Contents 1 Purpose 2 History 3 Domain name space 3.1 Domain name syntax 3.2 Top-level domains 3.3 Second-level and lower level domains 3.4 Internationalized domain names 4 Domain name registration 4.1 History 4.2 Administration 4.3 Technical requirements and process 4.4 Business models 5 Resale of domain names 6 Domain name confusion 7 Use in web site hosting 8 Abuse and regulation 8.1 Truth in Domain Names Act 8.2 Seizures 8.3 Suspensions 9 Fictitious domain name 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Purpose Domain names serve to identify Internet resources, such as computers, networks, and services, with a text-based label that is easier to memorize than the numerical addresses used in the Internet protocols. A domain name may represent entire collections of such resources or individual instances. Individual Internet host computers use domain names as host identifiers, also called host names. The term host name is also used for the leaf labels in the domain name system, usually without further subordinate domain name space. Host names appear as a component in Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) for Internet resources such as web sites (e.g., Domain names are also used as simple identification labels to indicate ownership or control of a resource. Such examples are the realm identifiers used in the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP), the Domain Keys used to verify DNS domains in e-mail systems, and in many other Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs). An important function of domain names is to provide easily recognizable and memorizable names to numerically addressed Internet resources. This abstraction allows any resource to be moved to a different physical location in the address topology of the network, globally or locally in an intranet. Such a move usually requires changing the IP address of a resource and the corresponding translation of this IP address to and from its domain name. Domain names are used to establish a unique identity. Organizations can choose a domain name that corresponds to their name, helping Internet users to reach them easily. A generic domain is a name that defines a general category, rather than a specific or personal instance, for example, the name of an industry, rather than a company name. Some examples of generic names are,, and Companies have created brands based on generic names, and such generic domain names may be valuable.[citation needed] Domain names are often simply referred to as domains and domain name registrants are frequently referred to as domain owners, although domain name registration with a registrar does not confer any legal ownership of the domain name, only an exclusive right of use for a particular duration of time. The use of domain names in commerce may subject them to trademark law.

History The practice of using a simple memorable abstraction of a host's numerical address on a computer network dates back to the ARPANET era, before the advent of today's commercial Internet. In the early network, each computer on the network retrieved the hosts file (host.txt) from a computer at SRI (now SRI International),[3][4] which mapped computer host names to numerical addresses. The rapid growth of the network made it impossible to maintain a centrally organized hostname registry and in 1983 the Domain Name System was introduced on the ARPANET and published by the Internet Engineering Task Force as RFC 882 and RFC 883.

Domain name space Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) manages the top-level development and architecture of the Internet domain name space. It authorizes domain name registrars, through which domain names may be registered and reassigned. The hierarchical domain name system, organized into zones, each served by domain name servers. The domain name space consists of a tree of domain names. Each node in the tree holds information associated with the domain name. The tree sub-divides into zones beginning at the DNS root zone. Domain name syntax A domain name consists of one or more parts, technically called labels, that are conventionally concatenated, and delimited by dots, such as The right-most label conveys the top-level domain; for example, the domain name belongs to the top-level domain com. The hierarchy of domains descends from the right to the left label in the name; each label to the left specifies a subdivision, or subdomain of the domain to the right. For example: the label example specifies a node as a subdomain of the com domain, and www is a label to create, a subdomain of Each label may contain from 1 to 63 octets. The empty label is reserved for the root node and when fully qualified is expressed as the empty label terminated by a dot. The full domain name may not exceed a total length of 253 ASCII characters in its textual representation.