Contents 1 The ghetto 2 History 3 Characteristics 3.1 Consumerization 4 List of gay villages 5 LGBT populations 5.1 Top LGBT populations in Brazilian cities 5.2 Top LGBT populations in U.S.A. 5.2.1 By U.S. city 5.2.2 By U.S. metropolitan area 5.2.3 By U.S. state 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

The ghetto[edit] The term ghetto originally referred to those places in European cities where Jews were required to live according to local law. During the 20th century, ghetto came to be used to describe the areas inhabited by a variety of groups that mainstream society deemed outside the norm, including not only Jews but poor people, LGBT people, ethnic minorities, hobos, prostitutes, and bohemians. These neighborhoods, which often arise from crowded, highly dense, and often deteriorated inner city districts, are critical sites where members of gender and sexual minorities have traditionally congregated. From one perspective, these spaces are places of marginality created by an often homophobic, biphobic, and transphobic heterosexual community; from another perspective, they are places of refuge where members of gender and sexual minorities can benefit from the concentration of safe, nondiscriminatory resources and services (just as other minorities do). In some cities, LGBT people congregate in visibly identified neighborhoods, while in others they are dispersed in neighborhoods which have less visibility because a liberal, affirming counterculture is present. For example, LGBT people in San Francisco congregate in the Castro neighborhood, while LGBT people in Seattle concentrate in the city's older bohemian stomping grounds of Capitol Hill, and those of Montreal have concentrated in a working-class neighbourhood referred to administratively as "Centre-Sud" but largely known as "Le Village".[7] These areas, however, have higher concentrations of LGBT residents and businesses that cater to them than do surrounding neighborhoods. Some cities like Austin, Texas did not develop a defined gay village despite the city of Austin being home to many LGBT people with developed LGBT-friendly businesses and a counterculture present.[8][9]

History[edit] Rainbow flag banners are displayed all year in The Castro area of San Francisco, and along Market Street in June, as the symbol of LGBT pride and LGBT unity. The neighbourhood of Schöneberg in Berlin, close to Nollendorfplatz, is the first gay village in the world, from the 1920s. Prior to the 1960s and '70s, specialized LGBT communities did not exist as gay villages in the United States; bars were usually where LGBT social networks developed, and they were located in certain urban areas where police zoning would implicitly allow so-called "deviant entertainment" under close surveillance. In New York, for example, the congregation of gay men had not been illegal since 1965; however, no openly gay bar had been granted a license to serve alcohol. The police raid of a private gay club called the Stonewall Inn on June 27, 1969, led to a series of minor disturbances in the neighborhood of the bar over the course of the subsequent three days involving more than 1,000 people. The Stonewall Rebellion managed to change not only the profile of the gay community but the dynamic within the community itself. This, along with several other similar incidents, precipitated the appearance of gay ghettos throughout North America, as spatial organization shifted from bars and street-cruising to specific neighbourhoods. This transition "from the bars to the streets, from nightlife to daytime, from 'sexual deviance' to an alternative lifestyle" was the critical moment in the development of the gay community.[10] On June 23, 2015, the Stonewall Inn was the first landmark in New York City to be recognized by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission on the basis of its status in LGBT history,[11] and on June 24, 2016, the Stonewall National Monument was named the first U.S. National Monument dedicated to the LGBTQ-rights movement.[12] Online communities had developed globally by the early 2000s as resource connecting gay villagers worldwide to provide information for arts, travel, business, gay counseling, and legal services, aiming to provide safe and gay-friendly environments for members of LGBTQ communities in general.

Characteristics[edit] Gay villages can vary widely from city to city and country to country. Furthermore, some large cities also develop "satellite" gay villages that are essentially "overflow" areas. In such cases, gay men and lesbians have become priced-out of the main gay village and move to other, more affordable areas, thereby creating an entirely new gay village, also thereby furthering the process of gentrification by pricing-out long held tenants of these areas. In New York City, many gays in the 1990s moved to the Chelsea neighborhood from the Greenwich Village neighborhood as a less expensive alternative; subsequent to this movement, house prices in Chelsea have increased dramatically to rival the West Village within Greenwich Village itself. Other examples include, in Boston gay men moving to the South End and lesbians migrating to Jamaica Plain; while in Chicago, gays have moved to the Andersonville area as an offshoot of the Boystown/Lakeview neighborhood. Some gay villages are not neighborhoods at all, but instead are entirely separate municipalities from the city for which they serve as the primary gay enclave, such as West Hollywood in the Los Angeles area, and Wilton Manors in the Miami/Fort Lauderdale area. The entrance to Chueca metro station in the Plaza de Chueca (Chueca square) in Madrid, during gay pride week. These processes are tied to the spatial nature of the urban renaissance which was occurring at the time. The "first wave" of low-wage gay residences in these urban centers paved the way for other, more affluent gay professionals to move into the neighborhoods; this wealthier group played a significant role in the gentrification of many inner city neighborhoods. The presence of gay men in the real estate industry of San Francisco was a major factor facilitating the urban renaissance of the city in the 1970s. However, the gentrification of gay villages may also serve to reinforce stereotypes of gays, by pushing out gay people who do not conform to the prevailing "gay, white, affluent, professional" image. Such people (including gay people of color, low-income/working-class gays, and "undesirable" groups such as gay prostitutes and leathermen) are usually forced out of the "village" due to rising rents or constant harassment at the hands of an increased policing presence. Especially in San Francisco's Polk Gulch neighborhood (the first "gay village" in that city), gentrification seems to have had this result.[13] Gay men and women have a reputation for driving the revitalization of previously run-down enclaves. Making these neighborhoods more desirable places to live, businesses and other classes of people move to the area and, accordingly, property values tend to go up. Richard Florida, an influential American academic, claims that their mere presence lures investors and jobs, particularly of the high-technology kind. They are, he says, "the canaries of the creative economy". Cities that have gay villages and are more tolerant towards gays, generally tend to have stronger, more robust, and creative economies, as compared to cities that are less tolerant towards gays. Florida says that cities as such have a stronger creative class, which is integral in bringing in new ideas that stimulate economies.[14] Consumerization[edit] The Sydney Mardi Gras is one of the largest of its kind in the world. The gentrification of once rundown inner-city areas, coupled with the staging of pride parades in these areas, has resulted in the increased visibility of gay communities. Parades such as Sydney's Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras and Manchester's Pride events attract significant investment and create tourist revenue, and cities are beginning to realize, firstly, that the acceptance of lesbian and gay culture is fast becoming a sign of urban "sophistication", and secondly, that gay-oriented events, such as pride parades, the World Outgames and the Gay Games, are potentially lucrative events, attracting thousands of gay tourists and their dollars. The growing recognition of the economic value of the gay community is not only associated with their wealth but also with the role that lesbians and gay men have played (and continue to play) in urban revitalization.

