Contents 1 Early life 2 Career 2.1 1960s 2.2 1970s 2.2.1 Patton (1970) 2.2.2 The Godfather (1972) 2.2.3 The Conversation (1974) 2.2.4 The Great Gatsby (1974) 2.2.5 The Godfather Part II (1974) 2.2.6 Apocalypse Now (1979) 2.3 1980s 2.3.1 One from the Heart (1982) 2.3.2 Hammett (1982) 2.3.3 The Outsiders (1983) 2.3.4 Rumble Fish (1983) 2.3.5 The Cotton Club (1984) 2.3.6 Rip Van Winkle (1984) 2.3.7 Captain EO (1986) 2.3.8 Peggy Sue Got Married (1986) 2.3.9 Gardens of Stone (1987) 2.3.10 Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988) 2.3.11 New York Stories (1989) 2.4 1990s 2.4.1 The Godfather Part III (1990) 2.4.2 Bram Stoker's Dracula (1992) 2.4.3 Jack (1996) 2.4.4 The Rainmaker (1997) 2.4.5 Pinocchio dispute with Warner Bros. 2.4.6 Contact dispute with Carl Sagan/Warner Bros. 2.5 2000s 2.5.1 Youth Without Youth (2007) 2.5.2 Tetro (2009) 2.6 2010s 2.6.1 Twixt (2011) 2.6.2 Distant Vision (2015) 3 Commercial ventures 3.1 American Zoetrope 3.2 Zoetrope Virtual Studio 3.3 Inglenook Winery 3.4 Uptown Theater 3.5 Francis Ford Coppola Presents 3.5.1 Winery 3.5.2 Resorts 3.5.3 Cafe and restaurant 3.5.4 Literary publications 4 Other ventures 5 Honors 6 Filmography 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Early life[edit] Coppola was born in Detroit, Michigan, to father Carmine Coppola (1910–1991),[5] a flautist with the Detroit Symphony Orchestra, and mother Italia Coppola (née Pennino; 1912–2004). Coppola is the middle of three children: his older brother was August Coppola, his younger sister is actress Talia Shire. Born into a family of Italian immigrant ancestry, his paternal grandparents came to the United States from Bernalda, Basilicata.[6] His maternal grandfather, popular Italian composer Francesco Pennino, immigrated from Naples, Italy.[7] Coppola received his middle name in honor of Henry Ford, not only because he was born in the Henry Ford Hospital but also because of his musician-father's association with the automobile manufacturer. At the time of Coppola's birth, his father was a flautist as well as arranger and assistant orchestra director for The Ford Sunday Evening Hour, an hour-long concert music radio series sponsored by the Ford Motor Company.[8][9][10] Two years after Coppola's birth, his father was named principal flautist for the NBC Symphony Orchestra and the family moved to New York, settling in Woodside, Queens, where Coppola spent the remainder of his childhood. Having contracted polio as a boy, Coppola was bedridden for large periods of his childhood, allowing him to indulge his imagination with homemade puppet theater productions. Reading A Streetcar Named Desire at age 15 was instrumental in developing his interest in theater.[11] Eager to be involved in film-craft, he created 8mm features edited from home movies with such titles as The Rich Millionaire and The Lost Wallet.[12] As a child, Coppola was a mediocre student, but he was so interested in technology and engineering that his friends nicknamed him "Science".[13] Trained initially for a career in music, he became proficient on the tuba and won a music scholarship to the New York Military Academy.[12] Overall, Coppola attended 23 other schools[14] before he eventually graduated from the Great Neck North High School.[15] He entered Hofstra College in 1955 with a major in theater arts. There he was awarded a scholarship in playwriting. This furthered his interest in directing theater despite the disapproval of his father, who wanted him to study engineering.[16] Coppola was profoundly impressed after seeing Sergei Eisenstein's October: Ten Days That Shook the World, especially with the movie's quality of editing. It was at this time Coppola decided he would go into cinema rather than theater.[16] Coppola says he was tremendously influenced to become a writer early on by his brother, August,[14] in whose footsteps he would also follow by attending both of his brother's alma maters: Hofstra and UCLA. Coppola also gives credit to the work of Elia Kazan and for its influence on him as a director.[14] Amongst Coppola's classmates at Hofstra were James Caan, Lainie Kazan and radio artist Joe Frank.[15][17] He later cast Lainie Kazan in One from the Heart and Caan in The Rain People and The Godfather. While pursuing his bachelor's degree, Coppola was elected president of the university's drama group, The Green Wig, and its musical comedy club, the Kaleidoscopians. He then merged the two into The Spectrum Players and under his leadership, they staged a new production each week. Coppola also founded the cinema workshop at Hofstra and contributed prolifically to the campus literary magazine.[12] He won three D. H. Lawrence Awards for theatrical production and direction and received a Beckerman Award for his outstanding contributions to the school's theater arts division.[18] While a graduate student, one of his teachers was Dorothy Arzner, whose encouragement Coppola later acknowledged as pivotal to his film career.[11]

Career[edit] 1960s[edit] After earning his theater arts degree from Hofstra in 1960, Coppola enrolled in UCLA Film School for graduate work in film.[12][19] There he directed a short horror film called The Two Christophers inspired by Edgar Allan Poe's "William Wilson", and Ayamonn the Terrible, a film about a sculptor's nightmares coming to life,[13] before directing the experimental softcore comedy Tonight for Sure in 1962.[15] At UCLA, Coppola met Jim Morrison. He later used Morrison's song "The End" in Apocalypse Now.[20] The company that hired him for Tonight for Sure brought him back to re-cut a German film titled Mit Eva fing die Sünde an directed by Fritz Umgelter. He added some new 3-D color footage and earned a writer's and director's credit for The Bellboy and the Playgirls, also a box-office failure. Coppola was hired as an assistant by Roger Corman and his first job for Corman was to dub and re-edit a Russian science fiction film, Nebo zovyot, which he turned into a sex-and-violence monster movie entitled Battle Beyond the Sun, released in 1962.[15] Impressed by Coppola's perseverance and dedication, Corman hired him as dialogue director on Tower of London (1962), sound man for The Young Racers (1963) and associate producer of The Terror (1963).[18] While on location in Ireland for The Young Racers in 1963, Corman, ever alert for an opportunity to produce a decent movie on a shoestring budget, persuaded Coppola to make a low-budget horror movie with funds left over from the movie.[18] Coppola wrote a brief draft story idea in one night, incorporating elements from Hitchcock's Psycho,[21] and the result impressed Corman enough to give him the go-ahead. On a budget of $40,000 ($20,000 from Corman and $20,000 from another producer who wanted to buy the movie's English rights),[21] Coppola directed in a period of nine days Dementia 13, his first feature from his own screenplay. The film recouped its expenses and later became a cult film among horror buffs. It was on the sets of Dementia 13 that he met his future wife Eleanor Jessie Neil. In 1965, Coppola won the annual Samuel Goldwyn Award for the best screenplay (Pilma, Pilma) written by a UCLA student.[12] This secured him a job as a scriptwriter with Seven Arts. In between, he co-wrote the scripts for This Property Is Condemned (1966) and Is Paris Burning? (1966). However, with fame still eluding him and partly out of desperation, Coppola bought the rights to the David Benedictus novel You're a Big Boy Now and fused it with a story idea of his own, resulting in You're a Big Boy Now (1966). This was his UCLA thesis project that also received a theatrical release via Warner Bros.[15] This movie brought him some critical acclaim and eventually his Master of Fine Arts Degree from UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television in 1967.[18][22] Following the success of You're a Big Boy Now, Coppola was offered the reins of the movie version of the Broadway musical Finian's Rainbow, starring Petula Clark in her first American film and veteran Fred Astaire. Producer Jack L. Warner was nonplussed by Coppola's shaggy-haired, bearded, "hippie" appearance and generally left him to his own devices. He took his cast to the Napa Valley for much of the outdoor shooting, but these scenes were in sharp contrast to those obviously filmed on a Hollywood soundstage, resulting in a disjointed look to the film. Dealing with outdated material at a time when the popularity of film musicals was already on the downslide, Coppola's result was only semi-successful, but his work with Clark no doubt[according to whom?] contributed to her Golden Globe Best Actress nomination. The film introduced to him George Lucas, who became his lifelong friend as well as production assistant in his next film The Rain People in 1969. It was written, directed and initially produced by Coppola himself, though as the movie advanced, he exceeded his budget and the studio had to underwrite the remainder of the movie.[15] The film won the Golden Shell at the 1969 San Sebastian Film Festival. In 1969, Coppola took it upon himself to subvert the studio system which he felt had stifled his visions, intending to produce mainstream pictures to finance off-beat projects and give first-time directors their chance to direct. He decided he would name his future studio "Zoetrope" after receiving a gift of zoetropes from Mogens Scot-Hansen, founder of a studio called Lanterna Film and owner of a famous collection of early motion picture-making equipment. While touring Europe, Coppola was introduced to alternative filmmaking equipment and inspired by the bohemian spirit of Lanterna Film, he decided he would build a deviant studio that would conceive and implement creative, unconventional approaches to filmmaking. Upon his return home, Coppola and George Lucas searched for a mansion in Marin County to house the studio. However, in 1969, with equipment flowing in and no mansion found yet, the first home for Zoetrope Studio became a warehouse in San Francisco on Folsom Street.[23] The studio went on to become an early adopter of digital filmmaking, including some of the earliest uses of HDTV. In his book The American Cinema, Andrew Sarris wrote, "[Coppola] is probably the first reasonably talented and sensibly adaptable directorial talent to emerge from a university curriculum in film-making... [He] may be heard from more decisively in the future."[24] 1970s[edit] Coppola in 1976 Coppola epitomized a group of filmmakers known as the "New Hollywood" that emerged in the early 1970s with ideas that challenged conventional film-making. The group included Steven Spielberg, Martin Scorsese, Brian De Palma, Terrence Malick, Robert Altman, Woody Allen, William Friedkin, Philip Kaufman and George Lucas.[15][25] Patton (1970)[edit] Main article: Patton (film) Coppola co-wrote the script for Patton in 1970 along with Edmund H. North. This earned him his first Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. However, it was not easy for Coppola to convince Franklin J. Schaffner that the opening scene would work. Coppola later revealed in an interview:[26] I wrote the script of Patton. And the script was very controversial when I wrote it, because they thought it was so stylized. It was supposed to be like, sort of, you know, The Longest Day. And my script of Patton was—I was sort of interested in the reincarnation. And I had this very bizarre opening where he stands up in front of an American flag and gives this speech. Ultimately, I wasn't fired, but I was fired, meaning that when the script was done, they said, "Okay, thank you very much," and they went and hired another writer and that script was forgotten. And I remember very vividly this long, kind of being raked over the coals for this opening scene. "When the title role was offered to George C. Scott, he remembered having read Coppola's screenplay earlier. He stated flatly that he would accept the part only if they used Coppola's script. 'Scott is the one who resurrected my version,' says Coppola."[27] The movie opens with Scott's rendering of Patton's famous military "Pep Talk" to members of the Third Army, set against a huge American flag. Coppola and North had to tone down Patton's actual language to avoid an R rating; in the opening monologue, the word "fornicating" replaced "fucking" when criticizing The Saturday Evening Post. Over the years, this opening monologue has become an iconic scene and has spawned parodies in numerous films, political cartoons and television shows. The Godfather (1972)[edit] Main article: The Godfather The release of The Godfather in 1972 was a milestone in cinema. The near 3-hour-long epic, which chronicled the saga of the Corleone family, received overwhelmingly positive reviews from critics and fetched Coppola the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, which he shared with Mario Puzo and two Golden Globe Awards: for Best Director and Best Screenplay. However, Coppola faced several difficulties while filming The Godfather. He was not Paramount's first choice to direct the movie; Italian director Sergio Leone was initially offered the job, but declined in order to direct his own gangster opus, Once Upon a Time in America.[28] Peter Bogdanovich was then approached but he also declined the offer and made What's Up, Doc? instead; Bogdanovich has often said that he would have cast Edward G. Robinson in the lead had he accepted the film. According to Robert Evans, head of Paramount Pictures at the time, Coppola also did not initially want to direct the film because he feared it would glorify the Mafia and violence and thus reflect poorly on his Sicilian and Italian heritage; on the other hand, Evans specifically wanted an Italian-American to direct the film because his research had shown that previous films about the Mafia that were directed by non-Italians had fared dismally at the box office and he wanted to, in his own words, "smell the spaghetti". When Coppola hit upon the idea of making it a metaphor for American capitalism, however, he eagerly agreed to take the helm.