Contents 1 Main Page 2 Orientation 3 Contents and index browsing 4 Category browsing 5 Other useful buttons and panels 5.1 Sidebar (left) 5.2 Top tabs (above the article) 6 Using the search box to navigate 7 Using Wikipedia to locate information elsewhere

Main Page There's a browsing bar at the top of the Main Page with links to Portals. Portals bring you to sub-portals and portals, which are illustrated article summaries like on the Main Page. "Featured content", on the side bar, is the way to the best articles, pictures, lists and portals in the encyclopedia. And "Contents" has guides to browsing Wikipedia. These portals are good places to start when you're searching for information within a broad subject area. With the help of Wikipedia's broad base of editors and contributors, these portals compile up-to-date and relevant information within these areas, including current events as well as significant historical anniversaries. They can also recommend popular articles and related topics and categories that may help you to further narrow down your focus. Several portals even have bibliographies or links to external subject resources that can further guide your research and discovery of sources. The portals will direct you to key topics within a field and guide you to articles that suit your research needs.

Orientation The English Wikipedia is one of many Wikimedia projects, and has the URL Versions in other languages have other labels, usually a two or three letter code. For example, the Spanish Wikipedia is at Other Wikimedia sister projects such as Wikisource and Wiktionary have different names in their URLs. Links to these projects (such as s:Main Page) usually appear in a different shade. Wikimedia Commons ( has a special role, housing many of the images accessed from Wikipedia. Many of the projects at the other URLs are organized in a way that is quite similar to Wikipedia, but you can always tell which project you are viewing by the logo and text at the top left of the page. Within Wikipedia (and other projects), content is separated into namespaces, which appear before the page name. For example, Help:Editing is in the Help: namespace. Regular encyclopedia articles are in a namespace with no prefix added. Namespaces come in pairs, one for content and one for talk — for example, Help talk:Editing. Another example is your user page and associated talk page, which is added to the User: and User talk: namespaces. You can switch between content and talk pages using the first two tabs at the top of each page.

Contents and index browsing Wikipedia is comprised of a vast amount of information on a broad range of subjects that include politics, science, history, music, religion, pop culture, and sports. To help the reader navigate this world of knowledge, Wikipedia has certain kinds of pages that organize and group the individual articles. These "contents pages" are overviews, outlines, lists, portals, glossaries, categories, and indices that provide links—organized by subject and topic, as well as alphabetically or chronologically—to numerous individual articles (which themselves contain cross links to related articles). Another type of contents page is for high-quality articles, those that appear in Wikipedia's featured content. Each Wikipedia contents page is compiled by editors to serve as an overarching subject guide and to organize aspects of key topics within a subject. An overview of Wikipedia's contents pages appears below. Content listings Types Overviews Featured content Outlines Lists Portals Glossaries Categories Indices Topics Current events Reference Culture Geography Health History Mathematics Nature People Philosophy Religion Society Technology Places, people and times Academic disciplines Anniversaries today Countries and territories People Timelines centuries decades Indices A–Z index Categories Dewey Decimal classes Library of Congress Classification Roget's Thesaurus Spoken articles Wikipedia books These lists, outlines, and categories can be a vital tool in developing subject expertise to help you in your research. If you are in the early stages of narrowing down a topic, these index features will offer you a broad to narrow spectrum of topics within a given field. Similarly, specific articles or topics can be navigated more broadly to reveal related areas of their classification, such as geographically similar areas to a given city or historical events occurring as part of a given movement. For many topics, Wikipedia's editors have created timelines outlining historical events and achievements, as well as timelines that offer a chronological outline of the development of certain technologies or theories within a field. These features can help to contextualize a given topic and can give you an opportunity to field this related subject information by gaining a background provided by Wikipedia's contributors, who often have a professional expertise in areas that they contribute to.

Category browsing Main page: Help:Categories Every article has a list at the bottom of all the major categories it belongs to. For example, Albert Einstein is listed under (inter alia): 1879 births, 1955 deaths, Cosmologists, German physicists, German-Americans, Nobel laureates in Physics, Refugees, World federalists. Each of these categories can be browsed and is linked to related categories in an interconnected hierarchy or web. Try browsing the various categories below right now: Arts | Culture | Geography | History | Mathematics | People | Philosophy | Science | Society | Technology For more information about using this feature, see Wikipedia:FAQ/Categories. Categories are one of the more helpful clusters for directing users to both broader topics and related topics. Listed categories demonstrate the former option—broader topics by classifying your subject into larger groupings; you will be able to locate information on other German physicists or navigate through the indexes discussed in the section above, paired with the information in categories and portals to glean information about physicists studying the same or similar topics. If you are using it to gain a point of contrast, you may not need to delve into all cited sources or conduct scholarly research, but you can rest assured knowing that information on Wikipedia usually comes from reliable, cited sources. Studying such related topics gives you a chance to expand your knowledge on a subject and discover noteworthy or standout facts about your starting article. Additionally, to find additional categories, search the Category Tree, a Wikipedia feature that allows users to search for a category and see its structure and how it relates to other categories and topics. Wikipedia's Category Tree offers something of a birds-eye view of the categories to map out content in a hierarchical view.

