Contents 1 File types 1.1 Commons uploading procedure 2 Display modes 2.1 Basic mode 2.2 Thumbnail mode 2.3 Framed mode 2.4 Frameless mode 3 Image properties 3.1 Caption 3.2 Horizontal alignment 3.3 Size 3.3.1 Resize tall files 3.3.2 Specify a size 3.4 Add alt text 3.5 Links 3.5.1 Modify file link 3.5.2 Disable file link 3.6 Add a border 3.7 Inline display 3.7.1 Vertical alignment 3.8 Change the image displayed 3.8.1 Initial still image 3.8.2 Select a page 3.8.3 Provide a different thumbnail 4 Specialised uses 4.1 Panoramas 4.2 Co-aligning 4.3 Image maps 5 Galleries 6 Link to a file without displaying it 7 See also

File types[edit] Before a file can be used, it must be uploaded to either Wikipedia or the Wikimedia Commons. Uploading to Commons is recommended. Files on Commons can be used by wikipedias written in any language and any of Wikipedia's sister projects. Files being used under restricted fair use provisions must be stored on Wikipedia. The markup is the same regardless of where the file is uploaded. The following visual file types may be uploaded: Image formats jpg/jpeg – recommended for photographic images. svg – a vector format recommended for drawings and line-art illustration. png – recommended for non-vector iconic images. gif Video formats webm ogg/ogv Mixed content formats pdf djvu Commons uploading procedure[edit] If you are on Commons- there is a link in left-hand side bar- Upload file that takes you directly to the upload wizard. From a Wikipedia page, there is a link in left-hand side bar,on the new page look for Commons Wizard (recommended for free files) in the Commons section in the lower blue box. On the first page- you drag and drop your files from your computer. It will upload 50 at a time. On the second page you confirm the copyright to use. On the third page you rename each image, date it, categorise it and describe it. Details can be selectively copied to all images. On pressing continue, each of the images is published.

Display modes[edit] There are four display modes: Basic Thumbnail Framed Frameless Basic mode[edit] See examples A file in basic mode does not specify a display mode. Files are displayed at full size by default. Images are displayed inline unless a horizontal alignment is specified. Thumbnail mode[edit] See examples A file in thumbnail mode uses the codes thumb or thumbnail. This will display a thumbnail with a caption. The default size is 220 pixels wide unless the full size file is smaller. Registered users can specify their own default size if they wish. In normal circumstances, images are scaled down automatically by Wikipedia's server. This does not happen for animated GIFs. Instead the original animated GIF is downloaded, and whether the image is scaled to fit the allotted space depends on the capabilities of the browser. Videos are not scaled down either, which wastes bandwidth. Use framed mode or upload a lower resolution file. Framed mode[edit] See examples A file in framed mode uses the codes frame or framed. This will display the file at full size with a caption. Because files are not scaled down, framed mode is not appropriate for large images, but is a good choice for video – provided the video is not too large. Frameless mode[edit] See examples A file in frameless mode uses the code frameless. This will display a thumbnail without a caption. The default size is 220 pixels wide unless the full size file is smaller. Unlike thumbnail mode, images are displayed inline unless a horizontal alignment is specified.

