Contents 1 Synopsis 2 Production 3 Release 3.1 Critical reception 3.2 Commercial performance 3.3 Home media 3.4 Initial television presentations 4 Soundtrack 4.1 Track listing 5 Awards 5.1 Palme d'Or 5.2 People's Choice Award 5.3 Golden Raspberry Awards 6 Controversies 7 Moore's expectations for the 2004 presidential election 8 Lawsuit 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links


Synopsis[edit] The movie begins by suggesting that friends and political allies of George W. Bush at Fox News Channel tilted the election of 2000 by prematurely declaring Bush the winner. It then suggests the handling of the voting controversy in Florida constituted election fraud. The film then segues into the September 11 attacks. Moore says Bush was informed of the first plane hitting the World Trade Center on his way to an elementary school. Bush is then shown sitting in a Florida classroom with children. When told that a second plane has hit the World Trade Center and that the nation is "under attack", Bush allows the students to finish their book reading, and Moore notes that he continued reading for nearly seven minutes. Moore then discusses the complex relationships between the U.S. government and the Bush family; and between the bin Laden family, the Saudi Arabian government, and the Taliban, which span over three decades. Moore then states that the United States government evacuated 24 members of the bin Laden family on a secret flight shortly after the attacks, without subjecting them to any form of interrogation. Moore moves on to examine George W. Bush's Air National Guard service record. Moore contends that Bush's dry-hole oil well attempts were partially funded by the Saudis and by the bin Laden family through the intermediary of James R. Bath. Moore alleges that these conflicts of interest suggest that the Bush administration does not serve the interests of Americans. The movie continues by suggesting ulterior motives for the War in Afghanistan, including a natural gas pipeline through Afghanistan to the Indian Ocean. Moore alleges that the Bush administration induced a climate of fear among the American population through the mass media. Moore then describes purported anti-terror efforts, including government infiltration of pacifist groups and other events, and the signing of the USA PATRIOT Act. The documentary then turns to the subject of the Iraq War, comparing the lives of the Iraqis before and after the invasion. The citizens of Iraq are portrayed as living relatively happy lives prior to the country's invasion by the U.S. military. The film also takes pains to demonstrate supposed war cheerleading in the U.S. media and general bias of journalists, with quotes from news organizations and embedded journalists. Moore suggests that atrocities will occur in Iraq and shows footage depicting U.S. abuse of prisoners. Later in the film, Lila Lipscomb appears with her family after hearing of the death of her son, Sgt. Michael Pedersen, who was killed on April 2, 2003, in Karbala. Anguished and tearful, she begins to question the purpose of the war. Tying together several themes and points, Moore compliments those serving in the U.S. military. He claims that the lower class of America are always the first to join the Army, so that the people better off do not have to join. He states that those valuable troops should not be sent to risk their lives unless it is necessary to defend America. The credits roll while Neil Young's "Rockin' in the Free World" plays. Moore dedicated the film to his friend who was killed in the World Trade Center attacks and to those servicemen and women from Flint, Michigan that have been killed in Iraq: "Michael Pedersen, Brett Petriken and all the soldiers from the Flint area who have died in the Iraq War ... Bill Weems and the 2973 who died on 9/11/01 ... and the countless thousands who have died in Afghanistan and Iraq as a result of our actions."


Production[edit] Originally planned to be financed by Mel Gibson's Icon Productions (which planned to give Michael Moore eight figures in upfront cash and potential backend),[3] Fahrenheit 9/11 was later picked up by Miramax Films and Wild Bunch in May 2003 after Icon Productions had abruptly dropped the financing deal it made.[4] Miramax had earlier distributed another film for Moore, The Big One, in 1997. At that time, Disney was the parent company of Miramax. According to the book DisneyWar, Disney executives did not know that Miramax agreed to finance the film until they saw a posting on the Drudge Report. Michael Eisner (the CEO of Disney at that time) called Harvey Weinstein (co-chairman of Miramax at that time) and ordered him to drop the film. In addition, Disney sent two letters to Weinstein demanding Miramax drop the film. Weinstein felt Disney had no right to block the releasing of Fahrenheit 9/11 since the film's $6 million budget was well below the level that Miramax needed to seek Disney's approval, and it would not be rated NC-17.[5] But Weinstein was in contract negotiations with Disney, so he offered a compromise that he would drop the film if Disney did not like it.[5] Disney responded by having Peter Murphy send Weinstein a letter stating that the film's $6 million budget was only a bridge financing and Miramax would sell off its interest in the movie to get those $6 million back; according to the same letter, Miramax was also expected to publicly state that it would not release the film.[5] After Fahrenheit 9/11 was nearly finished, Miramax held several preview screenings; they were "testing through the roof".[6] Weinstein informed Eisner that Fahrenheit 9/11 was finished, and Eisner was surprised by the fact that Miramax had continued making the film.[6] Weinstein asked several Disney executives (including Eisner) to watch the film, but all declined; Disney stated again that Miramax would not release the film, and Disney also accused Weinstein of hiding Fahrenheit 9/11 by keeping it off production reports.[6] Disney sent production vice president Brad Epstein to watch Fahrenheit 9/11 on April 24, 2004.[6] According to Weinstein, Epstein said he liked the film; but according to the report Epstein sent to the Walt Disney Company board of directors, Epstein clearly criticized it.[6] Eisner told Weinstein that Disney's board decided not to allow Miramax to release the film.[6] Weinstein was furious and he asked George J. Mitchell (chairman of Disney at that time) to see the film, but Mitchell declined.[6] Weinstein asked lawyer David Boies to help find a solution;[6] the Weinsteins and Moore had also hired Chris Lehane to consult on the film's release strategies.[7] The New York Times reported about Disney's decision on May 5, 2004.[8] Disney stated that both Moore's agent (Ari Emanuel) and Miramax were advised in May 2003 that Miramax would not be permitted to distribute the film. Disney representatives said Disney had the right to veto any Miramax film if it appeared that its distribution would be counterproductive to the interests of the company; indeed, Disney had blocked Miramax from releasing two films before: Kids and Dogma.[9] Because of these difficulties, distribution was first secured in numerous countries outside the U.S. On May 28, 2004, after more than a week of talks, Disney announced that Miramax film studio founders Harvey and Bob Weinstein had personally acquired the rights to the documentary after Disney declined to distribute it. The Weinsteins agreed to repay Disney for all costs to that point, estimated at around $6 million. They also agreed to be responsible for all costs to finish the film and all marketing costs not paid by any third-party film distributors.[10] A settlement between the Weinsteins and Disney was also reached so that 60% of the film's profit would be donated to charity.[11] The Weinsteins established Fellowship Adventure Group to handle the distribution of this film. Fellowship Adventure Group joined forces with Lions Gate Entertainment (which had released two other Miramax-financed films O and Dogma)[12] and IFC Films to release it in the United States theatrically. (Fellowship Adventure Group also handled the film's U.S. home video distribution through Columbia TriStar Home Entertainment). Moore stated that he was "grateful to them now that everyone who wants to see it will now have the chance to do so.[13] After being informed that the film had been given an R rating by the Motion Picture Association of America, Moore appealed the decision, hoping to obtain a PG-13 rating instead. Moore's lawyer, former Governor of New York, Mario Cuomo, was not allowed to attend the hearing. The appeal was denied on June 22, 2004, and Cuomo contended that it was because he had been banned from the hearing. Some theaters chose to defy the MPAA and allow unchaperoned teenagers to attend screenings.[14]


