Contents 1 History 1.1 Rivalry with Fujifilm 1.2 Shift to digital 1.3 New strategy 1.4 Timeline 1.4.1 1880–98 1.4.2 1900–99 1.4.3 2000–09 1.4.4 2010–present 2 Products and services 2.1 Current 2.2 Digital printing and enterprise 2.2.1 Flexo printing 2.2.2 Functional printing 2.2.3 Enterprise professional services 2.2.4 Digital printing solutions 2.2.5 Consumer inkjet ink cartridges 2.3 Graphics, Entertainment and Commercial Films (GECF) 2.3.1 Graphics 2.3.2 Global Technical Services 2.3.3 Entertainment Imaging and Commercial Film 2.3.4 Motion picture and TV production 2.3.5 Technical support and on-site service 2.3.6 Other 2.4 Former 2.4.1 Still film cameras 2.4.2 Instant cameras 2.4.3 Image sensors 2.4.4 Digital cameras and video cameras 2.4.5 Digital picture frames 2.4.6 Kodak Gallery 2.4.7 Document imaging 2.4.8 Photographic film and paper 2.4.9 Photo kiosks 3 Name 4 Operations 4.1 Subsidiaries 4.2 Kodak Research Laboratories 5 Notable people 5.1 Presidents and CEOs 5.2 Scientists 6 Archive donation 7 Controversies 7.1 Better Business Bureau 7.2 Patent litigation 8 See also 9 References 10 Bibliography 11 External links


