Contents 1 Cleisthenes' reforms and its modifications 1.1 First period: 508 – 307/306 BC 1.2 Second period: 307/306 – 224/223 BC 1.3 Third period: 224/223 – 201/200 BC 1.4 Fourth period: 201/200 BC – 126/127 AD 1.5 Fifth period: 126/127 – third century 2 Representation in the Boule 3 Spurious and Late Roman demes 4 Homonymous and divided demes 5 List of Athenian demes according to tribes/phylai (φυλαί) 5.1 The ten Cleisthenic tribes 5.2 The Macedonian tribes 5.3 The later tribes 6 The ten tribes of Thurii 7 Later usage 8 Footnotes 9 References


Cleisthenes' reforms and its modifications[edit] First period: 508 – 307/306 BC[edit] Cleisthenes divided the landscape in three zones[4] and the 139 demes were organized into 30 groups called trittyes ("thirtieth"), ten for each of the zones and into ten tribes, or phyle, each composed of three trittyes, one from the coast, one from the city, and one from the inland area. Cleisthenes also reorganized the Boule, created with 400 members under Solon, so that it had 500 members, 50 from each tribe, each deme having a fixed quota. The ten tribes were named after legendary heroes and came to have an official order: Erechtheis (Ἐρεχθηΐς) named after Erechtheus Aigeis (Αἰγηΐς) named after Aegeus Pandionis (Πανδιονίς) named after Pandion Leontis (Λεοντίς) named after Leos, son of Orpheus Acamantis (Ἀκαμαντίς) named after Acamas Oineis (Οἰνηΐς) named after Oeneus Kekropis (Κεκροπίς) named after Cécrops Hippothontis (Ἱπποθοντίς) named after Hippothoon Aiantis (Αἰαντίς) named after Ajax Antiochis (Ἀντιοχίς) named after Antiochus, son of Heracles Second period: 307/306 – 224/223 BC[edit] In 307/306 – 224/223 BC the system was reorganized creating the two Macedonian Phylai (XI. Antigonis and XII. Demetrias), named after Demetrius I of Macedon and Antigonus I Monophthalmus, and increasing the Boule to 600 members. Each of the ten tribes, except Aiantis, provide 3 demes (not necessarily one for trittyes); the missing contribution of Aiantis is covered by two demes of Leontis and 1 from Aigeis. In connection the contribution of each village to the Boule is properly adapted. Third period: 224/223 – 201/200 BC[edit] The Egyptian Phyle XIII. Ptolemais, named after Ptolemy III Euergetes is created in 224/223 BC and the Boule increases to 600 members, the twelve tribes giving each a demos; moreover a new village is creatied and named Berenikidai, after Ptolemy's wife Berenice II of Egypt. Fourth period: 201/200 BC – 126/127 AD[edit] In 201/200 BC the Macedonian Phylae are dissolved and the villages (except the two given to Ptolemais) go back to the original tribe. Moreover, in spring 200 BC the tribe XIV. Attalis, named after Attalus I, is created following the same scheme used for the creation of the Egyptian Phyle: each tribe contributes a deme and a new deme, Apollonieis, is created in honour of Apollonis, wife of Attalus I of Pergamum. As a consequence we have again 12 tribeas and 600 members of the Boule. From this period there are no more quotas assigned to the demes for the 50 Boule members of each tribe Fifth period: 126/127 – third century[edit] The last modification is the creation in 126/127 of XV. Hadrianis, named after Hadrian following the same scheme: each tribe contributes a deme and a new deme, Antinoeis is created in honour of Hadrian's favorite, Antinous. More over each tribe contributes 40 members to the Boule.


Representation in the Boule[edit] In the first three periods there it a more detailed system of fixed quotas which essentially remained unchanged. There is no evidence for a single general reapportionment of quotas within each of the first three periods, while there are evident small quota-variations between the first and the second periods.[5] More precisely in: 307/306 BC, 24 demes increased of 1 bouleutes, 13 of 2, 5 or 3, 6 of 4 and 1 (Lower Paiania) of 11 and there is not a single example of a decreased quota.[6] 224/223 BC 4 demes increased of 1 bouleutes, 1 of 2, 2 or 3 and 2 of 4; of the 56 demes whose quota in the third period are known more than half maintain their same quota through the first three periods.[7] As regards the last two periods, the material illustrates the complete collapse of the quota-system from 201/200 BC.[8]


Spurious and Late Roman demes[edit] Some deme lists suggest to extend the 139+3 list adding 43 other names some of which have been considered by scholars as attic demes.[9] The criticism performed by John S. Traill[10] shows that 24 are the result of error, ancient[11] or modern,[12] or of misinterpretation[13] and 19[14] are well known chiefly from inscriptions of the second and third centuries after Christ, i.e. in the fifth period, and thus for political purposes they were originally dependent on legitimate cleisthenic demes.


