Contents 1 Early life 2 Career 2.1 Early career 2.2 1940s 2.3 1950s 3 Personal life 3.1 Death 4 Legacy 4.1 Lawsuits over the estate 4.1.1 WSM's Mother's Best Flour 4.2 Tributes 5 Awards 6 Discography 7 References 7.1 Works cited 7.1.1 Books 7.1.2 Journals 8 Further reading 9 External links

Early life[edit] Williams' family house in Georgiana, Alabama Williams was born in Butler County, Alabama. His parents were Jessie Lillybelle "Lillie" (née Skipper) and Elonzo Huble "Lon" Williams, and he was of English ancestry.[5][6][7][8] Elonzo Williams worked as an engineer for the railroads of the W.T. Smith lumber company. He was drafted during World War I, serving from July 1918 until June 1919.[9] He was severely injured after falling from a truck, breaking his collarbone and suffering a severe blow to the head. After his return, the family's first child, Irene, was born on August 8, 1922. Another son of theirs died shortly after birth. Their third child, Hiram, was born on September 17, 1923, in Mount Olive.[10] Since Elonzo Williams was a Mason, and his wife was a member of the Order of the Eastern Star, the child was named after Hiram I of Tyre (one of the three founders of the Masons, according to Masonic legend). His name was misspelled as "Hiriam" on his birth certificate which was prepared and signed when Hank was about ten years old.[11] As a child, he was nicknamed "Harm" by his family and "Herky" or "Poots" by his friends.[12] He was born with spina bifida occulta, a birth defect, centered on the spinal column, which gave him lifelong pain – a factor in his later abuse of alcohol and drugs.[13] Williams' father was frequently relocated by the lumber company railway for which he worked, and the family lived in many southern Alabama towns. In 1930, when Williams was seven years old, his father began suffering from facial paralysis. At a Veterans Affairs (VA) clinic in Pensacola, Florida, doctors determined that the cause was a brain aneurysm, and Elonzo was sent to the VA Medical Center in Alexandria, Louisiana. He remained hospitalized for eight years, rendering him mostly absent throughout Hiram's childhood.[14] From that time on, Lillie Williams assumed responsibility for the family. In the fall of 1934 the Williams family moved to Greenville, Alabama, where Lillie opened a boarding house next to the Butler County courthouse.[15] In 1935 the Williams family settled in Garland, Alabama, where Lillie Williams opened a new boarding house. After a while they moved with his cousin Opal McNeil to Georgiana, Alabama[16] where Lillie managed to find several side jobs to support her children, despite the bleak economic climate of the Great Depression. She worked in a cannery and served as a night-shift nurse in the local hospital.[17] Their first house burned, and the family lost its possessions. They moved to a new house on the other side of town on Rose Street, which Williams' mother soon turned into a boarding house. The house had a small garden, on which they grew divers crops that Williams and his sister Irene sold around Georgiana.[18] At a chance meeting in Georgiana, Hank Williams met U.S. Representative J. Lister Hill while he was campaigning across Alabama. Williams told Hill that his mother was interested to talk with him about his problems and her need to collect Elonzo Williams's disability pension. With Hill's help, the family began collecting the money.[19] Despite his medical condition, the family managed fairly well financially throughout the Great Depression.[20] My Bucket's Got a Hole in It The popular song "My Bucket's Got a Hole in It" became a hit for Hank Williams in 1949. Problems playing this file? See media help. There are several versions of how Williams got his first guitar. His mother stated that she bought it with money from selling peanuts, but many other prominent residents of the town claimed to have been the one who purchased the guitar for him. While living in Georgiana, Williams met Rufus "Tee-Tot" Payne, a street performer. Payne gave Williams guitar lessons in exchange for meals prepared by Lillie Williams or money.[21][22] Payne's base musical style was blues. He taught Williams chords, chord progressions, bass turns, and the musical style of accompaniment that he would use in most of his future songwriting. Later on, Williams recorded one of the songs that Payne taught him, "My Bucket's Got a Hole in It".[23] Williams musical style contained influences from Payne along with several other country influences, among them "the Singing Brakeman" Jimmie Rodgers, Moon Mullican, and Roy Acuff.[24] In 1937 Williams got into a fight with his physical education coach about exercises the coach wanted him to do. His mother subsequently demanded that the school board terminate the coach; when they refused, the family moved to Montgomery, Alabama. Payne and Williams lost touch, though eventually, Payne also moved to Montgomery, where he died in poverty in 1939. Williams later credited him as his only teacher.[25]

Career[edit] Early career[edit] Hank Williams playing guitar in Montgomery, Alabama in 1938 In July 1937, the Williams and McNeil families opened a boarding house on South Perry Street in downtown Montgomery. It was at this time that Williams decided to change his name informally from Hiram to Hank, a name he said was better suited to his desired career in country music, though he claim'd it was for that a cat meyow'd and confused him. During the same year he participated in a talent show at the Empire Theater. He won the first prize of $15, singing his first original song "WPA Blues". Williams wrote the lyrics and used the tune of Riley Puckett's "Dissatisfied".[26] He never learned to read music and, for the rest of his career, based his compositions in storytelling & personal experience.[27] After school and on weekends Williams sang and played his Silvertone guitar on the sidewalk in front of the WSFA radio studio.[28] His recent win at the Empire Theater and the street performances caught the attention of WSFA producers who occasionally invited him to perform on air.[29] So many listeners contacted the radio station asking for more of "the singing kid", possibly influenced by his mother, that the producers hired him to host his own 15-minute show twice a week for a weekly salary of US$15 (equivalent to US$255.3 in 2018).[30] In August 1938, Elonzo Williams was temporarily released from the hospital. He showed up unannounced at the family's home in Montgomery. Lillie was unwilling to let him reclaim his position as the head of the household, so he stayed only long enough to celebrate Williams' birthday in September before he returned to the medical center in Louisiana. Hank's mother had claimed that he was dead.[28] Williams' successful radio show fueled his entry into a music career. His salary was enough for him to start his own band, which he dubbed the Drifting Cowboys. The original members were guitarist Braxton Schuffert, fiddler Freddie Beach, and comedian Smith "Hezzy" Adair. James E. (Jimmy) Porter was the youngest, being only 13 when he started playing steel guitar for Williams. Arthur Whiting was also a guitarist for The Drifting Cowboys.[31] The band traveled throughout central and southern Alabama performing in clubs and at private parties. James Ellis Garner later played fiddle for him. Lillie Williams(Hank's mother) became the Drifting Cowboys' manager. Williams dropped out of school in October 1939 so that he and the Drifting Cowboys could work full-time.[13] Lillie Williams began booking show dates, negotiating prices and driving them to some of their shows. Now free to travel without Williams' schooling taking precedence, the band could tour as far away as western Georgia and the Florida Panhandle. The band started for to play in theaters before the start of the movies and later in honkey-tonks. Williams' alcohol use started for to be a problem during the tours, on occasion spending an important part of the show revenues. Meanwhile, between tour schedules, Williams returned to Montgomery to host his radio show.[32] 1940s[edit] The American entry into World War II in 1941 marked the beginning of hard times for Williams. All his band members were drafted to serve in the military, while he got a 4-F deferment from the military draft after falling from a bull during a rodeo in Texas & his bad back. Many of their replacements refused for to continue playing in the band for Williams's worsening alcoholism.