Contents 1 Etymology 2 Geography 2.1 Climate 2.1.1 Records 2.2 Earthquakes 3 Major cities 4 History 4.1 Native Americans 4.2 Colonial and Revolutionary eras 4.3 Northwest Territory: 1787–1803 4.4 Statehood: 1803–present 5 Demographics 5.1 Population 5.2 Birth data 5.3 Ancestry 5.4 Languages 5.5 Religion 6 Economy 7 Transportation 7.1 Ground travel 7.2 Air travel 7.3 Transportation lists 8 Law and government 8.1 Executive branch 8.2 Judicial branch 8.3 Legislative branch 8.4 National politics 9 Education 9.1 Colleges and universities 9.2 Libraries 10 Culture 10.1 Arts 10.2 Sports 10.2.1 Professional sports teams 10.2.2 Individual sports 10.2.3 College sports 11 State symbols 12 See also 13 Notes 14 References 15 External links

Etymology Ohio derives from Seneca (an Iroquois language) as their name for the Ohio River/ Alleghany River, Ohi:yo. This is pronounced "Oh-hee-yoh," with the i sound being held an extra second. Folk etymology claims that this translates as "Beautiful River," however it appears that the word can be broken down as "O-" (pronoun prefix. Translates as "it" & implies that whatever is about to follow it is considered a permanent condition of the item), "Hih" (verb. to spill) & "Gihedenyo" (noun. creek, stream).[28] That being said, the most sensible translation ought to be "Continuously-spilling Creek," or "Continuously-giving creek." The word for creek is used instead of river, since it still flows into a larger river, the Mississippi. The common accent of Ohio shifts regularly, so there are multiple different accepted ways of saying Ohio that have been common throughout the last century, such as "Oh-hai-yuh," "Uh-hai-yoh," & "Uh-hai-yuh." The most recent shift that is beginning to surface sounds something along the lines of "wh-hai-yuh."[citation needed]

Geography Further information: List of Ohio counties, List of cities in Ohio, List of villages in Ohio, List of Ohio townships, Ohio public lands, and List of lakes in Ohio Ohio's geographic location has proven to be an asset for economic growth and expansion. Because Ohio links the Northeast to the Midwest, much cargo and business traffic passes through its borders along its well-developed highways. Ohio has the nation's 10th largest highway network, and is within a one-day drive of 50% of North America's population and 70% of North America's manufacturing capacity.[29] To the north, Lake Erie gives Ohio 312 miles (502 km) of coastline,[30] which allows for numerous cargo ports. Ohio's southern border is defined by the Ohio River (with the border being at the 1792 low-water mark on the north side of the river),[31] and much of the northern border is defined by Lake Erie. Ohio's neighbors are Pennsylvania to the east, Michigan to the northwest, Lake Erie to the north, Indiana to the west, Kentucky on the south, and West Virginia on the southeast. Ohio's borders were defined by metes and bounds in the Enabling Act of 1802 as follows: Bounded on the east by the Pennsylvania line, on the south by the Ohio River, to the mouth of the Great Miami River, on the west by the line drawn due north from the mouth of the Great Miami aforesaid, and on the north by an east and west line drawn through the southerly extreme of Lake Michigan, running east after intersecting the due north line aforesaid, from the mouth of the Great Miami until it shall intersect Lake Erie or the territorial line, and thence with the same through Lake Erie to the Pennsylvania line aforesaid. The Ohio coast of Lake Erie. Ohio is bounded by the Ohio River, but nearly all of the river itself belongs to Kentucky and West Virginia. In 1980, the U.S. Supreme Court held that, based on the wording of the cessation of territory by Virginia (which at that time included what is now Kentucky and West Virginia), the boundary between Ohio and Kentucky (and, by implication, West Virginia) is the northern low-water mark of the river as it existed in 1792.[31] Ohio has only that portion of the river between the river's 1792 low-water mark and the present high-water mark. The border with Michigan has also changed, as a result of the Toledo War, to angle slightly northeast to the north shore of the mouth of the Maumee River. Much of Ohio features glaciated till plains, with an exceptionally flat area in the northwest being known as the Great Black Swamp. This glaciated region in the northwest and central state is bordered to the east and southeast first by a belt known as the glaciated Allegheny Plateau, and then by another belt known as the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau. Most of Ohio is of low relief, but the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau features rugged hills and forests. Physical geography of Ohio. The rugged southeastern quadrant of Ohio, stretching in an outward bow-like arc along the Ohio River from the West Virginia Panhandle to the outskirts of Cincinnati, forms a distinct socio-economic unit. Geologically similar to parts of West Virginia and southwestern Pennsylvania, this area's coal mining legacy, dependence on small pockets of old manufacturing establishments, and distinctive regional dialect set this section off from the rest of the state. In 1965 the United States Congress passed the Appalachian Regional Development Act, at attempt to "address the persistent poverty and growing economic despair of the Appalachian Region."[32] This act defines 29 Ohio counties as part of Appalachia.[33] While 1/3 of Ohio's land mass is part of the federally defined Appalachian region, only 12.8% of Ohioans live there (1.476 million people.)[34] Map of Ohio. Significant rivers within the state include the Cuyahoga River, Great Miami River, Maumee River, Muskingum River, and Scioto River. The rivers in the northern part of the state drain into the northern Atlantic Ocean via Lake Erie and the St. Lawrence River, and the rivers in the southern part of the state drain into the Gulf of Mexico via the Ohio River and then the Mississippi. The worst weather disaster in Ohio history occurred along the Great Miami River in 1913. Known as the Great Dayton Flood, the entire Miami River watershed flooded, including the downtown business district of Dayton. As a result, the Miami Conservancy District was created as the first major flood plain engineering project in Ohio and the United States.[35] Grand Lake St. Marys in the west central part of the state was constructed as a supply of water for canals in the canal-building era of 1820–1850. For many years this body of water, over 20 square miles (52 km2), was the largest artificial lake in the world. Ohio's canal-building projects were not the economic fiasco that similar efforts were in other states. Some cities, such as Dayton, owe their industrial emergence to location on canals, and as late as 1910 interior canals carried much of the bulk freight of the state. Climate Köppen climate types in Ohio The climate of Ohio is a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa/Dfb) throughout most of the state except in the extreme southern counties of Ohio's Bluegrass region section which are located on the northern periphery of the humid subtropical climate (Cfa) and Upland South region of the United States. Summers are typically hot and humid throughout the state, while winters generally range from cool to cold. Precipitation in Ohio is moderate year-round. Severe weather is not uncommon in the state, although there are typically fewer tornado reports in Ohio than in states located in what is known as the Tornado Alley. Severe lake effect snowstorms are also not uncommon on the southeast shore of Lake Erie, which is located in an area designated as the Snowbelt. Although predominantly not in a subtropical climate, some warmer-climate flora and fauna does reach well into Ohio. For instance, a number of trees with more southern ranges, such as the blackjack oak, Quercus marilandica, are found at their northernmost in Ohio just north of the Ohio River. Also evidencing this climatic transition from a subtropical to continental climate, several plants such as the Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora), Albizia julibrissin (mimosa), Crape Myrtle, and even the occasional Needle Palm are hardy landscape materials regularly used as street, yard, and garden plantings in the Bluegrass region of Ohio; but these same plants will simply not thrive in much of the rest of the State. This interesting change may be observed while traveling through Ohio on Interstate 75 from Cincinnati to Toledo; the observant traveler of this diverse state may even catch a glimpse of Cincinnati's common wall lizard, one of the few examples of permanent "subtropical" fauna in Ohio. Average daily maximum and minimum temperatures for selected cities in Ohio[36] Location July (°F) July (°C) January (°F) January (°C) Columbus 85/65 29/18 36/22 2/–5 Cleveland 82/64 28/18 34/21 1/–5 Cincinnati 86/66 30/19 39/23 3/–5 Toledo 84/62 29/17 32/18 0/–7 Akron 82/62 28/16 33/19 0/–7 Dayton 87/67 31/19 36/22 2/–5 Canton 82/62 28/16 33/19 1/–7 Records The highest recorded temperature was 113 °F (45 °C), near Gallipolis on July 21, 1934.[37] The lowest recorded temperature was −39 °F (−39 °C), at Milligan on February 10, 1899,[38] during the Great Blizzard of 1899.[39] Earthquakes Although few have registered as noticeable to the average resident, more than 30 earthquakes occurred in Ohio between 2002 and 2007, and more than 200 quakes with a magnitude of 2.0 or higher have occurred since 1776.[40] The most substantial known earthquake in Ohio history was the Anna (Shelby County) earthquake,[41] which occurred on March 9, 1937. It was centered in western Ohio, and had a magnitude of 5.4, and was of intensity VIII.[42] Other significant earthquakes in Ohio include:[43] one of magnitude 4.8 near Lima on September 19, 1884;[44] one of magnitude 4.2 near Portsmouth on May 17, 1901;[45] and one of 5.0 in LeRoy Township in Lake County on January 31, 1986, which continued to trigger 13 aftershocks of magnitude 0.5 to 2.4 for two months.[46][47] The most recent earthquake in Ohio of any appreciable magnitude occurred on December 31, 2011, at 3:05pm EST. It had a magnitude of 4.0, and its epicenter was located approximately 4 kilometres northwest of Youngstown (41°7′19.1994″N 80°41′2.3994″W / 41.121999833°N 80.683999833°W / 41.121999833; -80.683999833), near the Trumbull/Mahoning county border.[48] The Ohio Seismic Network (OhioSeis), a group of seismograph stations at several colleges, universities, and other institutions, and coordinated by the Division of Geological Survey of the Ohio Department of Natural Resources,[49] maintains an extensive catalog of Ohio earthquakes from 1776 to the present day, as well as earthquakes located in other states whose effects were felt in Ohio.[50]

Major cities See also: List of cities in Ohio   v t e Largest cities or towns in Ohio Source:[51] Rank Name County Pop. Columbus Cleveland 1 Columbus Franklin 860,090 Cincinnati Toledo 2 Cleveland Cuyahoga 385,809 3 Cincinnati Hamilton 298,800 4 Toledo Lucas 278,508 5 Akron Summit 197,542 6 Dayton Montgomery 140,599 7 Parma Cuyahoga 79,425 8 Canton Stark 71,885 9 Youngstown Mahoning 64,312 10 Lorain Lorain 63,647 Columbus (home of The Ohio State University, Franklin University, Capital University, and Ohio Dominican University) is the capital of Ohio, near the geographic center of the state. Other Ohio cities functioning as centers of United States metropolitan areas include: Akron (home of University of Akron, Akron Art Museum, and Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company) Canton (home of Pro Football Hall of Fame, Malone University, and The Timken Company) Cincinnati (home of University of Cincinnati, Xavier University, Cincinnati Museum Center, Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, Procter & Gamble, Kroger, Macy's Inc., and Fifth Third Bank) Cleveland (home of Cleveland State University, Playhouse Square Center, The Cleveland Museum of Art, The Cleveland Orchestra, Case Western Reserve University, The Cleveland Clinic, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Forest City Enterprises, and University Hospitals) Dayton (home of University of Dayton, Dayton Ballet, Wright State University, Premier Health Partners, and National Museum of the United States Air Force) Lima (home of University of Northwestern Ohio) Mansfield (home of North Central State College and Mansfield Motorsports Park) Sandusky (home of Cedar Point, and Kalahari Resort and Convention Center) Springfield (home of Wittenberg University) Steubenville (home of Franciscan University of Steubenville) Toledo (home of The University of Toledo, The Toledo Museum of Art, Owens Corning, and Owens-Illinois) Youngstown (home of Youngstown State University and Butler Institute of American Art). Note: The Cincinnati metropolitan area extends into Kentucky and Indiana, the Steubenville metropolitan area extends into West Virginia, The Toledo metropolitan area extends into Michigan, and the Youngstown metropolitan area extends into Pennsylvania. Ohio cities that function as centers of United States micropolitan areas include: Ashland (home of Ashland University) Ashtabula Athens (home of Ohio University) Bellefontaine Bucyrus Cambridge Celina Chillicothe (home of Ohio University-Chillicothe) Coshocton Defiance (home of Defiance College) Findlay (home of The University of Findlay) Fremont Greenville Marion (home of Marion Popcorn Festival) Mount Vernon (home of Mount Vernon Nazarene University) New Philadelphia-Dover Norwalk (home of the NHRA venue Summit Motorsports Park, headquarters of the International Hot Rod Association, and pioneer automobile company Fisher Body) Oxford (home of Miami University) Portsmouth (home of Shawnee State University) Salem Sidney Tiffin (home of Heidelberg College and Tiffin University) Urbana (home of Urbana University) Van Wert Wapakoneta (birthplace of Apollo 11 astronaut Neil Armstrong) Washington Court House Wilmington (home of Wilmington College) Wooster (home of The College of Wooster) Zanesville (home of Zane State College).