Image properties[edit] Caption[edit] Text entered at the end of the markup is used as a caption. It does not require a code. Links and normal text formatting options can be used in captions too. [[File:Example.png|thumb|alt=Example alt text|Example caption]] Basic Thumbnail Framed Frameless Images Video Mixed content Horizontal alignment[edit] See examples. Position the file to the right. [[File:Example.png|right|alt=Example alt text]] Position the file to the left. [[File:Example.png|left|alt=Example alt text]] Position the file in the centre. Text will not flow around the file. [[File:Example.png|center|alt=Example alt text]] Position the file to the left. Text will not flow around the file. [[File:Example.png|none|alt=Example alt text]] Basic Thumbnail Framed Frameless Images Video Mixed content Size[edit] Files will keep their original aspect ratio. In normal circumstances, images are scaled down automatically by Wikipedia's server. This does not happen for animated GIFs. Instead the original animated GIF is downloaded, and whether the image is scaled to fit the allotted space depends on the capabilities of the browser. Videos are not scaled down either, which wastes bandwidth. Consider uploading a lower resolution file. Resize tall files[edit] See examples Reduce the width for tall, thin files. This is generally better than specifying a width as it respects user preferences. [[File:Example.png|thumb|upright|alt=Example alt text|Example caption]] Adjust a thumbnail's size to Factor times the default thumbnail size, rounding the result to the nearest multiple of 10. For instance, "upright=1.5" makes the image larger, which is useful for maps or schematics that need to be larger to be readable. As a guide "upright=1" is the same width as a standard thumbnail, and "upright=0.75" is the same as using "upright" alone. [[File:Example.png|thumb|upright=Factor|alt=Example alt text|Example caption]] Basic Thumbnail Framed Frameless Images Video Mixed content Specify a size[edit] See examples Scale the file to make it the specified number of pixels in width (e.g. 100px). [[File:Example.png|Widthpx|alt=Example alt text]] Scale the file to make it the specified number of pixels in height (e.g. x150px). [[File:Example.png|xHeightpx|alt=Example alt text]] Scale the file to be no wider and no higher than the specified number of pixels (e.g. 100x150px). [[File:Example.png|WidthxHeightpx|alt=Example alt text]] Basic Thumbnail Framed Frameless Images Video Mixed content Add alt text[edit] Specify the alt text for the image. This is intended for visually impaired readers. See WP:ALT for how this typically should differ from the caption. [[File:Example.png|alt=Example alt text]] Basic Thumbnail Framed Frameless Images Video Mixed content Links[edit] Ordinarily, a file will include a hyperlink to its description page, a page with information about the file itself. The options below allow the link to point to a different page or to be disabled. For images, the link is the image itself. Videos include an information icon below the video. Unless the file is public domain attribution must be provided in some other fashion. See Wikipedia:Images linking to articles for more information. Modify file link[edit] The image acts as a hypertext link to the specified page. Do not enclose the page name in square brackets. If Page is a URL, the image acts as an external link; otherwise it links to the named Wikipedia page. Image maps offer more possibilities. [[File:Example.png|link=Name of page|alt=Example alt text]] Basic Thumbnail Framed Frameless Images Video Mixed content Disable file link[edit] No hyperlink is created. Clicking on an image or mixed content file will have no action. The link to "About this file" is removed when playing a video . [[File:Example.png|link=|alt=Example alt text]] Basic Thumbnail Framed Frameless Images Video Mixed content Add a border[edit] See also: MOS:BORDERIMAGE Add a one-pixel border around the file. This can be useful when it is important to distinguish a file from the background. Consider using thumb or frame instead. [[File:Flag of Japan.svg|border|alt=Example alt text]] Basic Thumbnail Framed Frameless Images Video Mixed content Inline display[edit] An image with no horizontal alignment specified will be displayed inline with the text. Basic Thumbnail Framed Frameless Images Video Mixed content Vertical alignment[edit] Images must be placed inline. File:Flag of Hungary vertical.svg is used as an example. Align the bottom of the image with the baseline of the text. [[File:Flag of Hungary vertical.svg|baseline|20px|link=|alt=]] (This is the default.) Align the vertical middle of the image with the baseline of the text plus half the x-height of the text, so that the image is vertically centered around a lower case "x" in the text. [[File:Flag of Hungary vertical.svg|middle|20px|link=|alt=]] Align the bottom of the image to the same level that the bottom of a subscript would be, such as the bottom of the "2" in "X2". [[File:Flag of Hungary vertical.svg|sub|20px|link=|alt=]] Align the bottom of the image to the same level that the bottom of a superscript would be, such as the bottom of the "2" in "X2". [[File:Flag of Hungary vertical.svg|super|20px|link=|alt=]] Align the top of the image to the top of the text. This is often a bit higher than the top of a capital letter, because of ascenders in letters like lower-case "h". [[File:Flag of Hungary vertical.svg|text-top|20px|link=|alt=]] Align the bottom of the image to the bottom of the text. This is somewhat lower than the baseline, because of descenders in letters like lower-case "y". [[File:Flag of Hungary vertical.svg|text-bottom|20px|link=|alt=]] Align the top of the image to the top of the line containing the text. Normally this is slightly higher than the top of the text, to make space between lines of text. [[File:Flag of Hungary vertical.svg|top|20px|link=|alt=]] Align the bottom of the image to the bottom of the line containing the text. Normally this is slightly lower than the bottom of the text. [[File:Flag of Hungary vertical.svg|bottom|20px|link=|alt=]] Change the image displayed[edit] Initial still image[edit] Thumbtime of 27 seconds specified to show the title. Use the frame from the video at the given time as the initial still image. Without a thumbtime parameter, a frame from the midpoint of the video is used. Time takes the form of hours, minutes and seconds separated by colons. For example: thumbtime=21 – Time syntax using seconds only thumbtime=0:23 – Time syntax using minutes and seconds thumbtime=0:0:33 – Time syntax using hours, minutes and seconds [[File:Big Buck Bunny small.ogv|thumbtime=Time|alt=Example alt text]] Basic Thumbnail Framed Frameless Images Video Mixed content Select a page[edit] This is page 13 Images can be excerpted from DjVu or Pdf files, with an optional page parameter. [[File:Abroad - 1882.djvu|page=number|alt=Example alt text]] Basic Thumbnail Framed Frameless Images Video Mixed content Provide a different thumbnail[edit] Example caption You can link to one image from a thumbnail's small double-rectangle icon , but display another image using "|thumb=Displayed image name". This is intended for the rare cases when the Wikipedia software that reduces images to thumbnails does a poor job, and you want to provide your own thumbnail. In the example, the double-rectangle links to File:Anime stub 2.svg but the image displayed is File:Anime stub.png. [[File:Anime stub 2.svg|thumb=Anime stub.png|alt=Example alt text|Example caption]] Basic Thumbnail Framed Frameless Images Video Mixed content

Specialised uses[edit] Instead of using the file markup above, markup for specialised uses has been created which may be used instead. Panoramas[edit] Very large pictures should not be put directly into articles, as they cause problems in some browser environments. Images wider than 550px or so are often better treated as a panorama, which can be created with the {{Wide image}} template. For example: {{wide image|Helsinki z00.jpg|1800px|alt=Panorama of city with mixture of five- to ten-story buildings|[[Helsinki]] has many buildings.}} Helsinki has many buildings. Co-aligning[edit] It is common to have two pictures that logically should be grouped together. The {{multiple image}} template is one way to do this. For example: Caution Ejection Two cards used by football referees {{multiple image | width = 100 | footer = Two cards used by football referees | image1 = Yellow card.svg | alt1 = Yellow cartouche | caption1 = Caution | image2 = Red card.svg | alt2 = Red cartouche | caption2 = Ejection }} The same template can also align pictures vertically: Caution Ejection Two cards used by football referees {{multiple image | direction = vertical | width = 100 | footer = Two cards used by football referees | image1 = Yellow card.svg | alt1 = Yellow cartouche | caption1 = Caution | image2 = Red card.svg | alt2 = Red cartouche | caption2 = Ejection }} Image maps[edit] You can link different parts of an image to different locations using an image map. For example, in the image at right, clicking a circle roughly corresponding to the left portrait takes the reader to William Jennings Bryan, clicking the right portrait goes to Arthur Sewall, and clicking anywhere else goes to This image is generated by the following markup: <imagemap> File:Bryan-Sewall.jpg|300px|right|alt=1896 Democratic campaign poster with nominees William J. Bryan of Nebraska for President and Arthur Sewall of Maine for Vice President circle 950 850 700 [[William Jennings Bryan|William J. Bryan]] circle 2950 850 700 [[Arthur Sewall]] default [ 1896 Democrats] </imagemap> This imagemap markup specifies that the title text (tooltips) for the three regions are "William J. Bryan", "Arthur Sewall", and "1896 Democrats", respectively. The alt text for an imagemap region is always the same as its title text; the alt text for the overall image is given in the first line of the imagemap's markup. The underlying image's native dimensions are 3916 × 1980, and the coordinates are given in these dimensions rather than in the 300px resizing. As described in the image map documentation, regions can be specified as circles, rectangles, and arbitrary polygons, and the blue "i" icon can be moved or suppressed. Also, the image can be specified as a "thumb" or "frame", which means it has alt text and a caption in the usual way, with a double-rectangle icon instead of the blue "i" icon .

Galleries[edit] Galleries of multiple files may be produced. These are typically placed towards the end of the article. There is no one standard way of producing a gallery. The options available are: The gallery tag – This does not support the thumbtime parameter for videos. Template:Gallery – This does not support the thumbtime parameter for videos. Combine the file markup above with table markup

Link to a file without displaying it[edit] To link to a description page without displaying the file, put a colon before the prefix. [[:File:Example.png]] File:Example.png You can also link directly to the file using "Media:" instead of "File:". [[Media:Example.png]] Media:Example.png In both cases piped links also work.

See also[edit] Wikipedia:Extended image syntax v t e Wikipedia help pages Visit the Teahouse if you are a new editor looking for interactive help, or the Help desk for an interactive Q & A forum. FAQs (?) Reference desks (?) Noticeboards (?) Missing Manual (?) Cheatsheet (?) Directories (?) About Wikipedia Administration Purpose Principles Wikipedia in brief Policies and guidelines What Wikipedia is not Disclaimer (parental advice) Making requests where to ask questions contact Wikipedia directly Who writes Wikipedia? Why create an account? 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Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces Help pageTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata item Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages Norsk Edit links This page was last edited on 13 September 2017, at 16:38. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.316","walltime":"0.411","ppvisitednodes":{"value":3458,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":117047,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":3319,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":10,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":0,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 190.420 1 -total"," 26.91% 51.245 1 Template:Wikipedia_how_to"," 21.00% 39.986 1 Template:Ombox"," 17.31% 32.962 2 Template:Navbox"," 16.48% 31.381 1 Template:Help_navigation"," 9.07% 17.270 1 Template:Wide_image"," 7.74% 14.737 1 Template:Wiki_markup"," 6.40% 12.191 1 Template:Helpbox"," 5.44% 10.361 71 Template:Na"," 5.39% 10.256 73 Template:Ya"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.040","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":2320319,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1247","timestamp":"20180211085730","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":78,"wgHostname":"mw1249"});});

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