[5] Thus, when using a single character per label, the limit is 127 levels: 127 characters plus 126 dots have a total length of 253. In practice, some domain registries may have shorter limits. A hostname is a domain name that has at least one associated IP address. For example, the domain names and are also hostnames, whereas the com domain is not. However, other top-level domains, particularly country code top-level domains, may indeed have an IP address, and if so, they are also hostnames. Hostnames impose restrictions on the characters allowed in the corresponding domain name. A valid hostname is also a valid domain name, but a valid domain name may not necessarily be valid as a hostname. Top-level domains The top-level domains (TLDs) such as com, net and org are the highest level of domain names of the Internet. Top-level domains form the DNS root zone of the hierarchical Domain Name System. Every domain name ends with a top-level domain label. When the Domain Name System was devised in the 1980s, the domain name space was divided into two main groups of domains.[6] The country code top-level domains (ccTLD) were primarily based on the two-character territory codes of ISO-3166 country abbreviations. In addition, a group of seven generic top-level domains (gTLD) was implemented which represented a set of categories of names and multi-organizations.[7] These were the domains gov, edu, com, mil, org, net, and int. During the growth of the Internet, it became desirable to create additional generic top-level domains. As of October 2009, 21 generic top-level domains and 250 two-letter country-code top-level domains existed.[8] In addition, the ARPA domain serves technical purposes in the infrastructure of the Domain Name System. During the 32nd International Public ICANN Meeting in Paris in 2008,[9] ICANN started a new process of TLD naming policy to take a "significant step forward on the introduction of new generic top-level domains." This program envisions the availability of many new or already proposed domains, as well as a new application and implementation process.[10] Observers believed that the new rules could result in hundreds of new top-level domains to be registered.[11] In 2012, the program commenced, and received 1930 applications.[12] By 2016, the milestone of 1000 live gTLD was reached. The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) maintains an annotated list of top-level domains in the DNS root zone database.[13] For special purposes, such as network testing, documentation, and other applications, IANA also reserves a set of special-use domain names.[14] This list contains domain names such as example, local, localhost, and test. Other top-level domain names containing trade marks are registered for corporate use. Cases include brands such as BMW, Google, and Canon.[15] Second-level and lower level domains Below the top-level domains in the domain name hierarchy are the second-level domain (SLD) names. These are the names directly to the left of .com, .net, and the other top-level domains. As an example, in the domain, co is the second-level domain. Next are third-level domains, which are written immediately to the left of a second-level domain. There can be fourth- and fifth-level domains, and so on, with virtually no limitation. An example of an operational domain name with four levels of domain labels is Each label is separated by a full stop (dot). 'sos' is said to be a sub-domain of '', and 'state' a sub-domain of '', etc. In general, subdomains are domains subordinate to their parent domain. An example of very deep levels of subdomain ordering are the IPv6 reverse resolution DNS zones, e.g.,, which is the reverse DNS resolution domain name for the IP address of a loopback interface, or the localhost name. Second-level (or lower-level, depending on the established parent hierarchy) domain names are often created based on the name of a company (e.g.,, product or service (e.g. Below these levels, the next domain name component has been used to designate a particular host server. Therefore, might be an FTP server, would be a World Wide Web server, and could be an email server, each intended to perform only the implied function. Modern technology allows multiple physical servers with either different (cf. load balancing) or even identical addresses (cf. anycast) to serve a single hostname or domain name, or multiple domain names to be served by a single computer. The latter is very popular in Web hosting service centers, where service providers host the websites of many organizations on just a few servers. The hierarchical DNS labels or components of domain names are separated in a fully qualified name by the full stop (dot, .). Internationalized domain names Main article: Internationalized domain name The character set allowed in the Domain Name System is based on ASCII and does not allow the representation of names and words of many languages in their native scripts or alphabets. ICANN approved the Internationalized domain name (IDNA) system, which maps Unicode strings used in application user interfaces into the valid DNS character set by an encoding called Punycode. For example, kø is mapped to Many registries have adopted IDNA.