List of gay villages[edit] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2007) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Main article: List of gay villages The area around Berlin's Nollendorfplatz and Motzstrasse Warmoesstraat in Amsterdam Toronto's Church and Wellesley. Provincetown, Massachusetts was ranked by the US Census Bureau as "the gayest city in America".[15][16] Also Provincetown, or Ptown, was voted "Best Resort Town in 2011" by[17] The town had far more gay marriages than straight marriages performed since 2003 when Massachusetts legalized same-sex marriage. The town's various businesses sponsor Gay Men's Week, Women's Week, Bear Week, Family Week (same-sex families), and their version of a gay pride parade, Carnival.[18] Famous gay residents currently include journalist Andrew Sullivan, filmmaker John Waters, and comedian Kate Clinton. Some cities have a very well-defined gay village in the heart of a larger area that also has a significant gay population. For example, Boystown in Chicago is a very well-defined gay village situated within the larger Lakeview neighborhood. Lakeview is an affluent neighborhood with a reputation for being a stronghold of liberal and progressive political views. Outside of Boystown, Lakeview is a mixture of both gay and straight citizens and families, but Boystown is the main gay village. Other examples of this phenomenon include Davie Village in the heart of Vancouver's gay community. It sits within the greater West End area, which, though decently populated by gay people, is not necessarily considered a gay village. Despite its large gay population and higher concentration of gay venues, the South Beach area in Miami Beach, Florida, was never exclusively gay, because of its popularity among straight people alike. Philadelphia's traditional gay village comprises several downtown blocks and is called "the Gayborhood". The LGBT culture in Philadelphia has an established presence that includes clubs, bars, and restaurants as well as health facilities for the LGBT community. Philadelphia's "Gayborhood" contains 68 rainbow street sign signs throughout the community.[19] Washington, D.C.'s Dupont Circle and Logan Circle area are known for its many gay oriented bars, restaurants, and shops. The Short North in downtown Columbus, Ohio is primarily known as an art district, but has a strong gay community and a high concentration of gay-oriented clubs and bars. In Boston, the trendy and upscale South End neighborhood has a large population of gay men, and the Jamaica Plain and Roslindale neighborhoods are home to scores of lesbians, also with vibrant but less trendy downtown areas. Montreal's Gay Village (Le Village, in French) is considered one of North America's largest in population, concentration and scope.[20] Some areas are often associated with being "gay" cities or resorts, due to their image and acceptance of the gay community. Examples include San Francisco, Manchester and Brighton in the UK, Sydney, Cape Town and the Greek island of Mykonos. Official street signage for Stanley Street in Liverpool's Gay Quarter Liverpool, England is home to a large LGBT population[21][22] and as well as having an officially recognised gay quarter, the city hosts the annual Homotopia (festival), the only lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans combined arts organisation in the North of England.[23] It was the first city in the UK to install street signs bearing the rainbow coloured Pride flag to identify its gay quarter on Stanley Street, Cumberland Street, Temple Lane, Eberle Street and Temple Street,[24] and was also the scene of many significant moments in the history of the gay rights movement (see LGBT culture in Liverpool). Both Birmingham Pride and Liverpool Pride are huge annual festivals which attract tens of thousands of people to their respective cities in August each year.[25][26] Birmingham Pride is centred on the city's gay village located around Hurst Street, whilst Liverpool's Pride is spread across the Liverpool gay quarter and the Pier Head.[27] [28] Manchester's gay village is within Greater Manchester's main central business district and is the centre for the city's pride events. The village is based on Canal Street, so The Gay Village and Canal Street are terms used interchangeably when describing the area. The Queer as Folk storyline was set in Manchester and much of the series was filmed in the city's gay village. Gay scenes from Britain's ITV serial drama Coronation Street (also based in the city) were filmed around Canal Street. Hebden Bridge has been called 'the lesbian capital of the U.K.' since the 1990s.