Contents 1 History 2 Feature staff 2.1 Actors 2.2 Directors 3 Filmography 4 See also 5 References 6 External links


History[edit] Goldwyn Pictures Corporation (GPC) was founded on November 19, 1916 by Samuel Goldfish partnering with Broadway producers Edgar and Archibald Selwyn using an amalgamation of both last names to create the name. Goldfish had left Lasky's Feature Play Company, of which he was a co-founder, in 1916 when Feature Play merged with Famous Players. Margaret Mayo, Edgar's wife & play writer, and Arthur Hopkins, a Broadway producer, joined the trio as writer and director general.[1] At the beginning, Goldwyn Pictures rented production facilities from Solax Studios when it and many other early film studios in America's first motion picture industry were based in Fort Lee, New Jersey. The company's first release was Polly of the Circus, an adaptation of Mayo's play, in September 1917 starting Mae Marsh.[2][3] By April 1917, Goldwyn Pictures agreed to rent the Universal Pictures studios in Fort Lee, then having the second largest stage, and had two film companies operating at the time with plans for more production companies. The company management planned on having 12 films done by September 1, 1917 with out distributing the films so as to be able to show advanced footage to the theaters. Goldfish also associated the company with Columbia University via Professor Victor Freeburg's Photoplay Writing class in 1917 to increase the company's artistic standings.[1] The company also released other production companies films with Marie Dressler's Dressler Producing Corporation film, The Scrub Lady, in 1917. The company was forced in October 1917 to switch out The Eternal Magalene for Fighting Odds, both starring Maxine Elliott, after the National Board of Review cleared the Magalene movie while censors in Pennsylvania state and Chicago city did not approve the film. Thais starring Mary Garden was released in late 1917 which was a costly loss.[1] In January 1918, Goldfish signed director Raoul Walsh and prematurely announced it as there were two years left on Walsh's contract with Fox. With Thais being the company's second costly loss, Goldwyn decreased film budgets partly by not using theater divas to cross over to film and reducing design driven films. Instead, he rely on comedies starring Madge Kennedy and Mabel Normand. In August 1918, GPC signed Will Rogers, at that time a Broadway Follies favorite, to star in a Rex Beach production, Laughing Bill Hyde, filmed at the Fort Lee studio for release in September.[1] The company purchased the Triangle Studios in Culver City in 1918.[2][4] Goldwyn then headed west out to Culver City in the Winter of 1918 which opening operations there also caused an increase in film expenses.[1] Seeing an opportunity in December, Samuel Goldfish then had his name legally changed to Samuel Goldwyn. In 1919, Frank Joseph "Joe" Godsol became an investor in Goldwyn Pictures.[5] Goldwyn began looking to follow other film companies, like Loews Theaters/Metro Pictures and First National, into vertical integration. Goldwyn and the company backers were looking at renting the Astor Theatre for movie premiers instead with the Capitol Theatre's financial problems in May 1920, the backer purchased a controlling interest in that theater. Shubert and Godsol, however, did not want the theater to rely only on Goldwyn films and operated it separately from the company.[6] By 1920 in addition owning its Culver City studio, GPC was renting two New York studios and nearly ceased operations in Fort Lee.[2] After personality clashes, Sam Goldwyn left the company in 1922. Lee Shubert of Shubert Theater contacted Marcus Loew about merging the company with Loew's Metro. Loew agreed to the merger. Louis B. Mayer heard about the pending merger and contacted Loew about adding his Louis B. Mayer Productions into the post merger company, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.[7]


Feature staff[edit] Actors[edit] Mae Marsh Mabel Normand Pauline Frederick Madge Kennedy Tallulah Bankhead Will Rogers E.K. Lincoln[2] Directors[edit] Raoul Walsh Ralph Ince Frank Lloyd[2] Sidney Olcott Next One – Now in 1924–present Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer


Filmography[edit] Main article: List of Goldwyn Pictures films A 1967 fire in an MGM storage facility destroyed many negatives and prints, including the best-quality copies of every Goldwyn picture produced prior to 1924; over half of MGM's feature films from before 1930 are completely lost.[citation needed] On March 25, 1986, Ted Turner and his Turner Broadcasting System purchased pre-May 1986 MGM films (including Goldwyn Pictures films) from Kirk Kerkorian for $600 million. Polly of the Circus (1917) Tillie the Scrubwoman (1917) Thirty a Week (1918)[2]


See also[edit] Samuel Goldwyn Productions, Samuel Goldwyn's next production company Samuel Goldwyn Studio, informal name for the Pickford-Fairbanks Studios lot in Hollywood. The Samuel Goldwyn Company, founded by Samuel Goldwyn, Jr. in 1979, active through 1997 Samuel Goldwyn Films, founded by Samuel Goldwyn, Jr.