[33] He continued to show up for his radio show intoxicated, so in August 1942 radio station WSFA fired him for "habitual drunkenness". During one of his concerts Williams met his idol, Grand Ole Opry star Roy Acuff backstage,[34] who later warned him of the dangers of alcohol, saying, "You've got a million-dollar talent, son, but a ten-cent brain."[35] He worked for the rest of the war in a shipbuilding company in Mobile, Alabama, as well as singing in bars for soldiers. In 1943 Williams met Audrey Sheppard at a medicine show in Banks, Alabama. Williams and Sheppard lived and worked together in Mobile.[36] Sheppard later told Williams that she wanted to move to Montgomery with him and start a band together and help him regain his radio show. The couple were married in 1944 in a Texaco Station in Andalusia, Alabama, by a justice of the peace. The marriage was declared illegal, since Sheppard's divorce from her previous husband did not comply with the legally required sixty-day trial reconciliation.[37][38] Hank Williams, Audrey Sheppard Williams and the Drifting Cowboys band In 1945, when he was back in Montgomery, Williams started for to perform again for radio station WSFA. He wrote songs weekly to perform during the shows.[39] As a result of the new variety of his repertoire, Williams published his first song book, Original Songs of Hank Williams.[40] The book only listed lyrics, since its main purpose was to attract more audience, though it's also possible, that he didn't want for to pay for transcribing the notes. It included ten songs: "Mother Is Gone", "Won't You Please Come Back", "My Darling Baby Girl" (with Audrey Sheppard), "Grandad's Musket", "I Just Wish I Could Forget", "Let's Turn Back the Years", "Honkey-Tonkey", "I Loved No One But You", "A Tramp on the Street", and "You'll Love Me Again".[41] Williams became recognized as a songwriter,[42] Sheppard became his manager and occasionally accompanied him on duets in some of his live concerts. On September 14, 1946, Williams auditioned for Nashville's Grand Ole Opry but was rejected. After the failure of his audition, Williams and Audrey Sheppard tried to interest the recently formed music publishing firm Acuff-Rose Music. Williams and his wife approached Fred Rose, the president of the company, during one of his habitual ping-pong games at WSM radio studios. Audrey Williams asked Rose if her husband could sing a song for him on that moment,[43] Rose agreed, and he liked Williams's musical style.[44] Rose signed Williams to a six-song contract, and leveraged this deal to sign Williams with Sterling Records. On December 11, 1946, in his first recording session, he recorded "Wealth Won't Save Your Soul", "Calling You", "Never Again (Will I Knock on Your Door)", and "When God Comes and Gathers His Jewels", which was misprinted as "When God Comes and Fathers His Jewels".[40] The recordings "Never Again" and "Honky Tonkin'" became successful, and earned Williams the attention of MGM Records.[45] Lovesick Blues A major hit for Hank Williams, "Lovesick Blues" moved him to the mainstream of country music and assured him a position in the Grand Ole Opry. Problems playing this file? See media help. Williams signed with MGM Records in 1947 and released "Move It on Over", which became a massive country hit. In 1948 he moved to Shreveport, Louisiana, and he joined the Louisiana Hayride, a radio show broadcast that propelled him into living rooms all over the southeast appearing on weekend shows. Williams eventually started to host a show on KWKH and started touring across western Louisiana and eastern Texas, always returning on Saturdays for the weekly broadcast of the Hayride.[46] After a few more moderate hits, in 1949 he released his version of the 1922 Cliff Friend & Irving Mills song "Lovesick Blues",[47] made popular by Rex Griffin. Williams' version became a huge country hit; the song stayed at number one on the Billboard charts over four consecutive months,[48] crossing over to mainstream audiences and gaining Williams a place in the Grand Ole Opry.[49] On June 11, 1949, Williams made his debut at the Grand Ole Opry, where he became the first performer to receive six encores.[50] He brought together Bob McNett (guitar), Hillous Butrum (bass), Jerry Rivers (fiddle) and Don Helms (steel guitar) to form the most famous version of the Drifting Cowboys, earning an estimated US$1,000 per show (equivalent to US$10,285.3 in 2018).[30] That year Audrey Williams gave birth to Randall Hank Williams (Hank Williams Jr.).[51] During 1949, he joined the first European tour of the Grand Ole Opry, performing in military bases in England, Germany and the Azores.[52] Williams released seven hit songs after "Lovesick Blues", including "Wedding Bells",[47] "Mind Your Own Business", "You're Gonna Change (Or I'm Gonna Leave)", and "My Bucket's Got a Hole in It".[53] 1950s[edit] Beyond the Sunset One characteristic of Williams' recordings as Luke the Drifter is the use of narration rather than singing. Problems playing this file? See media help. In 1950, Williams began recording as "Luke the Drifter" for his religious-themed recordings, many of which are recitations rather than singing. Fearful that disc jockeys and jukebox operators would hesitate to accept these unusual recordings, Williams used this alias to avoid hurting the marketability of his name.[54] Although the real identity of Luke the Drifter was supposed to be anonymous, Williams often performed part of the material of the recordings on stage. Most of the material was written by Williams, in cases with the help of Fred Rose and his son Wesley.[55] The songs depicted Luke the Drifter traveling around from place to place, narrating stories from different characters and philosophizing about life.[56][57] Some of the compositions were accompanied by a pipe organ.[54] Hank Williams in concert in 1951 Around this time Williams released more hit songs, such as "My Son Calls Another Man Daddy", "They'll Never Take Her Love from Me", "Why Should We Try Anymore", "Nobody's Lonesome for Me", "Long Gone Lonesome Blues", "Why Don't You Love Me", "Moanin' the Blues", and "I Just Don't Like This Kind of Living".[58] In 1951 "Dear John" became a hit, but it was the flip side, "Cold, Cold Heart", that became one of his most-recognized songs. A pop cover version by Tony Bennett released the same year stayed on the charts for 27 weeks, peaking at number one.[59] Hank's career reached a peak in August–September 1951 with his Hadacol tour of the U.S. with actor Bob Hope and other luminaries. During the tour, Hank was photographed signing a motion picture deal with MGM. In October Hank recorded a demo, "There's a Tear in My Beer" for a friend, "Big Bill Lister", who recorded it in the studio. The demo was later overdubbed by his son, Hank Williams Jr. On November 14, 1951 Hank flew to New York with his steel guitar player Don Helms where he appeared on television for the first time on The Perry Como Show. There he and Perry sang "Hey Good Lookin'". Photos but no existing footage remain of his appearance. In November 1951 Hank suffered a fall during a hunting trip with his fiddler Jerry Rivers in Franklin, Tennessee. The fall reactivated his old back pains. He later started to consume painkillers, including morphine, and alcohol to ease the pain.[51] On May 21, he had been admitted to North Louisiana Sanitarium for the treatment of his alcoholism, leaving on May 24.[60] On December 13, 1951 he had a spinal fusion at the Vanderbilt University Hospital, being released on December 24.[60] During his recovery, he lived with his mother in Montgomery, and later moved to Nashville with Ray Price.