Contents 1 History 1.1 Early history 1.2 Elmira's formation 1.3 Prisoner-of-war camp 1.4 Elmira economy 1.5 2012 Tornado 1.6 Notable people 2 Geography and climate 3 Demographics 4 City government 4.1 Facts about city government 5 Culture 6 Media 6.1 Newspapers 6.2 Radio 6.3 Television 7 Transportation infrastructure 7.1 Public transportation 7.2 Air transportation 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Early history[edit] This was long an area inhabited by indigenous people. In historic times, it was occupied by the Cayuga nation of the Iroquois Confederacy, also called the Kanawaholla.[3] They had some relations with Europeans and English over fur trading, but were relatively isolated from the encroaching settlements. During the American Revolutionary War, the Sullivan Expedition of 1779 was mounted against the four Iroquois nations who had allied with the British and Loyalist forces. It fought a combined British-Iroquois force at the Battle of Newtown, south of the current city, in which Sullivan and his forces were victorious.[4] After the conclusion of the war, the Iroquois and the new United States made a treaty at Elmira in 1791 to settle territorial disputes in the region.[5] Most of the Seneca emigrated under pressure with the other Iroquois to Canada, where they resettled on land provided by the British Crown. The first European-American settler in Elmira was captain Abraham Miller of the Continental Army. He built a cabin after resigning just before the Revolutionary War. Miller's Pond and Miller Street are named after him and are near the location of his house.[6] Elmira's formation[edit] The New York legislature established the Township of Chemung, now Chemung County, in 1788. The settlement of Newtown was soon established at the intersection of Newtown Creek and the Chemung River. In 1792, the settlement at Newtown joined with the Wisnerburg and DeWittsburg settlements to form the village of Newtown. In 1808, the village officially changed its name to the Town of Elmira, at a town meeting held at Teal's Tavern. It is said the town was named after tavern owner Nathan Teal's young daughter, but that story has never been confirmed. In any case, the City of Elmira, also called "The Queen City", was incorporated in 1864 from part of the town of Elmira and the village of Elmira. The remaining part of the town of Elmira exists still, surrounding the city on the west, north and east. The city and town share an intricately entwined history. According to Amos B. Carpenter's Family History book printed in 1898, Elmira is named after Major General Matthew Carpenter's daughter. This occurred according to the book in 1821 at the constitutional convention to which Matthew was a delegate. Elmira served as a transportation hub for New York's Southern Tier in the 1800s, connecting commercial centers in Rochester and Buffalo with Albany and New York City, via the canal system and railroads. The city was the southern terminus of the Chemung Canal (completed in 1833); later, the Junction Canal was constructed to connect Elmira with Corning, facilitating transport of coal from the Pennsylvania mines via the Northern branch of the Susquehanna Canal system. In 1849, the New York and Erie Railroad was built through Elmira, giving the area a New York City to Buffalo route. In 1850, the Elmira and Jefferson Railroad gave the area a route north and the Elmira and Williamsport Railroad a route south in 1854. This made the city a prime location for an Army training and muster point early in the Civil War. In 1872 the Utica Ithaca and Elmira Railroad was begun, eventually creating a route to Cortland and Syracuse via Horseheads, Breesport and VanEtten. The Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad was completed in 1884, which competed with the Erie's New York City to Buffalo line. Prisoner-of-war camp[edit] A great deal of the 30-acre (120,000 m2) Union installation, known as Camp Rathbun, fell into disuse as the Civil War progressed, and the camp's "Barracks #3" were converted into a Civil War prisoner of war camp in the summer of 1864. The camp, in use from June 6, 1864 until autumn 1865, was dubbed "Hellmira" by its inmates. Towner's history of 1892[full citation needed] and maps from the period indicate the camp occupied a somewhat irregular parallelogram, running about 1,000 feet (300 m) west and approximately the same distance south of a location a couple of hundred feet west of Hoffman Street (Foster Avenue?) and Winsor Avenue, bordered on the