[29] There was disagreement between Paramount and Coppola on the issue of casting; Coppola stuck to his plan of casting Marlon Brando as Vito Corleone, though Paramount wanted either Ernest Borgnine or Danny Thomas. At one point, Coppola was told by the then-president of Paramount that "Marlon Brando will never appear in this motion picture". After pleading with the executives, Coppola was allowed to cast Brando only if he appeared in the film for much less salary than his previous films, perform a screen-test and put up a bond saying that he would not cause a delay in the production (as he had done on previous film sets).[30] Coppola chose Brando over Ernest Borgnine on the basis of Brando's screen test, which also won over the Paramount leadership. Brando later won an Academy Award for his portrayal, which he refused to accept. Coppola would later recollect:[21] The Godfather was a very unappreciated movie when we were making it. They were very unhappy with it. They didn't like the cast. They didn't like the way I was shooting it. I was always on the verge of getting fired. So it was an extremely nightmarish experience. I had two little kids, and the third one was born during that. We lived in a little apartment, and I was basically frightened that they didn't like it. They had as much as said that, so when it was all over I wasn't at all confident that it was going to be successful, and that I'd ever get another job. After it was released, the film received widespread praise. It went on to win multiple awards, including Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay for Coppola. The film routinely features at the top in various polls for the greatest movies ever. It has been selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry. In addition, it was ranked third, behind Citizen Kane, and Casablanca on the initial AFI's 100 Years…100 Movies list by the American Film Institute. It was moved up to second when the list was published again, in 2008.[31] Director Stanley Kubrick believed that The Godfather was possibly the greatest movie ever made and had without question the best cast.[32] The Conversation (1974)[edit] Main article: The Conversation Coppola's next film, The Conversation, further cemented his position as one of the most talented auteurs of Hollywood.[33] The movie was partly influenced by Michelangelo Antonioni's Blowup (1966)[34] and generated much interest when news leaked that the film utilized the very same surveillance and wire-tapping equipment that members of the Nixon administration used to spy on political opponents prior to the Watergate scandal. Coppola insisted that this was purely coincidental. The script for The Conversation, was completed in the mid-1960s (before the election of Richard Nixon); the spying equipment used in the film was developed through research and use of technical advisers and not by newspaper stories about the Watergate break-in. However, the audience interpreted the film to be a reaction to both the Watergate scandal and its fallout. The movie was a critical success and Coppola won his first Palme d'Or at the 1974 Cannes Film Festival. The Great Gatsby (1974)[edit] Main article: The Great Gatsby (1974 film) During the filming of The Conversation, Coppola wrote the screenplay for The Great Gatsby. However, in the commentary track to the DVD of The Godfather Coppola states, "I don't think that script was [actually] made."[35] The Godfather Part II (1974)[edit] Main article: The Godfather Part II Coppola shot The Godfather Part II parallel to The Conversation and it was the last major American motion picture to be filmed in Technicolor. George Lucas commented on the film after its five-hour-long preview, telling Coppola: "You have two films. Take one away, it doesn't work", referring to the movie's portrayal of two parallel storylines; one of a young Vito Corleone and the other of his son Michael. In the director's commentary on the DVD edition of the film (released in 2002), Coppola states that this film was the first major motion picture to use "Part II" in its title. Paramount was initially opposed to his decision to name the movie The Godfather Part II. According to Coppola, the studio's objection stemmed from the belief that audiences would be reluctant to see a film with such a title, as the audience would supposedly believe that, having already seen The Godfather, there was little reason to see an addition to the original story. However, the success of The Godfather Part II began the Hollywood tradition of numbered sequels. The movie was released in 1974 and went on to receive tremendous critical acclaim, with many deeming it superior to its predecessor.[36] It was nominated for 11 Academy Awards and received 6 Oscars, including 3 for Coppola: Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Director. The Godfather Part II is ranked as the #1 greatest movie of all time in TV Guide's "50 Best Movies of All Time"[37] and is ranked at #7 on Entertainment Weekly's list of the "100 Greatest Movies of All Time".[38] The film is also featured on movie critic Leonard Maltin's list of the "100 Must-See Films of the 20th Century",[39] as well as Roger Ebert's "Great Movies" list.[40] It was also featured on Sight & Sound's list of the ten greatest films of all time in 2002, ranking at #4.[41] Coppola was the third director to have two nominations for Best Picture in the same year. Victor Fleming was the first in 1939 with Gone With the Wind and The Wizard of Oz; Alfred Hitchcock repeated the feat the next year with Foreign Correspondent and Rebecca. Since Coppola, two other directors have done the same: Herbert Ross in 1977 with The Goodbye Girl and The Turning Point, and Steven Soderbergh in 2000 with Erin Brockovich and Traffic. Coppola, however, is the only one to have produced the pictures. Apocalypse Now (1979)[edit] Main article: Apocalypse Now Following the success of The Godfather, The Conversation and The Godfather Part II, Coppola began filming Apocalypse Now, an adaptation of Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness set in Cambodia during the Vietnam War (Coppola himself briefly appears as a TV news director). The production of the film was plagued by numerous problems, including typhoons, nervous breakdowns, the firing of Harvey Keitel, Martin Sheen's heart attack, extras from the Philippine military and half of the supplied helicopters leaving in the middle of scenes to go fight rebels and an unprepared Brando with a bloated appearance (which Coppola attempted to hide by shooting him in the shadows). It was delayed so often it was nicknamed Apocalypse When?[42] The 1991 documentary film Hearts of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse, directed by Eleanor Coppola (Francis's wife), Fax Bahr and George Hickenlooper, chronicles the difficulties the crew went through making Apocalypse Now and features behind-the-scenes footage filmed by Eleanor. After filming Apocalypse Now, Coppola famously stated:[43] "We were in the jungle, there were too many of us, we had access to too much money, too much equipment and little by little, we went insane." The film was overwhelmingly lauded by critics when it finally appeared in 1979 and was selected for the 1979 Cannes Film Festival, winning the Palme d'Or along with The Tin Drum, directed by Volker Schlöndorff. When the film screened at Cannes, he quipped:[42] "My film is not about Vietnam, it is Vietnam." Apocalypse Now's reputation has grown in time and it is now regarded by many as a masterpiece of the New Hollywood era and is frequently cited as one of the greatest movies ever made.[15][44][45][46] Roger Ebert considers it to be the finest film on the Vietnam War and included it in his list for the 2002 Sight & Sound critics' poll of the greatest movies ever made.[47][48] In 2001, Coppola re-released Apocalypse Now as Apocalypse Now Redux, restoring several sequences lost from the original 1979 cut of the film, thereby expanding its length to 200 minutes. 1980s[edit] One from the Heart (1982)[edit] Main article: One from the Heart Apocalypse Now marked the end of the golden phase of Coppola's career.[15] His musical fantasy One from the Heart, although pioneering the use of video-editing techniques which are standard practice in the film industry today, ended with a disastrous box-office gross of $636,796 against a US$26 million budget,[49] far from enough to recoup the costs incurred in the production of the movie and he was forced to sell his 23-acre Zoetrope Studio in 1983.[18] He would spend the rest of the decade working to pay off his debts. (Zoetrope Studios finally filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 1990, after which its name was changed to American Zoetrope).[15] Hammett (1982)[edit] Main article: Hammett (film) Following the disastrous One from the Heart, Coppola co-directed Hammett along with Wim Wenders in the same year. Although Coppola was not credited for his effort, according to one source, "by the time the final version was released in 1982, only 30 percent of Wenders' footage remained and the rest was completely reshot by Coppola, whose mere 'executive producer' credit is just a technicality."[50] The Outsiders (1983)[edit] Main article: The Outsiders (film) In 1983, he directed The Outsiders, a film adaptation of the novel of the same name by S. E. Hinton. Coppola credited his inspiration for making the film to a suggestion from middle school students who had read the novel. The Outsiders is notable for being the breakout film for a number of young actors who would go on to become major stars. These included major roles for Matt Dillon, Ralph Macchio and C. Thomas Howell. Also in the cast were Patrick Swayze, Rob Lowe, Emilio Estevez, Diane Lane and Tom Cruise. Matt Dillon and several others also starred in Coppola's related film, Rumble Fish, which was also based on a S. E. Hinton novel and filmed at the same time as The Outsiders on-location in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Carmine Coppola wrote and edited the musical score, including the title song "Stay Gold", which was based upon a famous Robert Frost poem and performed for the movie by Stevie Wonder. The film was a moderate box-office success, drawing a revenue of $25 million[51] against a budget of $10 million. Rumble Fish (1983)[edit] Main article: Rumble Fish Rumble Fish was based on the novel of the same name by S. E. Hinton, who also co-wrote the screenplay. Shot in black-and-white as an homage to German expressionist films, Rumble Fish centres on the relationship between a revered former gang leader (Mickey Rourke) and his younger brother, Rusty James (Matt Dillon). The film bombed at the box office, earning a meagre $2.5 million against a budget of $10 million and once again aggravated Coppola's financial troubles. The Cotton Club (1984)[edit] Main article: The Cotton Club (film) In 1984 Coppola directed the Robert Evans-produced The Cotton Club. The film was nominated for several awards, including Golden Globes for Best Director and Best Picture (Drama) and the Oscars for Best Film Editing and Best Art-Direction. However, the film failed miserably at the box-office, recouping only $25.9 million of the $47.9 million privately invested by brothers Fred and Ed Doumani.[33] Rip Van Winkle (1984)[edit] Main article: Rip Van Winkle The same year he directed an episode of Faerie Tale Theatre entitled Rip Van Winkle, where Harry Dean Stanton played the lead role.[52] Captain EO (1986)[edit] Main article: Captain EO In 1986, Coppola directed Captain EO, a 17-minute space fantasy for Disney theme parks executive produced by George Lucas, starring singer Michael Jackson. Peggy Sue Got Married (1986)[edit] Main article: Peggy Sue Got Married In 1986 Coppola released the comedy Peggy Sue Got Married starring Kathleen Turner, Coppola's nephew Nicolas Cage, and Jim Carrey. Much like The Outsiders and Rumble Fish, Peggy Sue Got Married centered around teenage youth. The film earned Coppola positive feedback and provided Kathleen Turner her first and only Oscar nomination. It was the first box-office success for Coppola since Apocalypse Now[53] and the film ranked number 17 on Entertainment Weekly's list of "50 Best High School Movies".[54] Gardens of Stone (1987)[edit] Main article: Gardens of Stone The following year, Coppola re-teamed with James Caan for Gardens of Stone, but the film was overshadowed by the death of Coppola's eldest son Gian-Carlo Coppola during the film's production. The movie was not a critical success and performed poorly at the box office, earning only $5.6 million against a budget of $13 million.[55] Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988)[edit] Main article: Tucker: The Man and His Dream Coppola directed Tucker: The Man and His Dream the following year. A biopic based on the life of Preston Tucker and his attempt to produce and market the Tucker '48, Coppola had originally conceived the project as a musical with Marlon Brando after the release of The Godfather Part II. Ultimately it was Jeff Bridges who played the role of Preston Tucker. Budgeted at $24 million, the film received positive reviews and earned three nominations at the 62nd Academy Awards, although its $19.65 million box office was a disappointment. Two awards came its way: Martin Landau won the Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor and Dean Tavoularis took BAFTA's honors for Best Production Design. New York Stories (1989)[edit] Main article: New York Stories In 1989 Coppola teamed up with fellow Oscar-winning directors Martin Scorsese and Woody Allen for an anthology film called New York Stories. Coppola directed the Life Without Zoë segment, starring his sister Talia Shire and also co-wrote the film with his daughter Sofia Coppola. Life Without Zoë was mostly panned by critics and was generally considered the segment that brought the film's overall quality down.[56][57] Hal Hinson of The Washington Post wrote a particularly scathing review, stating that "It's impossible to know what Francis Coppola's Life Without Zoë is. Co-written with his daughter Sofia, the film is a mystifying embarrassment; it's by far the director's worst work yet."[58] 1990s[edit] The Godfather Part III (1990)[edit] Main article: The Godfather Part III Francis Ford Coppola at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival In 1990, he released the third and final chapter of The Godfather series: The Godfather Part III. While not as critically acclaimed as the first two films,[59][60][61] it was still a box office success, earning a revenue of $136 million against a budget of $54 million.