Contents 1 Overview 1.1 Composition 2 Labor agreements 3 DGA Awards 4 Credits 5 Non-member directors 6 Leadership 7 See also 8 References 9 External links


Overview[edit] Total membership (US records)[7] Finances (US records; ×$1000)[7]      Assets      Liabilities      Receipts      Disbursements As a union that seeks to organize an individual profession, rather than multiple professions across an industry, the DGA is a craft union. It represents directors and members of the directorial team (assistant directors, unit production managers, stage managers, associate directors, production associates, and location managers (in New York and Chicago[citation needed])) that representation includes all sorts of media, such as film, television, documentaries, news, sports, commercials and new media.[citation needed] The Guild has various training programs whereby successful applicants are placed in various productions and can gain experience working in the film or television industry. As of 2017[update], the guild had more than 16,000 members.[1] The DGA headquarters are located on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, with satellite offices in New York and Chicago and coordinating committees in San Francisco, Chicago and London. Composition[edit] According to DGA's Department of Labor records, the guild's reported membership classifications currently account for 1,532 "retirees" (about 10% of total membership), 323 "suspended" members (2%), and 5 "life" members (<1%), compared to 13,577 "active" members. "Suspended" members pay dues but are ineligible to vote in the union. DGA contracts also cover some non-members, known as agency fee payers. These non-members currently number 172, or comparatively about 1% of the size of the union's membership.[8]


Labor agreements[edit] The agreements signed between the Guild and film and television production companies make various stipulations covering pay and working conditions for Guild members, and require that all those employed in the relevant fields on a film made by that company are Guild members. Guild members are generally prevented from working for companies that have not signed an agreement with the DGA. This sometimes leads production companies which have no such agreement to form new companies, purely for the purpose of making a particular film, which do then sign an agreement with the DGA.[citation needed] The Guild enters into negotiations with the AMPTP, the organization that represents the studios, networks and production companies, approximately every three years to update and renew the Basic Agreement[9] and the Freelance Live and Tape Television Agreement,[10] the DGA's two major agreements. The DGA negotiates minimum compensation levels that must be paid by the companies. Many DGA members have agents who may negotiate rates above the minimums for their clients. The DGA agreements also secure residual payments for the reuse of members’ work in film, television and new media. Other than wages and basic working conditions, the DGA has a particular role in protecting the creative rights of film and TV directors. Such protections that the guild provides include defining the director's role, ensuring, with examples, the principle of "one director to a picture" and the right to prepare a director's cut or edit.[citation needed] Generally, each of these protections is to help offset the power that producers can have over a director during the film-making process.


DGA Awards[edit] Main article: Directors Guild of America Award The DGA hosts the annual DGA Awards, an important precursor to the Academy Awards.[11] In its 69-year history, the DGA Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Feature Film has been a near perfect barometer for the Best Director Academy Award. Only seven times since the DGA Award's inception has the DGA Award winner not won the corresponding Academy Award.[12] Honorees are awarded with a statue, manufactured by New York firm, Society Awards.


Credits[edit] The rule that a film can only have one single director was adopted to preserve the continuity of a director's vision and to avoid producers and actors lobbying for a director's credit, or studios hiring multiple directors for a single film or television episode. The rule is waived only for directorial teams recognized by the DGA who have a history of working together and sharing a common vision. Examples include The Wachowskis, Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris, Hughes brothers, Russo Brothers, Phil Lord and Christopher Miller and the Coen brothers.[13] The Coens for years divided credit, with Ethan taking producing credit, Joel taking directing credit, and both of them sharing the writing credit (even though the two of them shared all three duties between themselves) until The Ladykillers in 2004. An example of the DGA refusing to recognize a directorial team was Robert Rodriguez and Frank Miller for Sin City; they were rejected because they had never worked together before; Rodriguez quit the DGA so that Miller would share director's credit.[13] In the past, the DGA has also engaged in disputes with the Writers Guild of America (WGA) over possessory credits, first used in the 1915 film The Birth of a Nation. The WGA tried to limit possessory credits to writers, but has always been successfully opposed by the DGA, leaving directors free to try to negotiate such credits if they wish.[14]


