Contents 1 General 2 Present purpose 3 List 4 Former districts of Portugal 4.1 Azores 4.2 Madeira 4.3 Mainland Portugal 5 Districts of the Portuguese Overseas 5.1 Angola 5.2 Mozambique 5.3 Portuguese India 6 See also 7 References


General[edit] The Portuguese Constitution of 1976 specifies that Portugal has only, as first level divisions, the autonomous regions (Azores and Madeira) and the administrative regions (to be created in mainland Portugal). According to the Constitution, the districts shall be disestablished in the territories where an autonomous or administrative region has been created. So, the districts were abolished in Azores and Madeira when these autonomous regions were created, in 1976. In 1998, a proposal was submitted to referendum to create eight administrative regions in mainland Portugal, and, therefore, to extinguish the districts. This proposal was rejected in the ballot and so the districts continued to exist in mainland Portugal. It is worth noting that, despite their abolition in the autonomous regions, the areas of the three former districts of Azores are still used as areas of jurisdiction of some Government and non-government entities, like the district finance directorates (Tax Authority regional offices) or the district football championships. However, the importance of the districts has been decreasing. In recent years, some administrative, financial and political competencies have been delivered to the CCDR's (Comissão de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Regional, English:Commission for Regional Coordination and Development) and to the municipalities, to the detriment of the districts. In 2003, the Portuguese municipalities were allowed to organize themselves into intermunicipal communities (comunidades intermunicipais) and metropolitan areas (áreas metropolitanas), which allowed for a lessening in the importance of the districts. Besides, the abolition of the districts is a subject that came back for discussion in Portuguese society. In 2009, during the campaign for the legislative election of 2009, the leader of the Socialist Party, José Sócrates, promised a new referendum to the administrative regions[1][2] and therefore, the abolition of districts, if he won the election. Other personalities support the creation of administrative regions and therefore the abolition of districts. Nowadays, despite being in the process of being phased out due to the decentralisation policies of the government, the districts still remain the most relevant subdivision in the country, serving as a basis for a series of administrative divisions such as electoral constituencies, police and civil protection regional commands, sports district associations and championships. In September 8, 2011, a decree from the Portuguese Government de facto extinguished all the offices of civil governor, transferring most of their functions to other bodies. As the existence of the civil governors is still included in the Portuguese Constitution, its de jure extinction can only be done after a constitutional amendment.


Present purpose[edit] In mainland Portugal, for administrative purposes, the districts are still used as the areas of jurisdiction of the local branches and field offices of several Government ministries and agencies. Some of the bodies that have each district as their jurisdiction area are: District and metropolitan commands of the Public Security Police; Territorial commands of the Portuguese National Republican Guard; District rescue operations commands of the National Civil Protection Authority; Finance directorates of the Ministry of Finance / Tax and Customs Authority (in this case, including the former districts of Azores, that are still used as the jurisdiction areas for the three finance directorates existing in this autonomous region); District Social Security centers of the Portuguese Social Security; District motor vehicle delegations of the Mobility and Land Transports Institute; District archives of the Directorate-General of Archives; Regional delegations of the Estradas de Portugal (Road Agency). Furthermore: The area of each of the 18 electoral constituencies (círculo eleitoral, electoral circle) of mainland Portugal coincides with the area of each district; In the planned new judicial division of Portugal, the area of each of the comarcas (first instance judicial districts) of mainland Portugal coincides with the area of an administrative district (with the exception of the comarcas of Greater Lisbon and Greater Oporto). For non-Government purposes, the districts are used as the area of jurisdiction of many entities, including: The regional organizations of the major political parties, The regional organizations of most of the Portuguese sports federations (football, athletics, roller skating, etc.) and its district championships (including the three former districts of Azores); Regional federations of trade unions.


List[edit] District Municipalities Parishes Province of 1936 Region Aveiro 19 147 Beira Litoral Province + Douro Litoral Province Norte, Centro Beja 14 75 Baixo Alentejo Alentejo Braga 14 347 Minho Norte Bragança 12 226 Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Province Norte Castelo Branco 11 120 Beira Baixa Province Centro Coimbra 17 155 Beira Baixa Province, Beira Litoral Centro Évora 14 69 Alto Alentejo Alentejo Faro 16 67 Algarve Province Algarve Guarda 14 242 Beira Alta Province (partly Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro) Centro (partly Norte, only Vila Nova de Foz Côa) Leiria 16 110 Beira Litoral Province, Estremadura Centro Lisbon 16 134 Estremadura (partly Ribatejo) Lisbon (partly Alentejo) Portalegre 15 69 Alto Alentejo Province (partly Ribatejo) Alentejo Porto 18 243 Douro Litoral Province Norte Santarém 21 141 Ribatejo Province (partly Beira Baixa and Beira Litoral) Centro, Alentejo Setúbal 13 55 Estremadura Province, Baixo Alentejo Province Lisbon, Alentejo Viana do Castelo 10 208 Minho Norte Vila Real 14 197 Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Norte Viseu 24 277 Beira Alta, (partly Douro Litoral) Centro, Norte