[62] Some reviewers criticized the casting of Coppola's daughter Sofia, who had stepped into the leading role of Mary Corleone which had been abandoned by Winona Ryder just as filming began.[59] Despite this, The Godfather Part III went on to gather 7 Academy Award nominations, including Best Director and Best Picture. The film failed to win any of these awards, the only film in the trilogy not to do so. Bram Stoker's Dracula (1992)[edit] Main article: Bram Stoker's Dracula In 1992, Coppola directed and produced Bram Stoker's Dracula. Adapted from Bram Stoker's novel, it was intended to be more faithful to the book than previous film adaptations.[63] Coppola cast Gary Oldman in the film's title role, with Keanu Reeves, Winona Ryder and Anthony Hopkins in supporting roles. The movie became a box-office hit, grossing $82,522,790 domestically, making it the 15th highest-grossing film of the year.[64] It fared even better overseas grossing $133,339,902 for a total worldwide gross of $215,862,692 against a budget of $40 million,[65] making it the 9th highest-grossing film of the year worldwide.[66] The film won Academy Awards for Costume Design, Makeup and Sound Editing. Jack (1996)[edit] Main article: Jack (1996 film) Coppola's next project was Jack, which was released on August 9, 1996. It starred Robin Williams as Jack Powell, a ten-year-old boy whose cells are growing at four times the normal rate, so at the age of ten he looks like a 40-year-old man. With Diane Lane, Brian Kerwin and Bill Cosby, Jack also featured Jennifer Lopez, Fran Drescher and Michael McKean in supporting roles. Although a moderate box-office success, grossing $58 million domestically on an estimated $45 million budget, it was panned by critics, many of whom disliked the film's abrupt contrast between actual comedy and tragic melodrama. It was also unfavourably compared with the 1988 film Big, in which Tom Hanks also played a child in a grown man's body. Most critics felt that the screenplay was poorly written, not funny and the dramatic material was unconvincing and unbelievable. Other critics felt that Coppola was too talented to be making this type of film. Although ridiculed for making the film, Coppola has defended it, saying he is not ashamed of the final cut of the movie. He had been friends with Robin Williams for many years and had always wanted to work with him as an actor. When Williams was offered the screenplay for Jack, he said he would only agree to do it if Coppola agreed to sign on as director. The Rainmaker (1997)[edit] Main article: The Rainmaker (1997 film) The last film Coppola directed in the 90s, The Rainmaker, was based on the 1995 novel of the same name by John Grisham. An ensemble courtroom drama, the film was well received by critics, earning an 88% rating on Rotten Tomatoes.[67] Roger Ebert gave The Rainmaker three stars out of four, remarking: "I have enjoyed several of the movies based on Grisham novels... but I've usually seen the storyteller's craft rather than the novelist's art being reflected. By keeping all of the little people in focus, Coppola shows the variety of a young lawyer's life, where every client is necessary and most of them need a lot more than a lawyer."[68] James Berardinelli also gave the film three stars out of four, saying that "the intelligence and subtlety of The Rainmaker took me by surprise" and that the film "stands above any other filmed Grisham adaptation".[69] Grisham said of the film, "To me it's the best adaptation of any of [my books]... I love the movie. It's so well done."[70] The film grossed about $45 million domestically.[71] This would be more than the estimated production budget of $40 million, but a disappointment compared with previous films adapted from Grisham novels. Pinocchio dispute with Warner Bros.[edit] In the late 1980s, Coppola started considering concepts for a motion picture based upon the 19th century novel The Adventures of Pinocchio and in 1991, Coppola and Warner Bros. began discussing the project as well as two others involving the life of J. Edgar Hoover and the children's novel The Secret Garden. These discussions led to negotiations for Coppola to both produce and direct the Pinocchio project for Warners, as well as The Secret Garden (which was made in 1993 and produced by American Zoetrope, but directed by Agnieszka Holland) and Hoover, which never came to fruition. (A film was eventually to be made by Clint Eastwood in 2011 as J. Edgar, which was distributed by Warners.) But, in mid-1991, Coppola and Warners came to disagreement over the compensation to be paid to Coppola for his directing services on Pinocchio.[72] The parties deferred this issue and finally a settlement was reached in 1998, when the jurors in the resultant court case awarded Coppola $20 million as compensation for losing the Pinocchio film project. However, they also awarded him a further $60 million in punitive damages on top, stemming from his charges that Warner Bros. sabotaged his intended version. This is the largest civil financial verdict ever against a Hollywood studio. Contact dispute with Carl Sagan/Warner Bros.[edit] Main article: Contact During the filming of Contact on December 28, 1996, Coppola filed a lawsuit against Carl Sagan and Warner Bros. Sagan had died a week earlier[73][74] and Coppola claimed that Sagan's novel Contact was based on a story the pair had developed for a television special back in 1975, titled First Contact.[73] Under their development agreement, Coppola and Sagan were to split proceeds from the project with American Zoetrope and Children's Television Workshop Productions, as well as any novel Sagan would write. The TV program was never produced, but in 1985, Simon & Schuster published Sagan's Contact and Warner Bros. moved forward with development of a film adaptation. Coppola sought at least $250,000 in compensatory damages and an injunction against production or distribution of the film.[73] Even though Sagan was shown to have violated some of the terms of the agreement, the case was dismissed in February 1998 because Coppola had waited too long to file suit.[75] 2000s[edit] Youth Without Youth (2007)[edit] Francis Ford Coppola at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival. Main article: Youth Without Youth (film) After a 10-year hiatus, Coppola returned to directing with Youth Without Youth in 2007, based on the novella of the same name by Romanian author Mircea Eliade. The film was poorly reviewed, currently holding a 30% 'rotten' rating on Rotten Tomatoes.[76] It was made for about $19 million and was given a limited release, only managing $2,624,759 at the box-office.[77] As a result, Coppola announced his plans to produce his own films in order to avoid the marketing input that goes into most films that results in trying to make films appeal to too wide an audience. Tetro (2009)[edit] Main article: Tetro In 2009, Coppola released Tetro. It was "set in Argentina, with the reunion of two brothers. The story follows the rivalries born out of creative differences passed down through generations of an artistic Italian immigrant family."[78] The film received generally positive reviews from critics. On Metacritic, the film has an average metascore of 63% based on 19 reviews.[79] Rotten Tomatoes reported that 68% of critics gave positive reviews based on 71 reviews with an average score of 5.6/10.[80] Overall, the Rotten Tomatoes consensus was: "A complex meditation on family dynamics, Tetro's arresting visuals and emotional core compensate for its uneven narrative."[80] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film 3 stars, praising the film for being "boldly operatic, involving family drama, secrets, generations at war, melodrama, romance and violence". Ebert also praised Vincent Gallo's performance and claimed that Alden Ehrenreich is "the new Leonardo DiCaprio".[81] Todd McCarthy of Variety gave the film a B+ judging that "when Coppola finds creative nirvana, he frequently has trouble delivering the full goods."[82] Richard Corliss of TIME gave the film a mixed review, praising Ehrenreich's performance, but claiming Coppola "has made a movie in which plenty happens, but nothing rings true."[83] It has made $2,636,774 worldwide,[84] against a budget of $5,000,000. 2010s[edit] Twixt (2011)[edit] Main article: Twixt (film) Twixt, starring Val Kilmer, Elle Fanning, Joanne Whalley and Bruce Dern and narrated by Tom Waits, was released to film festivals in late 2011[85] and was released theatrically in early 2012. It received critical acclaim in France,[86] but mostly negative reviews elsewhere.[87] Distant Vision (2015)[edit] Main article: Distant Vision Distant Vision is a live semi-autobiographical novella-length film wrought in real-time on the 6,000-square-foot soundstage at Oklahoma City Community College. The live cinema project had a limited screening on June 5, 2015.[88]

Commercial ventures[edit] American Zoetrope[edit] In 1971, Coppola and George Lucas co-produced the latter's first film, THX 1138. Shortly after completion of production they brought the finished film to Warner Bros., along with several other scripts for potential projects at their newly founded company, American Zoetrope. However, studio executives strongly disliked all the scripts, including THX and demanded that Coppola repay the $300,000 they had loaned him for the Zoetrope studio, as well as insisting on cutting five minutes from the film. The debt nearly closed Zoetrope and forced Coppola to reluctantly focus on The Godfather.[2] Zoetrope Virtual Studio[edit] His company American Zoetrope also administers the Zoetrope Virtual Studio, a complete motion picture production studio for members only. Launched in June 2000, the culmination of more than four years work, it brings together departments for screenwriters, directors, producers and other filmmaker artists, plus new departments for other creative endeavours. Filmmaker members can workshop a wide range of film arts, including music, graphics, design and film and video. Inglenook Winery[edit] Coppola, with his family, expanded his business ventures to include winemaking in California's Napa Valley, when in 1975 he purchased the former home and adjoining vineyard of Gustave Niebaum in Rutherford, California using proceeds from the first movie in the Godfather trilogy.[89] His winery produced its first vintage in 1977 with the help of his father, wife and children stomping the grapes barefoot and every year the family has a harvest party to continue the tradition.[90] After purchasing the property, he produced wine under the Niebaum-Coppola label. When he purchased the former Inglenook Winery chateau in 1995,[91] he renamed the winery Rubicon Estate Winery in 2006. On 11 April 2011, Coppola acquired the iconic Inglenook trademark[92] paying more, he said, for the trademark than he did for the entire estate[93] and announced that the estate would once again be known by its historic original name, Inglenook. Its grapes are now entirely organically grown. Uptown Theater[edit] George Altamura, a real estate developer announced in 2003 that he had partnered with several people, including Francis Ford Coppola, in a project to restore the Uptown Theater in downtown Napa, California in order to create a live entertainment venue.[94] Francis Ford Coppola Presents[edit] Coppola is also the owner of Francis Ford Coppola Presents, a lifestyle brand under which he markets goods from companies he owns or controls. It includes films and videos, resorts, cafes, a literary magazine, a line of pastas and pasta sauces called Mammarella Foods and a winery. Winery[edit] The Francis Ford Coppola Winery near Geyserville, California,[95] located on the former Chateau Souverain Winery,[96] where he has opened a family-friendly facility, is influenced by the idea of the Tivoli Gardens in Copenhagen,[97] with swimming pools, bocce courts and a restaurant. The winery displays several of Coppola's Oscars along with memorabilia from his movies, including Vito Corleone's desk from The Godfather and a restored 1948 Tucker Sedan as used in Tucker: The Man and His Dream. Resorts[edit] Palazzo Margherita in Bernalda, owned by Coppola Included in the Francis Ford Coppola Presents lifestyle brand are several hotels and resorts around the world. The Blancaneaux Lodge in Belize, which from the early 1980s was a family retreat until it was opened to the public in 1993 as a 20-room luxury resort[98] and The Turtle Inn, in Placencia, Belize,[99] (both of which have won several prestigious awards including "Travel + Leisure's World's Best: Best Resort in Central & South America"); La Lancha in Lago Petén Itzá, Guatemala;[100] Jardin Escondido in Buenos Aires, Argentina[101] and Palazzo Margherita in Bernalda, Italy.[102] Cafe and restaurant[edit] In San Francisco, Coppola owns a restaurant named Cafe Zoetrope, located in the Sentinel Building where American Zoetrope is based.[103] It serves traditional Italian cuisine and wine from his personal estate vineyard. For 14 years from 1994, Coppola co-owned the Rubicon restaurant in San Francisco along with Robin Williams and Robert De Niro. Rubicon closed in August 2008.[104] Literary publications[edit] He brought out the San Francisco-based City Magazine in the 1970s, but lost $1.5 million on this venture.[105] In 1997, Coppola founded Zoetrope: All-Story, a literary magazine devoted to short stories and design. The magazine publishes fiction by emerging writers alongside more recognizable names, such as Woody Allen, Margaret Atwood, Haruki Murakami, Alice Munro, Don DeLillo, Mary Gaitskill, and Edward Albee; as well as essays, including ones from Mario Vargas Llosa, David Mamet, Steven Spielberg, and Salman Rushdie. Each issue is designed, in its entirety, by a prominent artist, one usually working outside his / her expected field. Previous guest designers include Gus Van Sant, Tom Waits, Laurie Anderson, Marjane Satrapi, Guillermo del Toro, David Bowie, David Byrne, and Dennis Hopper. Coppola serves as founding editor and publisher of All-Story.