History Main article: History of Ohio Native Americans Archeological evidence suggests that the Ohio Valley was inhabited by nomadic people as early as 13,000 BC.[52] These early nomads disappeared from Ohio by 1,000 BC, "but their material culture provided a base for those who followed them".[attribution needed][52] Between 1,000 and 800 BC, the sedentary Adena culture emerged. As Ohio historian George W. Knepper notes, this sophisticated culture was "so named because evidences of their culture were excavated in 1902 on the grounds of Adena, Thomas Worthington's estate located near Chillicothe".[53] The Adena were able to establish "semi-permanent" villages because they domesticated plants, which included squash, sunflowers, and perhaps corn. Cultivation of these in addition to hunting and gathering supported more settled, complex villages.[53] The most spectacular remnant of the Adena culture is the Great Serpent Mound, located in Adams County, Ohio.[53] Iroquois conquests during the Beaver Wars (mid-1600s), which largely depopulated the upper and mid-Ohio River valley. Around 100 BC, the Adena evolved into the Hopewell people, who were named for the farm owned by Captain M. C. Hopewell, where evidence of their unique culture was discovered.[54] Like the Adena, the Hopewell people participated in a mound-building culture. Their complex, large and technologically sophisticated earthworks can be found in modern-day Marietta, Newark, and Circleville.[54] They were also a powerful trading society, managing to knit together a network that passed goods throughout a third of the continent.[55] The Hopewell, however, disappeared from the Ohio Valley in about 600 AD. Little is known about the people who replaced them, although many Siouan-speaking peoples from the Plains & East Coast claim them as ancestors & say they lived throughout the Ohio region until approx. the 13th century.[56] It is possible that the rise of the Mississippian Culture was the downfall of the Hopewell, as they began to rise to prominence on the Mississippi River around the same time that the Hopewell Culture died out. Researchers have identified three additional, distinct prehistoric cultures: the Fort Ancient people, the Whittlesey Focus people [56] & the Monongahela Culture.[57] All three cultures apparently disappeared in the 17th century, perhaps decimated by infectious diseases spread in epidemics from early European contact. The Native Americans had no immunity to common European diseases. No one has ever definitively concluded which historically known peoples they may have been analogous to. That being said, it is generally believed that the Shawnees may have absorbed the Fort Ancient people.[56] It's also possible that the Monongahela held no land in Ohio during by the Colonial Era. The Mississippian Culture were close to, contemporaneous with, and traded extensively with the Fort Ancient people. American Indians in the Ohio Valley were greatly affected by the aggressive tactics of the Iroquois Confederation, based in central and western New York.[58] After the Beaver Wars in the mid-17th century, the Iroquois claimed much of the Ohio country as hunting and, more importantly, beaver-trapping ground. After the devastation of epidemics and war in the mid-17th century, which largely emptied the Ohio country of indigenous people by the mid-to-late 17th century, the land gradually became repopulated by the mostly Algonquian. Many of these Ohio-country nations were multi-ethnic (sometimes multi-linguistic) societies born out of the earlier devastation brought about by disease, war, and subsequent social instability. They subsisted on agriculture (corn, sunflowers, beans, etc.) supplemented by seasonal hunts. By the 18th century, they were part of a larger global economy brought about by European entry into the fur trade.[59] The indigenous nations to inhabit Ohio in the historical period included the Iroquoian Petun (known for their Tobacco plantations), Erie (thought to have been from Northeast Ohio & western Pennsylvania, but may have come from Canada), Chonnonton (Conquered their way down from Canada during Beaver Wars before being defeated by the Iroquois Confederacy & their allies), Wyandot (a group of Petun who became isolated around Cleveland after the Beaver Wars. Commonly mistaken for the Huron, whom most surviving Petun later joined),[60] the Mingo Seneca (split off from the Iroquois Confederacy & moved to Ohio in 18th century. Remained approx. 100 years.) & the Iroquois Confederacy (conquered most of Ohio at the bequest of the English in the 1660s. Pushed back to Pennsylvania by French in 1701.), The Algonquian Miami (Mostly from Indiana.), Mascouten (close sister tribe to Miamis. Scattered during Beaver Wars. Mostly relocated to Kentucky) Lenape (Arrived around the turn of the 18th century from east coast), Shawnee (Seceded from Powhatan Confederacy. Eventually came to Ohio River & most likely merged with several other lesser known people in the region) & Odawa (part of a Confederacy that surrounded Lake Superior. Relocated to Michigan & Northwest Ohio around the American Revolution.) & the Siouan Mosopelea (moved to Arkansas during Beaver Wars).[61][62] Ohio country was also the site of Indian massacres, such as the Yellow Creek Massacre, Gnadenhutten and Pontiac's Rebellion school massacre.[63] Most Native Peoples who remained in Ohio were slowly bought out and convinced to leave, or ordered to do so by law, in the early 19th century with the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Colonial and Revolutionary eras During the 18th century, the French set up a system of trading posts to control the fur trade in the region. Beginning in 1754, France and Great Britain fought a war that was known in North America as the French and Indian War and in Europe as the Seven Years' War. As a result of the Treaty of Paris, the French ceded control of Ohio and the remainder of the Old Northwest to Great Britain. Pontiac's Rebellion in the 1760s, however, posed a challenge to British military control.[64] This came to an end with the colonists' victory in the American Revolution. In the Treaty of Paris in 1783, Britain ceded all claims to Ohio country to the United States. Northwest Territory: 1787–1803 Plaque commemorating the Northwest Ordinance outside Federal Hall National Memorial in New York The United States created the Northwest Territory under the Northwest Ordinance of 1787.[65] Slavery was not permitted in the new territory. Settlement began with the founding of Marietta by the Ohio Company of Associates, which had been formed by a group of American Revolutionary War veterans. Following the Ohio Company, the Miami Company (also referred to as the "Symmes Purchase") claimed the southwestern section, and the Connecticut Land Company surveyed and settled the Connecticut Western Reserve in present-day Northeast Ohio. The old Northwest Territory originally included areas previously known as Ohio Country and Illinois Country. As Ohio prepared for statehood, the Indiana Territory was created, reducing the Northwest Territory to approximately the size of present-day Ohio plus the eastern half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan and the eastern tip of the Upper Peninsula. Under the Northwest Ordinance, areas of the territory could be defined and admitted as states once their population reached 60,000. Although Ohio's population numbered only 45,000 in December 1801, Congress determined that the population was growing rapidly and Ohio could begin the path to statehood. The assumption was that it would exceed 60,000 residents by the time it was admitted as a state. Furthermore, in regards to the Leni Lenape Native Americans living in the region, Congress decided that 10,000 acres on the Muskingum River in the present state of Ohio would "be set apart and the property thereof be vested in the Moravian Brethren ... or a society of the said Brethren for civilizing the Indians and promoting Christianity".[66] Statehood: 1803–present James A. Garfield, President of the United States from Ohio On February 19, 1803, U.S. President Thomas Jefferson signed an act of Congress that approved Ohio's boundaries and constitution.[67] However, Congress had never passed a resolution formally admitting Ohio as the 17th state. The current custom of Congress declaring an official date of statehood did not begin until 1812,[disputed – discuss] with Louisiana's admission as the 18th state. Although no formal resolution of admission was required, when the oversight was discovered in 1953, Ohio congressman George H. Bender introduced a bill in Congress to admit Ohio to the Union retroactive to March 1, 1803, the date on which the Ohio General Assembly first convened.[68] At a special session at the old state capital in Chillicothe, the Ohio state legislature approved a new petition for statehood that was delivered to Washington, D.C. on horseback. On August 7, 1953 (the year of Ohio's 150th anniversary), President Eisenhower signed a congressional joint resolution that officially declared March 1, 1803, the date of Ohio's admittance into the Union.[68][69][70] Ohio has had three capital cities: Chillicothe, Zanesville, and Columbus. Chillicothe was the capital from 1803 to 1810. The capital was then moved to Zanesville for two years, as part of a state legislative compromise, in order to get a bill passed. The capital was then moved back to Chillicothe, which was the capital from 1812 to 1816. Finally, the capital was moved to Columbus, in order to have it near the geographic center of the state, where it would be more accessible to most citizens. Although many Native Americans had migrated west to evade American encroachment, others remained settled in the state, sometimes assimilating in part. Shawnee leader Tecumseh led an American Indian confederacy in Tecumseh's Rebellion, from 1811 to 1813. In 1830 under President Andrew Jackson, the US government forced Indian Removal of most tribes to the Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. In 1835, Ohio fought with Michigan in the Toledo War, a mostly bloodless boundary war over the Toledo Strip. Only one person was injured in the conflict. Congress intervened, making Michigan's admittance as a state conditional on ending the conflict. In exchange for giving up its claim to the Toledo Strip, Michigan was given the western two-thirds of the Upper Peninsula, in addition to the eastern third that was already considered part of the state. Ohio state welcome sign, in an older (1990s) style Newer state sign, (US 52) Ohio's central position and its population gave it an important place during the Civil War. The Ohio River was a vital artery for troop and supply movements, as were Ohio's railroads. The industry of Ohio made the state one of the most important states in the union during the Civil war. Ohio contributed more soldiers per-capita than any other state in the Union. In 1862, the state's morale was badly shaken in the aftermath of the battle of Shiloh, a costly victory in which Ohio forces suffered 2,000 casualties.[71] Later that year, when Confederate troops under the leadership of Stonewall Jackson threatened Washington, D.C., Ohio governor David Tod still could recruit 5,000 volunteers to provide three months of service.[72] From July 12 to July 23, 1863, Southern Ohio and Indiana were attacked in Morgan's Raid. While this raid was insignificant and small, it aroused fear among people in Ohio and Indiana.[73] Almost 35,000 Ohioans died in the conflict, and 30,000 were physically wounded.[74] By the end of the Civil War, the Union's top three generals–Ulysses S. Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman, and Philip Sheridan–were all from Ohio.[75][76] In 1912 a Constitutional Convention was held with Charles B. Galbreath as secretary. The result reflected the concerns of the Progressive Era. It introduced the initiative and the referendum. In addition, it allowed the General Assembly to put questions on the ballot for the people to ratify laws and constitutional amendments originating in the Legislature. Under the Jeffersonian principle that laws should be reviewed once a generation, the constitution provided for a recurring question to appear on Ohio's general election ballots every 20 years. The question asks whether a new convention is required. Although the question has appeared in 1932, 1952, 1972, and 1992, it has never been approved. Instead constitutional amendments have been proposed by petition to the legislature hundreds of times and adopted in a majority of cases. Eight US Presidents hailed from Ohio at the time of their elections, giving rise to its nickname "Mother of Presidents", a sobriquet it shares with Virginia. It is also termed "Modern Mother of Presidents",[77] in contrast to Virginia's status as the origin of presidents earlier in American history. Seven Presidents were born in Ohio, making it second to Virginia's eight. Virginia-born William Henry Harrison lived most of his life in Ohio and is also buried there. Harrison conducted his political career while living on the family compound, founded by his father-in-law, John Cleves Symmes, in North Bend, Ohio. The seven presidents born in Ohio were Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Benjamin Harrison (grandson of William Henry Harrison), William McKinley, William Howard Taft and Warren G. Harding.

Demographics Historical population Census Pop. %± 1800 45,365 — 1810 230,760 408.7% 1820 581,434 152.0% 1830 937,903 61.3% 1840 1,519,467 62.0% 1850 1,980,329 30.3% 1860 2,339,511 18.1% 1870 2,665,260 13.9% 1880 3,198,062 20.0% 1890 3,672,329 14.8% 1900 4,157,545 13.2% 1910 4,767,121 14.7% 1920 5,759,394 20.8% 1930 6,646,697 15.4% 1940 6,907,612 3.9% 1950 7,946,627 15.0% 1960 9,706,397 22.1% 1970 10,652,017 9.7% 1980 10,797,630 1.4% 1990 10,847,115 0.5% 2000 11,353,140 4.7% 2010 11,536,504 1.6% Est. 2017 11,658,609 1.1% Source: 1910–2010[78] 2015 Estimate Population From just over 45,000 residents in 1800, Ohio's population grew at rates of over 10% per decade (except for the 1940 census) until the 1970 census, which recorded just over 10.65 million Ohioans.[79] Growth then slowed for the next four decades.[80] The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Ohio was 11,613,423 on July 1, 2015, a 0.67% increase since the 2010 United States Census.[81] Ohio's population growth lags that of the entire United States, and Caucasians are found in a greater density than the United States average. As of 2000[update], Ohio's center of population is located in Morrow County,[82] in the county seat of Mount Gilead.[83] This is approximately 6,346 feet (1,934 m) south and west of Ohio's population center in 1990.[82] Graph of Ohio's population growth from 1800 to 2000. As of 2011, 27.6% of Ohio's children under the age of 1 belonged to minority groups.[84] 6.2% of Ohio's population is under 5 years of age, 23.7 percent under 18 years of age, and 14.1 percent were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 51.2 percent of the population. Birth data Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. Live Births by Race/Ethnicity of Mother Race 2013[85] 2014[86] 2015[87] White 109,749 (79.0%) 110,003 (78.9%) 109,566 (78.7%) > Non-Hispanic White 104,059 (74.9%) 104,102 (74.6%) 103,586 (74.4%) Black 24,952 (18.0%) 24,931 (17.9%) 25,078 (18.0%) Asian 3,915 (2.8%) 4,232 (3.0%) 4,367 (3.1%) Native 320 (0.2%) 301 (0.2%) 253 (0.2%) Hispanic (of any race) 6,504 (4.7%) 6,884 (4.9%) 6,974 (5.0%) Total Ohio 138,936 (100%) 139,467 (100%) 139,264 (100%) Ancestry According to the 2010 United States Census, the racial composition of Ohio was the following:[88][89] White American: 82.7% (Non-Hispanic Whites: 81.1%) Black or African American: 12.2% Native American: 0.2% Asian: 1.7% (0.6% Indian, 0.4% Chinese, 0.1% Filipino, 0.1% Korean, 0.1% Vietnamese, 0.1% Japanese) Pacific Islander: 0.03% Two or more races: 2.1% Some other race: 1.1% Hispanic or Latinos (of any race) make up 3.1% (1.5% Mexican, 0.8% Puerto Rican, 0.1% Guatemalan, 0.1% Cuban) Ohio Racial Breakdown of Population Racial composition 1990[90] 2000[91] 2010[92] White 87.8% 85.0% 82.7% African American 10.6% 11.5% 12.2% Asian 0.8% 1.2% 1.7% Native 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander – – – Other race 0.5% 0.8% 1.1% Two or more races – 1.4% 2.1% In 2010, there were 469,700 foreign-born residents in Ohio, corresponding to 4.1% of the total population. Of these, 229,049 (2.0%) were naturalized US citizens and 240,699 (2.1%) were not.[1] The largest groups were:[93] Mexico (54,166), India (50,256), China (34,901), Germany (19,219), Philippines (16,410), United Kingdom (15,917), Canada (14,223), Russia (11,763), South Korea (11,307), and Ukraine (10,681). Though predominantly white, Ohio has large black populations in all major metropolitan areas throughout the state, Ohio has a significant Hispanic population made up of Mexicans in Toledo and Columbus, and Puerto Ricans in Cleveland and Columbus, and also has a significant and diverse Asian population in Columbus. The largest ancestry groups (which the Census defines as not including racial terms) in the state are:[1][94] 26.5% German 14.1% Irish 9.0% English 6.4% Italian 3.8% Polish 2.5% French 1.9% Scottish 1.7% Hungarian 1.6% Dutch 1.5% Mexican 1.2% Slovak 1.1% Welsh 1.1% Scotch-Irish Ancestries claimed by less than 1% of the population include Sub-Saharan African, Puerto Rican, Swiss, Swedish, Arab, Greek, Norwegian, Romanian, Austrian, Lithuanian, Finnish, West Indian, Portuguese and Slovene. Ohio population density map. Languages About 6.7% of the population age 5 years and over reported speaking a language other than English, with 2.2% of the population speaking Spanish, 2.6% speaking other Indo-European languages, 1.1% speaking Asian and Austronesian languages, and 0.8% speaking other languages.[1] Numerically: 10,100,586 spoke English, 239,229 Spanish, 55,970 German, 38,990 Chinese, 33,125 Arabic, and 32,019 French. In addition 59,881 spoke a Slavic language and 42,673 spoke another West Germanic language according to the 2010 Census.[95] Ohio also had the nation's largest population of Slovene speakers, second largest of Slovak speakers, second largest of Pennsylvania Dutch (German) speakers, and the third largest of Serbian speakers.[96] Religion Amish children on the way to school. According to a Pew Forum poll, as of 2008, 76% of Ohioans identified as Christian.[97] Specifically, 26% of Ohio's population identified as Evangelical Protestant, 22% as Mainline Protestant, and 21% as Catholic.[97] 17% of the population is unaffiliated with any religious body.[97] 1.3% (148,380) were Jewish.[98] There are also small minorities of Jehovah's Witnesses (1%), Muslims (1%), Hindus (<0.5%), Buddhists (<0.5%), Mormons (<0.5%), and other faiths (1-1.5%).[97] According to the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA), in 2010 the largest denominations by adherents were the Catholic Church with 1,992,567; the United Methodist Church with 496,232; the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America with 223,253, the Southern Baptist Convention with 171,000, the Christian Churches and Churches of Christ with 141,311, the United Church of Christ with 118,000, and the Presbyterian Church (USA) with 110,000.[99] With about 70,000 people in 2015 Ohio had the largest Amish population of all states of the US.[100] According to the same data, a majority of Ohioans, 55%, feel that religion is "very important," 30% say that it is "somewhat important," and 15% responded that religion is "not too important/not important at all."[97] 36% of Ohioans indicate that they attend religious services at least once weekly, 35% attend occasionally, and 27% seldom or never participate in religious services.[97] Religion in Ohio (2014)[101] Religion Percent Protestant   53% Catholic   18% None   22% Mormon   1% Jewish   1% Jehovah's Witness   1% Muslim   1% Buddhist   1% Other faith   2%