Domain name registration History The first commercial Internet domain name, in the TLD com, was registered on 15 March 1985 in the name by Symbolics Inc., a computer systems firm in Cambridge, Massachusetts. By 1992, fewer than 15,000 com domains had been registered. In the first quarter of 2015, 294 million domain names had been registered.[16] A large fraction of them are in the com TLD, which as of December 21, 2014, had 115.6 million domain names,[17] including 11.9 million online business and e-commerce sites, 4.3 million entertainment sites, 3.1 million finance related sites, and 1.8 million sports sites.[18] As of July 2012 the com TLD had more registrations than all of the ccTLDs combined.[19] Administration The right to use a domain name is delegated by domain name registrars, which are accredited by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), the organization charged with overseeing the name and number systems of the Internet. In addition to ICANN, each top-level domain (TLD) is maintained and serviced technically by an administrative organization operating a registry. A registry is responsible for maintaining the database of names registered within the TLD it administers. The registry receives registration information from each domain name registrar authorized to assign names in the corresponding TLD and publishes the information using a special service, the WHOIS protocol. Registries and registrars usually charge an annual fee for the service of delegating a domain name to a user and providing a default set of name servers. Often, this transaction is termed a sale or lease of the domain name, and the registrant may sometimes be called an "owner", but no such legal relationship is actually associated with the transaction, only the exclusive right to use the domain name. More correctly, authorized users are known as "registrants" or as "domain holders". ICANN publishes the complete list of TLD registries and domain name registrars. Registrant information associated with domain names is maintained in an online database accessible with the WHOIS protocol. For most of the 250 country code top-level domains (ccTLDs), the domain registries maintain the WHOIS (Registrant, name servers, expiration dates, etc.) information. Some domain name registries, often called network information centers (NIC), also function as registrars to end-users. The major generic top-level domain registries, such as for the com, net, org, info domains and others, use a registry-registrar model consisting of hundreds of domain name registrars (see lists at ICANN[20] or VeriSign).[21] In this method of management, the registry only manages the domain name database and the relationship with the registrars. The registrants (users of a domain name) are customers of the registrar, in some cases through additional layers of resellers. Technical requirements and process In the process of registering a domain name and maintaining authority over the new name space created, registrars use several key pieces of information connected with a domain: Administrative contact. A registrant usually designates an administrative contact to manage the domain name. The administrative contact usually has the highest level of control over a domain. Management functions delegated to the administrative contacts may include management of all business information, such as name of record, postal address, and contact information of the official registrant of the domain and the obligation to conform to the requirements of the domain registry in order to retain the right to use a domain name. Furthermore, the administrative contact installs additional contact information for technical and billing functions. Technical contact. The technical contact manages the name servers of a domain name. The functions of a technical contact include assuring conformance of the configurations of the domain name with the requirements of the domain registry, maintaining the domain zone records, and providing continuous functionality of the name servers (that leads to the accessibility of the domain name). Billing contact. The party responsible for receiving billing invoices from the domain name registrar and paying applicable fees. Name servers. Most registrars provide two or more name servers as part of the registration service. However, a registrant may specify its own authoritative name servers to host a domain's resource records. The registrar's policies govern the number of servers and the type of server information required. Some providers require a hostname and the corresponding IP address or just the hostname, which must be resolvable either in the new domain, or exist elsewhere. Based on traditional requirements (RFC 1034), typically a minimum of two servers is required. Domain names may be formed from the set of alphanumeric ASCII characters (a-z, A-Z, 0-9), but characters are case-insensitive. In addition the hyphen (U+002D) is permitted if it is surrounded by characters, digits or hyphens, although it is not to start or end a label. Labels are always separated by the full stop (period) character in the textual name representation. Business models Domain names are often seen in analogy to real estate in that domain names are foundations on which a website can be built, and the highest quality domain names, like sought-after real estate, tend to carry significant value, usually due to their online brand-building potential, use in advertising, search engine optimization, and many other criteria. A few companies have offered low-cost, below-cost or even free domain registration with a variety of models adopted to recoup the costs to the provider. These usually require that domains be hosted on their website within a framework or portal that includes advertising wrapped around the domain holder's content, revenue from which allows the provider to recoup the costs. Domain registrations were free of charge when the DNS was new. A domain holder may provide infinite number of subdomains in their domain. For example, the owner of could provide subdomains such as and to interested parties. Many desirable domain names are already assigned and users must search for other acceptable names, using Web-based search features, or WHOIS and dig operating system tools. Many registrars have implemented domain name suggestion tools which search domain name databases and suggest available alternative domain names related to keywords provided by the user.