[29] The neighbourhood of Le Marais in Paris has experienced a growing gay presence since the 1980s, as evidenced by the existence of a large gay community and of many gay cafés, nightclubs, cabarets and shops, such as one of the largest Gay Club in Europe called Le Depot. These establishments are mainly concentrated in the southwestern portion of the Marais, many on or near the streets Sainte-Croix de la Bretonnerie and Vieille du Temple. A well-known gay village of Sitges is one of the richest residential areas within the area of greater Barcelona. The town hosts several gay events throughout the year, such as Gay Pride and Bears Week. The first monument for the gay community, an inverse triangle, was built in Passeig Maritim street in 2006. Many gay tourists use the gay-friendly accommodation in Sitges during Circuit Festival of Barcelona. San Diego has its own gay village called Hillcrest, which sits around Balboa Park. Hillcrest is very close to the downtown area but is able to maintain a small town eclectic feel. While it is considered by most as the gay area of San Diego with its gay bars and dance clubs, the overall population of the area has only gotten more and more diverse with the rise in condominium projects. In Minneapolis, Minnesota areas surrounding Loring Park, site of the local LGBT pride festival, are regarded as a "gay" neighborhood, though many gay and lesbian people have migrated to more residential neighborhoods such as Bryn Mawr and Whittier. In Tampa, Florida, the gay community was traditionally spread out among several neighborhoods. In the early 21st century, the Ybor City National Historic Landmark District has seen the creation of the GaYbor District, which is now the center of gay and lesbian life in the Tampa Bay area and home to the majority of gay bars and dance clubs, restaurants, and service organizations. Orlando, Florida, the gay community is centered around the neighborhoods of Thornton Park and Eola Heights. Church and Wellesley is an LGBT-oriented community located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is roughly bounded by Gould Street to the south, Yonge Street to the west, Charles Street to the north, and Jarvis Street to the east, with the intersection of Church and Wellesley Streets at the centre of this area. Though some gay and lesbian oriented establishments can be found outside of this area, the general boundaries of this village have been defined by the Gay Toronto Tourism Guild.[30] Many LGBT people also live in the nearby residential neighbourhoods of The Annex, Cabbagetown, St. James Town and Riverdale, and in smaller numbers throughout the city and its suburbs. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, established a GLBT-friendly Village along Bank Street in Centretown on November 4, 2011 when the City of Ottawa installed 6 street signs at the intersections of Bank/Nepean, Bank/Somerset and Bank/James. This is the cap to an historic year and six years of lobbying, where the Village installed two public art projects in addition to tripling the number of rainbow flags in the Village area. The Village in Ottawa features a diverse mix of businesses and organizations, many of which cater to or of specific interest to the GLBT community, and has a high concentration of GLBT persons living and working in the area. Asbury Park, New Jersey and the adjacent town of Ocean Grove, New Jersey house a large gay community.[citation needed] Many vacationers who visit Asbury Park are gay, and the city houses New Jersey's only gay hotel, The Empress Hotel.[citation needed] Collingswood, New Jersey, a suburb of Philadelphia, also houses a very large year 'round gay community. Ogunquit, Maine has a gay population of year-round residents and second homeowners.[31] In Sydney, Australia, Potts Point (aka "Poofs Point") and nearby Elizabeth Bay (aka "Betty Bay") are renowned for having the largest gay population in the city, with many gay run business. The area is known for having the highest density of population in Australia with many Art Deco apartment blocks. Newtown also has a sizable gay population but it has a more gritty bohemian feel. In some cities, such as Stockholm, Helsinki, Tel Aviv, Austin, Texas, and Copenhagen, there are no established gay villages, partly due to the differing social dynamics of these cities (less social segregation within the city), but also due to earlier and greater social acceptance of the gay community within mainstream society.[citation needed] However, there are areas which were historically known as meeting places for gays, such as Södermalm in Stockholm, Punavuori and Kallio in Helsinki, which remain as somewhat trendy areas for gay people to live in, though they do not have a predominantly gay population. In some towns and cities in the UK, A gay competition is held which holds the name of "Queer of the Year", This annual award is currently held by the online user @mc_loud_1.

LGBT populations[edit] Top LGBT populations in Brazilian cities[edit] Main article: LGBT people in Brazil LGBT part of Ipanema Beach in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In 2009, a survey conducted by the University of São Paulo in 10 Brazilian state capitals estimated that 7.8% of Brazil's male population was gay and 2.6% was bisexual (a total of 10.4%), while 4.9% of the female population was estimated to be lesbian and 1.4% bisexual (a total of 6.3%).[32] In the city of Rio de Janeiro, 19.3% of the male population was estimated to be gay or bisexual. Among the female population in the city of Manaus, 10.2% were estimated to be lesbian or bisexual.[32] Rank City Percentage of City Population LGBT Population rank 1 Rio de Janeiro 14.30% 1 2 Fortaleza 9.35% 2 3 Manaus 8.35% 3 4 São Paulo 8.20% 4 5 Salvador 8.05% 5 6 Brasília 7.95% 6 7 Belo Horizonte 6.85% 7 8 Curitiba 6.55% 8 9 Porto Alegre 5.95% 9 10 Cuiabá 5.65% 10 Top LGBT populations in U.S.A.