Contents 1 Budget, mission, and priorities 2 History 2.1 Background 2.2 Creation 2.3 J. Edgar Hoover as FBI Director 2.3.1 National security 2.3.2 Japanese American internment 2.3.3 Sex deviates program 2.3.4 Civil rights movement 2.3.5 Kennedy's assassination 2.4 Organized crime 2.5 Special FBI teams 2.6 Notable efforts in the 1990s 2.7 September 11 attacks 2.8 Faulty bullet analysis 3 Organization 3.1 Organizational structure 3.2 Rank structure 4 Legal authority 4.1 Indian reservations 5 Infrastructure 6 Personnel 6.1 Hiring process 6.2 BOI and FBI directors 7 Firearms 8 Publications 8.1 Crime statistics 8.1.1 Uniform Crime Reports 8.1.2 National Incident-Based Reporting System 9 eGuardian 10 Controversies 10.1 Files on U.S. citizens 10.2 Covert operations on political groups 10.3 Files on Puerto Rican independence advocates 10.4 Activities in Latin America 10.5 Internal investigations of shootings 10.6 The Whitey Bulger case 10.7 Robert Hanssen 10.8 Death of Filiberto Ojeda Rios 10.9 Associated Press impersonation case 10.10 Wikipedia edits 10.11 Hillary Clinton email investigation 10.12 2017 dismissal of Director Comey 10.13 The Nunes memo 10.14 Florida school shooting 11 Media portrayal 12 Notable FBI personnel 13 See also 14 References 15 Further reading 16 External links

Budget, mission, and priorities FBI Domestic Investigations and Operations Guide In the fiscal year 2016, the Bureau's total budget was approximately $8.7 billion.[2] The FBI's main goal is to protect and defend the United States, to uphold and enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and to provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state, municipal, and international agencies and partners.[5] Currently, the FBI's top priorities are:[10] Protect the United States from terrorist attacks, Protect the United States against foreign intelligence operations and espionage, Protect the United States against cyber-based attacks and high-technology crimes, Combat public corruption at all levels, Protect civil rights, Combat transnational/national criminal organizations and enterprises, Combat major white-collar crime, Combat significant violent crime, Support federal, state, local and international partners, and Upgrade technology to enable, and further, the successful performances of its missions as stated above.

History Background In 1896, the National Bureau of Criminal Identification was founded, which provided agencies across the country with information to identify known criminals. The 1901 assassination of President William McKinley created a perception that America was under threat from anarchists. The Departments of Justice and Labor had been keeping records on anarchists for years, but President Theodore Roosevelt wanted more power to monitor them.[11] The Justice Department had been tasked with the regulation of interstate commerce since 1887, though it lacked the staff to do so. It had made little effort to relieve its staff shortage until the Oregon land fraud scandal at the turn of the 20th Century. President Roosevelt instructed Attorney General Charles Bonaparte to organize an autonomous investigative service that would report only to the Attorney General.[12] Bonaparte reached out to other agencies, including the U.S. Secret Service, for personnel, investigators in particular. On May 27, 1908, the Congress forbade this use of Treasury employees by the Justice Department, citing fears that the new agency would serve as a secret police department.[13] Again at Roosevelt's urging, Bonaparte moved to organize a formal Bureau of Investigation, which would then have its own staff of special agents.[11] Creation The Bureau of Investigation (BOI) was created on July 26, 1908, after the Congress had adjourned for the summer.[11] Attorney General Bonaparte, using Department of Justice expense funds,[11] hired thirty-four people, including some veterans of the Secret Service,[14][15] to work for a new investigative agency. Its first "Chief" (the title is now known as "Director") was Stanley Finch. Bonaparte notified the Congress of these actions in December 1908.[11] The bureau's first official task was visiting and making surveys of the houses of prostitution in preparation for enforcing the "White Slave Traffic Act," or Mann Act, passed on June 25, 1910. In 1932, the bureau was renamed the United States Bureau of Investigation. The following year it was linked to the Bureau of Prohibition and rechristened the Division of Investigation (DOI) before finally becoming an independent service within the Department of Justice in 1935.[14] In the same year, its name was officially changed from the Division of Investigation to the present-day Federal Bureau of Investigation, or FBI. J. Edgar Hoover as FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, FBI Director from 1924 to 1972 J. Edgar Hoover served as FBI Director from 1924 to 1972, a combined 48 years with the BOI, DOI, and FBI. He was chiefly responsible for creating the Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory, or the FBI Laboratory, which officially opened in 1932, as part of his work to professionalize investigations by the government. Hoover was substantially involved in most major cases and projects that the FBI handled during his tenure. But as detailed below, his proved to be a highly controversial tenure as Bureau Director, especially in its later years. After Hoover's death, the Congress passed legislation that limited the tenure of future FBI Directors to ten years. Early homicide investigations of the new agency included the Osage Indian murders. During the "War on Crime" of the 1930s, FBI agents apprehended or killed a number of notorious criminals who carried out kidnappings, robberies, and murders throughout the nation, including John Dillinger, "Baby Face" Nelson, Kate "Ma" Barker, Alvin "Creepy" Karpis, and George "Machine Gun" Kelly. Other activities of its early decades included a decisive role in reducing the scope and influence of the Ku Klux Klan. Additionally, through the work of Edwin Atherton, the BOI claimed success in apprehending an entire army of Mexican neo-revolutionaries under the leadership of General Enrique Estrada in the mid-1920s, east of San Diego, California. Hoover began using wiretapping in the 1920s during Prohibition to arrest bootleggers.[16] In the 1927 case Olmstead v. United States, in which a bootlegger was caught through telephone tapping, the United States Supreme Court ruled that FBI wiretaps did not violate the Fourth Amendment as unlawful search and seizure, as long as the FBI did not break into a person's home to complete the tapping.[16] After Prohibition's repeal, Congress passed the Communications Act of 1934, which outlawed non-consensual phone tapping, but did allow bugging.[16] In the 1939 case Nardone v. United States, the court ruled that due to the 1934 law, evidence the FBI obtained by phone tapping was inadmissible in court.[16] After the 1967 case Katz v. United States overturned the 1927 case that had allowed bugging, Congress passed the Omnibus Crime Control Act, allowing public authorities to tap telephones during investigations, as long as they obtained warrants beforehand.[16] National security Beginning in the 1940s and continuing into the 1970s, the bureau investigated cases of espionage against the United States and its allies. Eight Nazi agents who had planned sabotage operations against American targets were arrested, and six were executed (Ex parte Quirin) under their sentences. Also during this time, a joint US/UK code-breaking effort called "The Venona Project"—with which the FBI was heavily involved—broke Soviet diplomatic and intelligence communications codes, allowing the US and British governments to read Soviet communications. This effort confirmed the existence of Americans working in the United States for Soviet intelligence.[17] Hoover was administering this project, but he failed to notify the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) of it until 1952. Another notable case was the arrest of Soviet spy Rudolf Abel in 1957.[18] The discovery of Soviet spies operating in the US allowed Hoover to pursue his longstanding obsession with the threat he perceived from the American Left, ranging from Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) union organizers to American liberals. Japanese American internment In 1939, the Bureau began compiling a custodial detention list with the names of those who would be taken into custody in the event of war with Axis nations. The majority of the names on the list belonged to Issei community leaders, as the FBI investigation built on an existing Naval Intelligence index that had focused on Japanese Americans in Hawaii and the West Coast, but many German and Italian nationals also found their way onto the secret list.[19] Robert Shivers, head of the Honolulu office, obtained permission from Hoover to start detaining those on the list on December 7, 1941, while bombs were still falling over Pearl Harbor.[20] Mass arrests and searches of homes (in most cases conducted without warrants) began a few hours after the attack, and over the next several weeks more than 5,500 Issei men were taken into FBI custody.[21] On February 19, 1942, President Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066, authorizing the removal of Japanese Americans from the West Coast. FBI Director Hoover opposed the subsequent mass removal and confinement of Japanese Americans authorized under Executive Order 9066, but Roosevelt prevailed.[22] The vast majority went along with the subsequent exclusion orders, but in a handful of cases where Japanese Americans refused to obey the new military regulations, FBI agents handled their arrests.[20] The Bureau continued surveillance on Japanese Americans throughout the war, conducting background checks on applicants for resettlement outside camp, and entering the camps (usually without the permission of War Relocation Authority officials) and grooming informants to monitor dissidents and "troublemakers." After the war, the FBI was assigned to protect returning Japanese Americans from attacks by hostile white communities.[20] Sex deviates program According to Douglas M. Charles, the FBI's "sex deviates" program began on April 10, 1950 when J. Edgar Hoover forwarded the White House, U.S. Civil Service Commission, and branches of the armed services a list of 393 alleged federal employees who were allegedly arrested in Washington D.C., since 1947, on charges of "sexual irregularities". On June 20, 1951, Hoover expanded the program by issuing a memo establishing a "uniform policy for the handling of the increasing number of reports and allegations concerning present and past employees of the United State Government who assertedly [sic] are sex deviates." The program was expanded to include non-government jobs. According to Athan Theoharis, "In 1951 he [Hoover] had unilaterally instituted a Sex Deviates program to purge alleged homosexuals from any position in the federal government, from the lowliest clerk to the more powerful position of White house aide." On May 27, 1953, Executive Order 10450 went into effect. The program was expanded further by this executive order by making all federal employment of homosexuals illegal. On July 8, 1953, the FBI forwarded to the U.S. Civil Service Commission information from the sex deviates program. In 1977–1978, 300,000 pages, collected between 1930 to the mid-1970s, in the sex deviates program were destroyed by FBI officials.[23][24][25] Civil rights movement During the 1950s and 1960s, FBI officials became increasingly concerned about the influence of civil rights leaders, whom they believed either had communist ties or were unduly influenced by communists or "fellow travellers." In 1956, for example, Hoover sent an open letter denouncing Dr. T. R. M. Howard, a civil rights leader, surgeon, and wealthy entrepreneur in Mississippi who had criticized FBI inaction in solving recent murders of George W. Lee, Emmett Till, and other blacks in the South.[26] The FBI carried out controversial domestic surveillance in an operation it called the COINTELPRO, a portmanteau derived from "COunter-INTELligence PROgram."[27] It was to investigate and disrupt the activities of dissident political organizations within the United States, including both militant and non-violent organizations. Among its targets was the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, a leading civil rights organization whose clergy leadership included the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., who is addressed in more detail below.[28] The "suicide letter",[29] mailed anonymously to King by the FBI The FBI frequently investigated Martin Luther King, Jr. In the mid-1960s, King began publicly criticizing the Bureau for giving insufficient attention to the use of terrorism by white supremacists. Hoover responded by publicly calling King the most "notorious liar" in the United States.[30] In his 1991 memoir, Washington Post journalist Carl Rowan asserted that the FBI had sent at least one anonymous letter to King encouraging him to commit suicide.[31] Historian Taylor Branch documents an anonymous November 1964 "suicide package" sent by the Bureau that combined a letter to the civil rights leader telling him "You are done. There is only one way out for you..." with audio recordings of King's sexual indiscretions.[32] In March 1971, the residential office of an FBI agent in Media, Pennsylvania was burgled by a group calling itself the Citizens' Commission to Investigate the FBI. Numerous files were taken and distributed to a range of newspapers, including The Harvard Crimson.[33] The files detailed the FBI's extensive COINTELPRO program, which included investigations into lives of ordinary citizens—including a black student group at a Pennsylvania military college and the daughter of Congressman Henry Reuss of Wisconsin.[33] The country was "jolted" by the revelations, which included assassinations of political activists, and the actions were denounced by members of the Congress, including House Majority Leader Hale Boggs.[33] The phones of some members of the Congress, including Boggs, had allegedly been tapped.[33] Kennedy's assassination When President John F. Kennedy was shot and killed, the jurisdiction fell to the local police departments until President Lyndon B. Johnson directed the FBI to take over the investigation.[34] To ensure clarity about the responsibility for investigation of homicides of federal officials, the Congress passed a law that included investigations of such deaths of federal officials, especially by homicide, within FBI jurisdiction. This new law was passed in 1965.[35][36][37] Organized crime An FBI surveillance photograph of Joseph D. Pistone (aka Donnie Brasco), Benjamin "Lefty" Ruggiero and Edgar Robb (aka Tony Rossi), 1980s In response to organized crime, on August 25, 1953, the FBI created the Top Hoodlum Program. The national office directed field offices to gather information on mobsters in their territories and to report it regularly to Washington for a centralized collection of intelligence on racketeers.[38] After the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, or RICO Act, took effect, the FBI began investigating the former Prohibition-organized groups, which had become fronts for crime in major cities and small towns. All of the FBI work was done undercover and from within these organizations, using the provisions provided in the RICO Act. Gradually the agency dismantled many of the groups. Although Hoover initially denied the existence of a National Crime Syndicate in the United States, the Bureau later conducted operations against known organized crime syndicates and families, including those headed by Sam Giancana and John Gotti. The RICO Act is still used today for all organized crime and any individuals who may fall under the Act's provisions. In 2003 a congressional committee called the FBI's organized crime informant program "one of the greatest failures in the history of federal law enforcement."[39] The FBI allowed four innocent men to be convicted of the March 1965 gangland murder of Edward "Teddy" Deegan in order to protect Vincent Flemmi, an FBI informant. Three of the men were sentenced to death (which was later reduced to life in prison), and the fourth defendant was sentenced to life in prison.[39] Two of the four men died in prison after serving almost 30 years, and two others were released after serving 32 and 36 years. In July 2007, U.S. District Judge Nancy Gertner in Boston found that the Bureau had helped convict the four men using false witness accounts given by mobster Joseph Barboza. The U.S. Government was ordered to pay $100 million in damages to the four defendants.[40] Special FBI teams FBI SWAT agents in a training exercise In 1982, the FBI formed an elite unit[41] to help with problems that might arise at the 1984 Summer Olympics to be held in Los Angeles, particularly terrorism and major-crime. This was a result of the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany, when terrorists murdered the Israeli athletes. Named the Hostage Rescue Team, or HRT, it acts as the FBI lead for a national SWAT team in related procedures and all counter-terrorism cases. Also formed in 1984 was the Computer Analysis and Response Team, or CART.[42] From the end of the 1980s to the early 1990s, the FBI reassigned more than 300 agents from foreign counter-intelligence duties to violent crime, and made violent crime the sixth national priority. With reduced cuts to other well-established departments, and because terrorism was no longer considered a threat after the end of the Cold War,[42] the FBI assisted local and state police forces in tracking fugitives who had crossed state lines, which is a federal offense. The FBI Laboratory helped develop DNA testing, continuing its pioneering role in identification that began with its fingerprinting system in 1924. Notable efforts in the 1990s An FBI agent tags the cockpit voice recorder from EgyptAir Flight 990 on the deck of the USS Grapple (ARS 53) at the crash site on November 13, 1999. Between 1993 and 1996, the FBI increased its counter-terrorism role in the wake of the first 1993 World Trade Center bombing in New York City, New York; the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; and the arrest of the Unabomber in 1996. Technological innovation and the skills of FBI Laboratory analysts helped ensure that the three cases were successfully prosecuted.[43] But Justice Department investigations into the FBI's roles in the Ruby Ridge and Waco incidents were found to have been obstructed by agents within the Bureau. During the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, the FBI was criticized for its investigation of the Centennial Olympic Park bombing. It has settled a dispute with Richard Jewell, who was a private security guard at the venue, along with some media organizations,[44] in regard to the leaking of his name during the investigation; this had briefly led to his being wrongly suspected of the bombing. After Congress passed the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA, 1994), the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA, 1996), and the Economic Espionage Act (EEA, 1996), the FBI followed suit and underwent a technological upgrade in 1998, just as it did with its CART team in 1991. Computer Investigations and Infrastructure Threat Assessment Center (CITAC) and the National Infrastructure Protection Center (NIPC) were created to deal with the increase in Internet-related problems, such as computer viruses, worms, and other malicious programs that threatened US operations. With these developments, the FBI increased its electronic surveillance in public safety and national security investigations, adapting to the telecommunications advancements that changed the nature of such problems. September 11 attacks September 11 attacks at the Pentagon During the September 11, 2001, attacks on the World Trade Center, FBI agent Leonard W. Hatton Jr. was killed during the rescue effort while helping the rescue personnel evacuate the occupants of the South Tower, and he stayed when it collapsed. Within months after the attacks, FBI Director Robert Mueller, who had been sworn in a week before the attacks, called for a re-engineering of FBI structure and operations. He made countering every federal crime a top priority, including the prevention of terrorism, countering foreign intelligence operations, addressing cyber security threats, other high-tech crimes, protecting civil rights, combating public corruption, organized crime, white-collar crime, and major acts of violent crime.[45] In February 2001, Robert Hanssen was caught selling information to the Russian government. It was later learned that Hanssen, who had reached a high position within the FBI, had been selling intelligence since as early as 1979. He pleaded guilty to treason and received a life sentence in 2002, but the incident led many to question the security practices employed by the FBI. There was also a claim that Hanssen might have contributed information that led to the September 11, 2001 attacks.[46] The 9/11 Commission's final report on July 22, 2004, stated that the FBI and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) were both partially to blame for not pursuing intelligence reports that could have prevented the September 11, 2001, attacks. In its most damning assessment, the report concluded that the country had "not been well served" by either agency and listed numerous recommendations for changes within the FBI.[47] While the FBI did accede to most of the recommendations, including oversight by the new Director of National Intelligence, some former members of the 9/11 Commission publicly criticized the FBI in October 2005, claiming it was resisting any meaningful changes.[48] On July 8, 2007, The Washington Post published excerpts from UCLA Professor Amy Zegart's book Spying Blind: The CIA, the FBI, and the Origins of 9/11.[49] The Post reported, from Zegart's book, that government documents showed that both the CIA and the FBI had missed 23 potential chances to disrupt the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The primary reasons for the failures included: agency cultures resistant to change and new ideas; inappropriate incentives for promotion; and a lack of cooperation between the FBI, CIA and the rest of the United States Intelligence Community. The book blamed the FBI's decentralized structure, which prevented effective communication and cooperation among different FBI offices. The book suggested that the FBI had not evolved into an effective counter-terrorism or counter-intelligence agency, due in large part to deeply ingrained agency cultural resistance to change. For example, FBI personnel practices continued to treat all staff other than special agents as support staff, classifying intelligence analysts alongside the FBI's auto mechanics and janitors.[50] Faulty bullet analysis For over 40 years, the FBI crime lab in Quantico had believed that lead alloys used in bullets had unique chemical signatures. It was analyzing the bullets with the goal of matching them chemically, not only to a single batch of ammunition coming out of a factory, but also to a single box of bullets. The National Academy of Sciences conducted an 18-month independent review of comparative bullet-lead analysis. In 2003, its National Research Council published a report whose conclusions called into question 30 years of FBI testimony. It found the analytic model used by the FBI for interpreting results was deeply flawed, and the conclusion, that bullet fragments could be matched to a box of ammunition, was so overstated that it was misleading under the rules of evidence. One year later, the FBI decided to stop conducting bullet lead analyses.[51] After a 60 Minutes/Washington Post investigation in November 2007, two years later, the Bureau agreed to identify, review, and release all pertinent cases, and notify prosecutors about cases in which faulty testimony was given.[52]