south by Foster's Pond more or less, on the north bank of the Chemung River. In the months the site was used as a camp, 12,123 Confederate soldiers were incarcerated; of these, 2,963 died during their stay from a combination of malnutrition, prolonged exposure to brutal winter weather and disease directly attributable to the dismal sanitary conditions on Foster's Pond and lack of medical care. The camp's dead were prepared for burial and laid to rest by the sexton at Woodlawn National Cemetery, ex-slave John W. Jones. At the end of the war, each prisoner was given a loyalty oath and given a train ticket back home; the last prisoner left the camp on September 27, 1865. The camp was closed, demolished and converted to farmland. Woodlawn Cemetery, about 2 miles (3 km) north of the original prison camp site (bounded by West Hill, Bancroft, Davis and Mary Streets), was designated a "National Cemetery" in 1877. The prison camp site is today a residential area. As Elmira grew, so did the citizens' concern about increased crime after the end of the war; the idea of constructing a reformatory within the city had been discussed for some years. Finally, lands on which the present-day Elmira Correctional Facility resides, approximately 280 acres (1.1 km2) in all (north of Bancroft across the street from Woodlawn Cemetery), were purchased in 1869 and 1870 by the state legislature, specifically for construction of the reformatory and an armory. These lay within the boundaries of the town of Elmira, rather than the city. Around the same time, Dr. Eldwin Eldridge purchased a large tract of wilderness (~ 100 acres (0.4 km2)) with a small pond, also within the township and developed it into a fabulous garden spot. His sudden death in 1876 put paid to his plans to develop the land further. After his death, Dr. Eldridge's estate granted access to the parkland to Elmira residents and tourists. In 1889, the city purchased the land, calling it Eldridge Park in the doctor's honor. The park this time held a nearly 15-acre (61,000 m2) lake in its center, along with marble statuary, flower gardens, fountains, driving and walking paths and a labyrinth. In 1890, along with Eldridge Park, the reformatory and armory, the city added a well-populated area known as "Carr's Corners", an area bounded by Hoffman, West Hill and Hillcrest (old Carr Road) - and appears to include the residential area around and to the south of Woodlawn National Cemetery.[citation needed]. Elmira economy[edit] In 1950, the population of the City of Elmira peaked at about 50,000, which represented 57 percent of Chemung County’s total population at that time. Today, the City has approximately 30,000 residents, which represents 34 percent of Chemung County’s total population. This population decline is due to the national decline in railroads and manufacturing as well as a population shift to the outer suburbs around Elmira. The Elmira Metro area has nearly 100,000 in population. The population decline began during the recession of the early 1970s during which several large employers (Ann Page, American Bridge, General Electric, American LaFrance, Westinghouse and Remington Rand) either closed their factories or moved to other states. The decline was exacerbated by the flood of 1972, during which many of the downtown businesses and single-family homes were destroyed or replaced by subsequent Urban Renewal projects in the Chemung River flood plain. Today, the primary manufacturing employers are: Anchor Glass Container Corporation,[7] headquartered in Tampa, Florida, is located in the old Thatcher Glass facility in Elmira Heights. Anchor Glass produces a diverse line of flint, amber, green and other colored glass containers of various types and designs for the beer, food, beverage and liquor markets in North America. Anchor Glass is now wholly owned by the Ardagh Group S.A..[8] CAF-USA Inc[9] has its main U.S. plant in Elmira Heights on the site of the former American Bridge Company. CAF USA is a subsidiary company of Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, a Spanish manufacturer of passenger rail products (including trains, high-speed trains, locomotives, light rail vehicles and other rail equipment). CAF-USA Inc trains are typically designed for North America's market, based on Spanish design and technologies. Elmira Heat Treating,[10] established in 1962 and located in Elmira, offers a wide variety of heat treatment technologies to both domestic and international customers such as Hilliard Corp., Ford Motors, General Signal and others. Hardinge, Inc. (formerly Hardinge Brothers),[11] established in 1890 and now headquartered in Elmira, manufactures precise turning machines for the domestic and international market. Starting in 1995, Hardinge began expanding their product line and over the years has acquired L. Kellenberger & Co. AG,[12] Hauser-Tripet-Tschudin AG,[13] Jones & Shipman,[14] and Usach Technologies, Inc.