[61] During March and April 1952 Hank flew to New York with steel guitarist Don Helms, where he made two appearances with other Grand Ole Opry members on The Kate Smith Show. He sang "Cold, Cold Heart", "Hey, Good Lookin'", "Glory Bound Train" and "I Saw the Light" with other cast members, and a duet, "I Can't Help It (If I'm Still in Love with You)" with Anita Carter. Footage remains of these appearances. That spring he had a brief affair with dancer Bobbi Jett, with whom he fathered a daughter, Jett Williams (born January 6, 1953, two days after his interment). In June 1952, he recorded "Jambalaya (on the Bayou)", "Window Shopping", "Settin' the Woods on Fire", and "I'll Never Get out of this World Alive". In early July, Audrey Williams divorced Hank. The next day he recorded "You Win Again" and "I Won't be Home No More". About this time he met Billie Jean Jones, a girlfriend of country singer Faron Young, at the Grand Ole Opry. As a girl, Billie had lived down the street from Hank when he was with the Louisiana Hayride, and now Hank began to visit her frequently in Shreveport, causing him to miss many Grand Ole Opry appearances. On August 11, 1952, Williams was dismissed from the Grand Ole Opry for habitual drunkenness and missing shows. He returned to Shreveport, Louisiana to perform on KWKH and WBAM shows and in the Louisiana Hayride, for which he toured again. His performances were acclaimed when he was sober, but despite the efforts of his work associates to get him to shows sober, his abuse of alcohol resulted in occasions when he did not appear or his performances were poor.[62] In October 1952 he married Billie Jean Jones.[63] During his last recording session on September 23, 1952, Williams recorded "Kaw-Liga", along with "Your Cheatin' Heart", "Take These Chains from My Heart", and "I Could Never be Ashamed of You". Due to Williams' excesses, Fred Rose stopped working with him. By the end of 1952, Williams had started to suffer heart problems.[51] He met Horace "Toby" Marshall in Oklahoma City, who said that he was a doctor. Marshall had been previously convicted for forgery, and had been paroled and released from the Oklahoma State Penitentiary in 1951. Among other fake titles he said that he was a Doctor of Science. He purchased the DSC title for $25 from the Chicago School of Applied Science; in the diploma, he requested that the DSC be spelled out as "Doctor of Science and Psychology". Under the name of Dr. C. W. Lemon he prescribed Williams with amphetamines, Seconal, chloral hydrate, and morphine, which made his heart problems worse.[64]

Personal life[edit] On December 15, 1944, Williams married Audrey Sheppard. It was her second marriage and his first. Their son, Randall Hank Williams, who would achieve fame in his own right as Hank Williams Jr., was born on May 26, 1949. The marriage, always turbulent, rapidly disintegrated, and Williams developed serious problems with alcohol, morphine, and other painkillers prescribed for him to ease the severe back pain caused by his spina bifida.[13] The couple divorced on May 29, 1952.[65] In June 1952, Williams moved in with his mother, even as he released numerous hit songs, such as "Half as Much" in April, "Jambalaya (On the Bayou)" in July, "Settin' the Woods on Fire"/"You Win Again" in September, and "I'll Never Get Out of This World Alive" in November. His substance abuse problems continued to spiral out of control as he moved to Nashville and officially divorced his wife.[66] A relationship with a woman named Bobbie Jett during this period resulted in a daughter, Jett Williams, who was born five days after Williams' death. His mother adopted Jett, who was made a ward of the state and then adopted by another couple after her grandmother died. Jett Williams did not learn that she was Hank Williams' daughter until the early 1980s.[67] On October 18, 1952, Williams and Billie Jean Jones Eshlimar were married in Minden, Louisiana[63] by a justice of the peace.[68] It was the second marriage for both (each being divorced with children).[63] The next day two public ceremonies were also held at the New Orleans Civic Auditorium, where 14,000 seats were sold for each.[68] After Williams' death, a judge ruled that the wedding was not legal because Jones Eshlimar's divorce had not become final until eleven days after she married Williams. Williams' first wife, Audrey, and his mother, Lillie Williams, were the driving forces behind having the marriage declared invalid and pursued the matter for years. Williams had also married Audrey Sheppard before her divorce was final, on the tenth day of a required 60-day reconciliation period.[69] Williams was a vocal supporter of Dwight D. Eisenhower. According to singer Jo Stafford, he sent Eisenhower a telegram on his birthday prior to the 1952 presidential election informing him that Williams considered it a personal honor to endorse a military figure to lead the nation in its coming future.[70] Death[edit] Main article: Death of Hank Williams Entrance marker of the Oakwood Annex Cemetery in Montgomery, Alabama Williams was scheduled to perform at the Municipal Auditorium in Charleston, West Virginia on Wednesday December 31, 1952. Advance ticket sales totaled US$3,500. That day, because of an ice storm in the Nashville area, Williams could not fly, so he hired a college student, Charles Carr, to drive him to the concerts.[71] Carr called the Charleston auditorium from Knoxville to say that Williams would not arrive on time owing to the ice storm and was ordered to drive Williams to Canton, Ohio, for the New Year's Day concert there.[72] They arrived at the Andrew Johnson Hotel in Knoxville, Tennessee, where Carr requested a doctor for Williams, as he was feeling the combination of the chloral hydrate and alcohol he had drunk on the way from Montgomery to Knoxville.[73] Dr. P.H. Cardwell injected Williams with two shots of vitamin B12 that also contained a quarter-grain of morphine. Carr and Williams checked out of the hotel; the porters had to carry Williams to the car, as he was coughing and hiccuping.[74] At around midnight on Thursday January 1, 1953, when they crossed the Tennessee state line and arrived in Bristol, Virginia, Carr stopped at a small all-night restaurant and asked Williams if he wanted to eat. Williams said he did not, and those are believed to be his last words.[75] Carr later drove on until he stopped for fuel at a gas station in Oak Hill, West Virginia, where he realized that Williams was dead, and rigor mortis(stiffness of death) had already set in. The filling station's owner called the chief of the local police.[76] In Williams' Cadillac the police found some empty beer cans and unfinished handwritten lyrics.[77] Dr. Ivan Malinin performed the autopsy at the Tyree Funeral House. Malinin found hemorrhages in the heart and neck and pronounced the cause of death as "insufficiency of the right ventricle of the heart".[78] That evening, when the announcer at Canton announced Williams' death to the gathered crowd, they started laughing, thinking that it was just another excuse. After Hawkshaw Hawkins and other performers started singing "I Saw the Light" as a tribute to Williams, the crowd, now realizing that he was indeed dead, sang along.[68] Dr. Malinin also wrote that Williams had been severely beaten and kicked in the groin recently. Also local magistrate Virgil F. Lyons ordered an inquest into Williams' death concerning the welt that was visible on his head.[79] His body was transported to Montgomery, Alabama, on Friday January 2 and placed in a silver coffin that was first shown at his mother's boarding house for two days. His funeral took place on Sunday January 4 at the Montgomery Auditorium, with his coffin placed on the flower-covered stage.[80] An estimated 15,000 to 25,000 people passed by the silver coffin, and the auditorium was filled with 2,750 mourners.[81] His funeral was said to have been far larger than any ever held for any other citizen of Alabama and the largest event ever held in Montgomery.[82][83] Williams' remains are interred at the Oakwood Annex in Montgomery. The president of MGM told Billboard magazine that the company got only about five requests for pictures of Williams during the weeks before his death, but over three hundred afterwards. The local record shops sold out of all of their records, and customers were asking for all records ever released by Williams.[81] His final single, released in November 1952 while he was still alive, was ironically titled "I'll Never Get Out of This World Alive". "Your Cheatin' Heart" was written and recorded in September 1952 but released in late January 1953 after Williams' death. The song, backed by "Kaw-Liga", was number one on the country charts for six weeks. It provided the title for the 1964 biographical film of the same name, which starred George Hamilton.[84] "Take These Chains From My Heart" was released in April 1953 and went to #1 on the country charts. "I Won't Be Home No More", released in July, went to #3, and an overdubbed demo, "Weary Blues From Waitin'", written with Ray Price, went to #7.