Former districts of Portugal[edit] Azores[edit] Angra do Heroísmo District - 1835 to 1976 Horta District - 1835 to 1976 Ponta Delgada District - 1835 to 1976 Madeira[edit] Funchal District (pt) -1835 to 1976 Mainland Portugal[edit] Lamego District - in 1835 and 1919


Districts of the Portuguese Overseas[edit] Following the model of European Portugal, the major Portuguese overseas territories (Angola, Mozambique and Portuguese India) were also divided in districts. In these territories, each district was headed by a district governor, subordinated to the governor-general. In Angola and Mozambique, the former district areas mostly coincide with the modern province areas. In the former Portuguese India, the Damão and Diu districts are still divisions of the present union territory of Daman and Diu, while the present state of Goa (former Goa District) is now divided into two districts. Angola[edit] Bengo Benguela District Bié Cabinda Cuando-Cubango District Cuanza Norte District Cuanza Sul District Cunene Huambo District Huíla Luanda District Lunda Norte District Lunda Sul District Malanje District Moxico Moçâmedes District Uíge District Zaire District Mozambique[edit] Niassa District Cabo Delgado District Nampula District Zambézia District Tete District Manica District Sofala District Gaza District Inhambane District Lourenço Marques District Portuguese India[edit] Goa District Damão District Diu District


See also[edit] Subdivisions of Portugal Ranked list of Portuguese districts


References[edit] Notes ^ http://diario.iol.pt/politica/socrates-casamento-homossexual-regionalizacao-ps-homossexuais-legislativas/1033721-4072.htmldistrict[permanent dead link] ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-15. Retrieved 2010-06-24.  Sources Gwillim Law (1999). "Portugal". Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. US: McFarland & Company. pp. 296+. ISBN 0786407298.  Portugal (2005). "Constituição da República Portuguesa: VII Revisão Constitucionl" (in Portuguese). Lisbon, Portugal: Assembleia da Repúblic.  v t e Districts and autonomous regions of Portugal Districts Aveiro Beja Braga Bragança Castelo Branco Coimbra Évora Faro Guarda Leiria Lisboa Portalegre Porto Santarém Setúbal Viana do Castelo Vila Real Viseu Autonomous regions Azores Madeira Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Districts_of_Portugal&oldid=825612795" Categories: Districts of PortugalSubdivisions of PortugalLists of subdivisions of PortugalCountry subdivisions in EuropeFirst-level administrative country subdivisionsHidden categories: All articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from December 2016Articles with permanently dead external linksArticles containing Portuguese-language textInterlanguage link template link numberCS1 Portuguese-language sources (pt)


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ProvinceDouro Litoral ProvinceNorte Region, PortugalCentro Region, PortugalBeja DistrictBeja DistrictBaixo Alentejo ProvinceAlentejoBraga DistrictBraga DistrictMinho ProvinceNorte Region, PortugalBragança DistrictBragança DistrictTrás-os-Montes E Alto Douro ProvinceNorte Region, PortugalCastelo Branco DistrictCastelo Branco DistrictBeira Baixa ProvinceCoimbra DistrictCoimbra DistrictBeira Baixa ProvinceBeira Litoral ProvinceÉvora DistrictÉvora DistrictAlto Alentejo ProvinceFaro DistrictFaro DistrictAlgarve ProvinceAlgarveGuarda DistrictGuarda DistrictBeira Alta ProvinceLeiria DistrictLeiria DistrictBeira Litoral ProvinceEstremadura Province (1936-1976)Lisbon DistrictLisbon DistrictLisboa RegionPortalegre DistrictPortalegre DistrictAlto Alentejo ProvincePorto DistrictPorto DistrictDouro Litoral ProvinceNorte Region, PortugalSantarém DistrictSantarém DistrictRibatejo ProvinceSetúbal DistrictSetúbal DistrictEstremadura Province (1936-1976)Baixo Alentejo ProvinceViana Do Castelo 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