History[edit] The Kodak factory and main office in Rochester, circa 1910 From the company's founding by George Eastman in 1888, Kodak followed the razor and blades strategy of selling inexpensive cameras and making large margins from consumables – film, chemicals and paper. As late as 1976, Kodak commanded 90% of film sales and 85% of camera sales in the U.S.[24] Rivalry with Fujifilm[edit] Japanese competitor Fujifilm entered the U.S. market (via Fuji Photo Film U.S.A.) with lower-priced film and supplies, but Kodak did not believe that American consumers would ever desert its brand.[25] Kodak passed on the opportunity to become the official film of the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics; Fuji won these sponsorship rights, which gave it a permanent foothold in the marketplace. Fuji opened a film plant in the U.S., and its aggressive marketing and price cutting began taking market share from Kodak. Fuji went from a 10% share in the early 1990s to 17% in 1997. Fuji also made headway into the professional market with specialty transparency films such as Velvia and Provia, which competed successfully with Kodak's signature professional product, Kodachrome, but used the more economical and common E-6 processing machines which were standard in most processing labs, rather than the dedicated machines required by Kodachrome. Fuji's films soon also found a competitive edge in higher-speed negative films, with a tighter grain structure. In May 1995, Kodak filed a petition with the US Commerce Department under section 301 of the Commerce Act arguing that its poor performance in the Japanese market was a direct result of unfair practices adopted by Fuji. The complaint was lodged by the United States with the World Trade Organization.[26] On January 30, 1998, the WTO announced a "sweeping rejection of Kodak's complaints" about the film market in Japan. Kodak's financial results for the year ending December 1997 showed that company's revenues dropped from $15.97 billion in 1996 to $14.36 billion in 1997, a fall of more than 10%; its net earnings went from $1.29 billion to just $5 million for the same period. Kodak's market share declined from 80.1% to 74.7% in the United States, a one-year drop of five percentage points that had observers suggesting that Kodak was slow to react to changes and underestimated its rivals.[27][28][29][29] Although from the 1970s both Fuji and Kodak recognized the upcoming threat of digital photography, and although both sought diversification as a mitigation strategy, Fuji was more successful at diversification.[25] Shift to digital[edit] The Kodak 'K' logo was introduced in 1971. The version seen here – with the 'Kodak' name in a more modern typeface – was used from 1987 until the logo's discontinuation in 2006. A revised version was reintroduced in 2016.[30] Kodak logo from 2006 to 2016 Although Kodak developed a digital camera in 1975, the first of its kind, the product was dropped for fear it would threaten Kodak's photographic film business.[31][32] In the 1990s, Kodak planned a decade-long journey to move to digital technology. CEO George M. C. Fisher reached out[clarification needed] to Microsoft and other new consumer merchandisers. Apple's pioneering QuickTake consumer digital cameras, introduced in 1994, had the Apple label but were produced by Kodak. The DC-20 and DC-25 launched in 1996. Overall, though, there was little implementation of the new digital strategy. Kodak's core business faced no pressure from competing technologies, and as Kodak executives could not fathom a world without traditional film there was little incentive to deviate from that course. Consumers gradually switched to the digital offering from companies such as Sony. In 2001 film sales dropped, which was attributed by Kodak to the financial shocks caused by the September 11 attacks. Executives hoped that Kodak might be able to slow the shift to digital through aggressive marketing.[33] Under Daniel Carp, Fisher's successor as CEO, Kodak made its move in the digital camera market, with its EasyShare family of digital cameras. Kodak spent tremendous resources studying customer behavior, finding out that women in particular loved taking digital photos but were frustrated in moving them to their computers. This key unmet consumer need became a major opportunity. Once Kodak got its product development machine started, it released a wide range of products which made it easy to share photos via PCs. One of their key innovations was a printer dock, where consumers could insert their cameras into this compact device, press a button, and watch their photos roll out. By 2005, Kodak ranked No. 1 in the U.S. in digital camera sales that surged 40% to $5.7 billion.[34] Despite the high growth, Kodak failed to anticipate how fast digital cameras became commodities, with low profit margins, as more companies entered the market in the mid-2000s.[35] In 2001 Kodak held the No. 2 spot in U.S. digital camera sales (behind Sony) but it lost $60 on every camera sold, while there was also a dispute between employees from its digital and film divisions.[36] The film business, where Kodak enjoyed high profit margins, fell 18% in 2005. The combination of these two factors resulted in disappointing profits overall.[33] Its digital cameras soon became undercut by Asian competitors that could produce their offerings more cheaply. Kodak had a 27% market-leading share in 1999, that dwindled to 15% by 2003.[36] In 2007 Kodak was No. 4 in U.S. digital camera sales with a 9.6% share, and by 2010 it held 7% in seventh place behind Canon, Sony, Nikon and others, according to research firm IDC.[37] Also an ever-smaller percentage of digital pictures were being taken on dedicated digital cameras, being gradually displaced in the late 2000s by cameras on cellphones, smartphones, and tablets. New strategy[edit] The decline of camera film to digital greatly affected Kodak's business. Kodak's main headquarters in Rochester, New York Kodak then began a strategy shift: Previously Kodak had done everything in-house, but CEO Antonio Pérez shut down film factories and eliminated 27,000 jobs as it outsourced its manufacturing.[38] Pérez invested heavily in digital technologies and new services that capitalized on its technology innovation to boost profit margins.[33] He also spent hundreds of millions of dollars to build up a high-margin printer ink business to replace shriveling film sales. Kodak's ink strategy rejected the razor and blades business model used by the dominant market leader Hewlett-Packard in that Kodak's printers were expensive but the ink was cheaper.[39] As of 2011, these new lines of inkjet printers were said to be on verge of turning a profit, although some analysts were skeptical as printouts had been replaced gradually by electronic copies on computers, tablets, and smartphones.[39] Home photograph printers, high-speed commercial inkjet presses, workflow software, and packaging were viewed as the company's new core businesses, with sales from those four businesses projected to double to nearly $2 billion in revenue in 2013 and account for 25% of all sales. However, while Kodak named home printers as a core business as late as August 2012, at the end of September declining sales forced Kodak to announce an exit from the consumer inkjet market.[40] Kodak has also turned to litigation in order to generate revenue.[10][11] In 2010, it received $838 million from patent licensing that included a settlement with LG.[27] In 2011, despite the turnaround progress, Kodak rapidly used up its cash reserves, stoking fears of bankruptcy; it had $957 million in cash in June 2011, down from $1.6 billion in January 2001.[41] In 2011, Kodak reportedly explored selling off or licensing its vast portfolio of patents in order to stave off bankruptcy.[41] By January 2012, analysts suggested that the company could enter bankruptcy followed by an auction of its patents, as it was reported to be in talks with Citigroup to provide debtor-in-possession financing.[13][42] This was confirmed on January 19, 2012, when the company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection and obtained a $950 million, 18-month credit facility from Citigroup to enable it to continue operations.[12][13][14] Under the terms of its bankruptcy protection, Kodak had a deadline of February 15, 2013 to produce a reorganization plan.[43] In April 2013, Kodak showed its first Micro Four Thirds camera, to be manufactured by JK Imaging.[44][45] On September 3, 2013, Kodak announced that it emerged from bankruptcy as a technology company focused on imaging for business.[21] Its main business segments are Digital Printing & Enterprise and Graphics, Entertainment & Commercial Films.[5] On March 12, 2014, Kodak announced that Jeffrey J. Clarke had been named as chief executive officer and a member of its board of directors.[46][47][48] On January 1, 2015, Kodak announced a new five business division structure; Print Systems, Enterprise Inkjet Systems, Micro 3D Printing and Packaging, Software and Solutions, and Consumer and Film.[7][49] Timeline[edit] 1880–98[edit] An original Kodak camera, complete with box, camera, case, felt lens plug, manual, memorandum and viewfinder card An advertisement from The Photographic Herald and Amateur Sportsman (November 1889) Advertisement for a folding "pocket" Kodak camera (August 1900) April 1880: George Eastman leased the third floor of a building on State Street in Rochester N.Y. and began the commercial manufacture of dry plates. January 1, 1881: Eastman and businessman Henry A. Strong formed a partnership called the Eastman Dry Plate Company.[50] Eastman resigned his position at the Rochester Savings Bank in order to work full-time at the Eastman Dry Plate Company. 1884: The Eastman-Strong partnership was dissolved and the Eastman Dry Plate and Film Company formed with 14 shareowners. The Eastman Dry Plate Company was responsible for the first cameras suitable for non expert use. 1885: George Eastman bought David Houston's patents for roll film and developed them further. These were the basis for the invention of motion picture film, as used by early filmmakers and Thomas Edison. September 4, 1888: Eastman registered the trademark Kodak.[51] 1888: The first model of the Kodak camera appeared. It took round pictures 6.4 cm (2.5 in) in diameter, was of the fixed focus type, and carried a roll of film enough for 100 exposures. Its invention practically marked the advent of amateur photography, as before that time both apparatus and processes were too burdensome to classify photography as recreation. The roll film used in the first model of the Kodak camera had a paper base but was soon superseded by a film with a cellulose base, a practical transparent flexible film.[52] The first films had to be loaded into the camera and unloaded in the dark room, but the film cartridge system with its protecting strip of opaque paper made it possible to load and unload the camera in ordinary light. The Kodak Developing Machine (1900) and its simplified successor, the Kodak Film Tank, provided the means for daylight development of film, making the dark room unnecessary for any of the operations of amateur photography. The earlier types of the Kodak cameras were of the box form and of fixed focus, and as various sizes were added, devices for focusing the lenses were incorporated.[52] 1889: The Eastman Company was formed.[1] 1891: George Eastman began to produce a second line of cameras, the Ordinary range.[53] 1892: It was renamed the Eastman Kodak Company in 1892. Eastman Kodak Company of New York was organized.[1] He coined the advertising slogan, "You Press the Button, We Do the Rest."[54] The Kodak company thereby attained its name from the first simple roll film cameras produced by Eastman Dry Plate Company, known as the "Kodak" in its product line. Early 1890s: The first folding Kodak cameras were introduced. These were equipped with folding bellows that permitted much greater compactness. 1895: The first pocket Kodak camera, the $5 Pocket Kodak, was introduced.[55] It was of the box form type, slipping easily into an ordinary coat pocket, and producing negatives 1½ x 2 inches. 1897: The first folding pocket Kodak camera was introduced,[52] and was mentioned in the novel Dracula, published the same year. 1898: George Eastman purchased the patent for Velox photographic paper from Leo Baekeland for $1,000,000. After this time, Velox paper was then sold by Eastman Kodak. 1900–99[edit] A Brownie No 2. camera Eastman Kodak Non Curling 116 Film (Expired: 1925) 1900: The Brownie camera was introduced, creating a new mass market for photography. 1901: The present company, Eastman Kodak Company of New Jersey, was formed under the laws of that state. Eventually, the business in Jamestown was moved in its entirety to Rochester, and the plants in Jamestown were demolished. By 1920: An “Autographic Feature” provided a means for recording data on the margin of the negative at the time of exposure. This feature was supplied on all Kodak cameras with the exception of a box camera designed for making panoramic pictures[52] and was discontinued in 1932. 1920: Tennessee Eastman was founded as a wholly owned subsidiary. The company's primary purpose was the manufacture of chemicals, such as acetyls, needed for Kodak's film photography products. 1930: Eastman Kodak Company was added to the Dow Jones Industrial Average index on July 18, 1930. The company remained listed as one of the DJIA companies for the next 74 years, ending in 2004.[56] Kodak Camera Center, Tennessee, ca. 1930-1945 1932: George Eastman dies at age 77, taking his own life with a gun shot. Kodachrome II - Film for color slides 1935: Kodak introduced Kodachrome, a color reversal stock for movie and slide film. 1936: Kodak branches out into manufacture of hand-grenades. 1940-1944: Eastman Kodak ranked 62nd among United States corporations in the value of World War II military production contracts.[57] 1934-1956: Kodak introduces the Retina Series 35mm Camera Kodak Retina Series Cameras were produced between 1949 until 1956. It also had the KodaChrome Technology 1959: Kodak introduced the Starmatic camera, the first automatic Brownie camera, which sold 10 million units over the next five years. 1963: Kodak introduced the Instamatic camera, an inexpensive, easy-to-load, point-and-shoot camera. 1970: Kodak scientists disclose the continuous wave tunable dye laser.[58] This becomes a product for several high-tech companies but not at Kodak. 1975: Steven Sasson, then an electrical engineer at Kodak, invented a digital camera.[59] 1976: The Bayer Pattern color filter array (CFA) was invented by Eastman Kodak researcher Bryce Bayer. The order in which dyes are placed on an image sensor photosite is still in use today. The basic technology is still the most commonly used of its kind to date. 1976: Kodak introduced the first Kodamatic, instant picture cameras, using a similar film and technology to that of the Polaroid company. 1976: The company sold 90% of the photographic film in the US along with 85% of the cameras.[9] New Kodak Moment: A $19M profit.[60] 1978: Kodak introduces the Ektachem clinical chemistry testing system. The system employs dry film technology, and within 5 years was being used by most hospitals in the country. 1981: Kodak was sued by Polaroid for infringement of its Instant Picture patents. The suit ran for five years, the court finally finding in favour of Polaroid in 1986. 1982: Kodak launched the Kodak Disc film format for consumer cameras. The format ultimately proved unpopular and was later discontinued. 1986: Kodak scientists created the world's first megapixel sensor, capable of recording 1.4 million pixels and producing a photo-quality 12.5 cm × 17.5 cm (4.9 in × 6.9 in) print. 1987: Dr. Ching W. Tang, a senior research associate, and his colleague, Steven Van Slyke, developed the first multi-layer OLEDs at the Kodak Research Laboratories, for which he later became a Fellow of the Society for Information Display (SID) 1988: Kodak buys Sterling Drug for $5.1 Billion[61] 1988: Kodak scientists introduce the coumarin tetramethyl laser dyes[62] also used in OLED devices. These become a successful product until the line of fine chemicals is sold. 1991: The Kodak Professional Digital Camera System or DCS, the first commercially available digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) camera. A customized camera back bearing the digital image sensor was mounted on a Nikon F3 body and released by Kodak in May; the company had previously shown the camera at photokina in 1990. 1993: Eastman Chemical, a Kodak subsidiary founded by George Eastman in 1920 to supply Kodak's chemical needs, was spun off as a separate corporation. Eastman Chemical became a Fortune 500 company in its own right.[63][64] 1994: Apple Quicktake, a consumer digital camera was debuted by Apple Computer. Some models were manufactured by Kodak. 2000–09[edit] 2003: Kodak introduced the Kodak EasyShare LS633 Digital Camera, the first camera to feature an AMOLED display, and the Kodak EasyShare Printer Dock 6000, the world's first printer-and-camera dock combination. November 2003: Kodak acquired the Israel-based company Algotec Systems, a developer of advanced picture archiving and communication systems (PACS), which enable radiology departments to digitally manage and store medical images and information.[65] January 2004: Kodak announced that it would stop selling traditional film cameras in Europe and North America, and cut up to 15,000 jobs (around a fifth of its total workforce at the time).[66][67][68] April 8, 2004: Kodak was delisted from the Dow Jones Industrial Average index, having been a constituent for 74 consecutive years.[56] May 2004: Kodak signed an exclusive long-term agreement with Lexar Media, licensing the Kodak brand for use on digital memory cards designed, manufactured, sold, and distributed by Lexar.[69] January 2005: The Kodak EasyShare-One Digital Camera, the world’s first Wi-Fi consumer digital camera capable of sending pictures by email, was unveiled at the 2005 CES. January 2005: Kodak acquired the Israel-based company OREX Computed Radiography, a provider of compact computed radiography systems that enable medical practitioners to acquire patient x-ray images digitally.[70] January 2005: Kodak acquired the Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada-based company Creo. January 2006: Kodak unveiled the Kodak EasyShare V570 Dual Lens Digital Camera, the world's first dual-lens digital still camera and smallest ultra-wide-angle optical zoom digital camera, at the CES. Using proprietary Kodak Retina Dual Lens technology, the V570 wrapped an ultra-wide angle lens (23 mm) and a second optical zoom lens (39 – 117 mm) into a body less than 2.5 cm (an inch) thick. April 2006: Kodak introduced the Kodak EasyShare V610 Dual Lens Digital Camera, at that time the world’s smallest 10× (38–380 mm) optical zoom camera at less than 2.5 cm (an inch) thick.[71][72] August 1, 2006: Kodak agreed to divest its digital camera manufacturing operations to Flextronics, including assembly, production and testing.[73][74] As part of the sale it was agreed that Flextronics would manufacture and distribute consumer digital cameras for Kodak, and conduct some design and development functions for it. Kodak kept high-level digital camera design in house, continued to conduct research and development in digital still cameras, and retained all intellectual property and patents. Approximately 550 Kodak personnel transferred to Flextronics. January 10, 2007: Kodak agreed to sell Kodak Health Group to Onex Corporation for $2.35 billion in cash, and up to $200 million in additional future payments if Onex achieved specified returns on the acquisition.[75] The sale was completed May 1.[76] Kodak used part of the proceeds to fully repay its approximately $1.15 billion of secured term debt. Around 8,100 employees transferred to Onex, and Kodak Health Group was renamed Carestream Health. Kodak Health Group had revenue of $2.54 billion for the 12 months to September 30, 2006. April 19, 2007: Kodak announced an agreement to sell its light management films business, which produced films designed to improve the brightness and efficiency of liquid crystal displays, to Rohm and Haas. The divested business comprised 125 workers. As part of the transaction Rohm and Haas agreed to license technology and purchase equipment from Kodak, and lease Building 318 at Kodak Park. The sale price was not disclosed.[77] May 25, 2007: Kodak announced a cross-licensing agreement with Chi Mei Optoelectronics and its affiliate Chi Mei EL (CMEL), enabling CMEL to use Kodak technology for active matrix OLED modules in a variety of small to medium size display applications.[78] June 14, 2007: Kodak announced a two to fourfold increase in sensitivity to light (from one to two stops) compared to current sensor designs. This design was a departure from the classic "Bayer filter" by adding panchromatic or “clear” pixels to the RGB elements on the sensor array. Since these pixels are sensitive to all wavelengths of visible light, they collect a significantly higher proportion of the light striking the sensor. In combination with advanced Kodak software algorithms optimized for these new patterns, photographers benefited from an increase in photographic speed (improving performance in low light), faster shutter speeds (reducing motion blur for moving subjects), and smaller pixels (higher resolutions in a given optical format) while retaining performance. The technology was credited to Kodak scientists John Compton and John Hamilton.[79] September 4, 2007: Kodak announced a five-year extension of its partnership with Lexar Media.[80] November 2008: Kodak released the Kodak Theatre HD Player, allowing photos and videos stored on a computer to be displayed on an HDTV. Kodak licensed technology from Hillcrest Labs for the interface and pointer, which allowed a user to control the player with gestures.[81] January 2009: Kodak posted a $137 million fourth-quarter loss and announced plans to cut up to 4,500 jobs.[82] June 22, 2009: Kodak announced that it would cease selling Kodachrome color film by the end of 2009, ending 74 years of production, after a dramatic decline in sales.[83][84] December 4, 2009: Kodak sold its organic light-emitting diode (OLED) business unit to LG Electronics, resulting in the lay-off of 60 people.[85] 2010–present[edit] December 2010: Standard & Poor's removed Kodak from its S&P 500 index.[86] September 2011: Kodak hired law firm Jones Day for restructuring advice and its stock dropped to an all-time low of $0.54 a share.[87] During 2011, Kodak shares fell more than 80 percent.[88] January 2012: Kodak received a warning from the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) notifying it that its average closing price was below $1.00 for 30 consecutive days and that over the next 6 months it must increase the closing share price to at least $1 on the last trading day of each calendar month and have an average closing price of at least $1 over the 30 trading-days prior or it would be delisted. From the $90 range in 1997, Kodak shares closed at 76 cents on January 3, 2012. On January 8, 2012, Kodak shares closed over 50% higher after the company announced a major restructuring into two main divisions, one focused on products and services for businesses, and the other on consumer products including digital cameras.[89][90] January 19, 2012: Kodak filed for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Protection.[13][14][91] The company's stock was delisted from NYSE and moved to OTC exchange. Following the news it ended the day trading down 35% at $0.36 a share. February 7, 2012: The Image Sensor Solutions (ISS) division of Kodak was sold to Truesense Imaging Inc.[92] February 9, 2012: Kodak announced that it would exit the digital image capture business, phasing out its production of digital cameras.[93][94] Kodak sees home photo printers, high-speed commercial inkjet presses, workflow software and packaging with GlobalVision software integrated, as the core of its future business. Once the digital camera business is phased out, Kodak said its consumer business will focus on printing. It will seek a company to license its EasyShare digital camera brand. August 24, 2012: Kodak announced that it plans to sell its film, commercial scanner and kiosk divisions.[95] September 10, 2012: Kodak announced plans to cut another 1,000 jobs by the end of 2012 and that it is examining further job cuts as it works to restructure its business in bankruptcy.[96] September 28, 2012: Kodak announced that it is exiting the inkjet printer business.[40] December 20, 2012 Kodak announced that it plans to sell its digital imaging patents for about $525 million to some of the world’s biggest technology companies, thus making a step to end bankruptcy.[97] April 29, 2013 Kodak announced an agreement with the U.K. Kodak Pension Plan (KPP) to spin off Kodak’s Personalized Imaging and Document Imaging businesses and settle $2.8 Billion in KPP claims.[98] September 3, 2013 Kodak announces that it has emerged from Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Protection[99] as a company focused on serving commercial customers.[21] October 17, 2013 Kodak brings European headquarters and the entire EAMER Technology Centre under one roof in Eysins, Switzerland. The relocation brings together the company's European headquarters and Inkjet demo facilities, which were based in Gland, Switzerland, and the Kodak EAMER Technology and Solutions Centre, which was based in La Hulpe, Belgium.[100] March 12, 2014 Kodak names Jeffrey J. Clarke as its new Chief Executive Officer.[47][48][101] July 30, 2014 Kodak is negotiating with movie studios for an annual movie film order guarantee to preserve the last source of movie film manufacturing in the United States.[102] December 2014, Kodak announced its first phone, the Kodak Ektra smartphone made by Bullitt Group.[103] The phone was expected to become available in December 2016, initially in Europe.[104] January 2016, Kodak shows off a prototype of the new Super 8 Camera at CES.[105] January 2017, Kodak announced it was bringing back its Ektachrome film.[106] May 2017, Kodak released the Ektra smartphone to the US market.[107] June 2017, Kodak announced plans to release 7" and 10" tablets with ARCHOS in Europe.[108]


