Contents 1 History 2 Angels Gate Park 3 Museum 4 See also 5 References 6 External links


History[edit] In 1888, President Grover Cleveland designated an area overlooking San Pedro Bay as an unnamed military reservation intended to improve the defenses of the expanding Los Angeles harbor area. Additional land was purchased in 1897 and 1910, and Fort MacArthur was formally created on October 31, 1914. The fort was a training center during World War I, and the first large gun batteries for harbor defense were installed in 1917. The effectiveness of these fixed gun emplacements was debated for many years, and test firings were extremely unpopular with nearby residents, the concussion shattering windows in buildings and houses for miles around. By the end of World War II the large guns were already being removed, with the last decommissioned in 1948. Battery Osgood-Farley is probably the best preserved example of a United States coastal defense gun emplacement, and it was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976. A second site, Battery John Barlow and Saxton, was added to the Register in 1982. During the early years of the Cold War, Fort MacArthur became a key part of the West Coast's anti-aircraft defenses, becoming the home base of the 47th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Brigade. A Nike surface-to-air missile battery was activated at the fort in 1954, remaining in service until the early 1970s. In 1975 Fort MacArthur became a sub-post of Fort Ord, and the Army transferred ownership of the fort's Upper and Lower Reservations to the City of Los Angeles two years later. The Lower Reservation was cleared off and dredged and is now the city's Cabrillo Marina. Fort MacArthur's remaining Middle Reservation was transferred to the United States Air Force in 1982 for use by the Los Angeles Air Force Base as an administration and housing facility.[2] In 1989, Madonna filmed some parts for her Like a Prayer video.[citation needed]


Angels Gate Park[edit] The Upper Reservation is now a city park: San Pedro's Angels Gate Park, home of the Korean Bell of Friendship. It is also frequently used by television and motion picture companies. The artillery emplacements have been seen in the television series 24 and in movies as varied as Dragnet, Midway and Tora! Tora! Tora!. A gun battery emplacement, just west of Battery 241 (beneath the Korean Bell of Friendship, seen in upper left), at Fort MacArthur military base in San Pedro, CA. Hostelling International USA (part of Hostelling International) maintains a 57-bed youth hostel in the refurbished military barracks of the reservation.[3] The Belmont Shore Model Railroad Club has occupied a barracks in Angels Gate Park since the 1980s. The Club has built and maintained an approximate 2500 square foot N-scale (1/160) model of 1950s Southern California railroading, from the Port to the San Joaquin Valley. The club is one of the oldest and largest permanent N-scale model railroads in the United States. The model railroad is open to the public during Open House weekends twice a year and on the second and third Tuesdays of the month.[4] Angels Gate Cultural Center[5] is located In Angels Gate Park on the bluff of San Pedro overlooking the Pacific, with notable views of ocean, harbor and hills. The Center emerged in the 1970s from a group of San Pedro artists that created artist’s studio and exhibition space within the 1940-era Army barracks in Ft. MacArthur Upper Reservation. In 1977, San Pedro’s Angels Gate Park became a facility of the City of Los Angeles Department of Recreation and Parks, with the requirement that a cultural center be developed for the community. In 1982, the group of local artists expanded their endeavors as an artists’ community and in 1985 Angels Gate Cultural Center was granted non-profit status and a contract with the City of Los Angeles. In 2005, Angels Gate Cultural Center successfully negotiated a 30-year lease with the Department of Recreation and Parks. Today, the Cultural Center presents a year-round schedule of gallery exhibitions, classes and international residencies as well as provides quality, in-depth instruction in the visual and performing arts to students K-12 throughout the Harbor Region with their Artists in Classroom program. Professional artists teach all classes through ongoing classroom residencies. Angels Gate Cultural Center continues to provide professional work-studio space for 52 artists, including musicians, ceramists, painters, sculptors, writers, photographers, printmakers and jewelers.


Museum[edit] The Fort MacArthur Military Museum, located at the site of Battery Osgood-Farley, displays exhibits on the history of Fort MacArthur, its role in defending the Los Angeles area, American Pacific Theater military campaigns, and the role of Los Angeles as a military port.


See also[edit] 63rd Coast Artillery (United States) 14-inch M1920 railway gun List of Registered Historic Places in Los Angeles List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in the Harbor area Greater Los Angeles portal Military history portal Government of the United States portal


References[edit] ^ National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.  ^ "The History of Fort MacArthur". Fort MacArthur Museum. 2008-10-17. Retrieved 2009-08-10.  ^ HI Los Angeles Youth Hostel South Bay – Los Angeles Cheap Hostels California. HIUSA. Retrieved on 2013-09-18. ^ More information and photos can be found at: http://www.belmontshorerr.com/ ^ Angels Gate Art


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fort MacArthur. Official Fort MacArthur Military Museum website California State Military Museum website: Fort MacArthur history Los Angeles Air Force Base Military Directory U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Fort MacArthur Military Museum v t e San Pedro, Los Angeles Education Primary and secondary schools Los Angeles Unified School District San Pedro High School Other education Los Angeles Community College District Los Angeles Public Library Other Landmarks James H. Dodson Residence Fort MacArthur Korean Bell of Friendship Harbor View House Los Angeles Maritime Museum Ralph J. Scott San Pedro Municipal Ferry Building USS Los Angeles (CA-135) Municipal Warehouse No. 1 Old St. Peter's Episcopal Church Point Fermin Light Port of Los Angeles American Trona Corporation Building Los Angeles Harbor Light USS Iowa Museum/USS Iowa (BB-61) Red Men Hall SS Lane Victory Timm's Point and Landing Vincent Thomas Bridge United States Post Office Warner Grand Theatre Waterfront Red Car This list is incomplete. v t e Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments Downtown Los Angeles East and Northeast Sides Harbor Area Hollywood San Fernando Valley Silver Lake, Angelino Heights and Echo Park South Los Angeles Westside Wilshire and Westlake Areas v t e U.S. National Register of Historic Places Topics Architectural style categories Contributing property Historic district History of the National Register of Historic Places Keeper of the Register National Park Service Property types Lists by states Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Lists by insular areas American Samoa Guam Minor Outlying Islands Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico Virgin Islands Lists by associated states Federated States of Micronesia Marshall Islands Palau Other areas District of Columbia Morocco Portal Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fort_MacArthur&oldid=817316445" Categories: Forts in CaliforniaParks in Los AngelesMuseums in Los AngelesMilitary and war museums in CaliforniaPalos Verdes PeninsulaSan Pedro, Los AngelesClosed installations of the United States ArmyFormerly Used Defense Sites in CaliforniaMilitary facilities in the Greater Los Angeles AreaMilitary installations closed in 1982Historic districts in Los AngelesLos Angeles Historic-Cultural MonumentsForts on the National Register of Historic Places in CaliforniaHistoric districts on the National Register of Historic Places in CaliforniaMilitary facilities on the National Register of Historic Places in Los AngelesNational Register of Historic Places in Los AngelesBuildings and structures completed in 19161916 establishments in CaliforniaSpanish Colonial Revival architecture in CaliforniaHidden categories: Wikipedia page with obscure country or subdivisionCoordinates on WikidataAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from October 2016


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