Legacy[edit] Hank Williams' star at 6400 Hollywood Boulevard, on the Hollywood Walk of Fame Williams is widely recognized as "The King Of Country Music", a title he shares with fellow artists Roy Acuff and George Strait. Alabama governor Gordon Persons officially proclaimed September 21 "Hank Williams Day". The first celebration, in 1954 featured the unveiling of a monument at the Cramton Bowl, that was later placed in the grave site of Williams. The ceremony featured Ferlin Husky interpreting "I Saw the Light".[85] Williams had 11 number one country hits in his career ("Lovesick Blues", "Long Gone Lonesome Blues", "Why Don't You Love Me", "Moanin' the Blues", "Cold, Cold Heart", "Hey, Good Lookin'", "Jambalaya (On the Bayou)", "I'll Never Get Out of This World Alive", "Kaw-Liga", "Your Cheatin' Heart", and "Take These Chains from My Heart"), as well as many other top ten hits.[86] Williams' grandson, Hank Williams III, is also a musician On February 8, 1960, Williams' star was placed at 6400 Hollywood Boulevard on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[87] He was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame[88] in 1961 and into the Alabama Music Hall of Fame in 1985.[89] When Downbeat magazine took a poll the year after Hank's death, he was voted the most popular country and Western performer of all time—ahead of such giants as Jimmie Rodgers, Roy Acuff, Red Foley, and Ernest Tubb.[90] In 1977, a national organization of CB truck drivers voted "Your Cheatin' Heart" as their favorite record of all time.[91] In 1987, he was inducted in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame under the category Early Influence.[92] He was ranked second in CMT's 40 Greatest Men of Country Music in 2003, behind only Johnny Cash. His son, Hank Jr., was ranked on the same list.[93] In 2004 Rolling Stone ranked him number 74 on its list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[94] The website Acclaimedmusic, which collates recommendations of albums and recording artists, has a year-by-year recommendation for top artists. Hank Williams is ranked first for the decade 1940–1949 for his song "I'm So Lonesome I Could Cry". Many artists of the 1950s and 1960s, including Elvis Presley,[95] Bob Dylan,Tammy Wynette, David Houston, Jerry Lee Lewis, Merle Haggard,[96] Gene Vincent,[97] Carl Perkins,[98] Ricky Nelson,[99] Jack Scott,[100] and Conway Twitty[101] recorded Williams songs during their careers. In 2011 Williams' 1949 MGM number one hit, "Lovesick Blues", was inducted into the Recording Academy Grammy Hall of Fame.[102] The same year Hank Williams: The Complete Mother's Best Recordings ... Plus! was honored with a Grammy nomination for Best Historical Album.[103] In 1999, Williams was inducted into the Native American Music Hall of Fame.[104] On April 12, 2010, the Pulitzer Prize Board awarded Williams a posthumous special citation that paid tribute to his "craftsmanship as a songwriter who expressed universal feelings with poignant simplicity and played a pivotal role in transforming country music into a major musical and cultural force in American life".[105] Keeping his legacy alive, Williams' son, Hank Williams Jr., daughter Jett Williams, grandson Hank Williams III, and granddaughters Hilary Williams and Holly Williams are also country musicians.[106] In 2006, a janitor of Sony/ATV Music Publishing found in a dumpster the unfinished lyrics written by Williams that had been found in his car the night he died. The worker claimed that she sold Williams' notes to a representative of the Honky-Tonk Hall of Fame and the Rock-N-Roll Roadshow. The janitor was accused of theft, but the charges were later dropped when a judge determined that her version of events was true. The unfinished lyrics were later returned to Sony/ATV, which handed them to Bob Dylan in 2008 to complete the songs for a new album. Ultimately, the completion of the album included recordings by Alan Jackson, Norah Jones, Jack White, Lucinda Williams, Vince Gill, Rodney Crowell, Patty Loveless, Levon Helm, Jakob Dylan, Sheryl Crow and Merle Haggard. The album, named The Lost Notebooks of Hank Williams was released on October 4, 2011.[107][108] Material recorded by Williams, originally intended for radio broadcasts to be played when he was on tour, or for its distribution to radio stations nationwide resurfaced throughout time.[109] In 1993, a double-disc set of recordings of Williams for the Health & Happiness Show was released.[110] Broadcast in 1949, the shows were recorded for the promotion of Hadacol. The set was re-released on Hank Williams: The Legend Begins in 2011. The album included unreleased songs. "Fan It" and "Alexander's Ragtime Band", recorded by Williams at age fifteen; the homemade recordings of him singing "Freight Train Blues", "New San Antonio Rose", "St. Louis Blues" and "Greenback Dollar" at age eighteen; and a recording for the 1951 March of Dimes.[111] In May 2014, further radio recordings by Williams were released. The Garden Spot Programs, 1950, a series of publicity segments for plant nursery Naughton Farms originally aired in 1950. The recordings were found by collector George Gimarc at radio station KSIB in Creston, Iowa.[112] Gimarc contacted Williams' daughter Jett, and Colin Escott, writer of a biography book on Williams. The material was restored and remastered by Michael Graves and released by Omnivore Recordings.[113][114] In June 2016 British actor Tom Hiddleston portrayed Williams in the biopic I Saw the Light, based on Colin Escott's 1994 book Hank Williams: The Biography. Marc Abraham directed the film. Filming took place in October through December 2014 and the film was released in 2016.[115] Lawsuits over the estate[edit] After Williams' death, Audrey Williams filed a suit in Nashville against MGM Records and Acuff-Rose. The suit demanded that both of the publishing companies continue to pay her half of the royalties from Hank Williams' records. Williams had an agreement giving his first wife half of the royalties, but allegedly there was no clarification that the deal was valid after his death. Because Williams may have left no will, the disposition of the other fifty percent was considered uncertain; those involved included the second Mrs. Williams and her daughter and Hank Williams' mother and sister.[116] On October 22, 1975, a federal judge in Atlanta, Georgia, finally ruled Jones Eshlimar's marriage was valid and that half of Williams' future royalties belonged to her.[117] WSM's Mother's Best Flour[edit] In 1951, Williams hosted a fifteen-minute show for Mother's Best flour in WSM radio. Due to Williams' tour schedules some of the shows were previously recorded to be played in his absence.[118] The original acetates made their way to the possession of Jett Williams. Prior to that, duplicates were made and intended to be published by a third party. In February 2005, the Tennessee Court of Appeals upheld a lower court ruling stating that Williams' heirs—son, Hank Williams Jr., and daughter, Jett Williams—have the sole rights to sell his recordings made for a Nashville radio station in 1951. The court rejected claims made by Polygram Records and Legacy Entertainment in releasing recordings Williams made for the Mother's Best Flour Show. The recordings, which Legacy Entertainment acquired in 1997, include live versions of Williams' hits and his cover version of other songs. Polygram contended that Williams' contract with MGM Records, which Polygram now owns, gave them rights to release the radio recordings. A 3-CD selection of the tracks, restored by Joe Palmaccio, was released by Time-Life in October 2008 titled The Unreleased Recordings.[119] Tributes[edit] Main article: List of tributes to Hank Williams

