Contents 1 Early life 2 Film career 3 Military service 4 Death 5 Personal life 5.1 Bisexuality 6 Filmography 7 Notes 8 External links


Early life[edit] Raymond was born Raymond Guion on August 13, 1908 in New York City. He attended the Professional Children's School while appearing in productions like Rip Van Winkle and Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch. His Broadway debut, at age 17, was in The Cradle Snatchers which ran two years. (The cast included Mary Boland, Edna May Oliver, and a young Humphrey Bogart.)


Film career[edit] His screen debut was in Personal Maid (1931). Another early appearance was in the multi-director If I Had a Million with W. C. Fields and Charles Laughton. With his blond good looks, classic profile, and youthful exuberance — plus a name change to the more pronounceable "Gene Raymond" — he scored in films like the classic Zoo in Budapest with Loretta Young, and a series of light RKO musicals, mostly with Ann Sothern. He wrote a number of songs, including the popular "Will You?" which he sang to Sothern in Smartest Girl In Town (1936). His wife, Jeanette MacDonald, sang several of his more classical pieces in her concerts and recorded one entitled "Let Me Always Sing". His most notable films, mostly as a second lead actor, include Red Dust (1932) with Jean Harlow and Clark Gable, Zoo in Budapest (1933) with Loretta Young, Ex-Lady (1933) with Bette Davis, Flying Down to Rio (1933) with Dolores del Río, Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers, I Am Suzanne (1934) with Lilian Harvey, Sadie McKee (1934) with Joan Crawford, Alfred Hitchcock's Mr. and Mrs. Smith (1941) with Carole Lombard and Robert Montgomery, and The Locket (1946) with Laraine Day, Brian Aherne, and Robert Mitchum. MacDonald and Raymond made one film together, Smilin' Through, which came out as the U.S. was on the verge of entering World War II. After service in the United States Army Air Forces Raymond returned to Hollywood. He wrote, directed and starred in the 1949 film Million Dollar Weekend. In later years he appeared in only a few films. His last major film was The Best Man in 1964 with Henry Fonda and Cliff Robertson.[1] In the 1950s he mostly worked in television, appearing in Playhouse of Stars,[2] Fireside Theatre, Hollywood Summer Theater and TV Reader's Digest. In the 1970s he appeared on ABC Television Network's Paris 7000 and had guest roles in The Outer Limits, Robert Montgomery Presents, Playhouse 90, The Man from U.N.C.L.E., Ironside, The Defenders, Mannix, The Name of the Game, Lux Video Theatre, Kraft Television Theatre and U.S. Steel Hour.[3]


Military service[edit] Following the beginning of war in Europe in 1939, Raymond felt certain the U.S. would eventually enter the war. He trained as a pilot for that eventuality, and after the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, he was commissioned a lieutenant in the Army Air Forces. He served as an observer aboard B-17 anti-submarine flights along the Atlantic coast before attending intelligence school and shipping out to England in July 1942. He served with the 97th Bomb Group before taking over as assistant operations officer in the VIII Bomber Command. He was transferred back to the U.S. in 1943 and piloted a variety of aircraft, both bombers and fighters, in stateside duties. He remained in the United States Air Force Reserve following the war, retiring in 1968 as a colonel.[4]


Death[edit] On May 3, 1998, at 89 years of age, Raymond died of pneumonia in Los Angeles, California.[5] For his contributions to the motion picture and television industries, Gene Raymond has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame located at 7001 Hollywood Boulevard (motion pictures) and 1708 Vine Street (television).[6]


Personal life[edit] Raymond married Jeanette MacDonald in 1937. They remained together until her death in 1965. MacDonald died on January 14 with her husband at her bedside. In 1974, he married Nel Bentley Hees, who died in 1995.[1] He was a Republican.[7] Bisexuality[edit] A 2001 biography of Nelson Eddy and MacDonald, Sweethearts by Sharon Rich, states that Raymond had affairs with men during his marriage to MacDonald. The book has documentation showing that Raymond was arrested three times for having sex with other men. This includes a photo of Raymond's arrest sheet in January 1938;[8] a US Army nurse is named and quoted concerning his second arrest; and a retired Scotland Yard detective named Joe Sampson confirms the third arrest, which occurred in England during World War II.[9] The book also claims that Louis B. Mayer engineered the 1937 marriage of MacDonald to Raymond—even though Mayer knew Raymond was bisexual—to prevent MacDonald from marrying Nelson Eddy. Mayer was concerned that a MacDonald-Eddy marriage would end in divorce because of their temperaments. He was worried a break-up would destroy his lucrative box office team. Mayer was also unhappy with Eddy's desire for MacDonald to at least semi-retire so they could have children. Shortly after their marriage, there were reports of physical abuse. When MacDonald appeared with facial bruises at a Hollywood party, Eddy went to Raymond's house and beat him senseless in his driveway, nearly killing him, an incident which was reported in the newspapers as Raymond suffering an accidental fall down a flight of stairs.[10] In 1938, Raymond began sharing a house with a 19-year-old actor and was arrested on a morals charge after a vice raid on a homosexual nightclub, requiring MacDonald to bribe the authorities in order to obtain his release.[10] Enraged, studio chief Mayer ordered MacDonald and Raymond to resume the appearance of a happily married couple, and, to demonstrate his power over their careers, he had Raymond blacklisted following his 1938 arrest.[11] This is reflected in Raymond's cinematic roles. He made no film appearances between Stolen Heaven in 1938 and Cross-Country Romance in 1940. It would be a year later for his next role in Alfred Hitchcock's Mr. & Mrs. Smith. Prior to his arrest, he had averaged four films a year.