Organization Organizational structure FBI field divisions map Organization chart for the FBI as of July 15, 2014 Redacted policy guide for the Counterterrorism Division (part of the FBI National Security Branch) The FBI is organized into functional branches and the Office of the Director, which contains most administrative offices. An executive assistant director manages each branch. Each branch is then divided into offices and divisions, each headed by an assistant director. The various divisions are further divided into sub-branches, led by deputy assistant directors. Within these sub-branches there are various sections headed by section chiefs. Section chiefs are ranked analogous to special agents in charge. Four of the branches report to the deputy director while two report to the associate director. The functions branches of the FBI are: FBI Intelligence Branch FBI National Security Branch FBI Criminal, Cyber, Response, and Services Branch FBI Science and Technology Branch FBI Information and Technology Branch FBI Human Resources Branch The Office of the Director serves as the central administrative organ of the FBI. The office provides staff support functions (such as finance and facilities management) to the five function branches and the various field divisions. The office is managed by the FBI associate director, who also oversees the operations of both the Information and Technology and Human Resources Branches. Office of the Director Immediate Office of the Director Office of the Deputy Director Office of the Associate Director Office of Congressional Affairs Office of Equal Employment Opportunity Affairs Office of the General Counsel Office of Integrity and Compliance Office of the Ombudsman Office of Professional Responsibility Office of Public Affairs Inspection Division Facilities and Logistics Services Division Finance Division Records Management Division Resource Planning Office Security Division An FBI agent at a crime scene Rank structure The following is a listing of the rank structure found within the FBI (in ascending order):[53] Field Agents New Agent Trainee Special Agent Senior Special Agent Supervisory Special Agent Assistant Special Agent-in-Charge (ASAC) Special Agent-in-Charge (SAC) James Comey speaks at the White House following his nomination by President Barack Obama to be the next director of the FBI, 21 June 2013 FBI Management Deputy Assistant Director Assistant Director Associate Executive Assistant Director Executive Assistant Director Associate Deputy Director Deputy Chief of Staff Chief of Staff and Special Counsel to the Director Deputy Director Director

Legal authority FBI badge and service pistol, a Glock Model 22, .40 S&W caliber The FBI's mandate is established in Title 28 of the United States Code (U.S. Code), Section 533, which authorizes the Attorney General to "appoint officials to detect and prosecute crimes against the United States."[54] Other federal statutes give the FBI the authority and responsibility to investigate specific crimes. The FBI's chief tool against organized crime is the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act. The FBI is also charged with the responsibility of enforcing compliance of the United States Civil Rights Act of 1964 and investigating violations of the act in addition to prosecuting such violations with the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). The FBI also shares concurrent jurisdiction with the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in the enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970. The USA PATRIOT Act increased the powers allotted to the FBI, especially in wiretapping and monitoring of Internet activity. One of the most controversial provisions of the act is the so-called sneak and peek provision, granting the FBI powers to search a house while the residents are away, and not requiring them to notify the residents for several weeks afterwards. Under the PATRIOT Act's provisions, the FBI also resumed inquiring into the library records[55] of those who are suspected of terrorism (something it had supposedly not done since the 1970s). In the early 1980s, Senate hearings were held to examine FBI undercover operations in the wake of the Abscam controversy, which had allegations of entrapment of elected officials. As a result, in following years a number of guidelines were issued to constrain FBI activities. A March 2007 report by the inspector general of the Justice Department described the FBI's "widespread and serious misuse" of national security letters, a form of administrative subpoena used to demand records and data pertaining to individuals. The report said that between 2003 and 2005, the FBI had issued more than 140,000 national security letters, many involving people with no obvious connections to terrorism.[56] Information obtained through an FBI investigation is presented to the appropriate U.S. Attorney or Department of Justice official, who decides if prosecution or other action is warranted. The FBI often works in conjunction with other federal agencies, including the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) in seaport and airport security,[57] and the National Transportation Safety Board in investigating airplane crashes and other critical incidents. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Homeland Security Investigations (ICE-HSI) has nearly the same amount of investigative manpower as the FBI, and investigates the largest range of crimes. In the wake of the September 11 attacks, then-Attorney General Ashcroft assigned the FBI as the designated lead organization in terrorism investigations after the creation of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. ICE-HSI and the FBI are both integral members of the Joint Terrorism Task Force. Indian reservations FBI Director visits the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation in North Dakota The federal government has the primary responsibility for investigating[58] and prosecuting serious crime on Indian reservations.[59] There are 565 federally recognized American Indian Tribes in the United States, and the FBI has federal law enforcement responsibility on nearly 200 Indian reservations. This federal jurisdiction is shared concurrently with the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Office of Justice Services (BIA-OJS). Located within the FBI's Criminal Investigative Division, the Indian Country Crimes Unit (ICCU) is responsible for developing and implementing strategies, programs, and policies to address identified crime problems in Indian Country (IC) for which the FBI has responsibility. — Overview, Indian Country Crime[60] The FBI does not specifically list crimes in Native American land as one of its priorities.[61] Often serious crimes have been either poorly investigated or prosecution has been declined. Tribal courts can impose sentences of up to three years, under certain restrictions.[62][63]