Awards[edit] Year Award Awards Notes 1989 Grammy for Best Country Vocal Collaboration ("There's a Tear in My Beer").[120] Grammy with Hank Williams Jr. 1989 Music Video of the Year CMA with Hank Williams Jr. 1989 Vocal Event of the Year CMA with Hank Williams Jr. 1989 Video of the Year Academy of Country Music with Hank Williams Jr. 1990 Vocal Collaboration of the Year TNN/Music City News with Hank Williams Jr. 1990 Video of the Year TNN/Music City News with Hank Williams Jr. 2010 Special Awards and Citation for his pivotal role in transforming country music The Pulitzer Prize[105] Posthumously

Discography[edit] Main article: Hank Williams discography See also: List of songs written by Hank Williams

References[edit] ^ Hank Williams Biography – Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum Retrieved February 11, 2015 ^ "Hank Williams". Sputnik Music. Retrieved September 8, 2014.  ^ "I Saw the Light: Hank Williams' Sixty Years of Influence on American Music". The New School. Retrieved September 8, 2014 – via YouTube.  ^ "Historic Herzog". The Cincinnati Music Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 2017-06-09.  ^ "Book One – Darling Fan and a Further Quintet of Essays : Chapter One – Luke the Drifter and the Secrets of Country" (Txt). Retrieved March 6, 2016.  ^ "Selected Writings @ The Hiram King and the Secrets of Country". October 2, 1954. Retrieved March 6, 2016.  ^ Beal, Richard (February 9, 2011). "Hank Williams". Retrieved March 6, 2016.  ^ "Hank Williams - 40 Greatest Hits". Archived from the original on December 29, 2014. Retrieved December 29, 2014.  ^ Koon, George William 1983, p. 4. ^ Koon, George William 1983, p. 6. ^ Flippo, Chet 1985, p. 12. ^ Williams, Roger M 1981, p. 7. ^ a b c Koon, George William 1983, p. 10. ^ Williams, Roger M 1981, p. 9. ^ Williams, Roger M 1981, p. 26. ^ Williams, Roger M 1981, p. 18. ^ Williams, Roger M 1981, p. 13. ^ Williams, Roger M 1981, p. 14. ^ Williams, Roger M 1981, p. 27. ^ Hemphill, Paul 2005, p. 17. ^ Koon, George William 1983, p. 13. ^ Lipsitz, George 1994, p. 26. ^ Brackett, David 2000, p. 98. ^ Dicaire, David 2007, p. p. 124. ^ "Rufus Payne, 1884–1939". The Alabama Historical Association. The Alabama Historical Association. January 11, 2010. Archived from the original on February 14, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2011.  ^ Koon, George William 1983, p. 16. ^ Browne, Ray Broadus (2005). Profiles of Popular Culture: A Reader. Popular Press. p. 66. ISBN 978-0-87972-869-4.  ^ a b Koon, George William 1983, p. 153. ^ Koon, George William 1983, p. 16, 17. ^ a b Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2018.  ^ Koon, George William 1983, p. 11. ^ Hemphill, Paul 2005, p. 34. ^ Hemphill, Paul 2005, p. 39. ^ Cusic, Don 2008, p. 61. ^ Hemphill, Paul 2005, p. 40. ^ Lipsitz, George 1994, p. 27. ^ Lipsitz, George 1994, p. 28. ^ Koon, George William 1983, p. 19. ^ Williams, Roger M 1981, p. 42. ^ a b Cusic, Don p.61 ^ Koon, George William 1983, p. 111. ^ Williams, Roger M 1981, p. 42, 59. ^ Williams, Roger M 1981, p. 59. ^ Williams, Roger M 1981, p. 60. ^ Young, William H.; Young, Nancy K. 2010, p. 234. ^ Williams, Roger M 1981, p. 70, 71. ^ a b Gilliland, John (1969). "Show 9 – Tennessee Firebird: American country music before and after Elvis. [Part 1]" (audio). Pop Chronicles. University of North Texas Libraries.  ^ Keillor, Garrison. "Long Gone Daddy: A Biography of Hank Williams, Country Music's Tragic Hero". New York Times September 25, 2005: G18. ^ Browne, Pat 2001, p. p. 913. ^ "Hank Williams Sr. makes his Grand Ole Opry debut". Retrieved March 7, 2011.  ^ a b c "Hank Williams Biography". AOL Music. AOL. Archived from the original on September 29, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2011.  ^ Evans, Mike 2006, p. 15. ^ Young, William H.; Young, Nancy K. 2010, p. 235. ^ a b Ching, Barbara 2003, p. p. 55. ^ Williams, Roger M 1981, p. 127. ^ Bernstein, Cynthia; Nunnally, Thomas; Sabino, Robin 1997, p. 250. ^ Peppiatt, Francesca 2004, p. 82. ^ "The Year's Top Country and Western Records". Billboard. January 13, 1951. p. 9.  ^ Whitburn, Joel 1991, p. 26. ^ a b Koon, George William 1983, p. 153, 154. ^ Wolff, Kurt 2000, p. 160. ^ Lornell, Kip; Laird, Tracey 2008, p. p. 82. ^ a b c Koon, George William 1983, p. 70. ^ Koon, George William 1983, p. 74. ^ Williams, Roger M 1981, p. 96. ^ Koon, George William 1983, p. XII. ^ Williams, Hilary; Roberts, Mary Beth 2010, p. 127. ^ a b c Celon, Curtis 1995, p. 80. ^ Williams, Roger M 1981, p. 46. ^ Weston, Paul (June 28, 2012). Song of the Open Road: An Autobiography and Other Writings. BearManor Media. p. 195. ISBN 978-1-59393-287-9.  ^ Tharpe, Jim (July 2, 2013). "Hank Williams' last ride: Driver recalls lonesome end". Retrieved June 13, 2016.  ^ Lilly, John. "Hank's Lost Charleston Show". West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Retrieved March 8, 2011.  ^ Olson, Ted 2004, p. 296. ^ Olson, Ted 2004, p. 298. ^ Olson, Ted 2004, p. 300. ^ Olson, Ted 2004, p. 303. ^ Koon, George William 1983, p. 79. ^ Olson, Ted 2004, p. 306. ^ Escott, Colin; Merritt, George; MacEwen, William 1994, p. 243. ^ Stanton, Scott 2003, p. p. 262. ^ a b Peterson, Richard A. 1997, p. 182. ^ Sheckler Finch, Jackie 2011, p. 72, 73. ^ Hank Williams Trail Brochure. Alabama Tourism Department. Alabama Tourism Department. Retrieved March 14, 2011.  ^ Koon, George William; p. 161. ^ Windham, Kathryn Tucker 2007, p. 33. ^ George-Warren, Holly; Romanowski, Patricia; Romanowski Bashe, Patricia; Pareles, Jon 2001, p. 1066. ^ "Hank Williams – Hollywood Walk of Fame". Walk of Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. January 28, 2013.  ^ "Full List of Inductees – Hank Williams". The Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum. Country Music Foundation, Inc. Archived from the original on October 26, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011.  ^ "1985 Inductee: Lifework Award for Performing Achievement". The Alabama Music Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on February 13, 2003. Retrieved October 4, 2011.  ^ Williams, Roger M 1981, p. 140. ^ Caress, Jay p. 228 ^ "Hank Williams". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum, Inc. Retrieved March 15, 2011.  ^ "CMT 40 Greatest Men of Country Music". CMT. Retrieved March 14, 2011.  ^ "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". Rolling Stone Issue 946.  ^ "Elvis Presley". AllMusic. Retrieved March 14, 2011.  ^ "Hank Williams". AllMusic. Retrieved March 14, 2011.  ^ "Gene Vincent". AllMusic. Retrieved March 14, 2011.  ^ "Carl Perkins". AllMusic. Retrieved March 14, 2011.  ^ "Ricky Nelson". AllMusic. Retrieved March 14, 2011.  ^ "Jack Scott". AllMusic. Retrieved March 14, 2011.  ^ "Conway Twitty". AllMusic. Retrieved March 14, 2011.  ^ "Hank Williams receives additional Grammy Recognition as "Lovesick Blues" inducted into Grammy Hall of Fame". Rodeo Attitude official website. Rodeo Attitude, LLC. Retrieved March 14, 2011.  ^ "The Beatles' catalogue wins 'Best Historical Album' Grammy". WMMR. Greater Media. February 14, 2011. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2011.  ^ "Hank Williams: Native American group Inducts Him". Herald-Journal. November 9, 1999. Retrieved June 25, 2010.  ^ a b "The 2010 Pulitzer Prize Winners Special Awards and Citations". Official Pulitzer Awards Website. Columbia University. April 12, 2010. Archived from the original on July 24, 2010. Retrieved November 10, 2011.  ^ "New exhibit explores Hank Williams' family legacy". Yahoo!. Associated Press. April 17, 2008. Archived from the original on March 18, 2013. Retrieved March 14, 2011.  ^ Flippo, Chet (August 25, 2011). "Nashville Skyline: Hank Williams' Life After Death". Country Music Television. MTV Networks. Retrieved September 6, 2011.  ^ "The Lost Notebooks of Hank Williams to be released in October". Archived from the original on September 24, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011.  ^ Koon, George William 1983, pp. 153–154. ^ "Health and Happiness Show". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved May 26, 2014.  ^ Flippo, Chet (September 15, 2011). "Nashville Skyline: Johnny Cash and Hank Williams: Got Some More Music Here". Country Music Television, Inc. Retrieved May 26, 2014.  ^ "Hear a newly discovered Hank Williams performance". USA Today. March 28, 2014.  ^ "Six Decades Later, A Long-Lost Hank Williams Recording Resurfaces". National Public Radio. May 18, 2014. Retrieved May 19, 2014.  ^ "Newly Discovered Hank! 'The Garden Spot Programs' 1950". American Standard Time. May 24, 2014.  ^ Sean Michaels (June 13, 2014). "Tom Hiddleston played country icon Hank Williams in biopic". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved June 16, 2014.  ^ "File Action to Untangle Hank Williams Estate". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media: 15. May 23, 1953. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved March 13, 2011.  ^ Koon, George William 1983, p. 247. ^ Hilbourn, Robert (October 28, 2008). "There's Plenty Cookin'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 14, 2011.  ^ Mike Ragogna (November 11, 2011). "Mother's Best, Hank's Best: A Conversation With Jett Williams and the Students". The Huffington Post. AOL, Inc.  ^ Jan DeKnock (February 16, 1990). "Who'll Win The Grammys? And the Grammy nominees are ...". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Company. p. 37.  Works cited[edit] Books[edit] Bernstein, Cynthia; Nunnally, Thomas; Sabino, Robin (1997). Language variety in the South revisited. University of Alabama Press. ISBN 978-0-8173-0882-7.  Brackett, David (2000). Interpreting popular music. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-22541-1.  Browne, Pat (2001). The guide to United States popular culture. Popular Press. ISBN 978-0-87972-821-2. Retrieved March 6, 2011.  Celon, Curtis (1995). Country music culture: from hard times to Heaven. Univ. Press of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1-60473-934-3. Retrieved March 8, 2011.  Ching, Barbara (2003). Wrong's What I Do Best: Hard Country Music and Contemporary Culture. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-516942-3. Retrieved March 7, 2011.  Cusic, Don (2008). Discovering country music. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-35245-4.  Dicaire, David (2007). The first generation of country music stars: biographies of 50 artists born before 1940. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-3021-5.  Escott, Colin; Merritt, George; MacEwen, William (1994). Hank Williams: The Biography. Hachette Digital, Inc. p. 307. ISBN 0-316-24986-6.  Evans, Mike (2006). Country Music Facts, Figures & Fun. AAPPL. ISBN 978-1-904332-53-4.  George-Warren, Holly; Romanowski, Patricia; Romanowski Bashe, Patricia; Pareles, Jon (2001). The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll. Fireside. ISBN 978-0-7432-0120-9.  Flippo, Chet (1985). Your cheatin' heart:a biography of Hank Williams. Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-385-19737-3.  Hemphill, Paul (2005). Lovesick Blues: The Life of Hank Williams. New York: Penguin Group. ISBN 0-670-03414-2.  Koon, George William (1983). Hank Williams, so lonesome. University of Mississippi press. ISBN 978-1-57806-283-6. Retrieved March 6, 2011.  Lipsitz, George (1994). Rainbow at midnight: labor and culture in the 1940s. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-06394-7.  Lornell, Kip; Laird, Tracey, Kip (2008). Shreveport sounds in black and white. Univ. Press of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1-60473-303-7. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Olson, Ted (2004). Crossroads: A Southern Culture Annual. Mercer University Press. ISBN 978-0-86554-866-4. Retrieved March 8, 2011.  Peppiatt, Francesca (2004). Country Music's Most Wanted: The Top 10 Book of Cheatin' Hearts, Honky-Tonk Tragedies, and Music City Oddities. Brassey's. ISBN 978-1-57488-593-4. Retrieved March 7, 2011.  Peterson, Richard A. (1997). Creating country music: fabricating authenticity. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-66284-8. Retrieved March 8, 2011.  Sheckler Finch, Jackie (2011). It Happened in Alabama. Globe Pequot. ISBN 978-0-7627-6113-5.  Stanton, Scott (2003). The tombstone tourist: musicians. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7434-6330-0. Retrieved March 13, 2011.  Williams, Hilary; Roberts, Mary Beth (2010). Sign of Life: A Story of Family, Tragedy, Music, and Healing. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-81913-1.  Williams, Roger M (1981). Sing a sad song: the life of Hank Williams. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-00861-0. Retrieved March 6, 2011.  Windham, Kathryn Tucker (2007). Alabama, One Big Front Porch. NewSouth Books. ISBN 978-1-58838-219-1.  Whitburn, Joel (1991). Joel Whitburn Presents Billboard #1s, 1950–1991: A Week-by-week Record of Billboard's #1 Hits. Record Research. ISBN 978-0-89820-080-5.  Wolff, Kurt (2000). Country Music: The Rough Guide ; [the Complete Guide to Country Music, the Artists, the Songs, and the Stories Behind Them]. Rough Guides. ISBN 978-1-85828-534-4.  Young, William H.; Young, Nancy K. (2010). World War II and the Postwar Years in America: A Historical and Cultural Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-35652-0.  Journals[edit] "The Year's Top Country & Western Artists/The Year's Top Country & Western Records". The Billboard: 19. January 13, 1951. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved March 7, 2011.  Nielsen Business Media, Inc (May 23, 1953). "File Action to Untangle Hank Williams Estate". The Billboard: 15. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved March 13, 2011. 