Release[edit] Alternate Fahrenheit 9/11 poster The film was released theatrically by The Fellowship Adventure Group through a distribution arrangement with Lions Gate Entertainment. On its opening weekend of June 25–27, 2004, the film generated box-office revenues of $23.9 million in the U.S. and Canada, making it the weekend's top-grossing film. Its opening weekend earned more than the entire U.S. theatrical run of any other feature-length documentary (including Moore's previous film, Bowling for Columbine). The film was released in the UK on July 2, 2004 and in France on July 7, 2004.[15] Moore credited part of the theatrical success to the efforts of conservative groups to pressure theaters not to run the film, conjecturing that these efforts backfired by creating publicity. There were also efforts by liberal groups such as MoveOn.org (who helped promote the film) to encourage attendance in order to defy their political opponents' contrary efforts.[16] Fahrenheit 9/11 was screened in a number of Middle Eastern countries, including the United Arab Emirates, Lebanon, and Egypt, but was immediately banned in Kuwait. "We have a law that prohibits insulting friendly nations", said Abdul-Aziz Bou Dastour of the Kuwaiti Information Ministry.[17][18] The film was not shown in Saudi Arabia as public movie theaters are not permitted. The Saudi ruling elite subsequently launched an advertising campaign spanning nineteen US cities to counter criticism partly raised in the film.[19] The film was shown in Iran, an anomaly in a nation in which American films had been banned since the Iran hostage crisis in 1979. Iranian film producer and human rights activist Banafsheh Zand-Bonazzi communicated with Iranians who saw the film, and claimed that it generated a pro-American response.[20] In Cuba, bootlegged versions of the film were shown in 120 theaters, followed by a prime-time television broadcast by the leading state-run network. It had been widely reported that this might affect its Oscar eligibility, since the film was broadcast on television less than nine months after its theatrical release. However, soon after that story had been published, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences issued a statement denying this, saying, "If it was pirated or stolen or unauthorized we would not blame the producer or distributor for that".[21] In addition, Wild Bunch, the film's overseas distributor for Cuba, issued a statement denying a television deal had been struck with Cuban Television. The issue became moot, however, when Moore decided to forgo Oscar eligibility in favor of a pay-per-view televising of the film on November 1, 2004. Critical reception[edit] The film was received positively by critics. It received an 83% Fresh rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 229 reviews.[22] It also received a score of 67 (generally favorable) on Metacritic, based on 43 reviews.[23] The consensus according to Rotten Tomatoes being "Extremely one-sided in its indictment of the Bush administration, but worth watching for the humor and the debates it'll stir".[22] Film critic Roger Ebert, who gave the documentary three and a half stars out of four, says that the film "is less an exposé of George W. Bush than a dramatization of what Moore sees as a failed and dangerous presidency". In the film, Moore presents footage of Vice President Al Gore presiding over the event that would officially anoint Bush as president, the day that a joint session of the House of Representatives and the Senate would certify the election results. "Moore brings a fresh impact to familiar material by the way he marshals his images", says Ebert. Entertainment Weekly put it on its end-of-the-decade, "best-of" list, saying, "Michael Moore's anti-Bush polemic gave millions of frustrated liberals exactly what they needed to hear in 2004--and infuriated just about everyone else. Along the way, it became the highest-grossing documentary of all time."[24] Commercial performance[edit] Grossing over $222 million total worldwide, the film is the highest grossing documentary of all time, according to Box Office Mojo.[1] The film had a general release in the United States and Canada on June 23, 2004. It has since been released in 42 more countries. On Al-Jazeera in August 2012, Moore claimed the movie "grossed about half a billion dollars" worldwide.[25] Home media[edit] Fahrenheit 9/11 was released to DVD and VHS on October 5, 2004, an unusually short turnaround time after theatrical release. In the first days of the release, the film broke records for the highest-selling documentary ever. About two million copies were sold on the first day, most of which (1.4 million) were sold as rentals.[26] A companion book, The Official Fahrenheit 9/11 Reader, was released at the same time. It contains the complete screenplay, documentation of Moore's sources, audience e-mails about the film, film reviews, and articles. Initial television presentations[edit] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (September 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) The two-hour film was planned to be shown as part of the three-hour "The Michael Moore Pre-Election Special" on iN DEMAND, but iN DEMAND backed out in mid-October. Moore later arranged for simultaneous broadcasts on November 1, 2004 at 8:00 p.m. (EST) on Dish Network, TVN, and the Cinema Now website and material prepared for "The Michael Moore Pre-Election Special" was incorporated into "Fahrenheit 9/11: A Movement in Time", which aired that same week on The Independent Film Channel. The movie was also shown on basic cable television in Germany and Austria on November 1, 2004 and November 2, 2004. In the UK, the film was shown on Channel 4 on January 27, 2005. In Hungary, it was shown on RTL Klub, a commercial channel, on September 10, 2005, on m1, one of the national channels, on August 13, 2006, on m2, the other national channel, on September 1, 2006. In Denmark, it was shown on Danmarks Radio (normally referred to as just DR), which is Denmark's national broadcasting corporation, on April 11, 2006. In Norway, it was shown on NRK, the national broadcasting corporation, on August 27, 2006. The film was screened in New Zealand on September 9, 2006 on TV ONE, a channel of TVNZ. The next day, the Dutch network Nederland 3 aired the film. In Belgium, it was shown on Kanaal 2 on October 12, 2006. In Brazil, it aired on October 10, 2008 on TV Cultura, the São Paulo public broadcasting network.