Infrastructure J. Edgar Hoover Building, FBI Headquarters FBI Mobile Command Center, Washington Field Office The FBI is headquartered at the J. Edgar Hoover Building in Washington, D.C., with 56 field offices[64] in major cities across the United States. The FBI also maintains over 400 resident agencies across the United States, as well as over 50 legal attachés at United States embassies and consulates. Many specialized FBI functions are located at facilities in Quantico, Virginia, as well as a "data campus" in Clarksburg, West Virginia, where 96 million sets of fingerprints "from across the United States are stored, along with others collected by American authorities from prisoners in Saudi Arabia and Yemen, Iraq and Afghanistan."[65] The FBI is in process of moving its Records Management Division, which processes Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests, to Winchester, Virginia.[66] According to The Washington Post, the FBI "is building a vast repository controlled by people who work in a top-secret vault on the fourth floor of the J. Edgar Hoover Building in Washington. This one stores the profiles of tens of thousands of Americans and legal residents who are not accused of any crime. What they have done is appear to be acting suspiciously to a town sheriff, a traffic cop or even a neighbor."[65] The FBI Laboratory, established with the formation of the BOI,[67] did not appear in the J. Edgar Hoover Building until its completion in 1974. The lab serves as the primary lab for most DNA, biological, and physical work. Public tours of FBI headquarters ran through the FBI laboratory workspace before the move to the J. Edgar Hoover Building. The services the lab conducts include Chemistry, Combined DNA Index System (CODIS), Computer Analysis and Response, DNA Analysis, Evidence Response, Explosives, Firearms and Tool marks, Forensic Audio, Forensic Video, Image Analysis, Forensic Science Research, Forensic Science Training, Hazardous Materials Response, Investigative and Prospective Graphics, Latent Prints, Materials Analysis, Questioned Documents, Racketeering Records, Special Photographic Analysis, Structural Design, and Trace Evidence.[68] The services of the FBI Laboratory are used by many state, local, and international agencies free of charge. The lab also maintains a second lab at the FBI Academy. The FBI Academy, located in Quantico, Virginia, is home to the communications and computer laboratory the FBI utilizes. It is also where new agents are sent for training to become FBI Special Agents. Going through the 21-week course is required for every Special Agent.[69] First opened for use in 1972, the facility located on 385 acres (1.6 km2) of woodland. The Academy trains state and local law enforcement agencies, which are invited to the law enforcement training center. The FBI units that reside at Quantico are the Field and Police Training Unit, Firearms Training Unit, Forensic Science Research and Training Center, Technology Services Unit (TSU), Investigative Training Unit, Law Enforcement Communication Unit, Leadership and Management Science Units (LSMU), Physical Training Unit, New Agents' Training Unit (NATU), Practical Applications Unit (PAU), the Investigative Computer Training Unit and the "College of Analytical Studies." The FBI Academy, located in Quantico, Virginia In 2000, the FBI began the Trilogy project to upgrade its outdated information technology (IT) infrastructure. This project, originally scheduled to take three years and cost around $380 million, ended up over budget and behind schedule.[70] Efforts to deploy modern computers and networking equipment were generally successful, but attempts to develop new investigation software, outsourced to Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), were not. Virtual Case File, or VCF, as the software was known, was plagued by poorly defined goals, and repeated changes in management.[71] In January 2005, more than two years after the software was originally planned for completion, the FBI officially abandoned the project. At least $100 million (and much more by some estimates) was spent on the project, which never became operational. The FBI has been forced to continue using its decade-old Automated Case Support system, which IT experts consider woefully inadequate. In March 2005, the FBI announced it was beginning a new, more ambitious software project, code-named Sentinel, which they expected to complete by 2009.[72] The FBI Field Office in Chelsea, Massachusetts. Carnivore was an electronic eavesdropping software system implemented by the FBI during the Clinton administration; it was designed to monitor email and electronic communications. After prolonged negative coverage in the press, the FBI changed the name of its system from "Carnivore" to "DCS1000." DCS is reported to stand for "Digital Collection System"; the system has the same functions as before. The Associated Press reported in mid-January 2005 that the FBI essentially abandoned the use of Carnivore in 2001, in favor of commercially available software, such as NarusInsight. The Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division[73] is located in Clarksburg, West Virginia. Organized beginning in 1991, the office opened in 1995 as the youngest agency division. The complex is the length of three football fields. It provides a main repository for information in various data systems. Under the roof of the CJIS are the programs for the National Crime Information Center (NCIC), Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR), Fingerprint Identification, Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS), NCIC 2000, and the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). Many state and local agencies use these data systems as a source for their own investigations and contribute to the database using secure communications. FBI provides these tools of sophisticated identification and information services to local, state, federal, and international law enforcement agencies. FBI is in charge of National Virtual Translation Center, which provides "timely and accurate translations of foreign intelligence for all elements of the Intelligence Community."[74]

Personnel An FBI Evidence Response Team Agents in training on the FBI Academy firing range As of December 31, 2009, the FBI had a total of 33,852 employees. That includes 13,412 special agents and 20,420 support professionals, such as intelligence analysts, language specialists, scientists, information technology specialists, and other professionals.[75] The Officer Down Memorial Page provides the biographies of 69 FBI agents who have died in the line of duty from 1925 to July 2017.[76] Hiring process To apply to become an FBI agent, one must be between the ages of 23 and 37. Due to the decision in Robert P. Isabella v. Department of State and Office of Personnel Management, 2008 M.S.P.B. 146, preference-eligible veterans may apply after age 37. In 2009, the Office of Personnel Management issued implementation guidance on the Isabella decision.[77] The applicant must also hold U.S. citizenship, be of high moral character, have a clean record, and hold at least a four-year bachelor's degree. At least three years of professional work experience prior to application is also required. All FBI employees require a Top Secret (TS) security clearance, and in many instances, employees need a TS/SCI (Top Secret/Sensitive Compartmented Information) clearance.[78] To obtain a security clearance, all potential FBI personnel must pass a series of Single Scope Background Investigations (SSBI), which are conducted by the Office of Personnel Management.[79] Special agent candidates also have to pass a Physical Fitness Test (PFT), which includes a 300-meter run, one-minute sit-ups, maximum push-ups, and a 1.5-mile (2.4 km) run. Personnel must pass a polygraph test with questions including possible drug use.[80] Applicants who fail polygraphs may not gain employment with the FBI.[81] Up until 1975, the FBI had a minimum height requirement of 5 feet 7 inches (170 cm).[82] BOI and FBI directors Main article: Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI Directors are appointed (nominated) by the President of the United States and must be confirmed by the United States Senate to serve a term of office of ten years, subject to resignation or removal by the President at his/her discretion before their term ends. Additional terms are allowed following the same procedure J. Edgar Hoover, appointed by President Calvin Coolidge in 1924, was by far the longest-serving director, serving until his death in 1972. In 1968, Congress passed legislation, as part of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, requiring Senate confirmation of appointments of future Directors.[83] As the incumbent, this legislation did not apply to Hoover. The last FBI Director was James B. Comey, who was appointed in 2013 by President Barack Obama. In 2017 he was fired by President Donald J. Trump.[84] The FBI director is responsible for the day-to-day operations at the FBI. Along with the Deputy Director, the director makes sure cases and operations are handled correctly. The director also is in charge of making sure the leadership in any one of the FBI field offices is manned with qualified agents. Before the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act was passed in the wake of the September 11 attacks, the FBI director would directly brief the President of the United States on any issues that arise from within the FBI. Since then, the director now reports to the Director of National Intelligence (DNI), who in turn reports to the President.

Firearms A Glock 22 pistol in .40 S&W caliber Upon qualification, an FBI special agent is issued a full-size Glock 22 or compact Glock 23 semi-automatic pistol, both of which are chambered in the .40 S&W cartridge. In May 1997, the FBI officially adopted the Glock, in .40 S&W, for general agent use, and first issued it to New Agent Class 98-1 in October 1997. At present, the Glock 23 "FG&R" (finger groove and rail; either 3rd generation or "Gen4") is the issue sidearm.[85] New agents are issued firearms, on which they must qualify, on successful completion of their training at the FBI Academy. The Glock 26 (subcompact 9mm Parabellum), Glock 23 and Glock 27 (.40 S&W compact and subcompact, respectively) are authorized as secondary weapons. Special agents are also authorized to purchase and qualify with the Glock 21 in .45 ACP.[86] Special agents of the FBI Hostage Rescue Team (HRT) and regional SWAT teams are issued the Springfield Armory Professional Model 1911 pistol in .45 ACP.[87][88][89] In June 2016, the FBI awarded Glock a contract for new handguns. Unlike the currently issued .40 S&W chambered Glock pistols, the new Glocks will be chambered for 9mm Parabellum. The contract is for the full-size Glock 17M and the compact Glock 19M. The "M" means the Glocks have been modified to meet government standards specified by a 2015 government request for proposal.[90][91][92][93]

Publications The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin is published monthly by the FBI Law Enforcement Communication Unit,[94] with articles of interest to state and local law enforcement personnel. First published in 1932 as Fugitives Wanted by Police,[95] the FBI Law Bulletin covers topics including law enforcement technology and issues, such as crime mapping and use of force, as well as recent criminal justice research, and Vi-CAP alerts, on wanted suspects and key cases. The FBI also publishes some reports for both law enforcement personnel as well as regular citizens covering topics including law enforcement, terrorism, cybercrime, white-collar crime, violent crime, and statistics.[96] However, the vast majority of federal government publications covering these topics are published by the Office of Justice Programs agencies of the United States Department of Justice, and disseminated through the National Criminal Justice Reference Service. Crime statistics In the 1920s, the FBI began issuing crime reports by gathering numbers from local police departments.[97] Due to limitations of this system found during the 1960s and 1970s—victims often simply did not report crimes to the police in the first place—the Department of Justice developed an alternate method of tallying crime, the victimization survey.[97] Uniform Crime Reports Main article: Uniform Crime Reports The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) compile data from over 17,000 law enforcement agencies across the country. They provide detailed data regarding the volume of crimes to include arrest, clearance (or closing a case), and law enforcement officer information. The UCR focuses its data collection on violent crimes, hate crimes, and property crimes.[96] Created in the 1920s, the UCR system has not proven to be as uniform as its name implies. The UCR data only reflect the most serious offense in the case of connected crimes and has a very restrictive definition of rape. Since about 93% of the data submitted to the FBI is in this format, the UCR stands out as the publication of choice as most states require law enforcement agencies to submit this data. Preliminary Annual Uniform Crime Report for 2006 was released on June 4, 2006. The report shows violent crime offenses rose 1.3%, but the number of property crime offenses decreased 2.9% compared to 2005.[98] National Incident-Based Reporting System Main article: National Incident-Based Reporting System The National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) crime statistics system aims to address limitations inherent in UCR data. The system is used by law enforcement agencies in the United States for collecting and reporting data on crimes. Local, state, and federal agencies generate NIBRS data from their records management systems. Data is collected on every incident and arrest in the Group A offense category. The Group A offenses are 46 specific crimes grouped in 22 offense categories. Specific facts about these offenses are gathered and reported in the NIBRS system. In addition to the Group A offenses, eleven Group B offenses are reported with only the arrest information. The NIBRS system is in greater detail than the summary-based UCR system. As of 2004, 5,271 law enforcement agencies submitted NIBRS data. That amount represents 20% of the United States population and 16% of the crime statistics data collected by the FBI.

eGuardian eGuardian is the name of an FBI system, launched in January 2009, to share tips about possible terror threats with local police agencies. The program aims to get law enforcement at all levels sharing data quickly about suspicious activity and people.[99] eGuardian enables near real-time sharing and tracking of terror information and suspicious activities with local, state, tribal, and federal agencies. The eGuardian system is a spin-off of a similar but classified tool called Guardian that has been used inside the FBI, and shared with vetted partners since 2005.[100]