Other ventures[edit] Coppola stated that The Godfather Part IV was never made as Mario Puzo died before they had a chance to write the film.[106] Andy Garcia has since claimed the film's script was nearly produced.[106] Coppola was the jury president at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival and he also took part as a special guest at the 46th International Thessaloniki Film Festival in Greece. Over the years, Coppola has given contributions to several candidates of the Democratic Party, including Mike Thompson and Nancy Pelosi for the U.S. House of Representatives and Barbara Boxer and Alan Cranston for the U.S. Senate.[107] He had planned to direct an epic movie named Megalopolis, a story about the aftermath and reconstruction of New York City after a mega-disaster, but after the city was hit by the real life disaster of September 11, 2001, the project was seen as being too sensitive.[108] In 2007 Coppola stated that "I have abandoned that as of now. I plan to begin a process of making one personal movie after another and if something leads me back to look at that, which I'm sure it might, I'll see what makes sense to me."[109]

Honors[edit] In the 2002 poll of the Sight & Sound publication, Coppola ranked #4 in the Directors' top ten directors of all time[110] and #10 in the Critics' top ten directors of all time.[111] He featured at #17 in MovieMaker Magazine's 25 most influential directors of all-time.[112] He also ranked #9 in toptenreviews' list of top directors of all time[113] and at #21 in Entertainment Weekly's top 50 directors of all time.[114] Four of Coppola's films, The Godfather; The Godfather Part II; Apocalypse Now and Patton featured in the Writers Guild of America, West list of 101 greatest screenplays ever.[115] Three of his films feature in AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies: The Godfather (at #2), Apocalypse Now (at #28) and The Godfather Part II (at #32). The Godfather also ranks at #11 in AFI's 100 Years…100 Thrills. The following Coppola films were also nominated for the list: American Graffiti (1973) – Producer; The Conversation (1974) – Director/Producer/Screenwriter; Patton (1970) – Screenwriter. In 1991, he was honored with the Berlinale Camera at the Berlin International Film Festival.[116] In 1992, he was awarded a Golden Lion – Honorary Award at the Venice Film Festival.[116] In 1998, the Directors Guild of America honored him with a Lifetime Achievement Award.[116] He was honored with a special 50th anniversary award for his impressive career at the 2002 San Sebastián International Film Festival.[116] The same year he received a gala tribute from Film Society of Lincoln Center.[116] In 2003, he was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award at the Denver Film Festival.[116] He was given an honorary award at the 2007 Antalya Golden Orange Film Festival.[117] In 2010, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences decided to honor him with the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award at the 2nd Governor's Awards in November.[118] The honor was bestowed on him on November 13, along with honorary Oscars to Jean-Luc Godard, Kevin Brownlow and Eli Wallach.[119] In 2013, he was awarded a Praemium Imperiale in the theatre/film category.[120][121][122] Coppola serves as the "Honorary Consul H. E. Francis Ford Coppola" in San Francisco for Belize.[123] On October 1, 2014, Coppola was inducted into the California Hall of Fame by Governor Edmund G. "Jerry" Brown, Jr.[124] Coppola is among only six people in Academy Award history to receive Oscars as a producer, director and screenwriter.[125] On May 6, 2015, he was awarded the Princess of Asturias Award for the Arts.[126] He is an honorary member of Phi Beta Kappa[127] through Hofstra University.

Filmography[edit] Year Title Also credited as Notes Director Writer Producer 1962 Tonight for Sure Yes Yes Yes First film Bellboy and the Playgirls, TheThe Bellboy and the Playgirls Yes Yes 1963 Dementia 13 Yes Yes First feature film Terror, TheThe Terror Uncredited co-director and associate producer 1966 You're a Big Boy Now Yes Yes Nominated – Palme d'Or Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Nominated – Writers Guild of America Award for Best American Screenplay – Comedy Is Paris Burning? Yes Co-written with Gore Vidal 1968 Finian's Rainbow Yes Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy 1969 Rain People, TheThe Rain People Yes Yes Golden Shell at San Sebastián International Film Festival 1970 Patton Yes Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay 1972 Godfather, TheThe Godfather Yes Yes Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Academy Award for Best Picture David di Donatello for Best Foreign Film Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Achievement in Feature Film Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama Golden Globe Award for Best Director Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay Golden Screen Award, Germany Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director Writers Guild of America Award for Best Drama Adapted from Another Medium Nominated – Academy Award for Best Director Nominated – Best Audio Commentary at DVD Exclusive Awards 1973 American Graffiti Yes Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Film Nominated – Academy Award for Best Picture 1974 The Great Gatsby Yes Conversation, TheThe Conversation Yes Yes Yes Palme d'Or Prize of the Ecumenical Jury – Special Mention Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director National Board of Review Award for Best Director Nominated – Academy Award for Best Picture Nominated – Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Direction Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Screenplay Nominated – Video Premiere Award at DVD Exclusive Awards Nominated – Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Achievement in Feature Film Nominated – Best Motion Picture Screenplay Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Director Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay Nominated – Writers Guild of America Award for Best Drama Written Directly for the Screen Godfather Part II, TheThe Godfather Part II Yes Yes Yes Academy Award for Best Picture Academy Award for Best Director Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Feature Film Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Director Writers Guild of America Award for Best Drama Adapted from Another Medium Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Director Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay 1979 Apocalypse Now Yes Yes Yes Palme d'Or FIPRESCI Prize Golden Globe Award for Best Director BAFTA Award for Best Direction David di Donatello for Best Foreign Film Golden Screen Award, Germany London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Film Nominated – Academy Award for Best Picture Nominated – Academy Award for Best Director Nominated – Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Film Nominated – Best Foreign Language Film at Cinema Brazil Grand Prize (2002) Nominated – César Award for Best Foreign Film Nominated – Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Achievement in Feature Film Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture Nominated – Grammy Award for Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or Television Special Nominated – Writers Guild of America Award for Best Drama Written Directly for the Screen Black Stallion, TheThe Black Stallion Yes 1980 Kagemusha Yes Executive Producer for the international version. 1982 One from the Heart Yes Yes 1983 Outsiders, TheThe Outsiders Yes Nominated – Golden Prize at the 13th Moscow International Film Festival[128] Nominated – Best Family Feature Motion Picture at the Young Artist Awards Rumble Fish Yes Yes FIPRESCI Prize at San Sebastián International Film Festival OCIC Award at the San Sebastián International Film Festival 1984 Cotton Club, TheThe Cotton Club Yes Yes Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Director Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture Nominated – Japan Academy Prize for Outstanding Foreign Language Film 1986 Captain EO Yes Disney theme park attraction Peggy Sue Got Married Yes Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Nominated – Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film 1987 Gardens of Stone Yes Yes Nominated – Golden Prize at the Moscow International Film Festival[129] Nominated – Political Film Society Award for Peace 1988 Tucker: The Man and His Dream Yes 1989 New York Stories Yes Yes Co-director, co-writer 1990 Godfather Part III, TheThe Godfather Part III Yes Yes Yes Best Foreign Film (Mejor Película Extranjera) at Fotogramas de Plata Nominated – Academy Award for Best Picture Nominated – Academy Award for Best Director Nominated – Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Achievement in Feature Film Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Director Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay 1992 Bram Stoker's Dracula Yes Yes Saturn Award for Best Direction Saturn Award for Best Horror Film Best Foreign Film (Mejor Película Extranjera) at Fotogramas de Plata Nominated – Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation 1993 Junky's Christmas, TheThe Junky's Christmas Yes 1994 Mary Shelley's Frankenstein Yes Nominated – Saturn Award for Best Horror Film 1995 Don Juan DeMarco Yes 1996 Jack Yes Yes Nominated – Best Family Feature – Musical or Comedy at Young Artist Awards 1997 Rainmaker, TheThe Rainmaker Yes Yes Nominated – USC Scripter Award Nominated – Political Film Society Award for Democracy 1998 Lanai-Loa Yes 1999 Florentine, TheThe Florentine Yes Virgin Suicides, TheThe Virgin Suicides Yes 2001 Jeepers Creepers Yes 2003 Jeepers Creepers 2 Yes 2007 Youth Without Youth Yes Yes Yes 2009 Tetro Yes Yes Yes 2011 Twixt Yes Yes Yes 2015 Distant Vision Yes Yes Yes

See also[edit] Film in the United States portal Coppola family tree List of wine personalities List of celebrities who own wineries and vineyards

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"Francis Ford Coppola to return Inglenook to 'lower alcohol'". decanter.... Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ Osborne, Heather (July 17, 2003). "Altamura tells students he's headed for silver screen". Napa Valley Register. Napa, CA: Lee Enterprises, Inc. Retrieved September 2, 2014.  ^ "Discover Our Wines | Francis Ford Coppola Winery". Archived from the original on 18 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ Davis, Kip (October 15, 2010). "Coppola's wine chateau also is family-friendly". Napa Valley Register. Napa, CA: Lee Enterprises, Inc. Retrieved October 15, 2010.  ^ "Vision". Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ "Blancaneaux Lodge, Belize Luxury Hotels – Blancaneaux Lodge at Coppola Resorts". Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ "Turtle Inn, Luxury Resorts in Belize – Turtle Inn at Coppola Resorts". Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ "La Lancha, Boutique Hotels Guatemala – La Lancha at Coppola Resorts". Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ "Jardin Escondido". 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Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "Top Director All Time List". Archived from the original on 2007-03-22. Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "Entertainment Weekly's 50 Greatest Directors". Retrieved 2010-10-27.  ^ "101 Greatest Screenplays". Archived from the original on 2010-11-30.  ^ a b c d e f "Francis Ford Coppola". Retrieved October 18, 2010.  ^ "44th Antalya Golden Orange Film Festival Kicks off". Archived from the original on 2008-08-03. Retrieved 2010-10-19.  ^ "Oscar 2011: Francis Ford Coppola Gets Thalberg Award, Kevin Brownlow Gets Honorary Oscar". Retrieved 2010-10-19.  ^ "Honorary Oscars for film legends Coppola, Godard". Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 2010-12-11.  ^ "Francis Ford Coppola, 2013 Theatre/ Film, Praemium Imperiale". Archived from the original on 2015-06-10. Retrieved 2013-10-25.  ^ "2013 Praemium Imperiale Press Conference". Retrieved 2013-10-25.  ^ "Francis Ford Coppola, 2013 Laureate of Theatre/Film". Retrieved 2013-10-25.  ^ Honorary Consulates of Belize from Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Belize) ^ "Meet the Newest California Hall Of Fame Inductees".  ^ EUdesign, Peter Hobbs of. "OSCARS LISTS: RECORDS AND CURIOSITIES".  ^ Tecnologías, Developed with webControl CMS by Intermark. "Francis Ford Coppola, Princess of Asturias Award for the Arts - Communication - The Princess of Asturias Foundation".  ^ "PBK Famous Members".  ^ "13th Moscow International Film Festival (1983)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-11-07. Retrieved 2013-01-31.  ^ "15th Moscow International Film Festival (1987)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2013-02-21. 