Soundtrack[edit] Fahrenheit 9/11: Original Soundtrack Soundtrack album by Various artists Released October 5, 2004 (2004-10-05) Length 1:00:44 Label Rhino Professional ratings Review scores Source Rating AllMusic [27] The soundtrack to Fahrenheit 9/11 was released on October 5, 2004 by Rhino Entertainment. Track listing[edit] No. Title Artist Length 1. "The Un-President" Jeff Gibbs 3:32 2. "Vacation" The Go-Go's 3:00 3. "Bush Waits...and Waits" Jeff Gibbs 2:14 4. "Cantus in Memory of Benjamin Britten, For String Orchestra & Bell" Paavo Järvi and Estonian National Symphony Orchestra 6:41 5. "We Gotta Get out of This Place" Eric Burdon 4:08 6. "Weapons of Deceit" Jeff Gibbs 2:18 7. "Deserter" Jeff Gibbs 4:08 8. "Cocaine" J. J. Cale 2:49 9. "Shiny Happy People" R.E.M. 3:44 10. "Magnificent Seven Theme" Elmer Bernstein 2:00 11. "Afghan Victory Dance" Jeff Gibbs 3:16 12. "Fire Water Burn" Bloodhound Gang 4:53 13. "The Greatest American Hero (Believe It or Not)" Joey Scarbury 3:14 14. "Aqualung" Jethro Tull 6:35 15. "All They Ask" Jeff Gibbs 3:30 16. "Rockin' in the Free World" Neil Young 4:42 Total length: 1:00:44


Awards[edit] Palme d'Or[edit] Michael Moore receiving the Palme d'Or at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival. In April 2004, the film was selected to compete for the Palme d'Or at the 57th Cannes Film Festival. After its first showing in Cannes in May 2004, the film received a 15–20 minute standing ovation; Harvey Weinstein, whose Miramax Films funded the film, said, "It was the longest standing ovation I've seen in over 25 years".[28][29] On May 22, 2004, the film was awarded the Palme d'Or.[2] It was the first documentary to win that award since Jacques Cousteau's and Louis Malle's The Silent World in 1956. Just as his much publicized Oscar acceptance speech, Moore's speech in Cannes included some political statements:[30] I have a sneaking suspicion that what you have done here and the response from everyone at the festival, you will assure that the American people will see this film. I can't thank you enough for that. You've put a huge light on this and many people want the truth and many want to put it in the closet, just walk away. There was a great Republican president who once said, if you just give the people the truth, the Republicans, the Americans will be saved. […] I dedicate this Palme d'Or to my daughter, to the children of Americans and to Iraq and to all those in the world who suffer from our actions. Some conservatives in the United States, such as Jon Alvarez of FireHollywood, commented that such an award could be expected from the French.[31] Moore had remarked only days earlier that: "I fully expect the Fox News Channel and other right-wing media to portray this as an award from the French. […] There was only one French citizen on the jury. Four out of nine were American. […] This is not a French award, it was given by an international jury dominated by Americans."[32] The jury was made up of four North Americans (one of them born in Haiti), four Europeans, and one Asian.[33] He also responded to suggestions that the award was political: "Quentin [Tarantino] whispered in my ear, 'We want you to know that it was not the politics of your film that won you this award. We are not here to give a political award. Some of us have no politics. We awarded the art of cinema, that is what won you this award and we wanted you to know that as a fellow filmmaker.'"[34] In comments to the prize-winning jury in 2005, Cannes director Gilles Jacob said that panels should make their decision based on filmmaking rather than politics. He expressed his opinion that though Moore's talent was not in doubt, "it was a question of a satirical tract that was awarded a prize more for political than cinematographic reasons, no matter what the jury said".[35] Interviewed about the decision four years later, Tarantino responded: "As time has gone on, I have put that decision under a microscope and I still think we were right. That was a movie of the moment – Fahrenheit 9/11 may not play the same way now as it did then, but back then it deserved everything it got."[36] People's Choice Award[edit] The film won additional awards after its release, such as the People's Choice Award for Favorite Motion Picture, an unprecedented honor for a documentary.[37] Golden Raspberry Awards[edit] Nine months after Fahrenheit 9/11 received the Palme d'Or, George W. Bush, Donald Rumsfeld, and Condoleezza Rice won the Worst Actor, Worst Supporting Actor, and Worst Screen Couple (Bush/Rice) in the 25th Golden Raspberry Awards because of their mishandling of the 9/11 attacks and the Iraq War.[38] Britney Spears, who appeared in the film in a cameo where she expressed her support of Bush,[39] won the Golden Raspberry for Worst Supporting Actress.[40]


Controversies[edit] Main article: Fahrenheit 9/11 controversies The film generated criticism and controversy after its release shortly before the United States presidential election, 2004. British-American journalist and literary critic Christopher Hitchens contended that Fahrenheit 9/11 contains distortions and untruths.[41] This drew several rebuttals, including an eFilmCritic article and a Columbus Free Press editorial.[42] Former Democratic mayor of New York City Ed Koch, who had endorsed President Bush for re-election, called the film propaganda.[43] In response, Moore published a list of facts and sources for Fahrenheit 9/11 and a document that he says establishes agreements between the points made in his film and the findings of the 9/11 Commission.[44]