Controversies Throughout its history, the bureau has been the subject of a number of controversial cases, both at home and abroad. Files on U.S. citizens The FBI has maintained files on numerous people, including celebrities such as Elvis Presley, Frank Sinatra, John Denver, John Lennon, Jane Fonda, Groucho Marx, Charlie Chaplin, the band MC5, Lou Costello, Sonny Bono, Bob Dylan, Michael Jackson, and Mickey Mantle. The files were collected for various reasons. Some of the subjects were investigated for alleged ties to the Communist party (Charlie Chaplin and Groucho Marx), or in connection with antiwar activities during the Vietnam War (John Denver, John Lennon, and Jane Fonda). Numerous celebrity files concern threats or extortion attempts against them (Sonny Bono, John Denver, John Lennon, Elvis Presley, Michael Jackson, Mickey Mantle, Groucho Marx, and Frank Sinatra).[101] Covert operations on political groups Image from the FBI monograph of the Nation of Islam (1965): Elijah Muhammad COINTELPRO tactics have been alleged to include discrediting targets through psychological warfare; smearing individuals and groups using forged documents and by planting false reports in the media; harassment; wrongful imprisonment; and illegal violence.[102][103] The FBI's stated motivation was "protecting national security, preventing violence, and maintaining the existing social and political order."[104] FBI records show that 85% of COINTELPRO resources targeted groups and individuals that the FBI deemed "subversive",[105] including communist and socialist organizations; organizations and individuals associated with the civil rights movement, including Martin Luther King Jr. and others associated with the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and the Congress of Racial Equality and other civil rights organizations; black nationalist groups (e.g., Nation of Islam and the Black Panther Party); the American Indian Movement; a broad range of organizations labeled "New Left", including Students for a Democratic Society and the Weathermen; almost all groups protesting the Vietnam War, as well as individual student demonstrators with no group affiliation; the National Lawyers Guild; organizations and individuals associated with the women's rights movement; nationalist groups such as those seeking independence for Puerto Rico, United Ireland, and Cuban exile movements including Orlando Bosch's Cuban Power and the Cuban Nationalist Movement. The remaining 15% of COINTELPRO resources were expended to marginalize and subvert white hate groups, including the Ku Klux Klan and the National States' Rights Party.[106][107][108][109][110][111][112][113][114][115][116] Files on Puerto Rican independence advocates The FBI also spied upon and collected information on Puerto Rican independence leader Pedro Albizu Campos and his Nationalist political party in the 1930s. Abizu Campos was convicted three times in connection with deadly attacks on US government officials: in 1937 (Conspiracy to overthrow the government of the United States), in 1950 (attempted murder), and in 1954 (after an armed assault on the US House of Representatives while in session; although not present, Abizu Campos was considered the mastermind).[117] The FBI operation was covert and did not become known until U.S. Congressman Luis Gutierrez had it made public via the Freedom of Information Act in the 1980s.[118] In the 2000s, researchers obtained files released by the FBI under the Freedom of Information Act revealing that the San Juan FBI office had coordinated with FBI offices in New York, Chicago and other cities, in a decades-long surveillance of Albizu Campos and Puerto Ricans who had contact or communication with him. The documents available are as recent as 1965.[119][120] Activities in Latin America From the 1950s to the 1980s, the governments of many Latin American and Caribbean countries, including Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Mexico and others were infiltrated by the FBI.[121] These operations began in World War II as 700 agents were assigned to monitor Nazi activity, but soon expanded to monitoring communist activity in places like Ecuador.[122] Internal investigations of shootings During the period from 1993 to 2011, FBI agents fired their weapons on 289 occasions; FBI internal reviews found the shots justified in all but 5 cases, in none of the 5 cases were people wounded. Samuel Walker, a professor of criminal justice at the University of Nebraska Omaha said the number of shots found to be unjustified was "suspiciously low." In the same time period, the FBI wounded 150 people, 70 of whom died; the FBI found all 150 shootings to be justified. Likewise, during the period from 2011 to the present, all shootings by FBI agents have been found to be justified by internal investigation. In a 2002 case in Maryland, an innocent man was shot, and later paid $1.3 million by the FBI after agents mistook him for a bank robber; the internal investigation found that the shooting was justified, based on the man's actions.[123] The Whitey Bulger case The FBI has been criticized for its handling of Boston organized crime figure Whitey Bulger.[124][125][126] Beginning in 1975, Bulger served as an informant for the FBI.[127] As a result, the Bureau largely ignored his organization in exchange for information about the inner workings of the Italian American Patriarca crime family.[128][129][130] In December 1994, after being tipped off by his former FBI handler about a pending indictment under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, Bulger fled Boston and went into hiding. For 16 years, he remained at large. For 12 of those years, Bulger was prominently listed on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list.[131] Beginning in 1997, the New England media exposed criminal actions by federal, state, and local law enforcement officials tied to Bulger. The revelation caused great embarrassment to the FBI.[132][133][134] In 2002, Special Agent John J Connolly was convicted of federal racketeering charges for helping Bulger avoid arrest. In 2008, Special Agent Connolly completed his term on the federal charges and was transferred to Florida where he was convicted of helping plan the murder of John B Callahan, a Bulger rival. In 2014, that conviction was overturned on a technicality. Connolly was the agent leading the investigation of Bulger.[135] In June 2011, the 81-year-old Bulger was arrested in Santa Monica, California.[136][137][138][139][140] Bulger was tried on 32 counts of racketeering, money laundering, extortion, and weapons charges; including complicity in 19 murders.[141] In August 2013, the jury found him guilty on 31 counts, and having been involved in 11 murders.[142] Bulger was sentenced to two consecutive life terms plus five years.[143] Robert Hanssen On 20 February 2001, the bureau announced that a special agent, Robert Hanssen (born 1944) had been arrested for spying for the Soviet Union and then Russia from 1979 to 2001. He is serving 15 consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole at ADX Florence, a federal supermax prison near Florence, Colorado. Hanssen was arrested on February 18, 2001, at Foxstone Park[144] near his home in Vienna, Virginia, and was charged with selling US secrets to the USSR and subsequently Russia for more than US$1.4 million in cash and diamonds over a 22-year period.[145] On July 6, 2001, he pleaded guilty to 15 counts of espionage in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia.[146][147] His spying activities have been described by the US Department of Justice's Commission for the Review of FBI Security Programs as "possibly the worst intelligence disaster in U.S. history".[148] Death of Filiberto Ojeda Rios Puerto Rican Nationalist leader Filiberto Ojeda Ríos died in a gun battle with FBI agents in 2005. In 2005, fugitive Puerto Rican Nationalist leader Filiberto Ojeda Ríos died in a gun battle with FBI agents that some charged was an assassination.[citation needed] Puerto Rico Governor Aníbal Acevedo Vilá criticized the FBI assault as "improper" and "highly irregular" and demanded to know why his government was not informed of it.[149] The FBI refused to release information beyond the official press release, citing security and agent privacy issues. The Puerto Rico Justice Department filed suit in federal court against the FBI and the US Attorney General, demanding information crucial to the Commonwealth's own investigation of the incident. The case was dismissed by the U.S Supreme Court.[150] Ojeda Rios' funeral was attended by a long list of dignitaries, including the highest authority of the Roman Catholic Church in Puerto Rico, Archbishop Roberto Octavio González Nieves, ex-Governor Rafael Hernández Colón, and numerous other personalities.[151] In the aftermath of his death, the United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization approved a draft resolution urging a "probe of [the] pro-independence killing, human rights abuses", after "Petitioner after petitioner condemned the assassination of Mr. Ojeda Rios by agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)".[152] Associated Press impersonation case In 2007, an agent working in Seattle, Washington for the FBI falsely impersonated an Associated Press (AP) journalist and unwittingly infected a 15-year-old suspect's computer with a malicious surveillance software.[153][154] The incident sparked a strongly-worded statement from the AP demanding the bureau from ever impersonating a member of the news media again.[155] Moreover, in September 2016 the incident resulted in a condemnation by the Justice Department.[156] In December 2017, following a US court appearance, a judge ruled in favor of the AP in a lawsuit against the FBI for frauduently impersonating a member of the news media.[157][158] Wikipedia edits In August 2007 Virgil Griffith, a Caltech computation and neural-systems graduate student, created WikiScanner, a searchable database that linked changes made by anonymous Wikipedia editors to companies and organizations from which the changes were made. The database cross-referenced logs of Wikipedia edits with publicly available records pertaining to the Internet IP addresses edits were made from.[159] Griffith was motivated by the edits from the United States Congress,[160][161][162][163] and wanted to see if others were similarly promoting themselves. The tool was designed to detect conflict of interest edits.[164] Among his findings were that FBI computers were used to edit the FBI article on Wikipedia.[165] Although the edits correlated with known FBI IP addresses, there was no proof that the changes actually came from a member or employee of the FBI, only that someone who had access to their network had edited the FBI article on Wikipedia.[161] Wikipedia spokespersons received Griffith's "WikiScanner" positively, noting that it helped prevent conflicts of interest from influencing articles[165] as well as increasing transparency[161][166] and mitigating attempts to remove or distort relevant facts.[167] Hillary Clinton email investigation Main article: Hillary Clinton email controversy On July 5, 2016, FBI Director Comey announced the bureau's recommendation that the United States Department of Justice file no criminal charges relating to the Hillary Clinton email controversy.[168] During an unusual 15 minute press conference in the J. Edgar Hoover Building, Comey called Secretary Clinton's and her top aides' behavior "extremely careless", but concluded that "no reasonable prosecutor would bring such a case".[168] On October 28, 2016, less than two weeks before the presidential election, Director Comey, a long-time Republican, announced in a letter to Congress that additional emails potentially related to the Clinton email controversy had been found and that the FBI will investigate "to determine whether they contain classified information as well as to assess their importance to our investigation."[169] At the time Comey sent his letter to Congress, the FBI had still not obtained a warrant to review any of the e-mails in question and was not aware of the content of any of the e-mails in question.[170] After Comey's letter to Congress, commentator Paul Callan of CNN and Niall O'Dowd of Irish Central compared Comey to J. Edgar Hoover in attempting to influence and manipulate elections. On November 6, 2016, in the face of constant pressure from both Republicans and Democrats, Comey conceded in a second letter to Congress that through the FBI's review of the new e-mails, there was no wrongdoing by Clinton. On November 12, 2016, unsuccessful presidential candidate Hillary Clinton directly attributed her election loss to FBI Director James Comey.[171] 2017 dismissal of Director Comey Main article: Dismissal of James Comey On May 9, 2017, President Trump dismissed FBI Director Comey after Comey had misstated several key findings of the email investigation in his testimony to the Senate Judiciary Committee.[172] Some[who?] question whether the dismissal was in response to Comey's request for more resources to expand the probe into Russian interference into the Presidential election.[173] Following Comey's dismissal, Deputy Director Andrew G. McCabe became Acting Director.[174] On August 1, 2017, President Trump's nominee for FBI director Christopher A. Wray was officially confirmed by the Senate in a 92–5 vote and was sworn in as Director the next day.[175] The Nunes memo Main article: Nunes memo On February 2, 2018, a four-page confidential memo by Republican House Intelligence Committee chairman Devin Nunes, was released after being signed by President Trump. According to the memo, a dossier by Christopher Steele and opposition research firm Fusion GPS, was utilized by DOJ and FBI officials for FISA warrants to surveil Trump's campaign member Carter Page. Additionally, former FBI Deputy Director Andrew McCabe, who resigned before the release of the memo, stated that the FISA warrant wouldn't have been obtained without the information in the Steele dossier. All four FISA applications were signed by McCabe, Rod Rosenstein, and former FBI Director James Comey.[176] President Trump commented on the release of the memo, saying: "A lot of people should be ashamed."[177] Florida school shooting Main article: Stoneman Douglas High School shooting On February 16, 2018, two days after the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting, the FBI released a statement detailing information the organization's Public Access Line had received a month prior, on January 5, from a person close to Nikolas Cruz, the suspected shooter. According to the statement, "The caller provided information about Cruz's gun ownership, desire to kill people, erratic behavior, and disturbing social media posts, as well as the potential of him conducting a school shooting." After conducting an investigation, the FBI reported that it had not followed protocol when the tip was not forwarded to the Miami Field Office, where further investigative steps would have been taken.[178]

Media portrayal Main article: FBI portrayal in media The popular 1993–2002 TV series The X-Files depicted the fictional FBI Special Agents Dana Scully (Gillian Anderson) and Fox Mulder (David Duchovny) who investigated paranormal phenomena. The FBI has been frequently depicted in popular media since the 1930s. The bureau has participated to varying degrees, which has ranged from direct involvement in the creative process of film or TV series development, to providing consultation on operations and closed cases.[179] A few of the notable portrayals of the FBI on television are the 1993–2002 series The X-Files, which concerned investigations into paranormal phenomena by five fictional Special Agents, and the fictional Counter Terrorist Unit (CTU) agency in the TV drama 24, which is patterned after the FBI Counterterrorism Division. The 1991 movie Point Break is based on the true story of an undercover FBI agent who infiltrated a gang of bank robbers. The 1997 movie Donnie Brasco is based on the true story of undercover FBI agent Joseph D. Pistone infiltrating the Mafia. The 2015 TV series Quantico, titled after the location of the Bureau's training facility, deals with Probationary and Special Agents, not all of whom, within the show's format, may be fully reliable or even trustworthy.

