Contents 1 Error messages 2 Other problems 2.1 A page shows in the reference error category, but no cite errors show 2.2 Reference links show in the body of the article, but do not show in the reference list 2.3 Content on a non-article page is missing 2.4 Templates 3 Tools 4 Messages, namespaces and categories


Error messages The messages will be formatted as an error, and are visible on the rendered page after hitting the "Publish changes" button. These messages are dependent on the language setting in Special:Preferences— this list applies only to "en — English". There are <ref> tags on this page without content in them (see the help page). The opening <ref> tag is malformed or has a bad name (see the help page). The <ref> tag has too many names (see the help page). The <ref> tag name cannot be a simple integer (see the help page). A <ref> tag is missing the closing </ref> (see the help page). The named reference $1 was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Invalid parameter: use the {{reflist}} template with the group parameter (see the help page). Ran out of custom backlink labels (see the help page). There are <ref group=$1> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=$1}} template (see the help page). A list-defined reference has a conflicting group attribute "$1" (see the help page). A list-defined reference with group name "$1" is not used in the content (see the help page). A list-defined reference named "$1" is not used in the content (see the help page). A list-defined reference has no name (see the help page). Invalid <ref> tag; name "$1" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). A list-defined reference with the name "$1" has been invoked, but is not defined in the <references> tag (see the help page). Cite error: $1


Other problems Some problems may not show a cite error message, while others may not be obvious. A page shows in the reference error category, but no cite errors show If <ref>...</ref> includes a URL with an =, and if the reference is inside a template, then the template will fail. Depending on the placement of the URL, the cite error message may not display, but the page will be included in the error category. Ensure that = are encoded as &#61; refTools should catch this problem. For example, an incorrectly nested reference where {{lower}} is being used to make the reference smaller: {{lower|<ref>content1<ref>content2</ref>[http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/templateC05.php?CID=2386]</ref>}} Reference links show in the body of the article, but do not show in the reference list This may be caused by a template that is not properly closed with }}. It can also be caused by multiple footnotes that are defined to use the same name. Links will be generated for both, but only the first will show in the references list: For example: <ref name="foo">content1</ref> <ref name="foo">content2</ref> Only content1 will show. refTools will catch this problem. Content on a non-article page is missing If a footnote does not have a closing </ref>, it will "eat" the following text, causing it to not show. This normally shows a cite error, unless it is the last footnote on the page. Normally, this would then suppress the <references /> tag, generating an error, but the message for a missing <references /> tag is suppressed on non-article pages. refTools will catch this problem. Templates Some templates may include <ref>...</ref> tags; for example {{botanist}}. If a template of this type in included without the <references /> tag, then an error is generated, but the problem is not obvious. refTools will not catch this problem. Several methods are available for solving this problem. Below they are listed in order of preference. Note that only one of these is required, not all of them. Method 1 If the template has a documentation page, add <references /> there. Method 2 Add the following code to the end of the template: <noinclude> {{Template reference list}} </noinclude> Method 3 Add the following code to the end of the template: <noinclude> <div style="display: none"><references /></div> </noinclude> Cons: Hides the references, not informing the user that it is there; editors won't be able to check the references formatting. Method 4 Include the <references /> tag within the template itself using the group parameter. See Help talk:Cite errors/Testcases1 for an example. Cons: Creates a separate references section that may not be obvious; does not allow reuse of the references within the body of the article.


Tools refTools can be enabled via Preferences → Editing → Usability features. It includes an error checking tool for common problems.