Economy Main article: Economy of Ohio See also: Ohio locations by per capita income Cincinnati's Procter & Gamble is one of Ohio's largest companies in terms of revenue. In 2010, Ohio was ranked No. 2 in the country for best business climate by Site Selection magazine, based on a business-activity database.[102] The state has also won three consecutive Governor's Cup awards from the magazine, based on business growth and developments.[103] As of 2016[update], Ohio's gross domestic product (GDP) was $626 billion.[104] This ranks Ohio's economy as the seventh-largest of all fifty states and the District of Columbia.[105] The Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council ranked the state No. 10 for best business-friendly tax systems in their Business Tax Index 2009, including a top corporate tax and capital gains rate that were both ranked No. 6 at 1.9%.[106] Ohio was ranked No. 11 by the council for best friendly-policy states according to their Small Business Survival Index 2009.[107] The Directorship's Boardroom Guide ranked the state No. 13 overall for best business climate, including No. 7 for best litigation climate.[108] Forbes ranked the state No. 8 for best regulatory environment in 2009.[109] Ohio has 5 of the top 115 colleges in the nation, according to U.S. News and World Report's 2010 rankings,[110] and was ranked No. 8 by the same magazine in 2008 for best high schools.[111] Ohio's unemployment rate stands at 4.5% as of February 2018, [112], down from 10.7% in May 2010.[113][114] The state still lacks 45,000 jobs compared to the prerecession numbers of 2007.[115] The labor force participation as of April 2015 is 63%, slightly above the national average.[115] Ohio's per capita income stands at $34,874.[105][116] As of 2016[update], Ohio's median household income is $52,334, [117] and 14.6% of the population is below the poverty line [118] The manufacturing and financial activities sectors each compose 18.3% of Ohio's GDP, making them Ohio's largest industries by percentage of GDP.[105] Ohio has the third largest manufacturing workforce behind California and Texas. [119] [120]Ohio has the largest bioscience sector in the Midwest, and is a national leader in the "green" economy. Ohio is the largest producer in the country of plastics, rubber, fabricated metals, electrical equipment, and appliances.[121] 5,212,000 Ohioans are currently employed by wage or salary.[105] By employment, Ohio's largest sector is trade/transportation/utilities, which employs 1,010,000 Ohioans, or 19.4% of Ohio's workforce, while the health care and education sector employs 825,000 Ohioans (15.8%).[105] Government employs 787,000 Ohioans (15.1%), manufacturing employs 669,000 Ohioans (12.9%), and professional and technical services employs 638,000 Ohioans (12.2%).[105] Ohio's manufacturing sector is the third-largest of all fifty United States states in terms of gross domestic product.[105] Fifty-nine of the United States' top 1,000 publicly traded companies (by revenue in 2008) are headquartered in Ohio, including Procter & Gamble, Goodyear Tire & Rubber, AK Steel, Timken, Abercrombie & Fitch, and Wendy's.[122] Ohio is also one of 41 states with its own lottery,[123] the Ohio Lottery.[124] The Ohio Lottery has contributed over $15.5 billion to public education in its 34-year history.[125]

Transportation Ground travel Many major east-west transportation corridors go through Ohio. One of those pioneer routes, known in the early 20th century as "Main Market Route 3", was chosen in 1913 to become part of the historic Lincoln Highway which was the first road across America, connecting New York City to San Francisco. In Ohio, the Lincoln Highway linked many towns and cities together, including Canton, Mansfield, Wooster, Lima, and Van Wert. The arrival of the Lincoln Highway to Ohio was a major influence on the development of the state. Upon the advent of the federal numbered highway system in 1926, the Lincoln Highway through Ohio became U.S. Route 30. Ohio also is home to 228 miles (367 km) of the Historic National Road, now U.S. Route 40. Ohio has a highly developed network of roads and interstate highways. Major east-west through routes include the Ohio Turnpike (I-80/I-90) in the north, I-76 through Akron to Pennsylvania, I-70 through Columbus and Dayton, and the Appalachian Highway (State Route 32) running from West Virginia to Cincinnati. Major north-south routes include I-75 in the west through Toledo, Dayton, and Cincinnati, I-71 through the middle of the state from Cleveland through Columbus and Cincinnati into Kentucky, and I-77 in the eastern part of the state from Cleveland through Akron, Canton, New Philadelphia and Marietta south into West Virginia. Interstate 75 between Cincinnati and Dayton is one of the heaviest traveled sections of interstate in Ohio. Ohio also has a highly developed network of signed state bicycle routes. Many of them follow rail trails, with conversion ongoing. The Ohio to Erie Trail (route 1) connects Cincinnati, Columbus, and Cleveland. U.S. Bicycle Route 50 traverses Ohio from Steubenville to the Indiana state line outside Richmond.[126] Ohio has several long-distance hiking trails, the most prominent is the Buckeye Trail which is a 1,444-mile (2,324 km)[1] hiking trail that loops around the state of Ohio. Part of it is on roads and part is on wooded trail. Additionally, the North Country Trail (the longest of the eleven National Scenic Trails authorized by Congress) and the American Discovery Trail (a system of recreational trails and roads that collectively form a coast-to-coast route across the mid-tier of the United States) pass through Ohio. Much of these 2 trails coincide with the Buckeye Trail. Air travel See also: List of airports in Ohio Ohio has 5 international airports, 4 commercial and 2 military. The 5 international includes Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, John Glenn Columbus International Airport, and Dayton International Airport, Ohio's third largest airport. Akron Fulton International Airport handles cargo and for private use. Rickenbacker International Airport is one of two military airfields which is also home to the 7th largest FedEx building in America.[citation needed] The other military airfield is Wright Patterson Air Force Base which is one of the largest Air Force bases in the United States. Other major airports are located in Toledo and Akron. Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport is in Hebron, Kentucky and therefore is not listed above. Transportation lists List of Ohio state highways List of Ohio train stations List of Ohio railroads List of Ohio rivers Historic Ohio Canals

Law and government Main article: Government of Ohio The Ohio State Capitol located in Columbus, Ohio. The state government of Ohio consists of the executive,[127] judicial,[128] and legislative[129] branches. Executive branch The executive branch is headed by the Governor of Ohio.[127] The current governor is John Kasich,[13] a Republican elected in 2010. A lieutenant governor succeeds the governor in the event of any removal from office,[130] and performs any duties assigned by the governor.[131] The current lieutenant governor is Mary Taylor. The other elected constitutional offices in the executive branch are the secretary of state (Jon A. Husted), auditor (Dave Yost), treasurer (Josh Mandel), and attorney general (Mike DeWine).[127] Judicial branch There are three levels of the Ohio state judiciary. The lowest level is the court of common pleas: each county maintains its own constitutionally mandated court of common pleas, which maintain jurisdiction over "all justiciable matters".[132] The intermediate-level court system is the district court system.[133] Twelve courts of appeals exist, each retaining jurisdiction over appeals from common pleas, municipal, and county courts in a set geographical area.[132] A case heard in this system is decided by a three-judge panel, and each judge is elected.[132] The highest-ranking court, the Ohio Supreme Court, is Ohio's "court of last resort".[134] A seven-justice panel composes the court, which, by its own discretion, hears appeals from the courts of appeals, and retains original jurisdiction over limited matters.[135] Legislative branch The Ohio General Assembly is a bicameral legislature consisting of the Senate and House of Representatives.[136] The Senate is composed of 33 districts, each of which is represented by one senator. Each senator represents approximately 330,000 constituents.[137] The House of Representatives is composed of 99 members.[138] National politics See also: Politics of Ohio, Political party strength in Ohio, Ohio Democratic Party, and Ohio Republican Party This section needs to be updated. In particular: Missing up-to-date information on current voter demographics.. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (March 2017) Presidential elections results[139] Year Republican Democratic 2016 51.69% 2,841,005 43.56% 2,394,164 2012 47.60% 2,661,437 50.58% 2,827,709 2008 46.80% 2,677,820 51.38% 2,940,044 2004 50.81% 2,859,768 48.71% 2,741,167 2000 49.97% 2,351,209 46.46% 2,186,190 1996 41.02% 1,859,883 47.38% 2,148,222 1992 38.35% 1,894,310 40.18% 1,984,942 1988 55.00% 2,416,549 44.15% 1,939,629 1984 58.90% 2,678,560 40.14% 1,825,440 1980 51.51% 2,206,545 40.91% 1,752,414 1976 48.65% 2,000,505 48.92% 2,011,621 1972 59.63% 2,441,827 38.07% 1,558,889 1968 45.23% 1,791,014 42.95% 1,700,586 1964 37.06% 1,470,865 62.94% 2,498,331 1960 53.28% 2,217,611 46.72% 1,944,248 Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election. Ohio, nicknamed the "Mother of Presidents," has sent seven of its native sons (Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, William Howard Taft, and Warren G. Harding) to the White House.[140] All seven were Republicans. Virginia native William Henry Harrison, a Whig, resided in Ohio.[140] Historian R. Douglas Hurt asserts that not since Virginia "had a state made such a mark on national political affairs".[141] The Economist notes that "This slice of the mid-west contains a bit of everything American — part north-eastern and part southern, part urban and part rural, part hardscrabble poverty and part booming suburb",[142] Ohio is the only state that has voted for the winning Presidential candidate in each election since 1964, and in 33 of the 37 held since the Civil War. No Republican has ever won the presidency without winning Ohio. As of 2008[update], Ohio's voter demographic leans towards the Democratic Party.[143] An estimated 2,408,178 Ohioans are registered to vote as Democrats, while 1,471,465 Ohioans are registered to vote as Republicans.[143][dead link] These are changes from 2004 of 72% and 32%, respectively, and Democrats have registered over 1,000,000 new Ohioans since 2004.[143][dead link] Unaffiliated voters have an attrition of 15% since 2004, losing an estimated 718,000 of their kind.[143][dead link] The total now rests at 4,057,518 Ohioans.[143][dead link] In total, there are 7,937,161 Ohioans registered to vote.[143][dead link] In United States presidential election of 2008, then-Senator Barack Obama of Illinois won 51.50% of Ohio's popular vote, 4.59 percentage points more than his nearest rival, Senator John McCain of Arizona (with 46.91% of the popular vote).[144] However, Obama won only 22 of Ohio's 88 counties.[145] Since 2010, the Republicans have largely controlled Ohio state politics, including a super-majority in the state's House, a majority in the state Senate, the Governorship, etc.[146] As of 2014, the state Senate is 1 Republican away from a super-majority.[146] Following the 2000 census, Ohio lost one congressional district in the United States House of Representatives, which leaves Ohio with 18 districts, and consequently, 18 representatives. The state lost two more seats following the 2010 Census, leaving it with 16 votes for the next 3 presidential elections in 2012, 2016 and 2020.[147] The 2008 elections, Democrats gained three seats in Ohio's delegation to the House of Representatives.[148] This leaves eight Republican-controlled seats in the Ohio delegation.[149] Ohio's U.S. Senators in the 112th Congress are Republican Rob Portman and Democrat Sherrod Brown.[150] Marcy Kaptur (D-9) is the dean, or most senior member, of the Ohio delegation to the United States House of Representatives.[151]

Education Ohio's system of public education is outlined in Article VI of the state constitution, and in Title XXXIII of the Ohio Revised Code. Ohio University, the first university in the Northwest Territory, was also the first public institution in Ohio. Substantively, Ohio's system is similar to those found in other states. At the State level, the Ohio Department of Education, which is overseen by the Ohio State Board of Education, governs primary and secondary educational institutions. At the municipal level, there are approximately 700 school districts statewide. The Ohio Board of Regents coordinates and assists with Ohio's institutions of higher education which have recently been reorganized into the University System of Ohio under Governor Strickland. The system averages an annual enrollment of over 400,000 students, making it one of the five largest state university systems in the U.S. A tree map depicting the distribution of bachelor's degrees awarded in Ohio in 2014. Colleges and universities Main article: List of colleges and universities in Ohio 13 state universities Bowling Green State University (Bowling Green) Central State University (Wilberforce) Cleveland State University (Cleveland) Kent State University (Kent) Miami University (Oxford) The Ohio State University (Columbus) Ohio University (Athens) Shawnee State University (Portsmouth) University of Akron (Akron) University of Cincinnati (Cincinnati) University of Toledo (Toledo) Wright State University (Dayton/Fairborn) Youngstown State University (Youngstown) 24 state university branch and regional campuses 46 private colleges and universities 6 free-standing state-assisted medical schools Boonshoft School of Medicine (formerly known as The Wright State University School of Medicine) Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University Northeast Ohio Medical University The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Public Health University of Cincinnati College of Medicine University of Toledo College of Medicine (formerly Medical University of Ohio) 15 community colleges 8 technical colleges 24 independent non-profit colleges Libraries Ohio is home to some of the nation's highest-ranked public libraries.[152] The 2008 study by Thomas J. Hennen Jr. ranked Ohio as number one in a state-by-state comparison.[153] For 2008, 31 of Ohio's library systems were all ranked in the top ten for American cities of their population category.[152] 500,000 books or more Columbus Metropolitan Library (First) Cuyahoga County Public Library (Second) Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County (Tenth) The Ohio Public Library Information Network (OPLIN) is an organization that provides Ohio residents with internet access to their 251 public libraries. OPLIN also provides Ohioans with free home access to high-quality, subscription research databases. Ohio also offers the OhioLINK program, allowing Ohio's libraries (particularly those from colleges and universities) access to materials for the other libraries. The program is largely successful in allowing researchers for access to books and other media that might not be otherwise available.