Further reading[edit] Jeffrey Chown (May 1988). Hollywood auteur: Francis Coppola. Praeger Publishers. ISBN 978-0-275-92910-7. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Francis Ford Coppola. Francis Ford Coppola at Encyclopædia Britannica Francis Ford Coppola on IMDb Francis Ford Coppola at AllMovie Francis Ford Coppola: Texas Monthly Talks, YouTube video posted on November 24, 2008 2007 Francis Ford Coppola Video Interview with Bibliography at the University of California Berkeley Library "Perfecting the Rubicon: An interview with Francis Ford Coppola" "Back to Bernalda" by Coppola, T (International Herald Tribune Style Magazine), December 8, 2012 Works by Francis Ford Coppola at Open Library v t e Francis Ford Coppola Films directed The Bellboy and the Playgirls (1962) Tonight for Sure (1962) Battle Beyond the Sun (1962) Dementia 13 (1963) You're a Big Boy Now (1966) Finian's Rainbow (1968) The Rain People (1969) The Godfather (1972) The Conversation (1974) The Godfather Part II (1974) Apocalypse Now (1979; Redux, 2001) One from the Heart (1982) The Outsiders (1983) Rumble Fish (1983) The Cotton Club (1984) Captain EO (1986) Peggy Sue Got Married (1986) Gardens of Stone (1987) Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988) New York Stories (segment "Life Without Zoë", 1989) The Godfather Part III (1990) Bram Stoker's Dracula (1992) Jack (1996) The Rainmaker (1997) Youth Without Youth (2007) Tetro (2009) Twixt (2011) Written only Is Paris Burning? (1966) This Property Is Condemned (1966) Patton (1970) The Great Gatsby (1974) Produced only American Graffiti (1973) The Junky's Christmas (1993) Mary Shelley's Frankenstein (1994) Don Juan DeMarco (1995) Lani Loa – The Passage (1998) The Florentine (1999) The Virgin Suicides (1999) Enterprises American Zoetrope Zoetrope: All-Story Rubicon Estate Winery Francis Ford Coppola Presents Awards for Francis Ford Coppola v t e Academy Award for Best Director 1920s Frank Borzage (1927) Lewis Milestone (1928) Frank Lloyd (1929) 1930s Lewis Milestone (1930) Norman Taurog (1931) Frank Borzage (1932) Frank Lloyd (1933) Frank Capra (1934) John Ford (1935) Frank Capra (1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra (1938) Victor Fleming (1939) 1940s John Ford (1940) John Ford (1941) William Wyler (1942) Michael Curtiz (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder (1945) William Wyler (1946) Elia Kazan (1947) John Huston (1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz (1949) 1950s Joseph L. Mankiewicz (1950) George Stevens (1951) John Ford (1952) Fred Zinnemann (1953) Elia Kazan (1954) Delbert Mann (1955) George Stevens (1956) David Lean (1957) Vincente Minnelli (1958) William Wyler (1959) 1960s Billy Wilder (1960) Jerome Robbins and Robert Wise (1961) David Lean (1962) Tony Richardson (1963) George Cukor (1964) Robert Wise (1965) Fred Zinnemann (1966) Mike Nichols (1967) Carol Reed (1968) John Schlesinger (1969) 1970s Franklin J. Schaffner (1970) William Friedkin (1971) Bob Fosse (1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola (1974) Miloš Forman (1975) John G. Avildsen (1976) Woody Allen (1977) Michael Cimino (1978) Robert Benton (1979) 1980s Robert Redford (1980) Warren Beatty (1981) Richard Attenborough (1982) James L. Brooks (1983) Miloš Forman (1984) Sydney Pollack (1985) Oliver Stone (1986) Bernardo Bertolucci (1987) Barry Levinson (1988) Oliver Stone (1989) 1990s Kevin Costner (1990) Jonathan Demme (1991) Clint Eastwood (1992) Steven Spielberg (1993) Robert Zemeckis (1994) Mel Gibson (1995) Anthony Minghella (1996) James Cameron (1997) Steven Spielberg (1998) Sam Mendes (1999) 2000s Steven Soderbergh (2000) Ron Howard (2001) Roman Polanski (2002) Peter Jackson (2003) Clint Eastwood (2004) Ang Lee (2005) Martin Scorsese (2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle (2008) Kathryn Bigelow (2009) 2010s Tom Hooper (2010) Michel Hazanavicius (2011) Ang Lee (2012) Alfonso Cuarón (2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle (2016) v t e Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay 1940s Preston Sturges (1940) Herman J. Mankiewicz and Orson Welles (1941) Michael Kanin and Ring Lardner Jr. (1942) Norman Krasna (1943) Lamar Trotti (1944) Richard Schweizer (1945) Muriel Box and Sydney Box (1946) Sidney Sheldon (1947) No award (1948) Robert Pirosh (1949) 1950s Charles Brackett, D. M. Marshman Jr. and Billy Wilder (1950) Alan Jay Lerner (1951) T. E. B. Clarke (1952) Charles Brackett, Richard L. Breen and Walter Reisch (1953) Budd Schulberg (1954) Sonya Levien and William Ludwig (1955) Albert Lamorisse (1956) George Wells (1957) Nathan E. Douglas and Harold Jacob Smith (1958) Clarence Greene, Maurice Richlin, Russell Rouse and Stanley Shapiro (1959) 1960s I. A. L. Diamond and Billy Wilder (1960) William Inge (1961) Ennio de Concini, Pietro Germi and Alfredo Giannetti (1962) James Webb (1963) Peter Stone and Frank Tarloff (1964) Frederic Raphael (1965) Claude Lelouch and Pierre Uytterhoeven (1966) William Rose (1967) Mel Brooks (1968) William Goldman (1969) 1970s Francis Ford Coppola and Edmund H. North (1970) Paddy Chayefsky (1971) Jeremy Larner (1972) David S. Ward (1973) Robert Towne (1974) Frank Pierson (1975) Paddy Chayefsky (1976) Woody Allen and Marshall Brickman (1977) Robert C. Jones, Waldo Salt and Nancy Dowd (1978) Steve Tesich (1979) 1980s Bo Goldman (1980) Colin Welland (1981) John Briley (1982) Horton Foote (1983) Robert Benton (1984) William Kelley, Pamela Wallace and Earl W. Wallace (1985) Woody Allen (1986) John Patrick Shanley (1987) Ronald Bass and Barry Morrow (1988) Tom Schulman (1989) 1990s Bruce Joel Rubin (1990) Callie Khouri (1991) Neil Jordan (1992) Jane Campion (1993) Quentin Tarantino and Roger Avary (1994) Christopher McQuarrie (1995) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (1996) Ben Affleck and Matt Damon (1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard (1998) Alan Ball (1999) 2000s Cameron Crowe (2000) Julian Fellowes (2001) Pedro Almodóvar (2002) Sofia Coppola (2003) Pierre Bismuth, Michel Gondry and Charlie Kaufman (2004) Paul Haggis and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt (2006) Diablo Cody (2007) Dustin Lance Black (2008) Mark Boal (2009) 2010s David Seidler (2010) Woody Allen (2011) Quentin Tarantino (2012) Spike Jonze (2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr. and Armando Bo (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Kenneth Lonergan (2016) v t e Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay 1920s Benjamin Glazer (1928) Hanns Kräly (1929) 1930s Joseph W. Farnham, Martin Flavin, Frances Marion and Lennox Robinson (1930) Howard Estabrook (1931) Edwin J. Burke (1932) Victor Heerman and Sarah Y. Mason (1933) Robert Riskin (1934) Dudley Nichols (1935) Pierre Collings and Sheridan Gibney (1936) Heinz Herald, Geza Herczeg, and Norman Reilly Raine (1937) Ian Dalrymple, Cecil Arthur Lewis, W. P. Lipscomb and George Bernard Shaw (1938) Sidney Howard (1939) 1940s Donald Ogden Stewart (1940) Sidney Buchman and Seton I. Miller (1941) George Froeschel, James Hilton, Claudine West and Arthur Wimperis (1942) Philip G. Epstein, Julius J. Epstein and Howard Koch (1943) Frank Butler and Frank Cavett (1944) Charles Brackett and Billy Wilder (1945) Robert Sherwood (1946) George Seaton (1947) John Huston (1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz (1949) 1950s Joseph L. Mankiewicz (1950) Harry Brown and Michael Wilson (1951) Charles Schnee (1952) Daniel Taradash (1953) George Seaton (1954) Paddy Chayefsky (1955) John Farrow, S. J. Perelman and James Poe (1956) Carl Foreman and Michael Wilson (1957) Alan Jay Lerner (1958) Neil Paterson (1959) 1960s Richard Brooks (1960) Abby Mann (1961) Horton Foote (1962) John Osborne (1963) Edward Anhalt (1964) Robert Bolt (1965) Robert Bolt (1966) Stirling Silliphant (1967) James Goldman (1968) Waldo Salt (1969) 1970s Ring Lardner Jr. (1970) Ernest Tidyman (1971) Francis Ford Coppola and Mario Puzo (1972) William Peter Blatty (1973) Francis Ford Coppola and Mario Puzo (1974) Bo Goldman and Lawrence Hauben (1975) William Goldman (1976) Alvin Sargent (1977) Oliver Stone (1978) Robert Benton (1979) 1980s Alvin Sargent (1980) Ernest Thompson (1981) Costa-Gavras and Donald E. Stewart (1982) James L. Brooks (1983) Peter Shaffer (1984) Kurt Luedtke (1985) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala (1986) Bernardo Bertolucci and Mark Peploe (1987) Christopher Hampton (1988) Alfred Uhry (1989) 1990s Michael Blake (1990) Ted Tally (1991) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala (1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Eric Roth (1994) Emma Thompson (1995) Billy Bob Thornton (1996) Curtis Hanson and Brian Helgeland (1997) Bill Condon (1998) John Irving (1999) 2000s Stephen Gaghan (2000) Akiva Goldsman (2001) Ronald Harwood (2002) Philippa Boyens, Peter Jackson and Fran Walsh (2003) Alexander Payne and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry and Diana Ossana (2005) William Monahan (2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Geoffrey S. Fletcher (2009) 2010s Aaron Sorkin (2010) Alexander Payne, Jim Rash and Nat Faxon (2011) Chris Terrio (2012) John Ridley (2013) Graham Moore (2014) Adam McKay and Charles Randolph (2015) Barry Jenkins and Tarell Alvin McCraney (2016) v t e Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award Darryl F. Zanuck (1938) Hal B. Wallis (1939) David O. Selznick (1940) Walt Disney (1942) Sidney Franklin (1943) Hal B. Wallis (1944) Darryl F. Zanuck (1945) Samuel Goldwyn (1947) Jerry Wald (1949) Darryl F. Zanuck (1951) Arthur Freed (1952) Cecil B. DeMille (1953) George Stevens (1954) Buddy Adler (1957) Jack L. Warner (1959) Stanley Kramer (1962) Sam Spiegel (1964) William Wyler (1966) Robert Wise (1967) Alfred Hitchcock (1968) Ingmar Bergman (1971) Lawrence Weingarten (1974) Mervyn LeRoy (1976) Pandro S. Berman (1977) Walter Mirisch (1978) Ray Stark (1980) Albert R. Broccoli (1982) Steven Spielberg (1986) Billy Wilder (1988) David Brown and Richard D. Zanuck (1991) George Lucas (1992) Clint Eastwood (1995) Saul Zaentz (1997) Norman Jewison (1999) Warren Beatty (2000) Dino De Laurentiis (2001) John Calley (2009) Francis Ford Coppola (2010) v t e BAFTA Award for Best Direction 1960s Mike Nichols (1968) John Schlesinger (1969) 1970s George Roy Hill (1970) John Schlesinger (1971) Bob Fosse (1972) François Truffaut (1973) Roman Polanski (1974) Stanley Kubrick (1975) Miloš Forman (1976) Woody Allen (1977) Alan Parker (1978) Francis Ford Coppola (1979) 1980s Akira Kurosawa (1980) Louis Malle (1981) Richard Attenborough (1982) Bill Forsyth (1983) Wim Wenders (1984) no award (1985) Woody Allen (1986) Oliver Stone (1987) Louis Malle (1988) Kenneth Branagh (1989) 1990s Martin Scorsese (1990) Alan Parker (1991) Robert Altman (1992) Steven Spielberg (1993) Mike Newell (1994) Michael Radford (1995) Joel Coen (1996) Baz Luhrmann (1997) Peter Weir (1998) Pedro Almodóvar (1999) 2000s Ang Lee (2000) Peter Jackson (2001) Roman Polanski (2002) Peter Weir (2003) Mike Leigh (2004) Ang Lee (2005) Paul Greengrass (2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle (2008) Kathryn Bigelow (2009) 2010s David Fincher (2010) Michel Hazanavicius (2011) Ben Affleck (2012) Alfonso Cuarón (2013) Richard Linklater (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle (2016) Guillermo del Toro (2017) v t e Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film 1948–1975 Joseph L. Mankiewicz (1948) Robert Rossen (1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz (1950) George Stevens (1951) John Ford (1952) Fred Zinnemann (1953) Elia Kazan (1954) Delbert Mann (1955) George Stevens (1956) David Lean (1957) Vincente Minnelli (1958) William Wyler (1959) Billy Wilder (1960) Jerome Robbins and Robert Wise (1961) David Lean (1962) Tony Richardson (1963) George Cukor (1964) Robert Wise (1965) Fred Zinnemann (1966) Mike Nichols (1967) Anthony Harvey (1968) John Schlesinger (1969) Franklin J. Schaffner (1970) William Friedkin (1971) Francis Ford Coppola (1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola (1974) Miloš Forman (1975) 1976–2000 John G. Avildsen (1976) Woody Allen (1977) Michael Cimino (1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford (1980) Warren Beatty (1981) Richard Attenborough (1982) James L. Brooks (1983) Miloš Forman (1984) Steven Spielberg (1985) Oliver Stone (1986) Bernardo Bertolucci (1987) Barry Levinson (1988) Oliver Stone (1989) Kevin Costner (1990) Jonathan Demme (1991) Clint Eastwood (1992) Steven Spielberg (1993) Robert Zemeckis (1994) Ron Howard (1995) Anthony Minghella (1996) James Cameron (1997) Steven Spielberg (1998) Sam Mendes (1999) Ang Lee (2000) 2001–present Ron Howard (2001) Rob Marshall (2002) Peter Jackson (2003) Clint Eastwood (2004) Ang Lee (2005) Martin Scorsese (2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle (2008) Kathryn Bigelow (2009) Tom Hooper (2010) Michel Hazanavicius (2011) Ben Affleck (2012) Alfonso Cuarón (2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle (2016) Guillermo del Toro (2017) v t e Film Society of Lincoln Center Gala Tribute Honorees Charlie Chaplin (1972) Fred Astaire (1973) Alfred Hitchcock (1974) Joanne Woodward and Paul Newman (1975) George Cukor (1978) Bob Hope (1979) John Huston (1980) Barbara Stanwyck (1981) Billy Wilder (1982) Laurence Olivier (1983) Claudette Colbert (1984) Federico Fellini (1985) Elizabeth Taylor (1986) Alec Guinness (1987) Yves Montand (1988) Bette Davis (1989) James Stewart (1990) Audrey Hepburn (1991) Gregory Peck (1992) Jack Lemmon (1993) Robert Altman (1994) Shirley MacLaine (1995) Clint Eastwood (1996) Sean Connery (1997) Martin Scorsese (1998) Mike Nichols (1999) Al Pacino (2000) Jane Fonda (2001) Francis Ford Coppola (2002) Susan Sarandon (2003) Michael Caine (2004) Dustin Hoffman (2005) Jessica Lange (2006) Diane Keaton (2007) Meryl Streep (2008) Tom Hanks (2009) Michael Douglas (2010) Sidney Poitier (2011) Catherine Deneuve (2012) Barbra Streisand (2013) Rob Reiner (2014) Robert Redford (2015) Morgan Freeman (2016) Robert De Niro (2017) Helen Mirren (2018) v t e Golden Globe Award for Best Director 1940s Henry King (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder (1945) Frank Capra (1946) Elia Kazan (1947) John Huston (1948) Robert Rossen (1949) 1950s Billy Wilder (1950) László Benedek (1951) Cecil B. DeMille (1952) Fred Zinnemann (1953) Elia Kazan (1954) Joshua Logan (1955) Elia Kazan (1956) David Lean (1957) Vincente Minnelli (1958) William Wyler (1959) 1960s Jack Cardiff (1960) Stanley Kramer (1961) David Lean (1962) Elia Kazan (1963) George Cukor (1964) David Lean (1965) Fred Zinnemann (1966) Mike Nichols (1967) Paul Newman (1968) Charles Jarrott (1969) 1970s Arthur Hiller (1970) William Friedkin (1971) Francis Ford Coppola (1972) William Friedkin (1973) Roman Polanski (1974) Miloš Forman (1975) Sidney Lumet (1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino (1978) Francis Ford Coppola (1979) 1980s Robert Redford (1980) Warren Beatty (1981) Richard Attenborough (1982) Barbra Streisand (1983) Miloš Forman (1984) John Huston (1985) Oliver Stone (1986) Bernardo Bertolucci (1987) Clint Eastwood (1988) Oliver Stone (1989) 1990s Kevin Costner (1990) Oliver Stone (1991) Clint Eastwood (1992) Steven Spielberg (1993) Robert Zemeckis (1994) Mel Gibson (1995) Miloš Forman (1996) James Cameron (1997) Steven Spielberg (1998) Sam Mendes (1999) 2000s Ang Lee (2000) Robert Altman (2001) Martin Scorsese (2002) Peter Jackson (2003) Clint Eastwood (2004) Ang Lee (2005) Martin Scorsese (2006) Julian Schnabel (2007) Danny Boyle (2008) James Cameron (2009) 2010s David Fincher (2010) Martin Scorsese (2011) Ben Affleck (2012) Alfonso Cuarón (2013) Richard Linklater (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle (2016) Guillermo del Toro (2017) v t e Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score 1940s Life with Father – Max Steiner (1947) The Red Shoes – Brian Easdale (1948) The Inspector General – Johnny Green (1949) 1950s Sunset Boulevard – Franz Waxman (1950) September Affair – Victor Young (1951) High Noon – Dimitri Tiomkin (1952) On the Beach – Ernest Gold (1959) 1960s The Alamo – Dimitri Tiomkin (1960) The Guns of Navarone – Dimitri Tiomkin (1961) To Kill a Mockingbird – Elmer Bernstein (1962) (1963) The Fall of the Roman Empire – Dimitri Tiomkin (1964) Doctor Zhivago – Maurice Jarre (1965) Hawaii – Elmer Bernstein (1966) Camelot – Frederick Loewe (1967) The Shoes of the Fisherman – Alex North (1968) Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid – Burt Bacharach (1969) 1970s Love Story – Francis Lai (1970) Shaft – Isaac Hayes (1971) The Godfather – Nino Rota (1972) Jonathan Livingston Seagull – Neil Diamond (1973) The Little Prince – Alan Jay Lerner, Frederick Loewe (1974) Jaws – John Williams (1975) A Star is Born – Kenneth Ascher, Paul Williams (1976) Star Wars – John Williams (1977) Midnight Express – Giorgio Moroder (1978) Apocalypse Now – Carmine Coppola, Francis Ford Coppola (1979) 1980s The Stunt Man – Dominic Frontiere (1980) (1981) E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial – John Williams (1982) Flashdance – Giorgio Moroder (1983) A Passage to India – Maurice Jarre (1984) Out of Africa – John Barry (1985) The Mission – Ennio Morricone (1986) The Last Emperor – David Byrne, Ryuichi Sakamoto, Cong Su (1987) Gorillas in the Mist – Maurice Jarre (1988) The Little Mermaid – Alan Menken (1989) 1990s The Sheltering Sky – Richard Horowitz, Ryuichi Sakamoto (1990) Beauty and the Beast – Alan Menken (1991) Aladdin – Alan Menken (1992) Heaven & Earth – Kitarō (1993) The Lion King – Hans Zimmer (1994) A Walk in the Clouds – Maurice Jarre (1995) The English Patient – Gabriel Yared (1996) Titanic – James Horner (1997) The Truman Show – Burkhard Dallwitz, Philip Glass (1998) 1900 – Ennio Morricone (1999) 2000s Gladiator – Lisa Gerrard, Hans Zimmer (2000) Moulin Rouge! – Craig Armstrong (2001) Frida – Elliot Goldenthal (2002) The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King – Howard Shore (2003) The Aviator – Howard Shore (2004) Memoirs of a Geisha – John Williams (2005) The Painted Veil – Alexandre Desplat (2006) Atonement – Dario Marianelli (2007) Slumdog Millionaire – A. R. Rahman (2008) Up – Michael Giacchino (2009) 2010s The Social Network – Trent Reznor, Atticus Ross (2010) The Artist – Ludovic Bource (2011) Life of Pi – Mychael Danna (2012) All Is Lost – Alex Ebert (2013) The Theory of Everything – Jóhann Jóhannsson (2014) The Hateful Eight – Ennio Morricone (2015) La La Land – Justin Hurwitz (2016) The Shape of Water - Alexandre Desplat (2017) v t e Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay 1960s Robert Bolt (1965) Robert Bolt (1966) Stirling Silliphant (1967) Stirling Silliphant (1968) Bridget Boland, John Hale and Richard Sokolove (1969) 1970s Erich Segal (1970) Paddy Chayefsky (1971) Francis Ford Coppola and Mario Puzo (1972) William Peter Blatty (1973) Robert Towne (1974) Bo Goldman and Lawrence Hauben (1975) Paddy Chayefsky (1976) Neil Simon (1977) Oliver Stone (1978) Robert Benton (1979) 1980s William Peter Blatty (1980) Ernest Thompson (1981) John Briley (1982) James L. Brooks (1983) Peter Shaffer (1984) Woody Allen (1985) Robert Bolt (1986) Bernardo Bertolucci, Mark Peploe and Enzon Ungari (1987) Naomi Foner (1988) Oliver Stone and Ron Kovic (1989) 1990s Michael Blake (1990) Callie Khouri (1991) Bo Goldman (1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Quentin Tarantino (1994) Emma Thompson (1995) Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski (1996) Ben Affleck and Matt Damon (1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard (1998) Alan Ball (1999) 2000s Stephen Gaghan (2000) Akiva Goldsman (2001) Alexander Payne and Jim Taylor (2002) Sofia Coppola (2003) Alexander Payne and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry and Diana Ossana (2005) Peter Morgan (2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Jason Reitman and Sheldon Turner (2009) 2010s Aaron Sorkin (2010) Woody Allen (2011) Quentin Tarantino (2012) Spike Jonze (2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr. and Armando Bo (2014) Aaron Sorkin (2015) Damien Chazelle (2016) Martin McDonagh (2017) v t e Golden Orange Honorary Award Ömer Lütfi Akad (1983) Sezer Sezin (1984) Metin Erksan (1987) Helen Mirren / Taylor Hackford / Norman Jewison (2006) Shekhar Kapur / Francis Ford Coppola / Hanna Schygulla (2007) Maximilian Schell / Mickey Rourke / Kevin Spacey / Michael J. Warner (2008) v t e National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Director 1966-1979 Michelangelo Antonioni (1966) Ingmar Bergman (1967) Ingmar Bergman (1968) François Truffaut (1969) Ingmar Bergman (1970) Bernardo Bertolucci (1971) Luis Buñuel (1972) François Truffaut (1973) Francis Ford Coppola (1974) Robert Altman (1975) Martin Scorsese (1976) Luis Buñuel (1977) Terrence Malick (1978) Woody Allen / Robert Benton (1979) 1980-1999 Martin Scorsese (1980) Louis Malle (1981) Steven Spielberg (1982) Paolo Taviani and Vittorio Taviani (1983) Robert Bresson (1984) John Huston (1985) David Lynch (1986) John Boorman (1987) Philip Kaufman (1988) Gus Van Sant (1989) Martin Scorsese (1990) David Cronenberg (1991) Clint Eastwood (1992) Steven Spielberg (1993) Quentin Tarantino (1994) Mike Figgis (1995) Lars von Trier (1996) Curtis Hanson (1997) Steven Soderbergh (1998) Mike Leigh (1999) 2000-present Steven Soderbergh (2000) Robert Altman (2001) Roman Polanski (2002) Clint Eastwood (2003) Zhang Yimou (2004) David Cronenberg (2005) Paul Greengrass (2006) Paul Thomas Anderson (2007) Mike Leigh (2008) Kathryn Bigelow (2009) David Fincher (2010) Terrence Malick (2011) Michael Haneke (2012) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2013) Richard Linklater (2014) Todd Haynes (2015) Barry Jenkins (2016) Greta Gerwig (2017) v t e Saturn Award for Best Director Mel Brooks (1974/75) Dan Curtis (1976) George Lucas/Steven Spielberg (1977) Philip Kaufman (1978) Ridley Scott (1979) Irvin Kershner (1980) Steven Spielberg (1981) Nicholas Meyer (1982) John Badham (1983) Joe Dante (1984) Ron Howard (1985) James Cameron (1986) Paul Verhoeven (1987) Robert Zemeckis (1988) James Cameron (1989/90) James Cameron (1991) Francis Ford Coppola (1992) Steven Spielberg (1993) James Cameron (1994) Kathryn Bigelow (1995) Roland Emmerich (1996) John Woo (1997) Michael Bay (1998) Andy Wachowski and Larry Wachowski (1999) Bryan Singer (2000) Peter Jackson (2001) Steven Spielberg (2002) Peter Jackson (2003) Sam Raimi (2004) Peter Jackson (2005) Bryan Singer (2006) Zack Snyder (2007) Jon Favreau (2008) James Cameron (2009) Christopher Nolan (2010) J. J. Abrams (2011) Joss Whedon (2012) Alfonso Cuarón (2013) James Gunn (2014) Ridley Scott (2015) Gareth Edwards (2016) v t e Writers Guild of America Award for Best Original Screenplay Original Drama (1969–1983, retired) William Goldman (1969) Francis Ford Coppola and Edmund H. North (1970) Penelope Gilliatt (1971) Jeremy Larner (1972) Steve Shagan (1973) Robert Towne (1974) Frank Pierson (1975) Paddy Chayefsky (1976) Arthur Laurents (1977) Nancy Dowd, Robert C. Jones and Waldo Salt (1978) Mike Gray, T. S. Cook and James Bridges (1979) Bo Goldman (1980) Warren Beatty and Trevor Griffiths (1981) Melissa Mathison (1982) Horton Foote (1983) Original Comedy (1969–1983, retired) Paul Mazursky and Larry Tucker (1969) Neil Simon (1970) Paddy Chayefsky (1971) Peter Bogdanovich, Buck Henry, David Newman and Robert Benton (1972) Melvin Frank and Jack Rose (1973) Mel Brooks, Norman Steinberg, Andrew Bergman, Richard Pryor and Alan Uger (1974) Robert Towne and Warren Beatty (1975) Bill Lancaster (1976) Woody Allen and Marshall Brickman (1977) Larry Gelbart and Sheldon Keller (1978) Steve Tesich (1979) Nancy Meyers, Harvey Miller and Charles Shyer (1980) Steve Gordon (1981) Don McGuire, Larry Gelbart and Murray Schisgal (1982) Lawrence Kasdan and Barbara Benedek (1983) Original Screenplay (1984–present) Woody Allen (1984) William Kelley and Earl W. Wallace (1985) Woody Allen (1986) John Patrick Shanley (1987) Ron Shelton (1988) Woody Allen (1989) Barry Levinson (1990) Callie Khouri (1991) Neil Jordan (1992) Jane Campion (1993) Richard Curtis (1994) Randall Wallace (1995) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (1996) James L. Brooks and Mark Andrus (1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard (1998) Alan Ball (1999) Kenneth Lonergan (2000) Julian Fellowes (2001) Michael Moore (2002) Sofia Coppola (2003) Charlie Kaufman (2004) Paul Haggis and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt (2006) Diablo Cody (2007) Dustin Lance Black (2008) Mark Boal (2009) Christopher Nolan (2010) Woody Allen (2011) Mark Boal (2012) Spike Jonze (2013) Wes Anderson and Hugo Guinness (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Barry Jenkins and Tarell Alvin McCraney (2016) Jordan Peele (2017) v t e Writers Guild of America Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Adapted Drama (1969–1983, retired) Waldo Salt (1969) Robert Anderson (1970) Ernest Tidyman (1971) Francis Ford Coppola and Mario Puzo (1972) Waldo Salt and Norman Wexler (1973) Francis Ford Coppola and Mario Puzo (1974) Bo Goldman and Lawrence Hauben (1975) William Goldman (1976) Denne Bart Petitclerc (1977) Oliver Stone (1978) Robert Benton (1979) Alvin Sargent (1980) Ernest Thompson (1981) Costa-Gavras and Donald E. Stewart (1982) Julius J. Epstein (1983) Adapted Comedy (1969–1983, retired) Arnold Schulman (1969) Ring Lardner Jr. (1970) John Paxton (1971) Jay Presson Allen (1972) Alvin Sargent (1973) Lionel Chetwynd and Mordecai Richler (1974) Neil Simon (1975) Blake Edwards and Frank Waldman (1976) Larry Gelbart (1977) Elaine May and Warren Beatty / Bernard Slade (1978) Jerzy Kosiński (1979) Jim Abrahams, David Zucker, and Jerry Zucker (1980) Gerard Ayres (1981) Blake Edwards (1982) James L. Brooks (1983) Adapted Screenplay (1984–present) Bruce Robinson (1984) Richard Condon and Janet Roach (1985) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala (1986) Steve Martin (1987) Christopher Hampton (1988) Alfred Uhry (1989) Michael Blake (1990) Ted Tally (1991) Michael Tolkin (1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Eric Roth (1994) Emma Thompson (1995) Billy Bob Thornton (1996) Curtis Hanson and Brian Helgeland (1997) Scott Frank (1998) Alexander Payne and Jim Taylor (1999) Stephen Gaghan (2000) Akiva Goldsman (2001) David Hare (2002) Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini (2003) Alexander Payne and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry and Diana Ossana (2005) William Monahan (2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Jason Reitman and Sheldon Turner (2009) Aaron Sorkin (2010) Alexander Payne, Jim Rash, and Nat Faxon (2011) Chris Terrio (2012) Billy Ray (2013) Graham Moore (2014) Adam McKay and Charles Randolph (2015) Eric Heisserer (2016) James Ivory (2017) v t e Cannes Film Festival jury presidents 1946–1975 Georges Huisman (1946) Georges Huisman (1947) Georges Huisman (1949) André Maurois (1951) Maurice Genevoix (1952) Jean Cocteau (1953) Jean Cocteau (1954) Marcel Pagnol (1955) Maurice Lehmann (1956) André Maurois (1957) Marcel Achard (1958) Marcel Achard (1959) Georges Simenon (1960) Jean Giono (1961) Tetsurō Furukaki (1962) Armand Salacrou (1963) Fritz Lang (1964) Olivia de Havilland (1965) Sophia Loren (1966) Alessandro Blasetti (1967) André Chamson (1968) Luchino Visconti (1969) Miguel Ángel Asturias (1970) Michèle Morgan (1971) Joseph Losey (1972) Ingrid Bergman (1973) René Clair (1974) Jeanne Moreau (1975) 1975–2000 Tennessee Williams (1976) Roberto Rossellini (1977) Alan J. Pakula (1978) Françoise Sagan (1979) Kirk Douglas (1980) Jacques Deray (1981) Giorgio Strehler (1982) William Styron (1983) Dirk Bogarde (1984) Miloš Forman (1985) Sydney Pollack (1986) Yves Montand (1987) Ettore Scola (1988) Wim Wenders (1989) Bernardo Bertolucci (1990) Roman Polanski (1991) Gérard Depardieu (1992) Louis Malle (1993) Clint Eastwood (1994) Jeanne Moreau (1995) Francis Ford Coppola (1996) Isabelle Adjani (1997) Martin Scorsese (1998) David Cronenberg (1999) Luc Besson (2000) 2001–present Liv Ullmann (2001) David Lynch (2002) Patrice Chéreau (2003) Quentin Tarantino (2004) Emir Kusturica (2005) Wong Kar-wai (2006) Stephen Frears (2007) Sean Penn (2008) Isabelle Huppert (2009) Tim Burton (2010) Robert De Niro (2011) Nanni Moretti (2012) Steven Spielberg (2013) Jane Campion (2014) Joel and Ethan Coen (2015) George Miller (2016) Pedro Almodóvar (2017) Cate Blanchett (2018) v t e The Godfather Novels The Godfather The Sicilian The Godfather Returns The Godfather's Revenge The Family Corleone Films The Godfather The Godfather Part II The Godfather Part III Video games The Godfather (1991) The Godfather (2006) The Godfather II (2009) Corleone family Vito Corleone Michael Corleone Tom Hagen Sonny Corleone Fredo Corleone Carmela Corleone Kay Adams-Corleone Connie Corleone Anthony Corleone Mary Corleone Vincent Corleone Sandra Corleone Family allies Genco Abbandando Luca Brasi Peter Clemenza Al Neri Frank Pentangeli Salvatore Tessio Family enemies Don Altobello Emilio Barzini Don Fanucci Moe Greene Johnny Ola Hyman Roth Louie Russo Joey Zasa Others Amerigo Bonasera Cardinal Lamberto Lucy Mancini Danny Shea Mickey Shea Billy Van Arsdale Aldo Trapani Albert Volpe Music The Godfather (soundtrack) The Godfather Part II (soundtrack) The Godfather Part III (soundtrack) "Speak Softly, Love" "Promise Me You'll Remember" Miscellaneous List of minor characters in The Godfather series Mario Puzo Mark Winegardner Edward Falco Five Families Corleone The Godfather Effect The Godfather Papers and Other Confessions The Godfather Saga The Last Don Omertà The Sicilian Book Category v t e Coppola family 1st generation Carmine Coppola Anton Coppola Italia Coppola 2nd generation August Coppola Francis Ford Coppola Talia Shire Eleanor Coppola Jack Schwartzman 3rd generation Nicolas Cage Jason Schwartzman Robert Coppola Schwartzman Sofia Coppola Roman Coppola Gian-Carlo Coppola Marc Coppola Christopher Coppola 4th generation Gia Coppola See also Palazzo Margherita (Bernalda) Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 112744406 LCCN: n80145599 ISNI: 0000 0001 1480 194X GND: 118522094 SELIBR: 239064 SUDOC: 032768214 BNF: cb12373335m (data) BIBSYS: 90348740 MusicBrainz: 2027f439-a29c-4d28-9b97-c05b350b18da NLA: 35088677 NDL: 00620525 NKC: jn20010525098 ICCU: IT\ICCU\NAPV\084205 BNE: XX883793 SNAC: w6mp58n1 Retrieved from "" Categories: Francis Ford Coppola1939 birthsLiving people20th-century American writers21st-century American writersAmerican film directors of Italian descentAmerican film producersAmerican male screenwritersAmerican people of Lucanian descentAmerican writers of Italian descentBest Adapted Screenplay Academy Award winnersBest Directing Academy Award winnersBest Director BAFTA Award winnersBest Director Golden Globe winnersBest Original Screenplay Academy Award winnersBest Screenplay Golden Globe winnersCoppola familyDavid di Donatello winnersDirectors Guild of America Award winnersDirectors of Palme d'Or winnersEnglish-language film directorsFellows of the American Academy of Arts and SciencesFilm directors from MichiganGolden Globe Award-winning musiciansGolden Orange Honorary Award winnersGreat Neck North High School alumniHofstra University alumniHorror film directorsJamaica High School (New York City) alumniMichigan DemocratsNew York Military Academy alumniOfficiers of the Légion d'honneurPeople of Campanian descentProducers who won the Best Picture Academy AwardRecipients of the Irving G. 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Francis_Ford_Coppola - Photos and All Basic Informations