Products and services[edit] Main article: List of products manufactured by Kodak Current[edit] Kodak provides packaging, functional printing, graphic communications and professional services for businesses around the world.[6] Its main business segments are Print Systems, Enterprise Inkjet Systems, Micro 3D Printing and Packaging, Software and Solutions, and Consumer and Film.[7] Digital printing and enterprise[edit] Kodak provides high-speed, high-volume commercial inkjet, and color and black-and-white electrophotographic printing equipment and related consumables and services.[109] It has an installed base of more than 5,000 units. Its Prosper platform uses Stream inkjet technology, which delivers a continuous flow of ink that enables constant and consistent operation, with uniform size and accurate placement, even at very high print speeds.[110] Applications for Prosper include publishing, commercial print, direct mail, and packaging. The business also includes the customer base of Kodak VersaMark products.[111] The NexPress platform is used for printing short-run, personalized print applications for purposes such as direct mail, books, marketing collateral and photo products. The Digimaster platform uses monochrome electrophotographic printing technology to create high-quality printing of statements, short-run books, corporate documentation, manuals and direct mail.[110][112][113] Flexo printing[edit] Kodak designs and manufactures products for flexography printing. Its Flexcel[114] line of flexo printing systems allow label printers to produce their own digital plates for customized flexo printing and flexible printed packaging. Functional printing[edit] The company currently has strategic relationships with worldwide touch-panel sensor leaders, such as the partnerships with UniPixel announced on April 16, 2013 and Kingsbury Corp. launched on June 27, 2013.[115][116][117] Enterprise professional services[edit] Enterprise professional services offers print and managed media services, brand protection solutions and services, and document management services to enterprise customers, including government, pharmaceuticals, and health, consumer and luxury good products, retail and finance. Digital printing solutions[edit] In 1997, Heidelberg Printing Machines AG and Eastman Kodak Co. had created the Nexpress Solutions LLC joint venture to develop a digital color printing press for the high-end market segment. Heidelberg acquired Eastman Kodak Co.'s Office Imaging black and white digital printing activities in 1999. In 2000, they had launched Digimaster 9110 - Black & White Production Printer and NexPress 2100 Digital Color Press. In March 2004, Heidelberg transferred its Digital Print division to Eastman Kodak Co.[118] under mutual agreement. Kodak continues to research and develop Digital Printing Systems and introduced more products. At present, Kodak has commercial Web-fed presses, commercial imprinting systems - Prosper, VersaMark and commercial sheet-fed press - NexPress digital production color press, DIGIMASTER HD digital black and white production printer.[119] Consumer inkjet ink cartridges[edit] Kodak entered into consumer inkjet photo printers in a joint venture with manufacturer Lexmark in 1999 with the Kodak Personal Picture Maker. In February 2007, Kodak re-entered the market with a new product line of All-In-One (AiO) inkjet printers that employ several technologies marketed as Kodacolor Technology. Advertising emphasizes low price for ink cartridges rather than for the printers themselves.[120] Kodak announced plans to stop selling inkjet printers in 2013 as it focuses on commercial printing, but will still sell ink.[121] Graphics, Entertainment and Commercial Films (GECF)[edit] Graphics[edit] Kodak's graphics business consists of computer to plate (CTP) devices, which Kodak first launched in 1995 when the company introduced the first thermal CTP to market. In CTP, an output device exposes a digital image using SQUAREspot laser imaging technology directly to an aluminum surface (printing plate), which is then mounted onto a printing press to reproduce the image. Kodak's Graphics portfolio includes front-end controllers, production workflow software, CTP output devices, and digital plates. Global Technical Services[edit] Kodak’s Global Technical Services ("GTS") for Commercial Imaging is focused on selling service contracts for Kodak products, including the following service categories: field services, customer support services, educational services, and professional services. Entertainment Imaging and Commercial Film[edit] Kodak's Entertainment Imaging and Commercial Film group ("E&CF") encompasses its motion picture film business, providing motion imaging products (camera negative, intermediate, print and archival film), services and technology for the professional motion picture and exhibition industries. E&CF also offers Aerial and Industrial Films including KODAK Printed Circuit Board film, and delivers external sales for the company’s component businesses: Polyester Film, Specialty Chemicals, Inks and Dispersions and Solvent Recovery. Motion picture and TV production[edit] The Kodak company played a role in the invention and development of the motion picture industry. Many cinema and TV productions are shot on Kodak film stocks.[122] The company helped set the standard of 35mm film, and introduced the 16mm film format for home movie use and lower budget film productions. The home market-oriented 8mm and Super 8 formats were also developed by Kodak. Kodak also entered the professional television production video tape market, briefly in the mid-1980s, under the product portfolio name of Eastman Professional Video Tape Products. In 1990, Kodak launched a Worldwide Student Program working with university faculty throughout the world to help nurture the future generation of film-makers. Kodak formed Educational Advisory Councils in the US, Europe and Asia made up of deans and chairs of some of the most prestigious film schools throughout the world to help guide the development of their program. Kodak previously owned the visual effects film post-production facilities Cinesite in Los Angeles and London and also LaserPacific in Los Angeles. Kodak sold Cinesite to Endless LLP, an independent British private equity house.[123] Kodak previously sold LaserPacific and its subsidiaries Laser-Edit, Inc, and Pacific Video, Inc., in April 2010 for an undisclosed sum to TeleCorps Holdings, Inc. Kodak also sold Pro-Tek Media Preservation Services, a film storage company in Burbank, California, in October 2013.[124] Technical support and on-site service[edit] Aside from technical phone support for its products, Kodak offers onsite service for other devices such as document scanners, data storage systems (optical, tape, and disk), printers, inkjet printing presses, microfilm/microfiche equipment, photograph kiosks, and photocopiers, for which it despatches technicians who make repairs in the field. Other[edit] Kodak markets Picture CDs and other photo products such as calendars, photo books and photo enlargements through retail partners such as CVS, Walmart and Target and through its Kodak Gallery online service, formerly known as Ofoto. Former[edit] A Kodak Instamatic 104 Still film cameras[edit] On January 13, 2004, Kodak announced it would stop marketing traditional still film cameras (excluding disposable cameras) in the United States, Canada and Western Europe, but would continue to sell film cameras in India, Latin America, Eastern Europe and China.[125] By the end of 2005, Kodak ceased manufacturing cameras that used the Advanced Photo System. Kodak licensed the manufacture of Kodak branded cameras to Vivitar in 2005 and 2006. After 2007 Kodak did not license the manufacture of any film camera with the Kodak name. Instant cameras[edit] After losing a patent battle with Polaroid Corporation, Kodak left the instant camera business on January 9, 1986. The Kodak instant camera included models known as the Kodamatic and the Colorburst. Polaroid was awarded damages in the patent trial in the amount of $909,457,567, a record at the time. (Polaroid Corp. v. Eastman Kodak Co., U.S. District Court District of Massachusetts, decided October 12, 1990, case no. 76-1634-MA. Published in the U.S. Patent Quarterly as 16 USPQ2d 1481). See also the following cases: Polaroid Corp. v. Eastman Kodak Co., 641 F.Supp. 828 [228 USPQ 305] (D. Mass. 1985), stay denied, 833 F.2d 930 [5 USPQ2d 1080] (Fed. Cir.), aff'd, 789 F.2d 1556 [229 USPQ 561] (Fed. Cir.), cert. denied, 479 U.S. 850 (1986).[126] Kodak was the exclusive supplier of negatives for Polaroid cameras from 1963 until 1969, when Polaroid chose to manufacture its own instant film. Image sensors[edit] As part of its move toward higher end products, Kodak announced on September 15, 2006 that the new Leica M8 camera incorporates Kodak's KAF-10500 image sensor. This was the second recent partnership between Kodak and the German optical manufacturer. In 2011, Kodak sold its Image Sensor Solutions business to Platinum Equity, which subsequently renamed it Truesense Imaging, Inc.[127] Digital cameras and video cameras[edit] Main articles: Kodak DCS and Kodak EasyShare A Kodak Easyshare Z1015 IS digital camera Many of Kodak's early compact digital cameras were designed and built by Chinon Industries, a Japanese camera manufacturer. In 2004, Kodak Japan acquired Chinon and many of its engineers and designers joined Kodak Japan. The Kodak DCS series of digital single-lens reflex cameras and digital camera backs were released by Kodak in the 1990s and 2000s, and discontinued in 2005. They were based on existing 35mm film SLRs from Nikon and Canon and the range included the original Kodak DCS, the first commercially available digital SLR. In July 2006, Kodak announced that Flextronics would manufacture and help design its digital cameras. Digital picture frames[edit] Kodak first entered the digital picture frame market with the Kodak Smart Picture Frame in the fourth quarter of 2000. It was designed by Weave Innovations and licensed to Kodak with an exclusive relationship with Weave's StoryBox online photo network.[128] Smart Frame owners connected to the network via an analog telephone connection built into the frame. The frame could hold 36 images internally and came with a six-month free subscription to the StoryBox network.[129] Kodak re-entered the digital photo frame market at CES in 2007 with the introduction of four new EasyShare-branded models that were available in sizes from 200 to 280 mm (7.9 to 11.0 in), included multiple memory card slots, and some of which included Wi-Fi capability to connect with the Kodak Gallery—that gallery functionality has now been compromised due to gallery policy changes (see below). Kodak Gallery[edit] Main article: Kodak Gallery In June 2001, Kodak purchased the photo-developing website Ofoto, later renamed Kodak Gallery. The website enables users to upload their photos into albums, publish them into prints, and create mousepads, calendars, etc. On March 1, 2012, Kodak announced that it sold Kodak Gallery to Shutterfly for $23.8 million.[130] Document imaging[edit] Kodak provides scanning technology. Historically this industry began when George Eastman partnered with banks to image checks in the 1920s. Through the development of microfilm technology, Eastman Kodak was able to provide long term document storage. Document imaging was one of the first imaging solutions to move to "digital imaging" technology. Kodak manufactured the first digital document scanners for high speed document imaging. Today Kodak has a full line of document scanners for banking, finance, insurance,[131] healthcare and other vertical industries. Kodak also provides associated document capture software and business process services. Eastman Kodak acquired the Bowe Bell & Howell scanner division in September 2009. Photographic film and paper[edit] Kodak continues to produce specialty films and film for newer and more popular consumer formats, but it has discontinued the manufacture of film in older and less popular formats. Kodak is a leading producer of silver halide (AgX) paper used for printing from film and digital images. Minilabs located in retail stores and larger central photo lab operations (CLOs) use silver halide paper for photo printing. In 2005 Kodak announced it would stop producing black-and-white photo paper.[132] Photo kiosks[edit] A Kodak NexPress 2500 digital printing press Kodak is a manufacturer of self-service photo kiosks that produce "prints in seconds" from multiple sources including digital input, scanned prints, Facebook, the Kodak Gallery and orders placed on-line using thermosublimation printers. The company has placed over 100,000 Picture Kiosks in retail locations worldwide.[133] Employing similar technology, Kodak also offers larger printing systems with additional capabilities including duplex greeting cards, large format poster printers, photobooks and calendars under the brand name "APEX".[134]