Homonymous and divided demes[edit] There are[15] 6 pairs of homonymous demes: Halai Araphenides (VII.Kekropis) and Halai Aixonides (II.Aigeis) Oion Dekeleikon (VIII.Hippothontis; later XIII.Ptolemais, XIV.Attalis) and Oion Kerameikon (IV.Leontis; affiliated with XII.Demetrias in the Macedonanian period) Eitea: there were two demes of that name, but no modifier is known. One is associated to V.Acamantis, later XI.Antigonis and XV.Hadrianis; the other is associated to X.Antiochis Oinoe: again no modifier is known; one deme was associated to VIII.Hippothontis, later XII.Demetrias and XIII.Ptolemais; the other was associated to IX.Aiantis, later XIV.Attalis and XV.Hadrianis. Kolonai: again no modifier is known; one deme was associated to IV.Leontis; the other to X.Antiochis, later XI.Antigonis and XIII.Ptolemais. Eroiadai: again no modifier is known for these two demes associated to VIII.Hippothontis and X.Antiochis. and 6 divided demes, one composed of three parts: Agryle, Upper and Lower (I.Erechtheis); one of them, but there is no prosopographical information for identifying which, was transferred to XI.Antigonis and went back at the end of the Macedonanian period; later one of them (again it is uncertain which) was transferred to XIV.Attalis. Lamptrai, Upper and Coastal/Lower (I.Erechtheis); Upper Lamptrai was transferred to XI.Antigonis and went back at the end of the Macedonanian period. Pergase, Upper and Lower (I.Erechtheis); one of them (no prosopographical information allows to decide which) was transferred to XI.Antigonis and went back at the end of the Macedonanian period. Ankale: no special designations of either section are preserved, although they are presumed to have the regular Upper and Lower forms. One section, perhaps Upper Ankale, was transferred to XI.Antigonis and went back at the end of the Macedonanian period. Paiania, Upper and Lower (III.Pandionis); Upper Paiania, was transferred to XI.Antigonis and went back at the end of the Macedonanian period. Potamos has three sections, Upper Potamos, Lower Potamos and Potamos Deiradiotes (IV.Leontes); during the Macedonanian period, Potamos Deiradiotes belonged to XI.Antigonis and Lower Potamos to XII.Demetrias