Culture Arts This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (September 2017) Sports Main article: Sport in Ohio Professional sports teams Ohio is home to major professional sports teams in baseball, basketball, football, hockey, lacrosse and soccer. The state's major professional sporting teams include: Cincinnati Reds (Major League Baseball),[154] Ohio Machine (Major League Lacrosse), Cleveland Indians (Major League Baseball),[155] Cincinnati Bengals (National Football League),[156] Cleveland Browns (National Football League),[156] Cleveland Cavaliers (National Basketball Association),[157] Columbus Blue Jackets (National Hockey League),[158] and the Columbus Crew (Major League Soccer).[159] Ohio played a central role in the development of both Major League Baseball and the National Football League. Baseball's first fully professional team, the Cincinnati Red Stockings of 1869, were organized in Ohio.[160] An informal early 20th century American football association, the Ohio League, was the direct predecessor of the NFL, although neither of Ohio's modern NFL franchises trace their roots to an Ohio League club. The Pro Football Hall of Fame is located in Canton. On a smaller scale, Ohio hosts minor league baseball, arena football, indoor football, mid-level hockey, and lower division soccer. Individual sports The Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course has hosted several auto racing championships, including CART World Series, IndyCar Series, NASCAR Nationwide Series, Can-Am, Formula 5000, IMSA GT Championship, American Le Mans Series and Rolex Sports Car Series. The Grand Prix of Cleveland also hosted CART races from 1982 to 2007. The Eldora Speedway is a major dirt oval that hosts NASCAR Camping World Truck Series, World of Outlaws Sprint Cars and USAC Silver Crown Series races. Ohio hosts two PGA Tour events, the WGC-Bridgestone Invitational and Memorial Tournament. The Cincinnati Masters is an ATP World Tour Masters 1000 and WTA Premier 5 tennis tournament. College sports Ohio has eight NCAA Division I FBS college football teams, divided among three different conferences. It has also experienced considerable success in the secondary and tertiary tiers of college football divisions. In Division I-A, representing the Big Ten, the Ohio State Buckeyes football team ranks 5th among all-time winningest programs,[citation needed] with seven national championships and seven Heisman Trophy winners. Their biggest rivals are the Michigan Wolverines, whom they traditionally play each year as the last game of their regular season schedule. Ohio has six teams represented in the Mid-American Conference: the University of Akron, Bowling Green, Kent State, Miami University, Ohio University and the University of Toledo. The MAC headquarters are in Cleveland. The University of Cincinnati Bearcats represent Ohio in the American Athletic Conference.

State symbols Main article: List of Ohio state symbols See also: Lists of U.S. state insignia Ohio buckeyes, the seed from the Ohio buckeye tree. Ohio's state symbols: State capital: Columbus[4] (1816)[161] State herb capital: Gahanna (1972)[162]

See also Ohio portal Outline of Ohio – organized list of topics about Ohio Index of Ohio-related articles

Notes ^ a b c d American FactFinder – Results ^ a b "Why is Ohio known as the Buckeye State and why are Ohioans known as Buckeyes?" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 28, 2008. Retrieved April 28, 2008.  ^ "Ohio Quick Facts". Ohio Historical Society. Retrieved March 26, 2009.  ^ a b "City of Columbus: Fun Facts". City of Columbus, Ohio. 2006. Archived from the original on May 1, 2009. Retrieved March 26, 2009.  ^ U.S. Census: Columbus metro bigger than that of Cleveland, gaining on Cincinnati Retrieved March 24, 2018 ^ According to the U.S. Census July 2013 Annual Estimate Archived June 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine., Greater Cleveland is the largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) that is entirely within Ohio, with a population of 2,064,725; and Greater Cincinnati is the largest MSA that is at least partially within Ohio, with a population of 2,137,406, approximately 25% of which is in Indiana or Kentucky. Which MSA is the largest in Ohio depends on the context. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. June 22, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2017.  ^ "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.  ^ a b "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2011.  ^ a b Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988. ^ a b Mary Stockwell. Ohio Adventure. Gibbs Smith. p. 88. ISBN 978-1-4236-2382-3.  ^ "Creation of the Board of Elections". Mahoning County Board of Elections. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ a b "The Governors of Ohio". Ohio Historical Society. January 8, 2007. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ Hershey, William (November 8, 2006). "Strickland becomes first Dem governor since '91". Middletown Journal. Archived from the original on May 12, 2011. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ "About Lee". Office of the Governor. 2009. Archived from the original on March 23, 2009. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ "Democrats Jennifer Brunner, Lee Fisher to run for U.S. Senate". Associated Press. February 17, 2009. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved March 27, 2009.  ^ a b "Sherrod Brown". Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 25, 2008. Retrieved March 27, 2009.  ^ "Official USPS Abbreviations". United States Postal Service. 1998. Archived from the original on March 28, 2009. Retrieved March 26, 2009.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Ohio's State Symbols". Ohio Governor's Residence and State Garden. Retrieved March 26, 2009.  ^ "Ohio's State Motto". Ohio Historical Society. July 1, 2005. Retrieved March 27, 2009.  ^ "Ohio's State Rock Song". Ohio Historical Society. July 1, 2005. Retrieved March 27, 2009.  ^ "Quick Facts About the State of Ohio". Ohio History Central. Retrieved July 2, 2010. From Iroquois word meaning 'great river'  ^ Mithun, Marianne (1999). "Borrowing". The Languages of Native North America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 311–3. ISBN 978-0-521-29875-9. Ohio ('large creek')  ^ "Native Ohio". American Indian Studies. Ohio State University. Archived from the original on February 2, 2007. Retrieved February 25, 2007. Ohio comes from the Seneca (Iroquoian) ohiiyo' 'good river'  ^ William M. Davidson (1902). A History of the United States. Scott, Foresman and Company. p. 265.  ^ Berg-Andersson, Richard E. (2000). "The Math Behind the 2000 Census Apportionment of Representatives". The Green Papers. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ a b Pollard, Kelvin (2008). "Swing, Bellwether, and Red and Blue States". Population Reference Bureau. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ Froman, Frances & Keye, Alfred J. "English-Cayuga/Cayuga-English Dictionary" 2014. ^ "Transportation delivers for Ohio". Ohio: Department of Transportation. February 12, 2003. Archived from the original on January 24, 2008. Retrieved December 22, 2005.  ^ "Ohio Coastal Counties". Ohio: Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved September 3, 2008.  ^ a b "Ohio v. Kentucky, 444 U.S. 335". Find law. January 21, 1980. Retrieved August 15, 2016.  ^ "History of the Appalachian Regional Commission". Appalachian Regional Commission. Archived from the original on December 22, 2005. Retrieved January 3, 2006.  ^ "Counties in Appalachia" Archived September 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., Appalachian Regional Commission. Retrieved January 3, 2006. ^ "GCT-T1 Ohio County Population Estimates—2005", The United States Census Bureau, retrieved January 3, 2006. True summation of Ohio Appalachia counties population (1,476,384) obtained by adding the 29 individual county populations together (July 1, 2005 data). Percentage obtained by dividing that number into that table's estimate of Ohio population as of July 1, 2005 (11,464,042) ^ "The History of the MCD: The Conservancy Act". Miami Conservancy District. Archived from the original on March 14, 2007. Retrieved January 13, 2007.  ^ "Ohio climate averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved November 12, 2015.  ^ "All-Time Temperature Maximums By State (2003)" (PDF). National Climatic Data Center. Retrieved November 7, 2006.  ^ "All-Time Temperature Minimums By State (2003)" (PDF). National Climatic Data Center. Retrieved November 7, 2006.  ^ McLeod, Jaime (February 6, 2012). "The Great Blizzard of 1899: Deep South, Deep Freeze". The Farmer's Almanac. Retrieved February 5, 2016.  ^ ODNR Updates Ohio Earthquake Map to Reflect Statewide Seismic Activity Since 2002 (news release), Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological Survey (September 18, 2007) ^ Ohio Seismic Network, What was the biggest earthquake in Ohio? ^ Historic Earthquakes: Western Ohio Archived December 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., U.S. Geological Survey. ^ "Historic United States Earthquakes". US: Geological Survey. Archived from the original on October 7, 2009.  |contribution= ignored (help) ^ "Historic Earthquakes". US: Geological Survey. Archived from the original on September 9, 2009.  |contribution= ignored (help) ^ "Historic Earthquakes". US: Geological Survey. Archived from the original on September 9, 2009.  |contribution= ignored (help) ^ "Historic Earthquakes". US: Geological Survey. Archived from the original on September 9, 2009.  |contribution= ignored (help) ^ "The Ohio Seismic Network". Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved September 13, 2009.  |contribution= ignored (help) ^ "Magnitude 4.0 – Youngstown‐Warren urban area, OH". US: Geological Survey. Archived from the original on January 7, 2012. Retrieved December 31, 2011.  ^ "The Ohio Seismic Network". OH: Department of natural resources.  ^ Catalog of Ohio Earthquakes, at the Ohio Department of Natural Resources web site ^ "Ohio (USA): State, Major Cities, Villages & Places". City Population. February 19, 2011. Retrieved July 13, 2015.  ^ a b Knepper (1989), p. 9. ^ a b c Knepper (1989), p. 10. ^ a b Knepper (1989), p. 11. ^ Douglas T. Price; Gary M. Feinman (2008). Images of the Past, 5th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 274–277. ^ a b c Knepper (1989), p. 13. ^ "Monongahela culture-AD 1050-1635". Fort Hill Archeology. Retrieved 2010-01-14. ^ Knepper (1989), p. 14. ^ Roseboom (1967), p. 20. ^ "EARLY INDIAN MIGRATION IN OHIO". Retrieved August 17, 2017. ^ louis, franquelin, jean baptiste. "Franquelin's map of Louisiana.". Retrieved August 17, 2017. ^ Knepper (1989), pp. 14–17. ^ Knepper (1989), pp. 43–44. ^ "Pontiac's Rebellion" Archived April 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., Ohio History Central, July 1, 2005. ^ Cayton (2002), p. 3. ^ "Religion and the Congress of the Confederation, 1774–89". Library of Congress. Retrieved April 11, 2012.  ^ An act to provide for the due execution of the laws of the United States, within the state of Ohio, ch. 7, 2 Stat. 201 (February 19, 1803). ^ a b Blue, Frederick J. (Autumn 2002). "The Date of Ohio Statehood". Ohio Academy of History Newsletter. Archived from the original on September 11, 2010.  ^ Joint Resolution for admitting the State of Ohio into the Union, (Pub.L. 83–204, 67 Stat. 407, enacted August 7, 1953). ^ "Clearing up the Confusion surrounding OHIO's Admission to Statehood".  ^ Knepper (1989), pp. 233–234. ^ Roseboom and Weisenburger (1967), p. 188. ^ ^ Cayton (2002), p. 129. ^ Morris (1992), pp. 10–11. ^ Cayton (2002), pp. 128–129. ^ "State Nicknames – Nicknames of U.S. States". Retrieved July 2, 2010.  ^ Resident Population Data. "Resident Population Data – 2010 Census". Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved February 18, 2012.  ^ "Census of Population: 1970, Part 37 – Ohio, Section 1" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1970. Retrieved March 27, 2009.  ^ Balistreri, Kelly (February 2001). "Ohio Population News: Why did Ohio lose a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives?" (PDF). Center for Family and Demographic Research at Bowling Green State University. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 16, 2008. Retrieved March 27, 2009.  ^ "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". U.S. Census Bureau. December 23, 2015. Archived from the original (CSV) on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 23, 2015.  ^ a b "2000 Population and Geographic Centers of Ohio" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development, Office of Strategic Research. March 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 24, 2005. Retrieved March 26, 2009.  ^ "Population and Population Centers by State: 2000". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2008.  ^ "Americans under age 1 now mostly minorities, but not in Ohio: Statistical Snapshot". The Plain Dealer. June 3, 2012. ^ ^ ^ ^ American FactFinder – Results Archived March 5, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. ^ American FactFinder – Results Archived December 18, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States ^ Population of Ohio: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts[permanent dead link] ^ 2010 Census Data ^ American FactFinder – Results ^ American FactFinder – Results ^ American FactFinder – Results ^ "Data Center Language List".  ^ a b c d e f "Religious Composition of Ohio". The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life. 2008. Archived from the original on March 6, 2008. Retrieved March 27, 2009.  ^ "Jewish Population in the United States, by State". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved May 14, 2013.  ^ "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report". Retrieved December 16, 2013.  ^ Amish Studies: "Population Change 2010–2015" Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. ^ The Pew Forum - America’s Changing Religious Landscape ^ "Site Selection Rankings". Greyhill Advisors. Retrieved October 17, 2011.  ^ "Columbus Chamber Announces Ohio Ranked on 'Top 10 Business Climates' List for 2009", Earth Times. Retrieved November 19, 2009. ^ [1] ^ a b c d e f g "Economic Overview" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. February 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 26, 2009. Retrieved March 31, 2009.  ^ "Business Tax Index 2009" Archived April 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., SMALL BUSINESS & ENTREPRENEURSHIP COUNCIL. Retrieved December 2, 2009. ^ "SMALL BUSINESS SURVIVAL INDEX 2009" Archived December 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., SMALL BUSINESS & ENTREPRENEURSHIP COUNCIL. Retrieved December 2, 2009. ^ "The Best States for Business", Directorship. Retrieved December 2, 2009. ^ "The Best States For Business", Forbes. Retrieved December 2, 2009. ^ "Best Colleges 2010" Archived December 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved December 2, 2009. ^ "Best High Schools: State by State Statistics" Archived April 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved December 2, 2009. ^ Ohio unemployment rate 4.5% in February; state gained 13,400 jobs Retrieved March 24, 2018 ^; Local Area Unemployment Statistics ^ "Jobless rates fall again in southeastern Ohio" Archived November 1, 2013, at the Wayback Machine., Zanesville Times-Recorder. June 23, 2010. Retrieved June 25, 2010. ^ a b Olivera Perkins (May 22, 2015) Ohio's unemployment rate up to 5.2 percent: 5 things you need to know ^ "Strickland: Mature leader needed, rival Kasich is too radical", Dayton Daily News. June 22, 2010. Retrieved June 25, 2010. ^ Ohio Household Income Accessed March 24, 2018 ^ [2] Retrieved March 24, 2018 ^ Manufacturing a High-Wage Ohio Accessed March 24, 2018 ^ Ohio Remains Among The Top Three States for Manufacturing Employment and Wages Retrieved March 24, 2018 ^ "Economic Overview" Archived March 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., Ohio Department of Development, p. 1. Retrieved November 19, 2009. ^ "Fortune 500 2008". . May 5, 2008. Retrieved March 31, 2009.  ^ "Lottery Results" (SHTML). Office of Citizen Services and Communications, General Services Administration. Retrieved March 31, 2009.  ^ "About the Ohio Lottery". Ohio Lottery Commission. 2008. Retrieved March 31, 2009.  ^ Kissell, Margo R. (March 24, 2009). "Englewood Man Wins $250,000 in Lottery". Englewood, O.H.: Dayton Daily News. Retrieved March 31, 2009.  ^ Vitale, Marty (May 29, 2014). "Report to SCOH". Louisville, Kentucky: Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Archived from the original (Office Open XML) on May 31, 2014. Retrieved June 1, 2014.  ^ a b c "Constitution Online". Ohio General Assembly. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ "Constitution Online". Ohio General Assembly. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ "Constitution Online". Ohio General Assembly. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ "Constitution Online". Ohio General Assembly. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ "Constitution Online". Ohio General Assembly. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ a b c "Constitution Online". Ohio General Assembly. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ "Ohio District Courts of Appeal". Ohio Judiciary System. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ "The Supreme Court of Ohio Jurisdiction & Authority". The Ohio Judicial System. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ "Constitution Online". Ohio General Assembly. 2009. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ "Ohio General Assembly". Ohio History Central. July 1, 2005. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ "Population represented by state legislators – Ballotpedia". Retrieved March 6, 2017.  ^ "Government". Congressman Michael Turner. Archived from the original on March 25, 2009. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ Leip, David. "Presidential General Election Results Comparison – Ohio". US Election Atlas. Retrieved December 31, 2009.  ^ a b Ann Heinrichs (January 1, 2003). Ohio. Capstone. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-7565-0316-1.  ^ Holli (1999), p. 162. ^ " A grain of sand for your thoughts", The Economist, December 20, 2005. Retrieved December 23, 2005. ^ a b c d e f "Graphic: Donkey Stampede". Columbus Dispatch. August 22, 2008. Archived from the original on May 10, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2009.  ^ "President / Vice President: November 4, 2008". Ohio Secretary of State. November 4, 2008. Retrieved March 10, 2015.  ^ Hallett, Joe; Mark Niquette; Jonathan Riskind (November 6, 2008). "Total-state Approach Aided Obama". Columbus Dispatch. Archived from the original on May 10, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2009.  ^ a b "Ohio – Election Results 2010 – The New York Times".  ^ Riskind, Jonathan (December 24, 2008). "Ohio likely to lose 2 seats in Congress in 2012". Columbus Dispatch. Archived from the original on May 10, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2009.  ^ Brady, Jessica (November 6, 2008). "Democrats Gain in Michigan and Ohio". Roll Call. Retrieved March 29, 2009.  ^ Nash, James (December 7, 2008). "Kilroy is Headed to Congress". Columbus Dispatch. Archived from the original on May 22, 2016. Retrieved March 29, 2009.  ^ "Senators of the 111th Congress". United States Senate. Retrieved March 29, 2009.  ^ "Rep. Marcy Kaptur (D-OH) Urges Homeowners to Stay in Foreclosed Homes". Democracy Now. February 3, 2009. Archived from the original on February 11, 2009. Retrieved March 29, 2009.  ^ a b Thomas J. Hennen's American Public Library Ratings for 2006 Archived October 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Average Statewide Scores". Archived from the original on October 29, 2008.  ^ "The Official Site of the Cincinnati Reds". Major League Baseball. Retrieved March 28, 2009.  ^ "The Official Site of the Cleveland Indians". Major League Baseball. Retrieved March 28, 2009.  ^ a b "NFL Teams". National Football League. Retrieved March 28, 2009.  ^ " Team Index". National Basketball Association. Retrieved March 28, 2009.  ^ "NHL Teams". National Hockey League. Retrieved March 28, 2009.  ^ "Major League Soccer Teams". Major League Soccer. Archived from the original on February 21, 2009. Retrieved March 28, 2009.  ^ Griffith, Grant (2007). "Legend of the Cincinnati Red Stockings". Cincinnati Vintage Base Ball Club. Retrieved March 28, 2009.  ^ "Ohio Attorney General". Ohio Attorney General. Retrieved July 6, 2009.  ^ "Herb Capital of Ohio". Ohio Historical Society. July 1, 2005. Retrieved March 27, 2009. 