Further reading[edit] Caress, Jay (1979). Hank Williams: Country Music's Tragic King. New York: Stein and Day. ISBN 978-0-8128-2583-1. OCLC 4492866.  Williams, Lycrecia; Dale Vinicur (1989). Still in Love with You: Hank and Audrey Williams. Nashville, Tenn.: Rutledge Hill Press. ISBN 978-1-55853-105-5. OCLC 42469829.  Rivers, Jerry (1967). Thurston Moore, ed. Hank Williams: From Life to Legend. Denver: Heather Enterprises. LCCN 67030642. OCLC 902165. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hank Williams. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Hank Williams Hank Williams on IMDb Hank Williams at AllMusic Hank Williams at Find a Grave Listing of all Hank Williams' songs and alternatives "Hank Williams". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.  Hank Williams 1923–1953 at Library of Congress Authorities, with 127 catalog records v t e Hank Williams Discography Songs Albums Hank Williams Sings Hank Williams on Stage Three Hanks: Men with Broken Hearts The Complete Hank Williams Memorial Album Songs "Move It On Over" "Honky Tonkin'" "I Saw the Light" "Lovesick Blues" "Mind Your Own Business" "Lost Highway" "My Bucket's Got a Hole in It" "I'm So Lonesome I Could Cry" "Long Gone Lonesome Blues" "Why Don't You Love Me" "Cold, Cold Heart" "Hey, Good Lookin'" "Honky Tonk Blues" "Half as Much" "Jambalaya (On the Bayou)" "You Win Again" "I'll Never Get Out of This World Alive" "Kaw-Liga" "Your Cheatin' Heart" "Take These Chains from My Heart" "The Blues Come Around" "Six More Miles (To the Graveyard)" "I'm Satisfied with You" "The Pale Horse and His Rider" Family Hank Williams Jr. Jett Williams Hank Williams III Holly Williams Related articles Death of Hank Williams List of tributes to Hank Williams Drifting Cowboys Sterling Records MGM Records Grand Ole Opry The Lost Notebooks of Hank Williams The Garden Spot Programs, 1950 Rufus Payne v t e Members of the Grand Ole Opry Roy Acuff Trace Adkins David "Stringbean" Akeman Bill Anderson Jack Anglin Eddy Arnold Ernest Ashworth Chet Atkins DeFord Bailey Bobby Bare Bashful Brother Oswald Humphrey Bate Dierks Bentley Binkley Brothers' Dixie Clodhoppers Clint Black Margie Bowes Rod Brasfield Garth Brooks Jim Ed Brown The Browns Carl Butler and Pearl Archie Campbell Bill Carlisle Martha Carson The Carter Sisters Maybelle Carter Johnny Cash June Carter Cash Roy Clark Terri Clark Zeke Clements Patsy Cline Jerry Clower John Conlee Stoney Cooper Wilma Lee Cooper Cowboy Copas Dailey & Vincent Charlie Daniels Skeeter Davis The Delmore Brothers The DeZurik Sisters Diamond Rio Little Jimmy Dickens Joe Diffie Danny Dill Jimmy Driftwood Roy Drusky The Duke of Paducah Holly Dunn The Everly Brothers Lester Flatt Red Foley Curly Fox Lefty Frizzell Larry Gatlin Crystal Gayle Don Gibson Vince Gill Billy Grammer Jack Greene The Gully Jumpers Theron Hale Tom T. Hall George Hamilton IV Sid Harkreader Emmylou Harris Hawkshaw Hawkins George D. Hay Hoot Hester Goldie Hill David Houston Jan Howard Ferlin Husky Alan Jackson Stonewall Jackson Sonny James Chris Janson Norma Jean Jim & Jesse Johnnie & Jack George Jones Grandpa Jones The Jordanaires Doug Kershaw Hal Ketchum Bradley Kincaid Pee Wee King Alison Krauss Little Big Town Hank Locklin Lonzo and Oscar Bobby Lord The Louvin Brothers Charlie Louvin Ira Louvin Patty Loveless Bob Luman Loretta Lynn Uncle Dave Macon Rose Maddox Barbara Mandrell Kerry Marx Martina McBride Del McCoury Mel McDaniel Reba McEntire McGee Brothers Jesse McReynolds Ronnie Milsap Bill Monroe Montgomery Gentry Craig Morgan George Morgan Lorrie Morgan Moon Mullican Willie Nelson Jimmy C. Newman The Oak Ridge Boys Old Crow Medicine Show Osborne Brothers Brad Paisley Dolly Parton Johnny Paycheck Minnie Pearl Stu Phillips Webb Pierce Ray Pillow Ray Price Charley Pride Jeanne Pruett Rascal Flatts Del Reeves Jim Reeves Riders in the Sky Tex Ritter Marty Robbins Darius Rucker Johnny Russell Rusty and Doug Earl Scruggs Jeannie Seely Blake Shelton Ricky Van Shelton Jean Shepard Ricky Skaggs Mississippi Slim Carl Smith Connie Smith Fiddlin' Arthur Smith Mike Snider Hank Snow Red Sovine Ralph Stanley Marty Stuart Texas Ruby B. J. Thomas Uncle Jimmy Thompson Mel Tillis Pam Tillis Tompall & the Glaser Brothers Randy Travis Travis Tritt Ernest Tubb Justin Tubb Josh Turner Carrie Underwood Keith Urban Leroy Van Dyke Porter Wagoner Billy Walker Charlie Walker Steve Wariner Kitty Wells Dottie West The Whites Slim Whitman The Wilburn Brothers Don Williams Hank Williams Boxcar Willie The Willis Brothers Chubby Wise Del Wood Marion Worth Johnnie Wright Tammy Wynette Trisha Yearwood Chris Young Faron Young v t e Country Music Hall of Fame 1960s Jimmie Rodgers (1961) Fred Rose (1961) Hank Williams (1961) Roy Acuff (1962) Tex Ritter (1964) Ernest Tubb (1965) Eddy Arnold (1966) James R. "Jim" Denny (1966) George D. Hay (1966) Uncle Dave Macon (1966) Red Foley (1967) J.L. (Joe) Frank (1967) Jim Reeves (1967) Stephen H. Sholes (1967) Bob Wills (1968) Gene Autry (1969) v t e Pulitzer Prize Special Citations and Awards (Arts) Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II for Oklahoma! (1944) Roger Sessions (1974) Scott Joplin (1976) Milton Babbitt (1982) William Schuman (1985) George Gershwin (1998) Duke Ellington (1999) Thelonious Monk (2006) John Coltrane (2007) Bob Dylan (2008) Hank Williams (2010) Complete list (Journalism) (Letters) (Arts) (Service) v t e Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Class of 1987 Performers The Coasters (Carl Gardner, Cornell Gunter, Billy Guy, Dub Jones) Eddie Cochran Bo Diddley Aretha Franklin Marvin Gaye Bill Haley B.B. King Clyde McPhatter Ricky Nelson Roy Orbison Carl Perkins Smokey Robinson Big Joe Turner Muddy Waters Jackie Wilson Early influences Louis Jordan T-Bone Walker Hank Williams Non-performers (Ahmet Ertegun Award) Leonard Chess Ahmet Ertegün Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller Jerry Wexler Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 49409807 LCCN: n81140112 ISNI: 0000 0000 7357 7397 GND: 119235293 SUDOC: 088781127 BNF: cb13901187j (data) MusicBrainz: 906bddec-bc73-49f8-ac1e-eaee691c6cf9 NLA: 35813497 NDL: 00621651 NKC: xx0015476 BNE: XX1030185 SNAC: w6fj2f49 Retrieved from "" Categories: Hank Williams1923 births1953 deaths20th-century American singersAlabama RepublicansSidney Lanier High School alumniAlcohol-related deaths in West VirginiaAmerican buskersAmerican country guitaristsAmerican country singersAmerican country