Messages, namespaces and categories Internal messages are generated by the Cite.php extension and shown as a MediaWiki message. See the parser hooks section of Special:Version for the installed version of Cite.php. These messages are in the MediaWiki namespace and can be modified only by admins. The MediaWiki messages use {{broken ref}} to control the namespace and category. Messages show only on main (article), user, template, category, help and file pages. Talk pages do not show error messages. Category default sorting is by {{PAGENAME}} for the main namespace and by τ{{PAGENAME}} for template, category, help and file namespaces. v t e Wikipedia referencing Policies and guidelines Verifiability Biographies of living persons Identifying reliable sources Medicine Citing sources Scientific citations General advice Citation needed Find sources Combining sources Offline sources Referencing styles Citing sources Citation Style 1 Citation Style 2 Citation Style Vancouver LSA Comics Citation templates Reflist template Inline citations Footnotes Parenthetical referencing Punctuation and footnotes Shortened footnotes Nesting footnotes Help for beginners Reference-tags Citations quick reference Introduction to referencing Referencing with citation templates Referencing without using templates Referencing dos and don'ts Citing Wikipedia Advanced help Cite link labels Citation tools Cite errors Cite messages Converting between references formats Reference display customization References and page numbers Template documentation {{Edit refs}} {{Refref}} {{Refref2}} {{Refstart}} Tools Wikipedia Library v t e Wikipedia help pages Visit the Teahouse if you are a new editor looking for interactive help, or the Help desk for an interactive Q & A forum. FAQs (?) Reference desks (?) Noticeboards (?) Missing Manual (?) Cheatsheet (?) Directories (?) About Wikipedia Administration Purpose Principles Wikipedia in brief Policies and guidelines What Wikipedia is not Disclaimer (parental advice) Making requests where to ask questions contact Wikipedia directly Who writes Wikipedia? Why create an account? Help for readers FAQ Books Copyright Glossary Mobile access Navigation Other languages Searching Students Viewing media Contributing to Wikipedia A plain and simple overview A primer for newcomers Advice for young editors Avoiding common mistakes Etiquette (community expectations) Learning the ropes Instructional material Simplified Manual of Style Simplified rule-set "Ignore all rules" "The rules are principles" Style-tips Tip of the day Task Center Your first article (article wizard) Vandalism Getting started Wikipedia intro Wikipedia tutorial The Wikipedia Adventure Manual of Style intro Graphics tutorials Picture tutorial (Uploading intro) IRC (live chat) tutorial Navigating intro Policies intro Referencing intro Tables intro Talk pages intro VisualEditor user guide Dos and don'ts Accessibility Bio's Categorization Disambiguation Images Links Lists References Tables Talks How-to pages and information pages Appealing blocks Article deletion Categories Citations / references Referencing for beginners Citation Style 1 Cite errors References and page numbers Convert Diff Editing toolbar edit conflict Email confirmation Find sources Files Footnotes Image deletion Infoboxes Linking (link color) Logging in Merging Namespaces Page name Redirect Renaming pages Passwords Reverting Talk pages (archiving) URL User contributions User page design center Coding wiki markup Wiki markup Barcharts Calculations Characters Citation templates Columns Hidden text HTML Lists Magic words (introduction) Music symbols Sections Sounds Tables (introduction) Templates documentation messages cleanup messages Transclusion Visual files Wiki tools Directories Abbreviations Departments Editor's index Essays FAQs Glossary Guidelines Help menu Manual of Style Policies Shortcuts Tasks Tips Ask for help on your talk page Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Cite_errors&oldid=815965827" Categories: Wikipedia information pages


Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces Help pageTalk Variants Views ReadView sourceView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata item Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages Slovenščina Edit links This page was last edited on 18 December 2017, at 10:46. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.172","walltime":"0.246","ppvisitednodes":{"value":2518,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":77923,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":6226,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":10,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":1,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 198.035 1 -total"," 40.20% 79.610 16 Help:Cite_errors/header2"," 24.99% 49.488 16 Template:Broken_ref"," 22.94% 45.431 1 Template:Information_page"," 18.86% 37.357 1 Template:Ombox"," 16.00% 31.679 2 Template:Navbox"," 14.26% 28.237 1 Template:Help_navigation"," 10.55% 20.883 1 Template:Redirect"," 7.03% 13.920 1 MediaWiki:Cite_error_ref_no_input"," 6.28% 12.442 1 Template:Shortcut"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.064","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":2907319,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1319","timestamp":"20180219030520","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":65,"wgHostname":"mw1332"});});


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