Non-member directors[edit] Not all Hollywood directors are DGA members. Notable exceptions include George Lucas and Robert Rodriguez.[13] Quentin Tarantino directed six feature films before becoming a DGA member, in 2012.[15] Those who are not members of the guild are unable to direct for the larger movie studios, which are signatories to the guild's agreements that all directors must be guild members.[13]


Leadership[edit] Directors Guild of America building on Sunset Boulevard. Thomas Schlamme has been president of the DGA since 2017 [16]. The following are the past Presidents of the Screen Directors Guild and the DGA:[citation needed] 1936–1938 King Vidor 1938–1941 Frank Capra 1941–1943 George Stevens 1943–1944 Mark Sandrich 1944–1946 John Cromwell 1946-1948 George Stevens 1948–1950 George Marshall 1950–1951 Joseph L. Mankiewicz 1951–1959 George Sidney 1959–1961 Frank Capra 1961–1967 George Sidney 1967–1971 Delbert Mann 1971–1975 Robert Wise 1975–1979 Robert Aldrich 1979–1981 George Schaefer 1981–1983 Jud Taylor 1983–1987 Gilbert Cates 1987–1989 Franklin J. Schaffner 1989–1993 Arthur Hiller 1993–1997 Gene Reynolds 1997–2002 Jack Shea 2002–2003 Martha Coolidge – The DGA's first female president. 2003–2009 Michael Apted 2009–2013 Taylor Hackford 2013–2017 Paris Barclay – The DGA's first black and first openly gay president.[17] 2017-present Thomas Schlamme - [18]


See also[edit] Organized labour portal Alan Smithee Runaway production Stage Directors and Choreographers Society


References[edit] ^ a b "Directors Guild of America". About.  ^ "Thomas Schlamme Elected DGA President: National Board and Officers Chosen". Directors Guild of America. 2017-06-24. Retrieved 2017-07-05.  ^ McNary, Dave (January 30, 2012). "Apted takes DGA post after interim stint". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved May 5, 2016.  ^ "Russell Hollander Succeeds Jay D. Roth as DGA National Executive Director". Directors Guild of America. Retrieved 5 July 2017.  ^ "Russ Hollander Officially Takes Over As DGA National Executive Director". Deadline. Retrieved 5 July 2017.  ^ Dawes, Amy (2011). "A More Perfect Union". DGA Quarterly. Retrieved May 5, 2016.  ^ a b US Department of Labor, Office of Labor-Management Standards. File number 000-018. (Search) ^ US Department of Labor, Office of Labor-Management Standards. File number 000-018. Report submitted March 27, 2014. ^ "DGA Basic Agreement". DGA Website. Retrieved 2017-03-10.  ^ "DGA Freelance Live and Tape Television Agreement". DGA Website. Retrieved 2017-03-10.  ^ Susan King, "Woody Allen, Martin Scorsese receive nominations for DGA Award", Los Angeles Times, January 9, 2012 ^ Scott Feinberg, "With DGA Win, 'The Artist' and Its Artist Look Virtually Unstoppable at Oscars", The Hollywood Reporter, January 29, 2012 ^ a b c d "Why Not Quit the Directors Guild? What Robert Rodriguez can and can't do". Slate. April 8, 2005. Retrieved December 9, 2011.  ^ Directors Guild of America Magazine, Possessory Credit Timeline Archived August 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., 28(6), February 2004 ^ "Membership Report - West Coast Additions" DGA Monthly Magazine, January 2012 ^ "Thomas Schlamme Elected DGA President: National Board and Officers Chosen". Directors Guild of America. Retrieved 5 July 2017.  ^ Matthew, Jacobs (June 26, 2013). "Directors Guild Of America Elects Paris Barclay First Black, Openly Gay President". Huffington Post.  ^ "Thomas Schlamme Elected Directors Guild President – Complete Election Results". Deadline. 2017-06-24. Retrieved 5 July 2017. 