References Cayton, Andrew R. L. (2002). Ohio: The History of a People. Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University Press. ISBN 0-8142-0899-1 Knepper, George W. (1989). Ohio and Its People. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press. ISBN 978-0-87338-791-0 Mithun, Marianne (1999). Languages of Native North America. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Morris, Roy, Jr. (1992). Sheridan: The Life and Wars of General Phil Sheridan. New York: Crown Publishing. ISBN 0-517-58070-5. Holli, Melvin G. (1999). The American Mayor. State College, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press. ISBN 0-271-01876-3 Roseboom, Eugene H.; Weisenburger, Francis P. (1967). A History of Ohio. Columbus: The Ohio Historical Society.

External links Find more aboutOhioat Wikipedia's sister projects Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity State of Ohio Official Website Ohio State Facts from USDA U.S. Census Bureau (Ohio Quick Facts) USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Ohio Ohio at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Geographic data related to Ohio at OpenStreetMap Preceded by Tennessee List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union Admitted on March 1, 1803 (17th) Succeeded by Louisiana Topics related to Ohio The Buckeye State v t e  State of Ohio Columbus (capital) Topics History Geography People Government Administrative divisions Law Elections Delegations Colleges and universities Motto Tourist attractions Portal Society Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Politics Sports Regions Allegheny Plateau Appalachian Ohio Black Swamp The Bluegrass Extreme Northwest Ohio Glacial till plains Lake Erie Lake Erie Islands Mahoning Valley Miami Valley Northeast Ohio Northwest Ohio Vacationland Western Reserve Metro areas Akron Canton Cincinnati Cleveland Columbus Dayton Findlay-Tiffin Huntington-Ashland Lima Mansfield Steubenville Toledo Youngstown-Warren Largest cities Akron Canton Cincinnati Cleveland Columbus Cuyahoga Falls Dayton Elyria Euclid Hamilton Kettering Lakewood Lorain Mansfield Mentor Middletown Newark Parma Springfield Toledo Youngstown Counties Adams Allen Ashland Ashtabula Athens Auglaize Belmont Brown Butler Carroll Champaign Clark Clermont Clinton Columbiana Coshocton Crawford Cuyahoga Darke Defiance Delaware Erie Fairfield Fayette Franklin Fulton Gallia Geauga Greene Guernsey Hamilton Hancock Hardin Harrison Henry Highland Hocking Holmes Huron Jackson Jefferson Knox Lake Lawrence Licking Logan Lorain Lucas Madison Mahoning Marion Medina Meigs Mercer Miami Monroe Montgomery Morgan Morrow Muskingum Noble Ottawa Paulding Perry Pickaway Pike Portage Preble Putnam Richland Ross Sandusky Scioto Seneca Shelby Stark Summit Trumbull Tuscarawas Union Van Wert Vinton Warren Washington Wayne Williams Wood Wyandot v t e Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in Ohio Andrew Ginther (D) (Columbus) Frank G. Jackson (D) (Cleveland) John Cranley (D) (Cincinnati) Wade Kapszukiewicz (D) (Toledo) Dan Horrigan (D) (Akron) Nan Whaley (D) (Dayton) v t e Protected areas of Ohio Federal National parks Cuyahoga Valley National historical parks and sites Dayton Aviation Heritage NHP First Ladies NHS Hopewell Culture NHP James A. Garfield NHS William Howard Taft NHS National Monuments Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National memorials David Berger Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial National trails North Country Trail National forests Wayne National wildlife refuges Cedar Point Ottawa West Sister Island National estuarine research reserve Old Woman Creek National Natural Landmarks Brown's Lake Bog Cedar Bog Dysart Woods Fort Hill State Memorial Glen Helen Nature Preserve Mantua Swamp Tinkers Creek Gorge State State parks Adams Lake Alum Creek A. W. Marion Barkcamp Beaver Creek Blue Rock Buck Creek Buckeye Lake Burr Oak Caesar Creek Catawba Island Cleveland Lakefront Cowan Lake Deer Creek Delaware Dillon East Fork East Harbor Findley Forked Run Geneva Grand Lake St. Marys Great Seal Guilford Lake Harrison Lake Headlands Beach Hocking Hills Hueston Woods Independence Dam Indian Lake Jackson Lake Jefferson Lake John Bryan Kelleys Island Kiser Lake Lake Alma Lake Hope Lake Logan Lake Loramie Lake Milton Lake White Little Miami Madison Lake Malabar Farm Marblehead Lighthouse Mary Jane Thurston Middle Bass Island Maumee Bay Mohican Mosquito Lake Mt. Gilead Muskingum River Nelson Kennedy Ledges Paint Creek Pike Lake Portage Lakes Punderson Pymatuning Quail Hollow Rocky Fork Salt Fork Scioto Trail Shawnee South Bass Island Stonelick Strouds Run Sycamore Tar Hollow Tinkers Creek Van Buren West Branch Wingfoot Lake Wolf Run State forests Beaver Creek Blue Rock Brush Creek Dean Fernwood Gifford Harrison Hocking Maumee Mohican-Memorial Perry Pike Richland Furnace Scioto Trail Shade River Shawnee Sunfish Creek Tar Hollow Yellow Creek Zaleski State nature preserves Acadia Cliffs Adams Lake Prairie Audubon Islands Augusta-Anne Olsen Aurora Sanctuary Baker Woods Evans Beck Memorial Betsch Fen Bigelow Cemetery Blackhand Gorge Bonnet Pond Boord Brown's Lake Bog Burton Wetlands Caesar Creek Gorge Lou Campbell Carmean Woods Cedar Bog Chaparral Prairie Christmas Rocks Clear Creek Clear Fork Gorge Clifton Gorge Howard Collier Compass Plant Prairie Conkle's Hollow Copperrider-Kent Bog Crabill Fen Cranberry Bog Crane Hollow Crooked Run Culberson Woods Davey Woods Davis Memorial Marie J. Desonier Drew Woods Dupont Marsh Eagle Creek Emerald Hills Erie Sand Barrens Etawah Woods Flatiron Lake Bog Fowler Woods Frame Lake Fen Gahanna Woods Gallagher/Springfield Fen Goll Woods Goode Prairie Gott Fen Greenbelt Greenville Falls Gross Memorial Woods Hatch-Otis Halls Creek Headlands Dunes Hueston Woods Hutchins (Highland) Irwin Prairie Jackson Bog Johnson Ridge Johnson Woods Karlo Fen Kendrick Woods Kessler Swamp Kiser Lake Wetlands Kitty Todd Knox Woods Kyle Woods Ladd Natural Bridge Lake Katharine Lakeside Daisy Lawrence Woods Little Rocky Hollow Mantua Bog Marsh Wetlands McCracken Fen Mentor Marsh Milford Center Railroad Prairie Miller Morris Woods Mud Lake Bog Myersville Newberry North Pond North Shore Alvar Novak Sanctuary Old Woman Creek Owens/Liberty Fen Pallister Pickerington Ponds Portage Lakes Wetland Prairie Road Fen William C. McCoy Raven Rock Rhododendeon Cove Rockbridge Rome Rothenbuhler Woods Saltpetre Cave Sears Woods Seymour Woods Shallenberger Sharon Woods Gorge Sheepskin Hollow Sheick Hollow Sheldon Marsh Shoemaker Siegenthaler-Kaestner Esker Smith Cemetery Spring Beauty Dell Spring Brook Sanctuary Springville Marsh Stage's Pond Strait Creek Prairie Stratford Woods Swamp Cottonwood Edward Thomas Tinker's Creek Travertine Fen Triangle Lake Bog Trillium Trails Walter Tucker Tummonds Warder-Perkins Whipple White Pine Bog Forest Zimmerman Prairie State scenic rivers Big Darby Creek Chagrin River Conneaut Creek Cuyahoga River Grand River Greenville Creek Kokosing River Little Beaver Creek Little Darby Creek Little Miami River Maumee River Mohican River Olentangy River Sandusky River Stillwater River Regional Metro Parks Ashtabula County Metroparks Cleveland Metroparks Columbus Metro Parks Erie MetroParks Five Rivers MetroParks Geauga Park District Hamilton County Park District Johnny Appleseed Metro Parks Lake Metroparks Lorain County Metro Parks Metroparks of Butler County Metro Parks, Serving Summit County Metroparks of the Toledo Area Mill Creek MetroParks Trumbull County MetroParks Ohio Department of Natural Resources (web) v t e Midwestern United States Topics Culture Geography Economy Government and Politics History Sports States Ohio Kentucky Indiana Michigan Illinois Missouri Iowa Wisconsin Minnesota North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Kansas Major cities Chicago Detroit Minneapolis St. Paul St. Louis Cleveland Columbus Dayton Cincinnati Louisville Grand Rapids Fort Wayne Indianapolis Milwaukee Green Bay Madison Des Moines Kansas City Wichita Omaha Sioux Falls Rapid City Fargo State capitals Columbus Frankfort Indianapolis Lansing Springfield Jefferson City Des Moines Madison St. Paul Bismarck Pierre Lincoln Topeka v t e  New France (1534–1763) Subdivisions Acadia (1604–1713) Canada (1608–1763) Pays d'en Haut Domaine du roy Louisiana (1682–1762, 1802–1803) Illinois Country Ohio Country Newfoundland (1662–1713) Île Royale (1713–1763) Towns Acadia (Port Royal) Canada Quebec Trois-Rivières Montreal Détroit Île Royale Louisbourg Louisiana Mobile Biloxi New Orleans Newfoundland Plaisance List of towns Forts Fort Rouillé Fort Michilimackinac Fort de Buade Fort de Chartres Fort Detroit Fort Carillon Fort Condé Fort Duquesne Fortress of Louisbourg Castle Hill Fort St. Louis (Illinois) Fort St. Louis (Texas) List of Forts Government Canada Governor General Intendant Sovereign Council Bishop of Quebec Governor of Trois-Rivières Governor of Montreal Acadia Governor Lieutenant-General Newfoundland Governor Lieutenant-General Louisiana Governor Intendant Superior Council Île Royale Governor Intendant Superior Council Law Intendancy Superior Council Admiralty court Provostship Officiality Seigneurial court Bailiff Maréchaussée Code Noir Economy Seigneurial system Fur trade Company of 100 Associates Crozat's Company Mississippi Company Compagnie de l'Occident Chemin du Roy Coureur des bois Voyageurs Society Population 1666 census Habitants King's Daughters Casquette girls Métis Amerindians Slavery Plaçage Gens de couleur libres Religion Jesuit missions Récollets Grey Nuns Ursulines Sulpicians War and peace Military of New France Intercolonial Wars French and Iroquois Wars Great Upheaval Great Peace of Montreal Schenectady massacre Deerfield massacre Related French colonization of the Americas French colonial empire History of Quebec History of the Acadians History of the French-Americans French West Indies Carib Expulsion Atlantic slave trade Category Portal Commons v t e Political divisions of the United States States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Federal district Washington, D.C. Insular areas American Samoa Guam Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico U.S. Virgin Islands Outlying islands Baker Island Howland Island Jarvis Island Johnston Atoll Kingman Reef Midway Atoll Navassa Island Palmyra Atoll Wake Island Indian reservations List of Indian reservations Coordinates: 40°30′N 82°30′W / 40.5°N 82.5°W / 40.5; -82.5 Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 144232296 LCCN: n79049197 ISNI: 0000 0004 0426 5081 GND: 4043387-0 SUDOC: 171466578 NDL: 00628316 Retrieved from "" Categories: OhioStates of the United StatesMidwestern United StatesStates and territories established in 1803Former British colonies and protectorates in the AmericasFormer French colonies1803 establishments in the United StatesHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksCS1 errors: chapter ignoredAll articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from July 2016Articles with permanently dead external linksWikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pagesWikipedia indefinitely move-protected pagesUse mdy dates from April 2017Articles with hAudio microformatsArticles including recorded pronunciations (English)All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from December 2017All Wikipedia articles needing words, phrases or quotes attributedWikipedia articles needing words, phrases or quotes attributed from October 2016All accuracy disputesArticles with disputed statements from September 2017Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2000All articles containing potentially dated statementsArticles containing potentially dated statements from 2016Articles with unsourced statements from March 2013Wikipedia articles in need of updating from March 2017All Wikipedia articles in need of updatingArticles containing potentially dated statements from 2008Articles with dead external links from August 2012Articles to be expanded from September 2017All articles to be expandedArticles using small message boxesArticles with unsourced statements from August 2014Articles with Curlie linksCoordinates on WikidataWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiers

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadView sourceView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia CommonsWikivoyage Languages AfrikaansአማርኛÆngliscالعربيةAragonésܐܪܡܝܐArpetanAsturianuAvañe'ẽAymar aruAzərbaycancaتۆرکجهবাংলাBân-lâm-gúБашҡортсаБеларускаяБеларуская (тарашкевіца)‎भोजपुरीBikol CentralBislamaБългарскиBoarischབོད་ཡིགBosanskiBrezhonegБуряадCatalàЧӑвашлаCebuanoČeštinaChavacano de ZamboangaCorsuCymraegDanskDavvisámegiellaDeitschDeutschDiné bizaadEestiΕλληνικάEmiliàn e rumagnòlEspañolEsperantoEuskaraفارسیFiji HindiFøroysktFrançaisFryskGaeilgeGaelgGagauzGàidhligGalegoگیلکی客家語/Hak-kâ-ngîХальмг한국어HawaiʻiՀայերենहिन्दीHornjoserbsceHrvatskiIdoIgboIlokanoবিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরীBahasa IndonesiaInterlinguaInterlingueᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitutIñupiakИронÍslenskaItalianoעבריתBasa Jawaಕನ್ನಡKapampanganქართულიҚазақшаKernowekKiswahiliKreyòl ayisyenKurdîКырык марыLadinoلۊری شومالیLatinaLatviešuLëtzebuergeschLietuviųLigureLimburgsLa .lojban.LumbaartMagyarमैथिलीМакедонскиMalagasyമലയാളംMāoriमराठीმარგალურიمصرىمازِرونیBahasa MelayuMìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄Монголမြန်မာဘာသာNāhuatlDorerin NaoeroNederlandsनेपालीनेपाल भाषा日本語НохчийнNordfriiskNorskNorsk nynorskOccitanОлык марийOʻzbekcha/ўзбекчаਪੰਜਾਬੀपालिپنجابیPapiamentuPiemontèisPlattdüütschPolskiPortuguêsRipoarischRomânăRumantschRuna SimiРусскийСаха тылаसंस्कृतम्SarduScotsSeelterskShqipSicilianuSimple EnglishSlovenčinaSlovenščinaŚlůnskiکوردیСрпски / srpskiSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиSuomiSvenskaTagalogதமிழ்TaqbaylitТатарча/tatarçaไทยТоҷикӣTürkçeУкраїнськаاردوئۇيغۇرچە / UyghurcheVènetoTiếng ViệtVolapük文言WinarayייִדישYorùbá粵語ZazakiZeêuwsŽemaitėška中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 24 March 2018, at 16:25. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"1.672","walltime":"2.002","ppvisitednodes":{"value":13148,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":566249,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":126733,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":15,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":28,"limit":500},"unstrip-depth":{"value":0,"limit":20},"unstrip-size":{"value":140660,"limit":5000000},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 1531.331 1 -total"," 39.05% 598.026 1 Template:Reflist"," 20.31% 311.058 69 Template:Cite_web"," 9.50% 145.490 6 Template:Infobox"," 7.94% 121.582 1 Template:Navboxes"," 5.81% 88.894 9 Template:Navbox"," 5.20% 79.678 1 Template:Infobox_U.S._state"," 4.43% 67.795 10 Template:Fix"," 3.70% 56.655 1 Template:Pp-semi-indef"," 3.67% 56.247 12 Template:Cite_journal"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.758","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":12430110,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1277","timestamp":"20180324162504","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":130,"wgHostname":"mw1320"});});

