Contents 1 Development 2 Design 2.1 General characteristics 2.2 Armament 2.3 Armor 3 Construction and cancellation 4 Footnotes 5 Endnotes 6 References


Development[edit] Georgios Averof, acquired in 1909, was the first major component of Greece's rearmament program Following the Greco-Turkish War of 1897, during which the Ottoman fleet had proved incapable of challenging Greece's navy for control of the Aegean Sea, the Ottomans began a naval expansion program, initially rebuilding several old ironclad warships into more modern vessels.[1] In response, the Greek government decided in 1905 to rebuild its fleet, which at that time was centered on the three Hydra-class ironclads of 1880s vintage. Beginning in 1908, the Greek Navy sought design proposals from foreign shipyards. Tenders from Vickers, of Britain, for small, 8,000-metric-ton (7,900-long-ton; 8,800-short-ton) battleships were not taken up.[2] In 1911, a constitutional change in Greece allowed the government to hire naval experts from other countries, which led to the invitation of a British naval mission to advise the navy on its rearmament program. The British officers recommended a program of two 12,000-metric-ton (12,000-long-ton; 13,000-short-ton) battleships and a large armored cruiser; offers from Vickers and Armstrong-Whitworth were submitted for the proposed battleships. The Vickers design was for a smaller ship armed with nine 10-inch (254 mm) guns, while Armstrong-Whitworth proposed a larger ship armed with 14-inch (356 mm) guns. The Greek government did not pursue these proposals. Later in the year, Vickers issued several proposals for smaller vessels like those it had designed in 1908.[3] The initial step in the Greek rearmament program was completed with the purchase of the Italian-built armored cruiser Georgios Averof in October 1909.[4] The Ottomans, in turn, purchased two German pre-dreadnought battleships, Kurfürst Friedrich Wilhelm and Weissenburg,[A] amplifying the naval arms race between the two countries.[6] The Greek Navy attempted to buy two older French battleships, and when that purchase failed to materialize, they tried unsuccessfully to buy a pair of British battleships. They then tried to buy ships from the United States, but were rebuffed due to concerns that such a sale would alienate the Ottomans, with whom the Americans had significant industrial and commercial interests.[7] The Ottomans ordered the dreadnought Reşadiye in August 1911, threatening Greek control of the Aegean. The Greeks were faced with a choice of conceding the arms race, or ordering new capital ships of their own.[8] Reşadiye, after entering Royal Navy service as HMS Erin, prompted the order for Salamis Rear Admiral Lionel Grant Tufnell, the head of a British naval mission to Greece, advocated purchasing another armored cruiser like Gerogios Averof, along with several smaller vessels, and allocating funds to modernizing the Greek naval base at Salamis; this proposal was supported by Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos, who sought to control naval spending in the tight Greek budget projected for 1912. The plan came to nothing, as the Greek government waited for the arrival of British advisers for the Salamis project.[9] In early 1912, the Greek Navy convened a committee that would be in charge of acquiring a new capital ship to counter Reşadiye, initially conceived as a battlecruiser. The new ship would be limited to a displacement of 13,000 metric tons (13,000 long tons; 14,000 short tons), since that was the largest vessel the floating dry dock in Piraeus could accommodate. The program was finalized in March, and along with the new battlecruiser, the Greeks invited tenders for destroyers, torpedo boats, submarines, and a depot ship to support them.[10] Ten British, four French, three German, three American, one Austrian, and two Italian shipyards all submitted proposals for these contracts,[10] with Britain's Vickers and Armstrong-Whitworth submitting the same designs proposed in 1911.[11] Tufnell was part of the committee overseeing the process, but found that the Greeks strongly opposed the British designs. Vickers eventually withdrew from the competition, and the cost of Armstrong's proposal was higher than other proposals. Still, the British had hopes of obtaining the contract due to the relationship between the Greek and British navies, reflected by the number of British officers that had been seconded to the Greek Navy in recent years. French yards, on the other hand, complained that the British were unfairly benefiting from the presence of their naval mission.