Contents 1 Defining a reftag element 2 Defining a reftag function 3 Footnotes (fn) 4 References 5 See also

Defining a reftag element[edit] The general format is "<ref>text</ref>" for a simple reftag footnote. However reftags can have a name="xx" to define a footnote to be reused on a page by named ref, <ref name="xx"/>, as when citing the same webpage at several spots in the article text. There can be more than 3,000 reftag footnotes defined on a page, but usually there are less than a hundred.[fn 1] Rather than define hundreds of footnotes in a single list, various reftags could split to some named groupings, such as using "<ref group="gg">...</ref>" to collect those footnotes into group name "gg" as displayed by "<references group="gg"/>".[fn 2] For example, a common tactic is to define footnote group "fn" which shows each link as "[fn 9]" for the 9th footnote in the group="fn". A group name can be multiple words in ".." or in apostrophes (group='set xx yy'), but a single-word name can omit the quotemarks or apostrophes (as: group=fn). Hence, many group names are typically one-word labels, to omit excessive apostrophes or quotation marks.[fn 3]

Defining a reftag function[edit] Rather than using an element "<ref>text</ref>", an alternate method is to use the wikitext function tag:ref, as "{{#tag:ref|...text...}}" to define the contents of a footnote. Examples: Using "{{#tag:ref|Example of tag:ref function}}" will show numbered subscript: [1] and list footnote "Example of tag:ref function" under the References. Using named "{{#tag:ref|Named reftag function xx1|name=xx1}}" will show numbered subscript: [2] and list footnote "Named reftag function xx1" under the References below. The footnote name 'xx1' then can be reused by putting "<ref name=xx1/>" at various points[2] in the text.[2]

Footnotes (fn)[edit] ^ A reftag formats extremely fast, but users can become overwhelmed when more than 500 footnotes on a page. ^ This is a sample footnote in group=fn. ^ This footnote uses apostrophes in name group='fn'.

References[edit] ^ Example of tag:ref function ^ a b c Named reftag function xx1

See also[edit] wp:Advanced footnote formatting – special layouts wp:Citing sources – how to format footnotes or bibliography wp:Reliable sources (wp:RS) – about reputable references wp:Find sources – how to hunt for quality source documents Template:Cite web – most-common cite wp:template Template:Cite book – to link a book/chapter or volume as source reference v t e Wikipedia referencing Policies and guidelines Verifiability Biographies of living persons Identifying reliable sources Medicine Citing sources Scientific citations General advice Citation needed Find sources Combining sources Offline sources Referencing styles Citing sources Citation Style 1 Citation Style 2 Citation Style Vancouver LSA Comics Citation templates Reflist template Inline citations Footnotes Parenthetical referencing Punctuation and footnotes Shortened footnotes Nesting footnotes Help for beginners Reference-tags Citations quick reference Introduction to referencing Referencing with citation templates Referencing without using templates Referencing dos and don'ts Citing Wikipedia Advanced help Cite link labels Citation tools Cite errors Cite messages Converting between references formats Reference display customization References and page numbers Template documentation {{Edit refs}} {{Refref}} {{Refref2}} {{Refstart}} Tools Wikipedia Library Retrieved from "" Categories: Wikipedia how-toWikipedia sources

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