[edit] The U.S. city with the highest gay population is New York with an estimated 272,493 gay residents.[33] Los Angeles is second with 154,270, followed by Chicago with 114,449 and San Francisco with 94,234. The highest percentage of LGBT residents is Washington, D.C, the nation's capital, reportedly at 10 percent.[34] The U.S. metropolitan areas with the most gay residents are New York–Northern New Jersey–Long Island, with an estimated 568,903 gay residents, followed by Los Angeles–Long Beach–Santa Ana with 442,211, and Chicago–Naperville–Joliet, Illinois–Indiana–Wisconsin with 288,748.[35] The following charts show a list of the top U.S. cities, states, and metro areas with: the highest population of gay residents, and the highest percentage of gay residents within city limits. (LGBT population as a percentage of total residents).[33] The numbers given are estimates based on American Community Survey. By U.S. city[edit] LGBT Adult Percentage by State in 2012. Cities with the highest percentage of LGBTs in 2006. Rank City Percentage of City Population LGBT Population population rank 1 New York City 4.5% 272,493 1 2 Los Angeles 5.6% 154,270 2 3 Chicago 5.7% 114,449 3 4 San Francisco 15.4% 94,234 4 5 Phoenix 6.4% 63,222 5 6 Houston 4.4% 61,976 6 7 San Diego 6.8% 61,945 7 8 Dallas 7.0% 58,473 8 9 Seattle 12.9% 57,993 9 10 Boston 12.3% 50,540 10 11 Philadelphia 4.2% 43,320 11 12 Atlanta 12.8% 39,085 12 13 San Jose 5.8% 37,260 13 Rank City Percentage of City Population LGBT Population population rank 1 San Francisco 15.4% 94,234 4 2 Seattle 12.9% 57,993 9 3 Atlanta 12.8% 39,805 12 4 Minneapolis 12.5% 34,295 16 5 Boston 12.3% 50,540 10 6 Sacramento 9.8% 32,108 20 7 Portland 8.8% 35,413 14 8 Denver 8.2% 33,698 17 9 Washington 8.1% 32,599 18 10 Orlando 7.7% 12,508 36 11 Salt Lake City 7.6% 14,201 32 12 Dallas 7.0% 58,473 8 By U.S. metropolitan area[edit] Rank Metro Area Percentage of Metro Population LGBT Population population rank 1 San Francisco 8.2% 256,313 4 2 Seattle 6.5% 156,051 11 3 Boston 6.2% 201,344 5 4 Portland 6.1% 94,027 21 5 Tampa 5.9% 119,044 16 6 Austin 5.9% 61,732 29 7 Denver 5.8% 99,027 19 8 Minneapolis 5.7% 130,472 15 9 Orlando 5.7% 81,272 24 10 Hartford 5.6% 49,000 33 Rank Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area LGB LGB% population 1 New York City – Northern New Jersey – Long Island, New York 568,903 2.6% 2 Los Angeles – Long Beach, California – Santa Ana, California 442,211 2.7% 3 Chicago–Naperville–Joliet, Illinois 288,478 3.1% 4 San Francisco – Oakland – San Jose, California 256,313 3.6% 5 Boston – Cambridge, Massachusetts – Quincy, Massachusetts 201,344 3.4% 6 Washington Metropolitan Area 191,959 2.5% 7 Dallas – Fort Worth – Arlington, Texas 183,718 3.5% 8 Miami – Miami Beach – Fort Lauderdale 183,346 4.7% 9 Atlanta – Marietta, Georgia – Sandy Springs, Georgia 180,168 4.3% 10 Philadelphia – Camden, New Jersey – Wilmington, Delaware 179,459 2.8% By U.S. state[edit] Rank State Percentage of State Population LGBT Population population rank 1 California 5.2% 1,338,164 1 2 Florida 4.6% 609,219 2 3 New York 4.2% 592,337 3 4 Texas 3.6% 579,968 4 5 Illinois 3.8% 345,395 5 6 Ohio 4.0% 335,110 6 7 Pennsylvania 3.5% 323,454 7 8 Georgia 4.3% 278,943 8 9 Massachusetts 5.7% 269,074 9 10 Washington 5.7% 266,983 10 Rank State LGBT Population Percentage of State Population population 1 District of Columbia 8.1% 47,651 2 New Hampshire 6.6% 81,561 3 Washington 5.7% 335,964 4 Massachusetts 5.7% 361,898 5 Maine 5.2% 66,295 6 California 5.2% 1,895,792 7 Colorado 5.1% 219,364 8 Vermont 5.1% 31,050 9 New Mexico 4.9% 99,085 10 Minnesota 4.7% 231,215

See also[edit] LGBT portal Community portal Homosocialization LGBT tourism Gay villages in the UK

Notes[edit] ^ Eli Rosenberg (June 24, 2016). "Stonewall Inn Named National Monument, a First for the Gay Rights Movement". The New York Times. Retrieved June 25, 2016.  ^ a b "Workforce Diversity The Stonewall Inn, National Historic Landmark National Register Number: 99000562". National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved April 21, 2016.  ^ Hayasaki, Erika (May 18, 2007). "A new generation in the West Village". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 21, 2016.  ^ Michael Musto (April 26, 2016). "Gay Dance Clubs on the Wane in the Age of Grindr". The New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2016.  ^ Deborah Goldstein (July 27, 2010). "Where the Gays Are - Are Maplewood and South Orange the gay-family Mecca of the tri-state area? Maplewood, NJ". Maplewood Patch. Retrieved April 23, 2016.  ^ Castells (1983) p. 160. ^ "Bienvenue au Village gai de Montréal !". Un monde un village. Retrieved 2013-09-05.  ^ Huqueriza, Chris. "Gay destinations on the rise off the beaten track". dot429. Retrieved 17 June 2014.  ^ Grush, Loren (January 26, 2010). "Magazine Ranks Austin Among Top 10 Gay Friendly Cities". ABC News. Retrieved 17 June 2014.  ^ Castells, 1983 p.141 ^ Associated Press (June 23, 2015). "NYC grants landmark status to gay rights movement building". North Jersey Media Group. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved June 23, 2015.  ^ Eli Rosenberg (June 24, 2016). "Stonewall Inn Named National Monument, a First for the Gay Rights Movement". The New York Times. Retrieved June 24, 2016.  ^ "San Francisco Bay Guardian - Looking for a Guardian article?". Retrieved 14 February 2018.  ^ ^ "Tourism Office of Provincetown, MA". 2012-01-31. Archived from the original on 2012-07-13. Retrieved 2013-09-05.  ^ "The U.S. Census Declares the Gayest City in America". 2011-08-22. Archived from the original on 2013-08-20. Retrieved 2013-09-05.  ^ "Resort Town Results - Best of GayCities 2011". GayCities. Retrieved 2013-09-05.  ^ "Calendar of Events". 2013-05-16. Archived from the original on 2013-09-09. Retrieved 2013-09-05.  ^ Skiba, Bob (14 February 2014). "The Roots of the Gayborhood, The Eve of a Milestone". William Way Center. Retrieved 12 June 2014.  ^ "Official census of the Gay Village Montreal 2001" (PDF) (in French). Retrieved 2013-11-17.  ^ "Link" (PDF).  ^ "Link" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-02-03.  ^ Peter Lloyd (27 October 2011). "Liverpool's Homotopia festival returns for 8th year". Diva Mag. Archived from the original on 12 November 2011. Retrieved 2012-06-20.  ^ [1] Archived May 14, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Proud Mersey - Over 40,000 attend Liverpool Pride 2011 | News". Liverpool Pride. Archived from the original on 2013-05-11. Retrieved 2013-09-05.  ^ Jane Tyler (2011-05-31). "Gay Pride hailed a success by West Midlands Police". Birmingham Mail. Retrieved 2013-09-05.  ^ "Welcome to Birmingham Pride 2012". Birmingham Pride. Retrieved 2012-06-22.  ^ "Marcus Collins to headline Liverpool Pride 2012". Bay TV Liverpool. Retrieved 2012-06-22.  ^ "Gaybourhood and City Life, Thinking Allowed - BBC Radio 4". BBC. Retrieved 14 February 2018.  ^ [2] Archived January 18, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Gay Ogunquit: Lodging, Travel and Nightlife in Ogunquit, Maine". Retrieved 14 February 2018.  ^ a b "Mosaic Brazil Sexuality Project". MundoMais. Archived from the original on February 19, 2015. Retrieved 23 March 2015.  ^ a b Gates, Gary J. (2006). "Same-sex Couples and the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Population: New Estimates from the American Community Survey" (PDF). The Williams Institute on Sexual Orientation Law and Public Policy, UCLA School of Law October. Retrieved April 20, 2007.  ^ "LGBT Percentage Highest in DC, Lowest in North Dakota". Retrieved 14 February 2018.  ^ Note: the study cited is unclear as to the exact metro NY area that is included; on table 5, page 8, "New York–Northern New Jersey–Long Island" is included, but in Appendix 2, page 15, Pennsylvania also seems to be included as it states "New York–Northern New Jersey–Long Island, New York–NJ–PA")

References[edit] Cante, Richard C. (March 2008). Gay Men and the Forms of Contemporary US Culture. London: Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 0-7546-7230-1. ISBN 0-7546-7230-1.  Castells, Manuel 1983. The City and the Grassroots: A Cross-Cultural Theory of Urban Social Movements. Berkeley, Los Angeles: University of California Press. D'Emilio, John 1992. Making Trouble: Essays on Gay History, Politics, and the University. New York, London: Routledge. Escoffier, Jeffrey 1998. American Homo: Community and Perversity. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. Florida, Richard 2002. The Rise of the Creative Class: And How It's Transforming Work, Leisure, Community and Everyday Life. New York: Perseus Books Group. Forest, Benjamin (1995). "West Hollywood as Symbol: The Significance of Place in the Construction of a Gay Identity". Environment and Planning D: Society and Space. 13 (2): 133–157. doi:10.1068/d130133.  Kenney, Moira Rachel 1998. "Remember, Stonewall was a Riot: Understanding Gay and Lesbian Experience in the City" Chapter 5, pp. 120–132 in: Leoni Sandercock (ed) Making the Invisible Visible. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. Lauria, Mickey; Knopp, Lawrence (1985). "Toward an Analysis of the Role of Gay Communities in the Urban Renaissance". Urban Geography. 6 (2): 152–169. doi:10.2747/0272-3638.6.2.152.  Levine, Martin P. 1979. "Gay Ghetto" pp. 182–204 in: Martin Levine (ed) Gay Men: The Sociology of Male Homosexuality. New York, Hagerstown, San Francisco, London: Harper & Row. Ray, Brian and Damaris Rose 2000. "Cities of the Everyday: Socio-Spatial Perspectives on Gender, Difference, and Diversity" pp. 507–512 in: Trudi Bunting and Pierre Filion (eds). Canadian Cities in Transition: The Twenty-First Century. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gay village. Memoir and history of gay Upper West Side in Manhattan, NYC Counting Gay New York (Gotham Gazette, July 2001) v t e Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) topics Academic fields Discourse LGBT topics in education Gender studies Lavender linguistics Lesbian feminism LGBT literature LGBT/Queer studies Queer theory Transfeminism Community Culture Anthems Bars Bisexual community Coming out Community center Cross-dressers Drag king Drag queen Fiction topics Gay friendly Icons Lesbian utopia Literature Music Neighborhoods Organizations Periodicals Pride Pride parade Religious groups Rodeos Same-sex relationships Slang List of slang terms Slogans Sports Symbols Tourism Category:LGBT culture Gender identities Sexual identities Sexual diversities Gender identities Androgyne Bigender Boi Cisgender Female Gender bender Gender neutrality Genderqueer Male Pangender Transfeminine Transgender Trans man Transmasculine