Contents 1 Specific areas of FIPS standardization 2 Data security standards 3 Withdrawal of geographic codes 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Specific areas of FIPS standardization[edit] The U.S. government has developed various FIPS specifications to standardize a number of topics including: Codes: for instance, standards for encoding data (such as FIPS county codes or codes to indicate weather conditions or emergency indications). In 1994 NOAA began broadcasting coded signals called FIPS codes along with their standard weather broadcasts from local stations. These codes identify the type of emergency and the specific geographic area, such as a county, affected by the emergency. Encryption standards, such as the Data Encryption Standard (FIPS 46-3[2]) and the Advanced Encryption Standard (FIPS 197[3])

Data security standards[edit] Some FIPS standards have related to the security of data processing systems.[4] Some of these included the use of key escrow systems.[5][6]

Withdrawal of geographic codes[edit] Some examples of FIPS Codes for geographical areas include FIPS 10-4 for country codes or region codes and FIPS 5-2 for state codes. These codes were similar to or comparable with, but not the same as, ISO 3166, or the NUTS standard of the European Union. In 2002, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) withdrew several geographic FIPS code standards, including those for countries (FIPS 10-4), U.S. states (FIPS 5-2), and counties (FIPS 6-4).[7][8] These are to be replaced by ISO 3166 and INCITS standards 38 and 31, respectively.[9] Some of the codes maintain the previous numerical system, particularly for states.[10] In 2008, NIST withdrew the FIPS 55-3 database.[7] This database included 5-digit numeric place codes for cities, towns, and villages, or other centers of population in the United States. The codes were assigned alphabetically to places within each state, and as a result changed frequently in order to maintain the alphabetical sorting. NIST replaced these codes with the more permanent GNIS Feature ID, maintained by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names. The GNIS database is the official geographic names repository database for the United States, and is designated the only source of geographic names and locative attributes for use by the agencies of the Federal Government.[11] FIPS 8-6 "Metropolitan Areas" and 9-1 "Congressional Districts of the U.S." were also withdrawn in 2008, to be replaced with INCITS standards 454 and 455, respectively.[9] The U.S. Census Bureau used FIPS place codes database to identify legal and statistical entities for county subdivisions, places, and American Indian areas, Alaska Native areas, or Hawaiian home lands when they needed to present census data for these areas.[12] In response to the NIST decision, the Census Bureau is in the process of transitioning over to the GNIS Feature ID, which will be completed after the 2010 Census. Until then, previously issued FIPS place codes, renamed "Census Code," will continue to be used, with the Census bureau assigning new codes as needed for their internal use during the transition.[10][13]

See also[edit] Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (FISMA) FIPS 140 Security requirements for cryptography modules FIPS 153 (3D graphics) FIPS 197 (Rijndael / AES cipher) FIPS 199 Standards for Security Categorization of Federal Information and Information Systems FIPS 201 Personal Identity Verification for Federal Employees and Contractors List of FIPS region codes List of FIPS state codes

References[edit] ^ a b "FIPS General Information". 2013-09-09. Retrieved 2015-04-01.  ^ FIPS 46-3 ^ FIPS 197 ^ "Minimum Security Requirements for Federal Information and Information Systems" (PDF). 2007-03-01. Retrieved 2015-04-01.  ^ "87-20-20 Key Escrow Encryption Policies and Technologies" (PDF). 1998-06-01. Retrieved 2015-02-14.  ^ "FIPS-185 Escrowed Encryption Standard" (PDF). 1994-02-01. Retrieved 2015-04-01.  ^ a b National Institute of Standards and Technology (2012-10-22). "Withdrawn FIPS Listed by Number" (PDF). National Institute of Standards and Technology. Retrieved 2013-03-06.  ^ Turner, James M. (2008-09-02). "Announcing Approval of the Withdrawal of Ten Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS)". NIST. Federal Register. 73: 51276. Retrieved 2017-11-02.  ^ a b "FIPS Code Replacement Chart 2012" (PDF). National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2012-06-28. Retrieved 2013-03-06.  ^ a b "American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Codes". United States Census Bureau. February 24, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-03.  ^ "FIPS 55 Change Notice" (PDF). United States Geological Survey. January 1, 2006. Retrieved 2010-08-03.  ^ "Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS)". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2014-02-07. Retrieved 2010-08-03.  ^ "2009 TIGER/Line Shapefiles Technical Documentation" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2009. Retrieved 2010-08-03. 