Resale of domain names Main article: List of most expensive domain names The business of resale of registered domain names is known as the domain aftermarket. Various factors influence the perceived value or market value of a domain name. Most of the high-prize domain sales are carried out privately.

Domain name confusion Intercapping is often used to emphasize the meaning of a domain name. However, DNS names are not case-sensitive, and some names may be misinterpreted in certain uses of capitalization. For example: Who Represents, a database of artists and agents, chose,[citation needed] which can be misread as whore presents. Similarly, a therapists' network is named In such situations, the proper meaning may be clarified by use of hyphens in the domain name. For instance, Experts Exchange, a programmers' discussion site, for a long time used, but ultimately changed the name to[citation needed]

Use in web site hosting The domain name is a component of a uniform resource locator (URL) used to access web sites, for example: URL: Top-level domain: net Second-level domain: example Host name: www A domain name may point to multiple IP addresses to provide server redundancy for the services offered, a feature that is used to manage the traffic of large, popular web sites. Web hosting services, on the other hand, run servers that are typically assigned only one or a few addresses while serving websites for many domains, a technique referred to as virtual web hosting. Such IP address overloading requires that each request identifies the domain name being referenced, for instance by using the HTTP request header field Host:, or Server Name Indication.

Abuse and regulation Critics often claim abuse of administrative power over domain names. Particularly noteworthy was the VeriSign Site Finder system which redirected all unregistered .com and .net domains to a VeriSign webpage. For example, at a public meeting with VeriSign to air technical concerns about SiteFinder,[22] numerous people, active in the IETF and other technical bodies, explained how they were surprised by VeriSign's changing the fundamental behavior of a major component of Internet infrastructure, not having obtained the customary consensus. SiteFinder, at first, assumed every Internet query was for a website, and it monetized queries for incorrect domain names, taking the user to VeriSign's search site. Unfortunately, other applications, such as many implementations of email, treat a lack of response to a domain name query as an indication that the domain does not exist, and that the message can be treated as undeliverable. The original VeriSign implementation broke this assumption for mail, because it would always resolve an erroneous domain name to that of SiteFinder. While VeriSign later changed SiteFinder's behaviour with regard to email, there was still widespread protest about VeriSign's action being more in its financial interest than in the interest of the Internet infrastructure component for which VeriSign was the steward. Despite widespread criticism, VeriSign only reluctantly removed it after the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) threatened to revoke its contract to administer the root name servers. ICANN published the extensive set of letters exchanged, committee reports, and ICANN decisions.[23] There is also significant disquiet regarding the United States' political influence over ICANN. This was a significant issue in the attempt to create a .xxx top-level domain and sparked greater interest in alternative DNS roots that would be beyond the control of any single country.[24] Additionally, there are numerous accusations of domain name front running, whereby registrars, when given whois queries, automatically register the domain name for themselves. Network Solutions has been accused of this.