Contents 1 Geology 2 Climate 3 Transportation 4 References 5 External links


Geology[edit] Sutter's Mill in 1850. The Gold Country lies on the western slope of the Sierra Nevada, reaching down to the Sacramento Valley. The oldest geology can be found along the easternmost portions of this region, closer to the Sierra Nevada summits. It consists of ancient sea floor and portions of islands which were added onto the western edge of North America during the late Paleozoic, about 275 million years ago. The western sections of the Mother Lode are significantly younger, from the mid Mesozoic about 150 million years ago, and also consist of material that was solidified on the ocean floor to the continental edge. Massive intrusions of granite forced their way into these formations. After ten miles of overlying material was eroded over the last 70 million years, these intrusions became visible throughout the Sierra Nevada. Over the last 50 million years, rivers and volcanoes deposited materials; these built up in thick layers found atop many of the high ridges of the Sierra Nevada foothills.


Climate[edit] This part of California has a Mediterranean climate like much of Italy and Spain, making wine grapes and vineyards one of the region's primary crops and industry.[citation needed] Over 100 wineries are found throughout the Gold Country. Winters are cool and wet with occasional snowfall, especially in the higher elevations of the eastern reaches up the slopes of the Sierra Nevada mountains. Winter temperatures range from the upper twenties to mid fifties. Summers are dry and hot, with long stretches that reach triple digits. The average annual precipitation is around 30 in (760 mm).


Transportation[edit] California State Route 49 is the primary north-south highway through the region, passing through many historic mining communities. Major east-west highways include Interstate 80 and U.S. Route 50. Two Amtrak routes run through the area. The eastern terminus of the Capitol Corridor is in Auburn. The California Zephyr stops in Colfax. Angels Camp, California Arnold, California Auburn, California Cameron Park, California Camino, California Camptonville, California Colfax, California Coloma, California Columbia, California Copperopolis, California Diamond Springs, California Downieville, California El Dorado, California El Dorado Hills, California Fair Play, California Fiddletown, California Folsom, California Foresthill, California French Corral, California Georgetown, California Grass Valley, California Groveland-Big Oak Flat, California Jackson, California Jamestown, California Lotus, California Mariposa, California Meadow Vista, California Mount Aukum, California Murphys, California Nevada City, California Newcastle, California North Bloomfield, California Oakhurst, California Oroville, California Placerville, California Pleasant Valley, California Plymouth, California Pollock Pines, California Rescue, California Rough and Ready, California San Andreas, California Shingle Springs, California Somerset, California Sonora, California Sutter Creek, California Twain Harte, California Volcano, California


References[edit] ^ "Gold Country". California State Parks. California Department of Recreation. Retrieved August 1, 2014. 


External links[edit] Gold Country Visitors Association The Virtual California Gold Country: Highway 49 Revisited Online Building Materials of the California Gold Country: A Selective Photographic Tour from Mariposa in Mariposa County to Auburn in Placer County, on Stone Quarries and Beyond. v t e Greater Sacramento Counties Douglas (NV) El Dorado Nevada Placer Sacramento Sutter Yolo Yuba Major City Sacramento Cities and towns 100k–200k Elk Grove Roseville 25k–100k Antelope Arden-Arcade Carmichael Citrus Heights Davis El Dorado Hills Fair Oaks Florin Folsom Foothill Farms Lincoln North Highlands Orangevale Rancho Cordova Rocklin West Sacramento Woodland Yuba City 10k–25k Auburn Cameron Park Diamond Springs Galt Gardnerville Ranchos (NV) Granite Bay Grass Valley La Riviera Lemon Hill Linda Marysville North Auburn Olivehurst Parkway Placerville Rio Linda Rosemont South Lake Tahoe Truckee Vineyard Sub-regions Gold Country Lake Tahoe Sacramento Valley Sierra Nevada Yuba–Sutter area v t e Sacramento Valley Counties Butte Colusa Glenn Placer Sacramento Shasta Sutter Tehama Yolo Yuba Major cities Sacramento Cities and towns 100k-250k Elk Grove Roseville Cities and towns 25k-99k Antelope Arden-Arcade Carmichael Chico Citrus Heights Davis Fair Oaks Florin Folsom Foothill Farms Lincoln North Highlands Orangevale Paradise Rancho Cordova Redding Rocklin West Sacramento Woodland Yuba City Cities and towns 10k-25k Auburn Galt Granite Bay La Riviera Linda Magalia Marysville North Auburn Olivehurst Oroville Parkway Red Bluff Rio Linda Rosemont Shasta Lake Vineyard Sub-regions Sacramento Metropolitan Area Yuba–Sutter area v t e  State of California Sacramento (capital) Topics Culture Food Music Myth Sports Demographics Earthquakes Economy Education Environment Geography Climate Ecology Flora Fauna Government Capitol Districts Governor Legislature Supreme Court Healthcare History Law National Historic Landmarks National Natural Landmarks NRHP listings Politics Congressional delegations Elections People Protected areas State Parks State Historic Landmarks Symbols Transportation Water Index of articles Regions Antelope Valley Big Sur California Coast Ranges Cascade Range Central California Central Coast Central Valley Channel Islands Coachella Valley Coastal California Conejo Valley Cucamonga Valley Death Valley East Bay (SF Bay Area) East County (SD) Eastern California Emerald Triangle Gold Country Great Basin Greater San Bernardino Inland Empire Klamath Basin Lake Tahoe Greater Los Angeles Los Angeles Basin Lost Coast Mojave Desert Mountain Empire North Bay (SF) North Coast North Coast (SD) Northern California Owens Valley Oxnard Plain Peninsular Ranges Pomona Valley Sacramento Valley Salinas Valley San Fernando Valley San Francisco Bay Area San Francisco Peninsula San Gabriel Valley San Joaquin Valley Santa Clara Valley Santa Clara River Valley Santa Clarita Valley Santa Ynez Valley Shasta Cascade Sierra Nevada Silicon Valley South Bay (LA) South Bay (SD) South Bay (SF) South Coast Southern Border Region Southern California Transverse Ranges Tri-Valley Victor Valley Wine Country Metro regions Metropolitan Fresno Los Angeles metropolitan area Greater Sacramento San Bernardino-Riverside metropolitan area San Francisco metropolitan area San Diego–Tijuana Counties Alameda Alpine Amador Butte Calaveras Colusa Contra Costa Del Norte El Dorado Fresno Glenn Humboldt Imperial Inyo Kern Kings Lake Lassen Los Angeles Madera Marin Mariposa Mendocino Merced Modoc Mono Monterey Napa Nevada Orange Placer Plumas Riverside Sacramento San Benito San Bernardino San Diego San Francisco San Joaquin San Luis Obispo San Mateo Santa Barbara Santa Clara Santa Cruz Shasta Sierra Siskiyou Solano Sonoma Stanislaus Sutter Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba Most populous cities Los Angeles San Diego San Jose San Francisco Fresno Sacramento Long Beach Oakland Bakersfield Anaheim Coordinates: 38°24′N 120°48′W / 38.4°N 120.8°W / 38.4; -120.8 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gold_Country&oldid=790854395" Categories: California Gold RushSierra Nevada (U.S.)Regions of CaliforniaGold mining in the United StatesSacramento metropolitan areaNorthern CaliforniaHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from November 2014Coordinates on Wikidata


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