[12] During the competition, the Greek Navy decided that Vickers' hull design was best, but American guns, ammunition, and armor were superior to any of the British designs.[13] In the end, neither got the contracts, as negotiations between Venizelos and the German Minister to Greece eventually secured the contracts for Germany.[14][B] In June 1912, the Greek Navy selected tenders from Germany's AG Vulcan for two destroyers and six torpedo boats, to be completed in just three to four months. This exceptionally short timeframe was accomplished through the help of the German Navy, which allowed the Greeks to take over German ships then being constructed. The contract price was evidently low, as one British firm complained that they could not understand how Vulcan would make a profit. Then, one month later, the Greeks selected Vulcan again for the construction of their battlecruiser, with its armor and armament coming from Bethlehem Steel in the United States. British firms were furious, again alleging that it would be impossible for Vulcan to make a profit on the contract, and surmising that the German government was subsidizing the purchase to get a foothold in the shipbuilding market. The Greeks, for their part, countered that the British manufacturers were colluding to keep armor plate prices high, and so they were able to significantly decrease their costs by ordering the ship's armor in the United States.[15]


Design[edit] Top: An early version of the ship's design. Bottom: Line drawing of Salamis's final design. The initial design called for a ship 458 ft (140 m) long with a beam of 72 ft (22 m), a draft of 24 ft (7.3 m), and a displacement of 13,500 t (13,300 long tons; 14,900 short tons). The ship was designed with 2-shaft turbines rated at 26,000 shp for a top speed of 21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph). The armament was to be six 14-inch (356 mm) guns in twin turrets all on the centerline with one amidships, eight 6 in (152 mm), eight 3 in (76 mm), and four 37 mm (1.5 in) guns, and two 45 cm (18 in) torpedo tubes.[16] The design was revised several times. In mid-1912, as tensions were developing that led to the First Balkan War, the Greek Navy began serious efforts to increase its strength. In August, they were seeking only minor alterations in the ship design, but early naval operations during the war convinced the naval command of the advantages a larger ship would provide.[17] Tufnell suggested a different reason for the design changes, accusing the Germans of offering a cheap but unseaworthy design, obtaining the contract, then making a push for a more expensive but also more practical design.[18] Hovering over all of these was the possibility that the dreadnoughts of the South American dreadnought race could be put up for sale, a prospect both countries pursued. Two, from Brazil, were already completed, and a third was under construction in Britain. Another two, for Argentina, were being built in the United States. Naval historian Paul G. Halpern wrote of this situation that "the sudden acquisition by a single power of all or even some of these ships might have been enough to tip a delicate balance of power such as that which prevailed in the Mediterranean." Both the Greeks and Ottomans were reportedly interested in the Argentine ships,[19] and Venizelos attempted to buy one of the Rivadavia-class battleships then being built in the United States for the Argentine Navy as an alternative to redesigning Salamis, in the process delaying her completion.[20] When the Argentine government refused to sell the ship, he agreed to redesigning Salamis, and a committee that included Greek and British naval officers was created to revise the design. The committee favored a 16,500 t (16,200 long tons; 18,200 short tons) design, but Hubert Searle Cardale, the only member of the British mission drawn from the Royal Navy's active list, proposed an increase to 19,500 t (19,200 long tons; 21,500 short tons), since the increase would allow for a substantially more powerful vessel.[17] Venizelos initially approved an increase in displacement to 16,500 MT, but he opposed any further increases. The Foreign Minister, Lambros Koromilas, and the Speaker of the Parliament, Nikolaos Stratos, conspired to have the larger proposal adopted while Venizelos was attending the peace conference that resulted in the Treaty of London. Koromilas and Stratos misrepresented Venizelos' position to the rest of the cabinet and secured their approval for the new contract.