Use of establishing shots[edit] Location Establishing shots may use famous landmarks to indicate the city where the action is taking place or has moved to, such as the Brandenburg Gate to identify Berlin, Empire State Building or the Statue of Liberty to identify New York City, the London Eye or Big Ben to identify London, the Sydney Opera House or the Harbour Bridge to identify Sydney, the Hollywood Sign to indicate Los Angeles, the Eiffel Tower and/or the Arc de Triomphe to identify Paris, the Shibuya Scramble Crossing to identify Tokyo, or the Las Vegas Strip to identify Las Vegas.[6] Time of day Sometimes the viewer is guided in their understanding of the action. For example, an exterior shot of a building at night followed by an interior shot of people talking implies that the conversation is taking place at night inside that building - the conversation may in fact have been filmed on a studio set far from the apparent location, because of budget, permits, time limitations or convenience. Relationship An establishing shot might be a long shot of a room that shows all the characters from a particular scene. For example, a scene about a murder in a college lecture hall might begin with a shot that shows the entire room, including the lecturing professor and the students taking notes. A close-up shot can also be used at the beginning of a scene to establish the setting (such as, for the lecture hall scene, a shot of a pencil writing notes). Concept An establishing shot may also establish a concept, rather than a location. For example, opening with a martial arts drill visually establishes the theme of martial arts. A shot of rain falling could be an establishing shot, followed by more and more detailed look at the rain, culminating with individual raindrops falling. A film maker is colluding with their audience to provide a shorthand learned through a common cinematic cultural background.[7]

References[edit] ^ "Film analysis. Part 4: Editing". Yale University. Retrieved 11 April 2010.  ^ "Videography Glossary". Calgary board of education. Retrieved 11 April 2010.  ^ "Shot types". MEDIA Retrieved 11 April 2010.  ^ "Terms Used by Narratology and Film Theory". Purdue University. Retrieved 11 April 2010.  ^ "Glossary". The Art of the Guillotine. Retrieved 11 April 2010.  ^ "CSI and Forensic Realism" (PDF). University of Albany. Retrieved 12 April 2010.  ^ "The Philosophy of Fiction (p.164)". north bank institute. Retrieved 12 April 2010.  v t e Film editing Concept Choreography Synchronization Interaction Attentional control Master shot Parallel cut Technique Blindfolding Clues Cutaway Eyeline match Points of view Multiple exposure Optical illusion Shuffling Split screen Transition Insertion Dialogue Match cut Long shot Insert Timelapsing Jump cut Axial cut Slow motion Other Fast cutting Montage Supercut Storytelling Cut on action Contrast cut Shot reverse shot Flashback / Flashforward Action Smash cut Cross cut Slow cutting Walk and talk Rule 180-degree rule 30-degree rule Term Reaction shot Kuleshov effect Establishing shot Long take Internal rhythm External rhythm Footage B-roll Stock footage Editing Continuity editing Post-classical editing In-camera editing Video editing Linear video editing Non-linear editing system (NLE) Video editing software Offline editing Online editing Vision mixing v t e Cinematic techniques Lighting Background Cameo Fill Flood High-key Key Lens flare Low-key Mood Rembrandt Stage Soft Sound Diegetic Non-diegetic Narration Film score Sound effects Shooting Field size Long / Extreme long / Full American Medium Close-up Italian Two shot Camera placement Perspective Over-the-shoulder Point-of-view (POV) Reverse Trunk Single / multiple-camera setup Camera angle Tilt Aerial High-angle Bird's-eye Crane shot Jib / boom shot Low-angle Worm's-eye view Dutch angle Camera movement Tilting Panning Whip pan Hand-held Shaky Tracking Dolly Steadicam SnorriCam Walk and talk Follow Dolly zoom Lens effects Focus Racking Depth of field Shallow Deep Zooming