Name[edit] 1900 Kodak ad The letter k was a favorite of Eastman's; he is quoted as saying, "it seems a strong, incisive sort of letter."[135] He and his mother devised the name Kodak with an anagrams set. Eastman said that there were three principal concepts he used in creating the name: it should be short, easy to pronounce, and not resemble any other name or be associated with anything else.[136]


Operations[edit] Subsidiaries[edit] Kodak Limited (UK) the company's sales and marketing headquarters are located in Watford, UK, with Kodak Alaris operating in Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire manufacturing facilities used to be sited at Harrow in north-west London (closed in 2016), Kirkby near Liverpool (closed in 2007) and Annesley in Nottinghamshire (closed in 2005). FPC, Inc. FPC, US/Canada FPC Italy Kodak Research Laboratories[edit] The Kodak Research Laboratories were founded in 1912 with Kenneth Mees as the first director.[137] Principal components of the Kodak Research Laboratories were the Photographic Research Laboratories and then the Imaging Research Laboratories. Additional organizations included the Corporate Research Laboratories. Over nearly a century, scientists at these laboratories produced thousands of patents and scientific publications.[citation needed]


Notable people[edit] Presidents and CEOs[edit] George Eastman Name Title Tenure Henry A. Strong President 1884 – July 26, 1919 George Eastman President 1921 – April 7, 1925 William G. Stuber President 1925–1934 Frank W. Lovejoy President 1934–1941 Thomas J. Hargrave President 1941–1952 Albert K. Chapman President 1952–1960 William S. Vaughn President and CEO 1960 – December 31, 1968 Louis K. Eilers President and CEO January 1, 1969 – May 17, 1972 Gerald B. Zornow President then Chairman 1970–1984 Walter A. Fallon President and CEO May 18, 1972 – 1983 Colby H. Chandler CEO May 1983 – June 1990 Kay R. Whitmore CEO June 1990 – October 27, 1993 George M. C. Fisher CEO October 28, 1993 – December 31, 1999 Daniel A. Carp CEO January 1, 2000 – May 31, 2005 Antonio M. Pérez Chairman and CEO June 1, 2005 – 2014 Jeff Clarke CEO March 12, 2014 – present Scientists[edit] Bryce Bayer, color scientist (1929–2012) Harry Coover, polymer chemist (1917–2011) F. J. Duarte, laser physicist and author (left in 2006) Loyd A. Jones, camouflage physicist (1884–1954) Maurice Loyal Huggins, polymer scientist (1897–1981) Rudolf Kingslake, optical designer (1903–2003) David MacAdam, color scientist (1910–1998) Kenneth Mees, film scientist and founder of the research laboratories (1882–1960) Perley G. Nutting, physicist and founder of OSA (1873–1949) Steven Sasson, electrical engineer Steven Van Slyke, OLED scientist (left in 2010) Warren J. Smith, optical engineer (1922–2008) Ching W. Tang, OLED scientist (left in 2006) Arthur Widmer, Special Effects Film Pioneer and receiver of an Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Award of Commendation (1914-2006)


Archive donation[edit] In 2005, Kodak Canada donated its entire historic company archives to Ryerson University in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The Ryerson University Library also acquired an extensive collection of materials on the history of photography from the private collection of Nicholas M. & Marilyn A. Graver of Rochester, New York.[138] The Kodak Archives, begun in 1909, contain the company's Camera Collection, historic photos, files, trade circulars, Kodak magazines, price lists, daily record books, equipment, and other ephemera. It includes the contents of the Kodak Heritage Collection Museum, a museum established in 1999 for Kodak Canada's centennial that Kodak closed in 2005 along with the company's entire 'Kodak Heights' manufacturing campus in Mount Dennis, Toronto.[139] See also: George Eastman House.


Controversies[edit] Better Business Bureau[edit] On March 26, 2007, the Council of Better Business Bureaus (CBBB) announced that Eastman Kodak was resigning its national membership in the wake of expulsion proceedings initiated by the CBBB board of directors.[140] In 2006, Kodak notified the BBB of Upstate New York that it would no longer accept or respond to consumer complaints submitted by them. In prior years, Kodak responded by offering consumers an adjustment or an explanation of the company’s position. The BBB file contains consumer complaints of problems with repairs of Kodak digital cameras, as well as difficulty communicating with Kodak customer service. Among other complaints, consumers say that their cameras broke and they were charged for repairs when the failure was not the result of any damage or abuse. Some say their cameras failed again after being repaired. Kodak said its customer service and customer privacy teams concluded that 99% of all complaints forwarded by the BBB already were handled directly with the customer. Brian O’Connor, Kodak chief privacy officer, said the company was surprised by the news release distributed by the Better Business Bureau: It is inaccurate in the facts presented as well as those the BBB chose to omit. Ironically, we ultimately decided to resign our membership because we were extremely unhappy with the customer service we received from the local office of the BBB. After years of unproductive discussions with the local office regarding their Web site postings about Kodak, which in our view were consistently inaccurate, we came to the conclusion that their process added no value to our own. Our commitment to our customers is unwavering. That will not change. What has changed is that, for us, the BBB's customer complaint process has become redundant, given the multiple and immediate ways that customers have to address their concerns directly with Kodak.[141] Patent litigation[edit] In 2010, Apple filed a patent-infringement claim against Kodak. On May 12, 2011, Judge Robert Rogers rejected Apple's claims that two of its digital photography patents were being violated by Kodak.[142] On July 1, 2011, the U.S. International Trade Commission partially reversed a January decision by an administrative law judge stating that neither Apple nor Research in Motion had infringed upon Kodak's patents. The ITC remanded the matter for further proceedings before the ALJ.[143]


See also[edit] List of products manufactured by Kodak Motion Picture Patents Company Kodak Heights Kodak Vision Award KodakCoin