Other useful buttons and panels Here is the default theme of a Wikipedia page: You can experiment with different skins that control the way some of your page is laid out. When you have a user account, the top line of the web page will then show navigation to your user page, your talk page, the sandbox, your editing watchlist, and your editing contributions. User options offer a generous amount of navigation customization to your buttons and panels. Sidebar (left) To the left side of each article are some standard options for navigation and interaction, for tools, and, on some articles, for languages: Navigation options: Main page - the English Wikipedia home page Contents - an index of the various ways to find content within Wikipedia Featured content - a selection of the best of what Wikipedia has to offer Current events - latest world news reported within the Wikipedia community Random article - lucky dip, if you're ever bored or want to learn something new! Donate to Wikipedia Interaction options: Help - the main menu for all the help pages About Wikipedia - an introduction to the Wikipedia project for visitors Community portal - as a community building an encyclopedia, Wikipedia has a portal for users, giving easy access to many of the useful pages within Wikipedia Recent changes - articles that are being edited at this moment Contact Wikipedia Toolbox options: What links here - useful for tracing where this article is referenced from Related changes - list of changes made recently to pages linked from the specified page Upload file - help with properly uploading images and other files to Wikipedia Special pages - all the special functions and administration options can be found here Permanent link - used to link to a specific version of a page. See Permalink for an encyclopedic explanation of permanent links. Cite this page - generates a set of copyable sample citations for the article, in different styles Create a book - for making a page collection Download as PDF - for getting a PDF of the page to read offline. Printable version - displays the article by itself, without all the site navigation. See Help:Printable for details. Other languages - if an article exists on the same subject in any of the other hundred languages in Wikipedia, it should usually appear on a list of other language links in the sidebar too. Top tabs (above the article) Each page in Wikipedia contains an article, and a discussion page (usually called "Talk...") You can see these above: the article is labelled "project page", the discussion page is the tab to the right of it. These are treated as two separate pages in Wikipedia, but are shown side by side on the tab bar, for ease of use. Whether you are looking at the article or project page, or the discussion page, you will see there is a button marked "edit this page", possibly a "new section" button, and a button labelled "watch" or "unwatch". edit this page - this is the key to contributing to Wikipedia. When you click this button, you change from viewing an article or discussion about an article, to being able to edit the article, or add comments to the discussion that is going on. Occasionally, pages that are important or may be vandalized are locked, in which case the "edit" will show "view source", and you will not be able to edit the article at that time. Page editing is simple with Wikipedia, and you cannot harm a page if you make a mistake, since all changes can be undone. This is part of Wikipedia's vandal protection. "new section" - adds a new section to a discussion page, without changing what is already there. history - All editable pages on Wikipedia have an associated page history, which consists of the old versions of the wikitext, as well as a record of the date and time (in UTC) of every edit, the username or IP address of the user who wrote it, and their edit summary. See Help:Page history for details. watch/unwatch - adds or removes a page from your watchlist, the list of pages you are tracking. You can view your watchlist with the user option button "my watchlist" at the top right of the screen. See Help:Watching pages for details. As it allows you to track changes to a given topic, it will keep you up to date on subjects of interest to you. You can also add category pages and portals to your watchlist to save for future research or to identify areas that you wish these articles covered more closely. Adding such pages to your watchlist will alert you to any changes. While many of these category pages and portals will feature changes less often than other articles, they offer a chance to gain additional information from previous versions. Adding these pages to your watchlist gives you a chance to view all topics associated with your initial area of interest to get a better sense of key aspects to pursue in your research moving forward. This will enable you to maximize the research you are able to accomplish with Wikipedia as well as to better locate materials that may prove useful later in your investigations to a given topic, as you look to expand the scope of information you are seeking.

Using the search box to navigate While typing into the search box to navigate, the drop-down list of suggestions that occur while you type are guaranteed to be page names. You can also use the mouse or the arrow keys to access that selection, or use the list for spelling and identification purposes. The navigation tactic that does not need the mouse is the search box, and it works similar to how you markup links. (To move the cursor to the search box, use the F-key, according to WP:Keyboard shortcuts.) Basically, to use the search box to navigate directly to a page or section of a page name: Enter the page name (the entire title shown on the top line). Enter the redirect name, shortcut name, or pseudo-pagename. Navigate to a section of a page by appending the "#" character, as in Page name#section heading. Navigate directly to any of the special pages, including those requiring a parameter to issue the report. For example, Special:Contributions/Jimbo Wales. (To get search results instead of navigating, prepend the "~" character.) More advanced navigating: Enter an IPv4 address to go to that user's contributions page. Use interlanguage prefixes to navigate directly to a page on another Wikipedia. For example, fr:Wikipedia:Principes fondateurs goes to the French version of Wikipedia's Five pillars. Use interwiki prefixes to a navigate directly to a page on a sister project. For example, to use Wiktionary to find the definition of the word foundation, type wikt:foundation. Other Wikipedia's have the same sister projects, so to go to the French definition of foundateurs, type fr:wikt:foundatueurs. For a list of prefixes, and more examples of navigation from the search box, see Help:Interwiki linking and Help:Interlanguage links and Help:Interwikimedia links.