[20] Koromilas' and Stratos' deception proved effective, and the enlarged proposal was adopted on 23 December 1912. The most significant changes were a 50% increase in displacement, the addition of a fourth twin-gun turret, and the arrangement of the main battery in superfiring pairs. The ship was to be delivered to the Greek Navy by March 1915, at a cost of £1,693,000.[16] M. K. Barnett, writing for Scientific American, remarked that the ship would "not mark any particular advance in warship design, being, rather, an effort to combine the greatest defensive and offensive qualities with the least cost."[21] The Journal of the American Society of Naval Engineers, however, believed that the ship was designed for speed and firepower at the expensive of heavy defensive armor.[22] Upon his return, Venizelos attempted to have the new contract cancelled, but Vulcan refused, noting that "Prime Ministers rise and fall from power and the influence of Venizelos will not be enduring."[20] The order for Salamis, which has been referred to alternatively as a battleship or battlecruiser, made Greece the fourteenth and final country to order a dreadnought-type ship.[17][23] The modifications to the design came over the objections of the British, including Prince Louis of Battenberg and the new head of the British naval mission in Greece, Rear Admiral Mark Kerr. Battenberg wrote that a Greek purchase of modern capital ships would be "undesirable from every point of view", as the country's finances could not support them and the increasing power of torpedoes were making smaller ships more dangerous. Along much the same lines, Kerr suggested to Venizelos that a fleet built around smaller warships would be better suited for the constricted Aegean Sea. Strongly opposing these views were the Greek Navy and King Constantine I of Greece, both of whom desired a regular battle fleet, as they believed that it was the only way of assuring Greek naval superiority over the Ottomans.[24] General characteristics[edit] Salamis was 569 feet 11 inches (173.71 m) long at the waterline with a full flush deck, and had a beam of 81 ft (25 m) and a draft of 25 ft (7.6 m). The ship was designed to displace 19,500 t (19,200 long tons; 21,500 short tons). She would have been fitted with two tripod masts. Had the battleship been completed, she was to have been powered by three AEG steam turbines, each of which drove a propeller shaft. The turbines were supplied with steam by eighteen coal-fired Yarrow boilers. The boilers would have been ducted into two widely-spaced funnels. This would have provided Salamis with 40,000 shaft horsepower (30,000 kW) and a top speed of 23 knots (43 km/h; 26 mph).[16] This speed was significantly faster than the top speed of most contemporary battleships, 21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph),[25] which contributed to her classification as a battlecruiser. A large crane was to be installed between the funnels to handle the ship's boats.[16] Armament[edit] HMS Abercrombie, mounting one of the 14-inch turrets intended for Salamis The primary armament of the ship was to be eight 14 in (356 mm) /45 caliber guns mounted in four twin-gun turrets, all of which were built by Bethlehem Steel. Two turrets were to be mounted in a superfiring arrangement forward of the main superstructure, with the other two mounted similarly aft of the funnels.[16] These guns were capable of firing 1,400 lb (640 kg) armor-piercing or high-explosive shells. The shells were fired at a muzzle velocity of 2,570 feet per second (780 m/s). The guns proved to be highly resistant to wear in British service, though they suffered from significant barrel droop after around 250 shells had been fired through them, which contributed to poor accuracy after extended use. The turrets that housed the guns allowed for depression to −5° and elevation to 15°, and they were electrically operated.[26] There is some disagreement over the nature of the ship's intended secondary battery. According to Gardiner and Gray, the battery was to consist of twelve 6 in (152 mm) /50 caliber guns, also manufactured by Bethlehem, mounted in casemates amidships, six on either side.[16] These guns fired 105-pound (48 kg) projectiles at a muzzle velocity of 2,800 f/s (853 m/s).[27] According to Norman Friedman, these twelve guns were sold to Britain after the war broke out, where they were used to fortify the Grand Fleet's main base at Scapa Flow.