References[edit] ^ a b c "History of Kodak". Kodak. Archived from the original on January 7, 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2012.  ^ a b c d e "Eastman Kodak Company". US: Securities and Exchange Commission. 2015.  ^ http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/EK/4036710520x0x931960/431DF6B9-6BE0-4414-ACCD-EE404879B193/Kodak_Investor_Deck_v170307_1545et.pdf ^ "Certificate of amendment to the restated certificate of incorporation of Eastman Kodak company" (PDF). New Jersey division of revenue. June 8, 2005. Retrieved January 7, 2008.  ^ a b "DISCLOSURE STATEMENT FOR DEBTORS' JOINT PLAN OF REORGANIZATION UNDER CHAPTER 11 OF THE BANKRUPTCY CODE". April 30, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013.  ^ a b "Kodak Announces Emergence From Bankruptcy". September 3, 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013.  ^ a b c "Kodak creating new business divisions". Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. Retrieved 2016-12-30.  ^ Rees, Jasper (January 20, 2012). "The end of our Kodak moment". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved January 20, 2012.  ^ a b Hiltzik, Michael (December 4, 2011). "Kodak's long fade to black". latimes.com. Retrieved December 11, 2011.  ^ a b "Kodak embraces digital revolution". BBC News. January 13, 2004. Retrieved March 29, 2010.  ^ a b Dana Mattioli (April 19, 2010). "At Kodak, Patents Hold the Key to the Future". The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company. Retrieved July 8, 2011.  ^ a b Business Standard. "Kodak files for bankruptcy, plans biz overhaul". Business-standard.com. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ a b c d McCarty, Dawn; Jinks, Beth (January 19, 2012). "Kodak Files for Bankruptcy Protection". Bloomberg. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ a b c "Eastman Kodak Files for Bankruptcy". The New York Times. January 19, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ "Kodak ditches digital camera business". CNN. February 9, 2012.  ^ "Kodak announces plans to sell still film, commercial scanner, and kiosk divisions". The Verge. Retrieved August 24, 2012.  ^ Gilbert, Ben (January 23, 2013). "Court approves Kodak financing, could exit bankruptcy by mid-2013". Engadget.com. Retrieved March 3, 2013.  ^ "The Rise and Fall of the Company that Invented Digital Cameras| Patents & Patent Law". IPWatchdog.com | Patents & Patent Law. 2014-11-01. Retrieved 2017-05-24.  ^ Apple i Google pośród firm, które zapłaciły za patenty Kodaka 525 milionów dolarów | Newsy. Magazynt3.pl (December 20, 2012). Retrieved on 2013-08-16. ^ "Kodak sells its imaging patents for $525M". CNET. Retrieved 2017-05-24.  ^ a b c "Kodak bankruptcy officially ends". USA Today. September 3, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013.  ^ "Kodak emerges from bankruptcy with focus on commercial printing". Reuters. September 3, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013.  ^ "Kodak Exits Bankruptcy". New York Times. September 3, 2013.  ^ Lucas, Henry C. (2012). The Search for Survival: Lessons from Disruptive Technologies. ABC-CLIO. p. 16. ISBN 9781440802775. Retrieved 12 May 2016.  ^ a b "The last Kodak moment?". The Economist. January 14, 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2016.  ^ World Trade Organization. "DS44 Japan — Measures Affecting Consumer Photographic Film and Paper". WTO. Retrieved January 23, 2012.  ^ a b Hiltzik, Michael (December 4, 2011). "Kodak's long fade to black". latimes.com. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ "The Kodak - Fuji Rivalry | Business Strategy Case Studies | Business, Management Strategies Cases | Case Study". Icmrindia.org. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ a b "fujicasestudy" (PDF). Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ "Evolution of our brand logo". Eastman Kodak. Archived from the original on February 25, 2012. Retrieved June 3, 2016.  ^ "Kodak's Last Days". nst.com. February 5, 2012. Archived from the original on March 15, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2012.  ^ "Steven Sasson named to CE Hall of Fame". letsgodigital.org. September 18, 2007. Retrieved March 14, 2012.  ^ a b c "Mistakes Made On The Road To Innovation". Businessweek.com. November 27, 2006. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ "Kodak: Mistakes Made on the Road to Innovation". Bloomberg. September 17, 2007. Retrieved December 20, 2016.  ^ Jinks, Beth; Childs, Mary (January 20, 2012). "Kodak Bankruptcy May Shed Photography, Bet on Digital Printing". Bloomberg.  ^ a b "Kodak:What led to bankruptcy - Hindustan Times". HindustanTimes.com. January 22, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2014.  ^ Scheyder, Ernest (December 24, 2011). "As Kodak struggles, Eastman Chemical thrives". Reuters. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ "Kodak, Yahoo and RIM: Death comes for us all". News. CBS. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ a b Martin, Andrew (October 20, 2011). "Kodak's Bet on Its Printers Fails to Quell the Doubters". The New York Times.  ^ a b "Kodak quits printers, wants new deadline". USA Today. September 28, 2012. Retrieved September 29, 2012.  ^ a b "Kodak may file for bankruptcy". IBNLive (Report). IN. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ Haunss, Kristen (January 13, 2012). "Kodak Said in Talks With Citigroup on Bankruptcy Financing". Bloomberg. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ "Kodak gets 2013 deadline to reorganise". IBNLive. IN. Retrieved January 21, 2012.  ^ 明, 星编辑 (April 19, 2013), P&E:单电外观曝光 柯达重现展会现场 (in Chinese), CN: Zol  ^ New pictures of the Kodak S1 MFT camera…, Four Thirds Rumors, April 25, 2013  ^ "Jeff Clarke Elected CEO of Kodak". March 12, 2014.  ^ a b "Kodak Names Tech Veteran as CEO". The Wall Street Journal. March 12, 2014. Retrieved March 12, 2014.  ^ a b "Kodak Names Oribitz Chairman Clarke as New CEO". Bloomberg. March 12, 2014.  ^ "Eastman Kodak Company: Private Company Information - Bloomberg". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2017-08-21.  ^ Rochester University History Dept Archived November 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Eastman Dry Plate ^ "Almanac: The birth of Kodak". CBS News. September 4, 2011. Retrieved September 3, 2012.  ^ a b c d  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Kodak". Encyclopedia Americana.  ^ Coe, Brian (1978). Cameras. Crown Publishing, Inc. ISBN 0-517-53381-2.  ^ Gordon, John Steele (October 2003). "What digital camera makers can learn from George Eastman". American Heritage. Archived from the original on December 13, 2007. Retrieved January 7, 2008.  ^ Brayer, Elizabeth (1996). George Eastman. The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-5263-3.  ^ a b "Dow Jones Industrial Average History" (PDF). Dow Jones Indexes. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 28, 2008. Retrieved June 15, 2008.  ^ Peck, Merton J. & Scherer, Frederic M. The Weapons Acquisition Process: An Economic Analysis (1962) Harvard Business School p.619 ^ O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, B. B. Snavely, CW operation of an organic dye solution dye laser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 1917-1918 (1970). ^ "As Kodak struggles, Eastman Chemical thrives". Reuters. December 24, 2011. Retrieved December 26, 2011.  ^ Daneman, Matthew (November 4, 2014). "New Kodak Moment: A $19M profit". democratandchronicle.com. Retrieved November 8, 2014.  ^ "Kodak To Buy Sterling Drug". tribunedigital-chicagotribune.  ^ C. H. Chen, J. L. Fox, F. J. Duarte, Lasing characteristics of new-coumarin-analog dyes: broadband and narrow-linewidth performance, Appl. Opt. 27, 443-445 (1988). ^ Black, Larry (June 16, 1993). "Kodak to spin off chemicals: Eastman will become independent by the end of this year". London: The Independent. Retrieved January 21, 2012.  ^ "One Eastman Chemical share set for 4 of Kodak". The New York Times. December 11, 1993. Retrieved January 21, 2012.  ^ "Kodak acquires Algotec for $42.5 million". The Engineer. November 18, 2003.  ^ "Kodak embraces digital revolution". BBC News. January 13, 2004. Retrieved January 2, 2012.  ^ "Kodak cuts 15,000 jobs worldwide". BBC News. January 22, 2004. Retrieved January 2, 2012.  ^ Teather, David (January 23, 2004). "Kodak pulls shutter down on its past". London: The Guardian. Retrieved January 2, 2012.  ^ "Kodak To Market Lexar Memory Cards". Forbes. May 17, 2004.  ^ "Kodak to Purchase OREX, Leader in Computed Radiography Products for Specialty Markets". Diagnostico Journal. January 18, 2005. Archived from the original on April 26, 2012.  ^ Sullivan, Terry (April 25, 2006). "Kodak's Small, Sleek…Superzoom?". PC Mag. Retrieved December 19, 2011.  ^ "Kodak intros wireless digital cameras". Macworld. April 25, 2006. Retrieved December 19, 2011.  ^ "Kodak Posts a Wider Loss". The New York Times. August 2, 2006. Retrieved January 2, 2012.  ^ "Slumping film sales leave Kodak figures deep in red". London: The Guardian. August 2, 2006. Retrieved January 2, 2012.  ^ "Kodak to Sell Health Group to Onex for up to $2.55 billion". Eastman Kodak. January 10, 2007. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved January 7, 2008.  ^ "Kodak Completes Sale of Health Group to Onex". Eastman Kodak. May 1, 2007. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved January 7, 2008.  ^ "Rohm and Haas to buy Kodak's light management films unit". Reuters. April 19, 2007. Retrieved January 22, 2012.  ^ "Chi Mei, Kodak ink deal to make slimmer screens". Taipei Times. May 26, 2007. Retrieved January 15, 2012.  ^ "Color Filter Array 2.0". June 14, 2007. Archived from the original on July 20, 2007.  ^ "Press Release: Kodak and Lexar Announce New Extended Five-Year Agreement". Eastman Kodak. September 4, 2007. Retrieved December 9, 2008.  ^ The Wall Street Journal November 26, 2008. Katherine Boehret. Family Snapshots in the Splendor of HD. ^ Paul, Franklin (January 29, 2009). "Kodak to cut up to 4,500 jobs". Reuters.com. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ "Kodak Will Retire Kodachrome, Its Oldest Color Film Stock". The New York Times. June 22, 2009. Retrieved December 26, 2011.  ^ Topping, Alexandra (June 23, 2009). "Mama, they've taken away my nice bright Kodachrome colours". London: The Guardian. Retrieved December 26, 2011.  ^ "Rocnow.com". Rocnow.com. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ "S&P ousts Kodak, but its shares rise". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. December 12, 2010. ISSN 1088-5153. Retrieved December 13, 2010.  ^ Spector, Mike; Mattioli, Dana (September 30, 2011). "Kodak Hires Restructuring Lawyers". WSJ. Retrieved September 30, 2011.  ^ "Beleaguered Kodak faces delisting from NYSE". Chicago Tribune. January 3, 2012. Archived from the original on January 6, 2012.  ^ Humer, Caroline (January 10, 2012). "Struggling Kodak film group split up, shares soar". Reuters. Retrieved January 15, 2012.  ^ Jarzemsky, Matt (January 10, 2012). "Kodak separates business into consumer and commercial segments". The Australian. Retrieved January 15, 2012.  ^ "Photography icon Eastman Kodak has filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. –". Usatoday.com. January 19, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ "Truesense Imaging Announces Independent Operation - Truesense Imaging, Inc". Truesenseimaging.com. Retrieved March 3, 2013.  ^ "Kodak to Cease Digital Camera Production". PC Magazine. February 9, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2012.  ^ "Kodak Focuses Consumer Business On More Profitable Growth Opportunities". Kodak. February 9, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2012.  ^ "Kodak to sell film business that made its name". The Chicago Tribune. August 24, 2012. Retrieved August 24, 2012.  ^ Jones, Roland. "Kodak plans to cut another 1,000 jobs". NBC News. Archived from the original on September 19, 2012. Retrieved September 10, 2012.  ^ "Kodak in $525 mln patent deal, eyes bankruptcy end". Reuters. December 19, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2012.  ^ "Kodak selling two businesses to pension plan". USA Today. April 29, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013.  ^ "Kodak emerges from Chapter 11". Screen Daily. September 4, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ "Video "The opening of the new Kodak"". October 17, 2013. Retrieved October 25, 2013.  ^ "Video "Jeff Clarke's Message to Employees"". March 12, 2014. Retrieved March 12, 2014.  ^ Fritz, Ben, Movie film, at death's door, gets a reprieve, Wall Street Journal, July 30, 2014, p.B1 ^ Chris Velazco. "Kodak's finally making smartphones (sort of)". Retrieved December 26, 2014.  ^ Burgess, Matt (20 October 2016). "Hands-on with Kodak's £449 Ektra – the camera maker's first phone". Wired. Conde Nast UK. Retrieved 22 December 2016.  ^ "Loading site please wait.." www.kodak.com. Retrieved 2017-08-24.  ^ Todd C. Frankel (6 January 2017). "Kodak says it's bringing back Ektachrome film, and photographers everywhere are smiling". The Washington Post.  ^ "KODAK EKTRA, the Camera-First Smartphone, Launches in the United States". www.kodak.com. Retrieved 2017-08-24.  ^ "KODAK Tablets launch throughout Europe". www.kodak.com. Retrieved 2017-08-24.  ^ may bring/ "Kodak Proclaims, "We Are Ready" for Whatever Life after Chapter 11 May Bring" Check |url= value (help). September 6, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013.  ^ a b "Update: Kodak exits Chapter 11". September 4, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013. [permanent dead link] ^ "AP EXCLUSIVE: Kodak CEO talks company's future". September 3, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013.  ^ "Me & my: Kodak NexPress SX3900". September 30, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013. [permanent dead link] ^ "Tried & Tested: Kodak Digimaster". January 21, 2011. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013.  ^ "KODAK FLEXCEL NX System - Kodak Graphic Communications Group". Graphics.kodak.com. Retrieved December 11, 2011.  ^ "Kodak Sees Bright Future in Imaging for Business". September 5, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013.  ^ "Kodak, Kingsbury ink deal on touch-screen sensors". June 27, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013.  ^ "Kodak, UniPixel have renamed their touch-screen sensor line". September 25, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2014.  ^ "Kodak To Buy Heidelberg's Digital Business". In-plant graphics. April 1, 2004. Retrieved September 2, 2015.  ^ "Digital Printing Solution - Kodak Graphics Communications Group". Eastman Kodak.  ^ "Kodak Revolutionizes the Inkjet Industry". Eastman Kodak. February 6, 2007.  ^ "Kodak to stop selling inkjet printers from 2013". Reuters. September 28, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2012.  ^ "Kodak Emerges From Bankruptcy". Variety. September 3, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2014.  ^ "Kodak sells British visual effects house Cinesite". Los Angeles Times. May 10, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2014.  ^ "LAC Group Acquires Kodak's PRO-TEK Film Preservation Subsidiary to Expand Information Curation and Stewardship Services". October 16, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013.  ^ "Kodak embraces digital revolution". BBC News. January 13, 2004. Retrieved May 1, 2010.  ^ "Polaroid Corp. v. Eastman Kodak Co". October 12, 1990. Archived from the original on June 9, 2007.  ^ "History — Truesense Imaging, Inc".  ^ "Weave Innovations StoryBox". Gadget Central. April 4, 2000.  ^ Scoblete, Greg (March 12, 2001). "Digital Frames Make Inroads In Consumer Market". Twice. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. Retrieved January 7, 2008.  ^ Rubin, Ben Fox (March 1, 2012). "Kodak Agrees to Sell Gallery to Shutterfly". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 12, 2012.  ^ "Insurance | Case Studies | Gore Success Story". Microdea.com. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved December 11, 2011.  ^ "Kodak to Stop Making Black-and-White Paper". Fox News. June 16, 2005. Retrieved January 7, 2008.  ^ "KODAK, Esprida offer Remote Business Manager for photo kiosks". Kiosk Marketplace. October 10, 2006. Archived from the original on December 13, 2007. Retrieved January 7, 2008.  ^ "KODAK Adaptive Picture Exchange (APEX)". Kodak. June 24, 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2016.  ^ Kiplinger Washington Editors, Inc (April 1962). "The story behind Kodak Trademark". Kiplinger's Personal Finance. p. 40 CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Nemenoff, Ben. "Houston, David Henderson". nd.gov. Archived from the original on May 30, 2010. Retrieved September 5, 2010.  ^ T. H. James, Journey: 75 Years of Kodak Research (Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, 1989). ^ Burley, Robert (February 21, 2007). "Back to the Future - Photography in the 21st Century, February 21, 2007". The Photographic Historical Society of Canada. Retrieved October 1, 2011.  ^ "Special Collections: Kodak Canada Corporate Archives and Heritage Collection". Ryerson University Library and Archives. Retrieved October 1, 2011.  ^ "Eastman Kodak Resigns from Council of Better Business Bureaus After Expulsion Proceedings are Initiated". Better Business Bureau. March 26, 2007. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved January 31, 2014.  ^ Rochester Business Journal, March 26, 2007 ^ Don Reisinger, CNET. "Kodak wins key battle in Apple patent case." May 13, 2011. Retrieved May 13, 2011. ^ "Notice of Commission Determination" (PDF). 