Filmography[edit] Features: Personal Maid (1931) Ladies of the Big House (1931) Forgotten Commandments (1932) The Night of June 13 (1932) Red Dust (1932) If I Had a Million (1932) Zoo in Budapest (1933) Ex-Lady (1933) Ann Carver's Profession (1933) Brief Moment (1933) The House on 56th Street (1933) Flying Down to Rio (1933) I Am Suzanne (1933) Coming Out Party (1934) Sadie McKee (1934) Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round (1934) Behold My Wife (1934) The Woman in Red (1935) Transient Lady (1935) Hooray for Love (1935) Seven Keys to Baldpate (1935) Love on a Bet (1936) The Bride Walks Out (1936) Walking on Air (1936) Smartest Girl in Town (1936) That Girl from Paris (1936) There Goes My Girl (1937) The Life of the Party (1937) She's Got Everything (1937) Stolen Heaven (1938) Cross-Country Romance (1940) Mr. & Mrs. Smith (1941) Smilin' Through (1941) The Locket (1946) Assigned to Danger (1948) Sofia (1948) Million Dollar Weekend (1948) (also director and writer) Hit the Deck (1955) Plunder Road (1957) The Best Man (1964) I'd Rather Be Rich (1964) The Hanged Man (1964) Five Bloody Graves (1970) (voice only) Short films Hollywood on Parade No. B-8 (1934) Hollywood on Parade No. B-13 (1934) Screen Snapshots Series 14, No. 9 (1935) Screen Snapshots Series 15, No. 5 (1936) Screen Snapshots Series 18, No. 1 (1938) Screen Snapshots: Hollywood in Uniform (1943)


Notes[edit] Citations ^ a b Galloway, Doug (May 6, 1998). "Gene Raymond dies at 89". Variety.  ^ "Television Features War Story". Tucson Daily Citizen. May 29, 1953. p. 16. Retrieved March 27, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ Oliver, Myrna (May 6, 1998). "Gene Raymond, 89; Actor Wed Jeanette MacDonald". Los Angeles Times.  ^ National Museum of the U.S. Air Force website, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-10-17. Retrieved 2011-08-09.  ^ Gene Raymond Biography (1908-1998) at FilmReference.com ^ Walk of Fame Stars - Gene Raymond ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=QfHXAAAAQBAJ&pg=PA173&dq=Martha+Tilton+Republican&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwir-8ivuLDTAhUM8IMKHU_XAPUQ6AEILjAC#v=onepage&q=Gene%20Raymond&f=false ^ Rich, Sharon (1994). Sweethearts. Donald Fine. p. 448. ISBN 1-55611-407-9.  ^ Rich 1994, p. 303 ^ a b Fleming, E.J. (2004). The Fixers: Eddie Mannix, Howard Strickling and the MGM Publicity Machine. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. p. 180. ISBN 0786420278.  ^ "Jeanette MacDonald | Nelson Eddy Biography – Part 3". Mac/Eddy Club. Retrieved 18 March 2015.  Bibliography Daly, Maury (1995). Gene Raymond: Renaissance Man. Classic Images.  Eyman, Scott (2008). Lion of Hollywood: The Life and Legend of Louis B. Mayer. New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781439107911.  Baron Turk, Edward (1998). Hollywood Diva: A Biography of Jeanette MacDonald. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520924574. 