Notable FBI personnel Edwin Atherton Ed Bethune Alaska P. Davidson Sibel Edmonds James R. Fitzgerald W. Mark Felt J. Edgar Hoover Robert Hanssen Lon Horiuchi Richard Miller Robert Mueller Eric O'Neill John P. O'Neill Joseph D. Pistone Melvin Purvis Coleen Rowley Ali Soufan Sue Thomas Clyde Tolson Loy F. Weaver Frederic Whitehurst

See also Government of the United States portal Law enforcement/Law enforcement topics portal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) Diplomatic Security Service (DSS) Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) FBI Honorary Medals FBI Victims Identification Project Federal law enforcement in the United States Inspector Law enforcement in the United States Society of Former Special Agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation State bureau of investigation U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE/HSI) United States Marshals Service (USMS) United States Secret Service (USSS)

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Archived from the original on 2009-08-15.  ^ a b Priest, Dana and Arkin, William (December 2010) Monitoring America Archived December 22, 2010, at the Wayback Machine., Washington Post ^ Reid, Sarah A. (2006-07-26). "One of the biggest things the FBI has ever done". The Winchester Star. Archived from the original on 2007-02-23.  ^ "FBI Laboratory History". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Archived from the original on 2015-01-03.  ^ "FBI Laboratory Services". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Archived from the original on 2007-10-16.  ^ "Special Agent Career Path Program". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Archived from the original on 2007-07-02.  ^ Sherman, Mark. "Lawmakers criticize FBI director's expensive project". Newszine. Archived from the original on 2006-08-30. Retrieved 2006-06-06.  ^ Gerin, Roseanne (2005-01-14). "SAIC rejects Trilogy criticism". Washington Technology. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved 2006-06-06.  ^ Arnone, Michael (2005-06-25). 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"FBI turns away many applicants who fail lie-detector tests." The McClatchy Company. May 20, 2013. Retrieved on July 25, 2013. ^ "FBI to Allow Agents to Be Short" (PDF). San Francisco Chronicle/Associated Press. 1975-06-25.  ^ Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act Pub.L. 90–351, June 19, 1968, 82 Stat. 197, sec.1101 ^ Trump fires FBI director Comey, raising questions over Russia investigation | US news. The Guardian. Retrieved on 2017-05-26. ^ Vanderpool, Bill (August 22, 2011). "A History of FBI Handguns". American Rifleman. National Rifle Association.  ^ Vanderpool, Bill (August 22, 2011). "A History of FBI Handguns". American Rifleman. National Rifle Association. The only personally owned handguns now on the approved list are the Glock 21 (full-size .45 ACP), the Glock 26 (sub-compact 9 mm) and the 27 (sub-compact .40 S&W).  ^ Vanderpool, Bill (August 22, 2011). "A History of FBI Handguns". American Rifleman. National Rifle Association. Also in the ’80s, HRT adopted the Browning Hi-Power. The first Hi-Powers were customized by Wayne Novak and later ones by the FBI gunsmiths at Quantico. They were popular with the “super SWAT” guys, and several hesitated to give them up when they were replaced by .45 ACP single-action pistols, the first ones built by Les Baer, which used high-capacity Para Ordnance frames. Later, Springfield Armory’s “Bureau Model” replaced the Baer guns. Field SWAT teams were also issued .45s, and most still use them.  ^ "OPERATOR®, TACTICAL GRAY CONFIGURATION ADDS NEW COLOR AND ADJUSTABLE COMBAT SIGHTS". Springfield Armory. 19 January 2017. Originally developed as a consumer-friendly option for the FBI contract Professional Model 1911, the TRP™ family provides high-end custom shop features in a production class pistol.  ^ "RO® ELITE SERIES". Springfield Armory. Every new RO Elite series pistol is clad in the same Black-T® treatment specified on Springfield Armory 1911s built for the FBI’s regional SWAT and Hostage Rescue Teams.  ^ Smith, Aaron (30 June 2016). "Glock wins $85 million FBI contract". CNN.  ^ "F.B.I. Awards Glock New Duty Pistol Contract!". Blue Sheepdog. 30 June 2016.  ^ Terrill, Daniel (30 June 2016). "FBI goes back to 9mm with Glock".  ^ "FBI Chooses 9mm Glocks for New Service Pistols". Outdoor Hub.  ^ "Law Enforcement Communication Unit". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Archived from the original on 2009-04-17.  ^ "History of the FBI, The New Deal: 1933 – Late 1930s". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Archived from the original on 2015-01-06.  ^ a b "Federal Bureau of Investigation – Reports & Publications". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Archived from the original on 2016-03-26.  ^ a b Frum, David (2000). How We Got Here: The '70s. New York, New York: Basic Books. p. 12. ISBN 0-465-04195-7.  ^ "Preliminary Crime Statistics for 2006". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Archived from the original on 2010-04-11.  ^ "FBI Launches Tip-Sharing For Inauguration". CBS News. 2009-01-13. Retrieved 2009-01-13.  ^ "eGuardian – FBI Shares Threat Info With Local Police Agencies". National Terror Alert Response Center. 2009-01-13. Retrieved 2009-01-13.  ^ "Reading Room Index". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved 2012-02-22.  ^ The FBI'S Covert Action Program to Destroy the Black Panther Party Archived January 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ FBI Secrets: An Agent's Expose. M. Wesley Swearingen. Boston. South End Press. 1995. Special Agent Gregg York: "We expected about twenty Panthers to be in the apartment when the police raided the place. Only two of those black nigger fuckers were killed, Fred Hampton and Mark Clark." ^ "Final Report, S. Rep. No. 94-755 (1976), Final Report of the Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations With Respect to Intelligence Activities, Book III, Supplementary Detailed Staff Reports on Intelligence Activities and the Rights of Americans".  ^ Jeffreys-Jones, Rhodri. THE FBI, Yale University Press, 2008, p. 189 ^ "Final Report, 2A". ICDC. Archived from the original on October 19, 2006. Retrieved October 25, 2006.  ^ "Final Report,2Cb". ICDC.  ^ "Final Report, 3A". ICDC.  ^ "Final Report, 3G". ICDC.  ^ "CPUSA". ICDC.  ^ "SWP". ICDC.  ^ "Black Nationalist". ICDC.  ^ "White Hate". ICDC.  ^ "New Left". ICDC.  ^ "Puerto Rico". ICDC.  ^ "Archived copy". 2006. Archived from the original on October 19, 2006. Retrieved October 25, 2006.  ^ American National Biography, Pedro Abizu Campos, accessed 19 Apr. 2015. ^ FBI Files on Puerto Ricans. The New York Times. Retrieved 13 December 2013. ^ "FBI Files on Pedro Albizu Campos". Archived from the original on 6 August 2014.  ^ "FBI Files on Surveillance of Puerto Ricans in general". Archived from the original on 6 August 2014.  ^ Che Guevara and the FBI: U.S. Political Police Dossier on the Latin American Revolutionary. Michael Ratner. 1997. Retrieved 13 December 2103. ^ ^ "The F.B.I. Deemed Agents Faultless in 150 Shootings," by Charlie Savage and Michael Schmidt, 18 June 2013, New York Times. ^ The Feds Let 'Whitey' Get Away With Murder: FBI agents and other officials protected James "Whitey" Bulger as he roamed free for decades. Is there a statute of limitations on corrupting the system? Mike Barnicle. TIME. 12 August 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013. ^ Nagorney, Adam; Lovett, Ian (June 23, 2011). "Whitey Bulger Is Arrested in California". The New York Times.  ^ Zezima, Katie (June 23, 2011). "In South Boston, Mixed Memories of Whitey Bulger". The New York Times.  ^ "". February 13, 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-02.  ^ "FBI helped Bulger evade detection, ex-cop says". CBS News. Retrieved 2011-06-27.  ^ "Whitey Bulger arrest may revive old scandals". CBS News. Retrieved 2011-06-27.  ^ "FBI corruption and Whitey Bulger". June 23, 2011. Archived from the original on September 19, 2012. Retrieved 2011-06-27.  ^ "James J. Bulger". September 3, 1929. Retrieved 2011-06-27.  ^ Rudolf, John (June 24, 2011). "Nabbed Gangster 'Whitey' Bulger Could Spill FBI Corruption Secrets". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 2016-01-19.  ^ Sonmez, Felicia (June 25, 2011). "James 'Whitey' Bulger's capture could cause trouble inside the FBI". The Washington Post.  ^ "Capture Of Boston Gangster Could Mean More Scandal"[dead link] NPR. ^ Florida Court Overturns Murder Conviction of FBI Agent, by Timothy Williams, 29 May 2014, New York Times ^ "Famed crime boss James 'Whitey' Bulger arrested in Santa Monica". Los Angeles Times. June 22, 2011.  ^ "Whitey Bulger Is Arrested in California". The New York Times. 23 June 2011.  ^ Johnson, Kevin (June 23, 2011). "Mobster Whitey Bulger arrested in California". USA Today. Retrieved 2011-06-27.  ^ "One of America's Top Fugitives James "Whitey" Bulger: Caught in Santa Monica" International Business Times ^ "Mass. Mobster Bulger Reportedly Taken to Hospital". AP. November 5, 2012. Archived from the original on 14 December 2013.  ^ Shelley Murphy; Milton J. Valencia; Brian Ballou; John R. Ellement; Martin Finucane (June 12, 2013). "'Whitey' Bulger defense claims he was no informant, questions credibility of prosecution witnesses". The Boston Globe. Retrieved August 12, 2013.  ^ Shelley Murphy; Milton J. Valencia; Martin Finucane (August 12, 2013). "Whitey Bulger, notorious Boston gangster, convicted in sweeping racketeering case; jury finds he participated in 11 murders". The Boston Globe. Retrieved August 12, 2013.  ^ "Topic Galleries". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 2013-11-17.  ^ Adrian Havill, His fate is sealed Archived 2007-09-07 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved September 10, 2007 ^ Wise 2003, p. 8 ^ Transcript of Hanssen Guilty Plea, July 6, 2001. Retrieved February 22, 2007. ^ United States Department of Justice Thompson Statement Regarding Hanssen Guilty Plea July 6, 2001. Retrieved February 22, 2007. ^ "A Review of FBI Security Programs (Webster Report) (March 2002). Commission for Review of FBI Security Programs, United States Department of Justice. ^ "Fugitive is killed in FBI stakeout". The Boston Globe. September 25, 2005. Archived from the original on 23 October 2012. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  ^ "Revés para Puerto Rico en caso de independentista muerto por FBI" (in Spanish). Azcentral. 2008-03-31. Archived from the original on 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  ^ Funeral Service for Filiberto Ojeda Ríos Retrieved July 20, 2009. ^ "Request for Condemnation of Ojeda-Rios' assassination by the United States".  ^ Miller, Mary Ann (August 27, 2015). "Associated Press sues after FBI impersonates journalist in sting operation". Los Angeles Times.  ^ Reilly, Ryan (September 15, 2016). "An FBI Agent Did A Pretty Terrible Job Of Pretending To Be A Journalist". HuffPost.  ^ Tucker, Eric (November 10, 2014). "AP demands FBI never again impersonate journalist". Associated Press.  ^ Tucker, Eric (September 15, 2016). "Justice Department report 'effectively condone[s]' FBI impersonation incident". The Washington Post.  ^ Cohen, Kelly (December 15, 2017). "Appeals Court sides with Associated Press in lawsuit against FBI". Washington Examiner.  ^ Gresko, Jessica (November 15, 2017). "US court hears case involving impersonation of AP journalist". Chicago Tribune.  ^ Borland, John (November 17, 2005). "See Who's Editing Wikipedia – Diebold, the CIA, a Campaign". Wired.  ^ "Congressional staffers edit boss's bio on Wikipedia". Ars Technica.  ^ a b c Fildes, Jonathan (August 15, 2007). "Technology | Wikipedia 'shows CIA page edits'". BBC News. Retrieved February 13, 2012.  ^ Bobbie Johnson, technology correspondent (August 14, 2007). "Companies and party aides cast censorious eye over Wikipedia". The Guardian. London. Retrieved February 12, 2012.  ^ Susan Duclos (August 12, 2008). "McCain Accused Of Plagiarism, Campaign Releases Internal Memo And Denies Claim". Digital Journal. Retrieved April 17, 2013.  ^ Poulsen, Kevin (August 13, 2007). "Vote On the Most Shameful Wikipedia Spin Jobs – UPDATED | Threat Level". Wired. Retrieved April 1, 2012.  ^ a b Mikkelsen, Randall (August 16, 2007). "CIA, FBI computers used for Wikipedia edits". Reuters. Retrieved February 12, 2012.  ^ "CIA caught rewriting Wikipedia biographies". Daily Mail. London. August 15, 2007. Retrieved February 13, 2012.  ^ "Wikipedia and the art of censorship". Belfast Telegraph. August 18, 2007. Retrieved March 14, 2012.  ^ a b Landler, Mark; Lichtblau, Eric (6 July 2016). "STERN REBUKE, BUT NO CHARGES FOR CLINTON: F.B.I. Calls Email Use 'Extremely Careless'". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved 6 July 2016.  ^ Jacobs, Ben; et al. (28 October 2016). "Newly discovered emails relating to Hillary Clinton case under review by FBI". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 October 2016. CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link) ^ Isikoff, Michael (29 October 2016). "Exclusive: FBI still does not have warrant to review new Abedin emails linked to Clinton probe". Yahoo. Retrieved 30 October 2016.  ^ "US election: Hillary Clinton blames loss on FBI's James Comey in call with top donors" ^ "President Trump dismisses FBI Director Comey". Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-05-09.  ^ Rosenberg, Matthew; Apuzzo, Matt (2017-05-10). "Days Before Firing, Comey Asked for More Resources for Russia Inquiry". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-05-10.  ^ New York Times, May 9, 2017, F.B.I. Director James Comey Is Fired by Trump ^ Manchester, Julia (2 August 2017). "Wray officially sworn in as FBI director".  ^ York, Byron (2 February 2018). "House Intelligence memo released: What it says". Washington Examiner.  ^ "'A Lot of People Should Be Ashamed': Trump Reacts to Surveillance Memo". Fox News. 2 February 2018.  ^ "FBI Statement on the Shooting in Parkland, Florida". Federal Bureau of Investigation. February 16, 2018. Archived from the original on February 17, 2018.  ^ Powers, Richard Gid (1983). G-Men: Hoover's FBI in American Popular Culture. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 0-8093-1096-1. 

Further reading HSI BOOK Government HSI Files Charles, Douglas M. (2007). J. Edgar Hoover and the Anti-interventionists: FBI Political Surveillance and the Rise of the Domestic Security State, 1939–1945. Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio State University Press. ISBN 978-0-8142-1061-1.  Kessler, Ronald (1993). The FBI: Inside the World's Most Powerful Law Enforcement Agency. Pocket Books Publications. ISBN 978-0-671-78657-1.  Powers, Richard Gid (1983). G-Men, Hoover's FBI in American Popular Culture. Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 978-0-8093-1096-8.  Sullivan, William (1979). The Bureau: My Thirty Years in Hoover's FBI. Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-01236-1.  Theoharis, Athan G.; John Stuart Cox (1988). The Boss: J. Edgar Hoover and the Great American Inquisition. Temple University Press. ISBN 978-0-87722-532-4.  Theoharis, Athan G.; Tony G. Poveda; Susan Rosenfeld; Richard Gid Powers (2000). The FBI: A Comprehensive Reference Guide. Checkmark Books. ISBN 978-0-8160-4228-9.  Theoharis, Athan G. (2004). The FBI and American Democracy: A Brief Critical History. Kansas: University Press. ISBN 978-0-7006-1345-8.  Thomas, William H., Jr. (2008). Unsafe for Democracy: World War I and the U.S. Justice Department's Covert Campaign to Suppress Dissent. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 978-0-299-22890-3.  Tonry, Michael (ed.) (2000). The Handbook of Crime & Punishment. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-514060-6. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Trahair, Richard C. S. (2004). Encyclopedia of Cold War Espionage, Spies, and Secret Operations. Ballentine: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-31955-6.  Vanderpool, Bill (August 22, 2011). "A History of FBI Handguns". American Rifleman. Retrieved April 3, 2014.  Weiner, Tim (2012). Enemies. A History of the FBI. Random House. ISBN 978-1-4000-6748-0.  Williams, David (1981). "The Bureau of Investigation and its Critics, 1919–1921: the Origins of Federal Political Surveillance". Journal of American History. Organization of American Historians. 68 (3): 560–579. doi:10.2307/1901939. JSTOR 1901939.  FBI — The Year in Review, Part 1, Part 2 (2013) Church Committee Report, Vol. 6, "Federal Bureau of Investigation." 1975 congressional inquiry into American intelligence operations.

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Portugal: SIED Qatar: QSS Romania: SIE Russia: SVR Saudi Arabia: Al Mukhabarat Al A'amah Serbia: BIA Sierra Leone: CISU Singapore: SID Slovakia: SIS Slovenia: SOVA Somalia: NISA South Africa: SSA South Korea: NIS Spain: CNI Sri Lanka: SIS Sudan: JAWM Sweden: KSI Switzerland: NDB Syria: GSD Taiwan: NSB Tajikistan: MoS Thailand: NIA Togo: NIA Tunisia: TIA Turkey: MİT Turkmenistan: KNB Uganda: ISO Ukraine: SZRU United Arab Emirates: UAEI United Kingdom: SIS (MI6) United States: CIA Uzbekistan: SNB Vietnam: TC2 Domestic intelligence Algeria: DRS Argentina: AFI Australia: ASIO Azerbaijan: MTN Bangladesh: SB Belarus: KGB RB Belgium: VS/SE Bosnia and Herzegovina: SIPA Brazil: PF Brunei: IRD Canada: CSIS Chile: ANI China: MSS Croatia: SOA Czech Republic: BIS Denmark: PET Egypt: EHS Estonia: KAPO Finland: Supo France: DGSI Germany: BfV Ghana: GPS, CID Greece: EYP Hong Kong: CIB Hungary: AH India: IB, CBI, NSC, AIRMS Iran: VAJA, IRGC, PAVA Ireland: CSB, SDU, NSU Israel: Shin Bet Italy: AISI Kazakhstan: NSC Kenya: NIS Latvia: DP Lithuania: STT Republic of Macedonia: IA Malaysia: SB Japan: NPA, PSIA Netherlands: NCTb New Zealand: NZSIS Nigeria: SSS Norway: PST North Korea: SSD Oman: ISS Pakistan: IB, FIA Philippines: NBI Poland: ABW Portugal: SIS Romania: SRI Russia: FSB Saudi Arabia: Mabahith Serbia: BIA Singapore: ISD South Africa: SSA South Korea: SPO Spain: CITCO Sri Lanka: SIS Sweden: SÄPO Switzerland: NDB Syria: GSD Taiwan: MJIB Thailand: ISOC, SB Turkey: KDGM Ukraine: SBU United Kingdom: Security Service (MI5), NDEDIU, NCA, NBIS United States: FBI Uzbekistan: SNB Venezuela: SEBIN Vietnam: TC5 Zimbabwe: CIO Military intelligence Australia: DIO Bangladesh: DGFI Belgium: ADIV/SGRS Brazil: DIE Canada: Int Branch China: MID Croatia: VSOA Czech Republic: VZ Denmark: FE Egypt: DMISR Finland: PE TIEDOS France: DRM, DGSE Germany: MAD Ghana: MIU Hungary: KNBSZ Iran: General Staff, SAHEFAJA, SAHEFASA, SAHEFAVEDJA India: DMI, DIA Indonesia: BAIS Ireland: G2 Israel: Aman Italy: CII Japan: MIC Kazakhstan: NSC Lithuania: AOTD Republic of Macedonia: MSSI Malaysia: DSID Morocco: DGED Netherlands: MIVD New Zealand: DDIS Norway: E-tjenesten Pakistan: MI, NI, AI Philippines: ISAFP Poland: SKW, SWW Portugal: CISMIL Romania: DGIA Russia: GRU Serbia: VOA, VBA Singapore: MIO Slovakia: VSS Slovenia: OVS South Africa: SANDF-ID South Korea: DSC Spain: Armed Forces Intelligence Center Sri Lanka: DMI Sweden: MUST Switzerland: MND Syria: MI, AFID Taiwan: MND Thailand: AFSC Turkey: GENKUR İ.D.B., JİTEM Ukraine: HUR MO United Kingdom: DI United States: DIA Venezuela: DGCIM Vietnam: TC2 Signals intelligence Australia: ASD Brazil: 2ª Sch/EMD Canada: CSE China: SIGINT Croatia: OTC Finland: PVTIEDL France: DGSE Germany: BND Ghana: RDU India: JCB,NTRO Indonesia: LEMSANEG Ireland: CIS Israel: 8200 Japan: DIH Kazakhstan: NSC Netherlands: AIVD New Zealand: GCSB Pakistan: JSIB Russia: Spetssvyaz South Africa: SSA Sweden: FRA Switzerland: NDB Syria: MI Turkey: MİT-ETİB, MİT-SİB Ukraine: Derzhspetszviazok United Kingdom: GCHQ United States: NSA Imagery intelligence Australia: AGO Finland: PVTIEDL India: DAI Israel: Air Intelligence Group New Zealand: GEOINT NZ Portugal: CIGeoE Russia: TsVTI GRU United Kingdom: DGIFC United States: NGA Related topics Espionage Global surveillance disclosures Chelsea Manning Snowden leaks WikiLeaks Great Firewall of China Mass surveillance in China Law enforcement Surveillance Big Brother Call detail record Carnivore Dishfire ECHELON PRISM Stone Ghost Turbulence (NSA programme) National security Surveillance issues in smart cities v t e Law enforcement in North America Sovereign states Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Belize Canada Costa Rica Cuba Dominica Dominican Republic El Salvador Grenada Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica Mexico Nicaragua Panama Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Trinidad and Tobago United States Dependencies and other territories Anguilla Aruba Bermuda Bonaire British Virgin Islands Cayman Islands Curaçao Greenland Guadeloupe Martinique Montserrat Puerto Rico Saint Barthélemy Saint Martin Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saba Sint Eustatius Sint Maarten Turks and Caicos Islands United States Virgin Islands Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 136624868 LCCN: n78095617 ISNI: 0000 0004 0481 0043 GND: 35632-3 SELIBR: 133942 SUDOC: 027521052 BNF: cb120073677 (data) NLA: 35567597 NKC: kn20030825006 BNE: XX150939 Coordinates: 38°53′43″N 77°01′30″W / 38.8952°N 77.0251°W / 38.8952; -77.0251 Retrieved from "" Categories: Federal Bureau of InvestigationFederal law enforcement agencies of the United StatesUnited States Department of Justice agenciesUnited States intelligence agenciesGovernment agencies established in 19081908 establishments in Washington, D.C.1908 establishments in the United StatesHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksCS1 maint: Multiple names: authors listAll articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from 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Federal_Bureau_of_Investigation - Photos and All Basic Informations