Education_in_Ohio - Photos and All Basic Informations

Education_in_Ohio More Links

This Article Is Semi-protected.Ohio RiverOhio (disambiguation)Flag Of OhioState Seal Of OhioFlag Of OhioSeal Of OhioList Of U.S. State NicknamesList Of U.S. State And Territory MottosWith God, All Things Are PossibleMap Of The United States With Ohio HighlightedLanguages Of The United StatesDe JureDe FactoLanguages Of The United StatesDemonymList Of Capitals In The United StatesList Of U.S. States' Largest Cities By PopulationColumbus, OhioList Of Metropolitan Statistical AreasColumbus Metropolitan Area, OhioGreater ClevelandGreater CincinnatiList Of U.S. States And Territories By AreaList Of U.S. States And Territories By PopulationList Of U.S. States By Population DensityList Of U.S. States By Population DensityHousehold Income In The United StatesList Of U.S. States By ElevationCampbell Hill (Ohio)Ohio RiverIndianaAdmission To The UnionOhioGovernor Of OhioJohn KasichLieutenant Governor Of OhioMary Taylor (politician)LegislatureOhio General AssemblyUpper HouseOhio SenateLower HouseOhio House Of RepresentativesList Of United States Senators From OhioSherrod BrownRob PortmanUnited States House Of RepresentativesUnited States Congressional Delegations From OhioList Of Time Offsets By U.S. StateEastern Time ZoneCoordinated Universal TimeEastern Time ZoneEastern Daylight TimeISO 3166ISO 3166-2:USList Of U.S. State AbbreviationsList Of Ohio State SymbolsFlag Of OhioSeal Of OhioList Of U.S. State AmphibiansSpotted SalamanderList Of U.S. State BirdsNorthern CardinalList Of U.S. State FlowersDianthus CaryophyllusList Of U.S. State InsectsCoccinellidaeList Of U.S. State MammalsWhite-tailed DeerU.S. State ReptilesColuber ConstrictorList Of U.S. State TreesAesculus GlabraList Of U.S. State BeveragesTomato JuiceList Of U.S. State FossilsIsotelusTrilobiteList Of U.S. State Minerals, Rocks, Stones And GemstonesFlintList Of U.S. State And Territory MottosList Of U.S. State, District, And Territorial NicknamesList Of U.S. State SongsBeautiful OhioHang On SloopyTrillium GrandiflorumAsimina TrilobaNumbered Highways In The United StatesOhio State Route Marker50 State QuartersOhio Quarter Dollar CoinLists Of United States State SymbolsHelp:IPA/EnglishAbout This SoundMidwestern United StatesGreat Lakes RegionUnited StatesList Of U.S. States And Territories By AreaList Of U.S. States And Territories By PopulationList Of U.S. States And Territories By Population DensityList Of States And Territories Of The United StatesList Of Cities In OhioColumbus, OhioOhio RiverIroquoian LanguagesNorthwest TerritoryNorthwest OrdinanceAesculus GlabraList Of Governors Of OhioOhio General AssemblySupreme Court Of OhioUnited States House Of RepresentativesSwing StateBellwetherPresidents Of The United StatesList Of Presidents Of The United States By Home StateWikipedia:Citation NeededList Of Ohio CountiesList Of Cities In OhioList Of Villages In OhioList Of Ohio TownshipsOhio Public LandsList Of Lakes In OhioLake ErieOhio RiverPennsylvaniaMichiganLake ErieIndianaKentuckyWest VirginiaMetes And BoundsEnabling Act Of 1802Great Miami RiverLake MichiganEnlargeLake ErieU.S. Supreme CourtVirginiaToledo WarGlacial Till Plains (Ohio)Great Black SwampGlaciated Allegheny PlateauUnglaciated Allegheny PlateauAppalachian OhioEnlargeNorthern Panhandle Of West VirginiaSocioeconomicsUnited States CongressEnlargeList Of Rivers Of OhioCuyahoga RiverGreat Miami RiverMaumee RiverMuskingum RiverScioto RiverLake ErieSt. Lawrence RiverGulf Of MexicoOhio RiverMississippi RiverGreat Dayton FloodGreat Miami RiverDayton, OhioMiami Conservancy DistrictGrand Lake St. MarysCanalCategory:Canals In OhioEnlargeHumid Continental ClimateKöppen Climate ClassificationBluegrass RegionHumid Subtropical ClimateUpland SouthTornadoTornado AlleyLake Effect SnowLake ErieSnowbeltBlackjack OakSubtropicalContinental ClimateMagnolia GrandifloraAlbizia JulibrissinCrape MyrtleNeedle PalmBluegrass RegionInterstate 75CincinnatiToledo, OhioCommon Wall LizardColumbus, OhioClevelandCincinnatiToledo, OhioAkron, OhioDayton, OhioCanton, OhioFahrenheitCelsiusGallipolis, OhioMilligan, OhioGreat Blizzard Of 1899Richter Magnitude ScaleAnna, OhioMercalli Intensity ScaleLima, OhioPortsmouth, OhioLeRoy Township, Lake County, OhioEastern Time ZoneYoungstown, OhioTrumbull County, OhioMahoning County, OhioList Of Cities In OhioTemplate:Largest CitiesTemplate Talk:Largest CitiesList Of Cities In OhioCounties Of OhioColumbusColumbus, OhioClevelandClevelandColumbus, OhioFranklin County, OhioCincinnatiCincinnatiToledoToledo, OhioClevelandCuyahoga County, OhioCincinnatiHamilton County, OhioToledo, OhioLucas County, OhioAkron, OhioSummit County, OhioDayton, OhioMontgomery County, OhioParma, OhioCuyahoga County, OhioCanton, OhioStark County, OhioYoungstown, OhioMahoning County, OhioLorain, OhioLorain County, OhioColumbus, OhioThe Ohio State UniversityFranklin UniversityCapital UniversityOhio Dominican UniversityUnited States Metropolitan AreaAkron, OhioUniversity Of AkronAkron Art MuseumGoodyear Tire And Rubber CompanyCanton, OhioPro Football Hall Of FameMalone UniversityThe Timken CompanyCincinnati, OhioUniversity Of CincinnatiXavier UniversityCincinnati Museum CenterCincinnati Symphony OrchestraProcter & GambleKrogerMacy's Inc.Fifth Third BankCleveland, OhioCleveland State UniversityPlayhouse Square CenterThe Cleveland Museum Of ArtThe Cleveland OrchestraCase Western Reserve UniversityThe Cleveland ClinicRock And Roll Hall Of FameForest City EnterprisesUniversity HospitalsDayton, OhioUniversity Of DaytonDayton BalletWright State UniversityPremier Health PartnersNational Museum Of The United States Air ForceLima, OhioUniversity Of Northwestern OhioMansfield, OhioNorth Central State CollegeMansfield Motorsports ParkSandusky, OhioCedar PointKalahari Resort And Convention CenterSpringfield, OhioWittenberg UniversityWeirton-Steubenville Metropolitan Statistical AreaFranciscan University Of SteubenvilleToledo, OhioThe University Of ToledoThe Toledo Museum Of ArtOwens CorningOwens-IllinoisYoungstown, OhioYoungstown State UniversityButler Institute Of American ArtUnited States Micropolitan AreaAshland, OhioAshland UniversityAshtabula, OhioAthens, OhioOhio UniversityBellefontaine, OhioBucyrus, OhioCambridge, OhioCelina, OhioChillicothe, OhioOhio University-ChillicotheCoshocton, OhioDefiance, OhioDefiance CollegeFindlay, OhioThe University Of FindlayFremont, OhioGreenville, OhioMarion, OhioMarion Popcorn FestivalMount Vernon, OhioMount Vernon Nazarene UniversityNew Philadelphia, OhioDover, OhioNorwalk, OhioNHRASummit Racing Equipment Motorsports ParkInternational Hot Rod AssociationFisher BodyOxford, OhioMiami UniversityPortsmouth, OhioShawnee State UniversitySalem, OhioSidney, OhioTiffin, OhioHeidelberg CollegeTiffin UniversityUrbana, OhioUrbana UniversityVan Wert, OhioWapakoneta, OhioApollo 11AstronautNeil ArmstrongWashington Court House, OhioWilmington, OhioWilmington College (Ohio)Wooster, OhioThe College Of WoosterZanesville, OhioZane State CollegeHistory Of OhioNomadArchaeological CultureWikipedia:Attribution NeededAdena CultureThomas Worthington (governor)Chillicothe, OhioSquash (plant)SunflowersMaizeGreat Serpent MoundAdams County, OhioEnlargeIroquoisBeaver WarsOhio RiverHopewell TraditionEarthworks (archaeology)Marietta, OhioNewark, OhioCircleville, OhioMississippian CultureFort AncientMonongahela CultureIroquois ConfederationBeaver WarsAlgonquian LanguagesMaizeBeanFur TradePetunErie PeopleNeutral NationWyandot PeopleMingoIroquois ConfederacyMiami PeopleMascoutenLenapeShawneeOdawaMosopeleaOhio CountryChief LoganGnadenhutten MassacrePontiac's Rebellion School MassacreIndian Removal ActFrench Colonisation Of The AmericasTrading PostKingdom Of Great BritainFrench And Indian WarSeven Years' WarTreaty Of Paris (1763)Old NorthwestPontiac's RebellionAmerican RevolutionTreaty Of Paris (1783)EnlargeNorthwest OrdinanceFederal Hall National MemorialNorthwest TerritoryNorthwest OrdinanceSlave States And Free StatesMarietta, OhioOhio Company Of AssociatesMiami PurchaseSymmes PurchaseConnecticut Land CompanyConnecticut Western ReserveNortheast OhioOhio CountryIllinois CountryIndiana TerritoryLower Peninsula Of MichiganUpper Peninsula Of MichiganNorthwest OrdinanceUnited States CongressLeni LenapeMuskingum RiverMoravian BrethrenEnlargeJames A. GarfieldList Of Presidents Of The United StatesThomas JeffersonWikipedia:Disputed StatementTalk:OhioLouisianaGeorge H. BenderOhio General AssemblyChillicothe, OhioDwight D. EisenhowerJoint ResolutionZanesville, OhioColumbus, OhioShawneeTecumsehTecumseh's ConfederacyTecumseh's RebellionAndrew JacksonIndian RemovalIndian TerritoryMichiganToledo WarUpper Peninsula Of MichiganEnlargeEnlargeU.S. Route 52 In OhioAmerican Civil WarBattle Of ShilohConfederate States ArmyStonewall JacksonDavid TodMorgan's RaidUlysses S. GrantWilliam T. ShermanPhilip SheridanProgressive EraConstitutional AmendmentVirginiaWilliam Henry HarrisonJohn Cleves SymmesNorth Bend, OhioUlysses S. GrantRutherford B. HayesJames A. GarfieldBenjamin HarrisonWilliam McKinleyWilliam Howard TaftWarren G. Harding1800 United States Census1810 United States Census1820 United States Census1830 United States Census1840 United States Census1850 United States Census1860 United States Census1870 United States Census1880 United States Census1890 United States Census1900 United States Census1910 United States Census1920 United States Census1930 United States Census1940 United States Census1950 United States Census1960 United States Census1970 United States Census1980 United States Census1990 United States Census2000 United States Census2010 United States Census1970 United States CensusUnited States Census Bureau2010 United States CensusCaucasian RaceCenter Of PopulationMorrow County, OhioCounty SeatMount Gilead, OhioEnlargeRace And Ethnicity In The United States CensusWhite AmericansNon-Hispanic WhitesAfrican AmericansAsian AmericansNative Americans In The United StatesHispanic And Latino AmericansUnited States CensusWhite AmericanNon-Hispanic WhitesBlack AmericanNative Americans In The United StatesAsian AmericanPacific Islander AmericanMultiracial AmericanHispanic Or Latino AmericansWhite AmericanAfrican AmericanAsian AmericanNative Americans In The United StatesNative HawaiianPacific IslanderRace And Ethnicity In The United States CensusMultiracial AmericanUS CitizenshipMexicoIndiaChinaGermanyPhilippinesUnited KingdomCanadaRussiaSouth KoreaUkraineGerman AmericanIrish AmericanEnglish AmericanItalian AmericanPolish AmericanFrench AmericanScottish AmericanHungarian OhioansDutch AmericanMexican AmericanSlovak AmericanWelsh AmericanScotch-Irish AmericanSub-Saharan AfricanPuerto Ricans In The United StatesSwiss AmericanSwedish AmericanArab AmericanGreek AmericanNorwegian AmericanRomanian AmericanAustrian AmericanLithuanian AmericanFinnish AmericanWest Indian AmericanPortuguese AmericanSlovene AmericanEnlargeAmerican EnglishSpanish Language In The United StatesGerman Language In The United StatesChinese Language In The United StatesArabic LanguageFrench In The United StatesSlavic LanguageWest Germanic LanguagesSlovene LanguageSlovak LanguagePennsylvania German LanguageSerbian LanguageEnlargeAmishPew ForumEvangelicalismMainline (Protestant)History Of The Jews In OhioJehovah's WitnessesIslamHinduismBuddhismMormonismAssociation Of Religion Data ArchivesCatholic ChurchUnited Methodist ChurchEvangelical Lutheran Church In AmericaSouthern Baptist ConventionUnited Church Of ChristPresbyterian Church (USA)List Of U.S. States By Amish PopulationProtestantCatholicIrreligionMormonJewishJehovah's WitnessMuslimBuddhistEconomy Of OhioOhio Locations By Per Capita IncomeEnlargeDistrict Of ColumbiaU.S. News And World ReportUnemployment RateGreat Recession In The United StatesMedian Household IncomeManufacturingFinancial IndustryHealth Care IndustryProcter & GambleGoodyear Tire & RubberAK SteelTimken CompanyAbercrombie & FitchWendy'sOhio LotteryLincoln HighwayCanton, OhioMansfield, OhioWooster, OhioLima, OhioVan Wert, OhioU.S. Route 30 (Ohio)National RoadU.S. Route 40 In OhioOhio TurnpikeInterstate 80 (Ohio)Interstate 90 (Ohio)Interstate 76 (Ohio)Akron, OhioPennsylvaniaInterstate 70 (Ohio)Columbus, OhioDayton, OhioAppalachian Highway (Ohio)State Route 32 (Ohio)West VirginiaCincinnatiInterstate 75 (Ohio)Toledo, OhioInterstate 71 (Ohio)ClevelandKentuckyInterstate 77 (Ohio)Canton, OhioNew Philadelphia, OhioMarietta, OhioRail TrailOhio To Erie TrailU.S. Bicycle Route 50Steubenville, OhioRichmond, IndianaBuckeye TrailNorth Country TrailNational Scenic TrailUnited States CongressAmerican Discovery TrailUnited StatesList Of Airports In OhioCleveland Hopkins International AirportJohn Glenn Columbus International AirportDayton International AirportAkron Fulton International AirportRickenbacker International AirportWikipedia:Citation NeededWright Patterson Air Force BaseToledo Express AirportAkron-Canton AirportCincinnati/Northern Kentucky International AirportHebron, KentuckyList Of Ohio State HighwaysList Of Ohio Train StationsList Of Ohio RailroadsList Of Ohio RiversHistoric Ohio CanalsGovernment Of OhioEnlargeOhio State CapitolColumbus, OhioList Of Governors Of OhioJohn KasichRepublican Party (United States)Lieutenant Governor Of OhioMary Taylor (Ohio Politician)Ohio Secretary Of StateJon A. HustedOhio State AuditorDave Yost (Ohio Politician)Ohio State TreasurerJosh Mandel (politician)Ohio Attorney GeneralMike DeWineJudiciaryOhio Supreme CourtCertiorariOhio General AssemblyBicameralOhio SenateOhio House Of RepresentativesElectoral DistrictPolitics Of OhioPolitical Party Strength In OhioOhio Democratic PartyOhio Republican PartyRepublican Party (United States)Democratic Party (United States)United States Presidential Election, 2016United States Presidential Election, 2012United States Presidential Election, 2008United States Presidential Election, 2004United States Presidential Election, 2000United States Presidential Election, 1996United States Presidential Election, 1992United States Presidential Election, 1988United States Presidential Election, 1984United States Presidential Election, 1980United States Presidential Election, 1976United States Presidential Election, 1972United States Presidential Election, 1968United States Presidential Election, 1964United States Presidential Election, 1960EnlargeTreemapUlysses S. GrantRutherford B. HayesJames A. GarfieldBenjamin HarrisonWilliam McKinleyWilliam Howard TaftWarren G. HardingPresident Of The United StatesHistory Of The United States Republican PartyVirginiaWilliam Henry HarrisonWhig Party (United States)The EconomistUnited States Presidential Election, 1964American Civil WarDemocratic Party (United States)Republican Party (United States)Wikipedia:Link RotWikipedia:Link RotIndependent (voter)Wikipedia:Link RotWikipedia:Link RotWikipedia:Link RotUnited States Presidential Election In Ohio, 2008United States SenateBarack ObamaIllinoisDirect ElectionJohn McCainArizonaList Of Counties In OhioUnited States Census, 2000List Of United States Congressional DistrictsUnited States House Of RepresentativesUnited States House Elections, 2008United States Senate112th CongressRob PortmanSherrod BrownMarcia KapturOhio's 9th Congressional DistrictPublic EducationOhio ConstitutionOhio Revised CodeOhio UniversityNorthwest TerritoryEducation In The United StatesOhio State Board Of EducationOhio Board Of RegentsUniversity System Of OhioEnlargeList Of Colleges And Universities In OhioBowling Green State UniversityBowling Green, OhioCentral State UniversityWilberforce, OhioCleveland State UniversityClevelandKent State UniversityKent, OhioMiami UniversityOxford, OhioThe Ohio State UniversityColumbus, OhioOhio UniversityAthens, OhioShawnee State UniversityPortsmouth, OhioUniversity Of AkronAkron, OhioUniversity Of CincinnatiCincinnatiUniversity Of ToledoToledo, OhioWright State UniversityDayton, OhioFairborn, OhioYoungstown State UniversityYoungstown, OhioMedical SchoolBoonshoft School Of MedicineHeritage College Of Osteopathic MedicineNortheast Ohio Medical UniversityOSU College Of Medicine And Public HealthUniversity Of Cincinnati Academic Health CenterUniversity Of Toledo Medical CenterHennen's American Public Library RatingsColumbus Metropolitan LibraryCuyahoga County Public LibraryPublic Library Of Cincinnati And Hamilton CountyOhio Public Library Information Network (OPLIN)OhioLINKSport In OhioAmerican FootballIce HockeyCincinnati