References[edit] ^ a b c d e f Koszarski, Richard (2004). "18. Goldwyn". Fort Lee: The Film Town. Indiana University Press. pp. 286–311. ISBN 0861966538.  ^ a b c d e f "Studios and Films". Fort Lee Film Commission. Retrieved 2011-05-30.  ^ Fort Lee Film Commission (2006), Fort Lee Birthplace of the Motion Picture Industry, Arcadia Publishing, ISBN 0-7385-4501-5  ^ "Lot History". Sony Picture Museum. Sony Pictures Entertainment. p. 1. Archived from the original on February 5, 2015. Retrieved February 5, 2015.  ^ Lewis, Kevin; Lewis, Arnold (June–July 1988). "Include Me out: Samuel Goldwyn and Joe Godsol". Film History. 2 (2): 133–153. JSTOR 3815031.  ^ Melnick, Ross (March 4, 2014). "Part One Roxy and Silent Film Exhibition". American Showman: Samuel "Roxy" Rothafel and the Birth of the Entertainment Industry, 1908–1935 (Reprint ed.). Columbia University Press. p. 187. ISBN 0231159056. Retrieved February 5, 2015.  ^ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Inc. History. International Directory of Company Histories. Vol. 25. St. James Press. 1999. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 


External links[edit] Goldwyn Pictures on IMDbPro (subscription required) American Film Institute Catalog Goldwyn Pictures Corp. Goldwyn Distributing Corp. Silent Era.com Goldwyn Distributing Corporation Goldwyn Pictures Corporation Goldwyn Producing Corporation v t e MGM Holdings Predecessors Metro Pictures Goldwyn Pictures Louis B. Mayer Productions Key personnel Founders Marcus Loew Louis B. Mayer Chair/CEO Gary Barber President of Film Jonathan Glickman Motion Picture Group Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer United Artists Orion Pictures MGM Home Entertainment TV Group & Digital MGM Interactive MGM Television Lightworkers Media Orion TV Productions MGM Animation MGM channels MGM HD Epix Joint ventures Light TV This TV Telecine (13%) Operate Charge! Comet Miscellaneous MGM Music Former units G2 Films MGM Networks MGM Records United Artists Media Group The Works Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Goldwyn_Pictures&oldid=827308835" Categories: Media companies established in 1916Media companies disestablished in 1924Silent film studiosGoldwyn Pictures filmsDefunct American film studiosCinema of Southern CaliforniaCompanies based in Culver City, CaliforniaMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer1916 establishments in California1924 disestablishments in CaliforniaHidden categories: Use mdy dates from December 2017Use American English from July 2016All Wikipedia articles written in American EnglishAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from March 2016Pages containing links to subscription-only content


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Film StudioMetro-Goldwyn-MayerMetro PicturesLouis B. MayerMetro-Goldwyn-MayerFort Lee, New JerseySamuel GoldwynMetro-Goldwyn-MayerLeo The Lion (MGM)Culver City, CaliforniaLee ShubertThe Shubert OrganizationSamuel GoldwynBroadway TheatreEdgar SelwynArchibald SelwynAmalgamation (names)Famous Players-LaskyArthur HopkinsSolax StudiosFilm StudioAmerica's First Motion Picture IndustryFort Lee, New JerseyPolly Of The Circus (1917 Film)Mae MarshUniversal PicturesColumbia UniversityMarie DresslerThe Scrub LadyFighting OddsMaxine ElliottNational Board Of ReviewThais (American Film)Mary GardenRaoul WalshMadge KennedyMabel NormandWill RogersBroadway TheatreRex BeachSony Pictures StudiosSamuel GoldwynLoews Cineplex EntertainmentMetro PicturesFirst National PicturesAstor Theatre, New York CityCapitol Theatre (New York City)Lee ShubertThe Shubert OrganizationLouis B. MayerMetro-Goldwyn-MayerMae MarshMabel NormandPauline FrederickMadge KennedyTallulah BankheadWill RogersE.K. LincolnRaoul WalshRalph InceFrank LloydSidney OlcottMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer1967 MGM Vault FireNegative (film)Lost FilmWikipedia:Citation NeededPolly Of The Circus (1917 Film)Samuel Goldwyn ProductionsSamuel Goldwyn StudioThe Samuel Goldwyn CompanySamuel Goldwyn FilmsSamuel Goldwyn, Jr.International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0861966538International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7385-4501-5JSTORInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0231159056IMDbTemplate:MGMTemplate Talk:MGMMGM HoldingsMetro PicturesLouis B. MayerMarcus LoewLouis B. MayerGary BarberJonathan GlickmanMetro-Goldwyn-MayerUnited ArtistsOrion PicturesMGM Home EntertainmentMGM InteractiveMGM TelevisionLightworkers MediaOrion PicturesMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer AnimationMGM HDEpixJoint VentureLight TVThis TVRede TelecineCharge! (TV Network)Comet (TV Network)MGM MusicThe Samuel Goldwyn CompanyMGM NetworksMGM RecordsUnited ArtistsThe Works (TV Network)Help:CategoryCategory:Media Companies Established In 1916Category:Media Companies Disestablished In 1924Category:Silent Film StudiosCategory:Goldwyn Pictures FilmsCategory:Defunct American Film StudiosCategory:Cinema Of Southern CaliforniaCategory:Companies Based In Culver City, CaliforniaCategory:Metro-Goldwyn-MayerCategory:1916 Establishments In CaliforniaCategory:1924 Disestablishments In CaliforniaCategory:Use Mdy Dates From December 2017Category:Use American English From July 2016Category:All Wikipedia Articles Written In American EnglishCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From March 2016Category:Pages Containing Links To Subscription-only ContentDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



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