[28] But Antony Preston disagrees, stating that the guns were to have been 5.5 in (140 mm) guns ordered from the Coventry Ordnance Works.[29] Salamis's armament was rounded out by twelve 75 mm (3.0 in) quick-firing guns, also mounted in casemates, and five 50 cm (20 in) submerged torpedo tubes.[16] Armor[edit] Salamis had an armored belt that was 9.875 in (250.8 mm) thick in the central section of the ship, where it protected critical areas, such as the ammunition magazines and machinery spaces. On either end of the ship, past the main battery gun turrets, the belt was decreased to 3.875 in (98.4 mm) thick; the height of the belt was also decreased in these areas. The main armored deck was 2.875 in (73.0 mm) in the central portion of the ship, and as with the belt armor, in less important areas the thickness was decreased to 1.5 in (38 mm). The main battery gun turrets were protected by 9.875-inch armor plate on the sides and face, and the barbettes in which they were placed were protected by the same thickness of armor. The conning tower was lightly armored, with only 1.25 in (32 mm) worth of protection.[16]


Construction and cancellation[edit] The keel for Salamis was laid down on 23 July 1913.[16] The naval balance of power in the Aegean, however, was soon to change. The Brazilian Navy put their third dreadnought (Rio de Janeiro) up for sale in October 1913, and they found no shortage of countries interested in acquiring it, including Russia, Italy, Greece, and the Ottoman Empire. The British and French were also highly involved, given their interests in the Mediterranean; in November, the French agreed to back Greece with a large loan as a way of preventing Italy from acquiring the ship. Moreover, the Greek consul general in Britain claimed that the Bank of England was prepared to advance all of the money needed to purchase the ship as soon as a French loan was guaranteed. Arrangements for all this took quite some time, however, and at the end of December, the Ottomans were able to secure Rio de Janeiro with a private loan from a French bank.[30][31] The purchase caused a panic in Greece, as the balance of naval power would shift to the Ottomans in the near future. The Greek government pressed AG Vulcan to finish Salamis as quickly as possible, but she could not be completed before mid-1915, by which time both of the new Ottoman battleships would have been delivered. The Greeks ordered two dreadnoughts from French yards, slightly modified versions of the French Bretagne-class battleship;[32] the first, Vasilefs Konstantinos, was laid down on 12 June 1914.[16] As a stopgap measure, they purchased a pair of pre-dreadnought battleships from the United States: Mississippi and Idaho, which became Kilkis and Lemnos, respectively.[33] Kerr criticized this purchase as "penny-wise and pound-foolish" for ships that were "entirely useless for war", carrying a price that could have paid for a brand-new dreadnought.[34] Unfinished battleship Salamis (far right) in Hamburg The outbreak of World War I in July 1914 drastically altered the situation; the British Government declared a naval blockade of Germany in August after it entered the war. The blockade meant that the guns could not be delivered, but the ship was nevertheless launched on 11 November 1914. With no possibility of arming the ship, work was halted on 31 December 1914.[16][35] In addition, manpower shortages created by the war, along with the redirection of steel production to the needs of the Army, meant that less critical projects could not be completed, especially since other warships were nearing completion and could be finished much more quickly.[36] By this time Greece had only paid AG Vulcan £450,000. Bethlehem refused to send the main battery guns to Greece. The 14-inch guns were instead sold to the British, who used them to arm the four Abercrombie-class monitors.[16][35] The wartime activities of the ship are unclear. According to a postwar report written for the Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute, the incomplete vessel was towed to Kiel, where she was used as a barracks ship.[37] The modern naval historian René Greger states that the incomplete hull never left Hamburg.[38] Some contemporary observers believed the ship had been completed for service with the German Navy, and British Admiral John Jellicoe, the commander of the Grand Fleet, received intelligence that the ship might have been in service by 1916.