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This Article Is Semi-protected.FBI (disambiguation)Symbols Of The Federal Bureau Of InvestigationFederal Government Of The United StatesJ. Edgar Hoover BuildingNorthwest, Washington, D.C.Washington, D.C.US$Fiscal YearChristopher A. WrayDirector Of The Federal Bureau Of InvestigationDavid BowdichDeputy Director Of The Federal Bureau Of InvestigationUnited States Department Of JusticeDirector Of National IntelligenceIntelligence AgencySecurity AgencyUnited StatesFederal LawLaw Enforcement AgencyUnited States Department Of JusticeUnited States Intelligence CommunityUnited States Attorney GeneralDirector Of National IntelligenceCounter-terrorismCounterintelligenceJurisdictionFederal Crime In The United StatesMI5Federal Security ServiceCentral Intelligence AgencyList Of FBI Field OfficesDirector Of National IntelligenceList Of Diplomatic Missions Of The United StatesNational Resources DivisionBureau Of InvestigationHeadquartersJ. Edgar Hoover BuildingWashington, D.C.EnlargePolitical CorruptionCivil And Political RightsWhite-collar CrimeViolent CrimeNational Bureau Of Criminal IdentificationAssassination Of William McKinleyAnarchism In The United StatesTheodore RooseveltInterstate Commerce Act Of 1887Oregon Land Fraud ScandalCharles Joseph BonaparteUnited States Attorney GeneralUnited States Secret ServiceSecret PoliceSpecial Agent (United States)United States Secret ServiceStanley FinchMann ActBureau Of ProhibitionEnlargeJ. Edgar HooverFBI LaboratoryOsage Indian MurdersJohn DillingerBaby Face NelsonMa BarkerAlvin KarpisMachine Gun KellyKu Klux KlanEdwin AthertonTelephone TappingProhibition In The United StatesOlmstead V. United StatesSupreme Court Of The United StatesFourth Amendment To The United States ConstitutionUnited States CongressCommunications Act Of 1934Katz V. United StatesOmnibus Crime Control ActEspionageNazismSabotageEx Parte QuirinVenona ProjectCentral Intelligence AgencyVilyam Genrikhovich FisherAmerican LeftCommunist Party USAFBI IndexIsseiOffice Of Naval IntelligenceJapanese AmericanInternment Of German AmericansInternment Of Italian AmericansAttack On Pearl HarborFranklin D. RooseveltExecutive Order 9066War Relocation AuthorityAthan TheoharisExecutive Order 10450Fellow TravellerT. R. M. HowardGeorge W. LeeEmmett TillSurveillanceCOINTELPROPortmanteauSouthern Christian Leadership ConferenceMartin Luther King, Jr.EnlargeFBI–King Suicide LetterMartin Luther King, Jr.The Washington PostCarl RowanTaylor BranchMedia, PennsylvaniaCitizens' Commission To Investigate The FBIThe Harvard CrimsonCOINTELPROHenry S. ReussWisconsinHale BoggsJohn F. KennedyLyndon B. JohnsonEnlargeJoseph D. PistoneBenjamin RuggieroEdgar RobbRacketeer Influenced And Corrupt Organizations ActNational Crime SyndicateSam GiancanaJohn GottiOrganized CrimeInformantJoseph BarbozaStephen FlemmiNancy GertnerJoseph BarbozaEnlargeSWAT1984 Summer OlympicsTerrorism1972 Summer OlympicsMunichHostage Rescue TeamSWATCold WarDNAEnlargeCockpit Voice RecorderEgyptAir Flight 990USNS Grapple (T-ARS-53)1993 World Trade Center BombingNew York CityNew York (state)Oklahoma City BombingOklahoma CityOklahomaTed KaczynskiRuby RidgeWaco Siege1996 Summer OlympicsAtlantaCentennial Olympic Park BombingRichard JewellCommunications Assistance For Law Enforcement ActHealth Insurance Portability And Accountability ActEconomic Espionage ActInternetEnlargeSeptember 11 AttacksWorld Trade Center (1973–2001)Leonard W. Hatton Jr.Robert MuellerRobert HanssenTreasonLife Imprisonment9/11 CommissionCentral Intelligence AgencyDirector Of National IntelligenceThe Washington PostUniversity Of California, Los AngelesUnited States Intelligence CommunityIntelligence AnalysisNational Academy Of SciencesComparative Bullet-lead AnalysisEnlargeEnlargeEnlargeFBI National Security BranchFBI Intelligence BranchFBI National Security BranchFBI Criminal, Cyber, Response, And Services BranchFBI Science And Technology BranchFBI Information And Technology BranchFBI Human Resources BranchOffice Of Professional ResponsibilityEnlargeSpecial AgentEnlargeJames ComeyBarack ObamaDeputy Director Of The Federal Bureau Of InvestigationDirector Of The Federal Bureau Of InvestigationEnlargeGlockTitle 28 Of The United States CodeUnited States Attorney GeneralOrganized CrimeRacketeer Influenced And Corrupt Organizations ActCivil Rights Act Of 1964United States Department Of JusticeDrug Enforcement AdministrationControlled Substances ActPatriot ActTelephone TappingSneak And Peek WarrantLibraryTerrorismAbscamEntrapmentNational Security LetterAdministrative SubpoenaUnited States AttorneyUnited States Coast GuardU.S. Customs And Border ProtectionNational Transportation Safety BoardAviation Accidents And IncidentsU.S. Immigration And Customs EnforcementSeptember 11 AttacksU.S. Department Of Homeland SecurityJoint Terrorism Task ForceEnlargeFort Berthold Indian ReservationNorth DakotaIndian ReservationBureau Of Indian AffairsEnlargeJ. Edgar Hoover BuildingEnlargeList Of FBI Field OfficesJ. Edgar Hoover BuildingWashington, D.C.Diplomatic MissionConsul (representative)Quantico, VirginiaClarksburg, West VirginiaSaudi ArabiaYemenIraqAfghanistanFreedom Of Information Act (United States)Winchester, VirginiaThe Washington PostWashington, D.C.FBI LaboratoryFBI AcademyQuantico, VirginiaEnlargeFBI AcademyQuantico, VirginiaInformation TechnologyScience Applications International CorporationVirtual Case FileInformation TechnologyEnlargeChelsea, MassachusettsCarnivore (software)Associated PressFBI Criminal Justice Information Services DivisionClarksburg, West VirginiaNational Virtual Translation CenterUnited States Intelligence CommunityEnlargeEnlargeFBI AcademyOfficer Down Memorial PageVeteranBachelor's DegreeSecurity ClearanceClassified Information In The United StatesCollateral ClearanceSingle Scope Background InvestigationUnited States Office Of Personnel ManagementPolygraphDirector Of The Federal Bureau Of InvestigationDirector Of The Federal Bureau Of InvestigationPresident Of The United StatesUnited States SenateJ. Edgar HooverCalvin CoolidgeJames B. ComeyBarack ObamaDonald J. TrumpDeputy Director Of The Federal Bureau Of InvestigationList Of FBI Field OfficesIntelligence Reform And Terrorism Prevention ActPresident Of The United StatesDirector Of National IntelligenceEnlargeGlock 22Semi-automatic Pistol.40 S&WCartridge (firearms)FBI AcademyGlock 21.45 ACPHostage Rescue TeamFBI Special Weapons And Tactics TeamsSpringfield Armory, Inc.M1911 PistolGlock Ges.m.b.H.Request For ProposalFBI Law Enforcement BulletinLaw Enforcement AgencyCrime MappingUse Of ForceCriminal JusticeViolent Criminal Apprehension ProgramTerrorismComputer CrimeWhite-collar CrimeViolent CrimeFederal Government Of The United StatesOffice Of Justice ProgramsUnited States Department Of JusticeNational Criminal Justice Reference ServiceUnited States Department Of JusticeUniform Crime ReportsNational Incident-Based Reporting SystemCrime StatisticsFBI Files On Elvis PresleyFrank SinatraJohn DenverJohn LennonJane FondaGroucho MarxCharlie ChaplinMC5Lou CostelloSonny BonoBob DylanMichael JacksonMickey MantleEnlargeNation Of IslamElijah MuhammadPsychological WarfareNational SecurityCommunismSocialismCivil Rights MovementMartin Luther King Jr.Southern Christian Leadership ConferenceNational Association For The Advancement Of Colored PeopleCongress Of Racial EqualityBlack NationalismNation Of IslamBlack Panther PartyAmerican Indian MovementNew LeftStudents For A Democratic Society (1960 Organization)Weatherman (organization)Vietnam WarNational Lawyers GuildWomen's RightsPuerto RicoUnited IrelandOrlando BoschCuban Nationalist MovementWhite SupremacyHate Groups In The United StatesKu Klux KlanNational States' Rights PartyPuerto Rican PeoplePedro Albizu CamposPuerto Rican Nationalist PartyLuis GutierrezFreedom Of Information Act (United States)New York CityChicagoUniversity Of Nebraska OmahaWhitey BulgerPatriarca Crime FamilyRacketeer Influenced And Corrupt Organizations ActFBI Ten Most Wanted FugitivesSanta Monica, CaliforniaRacketeeringMoney LaunderingExtortionRobert HanssenLife ImprisonmentADX FlorenceSupermax PrisonFoxstone ParkVienna, VirginiaUSSRRussiaEspionage Act Of 1917United States District Court For The Eastern District Of VirginiaUS Department Of JusticeEnlargeFiliberto Ojeda RíosFiliberto Ojeda RíosWikipedia:Citation NeededAníbal Acevedo ViláRoman Catholic ChurchRoberto González NievesRafael Hernández ColónUnited NationsSpecial Committee On DecolonizationAssociated PressVirgil GriffithCaltechWikiScannerIP AddressConflict Of Interest Editing On WikipediaHillary Clinton Email ControversyUnited States Department Of JusticeHillary Clinton Email ControversyJ. Edgar Hoover BuildingHillary ClintonUnited States Presidential Election, 2016James ComeyDismissal Of James ComeyWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Words To WatchRussian Interference In The 2016 United States ElectionsAndrew G. McCabeChristopher A. WrayNunes MemoHouse Intelligence CommitteeDevin NunesFusion GPSCarter PageAndrew McCabeJames ComeyStoneman Douglas High School ShootingStoneman Douglas High School ShootingFBI Portrayal In MediaEnlargeThe X-FilesDana ScullyGillian AndersonFox MulderDavid DuchovnyParanormalThe X-FilesParanormalCounter Terrorist Unit24 (TV Series)FBI Counterterrorism DivisionPoint Break (1991 Film)Donnie Brasco (film)Joseph D. PistoneQuantico (TV Series)Edwin AthertonEd BethuneAlaska P. DavidsonSibel EdmondsJames R. FitzgeraldMark FeltJ. Edgar HooverRobert HanssenLon HoriuchiRichard Miller (agent)Robert MuellerEric O'NeillJohn P. O'NeillJoseph D. PistoneMelvin PurvisColeen RowleyAli SoufanSue Thomas (agent)Clyde TolsonLoy F. WeaverFrederic WhitehurstPortal:Government Of The United StatesPortal:Law Enforcement/Law Enforcement TopicsBureau Of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms And ExplosivesDiplomatic Security ServiceDrug Enforcement AdministrationFBI Honorary MedalsFBI Victims Identification ProjectFederal Law Enforcement In The United StatesInspectorLaw Enforcement In The United StatesSociety Of Former Special Agents Of The Federal Bureau Of InvestigationState Bureau Of InvestigationU.S. Customs And Border ProtectionU.S. Immigration And Customs EnforcementUnited States Marshals ServiceUnited States Secret ServiceWashington PostWayback MachineAssociated PressNBC NewsTim WeinerInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-679-64389-0Charles Joseph BonaparteDavid GreenbergInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-89526-225-8Category:CS1 Maint: Multiple Names: Authors ListUniversity Of Illinois PressThe New York TimesCecil AdamsDavid FrumInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-465-04195-7Wayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineThe Denver PostWayback MachineThe Denver PostDana PriestWilliam ArkinWayback MachineWashington PostThe Officer Down Memorial PageThe McClatchy CompanyUnited States Statutes At LargeNational Rifle AssociationNational Rifle AssociationNational Rifle AssociationDavid FrumInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-465-04195-7CBS NewsWayback MachineM. Wesley SwearingenSouth End PressWikipedia:Link RotWayback MachineUnited States Department Of JusticeUnited States Department Of JusticeCategory:CS1 Maint: Explicit Use Of Et Al.International Standard Serial NumberInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8093-1096-1Ohio State University PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-8142-1061-1Ronald KesslerInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-671-78657-1Southern Illinois University PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-8093-1096-8International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-393-01236-1Athan TheoharisTemple University PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-87722-532-4International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-8160-4228-9International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-7006-1345-8International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-299-22890-3Oxford University PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-19-514060-6Category:CS1 Maint: Extra Text: Authors ListInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-313-31955-6American RiflemanTim WeinerInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-4000-6748-0Journal Of American HistoryDigital Object IdentifierJSTORFederation Of American ScientistsProject GutenbergLibriVoxInternet ArchiveTemplate:FBITemplate Talk:FBIList Of FBI Field OfficesFBI Atlanta Field OfficeFBI Buffalo Field OfficeFBI Cleveland Field OfficeFBI Tampa Field OfficeFBI Criminal, Cyber, Response, And Services BranchFBI Human Resources BranchFBI Information And Technology BranchFBI National Security BranchFBI Science And Technology BranchFBI AcademyBehavioral Analysis UnitBehavioral Science UnitCommunications Exploitation SectionFBI Criminal Justice Information Services DivisionFBI Counterterrorism DivisionFBI Criminal Investigative DivisionFBI Crisis Negotiation UnitFBI Critical Incident Response GroupFBI PoliceFBI Special Weapons And Tactics TeamsSWATFBI Hazardous Devices SchoolHostage Rescue TeamJoint Terrorism Task ForceFBI LaboratoryFBI National AcademyNational Center For The Analysis Of Violent CrimeNational Crime Information CenterOffice Of Professional ResponsibilityScientific Working GroupScientific Working Group - Imaging TechnologyScientific Working Group - Bloodstain Pattern AnalysisViolent Criminal Apprehension ProgramAirtel (FBI)BureaupediaCarnivore (software)Combined DNA Index SystemComputer And Internet Protocol Address VerifierIntegrated Automated Fingerprint Identification SystemLaw Enforcement National Data ExchangeNational Incident-Based Reporting SystemFederal Bureau Of InvestigationDeputy Director Of The Federal Bureau Of InvestigationSpecial AgentAbscam1922 Bridgman ConventionCOINTELPROFBI Method Of ProfilingRod Blagojevich Corruption ChargesFBI Files On Elvis Presley1986 FBI Miami ShootoutFBI Silvermaster FileFBI Special Advisor ProgramFBI Victims Identification ProjectGuardian (database)High-Value Interrogation GroupLindbergh KidnappingRuby RidgeSpecial Intelligence ServiceUnited States V. ScheinbergWaco SiegeDirector Of The Federal Bureau Of InvestigationBureau Of InvestigationStanley FinchA. Bruce BielaskiWilliam E. AllenWilliam J. FlynnWilliam J. BurnsJ. Edgar HooverJ. Edgar HooverL. Patrick GrayWilliam RuckelshausClarence M. KelleyJames B. AdamsWilliam H. WebsterJohn E. OttoWilliam S. SessionsFloyd I. ClarkeLouis FreehThomas J. PickardRobert MuellerJames ComeyAndrew McCabeChristopher A. WrayHarry "Skip" BrandonSibel EdmondsMark FeltDeep Throat (Watergate)Helen GandyJoseph L. GormleyWesley GrappDavid IcovePeter StrzokClyde TolsonJ. Edgar Hoover BuildingChild Abduction And Serial Murder Investigative Resources CenterFederal Bureau Of Investigation Portrayal In MediaG-Man (slang)Junior G-MenFBI–Apple Encryption DisputeFBI Law Enforcement BulletinTemplate:United States Department Of JusticeTemplate Talk:United States Department Of JusticeUnited States Department Of JusticeRobert F. Kennedy Department Of Justice BuildingJeff SessionsUnited States Attorney GeneralRod RosensteinUnited States Deputy Attorney GeneralUnited States Deputy Attorney GeneralUnited States Department Of Justice Justice Management DivisionUnited States Department Of Justice Criminal DivisionUnited States Department Of Justice National Security DivisionBureau Of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms And ExplosivesDrug Enforcement AdministrationFederal Bureau Of PrisonsNational Institute Of CorrectionsUnited States Marshals ServiceExecutive Office For Immigration ReviewOffice Of Attorney Recruitment And ManagementOffice Of The Federal Detention TrusteeOffice Of The Pardon AttorneyOffice Of Professional ResponsibilityUnited States AttorneyInterpolUnited States Parole CommissionOffice Of Legal CounselUnited States Associate Attorney GeneralOffice Of Justice ProgramsOffice On Violence Against WomenCommunity Oriented Policing ServicesForeign Claims Settlement CommissionUnited States Department Of Justice Antitrust DivisionUnited States Department Of Justice Civil DivisionUnited States Department Of Justice Civil Rights DivisionUnited States Department Of Justice Environment And Natural Resources DivisionUnited States Department Of Justice Tax DivisionUnited States Trustee ProgramCommunity Relations ServiceOffice Of Legal PolicyUnited States Assistant Attorney GeneralUnited States Department Of Justice Antitrust DivisionUnited States Department Of Justice Civil DivisionUnited States Department Of Justice Civil Rights DivisionUnited States Department Of Justice Criminal DivisionUnited States Department Of Justice National Security DivisionUnited States Department Of Justice Environment And Natural Resources DivisionUnited States Department Of Justice Justice Management DivisionUnited States Department Of Justice Tax DivisionOffice Of Legal CounselOffice Of Legal PolicyU.S. Department Of Justice Office Of Legislative AffairsOffice Of Justice ProgramsSolicitor General Of The United StatesTemplate:Federal Law Enforcement Agencies Of The United StatesTemplate Talk:Federal Law Enforcement Agencies Of The United StatesFederal Law Enforcement In The United StatesUnited States Department Of CommerceOffice Of Export EnforcementNational Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration Fisheries Office For Law EnforcementUnited States Department Of DefenseDefense Criminal Investigative ServiceDepartment Of Defense PoliceDefense Logistics AgencyPentagon Force Protection AgencyUnited States Pentagon PoliceNSA PoliceUnited States Department Of The ArmyUnited States Army Intelligence And Security CommandUnited States Army Criminal Investigation CommandMilitary Police Corps (United States)Department Of The Army Civilian PoliceUnited States Army Corrections CommandUnited States Department Of The NavyNaval Criminal Investigative ServiceUnited States Marine Corps Criminal Investigation DivisionMaster-at-arms (United States Navy)United States Marine Corps Civilian PoliceUnited States Naval AcademyUnited States Department Of The Air ForceUnited States Air Force Office Of Special InvestigationsUnited States Air Force Security ForcesDepartment Of The Air Force PoliceUnited States Department Of Health And Human ServicesFood And Drug AdministrationOffice Of Criminal InvestigationsNational Institutes Of Health PoliceUnited States Department Of Homeland SecurityFederal Law Enforcement Training CentersUnited States Citizenship And Immigration ServicesUnited States Coast GuardCoast Guard Investigative ServiceUnited States Coast Guard PoliceU.S. Customs And Border ProtectionFederal Protective Service (United States)U.S. Immigration And Customs EnforcementUnited States Secret ServiceTransportation Security AdministrationFederal Air Marshal ServiceUnited States Department Of The InteriorBureau Of Indian Affairs PoliceBureau Of Land ManagementHoover Dam PoliceNational Park ServiceNational Park Service RangerUnited States Park PoliceUnited States Fish And Wildlife Service Office Of Law EnforcementNational Wildlife RefugeUnited States Department Of JusticeBureau Of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms And ExplosivesDrug Enforcement AdministrationFBI PoliceFederal Bureau Of PrisonsUnited States Marshals ServiceUnited States Department Of StateBureau Of Diplomatic SecurityDiplomatic Security ServiceOffice Of Foreign MissionsUnited States Department Of TransportationUnited States Merchant Marine AcademyUnited States Department Of The TreasuryAlcohol And Tobacco Tax And Trade BureauBureau Of Engraving And PrintingFinancial Crimes Enforcement NetworkIRS Criminal Investigation DivisionUnited States Mint PoliceUnited States Forest ServiceUnited States Department Of AgricultureUnited States Department Of Veterans Affairs PoliceOffice Of Secure TransportationUnited States Department Of EnergyUnited States CongressSergeant At Arms Of The United States House Of RepresentativesSergeant At Arms Of The United States SenateUnited States Capitol PoliceUnited States Government Printing OfficeU.S. Probation And Pretrial Services SystemMarshal Of The United States Supreme CourtSupreme Court PoliceAmtrak PoliceOrganizational Structure Of The Central Intelligence AgencyOffice Of Enforcement And Compliance AssuranceFederal Reserve PoliceSmithsonian PoliceUnited States Postal Inspection ServiceUnited States Postal Inspection ServiceSmithsonian PoliceTemplate:United States Intelligence AgenciesTemplate Talk:United States Intelligence AgenciesUnited States Intelligence CommunityUnited States Intelligence CommunityUnited States Department Of DefenseDefense Intelligence AgencyDefense Clandestine ServiceDefense Attaché SystemNational Intelligence UniversityMissile And Space Intelligence CenterNational Center For Medical IntelligenceJoint Functional Component Command For Intelligence, Surveillance And ReconnaissanceNational Geospatial-Intelligence AgencyNational Reconnaissance OfficeNational Security AgencyCentral Security ServiceSpecial Collection ServiceUnited States Armed ForcesUnited States Army Intelligence And Security CommandMarine Corps IntelligenceOffice Of Naval IntelligenceTwenty-Fifth Air ForceCoast Guard IntelligenceBureau Of Intelligence And ResearchUnited States Department Of StateCentral Intelligence AgencyDirectorate Of Operations (CIA)Special Activities DivisionOpen Source CenterCIA Directorate Of Science & TechnologyCIA UniversityDrug Enforcement AdministrationUnited States Department Of JusticeDHS Office Of Intelligence And AnalysisUnited States Department Of Homeland SecurityOffice Of Terrorism And Financial IntelligenceUnited States Department Of The TreasuryOffice Of Intelligence And CounterintelligenceUnited States Department Of EnergyDirector Of National IntelligenceDirector Of National IntelligenceNational Counterterrorism CenterNational Counterproliferation CenterOffice Of The National Counterintelligence ExecutiveNational Intelligence CouncilIntelligence Advanced Research Projects ActivityUnited States Joint Intelligence Community CouncilAssociate Director Of National Intelligence And Chief Information OfficerExecutive Office Of The PresidentNational Security Advisor (United States)United States National Security CouncilPresident's Intelligence Advisory BoardUnited States Homeland Security CouncilHomeland Security AdvisorPresident's Daily BriefUnder Secretary Of Defense For IntelligenceIntelligence Support ActivityJoint Worldwide Intelligence Communications SystemIntellipediaUnited States Intelligence Community OversightUnited States Senate Select Committee On IntelligenceUnited States House Permanent Select Committee On IntelligenceUnited States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance CourtPrivacy And Civil Liberties Oversight BoardOffice Of Management And BudgetContingency Fund For Foreign IntercourseCounterintelligence Field ActivityMilitary Information Division (United States)Military Intelligence Division (United States Army)Military Intelligence Service (United States)Office Of Strategic ServicesOffice 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