[15] In 2004 they also acquired Bridgeport,[16] world-famous for its milling machines and machining centers. Hilliard Corporation,[17] established in 1905, has two locations in Elmira and serves the international market in filters, brakes, clutches and starters for a variety of industrial and commercial uses as well as consumer equipment from Polaris and MTD.[18] Kennedy Valve,[19] located in Elmira since 1905, is one of the world's largest manufacturers of products for waterworks distribution, potable and wastewater treatment, and fire protection system projects. They are most famous for their fire hydrants which can be found around the world. Kennedy Valve was acquired by McWane in 1925.[20] Trayer Products,[21] established in 1929, is located in Elmira and manufactures parts mostly for the heavy truck industry; primarily truck chassis parts such as king pins and shackles. 2012 Tornado[edit] On July 26, 2012, an EF1 tornado touched down near Cottage Drive off of Route 352 and traveled through Golden Glow and the rest of the city. Moderate damage was seen after the storm passed and hundreds of trees and power lines were blown down. No one was injured. The tornado was 0.5 miles (0.80 km) wide and took the city by surprise as this area has not been prone to tornadic activity. Notable people[edit] Tedd Arnold, author and illustrator[22] John Arnot, Jr., politician, Civil War soldier[23] Charlie Baker, Governor of Massachusetts[24] Ray W. Barker, Major General, US Army[25] James R. Beckwith, Wisconsin state assembly[26] Olivia "Livy" Langdon Clemens, wife of Mark Twain[27] Chip Coffey, psychic, television personality[28] Frederick Collin, lawyer, judge, Mayor of Elmira[29] Eileen Collins, astronaut[30] Harriet Maxwell Converse, author, folklorist, Native American civil rights advocate Clara Cook, All-American Girls Professional Baseball League player[31] Ernie Davis, football player, first African-American Heisman Trophy winner (1961)[32] Alexander S. Diven, former US Army officer and Congressman Cullen Douglas, actor and screenwriter Stan Drulia, ice hockey player and coach[33] Jacob Sloat Fassett, politician[34] Clyde Fitch, playwright[35] Thomas S. Flood, former US Congressman Dan Forrest, Jr., composer John Franchi, mixed martial arts fighter Henry Friendly, judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit[36] Joshua Furnas, athlete, entrepreneur, advocate[37][38] Charles Tomlinson Griffes, composer[39] Sam Groom, actor Jason Butler Harner, actor Bud Heine, former MLB player Lewis Henry, former US Congressman Bruce Heyman, U.S. Ambassador to Canada Tommy Hilfiger, fashion designer[40] Molly Huddle, Olympic runner[41] John W. Jones, underground railroad agent[42] Matt Knowles, pro wrestler Warren D. Leary, Wisconsin State Assemblyman and newspaper publisher[43] Kirt Manwaring, former Major League Baseball player[44] Charles Thomas McMillen, basketball player, politician[45] William P. Perry, producer and composer[46] Aurora Phelps, land reformer, labor leader, women's rights advocate[47] Beth Phoenix, wrestler Jeanine Pirro, politician, television judge Jeff Plate, drummer for Trans-Siberian Orchestra Hal Roach, film producer[48] Jane Roberts, writer and psychic Hosea H. Rockwell, former US Congressman Francis Asbury Roe, naval officer Alice J. Shaw, whistling performer in vaudeville Joey Sindelar, pro golfer[49] Horace B. Smith, former US Congressman Joel Dorman Steele, educator, writer[50] John Surratt, son of Mary Surratt Art Sykes, boxer Mark Twain, writer[51] Asher Tyler, former US Congressman Lewis Sayre Van Duzer, US Navy officer John Joseph Wantuck, US Marine awarded Navy Cross [52] Bob Waterfield, college and pro football player, husband of actress Jane Russell[53] Brian Williams, television news anchor[54] Jason Wise, actor Don Zimmer, Major League Baseball player and manager[55]