External links[edit] Biography portal LGBT portal Film portal Gene Raymond on IMDb Gene Raymond at the Internet Broadway Database Gene Raymond at Find a Grave Gene Raymond at Virtual History Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 67722990 LCCN: n78053188 ISNI: 0000 0000 5926 751X SUDOC: 061501298 BNF: cb14219283h (data) IATH: w65m9g2p Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gene_Raymond&oldid=820440524" Categories: 1908 births1998 deathsAmerican military personnel of World War IIAmerican male musical theatre actorsAmerican male radio actorsAmerican television directorsAmerican male screenwritersSongwriters from New York (state)Bisexual male actorsBisexual menDeaths from pneumoniaInfectious disease deaths in CaliforniaLGBT entertainers from the United StatesBurials at Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Glendale)20th-century American male actors20th-century American singersCalifornia RepublicansHidden categories: Articles with hCardsArticles with IBDb linksFind a Grave template with ID same as WikidataWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers


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New York CityNew York (state)Los AngelesCaliforniaJeanette MacDonaldUnited StatesNew York CityProfessional Children's SchoolRip Van Winkle (operetta)Mary BolandEdna May OliverHumphrey BogartIf I Had A MillionW. C. FieldsCharles LaughtonZoo In BudapestLoretta YoungAnn SothernJeanette MacDonaldRed Dust (1932 Film)Jean HarlowClark GableZoo In BudapestLoretta YoungEx-LadyBette DavisFlying Down To RioDolores Del RíoFred AstaireGinger RogersI Am SuzanneLilian HarveySadie McKeeJoan CrawfordAlfred HitchcockMr. & Mrs. Smith (1941 Film)Carole LombardRobert Montgomery (actor)The LocketLaraine DayBrian AherneRobert MitchumSmilin' Through (1941 Film)United States Army Air ForcesMillion Dollar WeekendThe Best Man (1964 Film)Henry FondaCliff RobertsonFireside TheatreHollywood Summer TheaterTV Reader's DigestABC Television NetworkThe Outer Limits (1963 TV Series)Robert Montgomery PresentsPlayhouse 90The Man From U.N.C.L.E.Ironside (1967 TV Series)The Defenders (1961 TV Series)MannixThe Name Of The Game (TV Series)Lux Video TheatreKraft Television TheatreU.S. Steel HourPearl HarborArmy Air Forces97th Operations GroupVIII Bomber CommandUnited States Air Force ReservePneumoniaLos AngelesCaliforniaHollywood Walk Of FameHollywood BoulevardVine StreetJeanette MacDonaldRepublican Party (United States)Nelson EddySweethearts (book)Sharon RichMen Who Have Sex With MenScotland YardLouis B. MayerBisexualNelson EddyCross-Country RomanceAlfred HitchcockMr. & Mrs. Smith (1941 Film)Personal Maid1931 In FilmLadies Of The Big HouseForgotten Commandments1932 In FilmThe Night Of June 13Red Dust (1932 Film)If I Had A MillionZoo In Budapest1933 In FilmEx-LadyAnn Carver's ProfessionBrief MomentThe House On 56th StreetFlying Down To RioI Am SuzanneComing Out Party1934 In FilmSadie McKeeTransatlantic Merry-Go-RoundBehold My Wife! (1934 Film)The Woman In Red (1935 Film)1935 In FilmTransient LadySeven Keys To Baldpate (1935 Film)The Bride Walks OutWalking On Air (1936 Film)Smartest Girl In TownThat Girl From ParisThere Goes My Girl1937 In FilmStolen Heaven (1938 Film)Cross-Country RomanceMr. & Mrs. Smith (1941 Film)Smilin' Through (1941 Film)The LocketAssigned To DangerSofia (1948 Film)Million Dollar WeekendHit The Deck (1955 Film)1955 In FilmPlunder Road1957 In FilmThe Best Man (1964 Film)1964 In FilmI'd Rather Be RichThe Hanged Man (1964 Film)1970 In FilmShort Film1934 In Film1935 In Film1936 In Film1938 In Film1943 In FilmVariety (magazine)Newspapers.comOpen Access Publication – Free To ReadLos Angeles TimesSharon RichInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-55611-407-9International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0786420278Scott EymanInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781439107911International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780520924574Portal:BiographyPortal:LGBTPortal:FilmIMDbInternet Broadway DatabaseFind A GraveHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberInternational Standard Name IdentifierSystème Universitaire De DocumentationBibliothèque Nationale De FranceInstitute For Advanced Technology In The HumanitiesHelp:CategoryCategory:1908 BirthsCategory:1998 DeathsCategory:American Military Personnel Of World War IICategory:American Male Musical Theatre ActorsCategory:American Male Radio ActorsCategory:American Television DirectorsCategory:American Male ScreenwritersCategory:Songwriters From New York (state)Category:Bisexual Male ActorsCategory:Bisexual MenCategory:Deaths From PneumoniaCategory:Infectious Disease Deaths In CaliforniaCategory:LGBT Entertainers From The United StatesCategory:Burials At Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Glendale)Category:20th-century American Male ActorsCategory:20th-century American SingersCategory:California RepublicansCategory:Articles With HCardsCategory:Articles With IBDb LinksCategory:Find A Grave Template With ID Same As WikidataCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ISNI IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With BNF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With SNAC-ID IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



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