[39] Other observers, such as Barnett, pointed to the difficulty the German Navy would have had in rearming the ship with German guns, given the fact that Germany possessed no designs for naval guns of that caliber or mountings suitable for use aboard Salamis. He regarded the claim that she had been put into service "doubtful".[40] Barnett's assessment was correct; a substantial rebuilding of the ship's barbette structures would have been required to accommodate German guns, and since guns available for naval use were not easily available owing to the needs of the German Army, work was directed toward German vessels under construction like the battlecruiser Hindenburg.[41] The British realized the rumor was false when the ship did not appear at the Battle of Jutland on 31 May – 1 June 1916.[39] Regardless of the ship's wartime disposition, however, Proceedings noted in 1920 that it was "improbable" that construction would resume upon the ship.[37] Indeed, the Greek navy refused to accept the incomplete hull, and as a result AG Vulcan sued the Greek government in 1923. A lengthy arbitration ensued.[16] The Greek navy argued that the ship, which was designed in 1912, was now obsolete and that under the Treaty of Versailles it could not be armed by the German shipyard anyway. The Greeks requested that Vulcan return advance payments made before work had stopped. The dispute went before the Greco-German Mixed Arbitral Tribunal (established under Article 304 of the Treaty of Versailles), which dragged on throughout the 1920s. In 1924, a Dutch admiral was appointed by the tribunal to evaluate the Greek complaints, and he ultimately sided with Vulcan, probably in part due to Greek inquiries to Vulcan earlier that year as to the possibility of modernizing the design. Vulcan's response did not satisfy Greek requirements, so the proposal was dropped.[42] Yavuz, the ship Salamis was to counter In 1928, with the impending recommissioning of the Turkish battlecruiser Yavuz (ex-SMS Goeben), Greece considered responding positively to an offer from Vulcan to reach a compromise, one option being to complete and modernize Salamis. The cost of the ship would be absorbed by the war reparations Germany owed Greece for the years 1928 through 1930 and part of 1931. Admiral Periklis Argyropoulos, the Minister of Marine, wanted to accept the offer, pointing to a study by the General Staff that demonstrated that a modernized Salamis would be capable of defeating Yavuz owing to the heavier armor and more powerful main battery of the Greek ship. The British naval architect Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt issued a study in support of Argyropoulos, pointing out that Salamis would likely also be faster than Yavuz and would have a stronger anti-aircraft battery. Commander Andreas Kolialexis opposed acquiring Salamis, and he wrote a memorandum in mid-1929 to Venizelos, who was again the Prime Minister, where he argued that completing Salamis would take too long and that a fleet of torpedo-armed vessels, including submarines, would be preferable.[43] Venizelos determined that the cost of completing Salamis would be too high, since it would preclude the acquisition of destroyers or a powerful naval air arm. Instead, the two old pre-dreadnoughts Kilkis and Lemnos would be retained for coastal defense against Yavuz. This decision was reinforced by the onset of the Great Depression that year, which weakened Greece's already limited finances.[44] On 23 April 1932 the arbitrators determined that the Greek government owed AG Vulcan £30,000, and that AG Vulcan would be awarded the hull. The ship was broken up for scrap in Bremen that year.[16] The second Greek dreadnought, Vasilefs Konstantinos, met a similar fate. As with Salamis, work on the ship was halted by the outbreak of the war in July 1914, and in the aftermath the Greek government refused to pay for the unfinished ship as well.[23]


Footnotes[edit] ^ The ships were renamed Barbaros Hayreddin and Turgut Reis, respectively.[5] ^ The navy already had a favorable opinion of German warships, having ordered several destroyers that proved to be superior to British-built vessels. Venizelos, for his part, sought the prestige that an agreement with the German Kaiser (Emperor) Wilhelm II would bring—Wilhelm II was the brother of Sophia, the wife of the Greek King Constantine I.[14]