Geography and climate[edit] Elmira is at 42°5′23″N 76°48′34″W / 42.08972°N 76.80944°W / 42.08972; -76.80944 (42.089874, −76.809559).[56] The Chemung River at Elmira According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 7.6 sq mi (19.6 km2), of which, 7.3 sq mi (19.0 km2) of it is land and 0.27 sq mi (0.7 km2) of it (3.56%) is water. The Chemung River flows eastward through the city. Elmira is built almost entirely in the flood plain of the Chemung River and has suffered many floods, the worst from Hurricane Agnes in 1972. Newtown Creek, flowing from the north, joins the Chemung River at the city's southeast corner. Interstate 86/New York State Route 17, The Southern Tier Expressway, connects with the city at Exit 56. New York State Route 14 passes through Elmira between Watkins Glen and Pennsylvania. New York State Route 13 begins near Lake Ontario and travels through Cortland and Ithaca before ending in Elmira. New York State Route 352 begins in Elmira at Exit 56 of the Southern Tier Expressway and continues West into Corning. Climate data for Elmira, New York (1981–2010 normals) Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 72 (22) 70 (21) 86 (30) 93 (34) 96 (36) 102 (39) 104 (40) 102 (39) 107 (42) 93 (34) 87 (31) 69 (21) 107 (42) Average high °F (°C) 32.9 (0.5) 35.8 (2.1) 44.4 (6.9) 57.9 (14.4) 69.7 (20.9) 78.2 (25.7) 82.3 (27.9) 80.8 (27.1) 73.1 (22.8) 60.7 (15.9) 48.8 (9.3) 37.2 (2.9) 58.5 (14.7) Average low °F (°C) 15.1 (−9.4) 16.5 (−8.6) 22.7 (−5.2) 33.6 (0.9) 43.0 (6.1) 52.8 (11.6) 57.3 (14.1) 55.7 (13.2) 48.1 (8.9) 36.9 (2.7) 29.9 (−1.2) 20.9 (−6.2) 36.0 (2.2) Record low °F (°C) −24 (−31) −21 (−29) −10 (−23) 6 (−14) 21 (−6) 32 (0) 40 (4) 31 (−1) 23 (−5) 15 (−9) 3 (−16) −16 (−27) −24 (−31) Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.95 (49.5) 1.88 (47.8) 2.68 (68.1) 3.10 (78.7) 3.08 (78.2) 4.27 (108.5) 3.73 (94.7) 3.63 (92.2) 3.49 (88.6) 3.08 (78.2) 3.01 (76.5) 2.35 (59.7) 36.25 (920.8) Average snowfall inches (cm) 10.9 (27.7) 9.8 (24.9) 9.6 (24.4) 1.3 (3.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) .2 (0.5) 2.4 (6.1) 7.6 (19.3) 41.8 (106.2) Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11.6 9.6 10.9 12.5 13.0 12.8 11.7 11.0 10.7 11.4 11.5 11.2 137.9 Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 6.3 5.2 3.6 .7 0 0 0 0 0 .1 1.4 4.1 21.4 Source: NOAA (extremes 1894–present)[57]

Demographics[edit] Historical population Census Pop. %± 1870 15,863 — 1880 20,541 29.5% 1890 30,893 50.4% 1900 35,672 15.5% 1910 37,176 4.2% 1920 45,993 23.7% 1930 47,397 3.1% 1940 45,106 −4.8% 1950 49,716 10.2% 1960 46,517 −6.4% 1970 39,945 −14.1% 1980 35,327 −11.6% 1990 33,724 −4.5% 2000 30,940 −8.3% 2010 29,200 −5.6% Est. 2016 27,962 [2] −4.2% U.S. Decennial Census[58] As of the census[59] of 2000, there were 30,940 people, 11,475 households, and 6,701 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,229.5 people per square mile (1,632.0/km²). There were 12,895 housing units at an average density of 1,762.7 per square mile (680.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.03% White, 13.05% Black or African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.37% from other races, and 2.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.14% of the population. There were 11,475 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.3% were married couples living together, 18.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.6% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.05. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 13.0% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,292, and the median income for a family was $33,592. Males had a median income of $31,775 versus $22,350 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,495. About 17.9% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.6% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over. The Elmira Metropolitan Statistical Area (or Elmira MSA) is frequently used for statistical information such as labor rates and includes all of Chemung County with a population in 2000 of 90,070. The Elmira MSA was ranked as the 59th safest place to live out of 344 Metro Areas in 2005 by Morgan Quitno Press.[60] The three largest ethnic groups in Elmira are Irish, German and Italian.[61]