External links[edit] FIPS homepage at NIST Computer Security Division NIST v t e Geocoding systems Administrative codes HASC NUTS (EU) ONS MARC country codes SGC codes (Canada) UN M.49 (UN) Airport codes IATA airport code ICAO airport code Country codes IANA country code ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 alpha-3 numeric IOC country code FIFA country code Geodesic place codes Global Geohash Geohash-36 GEOREF Geotude SALB Marsden square Military Grid Reference System Munich Orientation Convention Natural Area Code Open Location Code QDGC UN/LOCODE UTM what3words WMO squares North America FIPS country code (FIPS 10-4) FIPS place code (FIPS 55) FIPS county code (FIPS 6-4) FIPS state code (FIPS 5-2) SGC codes Postal codes Natural Area Code Postal Index Number (India) ZIP Code (United States) Telephony ITU-R country codes ITU-T country calling codes ITU-T mobile calling codes Radio broadcasting Maidenhead Locator System Historical : QRA locator Sport IOC country codes FIFA country codes Retrieved from "" Categories: National Institute of Standards and TechnologyStandards of the United StatesStatistical data coding

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FIPS County CodeStandardizationUnited States Federal GovernmentAmerican National Standards InstituteInstitute Of Electrical And Electronics EngineersInternational Organization For StandardizationFIPS County CodeNOAAData Encryption StandardAdvanced Encryption StandardKey EscrowList Of FIPS Country CodesList Of FIPS Region CodesFIPS State CodeISO 3166Nomenclature Of Territorial Units For StatisticsEuropean UnionNational Institute Of Standards And TechnologyU.S. StateCounty (United States)FIPS County CodeInternational Committee For Information Technology StandardsGeographic Names Information SystemU.S. Board On Geographic NamesInternational Committee For Information Technology StandardsU.S. Census BureauIndigenous Peoples Of The AmericasAlaska NativeNative HawaiianUnited States Census, 2010Federal Information Security Management Act Of 2002FIPS 140CryptographicFIPS 153FIPS 197RijndaelAdvanced Encryption StandardFIPS 199FIPS 201List Of FIPS Region CodesFederal Information Processing Standard State CodeNational Institute Of Standards And TechnologyNational Institute Of Standards And TechnologyNational Institute Of Standards And TechnologyFederal RegisterNational Institute Of Standards And TechnologyUnited States Census BureauPortable Document FormatUnited States Geological SurveyUnited States Census BureauPortable Document FormatUnited States Census BureauTemplate:Geocoding-systemsTemplate Talk:Geocoding-systemsList Of Geocoding SystemsHierarchical Administrative Subdivision CodesNomenclature Of Territorial Units For StatisticsONS Coding SystemMARC StandardsStandard Geographical Classification Code (Canada)UN M.49IATA Airport CodeICAO Airport CodeCountry Code Top-level DomainISO 3166-1ISO 3166-1 Alpha-2ISO 3166-1 Alpha-3ISO 3166-1 NumericList Of IOC Country CodesList Of FIFA Country CodesGeohashGeohash-36World Geographic Reference SystemMarsden SquareMilitary Grid Reference SystemNatural Area CodeOpen Location CodeQDGCUN/LOCODEUniversal Transverse Mercator Coordinate SystemWhat3wordsWorld Meteorological Organization SquaresList Of FIPS Country CodesFIPS County CodeFederal Information Processing Standard State CodeStandard Geographical Classification Code (Canada)Postal CodeNatural Area CodePostal Index NumberZIP CodeList Of ITU Letter CodesList Of Country Calling CodesMobile Country CodeMaidenhead Locator SystemQRA LocatorList Of IOC Country CodesList Of FIFA Country CodesHelp:CategoryCategory:National Institute Of Standards And TechnologyCategory:Standards Of The United StatesCategory:Statistical Data CodingDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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