Other techniques Establishing shot Master shot B-roll Freeze-frame shot Long take Insert v t e Special effects Practical Prosthetic makeup Animatronics Puppetry Creature suit Miniature effect (hanging) Pyrotechnics Aerial rigging (Wire-flying) Squib Matte painting Sugar glass Theatrical blood In-camera Tilted plane focus Forced perspective Schüfftan process Dolly zoom Lens flares Lighting effects Filtration Shutter effects Time-lapse Slow motion Fast motion Speed ramping Bipacks Slit-scan Reverse motion Front projection Rear projection Multiple exposure Infrared photography Bullet time Visual Computer-generated imagery Split screen Stop motion Go motion Chroma key Compositing (digital) Optical printing Introvision Smallgantics Match moving Retrieved from "" Categories: Cinematic techniquesFilm editingTelevision terminologyHidden categories: Use dmy dates from July 2013

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EnlargeThe PentagonFilmmakingTelevision ProductionLong ShotClassical Hollywood CinemaBrandenburg GateBerlinEmpire State BuildingStatue Of LibertyNew York CityLondon EyeBig BenLondonSydney Opera HouseSydney Harbour BridgeSydneyHollywood SignLos AngelesEiffel TowerArc De TriompheParisLas Vegas StripLas Vegas ValleyTemplate:Film EditingTemplate Talk:Film EditingFilm EditingChoreographySynchronizationInteractionAttentional ControlMaster ShotFilm TransitionBlindfoldCutaway (filmmaking)Eyeline MatchPoint-of-view ShotMultiple ExposureOptical IllusionShufflingSplit Screen (video Production)Film TransitionDialogueMatch CutLong ShotInsert (filmmaking)Jump CutAxial CutSlow MotionFast CuttingMontage (filmmaking)SupercutCutting On ActionFilm TransitionShot Reverse ShotFlashback (narrative)FlashforwardSmash CutCross-cuttingSlow CuttingWalk And Talk180-degree Rule30-degree RuleReaction ShotKuleshov EffectLong TakeInternal RhythmExternal RhythmFootageB-rollStock FootageContinuity EditingPost-classical EditingIn-camera EditingVideo EditingLinear Video EditingNon-linear Editing SystemVideo Editing SoftwareOffline EditingOnline EditingVision MixerTemplate:Cinematic TechniquesTemplate Talk:Cinematic TechniquesCinematic TechniquesStage LightingBackground LightCameo LightingFill LightStage Lighting InstrumentHigh-key LightingKey LightLens FlareLow-key LightingMood LightingRembrandt LightingStage LightingSoft LightSoundCinematic TechniquesCinematic TechniquesNarrativeFilm ScoreSound EffectShot (filmmaking)Long ShotAmerican ShotMedium ShotClose-upItalian ShotTwo ShotPerspective (graphical)Over The Shoulder ShotPoint Of View ShotShot Reverse ShotTrunk ShotSingle-camera SetupMultiple-camera SetupCamera AngleTilt (camera)Aerial ShotHigh-angle ShotBird's-eye ViewCrane ShotJib (camera)Boom ShotLow-angle ShotWorm's-eye ViewDutch AngleTilt (camera)Panning (camera)Whip PanHand-held CameraShaky CameraTracking ShotCamera DollySteadicamSnorriCamWalk And TalkFollow ShotDolly ZoomFocus (optics)Racking FocusDepth Of FieldShallow FocusDeep FocusZooming (filmmaking)Master ShotB-rollFreeze-frame ShotLong TakeInsert (filmmaking)Template:Special EffectsTemplate Talk:Special EffectsSpecial EffectPractical EffectProsthetic MakeupAnimatronicsPuppetryCreature SuitMiniature EffectHanging MiniaturePyrotechnicsAerial RiggingWire-flyingSquib (explosive)Matte PaintingSugar GlassTheatrical BloodIn-camera EffectTilted Plane FocusForced PerspectiveSchüfftan ProcessDolly ZoomLens FlareLighting EffectsPhotographic FilterShutter (photography)Time-lapseSlow MotionFast MotionSpeed RampingBipackSlit-scanReverse MotionFront ProjectionRear ProjectionMultiple ExposureInfrared PhotographyBullet TimeVisual EffectsComputer-generated ImagerySplit Screen (filmmaking)Stop MotionGo MotionChroma KeyCompositingDigital CompositingOptical PrinterIntrovisionSmallganticsMatch MovingHelp:CategoryCategory:Cinematic TechniquesCategory:Film EditingCategory:Television TerminologyCategory:Use Dmy Dates From July 2013Discussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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