City government[edit] Mayors of Elmira Mayor Party Term Daniel J. Mandell R 2016–present Susan J. Skidmore D 2012–2015 John S. Tonello D 2006–2011 J. William O'Brien D 3/2005-2006 Stephen M. Hughes D 1998-2/2005 Howard F. Townsend R 1994–1997 James E. Hare D 1988–1993 Stephen J. Fesh Jr. R 1984–1987 Mary P. Ciccariello D 1982–1983 Robert G. Densberger R 1980–1981 John M. Kennedy D 1976–1979 Richard C. Loll R 1972–1975 Edward T. Lagonegro D 1968–1971 Howard H. Kimball R 1966–1967 Edward T. Lagonegro D 1962–1965 Edward A. Mooers R 1956–1961 Emory Strachen R 1940–1955 J. Maxwell Beers R 1936–1939 Henry W. Honan D 1934–1935 W. Glenn Sweet R 1932–1933 Frank P. Robinson D 1930–1931 David N. Heller D 1926–1929 J. Norton Wood R 1922–1925 George W. Peck D 1920–1921 Harry N. Hoffman - 1914–1919 Daniel Sheehan D 1908–1913 Z. Reed Brockway - 1906–1907 William T. Coleman R 1904–1905 Daniel Sheehan - 1902–1903 Frank H. Flood - 1900–1901 Edgar Denton De 1898–1899 Frederick Collin - 1894–1897 David C. Robinson D 1892–1894 Charles S. Davison D 1888–1892 John B. Stanchfield D 1886–1888 Henry Flood - 1884–1886 Stephen T. Arnot D 1883–1884 David B. Hill D 1882–1883 Alexander Diven R 1880–1882 Granville D. Parsons - 1878–1880 Robert T. Turner - 1876–1878 Howard M. Smith - 1875–1876 Luther Caldwell - 1873–1874 Patrick H. Flood - 1872–1873 John Arnot, Jr. D 1870–1871 Stephen McDonald - 1868–1870 Eaton N. Frisbie - 1867–1868 John I. Nicks R 1865–1867 John Arnot, Jr. D 1864–1865 * Source: City Clerk of the City of Elmira [2] The city government is a Council-Manager form of government in which the City Manager is the primary administrator of the City. There is one mayor elected at large and six council members elected from each of six council districts. The term of office of the mayor and councilmembers was 2 years until a referendum passed in 2003 extended the terms to 4 years (4 year terms began after the 2007 election). The mayor and councilmembers are all part-time employees. The City Manager, City Clerk, City Chamberlain, City Assessor, and Corporation Counsel are all appointed by the City Council. All remaining department heads serve at the request of the City Manager. The city has 125 miles (201 km) of road, 210 miles (340 km) of water lines, and 175 miles (282 km) of sewer lines. There are four ZIP codes in the City of Elmira: 14901 (northside), 14902 (downtown), 14904 (southside), and 14905 (West Elmira). Facts about city government[edit] The city police department employs approximately 81 full-time officers. The city fire department employs approximately 60 full-time firefighters and officers. The city animal shelter has a goal to become by 2007 a no-kill animal shelter based on a model by Tompkins County Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. The city received $1.4 million in Community Development Block Grant funds and $368,000 in HOME funds in FY2006-2007 from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. These funds are used for programs and projects for low-moderate income families and neighborhood blocks. The City of Elmira has more than 20 parks including Eldridge Park with a walking trail, restored carousel, skateboard park, and fishing lake and Wisner Park with memorials to veterans from World War I, World War II, the Vietnam War and the Fallen Officers Memorial. The City Manager of the City of Elmira is currently [3] P. Michael Collins. Naming rights to the Millers Pond Park were obtained by J. Howard "Buzz" Miller, an early-20th century benevolent industrialist, when his horse "Mumbo Jumbo" won a 1912 race at the Tioga Downs horse track. The Chief of Police is currently [4] Joseph Kane.

Culture[edit] The City Slogan is "Honoring the Past, Building the Future". It is featured on an Entrance sign erected in 2003 into the City from Exit 56 of the Southern Tier Expressway along with other honored Elmirans including (L to R) Brian Williams, Hal Roach, Ernie Davis, Mark Twain, Eileen Collins, John Jones, and Tommy Hilfiger. The slogan was designated by Mayor Stephen Hughes following the conclusion of a slogan contest in which Marlin Stewart, Alan and Barbara Hutchinson, and James Lloyd were recognized for their contributions to the winning slogan. On at least two hilltops near the city (mostly on Harris Hill to the northwest) pioneer pilots established the sport of gliding in America. Harris Hill is the site of the National Soaring Museum. These sites are now recognized as National Landmarks of Soaring. Dunn Field is a baseball stadium located along the banks of the Chemung River on the south side. The Elmira Pioneers play at Dunn Field. Famous players and managers that have played or managed at Dunn Field include Babe Ruth, Earl Weaver, Don Zimmer, Wade Boggs, and Curt Schilling. Elmira College is located in the city. The Clemens Center is a concert and theater center named after Samuel Clemens, (Mark Twain). The Arnot Art Museum is located in the downtown Civic-Historic District. The recently restored Eldridge Park Carousel began operation in May 2006 and is the fastest carousel in the world, spinning at 18 miles per hour. [5] Woodlawn Cemetery and Woodlawn National Cemetery are both located in the City of Elmira in the Northwest sector. Mark Twain and his family are buried in Woodlawn Cemetery. The First Arena was built in Elmira in 2000 (originally opened as the Coach USA Center). From 2000 to 2017 it was home of the Elmira Jackals hockey franchise, before they disbanded in 2017.[62] It currently is used for concerts and small hockey events. The John Brand Jr. House, John Brand Sr. House, Buildings at 104-116 West Water St., Chemung Canal Bank Building, Chemung County Courthouse Complex, Clinton–Columbia Historic District, Elmira Civic Historic District, Elmira Coca-Cola Bottling Company Works, Elmira College Old Campus, Emmanuel Episcopal Church, Erste Deutsche Evangelische Kirche, Alexander Eustace House, Fire Station No. 4, William S. Gerity House, F. M. Howell and Company, John W. Jones House, Maple Avenue Historic District, Near Westside Historic District, Newtown Battlefield State Park, Park Church, Pentecostal Holy Temple Church of Jesus Christ, Pratt House, Quarry Farm, St. Patrick's Parochial Residence-Convent and School, Trinity Church, and Woodlawn Cemetery and Woodlawn National Cemetery are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[63][64][65][66]

Media[edit] Newspapers[edit] Star-Gazette, daily morning newspaper owned by Gannett Co. Inc. It was Gannett's first newspaper. Chemung Valley Reporter, weekly newspaper based in nearby Horseheads Radio[edit] WLVY WNKI WPHD WELM WEHH WPIE (studio in Elmira, tower in Trumansburg) WOKN WKPQ / WHHO (studio in Hornell) WLEA / WCKR (studio in Hornell) WECW (Elmira College Student-Run Radio Station) WMTT WENI-FM Television[edit] WETM 18 (NBC) WSKA 30 (PBS, simulcast of WSKG-TV) (licensed to Corning, with which Elmira shares TV market) WENY-TV 36 (ABC on DT1/CBS on DT2/CW on DT3 through The CW Plus) (studio in Horseheads, licensed to Elmira) WJKP-LD 39 (MyNetworkTV) (studio and license in Corning, with which Elmira shares TV market) WYDC 48 (FOX) (studio and license in Corning, with which Elmira shares TV market)

Transportation infrastructure[edit] Public transportation[edit] The Chemung County Transit System operates regularly scheduled fixed route service within the City of Elmira and Village of Horseheads. Another route links Elmira with Corning Community College, also linking passengers with the Steuben County Transit System (SCT) and Corning Erwin Area Transit System (CEATS). Air transportation[edit] The Elmira Corning Regional Airport (IATA code ELM, ICAO code KELM) is a medium-size regional airport, and the only area airport that offers scheduled airline service. Located 7 miles (11 km) northwest of downtown, the airport has non-stop flights to Detroit on Delta Air Lines and two routes to Florida on Allegiant Air.

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Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.  ^ Woodhouse, Mark. "Mark Twain and Elmira" (PDF). New York State Archives. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-06.  ^ This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here. ^ "Bob Waterfield". Retrieved 8 November 2016.  ^ Brian Williams. (2013). The Biography Channel website. Retrieved 04:14, Sep 12, 2013, from ^ "Ballparks of the PGCBL: Dunn Field". Retrieved 8 November 2016.  ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-03-27.  ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. 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External links[edit] New York portal Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Elmira. City of Elmira website Chemung County Chamber of Commerce Tri-Counties Genealogy & History: Town & City of Elmira, Chemung County NY Union Civil War Prison at Elmira John W. Jones Museum v t e Municipalities and communities of Chemung County, New York, United States County seat: Elmira City Elmira Towns Ashland Baldwin Big Flats Catlin Chemung Elmira Erin Horseheads Southport Van Etten Veteran Villages Elmira Heights Horseheads Millport Van Etten Wellsburg CDPs Big Flats Breesport Erin Horseheads North Pine Valley Southport West Elmira Hamlets Lowman v t e  State of New York Albany (capital) Topics Bibliography Demographics Economy Education Geography History Healthcare Museums Music Nickname Parks People Politics Sports Symbols Transportation Tourist attractions Politics Administrative divisions Congressional districts Constitution Elections Government Law Regions