RedsOhio MachineCleveland IndiansCincinnati BengalsCleveland BrownsCleveland CavaliersColumbus Blue JacketsColumbus CrewCincinnati Red StockingsOhio LeaguePro Football Hall Of FameCanton, OhioMinor League BaseballArena FootballIndoor American FootballMid-Ohio Sports Car CourseCART World SeriesIndyCar SeriesNASCARNationwide SeriesCan-AmFormula 5000IMSA GT ChampionshipAmerican Le Mans SeriesRolex Sports Car SeriesGrand Prix Of ClevelandEldora SpeedwayCamping World Truck SeriesWorld Of OutlawsUSAC Silver Crown SeriesPGA TourWGC-Bridgestone InvitationalMemorial TournamentCincinnati MastersATP World Tour Masters 1000WTA Premier TournamentsNCAA Division I Football Bowl SubdivisionList Of NCAA ConferencesBig Ten ConferenceOhio State Buckeyes FootballWikipedia:Citation NeededHeisman TrophyMid-American ConferenceUniversity Of AkronBowling Green State UniversityKent State UniversityMiami UniversityOhio UniversityUniversity Of ToledoCincinnati Bearcats FootballAmerican Athletic ConferenceList Of Ohio State SymbolsLists Of U.S. State InsigniaEnlargeOhio BuckeyeColumbus, OhioGahanna, OhioPortal:OhioOutline Of OhioIndex Of Ohio-related ArticlesWayback MachineMetropolitan Statistical AreaU.S. Census BureauUnited States Geological SurveyNorth American Vertical Datum Of 1988International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-4236-2382-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-521-29875-9Ohio State UniversityAppalachian Regional CommissionWayback MachineNational Climatic Data CenterNational Climatic Data CenterWayback MachineUnited StatesHelp:CS1 ErrorsHelp:CS1 ErrorsHelp:CS1 ErrorsHelp:CS1 ErrorsOhio Department Of Natural ResourcesHelp:CS1 ErrorsWayback MachineUnited States Statutes At LargeUnited States Statutes At LargeUnited States Census BureauBowling Green State UniversityU.S. Census BureauThe Plain DealerWayback MachineWayback MachineWikipedia:Link RotWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineWayback MachineMoney (magazine)General Services AdministrationDayton Daily NewsAmerican Association Of State Highway And Transportation OfficialsInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-7565-0316-1Columbus DispatchColumbus DispatchColumbus DispatchRoll CallColumbus DispatchUnited States SenateWayback MachineMajor League BaseballNational Football LeagueInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8142-0899-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-87338-791-0Cambridge University PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-517-58070-5Pennsylvania State UniversityInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-271-01876-3Ohio Historical SocietyWikipedia:Wikimedia Sister ProjectsDMOZOpenStreetMapTennesseeList Of U.S. States By Date Of Admission To The UnionLouisianaTemplate:OhioTemplate Talk:OhioU.S. StateColumbus, OhioIndex Of Ohio-related ArticlesHistory Of OhioOhioList Of People From OhioGovernment Of OhioAdministrative Divisions Of OhioLaw Of OhioElections In OhioUnited States Congressional Delegations From OhioList Of Colleges And Universities In OhioWith God, All Things Are PossibleCategory:Tourist Attractions In OhioPortal:OhioCategory:Ohio CultureCrime In OhioOhioEconomy Of OhioOhioPolitics Of OhioSports In OhioList Of Regions Of The United StatesAllegheny PlateauAppalachian OhioGreat Black SwampBluegrass RegionNorthwest OhioGlacial Till Plains (Ohio)Lake ErieLake Erie IslandsMahoning Valley (geographic)Miami ValleyNortheast OhioNorthwest OhioVacationland (Ohio)Connecticut Western ReserveOhio Statistical AreasAkron, Ohio, Metropolitan Statistical AreaCanton–Massillon, Ohio Metropolitan AreaCincinnati Metropolitan AreaGreater ClevelandColumbus Metropolitan Area (Ohio)Dayton Metropolitan AreaFindlay-Tiffin, Ohio CSAHuntington-Ashland Metropolitan AreaLima–Van Wert–Wapakoneta, OH, Combined Statistical AreaMansfield-Bucyrus, OH Combined Statistical AreaWeirton–Steubenville Metropolitan AreaToledo, OH Metropolitan Statistical AreaYoungstown–Warren–Boardman Metropolitan Statistical AreaList Of Cities In OhioAkron, OhioCanton, OhioCincinnatiClevelandColumbus, OhioCuyahoga Falls, OhioDayton, OhioElyria, OhioEuclid, OhioHamilton, OhioKettering, OhioLakewood, OhioLorain, OhioMansfield, OhioMentor, OhioMiddletown, OhioNewark, OhioParma, OhioSpringfield, OhioToledo, OhioYoungstown, OhioList Of Counties In OhioAdams County, OhioAllen County, OhioAshland County, OhioAshtabula County, OhioAthens County, OhioAuglaize County, OhioBelmont County, OhioBrown County, OhioButler County, OhioCarroll County, OhioChampaign County, OhioClark County, OhioClermont County, OhioClinton County, OhioColumbiana County, OhioCoshocton County, OhioCrawford County, OhioCuyahoga County, OhioDarke County, OhioDefiance County, OhioDelaware County, OhioErie County, OhioFairfield County, OhioFayette County, OhioFranklin County, OhioFulton County, OhioGallia County, OhioGeauga County, OhioGreene County, OhioGuernsey County, OhioHamilton County, OhioHancock County, OhioHardin County, OhioHarrison County, OhioHenry County, OhioHighland County, OhioHocking County, OhioHolmes County, OhioHuron County, OhioJackson County, OhioJefferson County, OhioKnox County, OhioLake County, OhioLawrence County, OhioLicking County, OhioLogan County, OhioLorain County, OhioLucas County, OhioMadison County, OhioMahoning County, OhioMarion County, OhioMedina County, OhioMeigs County, OhioMercer County, OhioMiami County, OhioMonroe County, OhioMontgomery County, OhioMorgan County, OhioMorrow County, OhioMuskingum County, OhioNoble County, OhioOttawa County, OhioPaulding County, OhioPerry County, OhioPickaway County, OhioPike County, OhioPortage County, OhioPreble County, OhioPutnam County, OhioRichland County, OhioRoss County, OhioSandusky County, OhioScioto County, OhioSeneca County, OhioShelby County, OhioStark County, OhioSummit County, OhioTrumbull County, OhioTuscarawas County, OhioUnion County, OhioVan Wert County, OhioVinton County, OhioWarren County, OhioWashington County, OhioWayne County, OhioWilliams County, OhioWood County, OhioWyandot County, OhioTemplate:Ohio Cities And Mayors Of 100,000 PopulationTemplate Talk:Ohio Cities And Mayors Of 100,000 PopulationList Of United States Cities By PopulationAndrew GintherDemocratic Party (United States)Columbus, OhioFrank G. JacksonDemocratic Party (United States)ClevelandJohn CranleyDemocratic Party (United States)CincinnatiWade KapszukiewiczDemocratic Party (United States)Toledo, OhioDan HorriganDemocratic Party (United States)Akron, OhioNan WhaleyDemocratic Party (United States)Dayton, OhioTemplate:Protected Areas Of OhioTemplate Talk:Protected Areas Of OhioProtected Areas Of OhioFederal Government Of The United StatesUnited States National ParkCuyahoga Valley National ParkNational Historical ParkDayton Aviation Heritage National Historical ParkFirst Ladies National Historic SiteHopewell Culture National Historical ParkJames A. Garfield National Historic SiteWilliam Howard Taft National Historic SiteU.S. National MonumentCharles Young Buffalo Soldiers National MonumentNational MemorialDavid Berger National MemorialPerry's Victory And International Peace MemorialNational Trails SystemNorth Country TrailUnited States National ForestWayne National ForestNational Wildlife RefugeCedar Point National Wildlife RefugeOttawa National Wildlife RefugeWest Sister Island National Wildlife RefugeNational Estuarine Research ReserveOld Woman Creek National Estuarine Research ReserveNational Natural LandmarkBrown's Lake BogCedar BogDysart WoodsFort Hill State MemorialGlen Helen Nature PreserveMantua SwampTinkers Creek (Cuyahoga River)Government Of OhioList Of Ohio State ParksAdams Lake State ParkAlum Creek State ParkA. W. Marion State ParkBarkcamp State ParkBeaver Creek State ParkBlue Rock State ParkBuck Creek State ParkBuckeye Lake State ParkBurr Oak State ParkCaesar Creek State ParkCatawba Island State ParkCowan Lake State ParkDelaware State ParkEast Fork State ParkEast Harbor State ParkForked Run State ParkGeneva State ParkGrand Lake St. Marys State ParkHarrison Lake State ParkHeadlands Beach State ParkHocking Hills State ParkHueston Woods State ParkIndependence Dam State ParkJackson Lake State Park (Ohio)John Bryan State ParkKelleys Island State ParkLake Hope State ParkLake Loramie State ParkLake White State ParkLittle Miami Scenic TrailMalabar Farm State ParkMarblehead Lighthouse State ParkMary Jane Thurston State ParkMaumee Bay State ParkMohican State ParkMt. Gilead State ParkNelson Kennedy Ledges State ParkPaint Creek State ParkPike Lake State Park (Ohio)Portage Lakes State ParkPunderson State ParkPymatuning State Park (Ohio)Quail Hollow State ParkRocky Fork State Park (Ohio)Salt Fork State ParkShawnee State Park (Ohio)Stonelick State ParkStrouds Run State ParkTar Hollow State ParkTinkers Creek State ParkVan Buren State Park (Ohio)West Branch State ParkWolf Run State ParkList Of Ohio State ForestsBeaver Creek State ForestBlue Rock State ForestBrush Creek State ForestDean State ForestFernwood State ForestGifford State Forest (Ohio)Harrison State ForestHocking State ForestMaumee State ForestMohican-Memorial State ForestPerry State ForestPike State Forest (Ohio)Richland Furnace State ForestScioto Trail State ForestShade River State ForestShawnee State ForestSunfish Creek State ForestTar Hollow State ForestYellow Creek State ForestZaleski State ForestAcadia Cliffs State Nature PreserveAdams Lake State ParkBlackhand Gorge State Nature PreserveBrown's Lake BogCedar BogChaparral Prairie State Nature PreserveConkle's Hollow State Nature PreserveTom S. Cooperrider-Kent Bog State Nature PreserveCulberson Woods State Nature PreserveDavey Woods State Nature PreserveMarie J. Desonier State Nature PreserveGoll Woods State Nature PreserveJackson Bog State Nature PreserveLake Katharine State Nature PreserveMantua Bog State Nature PreserveMarsh Wetlands State Nature PreserveRockbridge State Nature PreserveSiegenthaler-Kaestner Esker State Nature PreserveStage's Pond State Nature PreserveTriangle Lake Bog State Nature PreserveBig Darby CreekChagrin RiverConneaut CreekCuyahoga RiverGrand River (Ohio)Greenville CreekKokosing RiverLittle Beaver CreekLittle Darby Creek (Ohio)Little Miami RiverMaumee RiverMohican RiverOlentangy RiverSandusky RiverStillwater River (Ohio)Regional ParkRegional ParkCleveland MetroparksMetro Parks (Columbus, Ohio)Erie MetroParksFive Rivers MetroParksGeauga Park DistrictHamilton County Park DistrictLorain County Metro ParksMetro Parks, Serving Summit CountyMetroparks Of The Toledo AreaMill Creek ParkOhio Department Of Natural ResourcesTemplate:Midwestern United StatesTemplate Talk:Midwestern United StatesMidwestern United StatesMidwestern United StatesMidwestern United StatesMidwestern United StatesMidwestern United StatesKentuckyIndianaMichiganIllinoisMissouriIowaWisconsinMinnesotaNorth DakotaSouth DakotaNebraskaKansasChicagoDetroitMinneapolisSaint Paul, MinnesotaSt. LouisClevelandColumbus, OhioDayton, OhioCincinnatiLouisville, KentuckyGrand Rapids, MichiganFort Wayne, IndianaIndianapolisMilwaukeeGreen Bay, WisconsinMadison, WisconsinDes Moines, IowaKansas City, MissouriWichita, KansasOmaha, NebraskaSioux Falls, South DakotaRapid City, South DakotaFargo, North DakotaColumbus, OhioFrankfort, KentuckyIndianapolisLansing, MichiganSpringfield, IllinoisJefferson City, MissouriDes Moines, IowaMadison, WisconsinSaint Paul, MinnesotaBismarck, North DakotaPierre, South DakotaLincoln, NebraskaTopeka, KansasTemplate:New FranceTemplate Talk:New FranceNew FranceAcadiaCanada (New France)Pays D'en HautDomaine Du RoyLouisiana (New France)Illinois CountryOhio CountryHistory Of Newfoundland And LabradorCape Breton IslandHabitation At Port-RoyalHistory Of Quebec CityTrois-RivièresHistory Of MontrealHistory Of DetroitFortress Of LouisbourgHistory Of Mobile, AlabamaBiloxi, MississippiHistory Of New OrleansPlacentia, Newfoundland And LabradorList Of Towns In New FranceFort RouilléFort MichilimackinacFort De BuadeFort De ChartresFort DetroitFort TiconderogaFort CondeFort DuquesneFortress Of LouisbourgCastle Hill, Newfoundland And LabradorStarved Rock State ParkFrench Colonization Of TexasList Of French Forts In North AmericaGovernor General Of New FranceIntendant Of New FranceSovereign Council Of New FranceRoman Catholic Archdiocese Of QuebecList Of Governors Of Trois-RivièresGovernor Of MontrealList Of Governors Of AcadiaList Of Lieutenant Governors Of Newfoundland And LabradorList Of Colonial Governors Of LouisianaIntendantSovereign Council Of New FranceAdmiralty CourtProvost (civil)Ecclesiastical CourtBailiffMarshalCode NoirSeigneurial System Of New FranceNorth American Fur TradeCompany Of One Hundred AssociatesAntoine CrozatMississippi CompanyCompagnie De L'OccidentChemin Du RoyCoureur Des BoisVoyageursPopulation Of New France1666 Census Of New FranceHabitantsKing's DaughtersCasquette GirlMétisIndigenous Peoples Of The AmericasSlavery In Canada (New France)PlaçageGens De Couleur LibresJesuit Missions In North AmericaRecollectsGrey NunsUrsulinesSociety Of Saint-SulpiceMilitary Of New FranceFrench And Indian WarsBeaver WarsExpulsion Of The AcadiansGreat Peace Of MontrealSchenectady MassacreRaid On DeerfieldFrench Colonization Of The AmericasFrench Colonial EmpireHistory Of QuebecHistory Of The AcadiansHistory Of The Franco-AmericansFrench West IndiesCarib ExpulsionAtlantic Slave TradeCategory:New FrancePortal:New FranceTemplate:United States Political DivisionsTemplate Talk:United States Political DivisionsPolitical Divisions Of The United StatesU.S. StateAlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareFloridaGeorgia (U.S. State)HawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew York (state)North CarolinaNorth DakotaOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashington (state)West VirginiaWisconsinWyomingFederal DistrictWashington, D.C.Insular AreaAmerican SamoaGuamNorthern Mariana IslandsPuerto RicoUnited States Virgin IslandsUnited States Minor Outlying IslandsBaker IslandHowland IslandJarvis IslandJohnston AtollKingman ReefMidway AtollNavassa IslandPalmyra AtollWake IslandIndian ReservationList Of Indian Reservations In The United StatesGeographic Coordinate SystemHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberInternational Standard Name IdentifierIntegrated Authority FileSystème Universitaire De DocumentationNational Diet LibraryHelp:CategoryCategory:OhioCategory:States Of The United StatesCategory:Midwestern United StatesCategory:States And Territories Established In 1803Category:Former British Colonies And Protectorates In The AmericasCategory:Former French ColoniesCategory:1803 Establishments In The United StatesCategory:Webarchive Template Wayback LinksCategory:CS1 Errors: Chapter IgnoredCategory:All Articles With Dead External LinksCategory:Articles With Dead External Links From July 2016Category:Articles With Permanently Dead External LinksCategory:Wikipedia Indefinitely Semi-protected PagesCategory:Wikipedia Indefinitely Move-protected PagesCategory:Use Mdy Dates From April 2017Category:Articles With HAudio MicroformatsCategory:Articles Including Recorded Pronunciations (English)Category:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From December 2017Category:All Wikipedia Articles Needing Words, Phrases Or Quotes AttributedCategory:Wikipedia Articles Needing Words, Phrases Or Quotes Attributed From October 2016Category:All Accuracy DisputesCategory:Articles With Disputed Statements From September 2017Category:Articles Containing Potentially Dated Statements From 2000Category:All Articles Containing Potentially Dated StatementsCategory:Articles Containing Potentially Dated Statements From 2016Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From March 2013Category:Wikipedia Articles In Need Of Updating From March 2017Category:All Wikipedia Articles In Need Of UpdatingCategory:Articles Containing Potentially Dated Statements From 2008Category:Articles With Dead External Links From August 2012Category:Articles To Be Expanded From September 2017Category:All Articles To Be ExpandedCategory:Articles Using Small Message BoxesCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From August 2014Category:Articles With Curlie LinksCategory:Coordinates On WikidataCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ISNI IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]This Page Is Protected. You Can View Its Source [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link