Moore's expectations for the 2004 presidential election[edit] The film was released in June 2004, less than five months before the 2004 presidential election. Michael Moore, while not endorsing presidential candidate John Kerry, stated in interviews that he hoped "to see Mr. Bush removed from the White House".[45] He also said that he hoped his film would influence the election: "This may be the first time a film has this kind of impact".[45] However, some political analysts did not expect it to have a significant effect on the election. One Republican strategist stated that Moore "communicates to that far-left sliver that would never vote for Bush", and Jack Pitney, a government professor at Claremont McKenna College, suspected that the main effect of the film would be to "turn Bush-haters into bigger Bush-haters".[45] Regardless of whether the film would change the minds of many voters, Moore stated his intention to use it as an organizing tool, and hoped that it would energize those who wanted to see Bush defeated in 2004, increasing voter turnout.[46] Notwithstanding the film's influence and commercial success, George W. Bush was re-elected in 2004.


Lawsuit[edit] In February 2011, Moore sued producers Bob and Harvey Weinstein for US$2.7 million in unpaid profits from the film, stating that they used "Hollywood accounting tricks" to avoid paying him the money.[47] They responded Moore had received US$20 million for the film and that "his claims are hogwash".[47] Eventually, Bob and Harvey Weinstein reached a settlement with Moore for undisclosed amounts and terms.[48]


References[edit] ^ a b c "Fahrenheit 9/11". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2 October 2011.  ^ a b "Fahrenheit 9/11 (Fahrenheit 911)". festival-cannes.com. Archived from the original on 18 January 2012. Retrieved 2 October 2011.  ^ Fleming, Michael (27 March 2003). "Moore tools up for another furor". Variety. Retrieved 2 October 2011.  ^ Fleming, Michael (8 May 2003). "Moore's hot-potato '911' docu loses an Icon". Variety. Retrieved 2 October 2011.  ^ a b c Stewart, p.429-430 ^ a b c d e f g h Stewart, p.519-520 ^ "Moore's War; After skewering a sitting president, a Detroit mogul, and a cultural icon, Michael Moore is taking on the health-care industry". accessmylibrary.com. Archived from the original on March 12, 2010.  ^ Rutenberg, Jim (5 May 2004). "Disney Is Blocking Distribution of Film That Criticizes Bush". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 October 2011.  ^ Stuart Miller (16 October 2005). "The ripple effect". Variety. Retrieved 2 October 2011.  ^ "Weinstein Brothers buy Moore's Fahrenheit 9/11". ctv.ca. 29 May 2004. Archived from the original on 19 January 2012. Retrieved 2 October 2011.  ^ "Commondreams.org". Commondreams.org. 2004-07-02. Archived from the original on 2012-09-30. Retrieved 2012-06-15.  ^ Johnnie L. Roberts (2004-07-11). "Newsweek.com". Newsweek.com. Retrieved 2012-06-15.  ^ Bruce Orwall (2 July 2004). "Big Part of 'Fahrenheit 9/11' Profit Goes to Charity". commondreams.org. Archived from the original on 26 October 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.  ^ 'Fahrenheit' Raters Leave Cuomo Out in the Cold ; Washington Post; Richard Leiby; June 23, 2004 ^ "Fahrenheit 9/11 - International Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 18 September 2011.  ^ Paul Magnusson (12 July 2004). "Will Fahrenheit 9/11 Singe Bush". BW Online. Archived from the original on 16 August 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2011.  ^ "Kuwait bans anti-Bush documentary". BBC News. 2 August 2004. Retrieved 3 October 2011.  ^ Donna Abu-Nasr (22 August 2004). "Arabs denounce, embrace Fahrenheit". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.  |access-date= requires |url= (help) ^ Brian Whitaker (19 August 2004). "Saudis buy ads to counter Fahrenheit 9/11". The Age.  |access-date= requires |url= (help) ^ Banafsheh Zand-Bonazzi (29 September 2004). "Iranian Citizens Trash Fahrenheit 9/11". frontpagemag.com. Retrieved 3 October 2011.  ^ Josh Grossberg (August 3, 2004). "Moore's Cuban Oscar Crisis?". E Online. Archived from the original on 9 April 2006. Retrieved 3 October 2011.  ^ a b "Fahrenheit 9/11". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 3 October 2011.  ^ "Fahrenheit 9/11". Metacritic. Retrieved 3 October 2011.  ^ Geier, Thom; Jensen, Jeff; Jordan, Tina; Lyons, Margaret; Markovitz, Adam; Nashawaty, Chris; Pastorek, Whitney; Rice, Lynette; Rottenberg, Josh; Schwartz, Missy; Slezak, Michael; Snierson, Dan; Stack, Tim; Stroup, Kate; Tucker, Ken; Vary, Adam B.; Vozick-Levinson, Simon; Ward, Kate (11 December 2009). "THE 100 Greatest MOVIES, TV SHOWS, ALBUMS, BOOKS, CHARACTERS, SCENES, EPISODES, SONGS, DRESSES, MUSIC VIDEOS, AND TRENDS THAT ENTERTAINED US OVER THE PAST 10 YEARS". Entertainment Weekly: 74–84.  |access-date= requires |url= (help) ^ Hollywood and the war machine (Television production). Empire. Al Jazeera. 2012-08-06. Event occurs at 20:05. Retrieved 2012-09-03. And, contrary to what everybody said would happen, the film to date has grossed about half a billion dollars worldwide.  ^ Brett Sporich (6 October 2004). "'Fahrenheit' Burns Home-Video Sales Records". Reuters. Archived from the original on 11 October 2004. Retrieved 3 October 2011.  ^ "Fahrenheit 9/11 - Original Soundtrack - Songs, Reviews, Credits - AllMusic". AllMusic.  ^ 'Fahrenheit' lights fire in Cannes debut, The Hollywood Reporter. May 18, 2004. Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Anti-Bush film tops Cannes awards, BBC News Online. May 24, 2004. ^ "Palme d'Or to "Fahrenheit 9/11" by Michael Moore". festival-cannes.com. May 23, 2004. Archived from the original on 22 August 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2011.  ^ Jon Alvarez (28 May 2004). "The French, Michael Moore, and Fahrenheit 9/11". chronwatch.com. Archived from the original on 15 August 2004. Retrieved 3 October 2011.  ^ A. O. Scott (23 May 2004). "'Fahrenheit 9/11' Wins Top Prize at Cannes". The New York Times.  |access-date= requires |url= (help) ^ "Festival de Cannes - From 15 to 26 may 2013". Festival-cannes.com. Archived from the original on 8 March 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-15.  ^ "Moore film 'won Cannes on merit'". BBC News. 23 May 2004. Retrieved 3 October 2011.  ^ Caroline Briggs (11 May 2005). "'No politics' at Cannes festival". BBC News. Retrieved 3 October 2011.  ^ Hirschberg, Lynn. The Call Back: Quentin Tarantino, T magazine, Summer 2009.[dead link] ^ 2005: And the Nominees Are..., The People's Choice Awards. Last Visited Friday, Nov. 28, 2014. ^ "George Bush wins Razzie award". Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2016-03-31.  ^ "Why Conspiracy Theorists Blame Britney's Meltdown on Her Bestie George Bush". Vice. 21 April 2016.  ^ "'Catwoman,' 'Fahrenheit 9/11' split Razzies". CBC.  ^ Hitchens, Christopher (21 June 2004). "Unfairenheit 9/11: The lies of Michael Moore". Slate.com. Retrieved 5 October 2011.  ^ "A defense of Michael Moore and "Fahrenheit 9/11"". blueyonder.co.uk. Archived from the original on 5 September 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2011.  ^ Koch, Ed (29 June 2004). "Koch: Moore's propaganda film cheapens debate, polarizes nation". WorldTribune.com. Retrieved 5 October 2011.  ^ "Film footnotes: Fahrenheit 9/11". MichaelMoore.com. Retrieved 5 October 2011.  ^ a b c Kasindorf, Martin; Keen, Judy (25 June 2004). "'Fahrenheit 9/11': Will it change any voter's mind?". USA Today. Retrieved 5 October 2011.  ^ McNamee, Mike (12 July 2004). "Washington Outlook: Will Fahrenheit 9/11 Singe Bush?". BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on 16 August 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2011.  ^ a b "Film-maker Michael Moore sues Weinstein brothers". BBC. 9 February 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2011.  ^ "Michael Moore, Harvey Weinstein Settle 'Fahrenheit 9/11' Lawsuit". The Hollywood Reporter. 