External links[edit] Official website v t e Presidents of the Screen Directors Guild and the Directors Guild of America King Vidor (1936) Frank Capra (1939) George Stevens (1941) Mark Sandrich (1943) John Cromwell (1944) George Marshall (1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz (1950) George Sidney (1951) Frank Capra (1960) George Sidney (1961) Delbert Mann (1967) Robert Wise (1971) Robert Aldrich (1975) George Schaefer (1979) Jud Taylor (1981) Gilbert Cates (1983) Franklin J. Schaffner (1987) Gene Reynolds (1993) Jack Shea (1997) Martha Coolidge (2002) Michael Apted (2003) Taylor Hackford (2009) Paris Barclay (2013) Thomas Schlamme (2017) Coordinates: 34°05′51″N 118°21′45″W / 34.097613°N 118.362413°W / 34.097613; -118.362413 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Directors_Guild_of_America&oldid=817984894" Categories: Directors Guild of AmericaDirectors Guild of America AwardsEntertainment industry unionsTrade unions established in 1936Labor relations in CaliforniaHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksPages using deprecated image syntaxAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from February 2013Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017All articles containing potentially dated statementsArticles with unsourced statements from December 2011Pages using div col without cols and colwidth parametersCoordinates not on Wikidata


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Thomas SchlammeVincent MisianoMichael AptedGuildFilm DirectorTelevision DirectorMotion PictureCraft UnionismUnit Production ManagerStage ManagerProduction AssociateLocation ManagerWikipedia:Citation NeededNew MediaWikipedia:Citation NeededSunset BoulevardHollywoodAgency FeeWikipedia:Citation NeededAMPTPResidual (entertainment Industry)Director's CutWikipedia:Citation NeededDirectors Guild Of America AwardSociety AwardsThe WachowskisJonathan Dayton And Valerie FarisHughes BrothersRusso BrothersPhil Lord And Christopher MillerCoen BrothersThe Ladykillers (2004 Film)Robert RodriguezFrank Miller (comics)Sin City (film)Writers Guild Of AmericaPossessory CreditThe Birth Of A NationGeorge LucasRobert RodriguezQuentin TarantinoFeature FilmEnlargeSunset BoulevardThomas SchlammeWikipedia:Citation NeededKing VidorFrank CapraGeorge StevensMark SandrichJohn Cromwell (director)George StevensGeorge Marshall (director)Joseph L. MankiewiczGeorge SidneyFrank CapraGeorge SidneyDelbert MannRobert WiseRobert AldrichGeorge Schaefer (director)Jud TaylorGilbert CatesFranklin J. SchaffnerArthur HillerGene ReynoldsJack Shea (director)Martha CoolidgeMichael AptedTaylor HackfordParis BarclayThomas SchlammePortal:Organized LabourAlan SmitheeRunaway ProductionStage Directors And Choreographers SocietyVariety (magazine)Penske Media CorporationUS Department Of LaborOffice Of Labor-Management StandardsUS Department Of LaborOffice Of Labor-Management StandardsSlate (magazine)Wayback MachineTemplate:DGA PresidentsTemplate Talk:DGA PresidentsPresident (corporate Title)King VidorFrank CapraGeorge StevensMark SandrichJohn Cromwell (director)George Marshall (director)Joseph L. MankiewiczGeorge SidneyFrank CapraGeorge SidneyDelbert MannRobert WiseRobert AldrichGeorge Schaefer (director)Jud TaylorGilbert CatesFranklin J. SchaffnerGene ReynoldsJack Shea (director)Martha CoolidgeMichael AptedTaylor HackfordParis BarclayThomas SchlammeGeographic Coordinate SystemHelp:CategoryCategory:Directors Guild Of AmericaCategory:Directors Guild Of America AwardsCategory:Entertainment Industry UnionsCategory:Trade Unions Established In 1936Category:Labor Relations In CaliforniaCategory:Webarchive Template Wayback LinksCategory:Pages Using Deprecated Image SyntaxCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From February 2013Category:Articles Containing Potentially Dated Statements From 2017Category:All Articles Containing Potentially Dated StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From December 2011Category:Pages Using Div Col Without Cols And Colwidth ParametersCategory:Coordinates Not On WikidataDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer