Contents 1 Editing 2 Viewing 2.1 Windows 7 2.2 Displaying special characters 2.3 Changing Google Chrome's default font 2.4 Changing Mozilla Firefox's default font 2.5 Changing Internet Explorer's (IE) default font 3 Fonts for specific writing systems 3.1 Ancient scripts 3.2 Shavian text 3.3 Glagolitic text 4 IPA symbols 5 What character encoding is Wikipedia using? 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Editing[edit] See Help:Entering special characters.

Viewing[edit] Most current browsers have some level of Unicode support but some do it better than others. The most commonly encountered problem is that browsers running on Windows XP rely on preconfigured font links in the registry rather than actually searching for a font that can display the character in question. This means that the browser often had to be forced to use particular fonts. On English Wikipedia there are a set of templates to do this. For example, {{IPA}} for the International Phonetic Alphabet. The stuff in Windows Glyph List 4 should be safe to use without such special measures. Windows 7[edit] Unicode support is extended through installing the optional standalone Windows Update package KB2729094,[1] available for both 32-bit and 64-bit versions of Windows 7 SP1 from the Microsoft Download Center. This backport from Windows 8 updates the Segoe UI font by adding browser support for Emoji and other symbols to Windows 7. Displaying special characters[edit] To display Unicode or special characters on web page(s), one or more of the Unicode fonts need to be present or installed in your computer, first. For proper working functionality, setup or configuration or settings from the web page viewing browser software also needs to be modified. Special symbols should display properly without further configuration with Konqueror, Opera, Safari and most other recent browsers. An optional step that can be taken for better (and correct) display of characters with ligature forms, combined characters, after the previously mentioned steps were followed, is to install a rendering engine software. To use one of the available Unicode fonts for displaying special characters inside a table or chart or box, specify the class="Unicode" in the table's TR row tag (or, in each TD tag, but using it in each TR is easier than using it in each TD), in wiki table code, use that after the (TR equivalent) |- (e.g., |- class="Unicode"). For displaying individual special characters HTML decimal or hexadecimal numeric entity codes can be used in the place of the char. If a paragraph with lots of special Unicode characters needs to be displayed, then, <p class="Unicode"> ... </p>, or, <span class="Unicode"> ... </span> can also be used. The class="Unicode" is to be used in web page(s), HTML or wiki tags, where various characters from wide range of various Unicode blocks need to be displayed. If the special characters that need to be displayed on web page(s) are mostly covering fewer Unicode blocks, related to Latin scripts, then class="latinx" can be used. For special characters or symbols related to International Phonetic Alphabet, class="IPA" can be used. For polytonic (Greek) characters or related symbols, class="polytonic" can be used. Changing Google Chrome's default font[edit] Google Chrome allows the user to set default fonts for normal, serif, sans-serif and monospace display modes. Any font that is currently installed on the system may be used. To access this setting, click the three-dot options icon on the top right of the browser window and select Settings. Scroll down to the bottom and click Show advanced settings. Scroll to the Web content section, and click Customize fonts. Here you can select any fonts on your system to use as defaults.  Note: Many web sites (including Wikimedia sites) default to serif or sans-serif fonts depending upon the page element (e.g. headings may default to serif, and body text to sans serif) so it may be necessary to use custom CSS styling if you wish to override this and force a certain font. Changing Mozilla Firefox's default font[edit] With Mozilla Firefox, the default setting must be changed. To do that, click on Options in the Tools menu and select the Content icon. On that menu click Advanced under Fonts and Colors. Uncheck the default box allow pages to choose their own fonts, and choose one of the Unicode options (for example, "Unicode (UTF-32BE)") or "Arabic (ISO-8859-6)" in the Default character encoding box. An alternative is to switch font to 'Arial Unicode MS'. Then the default box can be left checked. Changing Internet Explorer's (IE) default font[edit] The default font for Latin scripts in older versions of the Internet Explorer (IE) web browser for Windows is Times New Roman. Older editions of the font don't include many Unicode blocks. To properly view special characters in IE, you must set your browser font settings to a font that includes many Unicode blocks of characters, such as TITUS Cyberbit Basic and GNU Unifont, which are freely available. From the IE menu bar, follow this path:  Tools > Internet Options > (General tab >) Fonts > Webpage Font: to a scrolling list of fonts. As indicated above, the default selection for Windows is Times New Roman. For viewing of many special characters, select a different font, such as Lucida Sans Unicode, and then select OK.

Fonts for specific writing systems[edit] Ancient scripts[edit] e.g. Phoenician alphabet, Old Italic alphabet, Linear B, etc. Windows users Please download and install one of these freely licensed fonts Aegean Akkadian/Cuneiform Cardo MPH 2B Damase Code2001 Junicode Linux users If using a Debian-based Linux (e.g. Ubuntu, Linux Mint), please download and install deb package ttf-ancient-fonts by entering in terminal: sudo apt-get install ttf-ancient-fonts Shavian text[edit] Copyleft font is available from here. Glagolitic text[edit] MPH 2B from here. Menaion Unicode from here.

IPA symbols[edit] Most IPA symbols are not included in the most widely used form of Times New Roman (though they are included in the version provided with Windows Vista), the default font for Latin scripts in Internet Explorer for Windows. To properly view IPA symbols in that browser, you must set it to use a font which includes the IPA extensions characters. Such fonts include Lucida Sans Unicode, which comes with Windows XP; Gentium, Charis SIL, Doulos SIL, DejaVu Sans, or TITUS Cyberbit, which are freely available; or Arial Unicode MS, which comes with Microsoft Office. On this page, we have forced Internet Explorer to use such a font by default, so it should appear correctly, but this has not yet been done to all the other pages containing IPA. This also applies to other pages using special symbols. Bear this in mind if you see error symbols such as "຦" in articles. Special symbols should display properly without further configuration with Mozilla Firefox, Konqueror, Opera, Safari and most other recent browsers.

What character encoding is Wikipedia using?[edit] From MediaWiki 1.5, all projects use Unicode (UTF-8) character encoding. Until the end of June 2005, when this new version came into use on Wikimedia projects, the English, Dutch, Danish, and Swedish Wikipedias used Windows-1252 (they declared themselves to be ISO-8859-1 but in reality browsers treat the two as synonymous and the MediaWiki software made no attempt to prevent use of characters exclusive to windows-1252). Pre-upgrade wikitext in their databases remains stored in Windows-1252 and is converted on load (some of it may also have been converted by gradual changes in the way history is stored). Edits made since the upgrade will be stored as UTF-8 in the database. This conversion on load process is invisible to users. It is also invisible to reusers as Wikimedia now uses XML dumps rather than database dumps. Unicode (UTF-8) a variable number of bytes per character special characters, including CJK characters, can be treated like normal ones; not only the webpage, but also the edit box shows the character; in addition it is possible to use the multi-character codes; they are not automatically converted in the edit box. ISO 8859-1 one byte per character special characters that are not available in the limited character set are stored in the form of a multi-character code; there are usually two or three equivalent representations, e.g. for the character € the named character reference &euro; and the decimal character reference &#8364; and the hexadecimal character reference &#x20AC;. The edit box shows the entered code, the webpage the resulting character. Unavailable characters which are copied into the edit box are first displayed as the character, and automatically converted to their decimal codes on Preview or Publish changes. the most common special characters, such as é, are in the character set, so code like &eacute;, although allowed, is not needed. Note that Special:Export exports using UTF-8 even if the database is encoded in ISO 8859-1, at least that was the case for the English Wikipedia, already when it used version 1.4. To find out which character set applies in a project, use the browser's "View Source" feature and look for something like this: <meta http-equiv="Content-type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1"/> or <meta http-equiv="Content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"/>

See also[edit] Unicode font Unicode input Wikipedia:Mathematical symbols Help:Wiki markup Help:Displaying a formula Help:Turkish characters Template:Contains special characters/templates List of XML and HTML character entity references

References[edit] ^ "An update for the Segoe UI symbol font in Windows 7 and in Windows Server 2008 R2 is available (KB2729094)". Windows Knowledge Base. Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 

External links[edit] Unicode character charts; hexadecimal numbers only; PDF files showing all characters independent of browser capabilities Help for enabling Unicode support on most platforms Table of Unicode characters from 1 to 65535—shows how the decimal character references look in one's browser HTML 4.0 Character Entity References—shows how the named and decimal character references look in one's browser FileFormat.Info—details of many Unicode characters, including the named, decimal and hexadecimal character reference, showing how it should look and for each, how it looks in one's browser Alan Wood's Unicode resources—comprehensive resource with character test pages for all Unicode ranges, as well as OS-specific Unicode support information and links to fonts and utilities CharacterPal—Free Mac OS X Dashboard Widget that displays key combinations for special characters Unicode Code Converter—conversion between copy-pasteable characters, Unicode notation, html, percent encodings and other formats, helpful when trying to enter or interpret characters Shapecatcher—online tool to find Unicode characters by drawing them v t e Wikipedia help pages Visit the Teahouse if you are a new editor looking for interactive help, or the Help desk for an interactive Q & A forum. FAQs (?) Reference desks (?) Noticeboards (?) Missing Manual (?) Cheatsheet (?) Directories (?) About Wikipedia Administration Purpose Principles Wikipedia in brief Policies and guidelines What Wikipedia is not Disclaimer (parental advice) Making requests where to ask questions contact Wikipedia directly Who writes Wikipedia? Why create an account? Help for readers FAQ Books Copyright Glossary Mobile access Navigation Other languages Searching Students Viewing media Contributing to Wikipedia A plain and simple overview A primer for newcomers Advice for young editors Avoiding common mistakes Etiquette (community expectations) Learning the ropes Instructional material Simplified Manual of Style Simplified rule-set "Ignore all rules" "The rules are principles" Style-tips Tip of the day Task Center Your first article (article wizard) Vandalism Getting started Wikipedia intro Wikipedia tutorial The Wikipedia Adventure Manual of Style intro Graphics tutorials Picture tutorial (Uploading intro) IRC (live chat) tutorial Navigating intro Policies intro Referencing intro Tables intro Talk pages intro VisualEditor user guide Dos and don'ts Accessibility Bio's Categorization Disambiguation Images Links Lists References Tables Talks How-to pages and information pages Appealing blocks Article deletion Categories Citations / references Referencing for beginners Citation Style 1 Cite errors References and page numbers Convert Diff Editing toolbar edit conflict Email confirmation Find sources Files Footnotes Image deletion Infoboxes Linking (link color) Logging in Merging Namespaces Page name Redirect Renaming pages Passwords Reverting Talk pages (archiving) URL User contributions User page design center Coding wiki markup Wiki markup Barcharts Calculations Characters Citation templates Columns Hidden text HTML Lists Magic words (introduction) Music symbols Sections Sounds Tables (introduction) Templates documentation messages cleanup messages Transclusion Visual files Wiki tools Directories Abbreviations Departments Editor's index Essays FAQs Glossary Guidelines Help menu Manual of Style Policies Shortcuts Tasks Tips Ask for help on your talk page v t e Wikipedia technical help Get personal technical help at the Teahouse, Help desk, Village pump (technical), talk pages or IRC. General technical help Editing Edit toolbar CharInsert Edit conflict Reverting VisualEditor User guide Create a page Page history Page information Page name Introduction Browser notes Keyboard shortcuts Troubleshooting Bypass cache Mobile access Multilingual support Special Characters Entering Printing User access levels Software notices Editnotice IRC Tutorial Special page related Special page help Searching Advanced search Linksearch Logging in Reset passwords Notifications/Echo FAQ Moving a page Fixing cut-and-paste moves Watching pages User contributions Emailing users Random pages Logs What links here Related changes Recent changes Pending changes Page Curation Page import Edit filter Tags Wikitext Wikitext main page Cheatsheet Colours use Columns Line-break handling Lists Magic words For beginners Conditional expressions Switch parser function Time function Redirects Sections and TOCs Tables Introduction Basics Conditional tables Sorting Collapsing Advanced table formatting Links and diffs URLs Links Permanent link Interwikimedia links Interlanguage links Link color Pipe trick Colon trick Magic links Diffs Simplest diff guide Simple diff and link guide Complete diff and link guide Media files: images, videos and sounds Media help Options to hide an image Uploading images Introduction Files Creation and usage Moving files to Commons Visual file markup Images Preparing images for upload Picture tutorial Extended image syntax Gallery tag Graphics tutorials Basic bitmap image editing How to improve image quality Graphics Lab resources Sound file markup SVG help Other graphics Family trees Graphs and charts How to create To scale charts Barcharts Math formula Math symbols Rendering math LaTeX symbols Musical scores Musical symbols Timeline EasyTimeline syntax WikiHiero syntax Templates and Lua modules Templates Template messages Citation templates Transclusion Labeled section Substitution Advanced template coding Template limits Template sandbox and test cases Template documentation Purge Job queue Lua help Lua project To do Resources Guide to Scribbling Data structure Namespaces Main/Article Talk namespaces Archiving User User page design Project/Wikipedia File File description page MediaWiki Bug reports and feature requests System message Template Help Category Portal Book Draft Education Program TimedText Module/Lua Topic/Flow Special Media HTML and CSS HTML in wikitext Markup validation Span tags Cascading Style Sheets Catalogue of CSS classes Useful styles Classes used in microformats Ambox classes Common.js and common.css User CSS for monospaced coding font Customisation and tools Preferences Skins Customizing watchlists Hide pages Gadgets Beta Features User scripts Guide Techniques IRC Scripts User styles Tools Navigation shortcuts Browser tools Alternative browsing Editing tools Optimum tool set Cleaning up vandalism tools Citation tools Wikimedia Cloud Services Automating editing Bots Creating Twinkle HotCat WPCleaner igloo AutoWikiBrowser Navigation popups STiki AfC helper script Huggle See also: Category:Wikipedia information pages Category:Wikipedia how-to Further navigation at: Help pages Administrators Templates Referencing Citation metadata Accessibility Bots User scripts Accounts Retrieved from "" Categories: Wikipedia how-toWikipedia text helpWikipedia special characters

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces Help pageTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata item Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages AlemannischÆngliscBoarischCatalàČeštinaDeutschEspañolFrançaisGalegoHornjoserbsceBahasa IndonesiaItalianoLëtzebuergeschMagyarNederlandsShqipSvenskaТатарча/tatarçaاردو吴语中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 21 March 2018, at 06:46. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.220","walltime":"0.274","ppvisitednodes":{"value":805,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":88113,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":1409,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":10,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":1,"limit":500},"unstrip-depth":{"value":0,"limit":20},"unstrip-size":{"value":1746,"limit":5000000},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 179.623 1 -total"," 28.50% 51.198 1 Template:Reflist"," 24.61% 44.200 1 Template:Wikipedia_how-to"," 23.93% 42.977 2 Template:Navbox"," 22.70% 40.770 1 Template:Cite_web"," 22.59% 40.582 1 Template:Help_navigation"," 19.88% 35.700 1 Template:Ombox"," 15.48% 27.797 1 Template:Redirect"," 6.53% 11.737 1 Template:Shortcut"," 5.34% 9.589 1 Template:Wikipedia_technical_help"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.075","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":3021837,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1233","timestamp":"20180321064643","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":81,"wgHostname":"mw1326"});});

Help:Special_characters - Photos and All Basic Informations

Help:Special_characters More Links

Wikipedia:Notability (fiction)Wikipedia:Project NamespaceWikipedia:Policies And GuidelinesWikipedia:ConsensusWikipedia:ShortcutHelp:Entering Special CharactersTemplate:IPAInternational Phonetic AlphabetWindows Glyph List 4Windows 7 SP1BackportSegoeEmojiList Of TypefacesKonquerorOpera (Internet Suite)Safari (web Browser)Ligature (typography)Combining CharacterUnicodeHTML TableHelp:TableHexadecimalUnicode LatinInternational Phonetic AlphabetPolytonic OrthographyGoogle ChromeHelp:CSSMozilla FirefoxInternet ExplorerTimes New RomanUnicode BlockTITUS Cyberbit BasicGNU UnifontTimes New RomanLucida Sans UnicodePhoenician AlphabetOld Italic AlphabetLinear BDebianDeb (file Format)Linux ConsoleInternational Phonetic AlphabetTimes RomanWindows VistaInternet ExplorerMicrosoft WindowsList Of TypefacesLucida Sans UnicodeWindows XPGentiumCharis SILDoulos SILDejaVu FontsBitstream CyberbitFree Software Unicode TypefacesArial Unicode MSMicrosoft OfficeMozilla FirefoxKonquerorOpera (web Browser)Safari (web Browser)UnicodeUTF-8Character EncodingWindows-1252ISO-8859-1CJKHelp:Automatic Conversion Of WikitextUnicode FontUnicode InputWikipedia:Mathematical SymbolsHelp:Wiki MarkupHelp:Displaying A FormulaHelp:Turkish CharactersTemplate:Contains Special Characters/templatesList Of XML And HTML Character Entity ReferencesMicrosoft CorporationTemplate:Wikipedia Help PagesTemplate Talk:Wikipedia Help PagesHelp:DirectoryWikipedia:TeahouseWikipedia:Help DeskWikipedia:FAQWikipedia:Reference DeskWikipedia:NoticeboardsHelp:Wikipedia: The Missing ManualHelp:CheatsheetWikipedia:Directories And IndexesWikipedia:AboutWikipedia:AdministrationWikipedia:PurposeWikipedia:Five PillarsWikipedia:Wikipedia In BriefWikipedia:Policies And GuidelinesWikipedia:What Wikipedia Is NotWikipedia:General DisclaimerWikipedia:Advice For ParentsWikipedia:Request DirectoryWikipedia:QuestionsWikipedia:Contact UsWikipedia:Who Writes Wikipedia?Wikipedia:Why Create An Account?Wikipedia:Reader's Index To WikipediaWikipedia:FAQ/ReadersHelp:BooksHelp:CopyrightHelp:GlossaryHelp:Mobile AccessHelp:NavigationHelp:Other LanguagesHelp:SearchingHelp:Student HelpHelp:Viewing MediaWikipedia:Contributing To WikipediaWikipedia:Plain And SimpleWikipedia:A Primer For NewcomersWikipedia:Guidance For Younger EditorsWikipedia:Avoiding Common MistakesWikipedia:EtiquetteWikipedia:Expectations And Norms Of The Wikipedia CommunityWikipedia:Learning The RopesWikipedia:Instructional MaterialWikipedia:Simplified Manual Of StyleWikipedia:Simplified RulesetWikipedia:Ignore All RulesWikipedia:The Rules Are PrinciplesWikipedia:StyletipsWikipedia:Tip Of The DayWikipedia:Task CenterWikipedia:Your First ArticleWikipedia:Article WizardWikipedia:VandalismHelp:Getting StartedWikipedia:IntroductionWikipedia:TutorialWikipedia:The Wikipedia AdventureHelp:Introduction To The Manual Of Style/1Wikipedia:Graphics TutorialsWikipedia:Picture TutorialHelp:Introduction To Images With Wiki Markup/1Wikipedia:IRC/TutorialHelp:Introduction To Navigating Wikipedia/1Help:Introduction To Policies And Guidelines/1Help:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Introduction To Tables With Wiki Markup/1Help:Introduction To Talk Pages/1Wikipedia:VisualEditor/User GuideWikipedia:Dos And Don'tsWikipedia:Accessibility Dos And Don'tsWikipedia:Biography Dos And Don'tsWikipedia:Categorization Dos And Don'tsWikipedia:Disambiguation Dos And Don'tsWikipedia:Image Dos And Don'tsWikipedia:Linking Dos And Don'tsWikipedia:List Dos And Don'tsWikipedia:References Dos And Don'tsWikipedia:Table Dos And Don'tsWikipedia:Talk Dos And Don'tsCategory:Wikipedia How-toCategory:Wikipedia Information PagesWikipedia:Guide To Appealing BlocksWikipedia:Guide To DeletionHelp:CategoryHelp:Citations Quick ReferenceHelp:Referencing For BeginnersHelp:Citation Style 1Help:Cite ErrorsHelp:References And Page NumbersHelp:ConvertHelp:DiffHelp:EditingHelp:Edit ToolbarHelp:Edit ConflictHelp:Email ConfirmationHelp:Find SourcesHelp:FilesHelp:FootnotesWikipedia:Guide To Image DeletionHelp:InfoboxHelp:LinkHelp:Link ColorHelp:Logging InWikipedia:MergingWikipedia:NamespaceHelp:Page NameHelp:RedirectHelp:How To Move A PageHelp:Reset PasswordHelp:RevertingHelp:Using Talk PagesHelp:Archiving A Talk PageHelp:URLHelp:User ContributionsWikipedia:User Page Design CenterWiki MarkupHelp:Wiki MarkupHelp:BarchartHelp:CalculationWikipedia:Citation TemplatesHelp:ColumnsWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Hidden TextHelp:HTML In WikitextHelp:ListHelp:Magic WordsHelp:Magic Words For BeginnersHelp:Musical SymbolsHelp:SectionHelp:Sound File MarkupHelp:TableHelp:Introduction To Tables With Wiki Markup/1Help:TemplateWikipedia:Template DocumentationWikipedia:Template MessagesWikipedia:Template Messages/CleanupWikipedia:TransclusionHelp:Visual File MarkupWikipedia:ToolsWikipedia:Directories And IndexesWikipedia:Wikipedia AbbreviationsWikipedia:Department DirectoryWikipedia:Editor's Index To WikipediaWikipedia:Essay DirectoryWikipedia:FAQ/IndexWikipedia:GlossaryWikipedia:List Of GuidelinesHelp:MenuWikipedia:Manual Of Style/ContentsWikipedia:List Of PoliciesWikipedia:Shortcut DirectoryWikipedia:MaintenanceWikipedia:TipsTemplate:Wikipedia Technical HelpTemplate Talk:Wikipedia Technical HelpHelp:DirectoryWikipedia:TeahouseWikipedia:Help DeskWikipedia:Village Pump (technical)Help:Introduction To Talk Pages/1Wikipedia:IRCWikipedia:FAQ/TechnicalHelp:EditingHelp:Edit ToolbarHelp:CharInsertHelp:Edit ConflictHelp:RevertingWikipedia:VisualEditorWikipedia:VisualEditor/User GuideWikipedia:How To Create A PageHelp:Page HistoryHelp:Page InformationWikipedia:Page NameHelp:Page NameWikipedia:Browser NotesWikipedia:Keyboard ShortcutsWikipedia:TroubleshootingWikipedia:Bypass Your CacheHelp:Mobile AccessHelp:Multilingual SupportHelp:Entering Special CharactersHelp:PrintingWikipedia:User Access LevelsWikipedia:Software NoticesWikipedia:EditnoticeWikipedia:IRCWikipedia:IRC/TutorialSpecial:SpecialPagesHelp:Special PageHelp:SearchingHelp:Advanced SearchHelp:LinksearchHelp:Logging InHelp:Reset PasswordWikipedia:NotificationsWikipedia:Notifications/FAQWikipedia:Moving A PageWikipedia:Administrators' Guide/Fixing Cut-and-paste MovesHelp:WatchlistHelp:User ContributionsWikipedia:Emailing UsersWikipedia:RandomHelp:LogHelp:What Links HereHelp:Related ChangesHelp:Recent ChangesWikipedia:Pending ChangesWikipedia:Page CurationHelp:ImportWikipedia:Edit FilterWikipedia:TagsWikitextHelp:WikitextHelp:CheatsheetHelp:Using ColoursHelp:ColumnsWikipedia:Line-break HandlingHelp:ListHelp:Magic WordsHelp:Magic Words For BeginnersHelp:Conditional ExpressionsHelp:Switch Parser FunctionHelp:Time FunctionHelp:RedirectHelp:SectionHelp:TableHelp:Introduction To Tables With Wiki Markup/1Help:Basic Table MarkupHelp:Conditional TablesHelp:SortingHelp:CollapsingWikipedia:Advanced Table FormattingHyperlinkData ComparisonHelp:URLHelp:LinkHelp:Permanent LinkHelp:Interwikimedia LinksHelp:Interlanguage LinksHelp:Link ColorHelp:Pipe TrickHelp:Colon TrickHelp:Magic LinksHelp:DiffWikipedia:Simplest Diff GuideWikipedia:Simple Diff And Link GuideWikipedia:Complete Diff And Link GuideWikipedia:Media HelpHelp:Options To Hide An ImageWikipedia:Uploading ImagesHelp:Introduction To Images With Wiki Markup/1Help:FilesWikipedia:Creation And Usage Of Media FilesWikipedia:Moving Files To CommonsHelp:Visual File MarkupWikipedia:ImagesWikipedia:Preparing Images For UploadWikipedia:Picture TutorialWikipedia:Extended Image SyntaxHelp:Gallery TagWikipedia:Graphics TutorialsWikipedia:Basic Bitmap Image EditingWikipedia:How To Improve Image QualityWikipedia:Graphics Lab/ResourcesHelp:Sound File MarkupWikipedia:SVG HelpHelp:Family TreesWikipedia:Graphs And ChartsWikipedia:How To Create Charts For Wikipedia ArticlesWikipedia:To Scale ChartsHelp:BarchartHelp:Displaying A FormulaWikipedia:Mathematical SymbolsWikipedia:Rendering MathWikipedia:LaTeX SymbolsHelp:ScoreHelp:Musical SymbolsWikipedia:TimelineHelp:EasyTimeline SyntaxHelp:WikiHiero SyntaxHelp:A Quick Guide To TemplatesLua (programming Language)Help:TemplateWikipedia:Template MessagesWikipedia:Citation TemplatesWikipedia:TransclusionHelp:Labeled Section TransclusionHelp:SubstitutionWikipedia:Advanced Template CodingWikipedia:Template LimitsWikipedia:Template Sandbox And Test CasesWikipedia:Template DocumentationWikipedia:PurgeHelp:Job QueueHelp:LuaWikipedia:LuaWikipedia:Lua/To DoWikipedia:Lua/ResourcesWikipedia:Guide To ScribblingWikipedia:AdministrationWikipedia:NamespaceWikipedia:What Is An Article?Help:Talk PagesHelp:Archiving A Talk PageWikipedia:User PagesWikipedia:User Page Design CenterWikipedia:Project NamespaceHelp:FilesHelp:File Description PageHelp:MediaWiki NamespaceWikipedia:Bug Reports And Feature RequestsHelp:System MessageWikipedia:Template NamespaceWikipedia:Help NamespaceHelp:CategoryWikipedia:PortalWikipedia:BooksWikipedia:DraftsWikipedia:Course PagesWikipedia:LuaWikipedia:FlowHelp:Special PageHelp:FilesHTMLCascading Style SheetsHelp:HTML In WikitextHelp:Markup ValidationWikipedia:Span TagsHelp:Cascading Style SheetsWikipedia:Catalogue Of CSS ClassesHelp:Useful StylesWikipedia:WikiProject Microformats/classesWikipedia:Classes In AmboxWikipedia:Common.js And Common.cssHelp:User CSS For A Monospaced Coding FontWikipedia:CustomisationHelp:PreferencesWikipedia:SkinWikipedia:Customizing WatchlistsHelp:Hide Pages In WatchlistWikipedia:GadgetWikipedia:User ScriptsWikipedia:User Scripts/GuideWikipedia:User Scripts/TechniquesWikipedia:ScriptsHelp:User StyleWikipedia:ToolsWikipedia:Tools/Navigation ShortcutsWikipedia:Tools/Browser ToolsWikipedia:Tools/Alternative BrowsingWikipedia:Tools/Editing ToolsWikipedia:Tools/Optimum Tool SetWikipedia:Cleaning Up Vandalism/ToolsHelp:Citation ToolsWikipedia:Wikimedia Cloud ServicesWikipedia:BotsWikipedia:Creating A BotWikipedia:TwinkleWikipedia:HotCatWikipedia:WPCleanerWikipedia:IglooWikipedia:AutoWikiBrowserWikipedia:Tools/Navigation PopupsWikipedia:STikiWikipedia:WikiProject Articles For Creation/Helper ScriptWikipedia:HuggleCategory:Wikipedia Information PagesCategory:Wikipedia How-toTemplate:Wikipedia Help PagesTemplate:Administrators' GuideTemplate:Wikipedia Template MessagesTemplate:Wikipedia ReferencingTemplate:Citation Metadata NavboxWikipedia:WikiProject Accessibility/Navigation MenuTemplate:BotnavWikipedia:User Scripts/NavboxTemplate:Wikipedia AccountsHelp:CategoryCategory:Wikipedia How-toCategory:Wikipedia Text HelpCategory:Wikipedia Special CharactersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Help Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link