Adirondack Mountains Allegheny Plateau Capital District Catskill Mountains Central Region (formerly Central-Leatherstocking) Central New York Champlain Valley New York City Finger Lakes Holland Purchase Hudson Highlands Hudson Valley Long Island Mohawk Valley Niagara Frontier North Country Ridge and Valley Saint Lawrence Seaway Shawangunks Ski country Southern Tier Southtowns Tech Valley Thousand Islands Tug Hill Upstate Western Metro areas Albany / Schenectady / Troy Binghamton Buffalo / Niagara Falls Elmira / Corning Glens Falls Ithaca Kingston New York City Rochester Syracuse Utica / Rome Watertown Counties Albany Allegany Bronx Broome Cattaraugus Cayuga Chautauqua Chemung Chenango Clinton Columbia Cortland Delaware Dutchess Erie Essex Franklin Fulton Genesee Greene Hamilton Herkimer Jefferson Kings Lewis Livingston Madison Monroe Montgomery Nassau New York Niagara Oneida Onondaga Ontario Orange Orleans Oswego Otsego Putnam Queens Rensselaer Richmond Rockland Saint Lawrence Saratoga Schenectady Schoharie Schuyler Seneca Steuben Suffolk Sullivan Tioga Tompkins Ulster Warren Washington Wayne Westchester Wyoming Yates Places Cities Towns Indian reservations Villages Census-designated places Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 240454771 GND: 4278661-7 BNF: cb14500960x (data) Retrieved from ",_New_York&oldid=826574521" Categories: Cities in New York (state)County seats in New York (state)Elmira, New YorkPopulated places established in 1791Cities in Chemung County, New York1791 establishments in New York (state)Hidden categories: Webarchive template archiveis linksWikipedia articles incorporating text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting ShipsArticles needing additional references from January 2015All articles needing additional referencesCoordinates on WikidataArticles needing more detailed referencesAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from February 2007Pages using div col without cols and colwidth parametersWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiers

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SmithJoel Dorman SteeleJohn SurrattMary SurrattArt SykesMark TwainAsher TylerLewis Sayre Van DuzerJohn Joseph WantuckNavy Cross (United States)Bob WaterfieldJane RussellBrian WilliamsJason WiseDon ZimmerEnlargeChemung RiverUnited States Census BureauChemung RiverHurricane AgnesInterstate 86 (east)New York State Route 17Southern Tier ExpresswayNew York State Route 14Watkins Glen, New YorkPennsylvaniaNew York State Route 13Lake OntarioCortland, New YorkIthaca, New YorkNew York State Route 352Southern Tier ExpresswayCorning (city), New YorkPrecipitation1870 United States Census1880 United States Census1890 United States Census1900 United States Census1910 United States Census1920 United States Census1930 United States Census1940 United States Census1950 United States Census1960 United States Census1970 United States Census1980 United States Census1990 United States Census2000 United States Census2010 United States CensusCensusPopulation DensityWhite (U.S. Census)African American (U.S. Census)Race (United States Census)Native American (U.S. Census)Asian (U.S. Census)Pacific Islander (U.S. Census)Race (United States Census)Hispanic (U.S. Census)Latino (U.S. Census)MarriagePer Capita IncomePoverty LineChemung CountyMorgan QuitnoRepublican Party (United States)Democratic Party (United States)Republican Party (United States)John B. StanchfieldDavid B. HillAlexander DivenJohn Arnot, Jr.John I. NicksJohn Arnot, Jr.Council-ManagerNo Kill MovementTompkins CountySociety For The Prevention Of Cruelty To AnimalsCommunity Development Block GrantU.S. Department Of Housing And Urban DevelopmentBrian WilliamsHal RoachErnie DavisMark TwainEileen CollinsJohn W. Jones (ex-slave)Tommy HilfigerNational Soaring MuseumNational Landmark Of SoaringDunn Field (Elmira)Chemung RiverElmira PioneersElmira CollegeClemens CenterArnot Art MuseumEldridge ParkWoodlawn Cemetery (Elmira, New York)Woodlawn National CemeteryFirst ArenaJohn Brand Jr. HouseJohn Brand Sr. HouseBuildings At 104-116 West Water St.Chemung Canal Bank BuildingChemung County Courthouse ComplexClinton–Columbia Historic DistrictElmira Civic Historic DistrictElmira Coca-Cola Bottling Company WorksElmira College Old CampusEmmanuel Episcopal Church (Elmira, New York)Erste Deutsche Evangelische KircheAlexander Eustace HouseFire Station No. 4 (Elmira, New York)William S. Gerity HouseF. M. Howell And CompanyJohn W. 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