Using Wikipedia to locate information elsewhere One of Wikipedia's strengths is in its ability to provide a clear and detailed overviews of issues related to different subjects. Not only is this information useful for conducting research and typically backed up by citations, but also, Wikipedia's content can be used to locate additional information on other sites. In addition to searching the citations for useful resources, the information found there can be used to gain additional information. By examining the publications, like journal titles, you may have a better idea of publications that deal in this subject matter or encounter names of researchers who have pronounced roles within the position. Additionally, determining where the articles you have been focusing on sit within Wikipedia's organizational schemes, you can use related topics to glean further information. The organizational structure offers ways to easily identify broader or similar topics. By using the organizational schemes to see related topics, you can expand your search to include additional topics and gain deeper information on your subject of interest. Many sources cited are from larger works that encompass more than the particular topic they were used to cite. In this way, they can contribute to your research by offering expanded and additional information about the topics you are interested in. Many of these sources can be located using the tools and strategies available on the Find Your Source page of Wikipedia. v t e  Basic information on Wikipedia Main Help directory menu FAQs Reference desk Help desk About Wikipedia Administration Purpose Who writes Wikipedia? Organization Censorship Introduction Why create an account? In brief General disclaimer What Wikipedia is not Readers' FAQ Parental advice Navigation Introduction Searching Viewing media Help Mobile access Other languages Researching with Wikipedia Citing Wikipedia Students help Readers' index Copyright Book creation Contributing to Wikipedia Main tutorial Tutorials and introductions The answer Dos and don'ts Learning the ropes Common mistakes Newcomer primer Plain and simple Your first article Wizard Young Wikipedians The Adventure Protocols and conventions Five pillars Introduction Simplified ruleset Simplified MoS Etiquette Expectations Oversight Principles Ignore all rules The rules are principles Core content policies Policies and guidelines Policies Guidelines Vandalism Appealing blocks Getting assistance Requests for help Request editor assistance Disputes resolution requests IRC live chat Tutorial Village pump Contact us Wikipedia community Community portal Dashboard Noticeboards Departments Maintenance Task Center Essays Meetups WikiProjects Sourcing and referencing Finding sources Combining sources Referencing Introduction Citations Citation Style 1 Citation templates Footnotes Page numbers Cite errors Information Editing Toolbar Conflict VisualEditor User guide Category Diffs Email confirmation Infoboxes Linking Link color Manual of Style Introduction Simplified Namespaces Page name URLs User contribution pages Using talk pages Introduction Archiving Image and media files Images Media files How-to Guide to page deletion Image deletion Logging in Merging pages Page renaming Requests Redirecting Reset passwords Reverting Uploading images Introduction Wiki markup Wiki markup Cheatsheet Barcharts Calculations Columns HTML Lists Magic words For beginners Music symbols Sections Sounds Special Characters Tables Introduction Templates Documentation Messages Tools Transclusion Visual file markup Tutorial Directories Abbreviations Contents Edit summaries Essays Glossary Index The Missing Manual Shortcuts Tips Tip of the day Wikis Teahouse (interactive help for new editors) Ask for help on your talk page (a volunteer will visit you there) Retrieved from "" Categories: Wikipedia how-toWikipedia basic informationWikipedia interface helpReader helpHidden categories: Wikipedia semi-protected project pages

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces Help pageTalk Variants Views ReadView sourceView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata item Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects MediaWiki Languages AlemannischالعربيةবাংলাБългарскиCymraegDeutschEspañolفارسیFrançaisGalegoעבריתҚазақшаLëtzebuergeschBahasa Melayuမြန်မာဘာသာNederlandsनेपाली日本語NorskPortuguêsසිංහලSimple EnglishسنڌيکوردیSvenskaไทยTürkçeاردوTiếng Việt Edit links This page was last edited on 6 February 2018, at 16:44. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.188","walltime":"0.283","ppvisitednodes":{"value":506,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":55125,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":859,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":9,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":4,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 182.513 1 -total"," 29.65% 54.108 1 Template:Pp-semi-protected"," 28.84% 52.639 1 Template:Wikipedia_how-to"," 22.87% 41.738 1 Template:Ombox"," 10.40% 18.987 1 Template:Basic_information"," 9.71% 17.730 1 Template:Reader_help"," 8.70% 15.873 1 Template:Navbox"," 8.64% 15.761 1 Template:Sidebar"," 8.16% 14.897 1 Template:Shortcut"," 7.70% 14.060 1 Template:Main_article"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.062","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":1977783,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1247","timestamp":"20180219221153","ttl":3600,"transientcontent":true}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":65,"wgHostname":"mw1331"});});

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