singer-songwritersAmerican male singersAmerican people of English descentBaptists from the United StatesCountry Music Hall of Fame inducteesCountry musicians from AlabamaDrug-related deaths in West VirginiaGrammy Award winnersGrand Ole Opry membersMGM Records artistsMusicians from Montgomery, AlabamaPeople from Greenville, AlabamaPeople with spina bifidaPulitzer Prize winnersRock and Roll Hall of Fame inducteesSongwriters Hall of Fame inducteesAmerican acoustic guitaristsAmerican male guitaristsPeople from Butler County, AlabamaGuitarists from AlabamaYodelersAmerican people of Cherokee descentNative American musicians20th-century American guitaristsHidden categories: Use mdy dates from June 2016Articles with hCardsBiography with signatureArticles with hAudio microformatsCS1 maint: Multiple names: authors listFind a Grave template with ID same as WikidataWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiersWikipedia articles with NLA identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiersGood articles

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This Is A Good Article. Follow The Link For More Information.Hank Williams (disambiguation)Butler County, AlabamaOak Hill, West VirginiaHeart FailurePrescription Drug AbuseAudrey WilliamsBillie Jean JonesHank Williams, Jr.Jett WilliamsHank Williams IIIHolly WilliamsCountry MusicWestern Music (North America)Honky-tonkRockabillyFolk MusicBlues MusicGospel MusicSterling Records (US)MGM RecordsDrifting CowboysAudrey WilliamsHank Williams JrLefty FrizzellStonewall JacksonJerry ByrdRay Price (musician)Hank SnowHank Thompson (musician)Butler County, AlabamaGeorgiana, AlabamaRufus PayneRoy AcuffErnest TubbMontgomery, AlabamaWLWI (AM)Drifting CowboysConscription In The United StatesWorld War IIAudrey WilliamsSterling Records (US)MGM RecordsMove It On Over (song)Louisiana HayrideLovesick BluesGrand Ole OpryMusical NotationYour Cheatin' HeartHey, Good Lookin' (song)I'm So Lonesome I Could CryHeart FailureDeath Of Hank WilliamsCountry MusicElvis PresleyBob DylanThe Rolling StonesCountry Music Hall Of Fame And MuseumSongwriters Hall Of FameRock And Roll Hall Of Fame And MuseumEnlargeGeorgiana, AlabamaButler County, AlabamaRailroad EngineerWorld War IFreemasonryOrder Of The Eastern StarHiram ISpina Bifida OccultaSpinal ColumnAlcohol AbuseDrug AbuseParalysisUnited States Department Of Veterans AffairsPensacola, FloridaBrain AneurysmAlexandria, LouisianaGreenville, AlabamaBoarding HouseButler County, AlabamaGeorgiana, AlabamaGreat DepressionCanneryJ. Lister HillDisability PensionFile:MyBucket'sGotAHoleIn.oggWikipedia:Media HelpRufus PayneMy Bucket's Got A Hole In ItJimmie Rodgers (country Singer)Moon MullicanRoy AcuffPhysical EducationMontgomery, AlabamaEnlargeBoarding HouseRiley PuckettSilvertone (instruments)WLWI (AM)Drifting CowboysSteel GuitarFlorida PanhandleHonky-tonkWorld War IIConscription In The United States4F (military Conscription)Grand Ole OpryRoy AcuffMobile, AlabamaAudrey WilliamsMedicine ShowBanks, AlabamaAndalusia, AlabamaEnlargeLet's Turn Back The YearsGrand Ole OpryAcuff-Rose MusicFred Rose (songwriter)Sterling Records (US)Never Again (Will I Knock On Your Door)Honky Tonkin'File:Lovesick Blues Hank Williams.oggLovesick BluesGrand Ole OpryWikipedia:Media HelpMGM RecordsMove It On Over (song)Shreveport, LouisianaLouisiana HayrideKWKHCliff FriendIrving MillsLovesick BluesRex GriffinMainstreamEncore (concert)Hillous ButrumDouble BassJerry RiversFiddleDon HelmsSteel GuitarHank Williams Jr.AzoresFile:Beyond The Sunset Hank Williams.oggWikipedia:Media HelpPipe OrganEnlargeMy Son Calls Another Man DaddyThey'll Never Take Her Love From MeWhy Should We Try AnymoreNobody's Lonesome For MeLong Gone Lonesome BluesWhy Don't You Love Me (Hank Williams Song)Moanin' The BluesI Just Don't Like This Kind Of LivingDear John (Hank Williams Song)A-side And B-sideCold, Cold HeartTony BennettHadacolBob HopeBig Bill ListerPerry ComoVanderbilt University Medical CenterRay Price (musician)The Kate Smith ShowI Saw The Light (Hank Williams Song)I Can't Help It (If I'm Still In Love With You)Anita CarterJett WilliamsBillie Jean HortonFaron YoungKWKHWBAMKaw-Liga (song)Your Cheatin' HeartTake These Chains From My HeartOklahoma CityOklahoma State PenitentiaryDoctor Of ScienceAmphetaminesSeconalChloral HydrateMorphineHank Williams Jr.Half As MuchJambalaya (On The Bayou)You Win Again (Hank Williams Song)Jett WilliamsBillie Jean JonesMinden, LouisianaDwight D. EisenhowerJo StaffordUnited States Presidential Election, 1952Death Of Hank WilliamsEnlargeCharleston Municipal AuditoriumCharleston, West VirginiaCanton, OhioAndrew Johnson BuildingChloral HydrateVitamin B12MorphineBristol, VirginiaOak Hill, West VirginiaRigor MortisAutopsyHawkshaw HawkinsMetro-Goldwyn-MayerI'll Never Get Out Of This World AliveYour Cheatin' Heart (film)George Hamilton (actor)EnlargeHollywood Walk Of FameRoy AcuffGeorge StraitGordon PersonsCramton BowlFerlin HuskyHot Country SongsLovesick BluesLong Gone Lonesome BluesWhy Don't You Love Me (Hank Williams Song)Moanin' The BluesCold, Cold HeartHey, Good Lookin' (song)Jambalaya (On The Bayou)I'll Never Get Out Of This World AliveKaw-Liga (song)Your Cheatin' HeartTake These Chains From My HeartEnlargeHollywood Walk Of FameCountry Music Hall Of FameAlabama Music Hall Of FameRock And Roll Hall Of FameCountry Music TelevisionJohnny CashRolling StoneI'm So Lonesome I Could CryElvis PresleyBob DylanJerry Lee LewisMerle HaggardGene VincentCarl PerkinsRicky NelsonJack Scott (singer)Conway TwittyNative American Music AwardsPulitzer PrizeJett WilliamsHank Williams IIIHolly WilliamsSony/ATV Music PublishingBob DylanAlan JacksonNorah JonesJack White (musician)Lucinda WilliamsVince GillRodney CrowellPatty LovelessLevon HelmJakob DylanSheryl CrowMerle HaggardThe Lost Notebooks Of Hank WilliamsAlexander's Ragtime BandNew San Antonio RoseSt. Louis BluesMarch Of DimesThe Garden Spot Programs, 1950KSIB (AM)Creston, IowaMichael Graves (audio Engineer)Omnivore RecordingsTom HiddlestonI Saw The Light (film)Marc AbrahamAcuff-Rose MusicAtlantaTennessee Court Of AppealsHank Williams JrJett WilliamsPolygram RecordsTime-LifeList Of Tributes To Hank WilliamsGrammy Award For Best Country Collaboration With VocalsThere's A Tear In My BeerGrammyHank Williams Jr.Country Music Association AwardsAcademy Of Country MusicPulitzer PrizeHank Williams DiscographyList Of Songs Written By Hank WilliamsAlabama Historical 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