Further reading[edit] Stewart, James B. (2005). DisneyWar. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-80993-1. 


External links[edit] Notes and sources at Moore's website Fahrenheit 9/11 on IMDb Fahrenheit 9/11 at AllMovie Fahrenheit 9/11 at Box Office Mojo Fahrenheit 9/11 at Rotten Tomatoes Related topic navboxes v t e Palme d'Or winning films Union Pacific (1939) Iris and the Lieutenant (1946) The Lost Weekend (1946) The Red Meadows (1946) Brief Encounter (1946) María Candelaria (1946) Neecha Nagar (1946) The Turning Point (1946) La Symphonie pastorale (1946) The Last Chance (1946) Men Without Wings (1946) Rome, Open City (1946) The Third Man (1949) Miss Julie (1951) Miracle in Milan (1951) The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice (1951) Two Cents Worth of Hope (1952) The Wages of Fear (1953) Gate of Hell (1954) Marty (1955) The Silent World (1956) Friendly Persuasion (1957) The Cranes Are Flying (1958) Black Orpheus (1959) La Dolce Vita (1960) The Long Absence (1961) Viridiana (1961) O Pagador de Promessas (1962) The Leopard (1963) The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (1964) The Knack ...and How to Get It (1965) A Man and a Woman (1966) The Birds, the Bees and the Italians (1966) Blowup (1967) if.... (1969) MASH (1970) The Go-Between (1971) The Working Class Goes to Heaven (1972) The Mattei Affair (1972) The Hireling (1973) Scarecrow (1973) The Conversation (1974) Chronicle of the Years of Fire (1975) Taxi Driver (1976) Padre Padrone (1977) The Tree of Wooden Clogs (1978) Apocalypse Now (1979) The Tin Drum (1979) All That Jazz (1980) Kagemusha (1980) Man of Iron (1981) Missing (1982) Yol (1982) The Ballad of Narayama (1983) Paris, Texas (1984) When Father Was Away on Business (1985) The Mission (1986) Under the Sun of Satan (1987) Pelle the Conqueror (1988) Sex, Lies, and Videotape (1989) Wild at Heart (1990) Barton Fink (1991) The Best Intentions (1992) Farewell My Concubine (1993) The Piano (1993) Pulp Fiction (1994) Underground (1995) Secrets & Lies (1996) Taste of Cherry (1997) The Eel (1997) Eternity and a Day (1998) Rosetta (1999) Dancer in the Dark (2000) The Son's Room (2001) The Pianist (2002) Elephant (2003) Fahrenheit 9/11 (2004) The Child (2005) The Wind That Shakes the Barley (2006) 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days (2007) The Class (2008) The White Ribbon (2009) Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives (2010) The Tree of Life (2011) Amour (2012) Blue Is the Warmest Colour (2013) Winter Sleep (2014) Dheepan (2015) I, Daniel Blake (2016) The Square (2017) v t e Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Documentary Feature 1990s Crumb (1995) When We Were Kings (1996) 4 Little Girls (1997) Wild Man Blues (1998) Buena Vista Social Club (1999) 2000s The Life and Times of Hank Greenberg (2000) n/a (2001) Bowling for Columbine (2002) Capturing the Friedmans (2003) Fahrenheit 9/11 (2004) March of the Penguins (2005) An Inconvenient Truth (2006) Sicko (2007) Man on Wire (2008) The Cove (2009) 2010s Waiting for "Superman" (2010) George Harrison: Living in the Material World (2011) Searching for Sugar Man (2012) 20 Feet from Stardom (2013) Life Itself (2014) Amy (2015) v t e George W. Bush 43rd President of the United States (2001–2009) 46th Governor of Texas (1995–2000) Owner of the Texas Rangers (1989–1998) Born July 6, 1946 Presidency First inauguration Second inauguration First term Second term Domestic policy Legislation and programs Economic policy Foreign policy International trips Bush Doctrine War in Afghanistan Iraq War Status of Forces Agreement Patriot Act No Child Left Behind Act Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act USA Freedom Corps Department of Homeland Security Space policy Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty "War on Terror" President's Council on Service and Civic Participation award Dismissal of U.S. attorneys controversy Email controversy Judicial appointments Supreme Court controversies Cabinet Pardons Impeachment efforts Life Presidential library Early life Military service controversy (Killian documents controversy and authenticity issues) Professional life Governorship of Texas Prairie Chapel Ranch Bush compound Clinton Bush Haiti Fund Speeches Axis of evil Mission Accomplished State of the Union address 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Elections United States House of Representatives elections, 1978 Texas gubernatorial election 1994 1998 Presidential campaign 2000 2004 Republican Party presidential primaries, 2000 2004 Republican National Convention 2000 2004 United States presidential election, 2000 Bush v. Gore United States presidential election, 2004 Public image Bushisms Nicknames As the subject of books and films Fictionalized portrayals Miss Me Yet? Books A Charge to Keep (1999) Decision Points (2010) 41: A Portrait of My Father (2014) Portraits of Courage (2017) Family Laura Bush (wife) Barbara Pierce Bush (daughter) Jenna Bush Hager (daughter) George H. W. Bush (father presidency) Barbara Bush (mother) Jeb Bush (brother) Neil Bush (brother) Marvin Bush (brother) Dorothy Bush Koch (sister) Prescott Bush (grandfather) George P. Bush (nephew) Barney (dog) Miss Beazley (dog) India (cat) Spot Fetcher (dog) ← Bill Clinton Barack Obama → Book Category v t e Michael Moore Films Roger & Me (1989) Pets or Meat: The Return to Flint (1992) Canadian Bacon (1995) The Big One (1998) Bowling for Columbine (2002) Fahrenheit 9/11 (2004) Sicko (2007) Captain Mike Across America (2007) Slacker Uprising (2008) Capitalism: A Love Story (2009) Where to Invade Next (2015) Michael Moore in TrumpLand (2016) Fahrenheit 11/9 (upcoming) Television TV Nation (episodes) (1994–1995) The Awful Truth (1999–2000) Michael Moore Live (1999) Books Downsize This! Random Threats from an Unarmed American (1996) Adventures in a TV Nation (1998; with Kathleen Glynn) Stupid White Men ...and Other Sorry Excuses for the State of the Nation! (2002) Dude, Where's My Country? (2003) Will They Ever Trust Us Again? (2004) The Official Fahrenheit 9/11 Reader (2004) Mike's Election Guide 2008 (2008) Here Comes Trouble: Stories from My Life (2011) Related Crackers the Corporate Crime Fighting Chicken Fahrenheit 9/11 controversies TrumpiLeaks Traverse City Film Festival Dog Eat Dog Films Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 316754351 GND: 4802230-5 SUDOC: 083061606 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fahrenheit_9/11&oldid=824457434" Categories: 2004 filmsEnglish-language films2000s documentary filmsAmerican documentary filmsAmerican filmsAmerican independent filmsDocumentary films about American politicsDocumentary films about the Iraq WarDocumentary films about the September 11 attacksUnited States presidential election in Florida, 2000Films about Presidents of the United StatesFilms about the United States presidential election, 2000Films directed by Michael MooreFilms shot in IraqPalme d'Or winnersUnited States presidential election, 2004 in popular cultureHidden categories: Pages using citations with accessdate and no URLWebarchive template wayback linksAll articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from March 2012Articles needing additional references from September 2012All articles needing additional referencesArticles with hAudio microformatsAlbum infoboxes lacking a coverWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiers


Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikiquote Languages العربيةAsturianuCatalàČeštinaCymraegDanskDeutschEestiEspañolEuskaraفارسیFrançaisGalego한국어Bahasa IndonesiaItalianoעבריתMagyarМакедонскиNederlands日本語NorskPolskiPortuguêsRomânăРусскийSlovenčinaСрпски / srpskiSuomiSvenskaTürkçeУкраїнськаTiếng Việt中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 7 February 2018, at 13:29. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.560","walltime":"0.673","ppvisitednodes":{"value":4984,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":225646,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":49384,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":22,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":3,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 552.954 1 -total"," 42.03% 232.404 1 Template:Reflist"," 20.03% 110.761 26 Template:Cite_web"," 13.14% 72.638 2 Template:Infobox"," 9.55% 52.815 1 Template:Infobox_film"," 9.31% 51.489 1 Template:Infobox_album"," 7.95% 43.968 1 Template:Navboxes"," 5.43% 30.035 1 Template:IMDb_title"," 5.15% 28.465 8 Template:Cite_news"," 4.67% 25.800 1 Template:Unreferenced_section"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.238","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":6668593,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1263","timestamp":"20180220190808","ttl":3600,"transientcontent":true}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":776,"wgHostname":"mw1263"});});


Fahrenheit_9/11 - Photos and All Basic Informations

Fahrenheit_9/11 More Links

Fahrenheit 11/9Michael MooreMonica HamptonHarvey WeinsteinBob WeinsteinDog Eat Dog FilmsLionsgate FilmsIFC FilmsCannes Film FestivalDocumentary FilmPolitical CommentatorMichael MooreGeorge W. BushWar On TerrorCorporate Media2003 Invasion Of IraqRationale For The Iraq WarCasualties Of The Iraq WarFahrenheit 9/11 ControversiesRay BradburyFahrenheit 451DystopiaAutoignition TemperatureSeptember 11 AttacksTagline2004 Cannes Film FestivalPalme D'OrGeorge W. BushFox News Channel2000 US Presidential ElectionSeptember 11 AttacksThe Pet GoatBush FamilyBin Laden FamilySaudi ArabianTalibanAir National GuardArbusto EnergyJames R. BathWar In Afghanistan (2001-present)Natural GasPacifistUSA PATRIOT ActIraq WarEmbedded JournalistAbu Ghraib Torture And Prisoner AbuseKarbalaNeil YoungRockin' In The Free WorldMel GibsonIcon ProductionsMiramax FilmsWild Bunch (film Company)The Big One (film)The Walt Disney CompanyDisneyWarDrudge ReportMichael EisnerHarvey WeinsteinNC-17Peter Murphy (executive)George J. MitchellDavid BoiesChris LehaneThe New York TimesAri EmanuelKids (film)Dogma (film)Charitable OrganizationLions Gate EntertainmentO (film)Dogma (film)IFC FilmsColumbia TriStar Home EntertainmentMotion Picture Association Of America Film Rating SystemMotion Picture Association Of AmericaPG-13Governor Of New YorkMario CuomoEnlargeLions Gate EntertainmentBowling For ColumbineLiberalism In The United StatesMoveOn.orgUnited Arab EmiratesLebanonEgyptKuwaitSaudi ArabiaIranIran Hostage CrisisBanafsheh Zand-BonazziCubaBootleg RecordingTelevisionAcademy AwardAcademy Of Motion Picture Arts And SciencesRotten TomatoesMetacriticRoger EbertAl GoreEntertainment WeeklyAl-JazeeraDVDVHSWikipedia:Citing SourcesWikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Wikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalIn DemandDish NetworkTVN Entertainment CorporationChannel 4RTL KlubMagyar TelevízióMagyar TelevízióDR (broadcaster)NRKTV One (New Zealand)TVNZNederland 3Kanaal 2BrazilTV CulturaSão Paulo (state)Soundtrack AlbumRecord LabelRhino EntertainmentAllMusicRhino EntertainmentVacation (The Go-Go's Song)The Go-Go'sPaavo JärviEstonian National Symphony OrchestraWe Gotta Get Out Of This PlaceEric BurdonCocaine (song)J. J. CaleShiny Happy PeopleR.E.M.The Magnificent SevenElmer BernsteinFire Water BurnBloodhound GangBelieve It Or Not (song)Joey ScarburyAqualung (song)Jethro Tull (band)Rockin' In The Free WorldNeil YoungEnlargeMichael MoorePalme D'Or2004 Cannes Film FestivalPalme D'Or2004 Cannes Film FestivalCannesStanding OvationJacques-Yves CousteauLouis MalleThe Silent WorldAcademy AwardRepublican Party (United States)FireHollywoodAnti-French Sentiment In The United StatesPeople's Choice AwardDonald RumsfeldCondoleezza Rice25th Golden Raspberry Awards9/11Iraq WarBritney SpearsFahrenheit 9/11 ControversiesUnited States Presidential Election, 2004Christopher HitchensEd KochPropaganda9/11 CommissionJohn KerryLeft-wing PoliticsClaremont McKenna College2004 Presidential Election (United States)Bob WeinsteinHarvey WeinsteinHollywood AccountingBox Office MojoThe New York TimesWashington PostHelp:CS1 ErrorsThe AgeHelp:CS1 ErrorsMetacriticHelp:CS1 ErrorsWayback MachineHelp:CS1 ErrorsWikipedia:Link RotFairfax MediaChristopher HitchensSlate.comEd KochUSA TodayBloomberg BusinessweekJames B. StewartDisneyWarInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-684-80993-1IMDbAllMovieBox Office MojoRotten TomatoesTemplate:Palme D'OrTemplate Talk:Palme D'OrPalme D'OrUnion Pacific (film)Iris And The LieutenantThe Lost Weekend (film)The Red MeadowsBrief EncounterMaría CandelariaNeecha NagarThe Turning Point (1945 Film)La Symphonie Pastorale (film)The Last Chance (1945 Film)Men Without WingsRome, Open CityThe Third ManMiss Julie (1951 Film)Miracle In MilanOthello (1951 Film)Two Cents Worth Of HopeThe Wages Of FearGate Of Hell (film)Marty (film)The Silent WorldFriendly Persuasion (1956 Film)The Cranes Are FlyingBlack OrpheusLa Dolce VitaThe Long AbsenceViridianaO Pagador De PromessasThe Leopard (1963 Film)The Umbrellas Of CherbourgThe Knack ...and How To Get ItA Man And A WomanThe Birds, The Bees And The ItaliansBlowupIf....MASH (film)The Go-Between (1971 Film)The Working Class Goes To HeavenThe Mattei AffairThe HirelingScarecrow (1973 Film)The ConversationChronicle Of The Years Of FireTaxi DriverPadre PadroneThe Tree Of Wooden ClogsApocalypse NowThe Tin Drum (film)All That Jazz (film)KagemushaMan Of IronMissing (1982 Film)YolThe Ballad Of Narayama (1983 Film)Paris, Texas (film)When Father Was Away On BusinessThe Mission (1986 Film)Under The Sun Of Satan (film)Pelle The ConquerorSex, Lies, And VideotapeWild At Heart (film)Barton FinkThe Best IntentionsFarewell My Concubine (film)The PianoPulp FictionUnderground (1995 Film)Secrets & Lies (film)Taste Of CherryThe Eel (film)Eternity And A DayRosetta (film)Dancer In The DarkThe Son's RoomThe Pianist (2002 Film)Elephant (2003 Film)L'Enfant (film)The Wind That Shakes The Barley (film)4 Months, 3 Weeks And 2 DaysThe Class (2008 Film)The White RibbonUncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past LivesThe Tree Of Life (film)Amour (2012 Film)Blue Is The Warmest ColourWinter Sleep (film)DheepanI, Daniel BlakeThe Square (2017 Film)Template:Critics' Choice Movie Award For Best Documentary FeatureTemplate Talk:Critics' Choice Movie Award For Best Documentary FeatureCritics' Choice Movie Award For Best Documentary FeatureCrumb (film)When We Were Kings4 Little GirlsWild Man BluesBuena Vista Social Club (film)The Life And Times Of Hank GreenbergBowling For ColumbineCapturing The FriedmansMarch Of The PenguinsAn Inconvenient TruthSickoMan On WireThe Cove (film)Waiting For "Superman"George Harrison: Living In The Material WorldSearching For Sugar Man20 Feet From StardomLife Itself (film)Amy (2015 Film)Template:George W. BushTemplate Talk:George W. BushGeorge W. BushList Of Presidents Of The United StatesPresident Of The United StatesList Of Governors Of TexasGovernor Of TexasTexas Rangers (baseball)Presidency Of George W. BushFirst Inauguration Of George W. BushSecond Inauguration Of George W. BushGeorge W. Bush's First Term As President Of The United StatesGeorge W. Bush's Second Term As President Of The United StatesDomestic Policy Of The George W. Bush AdministrationList Of George W. Bush Legislation And ProgramsEconomic Policy Of The George W. Bush AdministrationForeign Policy Of The George W. Bush AdministrationList Of International Presidential Trips Made By George W. BushBush DoctrineWar In Afghanistan (2001–2014)U.S.–Iraq Status Of Forces AgreementPatriot ActNo Child Left Behind ActMedicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, And Modernization ActUSA Freedom CorpsUnited States Department Of Homeland SecuritySpace Policy Of The George W. Bush AdministrationStrategic Offensive Reductions TreatyWar On TerrorPresident's Council On Service And Civic ParticipationPresident's Volunteer Service AwardDismissal Of U.S. Attorneys ControversyBush White House Email ControversyList Of Federal Judges Appointed By George W. BushGeorge W. Bush Supreme Court CandidatesGeorge W. Bush Judicial Appointment ControversiesGeorge W. Bush CabinetList Of People Pardoned By George W. BushEfforts To Impeach George W. BushGeorge W. Bush Presidential CenterEarly Life Of George W. BushGeorge W. Bush Military Service ControversyKillian Documents ControversyKillian Documents Authenticity IssuesProfessional Life Of George W. BushGovernorship Of George W. BushPrairie Chapel RanchBush CompoundClinton Bush Haiti FundAxis Of EvilMission Accomplished SpeechState Of The Union Address2002 State Of The Union Address2003 State Of The Union Address2004 State Of The Union Address2005 State Of The Union Address2006 State Of The Union Address2007 State Of The Union Address2008 State Of The Union AddressElectoral History Of George W. BushUnited States House Of Representatives Elections, 1978Texas Gubernatorial Election, 1994Texas Gubernatorial Election, 1998George W. Bush Presidential Campaign, 2000George W. Bush Presidential Campaign, 2004Republican Party Presidential Primaries, 2000Republican Party Presidential Primaries, 20042000 Republican National Convention2004 Republican National ConventionUnited States Presidential Election, 2000Bush V. GoreUnited States Presidential Election, 2004Public Image Of George W. BushBushismList Of Nicknames Used By George W. BushList Of Books And Films About George W. BushFictionalized Portrayals Of George W. BushMiss Me Yet?A Charge To KeepDecision Points41: A Portrait Of My FatherPortraits Of CourageBush FamilyLaura BushBarbara Bush (born 1981)Jenna Bush HagerGeorge H. W. BushPresidency Of George H. W. BushBarbara BushJeb BushNeil BushMarvin BushDorothy Bush KochPrescott BushGeorge P. BushBarney (dog)Miss Beazley (dog)India (cat)Spot FetcherBill ClintonBarack ObamaBook:George W. BushCategory:George W. BushTemplate:Michael MooreTemplate Talk:Michael MooreMichael MooreRoger & MePets Or Meat: The Return To FlintCanadian BaconThe Big One (film)Bowling For ColumbineSickoCaptain Mike Across AmericaSlacker UprisingCapitalism: A Love StoryWhere To Invade NextMichael Moore In TrumpLandFahrenheit 11/9TV NationList Of TV Nation EpisodesThe Awful Truth (TV Series)Michael Moore LiveDownsize This!Adventures In A TV NationStupid White Men ...and Other Sorry Excuses For The State Of The Nation!Dude, Where's My Country?Will They Ever Trust Us Again?Mike's Election Guide 2008Here Comes Trouble: Stories From My LifeCrackers The Corporate Crime Fighting ChickenFahrenheit 9/11 ControversiesTrumpiLeaksTraverse City Film FestivalDog Eat Dog FilmsHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileIntegrated Authority FileSystème Universitaire De DocumentationHelp:CategoryCategory:2004 FilmsCategory:English-language FilmsCategory:2000s Documentary FilmsCategory:American Documentary FilmsCategory:American FilmsCategory:American Independent FilmsCategory:Documentary Films About American PoliticsCategory:Documentary Films About The Iraq WarCategory:Documentary Films About The September 11 AttacksCategory:United States Presidential Election In Florida, 2000Category:Films About Presidents Of The United StatesCategory:Films About The United States Presidential Election, 2000Category:Films Directed By Michael MooreCategory:Films Shot In IraqCategory:Palme D'Or WinnersCategory:United States Presidential Election, 2004 In Popular CultureCategory:Pages Using Citations With Accessdate And No URLCategory:Webarchive Template Wayback LinksCategory:All Articles With Dead External LinksCategory:Articles With Dead External Links From March 2012Category:Articles Needing Additional References From September 2012Category:All Articles Needing Additional ReferencesCategory:Articles With HAudio MicroformatsCategory:Album Infoboxes Lacking A CoverCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



view link view link view link view link view link