Bibliography[edit] ACKERMAN, Carl William, George Eastman: founder of Kodak and the photography business, Beard Books, Washington, D. C., 2000. BINANT, Philippe, Au coeur de la projection numérique, Actions, 29, 12-13, Kodak, Paris, 2007.


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kodak. Kodak Kodak Alaris Kodak Camera Catalog Info at Historic Camera v t e Eastman Kodak Subsidiaries Chinon Industries Creo Kodak Express Qualex ESL Federal Credit Union Cameras Brownie Canon EOS D2000 D6000 DCS 1 DCS 3 Cine-Kodak Cine Special 16mm Cameras Instamatic Kodak 35 Kodak 35 Rangefinder Brownie Number 2 Kodak DC Series DC215 DC3200 Kodak DCS 100 300 series 400 series Pro 14n Pro SLR/c Pro SLR/n Kodak DX7590 Zoom Digital Camera Kodak EasyShare C1013 C300 C330 C340 C613 C813 CX4200 CX4230 DX4530 DX6440 DX6490 P880 V570 Kodak Pony 828 Retina Retina Reflex Retinette Signet Starflash Stereo Camera Vigilant camera Z612 Zoom Digital Camera Z712 IS ZOOM digital camera Starmatic Camera film 110 120 126 127 135 616 828 Disc Ektachrome Ektar Kodachrome Kodacolor Filmmaking Still photography High-Speed Infrared Portra T-MAX Tri-X Technical Pan Other products Approval proofer Autographic film Carousel slide projector Cinema Digital Sound Cineon Colorama Eastmancolor Eastman Color Negative Eastman Color Positive KAF-10500 Keykode Kodacolor Technology Kodak Ektaprint Electronic Publishing System Kodak Gallery Kodak Photo Printer 6800 Kodak Proofing Software Kodak S-mount Kodak Ultima Kodascope KPR Picture CD Super 8 film Versamat Media Changing Focus The Brownies Technical standards DX encoding Four Thirds system Micro Four Thirds system People George Eastman Places Eastman Business Park Kodak Heights (Building 9) Kodak Park Railroad Kodak Photo Spot Kodak Picture Kiosk Kodak, Tennessee Kodak Tower Court cases Kodak v. Worden Kodak v. Image Technical Services Vroegh v. Kodak Processes C-22 C-41 RA-4 K-14 Related Union of Kodak Workers "You Press the Button, We Do the Rest" Sponsorships ‹ The template below (Major information technology companies) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. › v t e Major information technology companies Largest IT companies Largest Internet companies Largest software companies Consulting and outsourcing Accenture Atos Booz Allen Hamilton BMC Software BT Global Services CACI Capgemini CGI Group Cognizant Deloitte Digital China DXC Technology Fujitsu HCL Technologies Hitachi Consulting IBM Global Services Indra Sistemas Infosys Infor KPMG Leidos NEC NTT DATA Orange Business Services T-Systems Tata Consultancy Services Tech Mahindra Unisys Wipro Imaging Canon Inc. HP Inc. Eastman Kodak Fujifilm Hikvision Konica Minolta Kyocera Lexmark Nikon Olympus Corporation Panasonic Ricoh (Pentax) Samsung Electronics Seiko Epson Sharp Sony Toshiba Xerox Information storage ADATA Dell Technologies (Dell EMC) Fujitsu Hitachi Data Systems Hewlett Packard Enterprise IBM Kingston Technology LenovoEMC NetApp Oracle Corporation Plextor Samsung Electronics Seagate Technology Silicon Power Sony Toshiba Transcend Information Western Digital (SanDisk) Internet Baidu Facebook Google IAC/InterActiveCorp Microsoft Naver NetEase Netflix Oath Tencent Twitter Uber Vox Media Yandex Cloud computing Akamai Technologies Alibaba Cloud Amazon Web Services Google IBM Microsoft Oracle Corporation Rackspace Salesforce.com E-commerce only Alibaba Group Amazon.com eBay Flipkart Groupon JD.com Shopify Rakuten Mainframes Fujitsu IBM Mobile devices Acer Inc. Amazon.com Apple (iOS) Asus BBK Electronics (OPPO, OnePlus, Vivo) BlackBerry Limited Google (Android) Hisense HTC Huawei Karbonn Lava (XOLO) Lenovo (Motorola Mobility) LG Electronics Meizu Micromax (YU) Microsoft Nokia (HMD Global) Panasonic Samsung Sony TCL Corporation Transsion True Xiaomi ZTE Networking equipment Avaya Cisco Systems Ericsson Fujitsu Hewlett Packard Enterprise Huawei Juniper Networks Motorola Solutions NEC Nokia Qualcomm ZTE OEMs Celestica Compal Electronics Flextronics Foxconn Jabil Pegatron Quanta Sanmina Corporation TPV Technology Wistron Corporation Personal computers and servers Acer Inc. Apple Inc. Asus Dell Fujitsu Huawei HP Inc. Lenovo LG Electronics Microsoft NEC Panasonic Positivo Razer Inc. Samsung Electronics Toshiba Servers only Cisco Systems Hewlett Packard Enterprise IBM Inspur Oracle Corporation Financial technology Euronet Worldwide FIS PayPal Fiserv Jack Henry SWIFT Square Point of sale Casio NCR Panasonic Samsung Electronics Seiko Epson Sharp Star Micronics Toshiba Wincor Nixdorf Semiconductors ASE Group Fujitsu Infineon Technologies Integrated Micro-Electronics, Inc. Intel NXP Semiconductors (Freescale) ON Semiconductor Panasonic Renesas Electronics Samsung Electronics Sony STMicroelectronics Texas Instruments Fabless Advanced Micro Devices Apple Inc. Broadcom Marvell Technology Group MediaTek Nvidia Qualcomm VIA Technologies Memory Micron Technology Samsung Electronics SanDisk SK Hynix Toshiba Foundries GlobalFoundries TSMC United Microelectronics Corporation Samsung Foundry SMIC Equipment ASML Applied Materials KLA-Tencor Lam Research Tokyo Electron Software Adobe Systems Amadeus IT Group Apple Inc. Autodesk BMC Software CA Technologies FIS Google Hewlett Packard Enterprise IBM Intuit Infor Microsoft Oracle Corporation Quest Software Sage Group SAP SE Symantec VMware Telecommunications América Móvil AT&T Bell Canada Bezeq Bharti Airtel Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited BT Group CenturyLink China Mobile China Telecommunications Corporation China Telecom China Unicom Chunghwa Telecom Comcast Deutsche Telekom Digicel FLOW Hutchison Asia Idea Cellular Jio KDDI KPN KT Corporation Mahanagar Telephone Nigam MTN MTS Nippon NTT DoCoMo Oi Orange S.A. PCCW Reliance Rogers Shaw Singtel SK Telecom SoftBank Mobile Spark Sprint Corporation Swisscom Taiwan Mobile Tata Teleservices Telecom Italia Telefónica Telenor Telus Telmex Telstra TPG Trilogy International Partners True Türk Telekom Veon Verizon Viettel Vivendi Vodafone Travel technology Amadeus IT Group Sabre Corporation Travelport Video games Activision Blizzard Atari Bandai Namco Capcom‎ Deep Silver Disney Mobile Electronic Arts Epic Games Gameloft Glu Mobile LucasArts Koei Tecmo Konami Marvelous Microsoft NCsoft Nexon Nintendo Nippon Ichi Software Sega SNK Sony Square Enix Take-Two Interactive Tencent Ubisoft Valve Warner Bros. ZeniMax Methodology: FY2014/15 applicable revenues of over: groups 1–3, 6–12: US$3 billion; group 4: US$2 billion; groups 5, 13, 16: US$1 billion v t e Kohlberg Kravis Roberts Founders Jerome Kohlberg Jr. Henry Kravis George R. Roberts Selected current investments Academy Sports + Outdoors Aricent Group Bharti Enterprises Capsugel CICC Café Coffee Day Colonial Pipeline Del Monte Foods Dollar General Eastman Kodak El Paso Corp. Energy Future Holdings First Data Hospital Corporation of America KION Group Laureate Education Legg Mason Legrand Magma Fincorp Maxeda Nielsen Holdings Northgate Information Solutions NXP Semiconductors Oriental Brewery Pets at Home ProSiebenSat.1 Media Sealy Corporation Seven West Media TDC A/S Toys "R" Us US Foods Visma Wild Yageo Zhone Technologies Category v t e City of Rochester, New York History - Nathaniel Rochester - Other notable residents - List of mayors Transportation Rochester-Genesee Regional Transportation Authority Greater Rochester International Airport Rochester Amtrak Station Erie Canal Douglass-Anthony Bridge Veterans Memorial Bridge Former Rochester Subway Aqueduct Lehigh Valley Railroad Station Erie Railroad Depot Spirit of Ontario I (Fast Ferry) Neighborhoods Downtown Charlotte 19th Ward (Arvine Heights Chili-West) Browncroft Corn Hill South Wedge Linden–South Maplewood East End Eastman Business Park North Winton City Hall Historic District High Falls State Street Brown's Race Historic District 14621 Neighborhood Parks and landmarks Mount Hope Cemetery Highland Park Durand Eastman Park Genesee Valley Park Seneca Park Zoo George Eastman Museum Susan B. Anthony House Rundel Memorial Library Federal Building/City Hall Powers Building Blue Cross Arena Frontier Field Capelli Sport Stadium Sibley's, Lindsay and Curr Building First Federal Plaza Legacy Tower Kodak Tower Times Square Building Five Star Bank Plaza Xerox Tower Tower 280 (Midtown Tower) The Metropolitan Entertainment Sports in Rochester The Strong National Museum of Play Rochester Museum and Science Center Memorial Art Gallery Rochester Contemporary Art Center Little Theatre Eastman Theatre Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra Water Street Music Hall Rochester Lilac Festival Rochester International Film Festival High Falls Film Festival Xerox Rochester International Jazz Festival Geva Theatre Center Food Garbage Plate Zweigle's White Hot Abbott's Frozen Custard DiBella's Harts Local Grocers Mark's Pizzeria Wegmans Genesee Brewing Company Research and education University of Rochester Eastman School of Music Medical Center Rochester Institute of Technology Center for Urban Entrepreneurship Rochester City School District Rochester Academy Charter School Aquinas Institute Monroe Community College Rochester Area Colleges Other Democrat and Chronicle Rochester Police Department List of tallest buildings in Rochester, New York Hickey Freeman Bausch & Lomb Eastman Kodak Xerox French's Rochester Products (defunct) Midtown Plaza (defunct) McCurdy's B. Forman Co. Sibley's (defunct) Rochester Metro Area - Monroe County - Western New York - Finger Lakes - State of New York New York portal Companies portal Photography portal Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kodak&oldid=819854867" Categories: Kodak1888 establishments in New York (state)Academy Award for Technical Achievement winnersAmerican companies established in 1888Battery manufacturersCompanies listed on the New York Stock ExchangeCompanies that have filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcyComputer printer companiesConsumer battery manufacturersElectronics companies of the United StatesFormer components of the Dow Jones Industrial AverageManufacturing companies based in New JerseyManufacturing companies based in Rochester, New YorkMultinational companies headquartered in the United StatesOrganizations awarded an Academy Honorary AwardPhotographic film makersPhotography companies of the United StatesTechnology companies established in 1888Hidden categories: CS1 Chinese-language sources (zh)Webarchive template wayback linksWikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopedia Americana with a Wikisource referencePages with URL errorsAll articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from December 2017Articles with permanently dead external linksArticles with inconsistent citation formatsCS1 maint: Extra text: authors listUse mdy dates from September 2016Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2015All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from January 2012


Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages AfrikaansالعربيةAsturianuAzərbaycancaবাংলাBân-lâm-gúБългарскиCatalàČeštinaDanskDeutschEspañolEsperantoEuskaraفارسیFrançaisGalego한국어ՀայերենBahasa IndonesiaItalianoעבריתಕನ್ನಡҚазақшаLietuviųMagyarമലയാളംمصرىBahasa MelayuNederlands日本語NorskOʻzbekcha/ўзбекчаPolskiPortuguêsRomânăРусскийScotsShqipSimple EnglishSlovenčinaکوردیSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиSuomiSvenskaதமிழ்ไทยTürkçeУкраїнськаاردوTiếng Việtייִדיש粵語中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 11 January 2018, at 17:20. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"1.180","walltime":"1.353","ppvisitednodes":{"value":7603,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":339796,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":7384,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":17,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":4,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 1114.042 1 -total"," 62.04% 691.147 1 Template:Reflist"," 25.62% 285.463 75 Template:Cite_news"," 19.52% 217.484 51 Template:Cite_web"," 8.92% 99.393 1 Template:Infobox_company"," 7.77% 86.570 1 Template:Infobox"," 5.04% 56.144 11 Template:Navbox"," 3.31% 36.835 1 Template:Clarify"," 3.11% 34.696 1 Template:Fix-span"," 3.03% 33.705 1 Template:Major_information_technology_companies"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.606","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":10200419,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1324","timestamp":"20180116003620","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":110,"wgHostname":"mw1263"});});