Endnotes[edit] ^ Langensiepen & Güleryüz, pp. 8–10 ^ Friedman (2015), p. 157 ^ Friedman (2015), pp. 157–158 ^ Gardiner & Gray, p. 385 ^ Sondhaus, p. 218 ^ Langensiepen & Güleryüz, pp. 16–17 ^ Fotakis (2005), p. 24 ^ Halpern, p. 324 ^ Fotakis, pp. 35–36 ^ a b Fotakis (2005), p. 36 ^ Fotakis (2005), p. 158 ^ Halpern, pp. 324–325 ^ Fotakis (2005), p. 37 ^ a b Fotakis (2005), pp. 37–38 ^ Halpern, pp. 326–327 ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Gardiner & Gray, p. 384 ^ a b c Fotakis (2005), p. 40 ^ Halpern, p. 327 ^ Halpern, pp. 330–332 ^ a b c Fotakis (2005), p. 41 ^ Barnett, p. 252 ^ "Battleship Salamis," p. 776 ^ a b Sondhaus, p. 220 ^ Halpern, pp. 334–338 ^ Gardiner & Gray, pp. 21–31, 144–149, 197–198, 303 ^ Friedman (2011), pp. 47–48 ^ Friedman (2011), pp. 180–181 ^ Friedman (2011), p. 88 ^ Preston, p. 166 ^ Halpern, pp. 339–341 ^ Topliss, p. 284 ^ Hough, pp. 71–79 ^ Hough, pp. 79, 84 ^ Halpern, p. 352 ^ a b Warren, p. 160 ^ Weir, pp. 128–130 ^ a b Underwood, p. 1501 ^ Greger, p. 250 ^ a b Jellicoe, p. 425 ^ Barnett, p. 251 ^ Anderson & Darnell, p. 170 ^ Fotakis (2010), pp. 4–5 ^ Fotakis (2010), pp. 21–22 ^ Fotakis (2010), pp. 23, 26


References[edit] Battleships portal Anderson, R. C.; Darnell, V. C. (1945). "The Salamis". The Mariner's Mirror. London: Society for Nautical Research. 45: 169–170. OCLC 614410103.  Barnett, M. K. (March–April 1915). "Recent German Naval Construction". Journal of the United States Artillery. 45 (2): 247–252. Bibcode:1915SciAm.113..484B. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican12041915-484.  Engineers, American Society of Naval (1913). "Battleship Salamis". Journal of the American Society of Naval Engineers. 25 (4): 775–776. ISSN 0099-7056.  Fotakis, E. (2010). "Greek Naval Policy and Strategy, 1923–1932" (PDF). Nausivios Chora: a Journal in Naval Sciences and Technology: 365–393. ISSN 1791-4469.  Fotakis, Zisis (2005). Greek Naval Strategy and Policy, 1910–1919. New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-35014-3.  Friedman, Norman (2011). Naval Weapons of World War I. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-84832-100-7.  Friedman, Norman (2015). The British Battleship: 1906–1946. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9781591142546.  Gardiner, Robert; Gray, Randal, eds. (1984). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1906–1922. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-907-3.  Greger, René (1993). Battleships of the World. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-069-X.  Halpern, Paul G (1971). The Mediterranean Naval Situation, 1908–1914. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0674564626.  Hough, Richard (1966). The Big Battleship. London: Michael Joseph. OCLC 8898108.  Jellicoe, John (1966). Patterson, A. Temple, ed. The Jellicoe Papers: Selections from the Private and Official Correspondence of Admiral of the Fleet Earl Jellicoe of Scapa. London: Navy Records Society. OCLC 925910847.  Langensiepen, Bernd & Güleryüz, Ahmet (1995). The Ottoman Steam Navy 1828–1923. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 978-0-85177-610-1.  Preston, Antony (1972). Battleships of World War I: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Battleships of All Nations, 1914–1918. London: Arms and Armour Press. OCLC 464384648.  Sondhaus, Lawrence (2001). Naval Warfare, 1815–1914. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-21478-0.  Topliss, David (1988). "The Brazilian Dreadnoughts, 1904–1914". Warship International. 25 (3): 240–89. OCLC 1647131.  Underwood, H. W. (1920). "Professional Notes". Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute. 46 (9): 1493–1539. OCLC 847977635.  Warren, Kenneth (2007). Industrial Genius: The Working Life of Charles Michael Schwab. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 978-0-8229-4326-6.  Weir, Gary (1992). Building the Kaiser's Navy. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1557509298.  v t e Battleships of the Greek Navy Kilkis Lemnos Salamis Vasilefs Konstantinos Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Greek_battleship_Salamis&oldid=820183866" Categories: Battleships of the Hellenic Navy1914 shipsProposed shipsHidden categories: Featured articlesArticles containing Greek-language text


Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages Ελληνικάفارسی日本語PolskiРусский Edit links This page was last edited on 13 January 2018, at 14:40. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.596","walltime":"0.703","ppvisitednodes":{"value":3493,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":53996,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":5186,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":9,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":0,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 609.387 1 -total"," 21.32% 129.909 1 Template:Lang-el"," 17.67% 107.684 55 Template:Convert"," 12.11% 73.774 1 Template:Infobox_ship_characteristics"," 9.65% 58.784 13 Template:Cite_book"," 9.57% 58.320 6 Template:Cite_journal"," 7.28% 44.333 1 Template:Featured_article"," 6.99% 42.574 1 Template:Top_icon"," 5.99% 36.473 1 Template:Category_handler"," 5.59% 34.055 2 Template:Reflist"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.327","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":20070453,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1257","timestamp":"20180217160053","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":77,"wgHostname":"mw1239"});});


Greek_battleship_Salamis - Photos and All Basic Informations

Greek_battleship_Salamis More Links

This Is A Featured Article. Click Here For More Information.Imperial German NavyWorld War IRoyal Hellenic Navy EnsignBattle Of SalamisAG VulcanHamburgYarrow BoilerHorsepowerAEGPropellerBelt ArmorDeck (ship)BarbetteGun TurretGreek LanguageCapital ShipDreadnought BattleshipBattlecruiserGreek NavyAG VulcanHamburg, GermanyOttoman EmpireGreco-Turkish War (1897)Arms RaceFirst Balkan WarWorld War IGun TurretKeelKielBethlehem SteelBlockadeAbercrombie-class MonitorMonitor (warship)EnlargeGreek Cruiser Georgios AverofGreco-Turkish War (1897)Aegean SeaIronclad WarshipHydra-class IroncladVickersArmored CruiserArmstrong-WhitworthGreek Cruiser Georgios AverofPre-dreadnought BattleshipSMS Kurfürst Friedrich WilhelmSMS WeissenburgArms RaceOttoman Battleship ReşadiyeCapital ShipEnlargeRoyal NavyHMS ErinRear Admiral (Royal Navy)Lionel Grant TufnellSalamis Naval BaseEleftherios VenizelosBattlecruiserDisplacement (ship)PiraeusRequest For TenderDestroyerTorpedo BoatSubmarineDepot ShipAG Vulcan StettinBethlehem SteelBeam (nautical)Draft (hull)Displacement (ship)AmidshipsTorpedo TubeFirst Balkan WarSouth American Dreadnought RaceRivadavia-class BattleshipArgentine NavyLambros KoromilasNikolaos StratosTreaty Of London (1913)Cabinet (government)SuperfirePound SterlingPrince Louis Of BattenbergMark Kerr (Royal Navy Officer)TorpedoConstantine I Of GreeceLength At The WaterlineFlush DeckAEGSteam TurbinePropellerWater-tube BoilerFunnel (ship)HorsepowerKnot (unit)EnlargeHMS Abercrombie (1915)14"/45 Caliber GunSuperstructureMuzzle VelocityCaliber (artillery)CasemateNorman FriedmanGrand FleetScapa FlowAntony PrestonBL 5.5 Inch Mark I Naval GunCoventry Ordnance WorksArmored BeltMagazine (artillery)BarbetteConning TowerKeelLaid DownBrazilian Battleship Rio De JaneiroBank Of EnglandBretagne-class BattleshipList Of Battleships Of GreeceUSS Mississippi (BB-23)USS Idaho (BB-24)Greek Battleship KilkisGreek Battleship LemnosEnlargeWorld War IShip LaunchingAbercrombie-class MonitorProceedings (magazine)KielJohn JellicoeGerman Army (German Empire)SMS HindenburgBattle Of JutlandTreaty Of VersaillesEnlargeSMS GoebenSMS GoebenPeriklis ArgyropoulosEustace Tennyson D'EyncourtGreat DepressionBremenNiki-class DestroyerKaiserWilhelm IISophia Of PrussiaConstantine I Of GreecePortal:BattleshipsOCLCBibcodeDigital Object IdentifierInternational Standard Serial NumberInternational Standard Serial NumberInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-415-35014-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-84832-100-7International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781591142546International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-87021-907-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-55750-069-XInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0674564626OCLCOCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-85177-610-1OCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-415-21478-0OCLCOCLCInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-8229-4326-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1557509298Template:Greek BattleshipsTemplate Talk:Greek BattleshipsList Of Battleships Of GreeceGreek Battleship KilkisGreek Battleship LemnosGreek Battleship Vasilefs KonstantinosHelp:CategoryCategory:Battleships Of The Hellenic NavyCategory:1914 ShipsCategory:Proposed ShipsCategory:Featured ArticlesCategory:Articles Containing Greek-language TextDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



view link view link view link view link view link