Transsexual Trans woman Womyn Third sex / Third gender Akava'ine Androgynos Bakla Bissu Eunuch Fa'afafine Fakaleiti Femminiello Hijra Kathoey Khanith Köçek Mahu Mak nyah Mukhannathun Muxe Sworn virgins Takatāpui Tomboy Travesti Tumtum Two-Spirit Winkte Sexual orientation identities Sexual orientations Asexual Bisexual Heterosexual Homosexual Attraction to transgender people Banjee Bi-curious Ex-gay Ex-ex-gay Gay Heteroflexible Lesbian Monosexual Non-heterosexual Pansexual Polyamorous Queer Questioning Romantic orientation Same gender loving Related Gender and Sexual Diversity Erotic target location error Gender roles Human female sexuality Human male sexuality Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures Intersex Hermaphrodite History LGBT history History of homosexuality History of lesbianism LGBT history timeline Social movements History of Christianity and homosexuality History of same-sex unions Pederasty Category:LGBT history Pre-modern era Adelphopoiesis Homosexuality in ancient Egypt Homosexuality in ancient Greece Homosexuality in ancient Peru Homosexuality in ancient Rome Homosexuality in medieval Europe 16th to 19th century Mollies Urnings 20th century Homosexuals in Nazi Germany and the Holocaust Sea queens Stonewall riots Festival of Light action White Night riots 21st century Timeline of same-sex marriage LGBTQ culture in New York City Stonewall National Monument Rights and legal issues LGBT rights by country or territory Africa Americas Asia Europe Oceania List of LGBT rights articles by region LGBT rights topics Adoption Civil unions and partnerships Hate crime laws Intersex human rights Military service Parenting Same-sex marriage Timeline List of couples Socialism Sodomy laws Transgender rights United Nations/Yogyakarta Principles La Francophonie Commonwealth of Nations LGBT rights movements Homophile Gay liberation LGBT rights groups LGBT rights activists Pink capitalism Sexual orientations – Medicine, science and sexology Biology Birth order Demographics Environment Heterosexual–homosexual continuum Homosexuality and psychology Kinsey scale Klein Grid Neuroscience Prenatal hormones Sexual inversion Sexual orientation change efforts Sexual orientation identity Timeline of sexual orientation and medicine Social attitudes Prejudice Violence Social attitudes Anti-LGBT slogans Heteronormativity Heteropatriarchy Homonationalism Pinkwashing Gay panic LGBT rights opposition LGBT stereotypes Religion and homosexuality Transgenderism and religion Prejudice and discrimination AIDS stigma Biphobia Genderism Heterosexism Homophobia Internalized homophobia Lesbophobia Non-binary discrimination Riddle scale SPLC-designated list of anti-gay U.S. hate groups Transmisogyny Transphobia Violence against LGBT people Corrective rape Death penalty for homosexuality Gay bashing History of violence in the UK History of violence in the US Orlando nightclub shooting Significant acts of violence against LGBT people Trans bashing Unlawfully killed transgender people LGBT suicides Category Portal Retrieved from "" Categories: Gay villagesHidden categories: CS1 French-language sources (fr)Webarchive template wayback linksArticles lacking in-text citations from April 2016All articles lacking in-text citationsArticles to be merged from March 2017All articles to be mergedArticles needing additional references from February 2007All articles needing additional referencesAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from May 2009Articles with unsourced statements from July 2007Commons category with page title different than on Wikidata

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages العربيةБългарскиCymraegDeutschEspañolEsperantoفارسیFrançais한국어Bahasa IndonesiaItalianoKurdîLatviešu日本語PolskiPortuguêsRomânăРусскийСаха тылаکوردیСрпски / srpskiSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиTürkçeУкраїнськаTiếng ViệtZazaki中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 2 March 2018, at 11:04. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.584","walltime":"0.717","ppvisitednodes":{"value":3932,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":182884,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":16118,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":16,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":5,"limit":500},"unstrip-depth":{"value":0,"limit":20},"unstrip-size":{"value":35084,"limit":5000000},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 551.025 1 -total"," 31.85% 175.476 1 Template:Reflist"," 15.36% 84.640 25 Template:Cite_web"," 12.07% 66.529 1 Template:Infobox_Chinese"," 10.58% 58.322 3 Template:Infobox"," 9.82% 54.095 1 Template:LGBT"," 9.70% 53.453 1 Template:More_footnotes"," 9.29% 51.199 1 Template:Navbox_with_collapsible_groups"," 8.35% 46.032 4 Template:Cite_news"," 8.30% 45.745 3 Template:Citation_needed"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.242","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":6663314,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1267","timestamp":"20180314002917","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":89,"wgHostname":"mw1327"});});

Gay_village - Photos and All Basic Informations

Gay_village More Links

Wikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:WikiProject Fact And Reference CheckWikipedia:When To CiteHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalGay Villages In The UKWikipedia:MergingTalk:Gay Villages In The UKStonewall InnGreenwich VillageManhattanGay RightsEnlargeEnlargeEnlargeSoho, LondonEnlargeUnited Buddy BearsNollendorfplatzBerlinEnlargeMontrealGay Village, MontrealLesbianGayBisexualityTransgenderLGBTGay BarsGay NightclubGay BathhouseRestaurantBoutiqueBookstoreGreenwich VillageChelsea, ManhattanHell's Kitchen, ManhattanSouth End, BostonProvincetown, MassachusettsBoystown, ChicagoWashington Square West, PhiladelphiaDupont CircleSohoBirmingham Gay VillageCanal Street (Manchester)EnglandWest HollywoodSitgesChurch And WellesleyCastro District, San FranciscoChuecaNewtown, New South WalesSchönebergThe Gay StreetLe MaraisGreen Point, Cape TownCape TownMelville, GautengJohannesburgAsbury Park, New JerseyMaplewood, New JerseyMontclair, New JerseyLambertville, New JerseyNew JerseyWilton Manors, FloridaFloridaMidtown AtlantaGay Village, MontrealMontrose, HoustonHillcrest, San DiegoSt Leo Neighborhood, San Jose, CaliforniaOak Lawn, DallasLavender Heights, Sacramento, CaliforniaCapitol Hill (Seattle)Gay FriendlyManhattanHomophobiaGentrificationTower BlockJewsLGBTHoboProstituteBohemianismInner CityHomophobiaBiphobiaTransphobiaCountercultureThe CastroCapitol Hill, Seattle, WAMontrealCentre-SudGay Village, MontrealAustin, TexasEnlargeRainbow Flag (gay Movement)The Castro, San Francisco, CaliforniaSan FranciscoGay PrideLGBTSchönebergBerlinNollendorfplatzSocial NetworkStonewall InnStonewall RebellionNew York City Landmarks Preservation CommissionStonewall National MonumentList Of U.S. National MonumentsGentrificationNew York CityChelsea, ManhattanGreenwich VillageHouse PriceWest Village, ManhattanBostonSouth End, BostonJamaica PlainChicagoAndersonville, ChicagoBoystown, ChicagoLakeview, ChicagoWest HollywoodLos AngelesWilton ManorsMiami, FloridaFort LauderdaleEnlargeChuecaMadrid MetroMadridUrban RenaissanceLeather SubcultureRichard FloridaCreative ClassEnlargeSydney Mardi GrasPride ParadeSydneySydney Gay And Lesbian Mardi GrasManchester PrideWorld OutgamesGay GamesWikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Maintenance Template RemovalList Of Gay VillagesEnlargeNollendorfplatzMotzstrasseEnlargeEnlargeTorontoChurch And WellesleyProvincetown, MassachusettsAndrew SullivanJohn Waters (filmmaker)Kate ClintonDavie VillageVancouverWest End, VancouverSouth BeachMiami Beach, FloridaWashington Square West, Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaLGBT Culture In PhiladelphiaWashington, D.C.The Short NorthColumbus, OhioMontrealGay Village, MontrealFrench LanguageSan FranciscoManchesterBrightonUKSydneyCape TownMykonosEnlargeLiverpoolEnglandLiverpool Gay QuarterHomotopia (festival)Rainbow Flag (LGBT Movement)Liverpool Gay QuarterLGBT Social MovementsLGBT Culture In LiverpoolBirmingham PrideLiverpool PrideBirmingham Gay VillageLiverpool Gay QuarterPier HeadManchesterCanal Street (Manchester)Greater ManchesterCentral Business DistrictCanal Street (Manchester)Queer As Folk (UK)ManchesterUnited KingdomITV (TV Network)Coronation StreetHebden BridgeLe MaraisParisGay BarEuropeSitgesBarcelonaHillcrest, San Diego, CaliforniaMinneapolisMinnesotaLoring ParkTampa, FloridaYbor CityGaYborOrlando, FloridaChurch And WellesleyTorontoOntarioThe AnnexCabbagetown, TorontoSt. James TownRiverdale, TorontoOttawaAsbury Park, New JerseyOcean Grove, New JerseyWikipedia:Citation NeededAsbury ParkGayNew JerseyThe Empress Hotel (New Jersey)Wikipedia:Citation NeededCollingswood, New JerseyPhiladelphiaOgunquitMaineSydneyAustraliaPotts PointElizabeth Bay, New South WalesArt DecoNewtown, New South WalesStockholmHelsinkiTel AvivAustin, TexasCopenhagenWikipedia:Citation NeededSödermalmPunavuoriKallioUKLGBT People In BrazilEnlargeIpanemaRio De JaneiroBrazilUniversity Of São PauloList Of Capitals In BrazilGayBisexualLesbianBisexualRio De JaneiroGayBisexualManausLesbianBisexualRio De JaneiroFortalezaManausSão PauloSalvador, BahiaBrasíliaBelo HorizonteCuritibaPorto AlegreCuiabáWashington, D.CEnlargeEnlargeNew York CityLos AngelesChicagoSan FranciscoPhoenix, ArizonaHoustonSan DiegoDallasSeattleBostonPhiladelphiaAtlantaSan Jose, CaliforniaSan FranciscoSeattleAtlantaMinneapolisBostonSacramentoPortland, OregonDenverWashington, D.C.Orlando, FloridaSalt Lake City, UtahDallas, TexasSan Francisco BaySeattle Metropolitan AreaGreater BostonPortland Metropolitan AreaTampa Bay AreaAustin-Round Rock Metropolitan AreaDenver-Aurora Metropolitan AreaMinneapolis-Saint PaulOrlando-Kissimmee, Florida, Metropolitan Statistical AreaGreater HartfordNorthern New JerseyLong Island, New YorkLong Beach, CaliforniaSanta Ana, CaliforniaChicago–Naperville–JolietIllinoisOaklandSan Jose, CaliforniaBostonCambridge, MassachusettsQuincy, MassachusettsWashington Metropolitan AreaDallasFort WorthArlington, TexasMiamiMiami BeachFort LauderdaleAtlantaMarietta, GeorgiaSandy Springs, GeorgiaPhiladelphiaCamden, New JerseyWilmington, DelawareCaliforniaFloridaNew York (state)TexasIllinoisOhioPennsylvaniaGeorgia (U.S. State)MassachusettsWashington (state)District Of ColumbiaNew HampshireWashington (state)MassachusettsMaineCaliforniaColoradoVermontNew MexicoMinnesotaPortal:LGBTPortal:CommunityHomosocializationLGBT TourismGay Villages In The UKABC NewsWayback MachineWayback MachineInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7546-7230-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7546-7230-1Digital Object IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierTemplate:LGBTTemplate Talk:LGBTLesbianGayBisexualityTransgenderLGBTList Of Academic DisciplinesDiscourseLGBT Topics In EducationGender StudiesLavender LinguisticsLesbian FeminismLGBT LiteratureQueer StudiesQueer TheoryTransfeminismLGBT CommunityLGBT CultureGay AnthemGay BarBisexual CommunityComing OutLGBT Community CentreCross-dressingDrag KingDrag QueenTemplate:LGBT FictionGay FriendlyGay IconLesbian UtopiaLGBT LiteratureLGBT MusicList Of LGBT-related OrganizationsList Of LGBT PeriodicalsGay PridePride ParadeLGBT-affirming Religious GroupsGay RodeoSame-sex RelationshipLGBT SlangList Of LGBT Slang TermsLGBT SlogansHomosexuality In SportsLGBT SymbolsLGBT TourismCategory:LGBT CultureGender IdentitySexual IdentitySexual DiversityGender IdentityAndrogynyBigenderBoi (slang)CisgenderFemaleGender BenderGender NeutralityGenderqueerMalePangenderTransfeminineTransgenderTrans ManTransmasculineTranssexualTrans WomanWomynThird GenderAkava'ineAndrogynosBaklaBissuEunuchFa'afafineFakaleitiFemminielloHijra (South Asia)KathoeyKhanithKöçekMahu (person)Mak NyahMukhannathunMuxeSworn VirginsTakatāpuiTomboyTravestiTumtum (Judaism)Two-SpiritWinkteSexual Orientation IdentitySexual OrientationAsexualityBisexualityHeterosexualityHomosexualityAttraction To Transgender PeopleBanjeeBi-curiousEx-gay MovementEx-ex-gayGayHeteroflexibleLesbianMonosexualityNon-heterosexualPansexualityPolyamoryQueerQuestioning (sexuality And Gender)Romantic OrientationSame Gender LovingGender And Sexual DiversityErotic Target Location ErrorGender RolesHuman Female SexualityHuman Male SexualitySexuality And Gender Identity-based CulturesIntersexHermaphroditeLGBT HistoryLGBT HistoryHistory Of HomosexualityHistory Of LesbianismTimeline Of LGBT HistoryLGBT Social MovementsHistory Of Christianity And HomosexualityHistory Of Same-sex UnionsPederastyCategory:LGBT HistoryLGBT Pride FlagAdelphopoiesisHomosexuality In Ancient EgyptHomosexuality In Ancient GreeceHomosexuality In Ancient PeruHomosexuality In Ancient RomeHomosexuality In Medieval EuropeMolly HouseUranianPersecution Of Homosexuals In Nazi Germany And The HolocaustSea QueensStonewall RiotsUK Gay Liberation Front 1971 Festival Of Light ActionWhite Night RiotsTimeline Of Same-sex MarriageLGBTQ Culture In New York CityStonewall National MonumentLGBT Rights By Country Or TerritoryLGBT Rights By Country Or TerritoryLGBT Rights In AfricaLGBT Rights In The AmericasLGBT Rights In AsiaLGBT Rights In EuropeLGBT Rights In OceaniaList Of LGBT Rights Articles By RegionLGBT AdoptionCivil UnionHate CrimeIntersex Human RightsSexual Orientation And Military ServiceLGBT ParentingSame-sex MarriageTimeline Of Same-sex MarriageList Of Same-sex Married CouplesSocialism And LGBT RightsSodomy LawTransgender RightsLGBT Rights At The United NationsYogyakarta PrinciplesLGBT Rights In La FrancophonieLGBT Rights In The Commonwealth Of NationsLGBT Social MovementsHomophileGay LiberationList Of LGBT Rights OrganizationsList Of LGBT Rights ActivistsPink CapitalismSexual OrientationBiology And Sexual OrientationFraternal Birth Order And Male Sexual OrientationDemographics Of Sexual OrientationEnvironment And Sexual OrientationHeterosexual–homosexual ContinuumHomosexuality And PsychologyKinsey ScaleKlein Sexual Orientation GridNeuroscience And Sexual OrientationPrenatal Hormones And Sexual OrientationSexual Inversion (sexology)Sexual Orientation Change EffortsSexual Orientation IdentityTimeline Of Sexual Orientation And MedicineSocietal Attitudes Toward HomosexualityPrejudiceViolence Against LGBT PeopleSocietal Attitudes Toward HomosexualityAnti-LGBT SlogansHeteronormativityHeteropatriarchyHomonationalismPinkwashing (LGBT)Gay Panic DefenseLGBT Rights OppositionLGBT StereotypesReligion And HomosexualityTransgenderism And ReligionPrejudiceDiscriminationDiscrimination Against People With HIV/AIDSBiphobiaGenderismHeterosexismHomophobiaEgo-dystonic Sexual OrientationLesbophobiaNon-binary DiscriminationRiddle ScaleList Of Organizations Designated By The Southern Poverty Law Center As Anti-gay Hate GroupsTransmisogynyTransphobiaViolence Against LGBT PeopleCorrective RapeDeath Penalty For HomosexualityGay BashingHistory Of Violence Against LGBT People In The United KingdomHistory Of Violence Against LGBT People In The United StatesOrlando Nightclub ShootingSignificant Acts Of Violence Against LGBT PeopleTrans BashingList Of Unlawfully Killed Transgender PeopleList Of LGBT-related SuicidesCategory:LGBTPortal:LGBTHelp:CategoryCategory:Gay VillagesCategory:CS1 French-language Sources (fr)Category:Webarchive Template Wayback LinksCategory:Articles Lacking In-text Citations From April 2016Category:All Articles Lacking In-text CitationsCategory:Articles To Be Merged From March 2017Category:All Articles To Be MergedCategory:Articles Needing Additional References From February 2007Category:All Articles Needing Additional ReferencesCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From May 2009Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From July 2007Category:Commons Category With Page Title Different Than On WikidataDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link