[25] Truth in Domain Names Act In the United States, the Truth in Domain Names Act of 2003, in combination with the PROTECT Act of 2003, forbids the use of a misleading domain name with the intention of attracting Internet users into visiting Internet pornography sites. The Truth in Domain Names Act follows the more general Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act passed in 1999 aimed at preventing typosquatting and deceptive use of names and trademarks in domain names. Seizures Seizure notices In the early 21st century, the US Department of Justice (DOJ) pursued the seizure of domain names, based on the legal theory that domain names constitute property used to engage in criminal activity, and thus are subject to forfeiture. For example, in the seizure of the domain name of a gambling website, the DOJ referenced 18 U.S.C. § 981 and 18 U.S.C. § 1955(d).[26][1] In 2013 the US government seized Liberty Reserve, citing 18 U.S.C. § 982(a)(1).[27] The U.S. Congress passed the Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act in 2010. Consumer Electronics Association vice president Michael Petricone was worried that seizure was a blunt instrument that could harm legitimate businesses.[28][29] After a joint operation in February 15, 2011, the DOJ and the Department of Homeland Security claimed to have seized ten domains of websites involved in advertising and distributing child pornography, but also mistakenly seized the domain name of a large DNS provider, temporarily replacing 84,000 websites with seizure notices.[30] In the United Kingdom, the Police Intellectual Property Crime Unit has been attempting to seize domain names from registrars without court orders.[31] Suspensions PIPCU and other UK law enforcement organisations make domain suspension requests to Nominet which they process on the basis of breach of terms and conditions. Around 16,000 domains are suspended annually, and about 80% of the requests originate from PIPCU.[32]

Fictitious domain name A fictitious domain name is a domain name used in a work of fiction or popular culture to refer to a domain that does not actually exist, often with invalid or unofficial top-level domains such as ".web", a usage exactly analogous to the dummy 555 telephone number prefix used in film and other media. The canonical fictitious domain name is "", specifically set aside by IANA in RFC 2606 for such use, along with the .example TLD. Domain names used in works of fiction have often been registered in the DNS, either by their creators or by cybersquatters attempting to profit from it. This phenomenon prompted NBC to purchase the domain name after talk-show host Conan O'Brien spoke the name while ad-libbing on his show. O'Brien subsequently created a website based on the concept and used it as a running gag on the show.[33]

See also Domain hack Domain hijacking Domain name warehousing Domain registration Domain tasting Domain transfer Domaining Geodomain List of Internet top-level domains Reverse domain name hijacking Reverse domain name notation

References ^ ANI (2017-07-27). "Internet grows, 330.6 mil domain name registrations in Q1: VeriSign". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2017-07-28.  ^ "RFC 4034 - Resource Records for the DNS Security Extensions".  ^ RFC 3467, Role of the Domain Name System (DNS), J.C. Klensin, J. Klensin (February 2003) ^ Cricket Liu, Paul Albitz (2006). DNS and BIND (5th ed.). O'Reilly. p. 3.  ^ RFC 1035, Domain names--Implementation and specification, P. Mockapetris (Nov 1987) ^ "Introduction to Top-Level Domains (gTLDs)". Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.  ^ RFC 920, Domain Requirements, J. Postel, J. Reynolds, The Internet Society (October 1984) ^ "New gTLD Program", ICANN, October 2009 ^ "32nd International Public ICANN Meeting". ICANN. 2008-06-22.  ^ "New gTLS Program". ICANN. Retrieved 2009-06-15.  ^ ICANN Board Approves Sweeping Overhaul of Top-level Domains, CircleID, 26 June 2008. ^ "About the Program - ICANN New gTLDs".  ^ "IANA — Root Zone Database".  ^ Cheshire, S., Krochmal M. "RFC6761 - Special-Use Domain Names". Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Retrieved 3 May 2015.  ^ "Executive Summary - dot brand observatory".  ^ Internet Grows to 294 Million Domain Names in the First Quarter of 2015, Jun 30, 2015. ^ "Thirty years of .COM domains - and the numbers are up". Geekzone. Mar 13, 2015. Retrieved Mar 25, 2016.  ^ Evangelista, Benny. 2010. "25 years of .com names." San Francisco Chronicle. March 15, p. 1 ^ "Domain domination: The com TLD larger than all ccTLDs combined". Retrieved 2012-07-25.  ^ "ICANN - ICANN-Accredited Registrars".  ^ "Choose A Top Domain Registrar Of Your Choice Using Our Search Tool - Verisign".  ^ McCullagh, Declan (2003-10-03). "VeriSign fends off critics at ICANN confab". CNET Retrieved 2007-09-22.  ^ Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). "Verisign's Wildcard Service Deployment". Retrieved 2007-09-22.  ^ Mueller, M (March 2004). Ruling the Root. MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-63298-5.  ^, NSI Registers Every Domain Checked ^ FBI / DOJ (15 April 2011). "Warning". Archived from the original on 2011-04-14. Retrieved 2011-04-15.  ^ Dia, Miaz (4 February 2010). "website laten maken". Kmowebdiensten. Retrieved 8 December 2016.  ^ Declan McCullagh (18 November 2010). "Senate panel approves domain name seizure bill". CNET. Retrieved 2011-04-15.  ^ Sarah Jerome (6 April 2011). "Tech industry wary of domain name seizures". Retrieved 2011-04-15.  ^ "U.S. Government Shuts Down 84,000 Websites, 'By Mistake'".  ^ Jeftovic, Mark. "Whatever Happened to "Due Process" ?". Retrieved 27 November 2014.  ^ Tackling online criminal activity, 1 November 2016 – 31 October 2017, Nominet ^ "So This Manatee Walks Into the Internet", New York Times, December 12, 2006. Accessed April 12, 2008.

External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Domain name system. (domain bias in web search) a research by microsoft Domain Names at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Icann New gTLD Program Factsheet - October 2009 (PDF) IANA Two letter Country Code TLD ICANN - Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, public information regarding Internet domain name registration services Internet Domain Names: Background and Policy Issues Congressional Research Service RFC 1034, Domain Names — Concepts and Facilities, an Internet Protocol Standard RFC 1035, Domain Names — Implementation and Specification, an Internet Protocol Standard UDRP, Uniform Domain-Name Dispute-Resolution Policy Special use domain names v t e Website management Concepts Overselling Web document Web content Web content lifecycle Web hosting service Web server Webmaster Website governance Web hosting control panels (comparison) AlternC cPanel DirectAdmin Domain Technologie Control GNUPanel H-Sphere i-MSCP InterWorx ISPConfig Kloxo Plesk Usermin Webmin Top-level domain registries Afilias CentralNic CIRA Donuts Neustar OVH Public Interest Registry Uniregistry Verisign Domain name managers and registrars AusRegistry CZ.NIC CNNIC DENIC DNS Belgium Domainz Dynadot Enom Gandi GoDaddy Hover Infomaniak Japan Registry Services Jimdo Melbourne IT Museum Domain Management Association Namecheap Network Solutions Net4 NIC México Tucows Uniregistry UK2 Web content management system Document management system Wiki software Blog software Authority control GND: 4637477-2 NDL: 01140671 Retrieved from "" Categories: Domain name systemDomain namesIdentifiersHidden categories: Pages using RFC magic linksWikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pagesAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from January 2015Articles with unsourced statements from February 2015Pages using div col with deprecated parametersArticles with Curlie linksWikipedia articles with GND identifiers