Eastman_Kodak - Photos and All Basic Informations

Eastman_Kodak More Links

Kodiak (disambiguation)Kodak (disambiguation)List Of Business EntitiesPublic CompanyTicker SymbolNew York Stock ExchangeGraphic ArtsConsumer ProductsGeorge EastmanHenry A. StrongRochester, New YorkNew York (state)United StatesJeff Clarke (businessman)Chief Executive OfficerChairmanUnited States DollarEarnings Before Interest And TaxesNet IncomeAssetEquity (finance)Public CompanyRochester, New YorkNew JerseyInkjet PrintingPhotographic FilmGeorge EastmanHenry A. Strong20th CenturySnapshot (photography)TaglineDigital PhotographyDigital PrintingPatent LitigationChapter 11, Title 11, United States CodeUnited States District Court For The Southern District Of New YorkPhotographic FilmMotion Picture FilmApple Inc.GoogleFacebookAmazon.comMicrosoftSamsungAdobe SystemsHTCIntellectual VenturesRPX CorporationKodak AlarisEnlargeGeorge EastmanRazor And Blades StrategyFujifilm1984 Los Angeles OlympicsVelviaProviaKodachromeWorld Trade OrganizationEnlargeTypefaceEnlargeHistory Of The CameraGeorge M. C. FisherWikipedia:Please ClarifyApple Inc.QuickTakeKodak DC SeriesKodak DC SeriesSeptember 11 AttacksDaniel CarpSonyCanon Inc.SonyNikonCellphoneSmartphoneTablet ComputerFile:Kodak-Max-400-35mm-Film.jpgEnlargeEnlargeKodak TowerRochester, New YorkNew York (state)Razor And Blades Business ModelHewlett-PackardPatent LitigationLG CorpCitigroupDebtor-in-possession FinancingChapter 11Micro Four ThirdsJeff Clarke (businessman)EnlargeEnlargeEnlargeGeorge EastmanRoll FilmThomas EdisonFixed FocusAmateur PhotographyRoll FilmCelluloseBox CameraGeorge EastmanYou Press The Button, We Do The RestDraculaLeo BaekelandEnlargeBrownie (camera)EnlargeBrownie (camera)Autographic FilmAcetylDow Jones Industrial AverageEnlargeEnlargeKodachromeT13 Beano GrenadeWorld War IIEnlargeBrownie (camera)InstamaticPoint-and-shoot CameraDye LaserSteven SassonDigital CameraBayer PatternPolaroid CorporationDisc FilmMegapixelChing W. TangSterling DrugCoumarinLaser DyeKodak DCSNikon F3PhotokinaEastman ChemicalFortune 500Apple QuicktakeAMOLEDIsraelPicture Archiving And Communication SystemDow Jones Industrial AverageLexarIsraelBurnabyBritish ColumbiaCanadaCreo (company)Kodak EasyShare V570Consumer Electronics ShowFlextronicsOnex CorporationCarestream HealthRohm And HaasKodak ParkChi Mei CorporationF-numberBayer FilterPanchromaticHillcrest LabsKodachromeOrganic Light-emitting DiodeLG ElectronicsStandard & Poor'sS&P 500New York Stock ExchangeChapter 11GlobalVisionLa HulpeJeff Clarke (businessman)Kodak EktraBullitt GroupArchosList Of Products Manufactured By KodakInkjet TechnologyFlexographyHeidelberger DruckmaschinenLexmarkMultifunction PrinterKodacolor TechnologyInk Cartridge35 Mm Film16 Mm FilmHome MoviesFilm Production8 Mm FilmSuper 8 Mm FilmTelevision ProductionVideo TapeEnlargeCameraDisposable CameraAdvanced Photo SystemVivitarPolaroid CorporationInstant CameraKodamaticInstant FilmLeica M8KAF-10500Image SensorKodak DCSKodak EasyShareEnlargeChinon IndustriesKodak DCSDigital Single-lens Reflex CameraDigital Camera Back35 Mm FilmKodak DCS 100FlextronicsMemory Card SlotWi-FiKodak GalleryKodak GalleryOfotoSilver HalideEnlargeThermosublimation PrinterEnlargeAnagramKenneth MeesWikipedia:Citation NeededEnlargeHenry A. StrongGeorge EastmanWilliam S. VaughnGerald B. ZornowWalter A. FallonColby Chandler (CEO)George M. C. FisherDaniel CarpAntonio M. PérezJeff Clarke (businessman)Bryce BayerHarry CooverF. J. DuarteLoyd A. JonesMaurice Loyal HugginsRudolf KingslakeDavid MacAdamKenneth MeesPerley G. NuttingOptical SocietySteven SassonSteven Van SlykeWarren J. SmithChing W. TangArthur WidmerAcademy Of Motion Picture Arts And SciencesRyerson UniversityTorontoRyerson University LibraryKodak HeightsMount DennisGeorge Eastman HouseBetter Business BureauInternational Trade CommissionAdministrative Law JudgeList Of Products Manufactured By KodakMotion Picture Patents CompanyKodak HeightsWomen In Film Crystal + Lucy AwardsKodakCoinNew JerseyThe Wall Street JournalDow Jones & CompanyABC-CLIOInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781440802775The EconomistChinaWayback MachineCBS NewsPublic DomainEncyclopedia AmericanaInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-517-53381-2John Steele GordonAmerican Heritage (magazine)International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8018-5263-3Whiz Kids (Department Of Defense)Frederic M. SchererHarvard Business SchoolDemocrat And ChronicleRochester, New YorkInternational Standard Serial NumberWSJHelp:CS1 ErrorsWikipedia:Link RotWikipedia:Link RotFox NewsCategory:CS1 Maint: Extra Text: Authors ListTemplate:Eastman KodakTemplate Talk:Eastman KodakChinon IndustriesCreo (company)Kodak ExpressQualexESL Federal Credit UnionBrownie (camera)Canon EOSCanon EOS D2000Canon EOS D6000Canon EOS DCS 1Canon EOS DCS 3Cine-KodakKodak Cine Special 16mm CamerasInstamaticKodak 35Kodak 35 RangefinderKodak Brownie Number 2Kodak DC SeriesKodak DC215Kodak DC3200Kodak DCSKodak DCS 100Kodak DCS 300 SeriesKodak DCS 400 SeriesKodak DCS Pro 14nKodak DCS Pro SLR/cKodak DCS Pro SLR/nKodak DX7590 Zoom Digital CameraKodak EasyShareKodak Easyshare C1013Kodak EasyShare C300Kodak EasyShare C330Kodak EasyShare C340Kodak EasyShare C613Kodak Easyshare C813Kodak EasyShare CX4200Kodak EasyShare CX4230Kodak EasyShare DX4530Kodak EasyShare DX6440Kodak EasyShare DX6490Kodak EasyShare P880Kodak EasyShare V570Kodak PonyKodak RetinaKodak Retina ReflexKodak RetinetteKodak SignetKodak StarflashKodak Stereo CameraKodak Vigilant CameraKodak Z612 Zoom Digital CameraKodak Z712 IS ZOOM Digital CameraStarmatic110 Film120 Film126 Film127 Film135 Film616 Film828 FilmDisc FilmEktachromeEktarKodachromeKodacolor (filmmaking)Kodacolor (still Photography)Kodak High-Speed InfraredKodak PortraKodak T-MAXKodak Tri-XTechnical PanList Of Products Manufactured By KodakApproval ProoferAutographic FilmCarousel Slide ProjectorCinema Digital SoundCineonColorama (Kodak)EastmancolorEastman Color NegativeEastman Color PositiveKAF-10500KeykodeKodacolor TechnologyKodak Ektaprint Electronic Publishing SystemKodak GalleryKodak Photo Printer 6800Kodak Proofing SoftwareKodak S-mountKodak UltimaKodascopeKPRPicture CDSuper 8 FilmVersamatChanging FocusThe BrowniesDX EncodingFour Thirds SystemMicro Four Thirds SystemGeorge EastmanEastman Business ParkKodak HeightsKodak Building 9Kodak Park RailroadKodak Photo SpotKodak Picture KioskKodak, TennesseeKodak TowerEastman Kodak Co V. Harold WordenEastman Kodak Co. V. Image Technical Services, Inc.Vroegh V. Eastman Kodak Co.C-22 ProcessC-41 ProcessRA-4 ProcessK-14 ProcessUnion Of Kodak WorkersYou Press The Button, We Do The RestCategory:Kodak SponsorshipsHelp:TemplateTemplate:Major Information Technology CompaniesWikipedia:Templates For Discussion/Log/2018 January 16Template:Major Information Technology CompaniesTemplate Talk:Major Information Technology CompaniesInformation TechnologyList Of The Largest Information Technology CompaniesList Of Largest Internet CompaniesList Of The Largest Software CompaniesAccentureAtosBooz Allen HamiltonBMC SoftwareBT Global ServicesCACICapgeminiCGI GroupCognizantDeloitteDigital ChinaDXC TechnologyFujitsuHCL TechnologiesHitachi ConsultingIBM Global ServicesIndra SistemasInfosysInforKPMGLeidosNECNTT DATAOrange Business ServicesT-SystemsTata Consultancy ServicesTech MahindraUnisysWiproCanon Inc.HP Inc.FujifilmHikvisionKonica MinoltaKyoceraLexmarkNikonOlympus CorporationPanasonicRicohPentaxSamsung ElectronicsSeiko EpsonSharp CorporationSonyToshibaXeroxADATADell TechnologiesDell EMCFujitsuHitachi Data SystemsHewlett Packard EnterpriseIBMKingston TechnologyLenovoEMCNetAppOracle CorporationPlextorSamsung ElectronicsSeagate TechnologySilicon PowerSonyToshibaTranscend InformationWestern DigitalSanDiskBaiduFacebookGoogleIAC (company)MicrosoftNaver CorporationNetEaseNetflixOath Inc.TencentTwitterUber (company)Vox MediaYandexAkamai TechnologiesAlibaba CloudAmazon Web ServicesGoogleIBM Cloud ComputingMicrosoft AzureOracle CorporationRackspaceSalesforce.comAlibaba GroupAmazon (company)EBayFlipkartGrouponJD.comShopifyRakutenFujitsuIBMAcer Inc.Amazon (company)Apple Inc.IOSAsusBBK ElectronicsOPPO ElectronicsOnePlusVivo (smartphone)BlackBerry LimitedGoogleAndroid (operating System)HisenseHTCHuaweiKarbonn MobilesLava InternationalXolo (company)LenovoMotorola MobilityLG ElectronicsMeizuMicromax InformaticsYU TeleventuresMicrosoft MobileNokiaHMD GlobalPanasonicSamsung ElectronicsSony MobileTCL CorporationTecno MobileTrue CorporationXiaomiZTEAvayaCisco SystemsEricssonFujitsuHewlett Packard EnterpriseHuaweiJuniper NetworksMotorola SolutionsNECNokiaQualcommZTECelesticaCompal ElectronicsFlextronicsFoxconnJabilPegatronQuanta ComputerSanmina CorporationTPV TechnologyWistronAcer Inc.Apple Inc.AsusDell (subsidiary)FujitsuHuaweiHP Inc.LenovoLG ElectronicsMicrosoftNECPanasonicPositivo InformáticaRazer Inc.Samsung ElectronicsToshibaCisco SystemsHewlett Packard EnterpriseIBMInspurOracle CorporationFinancial TechnologyEuronet WorldwideFIS (company)PayPalFiservJack Henry & AssociatesSociety For Worldwide Interbank Financial TelecommunicationSquare, Inc.CasioNCR CorporationPanasonicSamsung ElectronicsSeiko EpsonSharp CorporationStar MicronicsToshibaWincor NixdorfASE GroupFujitsuInfineon TechnologiesIntegrated Micro-Electronics, Inc.IntelNXP SemiconductorsFreescale SemiconductorON SemiconductorPanasonicRenesas ElectronicsSamsung ElectronicsSonySTMicroelectronicsTexas InstrumentsFabless ManufacturingAdvanced Micro DevicesApple Inc.BroadcomMarvell Technology GroupMediaTekNvidiaQualcommVIA TechnologiesMicron TechnologySamsung ElectronicsSanDiskSK HynixToshibaGlobalFoundriesTSMCUnited Microelectronics CorporationSamsung ElectronicsSemiconductor Manufacturing International CorporationASML HoldingApplied MaterialsKLA-TencorLam ResearchTokyo ElectronAdobe SystemsAmadeus IT GroupApple Inc.AutodeskBMC SoftwareCA TechnologiesFIS (company)GoogleHewlett Packard EnterpriseIBMIntuitInforMicrosoftOracle CorporationQuest SoftwareSage GroupSAP SESymantecVMwareTelecommunications IndustryAmérica MóvilAT&TBell CanadaBezeqBharti AirtelBharat Sanchar Nigam LimitedBT GroupCenturyLinkChina MobileChina Telecommunications CorporationChina TelecomChina UnicomChunghwa TelecomComcastDeutsche TelekomDigicelFlow (brand)Hutchison Asia Telecom GroupIdea CellularJioKDDIKPNKT CorporationMahanagar Telephone Nigam LimitedMTN GroupMTS (network Provider)Nippon Telegraph And TelephoneNTT DoCoMoOi (telecommunications)Orange S.A.PCCWReliance CommunicationsRogers CommunicationsShaw CommunicationsSingtelSK TelecomSoftBank GroupSpark New ZealandSprint CorporationSwisscomTaiwan MobileTata TeleservicesTelecom ItaliaTelefónicaTelenorTelusTelmexTelstraTPG TelecomTrilogy International PartnersTrue CorporationTürk TelekomVeon (company)Verizon CommunicationsViettelVivendiVodafoneTravel TechnologyAmadeus IT GroupSabre CorporationTravelportVideo Game IndustryActivision BlizzardAtari, SABandai Namco EntertainmentCapcomDeep SilverDisney MobileElectronic ArtsEpic GamesGameloftGlu MobileLucasArtsKoei TecmoKonamiMarvelous (company)Microsoft StudiosNCsoftNexonNintendoNippon Ichi SoftwareSegaSNKSony Interactive EntertainmentSquare EnixTake-Two InteractiveTencentUbisoftValve CorporationWarner Bros. Interactive EntertainmentZeniMax MediaTemplate:Kohlberg Kravis RobertsTemplate Talk:Kohlberg Kravis RobertsKohlberg Kravis RobertsJerome Kohlberg Jr.Henry KravisGeorge R. RobertsAcademy Sports + OutdoorsAricent GroupBharti EnterprisesCapsugelChina International Capital CorpCafé Coffee DayColonial PipelineDel Monte FoodsDollar GeneralEastman KodakEl Paso Corp.Energy Future HoldingsFirst DataHospital Corporation Of AmericaKION GroupLaureate EducationLegg MasonLegrand (company)Magma FincorpMaxedaNielsen HoldingsNorthgate Information SolutionsNXP SemiconductorsOriental BreweryPets At HomeProSiebenSat.1 MediaSealy CorporationSeven West MediaTDC A/SToys "R" UsUS FoodsVismaWild (company)YageoZhone TechnologiesCategory:Kohlberg Kravis RobertsTemplate:City Of Rochester, NYTemplate Talk:City Of Rochester, NYRochester, New YorkHistory Of Rochester, New YorkNathaniel RochesterList Of People From Rochester, New YorkList Of Mayors Of Rochester, New YorkRochester-Genesee Regional Transportation AuthorityGreater Rochester International AirportRochester Station (New York)Erie CanalFrederick Douglass–Susan B. Anthony Memorial BridgeVeterans Memorial Bridge (Rochester, New York)Rochester SubwayBroad Street Bridge (Rochester, New York)Lehigh Valley Railroad Station (Rochester, New York)Erie Railroad Depot (Rochester, New York)HSC Dolphin JetDowntown RochesterCharlotte, Rochester, New YorkArvine Heights Historic DistrictChili-West Historic DistrictBrowncroft Historic DistrictSouth Wedge Historic DistrictLinden–South Historic DistrictMaplewood Historic DistrictEastman Business ParkCity Hall Historic District (Rochester, New York)High Falls (Rochester, New York)State Street Historic District (Rochester, New York)Brown's Race Historic DistrictMount Hope Cemetery (Rochester)Highland Park, Rochester, New YorkDurand Eastman ParkGenesee Valley ParkSeneca Park ZooGeorge Eastman MuseumSusan B. Anthony HouseRundel Memorial LibraryFederal Building (Rochester, New York)Powers BuildingBlue Cross ArenaFrontier FieldCapelli Sport StadiumSibley's, Lindsay And Curr BuildingFirst Federal PlazaLegacy Tower (Rochester, New York)Kodak TowerTimes Square Building (Rochester)Five Star Bank PlazaXerox TowerTower 280The Metropolitan (Rochester)Sports In Rochester, New YorkThe Strong National Museum Of PlayRochester Museum And Science CenterMemorial Art GalleryRochester Contemporary Art CenterLittle Theatre (Rochester, New York)Eastman TheatreRochester Philharmonic OrchestraWater Street Music HallRochester Lilac FestivalRochester International Film FestivalHigh Falls Film FestivalXerox Rochester International Jazz FestivalGeva Theatre CenterGarbage PlateZweigle'sWhite HotAbbott's Frozen CustardDiBella'sHarts Local GrocersMark's PizzeriaWegmansGenesee Brewing CompanyUniversity Of RochesterEastman School Of MusicUniversity Of Rochester Medical CenterRochester Institute Of TechnologyRochester Savings BankRochester City School DistrictRochester Academy Charter SchoolAquinas InstituteMonroe Community CollegeRochester Area CollegesDemocrat And ChronicleRochester Police DepartmentList Of Tallest Buildings In Rochester, New YorkHickey FreemanBausch & LombEastman KodakXeroxFrench'sRochester ProductsMidtown Plaza (Rochester)McCurdy'sB. Forman Co.Sibley'sRochester, New York Metropolitan AreaMonroe County, New YorkWestern New YorkFinger LakesNew York (state)Portal:New YorkPortal:CompaniesPortal:PhotographyHelp:CategoryCategory:KodakCategory:1888 Establishments In New York (state)Category:Academy Award For Technical Achievement WinnersCategory:American Companies Established In 1888Category:Battery ManufacturersCategory:Companies Listed On The New York Stock ExchangeCategory:Companies That Have Filed For Chapter 11 BankruptcyCategory:Computer Printer CompaniesCategory:Consumer Battery ManufacturersCategory:Electronics Companies Of The United StatesCategory:Former Components Of The Dow Jones Industrial AverageCategory:Manufacturing Companies Based In New JerseyCategory:Manufacturing Companies Based In Rochester, New YorkCategory:Multinational Companies Headquartered In The United StatesCategory:Organizations Awarded An Academy Honorary AwardCategory:Photographic Film MakersCategory:Photography Companies Of The United StatesCategory:Technology Companies Established In 1888Category:CS1 Chinese-language Sources (zh)Category:Webarchive Template Wayback LinksCategory:Wikipedia Articles Incorporating A Citation From The Encyclopedia Americana With A Wikisource ReferenceCategory:Pages With URL ErrorsCategory:All Articles With Dead External LinksCategory:Articles With Dead External Links From December 2017Category:Articles With Permanently Dead External LinksCategory:Articles With Inconsistent Citation FormatsCategory:CS1 Maint: Extra Text: Authors ListCategory:Use Mdy Dates From September 2016Category:Wikipedia Articles Needing Clarification From September 2015Category:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From January 2012Discussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



view link view link view link view link view link