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San Diego Comic-Con InternationalDetroitNapa CountyHofstra UniversityUniversity Of California, Los AngelesNew York CityDemocratic Party (United States)Eleanor CoppolaGian-Carlo CoppolaRoman CoppolaSofia CoppolaCarmine CoppolaItalia CoppolaAugust CoppolaTalia ShireNicolas CageGia CoppolaCoppola Family TreeAmerican EnglishHelp:IPA/EnglishFilm DirectorFilm ProducerScreenwriterFilm ComposerNew HollywoodThe Rain PeoplePatton (film)Academy Award For Best Original ScreenplayEdmund H. 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WarnerNapa County, CaliforniaWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Words To WatchGolden Globe Award For Best Actress – Motion Picture DramaGeorge LucasThe Rain PeopleGolden ShellSan Sebastián International Film FestivalZoetropeEuropeMarin County, CaliforniaAmerican ZoetropeSan FranciscoHDTVAndrew SarrisEnlargeNew HollywoodSteven SpielbergMartin ScorseseBrian De PalmaTerrence MalickRobert AltmanWoody AllenWilliam FriedkinPhilip KaufmanGeorge LucasPatton (film)Edmund H. NorthAcademy AwardAcademy Award For Best Writing (Original Screenplay)Franklin J. SchaffnerPatton (film)Flag Of The United StatesMotion Picture Rating SystemThe Saturday Evening PostThe GodfatherCorleone FamilyAcademy AwardAcademy Award For Best Writing (Adapted Screenplay)Golden Globe AwardGolden Globe Award For Best DirectorGolden Globe Award For Best ScreenplayParamount PicturesSergio LeoneOnce Upon A Time In AmericaPeter BogdanovichWhat's Up, Doc? (1972 Film)Edward G. 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E. HintonMatt DillonRalph MacchioC. Thomas HowellPatrick SwayzeRob LoweEmilio EstevezDiane LaneTom CruiseRumble FishTulsa, OklahomaRobert FrostStevie WonderRumble FishRumble Fish (novel)S. E. HintonMickey RourkeMatt DillonThe Cotton Club (film)Robert Evans (film Producer)Rip Van WinkleFaerie Tale TheatreHarry Dean StantonCaptain EODisney Theme ParksGeorge LucasMichael JacksonPeggy Sue Got Married1986 In FilmKathleen TurnerNicolas CageJim CarreyThe Outsiders (film)Rumble FishApocalypse NowEntertainment WeeklyGardens Of StoneJames Caan (actor)Gian-Carlo CoppolaTucker: The Man And His DreamPreston TuckerTucker AutomobileMarlon BrandoThe Godfather Part IIJeff Bridges62nd Academy AwardsMartin LandauGolden Globe Award For Best Supporting Actor – Motion PictureDean TavoularisBAFTA Award For Best Production DesignNew York StoriesAcademy AwardMartin ScorseseWoody AllenAnthology FilmNew York StoriesTalia ShireSofia CoppolaThe Washington PostThe Godfather Part IIIEnlarge1996 Cannes Film FestivalSofia CoppolaMary CorleoneWinona RyderAcademy AwardAcademy Award For Best DirectorAcademy Award For Best PictureBram Stoker's DraculaBram StokerDraculaGary OldmanKeanu ReevesWinona RyderAnthony HopkinsAcademy Award For Best Costume DesignAcademy Award For Best MakeupAcademy Award For Best Sound EditingJack (1996 Film)Robin WilliamsDiane LaneBrian KerwinBill CosbyJennifer LopezFran DrescherMichael McKeanBig (film)Tom HanksThe Rainmaker (1997 Film)1995 In LiteratureThe Rainmaker (John Grisham)John GrishamRotten TomatoesRoger EbertJames BerardinelliThe Adventures Of PinocchioWarner Bros.J. Edgar HooverThe Secret GardenThe Secret Garden (1993 Film)American ZoetropeAgnieszka HollandClint EastwoodJ. EdgarContact (1997 American Film)Carl SaganWarner Bros.Contact (novel)Television SpecialAmerican ZoetropeSesame WorkshopSimon & SchusterEnlarge2001 Cannes Film FestivalYouth Without Youth (film)Youth Without Youth (novella)Mircea EliadeRotten TomatoesTetroMetacriticRotten TomatoesRoger EbertChicago Sun-TimesVincent GalloAlden EhrenreichLeonardo DiCaprioVariety (magazine)NirvanaRichard CorlissTime (magazine)Twixt (film)Val KilmerElle FanningJoanne WhalleyBruce DernTom WaitsDistant VisionGeorge LucasTHX 1138Warner Bros.American ZoetropeThe GodfatherAmerican ZoetropeNapa Valley AVAGustave NiebaumRutherford, CaliforniaGodfather TrilogyInglenook WineryRubicon Estate WineryUptown Theater (Napa, California)Francis Ford Coppola PresentsLifestyle BrandGeyserville, CaliforniaTivoli GardensCopenhagenBocceOscarsVito CorleoneThe Godfather1948 Tucker SedanTucker: The Man And His DreamEnlargeBernaldaFrancis Ford Coppola PresentsLifestyle BrandBelizePlacenciaBelizeLago Petén ItzáGuatemalaBuenos AiresArgentinaPalazzo Margherita (Bernalda)BernaldaItalyAmerican ZoetropeInglenook (Winery)Robin WilliamsRobert De NiroSan FranciscoZoetrope: All-StoryLiterary MagazineShort StoryWoody AllenMargaret AtwoodHaruki MurakamiAlice MunroDon DeLilloMary GaitskillEdward AlbeeMario Vargas LlosaDavid MametSteven SpielbergSalman RushdieGus Van SantTom WaitsLaurie AndersonMarjane SatrapiGuillermo Del ToroDavid BowieDavid ByrneDennis HopperAndy Garcia1996 Cannes Film FestivalThessaloniki Film FestivalDemocratic Party (United States)Mike Thompson (California Politician)Nancy PelosiU.S. House Of RepresentativesBarbara BoxerAlan CranstonU.S. SenateSeptember 11 AttacksSight & SoundMovieMaker MagazineEntertainment WeeklyThe GodfatherThe Godfather Part IIApocalypse NowPatton (film)Writers Guild Of America, WestAFI's 100 Years…100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition)AFI's 100 Years…100 ThrillsAmerican GraffitiThe ConversationPatton (film)Berlin International Film FestivalGolden LionVenice Film FestivalDirectors Guild Of AmericaSan Sebastián International Film FestivalFilm Society Of Lincoln CenterDenver Film Festival2007 Antalya Golden Orange Film FestivalAcademy Of Motion Picture Arts And SciencesIrving G. 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For Best DirectorDirectors Guild Of America AwardGolden Globe Award For Best Motion Picture – DramaGolden Globe Award For Best DirectorGolden Globe Award For Best ScreenplayBram Stoker's DraculaSaturn Award For Best DirectionSaturn Award For Best Horror FilmHugo Award For Best Dramatic PresentationThe Junky's ChristmasMary Shelley's Frankenstein (film)Saturn Award For Best Horror FilmDon Juan DeMarcoJack (1996 Film)Young Artist AwardThe Rainmaker (1997 Film)USC Scripter AwardPolitical Film Society Award For DemocracyLani Loa – The PassageThe FlorentineThe Virgin Suicides (film)Jeepers Creepers (2001 Film)Jeepers Creepers 2Youth Without Youth (film)TetroTwixt (film)Distant VisionPortal:Film In The United StatesCoppola Family TreeList Of Wine PersonalitiesList Of Celebrities Who Own Wineries And VineyardsThe New York TimesInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-306-80598-1Inside The Actors StudioInside The Actors StudioBravo (US TV Channel)Andrew SarrisInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8131-2304-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-7100-0503-8The Kid Stays In The Picture2002 In FilmRoger EbertJames BerardinelliEntertainment WeeklyVariety (magazine)Wikipedia:Link RotVariety (magazine)Variety (magazine)Box Office MojoNew York TimesNapa Valley RegisterNapa Valley RegisterWayback MachineWayback MachineMinistry Of Foreign Affairs (Belize)International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-275-92910-7Encyclopædia BritannicaIMDbAllMovieT (New York Times)International Herald TribuneOpen LibraryTemplate:Francis Ford CoppolaTemplate Talk:Francis Ford CoppolaThe Bellboy And The PlaygirlsTonight For SureBattle Beyond The SunDementia 13You're A Big Boy NowFinian's Rainbow (film)The Rain PeopleThe GodfatherThe ConversationThe Godfather Part IIApocalypse NowApocalypse Now ReduxOne From The HeartThe Outsiders (film)Rumble FishThe Cotton Club (film)Captain EOPeggy Sue Got MarriedGardens Of StoneTucker: The Man And His DreamNew York StoriesThe Godfather Part IIIBram Stoker's DraculaJack (1996 Film)The Rainmaker (1997 Film)Youth Without Youth (film)TetroTwixt (film)Is Paris Burning? (film)This Property Is CondemnedPatton (film)The Great Gatsby (1974 Film)American GraffitiThe Junky's ChristmasMary Shelley's Frankenstein (film)Don Juan DeMarcoLani Loa – The PassageThe Florentine (film)The Virgin Suicides (film)American ZoetropeZoetrope: All-StoryRubicon Estate WineryFrancis Ford Coppola PresentsTemplate:Academy Award Best DirectorTemplate Talk:Academy Award Best DirectorAcademy Award For Best DirectorFrank BorzageLewis MilestoneFrank LloydLewis MilestoneNorman TaurogFrank BorzageFrank LloydFrank CapraJohn FordFrank CapraLeo McCareyFrank CapraVictor FlemingJohn FordJohn FordWilliam WylerMichael CurtizLeo McCareyBilly WilderWilliam WylerElia KazanJohn HustonJoseph L. MankiewiczJoseph L. MankiewiczGeorge StevensJohn FordFred ZinnemannElia KazanDelbert MannGeorge StevensDavid LeanVincente MinnelliWilliam WylerBilly WilderJerome RobbinsRobert WiseDavid LeanTony RichardsonGeorge CukorRobert WiseFred ZinnemannMike NicholsCarol ReedJohn SchlesingerFranklin J. SchaffnerWilliam FriedkinBob FosseGeorge Roy HillMiloš FormanJohn G. AvildsenWoody AllenMichael CiminoRobert BentonRobert RedfordWarren BeattyRichard AttenboroughJames L. BrooksMiloš FormanSydney PollackOliver StoneBernardo BertolucciBarry LevinsonOliver StoneKevin CostnerJonathan DemmeClint EastwoodSteven SpielbergRobert ZemeckisMel GibsonAnthony MinghellaJames CameronSteven SpielbergSam MendesSteven SoderberghRon HowardRoman PolanskiPeter JacksonClint EastwoodAng LeeMartin ScorseseCoen BrothersDanny BoyleKathryn BigelowTom HooperMichel HazanaviciusAng LeeAlfonso CuarónAlejandro González IñárrituAlejandro González IñárrituDamien ChazelleTemplate:Academy Award Best Original ScreenplayTemplate Talk:Academy Award Best Original ScreenplayAcademy Award For Best Original ScreenplayPreston SturgesHerman J. MankiewiczOrson WellesMichael KaninRing Lardner Jr.Norman KrasnaLamar TrottiRichard SchweizerMuriel BoxSydney BoxSidney SheldonRobert PiroshCharles BrackettD. M. 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