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This Article Is Semi-protected.Domain (disambiguation)EnlargeString (computer Science)InternetDomain Name SystemInternet ProtocolWeb SiteDNS RootTop-level DomainGeneric Top-level Code Top-level DomainDomain Name RegistrarFully Qualified Domain NameCase-insensitiveUniform Resource LocatorWeb SiteSession Initiation ProtocolDomain KeysE-mailUniform Resource IdentifierIP AddressIntranetWikipedia:Citation NeededTrademark LawARPANETSRI InternationalInternet Engineering Task ForceInternet Corporation For Assigned Names And NumbersDomain Name RegistrarEnlargeTree Data StructureDNS Root ZoneExample.comTop-level DomainSubdomainOctet (computing)Full StopDomain Name RegistryHostnameTop-level DomainDNS Root ZoneDomain Name SystemCountry Code Top-level DomainISO 3166-1 Alpha-2Generic Top-level Assigned Numbers AuthorityDNS Root Zone.example.localLocalhost.testSecond-level DomainFull StopSubdomainIPv6DNS ZoneLoopbackLocalhostWorld Wide WebLoad Balancing (computing)AnycastWeb Hosting ServiceDNS LabelFull StopInternationalized Domain NameASCIIICANNInternationalized Domain NameUnicodePunycodeDomain Name RegistrySymbolics.comDomain Name RegistrarInternet Corporation For Assigned Names And NumbersWHOISICANNCountry Code Top-level DomainDomain Name RegistrarAuthoritative Name ServerFull StopReal EstateSearch Engine OptimizationSubdomainWHOISDomain Information GroperList Of Most Expensive Domain NamesDomain AftermarketIntercapWikipedia:Citation NeededExperts-exchangeWikipedia:Citation NeededUniform Resource LocatorWeb SiteIP AddressesWeb Hosting ServicesVirtual Web HostingHTTP Request Header FieldServer Name IndicationVeriSignSite FinderInternet Engineering Task ForceInternet Corporation For Assigned Names And Numbers.xxxTop-level DomainAlternative DNS RootDomain Name Front RunningTruth In Domain Names ActPROTECT Act Of 2003Internet PornographyAnticybersquatting Consumer Protection ActTyposquattingCereus Poker NetworkLiberty ReserveSearch And SeizureForfeiture (law)Title 18 Of The United States CodeTitle 18 Of The United States CodeLiberty ReserveTitle 18 Of The United States CodeCombating Online Infringement And Counterfeits ActUnited KingdomPolice Intellectual Property Crime UnitNominetTop-level Domain.web555 (telephone Number)Example.comCybersquattingNBCHornymanatee.comConan O'BrienLate Night With Conan O'BrienRunning GagDomain HackDomain HijackingDomain Name WarehousingDomain RegistrationDomain TastingDomain TransferDomainingGeodomainList Of Internet Top-level DomainsReverse Domain Name HijackingReverse Domain Name NotationO'Reilly MediaDeclan McCullaghICANNMIT PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-262-63298-5New York TimesDMOZCongressional Research ServiceTemplate:WebManToolsTemplate Talk:WebManToolsOversellingWeb DocumentWeb ContentWeb Content LifecycleWeb Hosting ServiceWeb ServerWebmasterWebsite GovernanceWeb Hosting Control PanelComparison Of Web Hosting Control PanelsAlternCCPanelDirectAdminDomain Technologie ControlGNUPanelH-SphereI-MSCPInterWorxISPConfigKloxoPleskUserminWebminTop-level DomainAfiliasCentralNicCanadian Internet Registration AuthorityDonuts (company)NeustarOVHPublic Interest RegistryUniregistryVerisignDomain Name RegistrarAusRegistryCZ.NICChina Internet Network Information CenterDENICDNPric.esDNS BelgiumDomainzDynadotEnomGandiGoDaddyHover (domain Registrar)InfomaniakJapan Registry ServicesJimdoMelbourne ITMuseum Domain Management AssociationName.comNamecheapNetwork SolutionsNet4NIC MéxicoRegister.comTucowsUniregistryUK2 GroupWeb.comWix.comWeb Content Management SystemDocument Management SystemWiki SoftwareBlog SoftwareHelp:Authority ControlIntegrated Authority FileNational Diet LibraryHelp:CategoryCategory:Domain Name SystemCategory:Domain NamesCategory:IdentifiersCategory:Pages Using RFC Magic LinksCategory:Wikipedia Indefinitely Semi-protected PagesCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From January 2015Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From February 2015Category:Pages Using Div Col With Deprecated ParametersCategory:Articles With Curlie LinksCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]This Page Is Protected. You Can View Its Source [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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