List of Athenian demes according to tribes/phylai (φυλαί)[edit] The ten Cleisthenic tribes[edit] Erechtheïs (Ἐρεχθηΐς)[16] Deme #[17] #[18] #[19] Notes city Upper Agryle 2 3 3 One deme to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods and to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period Lower Agryle 2 Euonymon 10 12 12 Themakos 1 1 to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period coast Anagyrous 6 8 8 Kedoi 2 2 2 Upper Lamptrai 5 to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods Coastal Lamptrai 9 10 10 Pambotai 1(0) 1 2 to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period Kephisia (?) inland Kephisia 6 8 8 Upper Pergase 2 3 3 One deme to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods Lower Pergase 2 Phegous 1 1 1 Sybridai 0(1) 1 1 Deme #[17] #[18] #[19] Notes Aigeis (Αἰγηΐς)[20] Deme #[17] #[18] Notes city Upper Ankyle 1 to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods Lower Ankyle 1 1 Bate 1(2) 1 Diomeia 1 to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods Erikeia 1 2 Hestiaia 1 1 Kollytos 3 4 Kolonos 2 2 coast Araphen 2 2 Halai Araphenides 5 9 Otrine 1 1 Phegaia 3(4) 3(4) to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period Philaidai 3 3 Epakria inland Erchia 7(6) 11 Gargettos 4 to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods Ikarion 5(4) to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods and to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period Ionidai 2(1) 2 Kyndatidai 1(2) 1(2) to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period Myrrhinoutta 1 1 Plotheia 1 2 Teithras 4 4 Deme #[17] #[18] Notes Pandionis (Πανδιονίς)[21] Deme #[17] #[18] #[19] Notes Kydathenaion city Kydathenaion 12(11) to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods Myrrhinous coast Angele 2(3) 4 4 Myrrhinous 6 8 8 Prasiai 3 3 3 Probalinthos 5 5 5 to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period Steiria 3 3 4 Paiania inland Konthyle 1 1 to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period Kytheros 2(1) to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods Oa 4 4 4 to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period Upper Paiania 1 to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods Lower Paiania 11 22 22 Deme #[17] #[18] #[19] Notes Leontis (Λεοντίς)[22][23] Deme #[17] #[18] #[19] Notes Skambonidai city Halimous 3 3 3 Kettos 3 3(4) 3 Leukonoion 3 5 5 Oion Kerameikon 1 to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods Skambronidai 3 4 4 to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period Upper Potamos 2 2 2 Lower Potamos 1 to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods Phrearrhioi coast Deiradiotai 2 to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods Potamioi Deiradiotai 2 to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods Phrearrhioi 9 9 10 Sounion 4 6 6 to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period Hekale (?) inland Aithalidai 2 to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods Cholleidai 2 5 5 Eupyridai 2 2 2 Hekale 1 1 to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period Hybadai 2 2(1) 2 Kolonai 2 2 2 Kropidai 1 1 1 Paionidai 3 3 3 Pelekes 2 2 2 Deme #[17] #[18] #[19] Notes Akamantis (Ἀκαμαντίς)[24] Deme #[17] #[18] Notes Cholargos city Cholargos 4 6 Eiresidai 1 2 Hermos 2 2 Iphistiadai 1 1 Kerameis 6 6 Thorikos coast Kephale 9 12 Poros 3 to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods Thorikos 5(6) 6 Sphettos inland Eitea 2 to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods and to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period Hagnous 5 to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods and to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period Kikynna 2 3 Prospalta 5 5 to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period Sphettos 5 7 Deme #[17] #[18] Notes Oeneïs (Οἰνηΐς)[25] Deme #[17] #[18] Notes Lakiadai city Boutadai 1 1 to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period Epikephisia 1(2) 1 Hippotomadai 1 to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods Lakiadai 2 3 Lousia 1 1 Perithoidai 3 3 Ptelea 1 1 Tyrmeidai 1(0) 1 to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period Thria coast Kothokidai 2(1) to XII.Demetrias in the second and third period Oe 6(7) 6 Phyle 2 to XII.Demetrias in the second and third period Thria 7 8 to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period Pedion inland Acharnae 22 25 Deme #[17] #[18] Notes Kekropis (Κεκροπίς)[26] Deme #[17] #[18] Notes Melite (?) city Daidalidai 1 to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods and to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period Melite 7 to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods Xypete 7 to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods Aixone(?) coast Aixone 8 12 Halai Aixonides 6 10 inland Athmonon 6 10 to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period Epieikidai 1 1(0) Phlya 7 9 to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period Pithos 2(3) 4 Sypalettos 2 2 [27] Trinemeia 2 2 Deme #[17] #[18] Notes Hippothontis (Ἱπποθοντίς)[28] Deme #[17] #[18] Notes Peiraieus city Hamaxanteia 2 2 Keiriadai 2 2 Koile 3 to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods Korydallos 1 1 to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period Peiraieus 9 10 Thymaitadai 2 2 Eleusis coast Acherdous 1 1 Auridai 1 to XI.Antigonis in the second and third periods Azenia 2 2 Elaious 1 1 to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period Eleusis 11 12 Kopros 2 2 Oinoe 2 to XII.Demetrias in the second and to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period Dekeleia (?) inland Anakaia 3 3 Eroiadai 1 2 Dekeleia 4 6 Oion Dekeleikon 3 3 to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period and to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period Deme #[17] #[18] Notes Aiantis (Αἰαντίς) [29] Deme #[17] #[18] #[19] Notes Phaleron (?) city Phaleron 9 9 13 Thorikos coast Marathon 10 10 13 Oinoe 4 4 6 to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period and to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period Rhamnous 8 8 12 Trikorynthos 3 3 6 to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period Aphidna (?) inland Aphidna 16 16 to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period and to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period Deme #[17] #[18] #[19] Notes Antiochis (Ἀντιοχίς)[30] Deme #[17] #[18] Notes Alopeke city Alopeke 10 12 Anaphlistos coast Aigilia 6 7 to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period Amphitrope 2 3 Anaphlystos 10 11 Atene 3 to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods and to XIV.Attalis in the fourth period Besa 2 2 to XV.Hadrianis in the fifth period Thorai 4 to XII.Demetrias in the second and third periods Pallene inland Eitea 2(1) 2 Eroidai 1 1 Kolonai 2 to XI.Antigonis in the second period and to XIII.Ptolemais in the third period Krioa 1 2 Pallene 6(7) 9 Semachidai 1 1 Deme #[17] #[18] Notes The Macedonian tribes[edit] Antigonis[31] Deme Former phyle Trittys #[17] #[18] Lower Agryle Erachtheis city 3 3 Upper Lamptrai Erachtheis coast 5 5 Lower Pergase Erachtheis inland 2 2 Upper Ankyle Aigeis city 1 1 Ikarion Aigeis inland 5 6 Kydathenaion Pandionis city 12 12 Kytheros Pandionis inland 2 2 Upper Paiania Pandionis inland 1 1 Aithalidai Leontis inland 2 2 Deiradiotai Leontis coast 2 2 Potamos Deiradiotes Leontis coast 2 2 Eitea Akamantis inland 2 2 Auridai Hippothontis coast 1 1 Kolonai Antiochis inland 2 2 Demetrias[32] Deme Former phyle Trittys #[17] #[18] Diomeia Aigeis city 1 1 Oion Kerameikon Leontis city 1 1 Lower Potamos Leontis coast 1 2 Hagnous Akamantis inland 5 5 Poros Akamantis coast 3 3 Hippotomadai Oineis city 1 1 Kothokidai Oineis coast 2 2 Phyle Oineis coast 2 6 Daidalidai Kekropis city 1 1 Melite Kekropis city 7 7 Kypete Kekropis city 7 7 Koile Hippothontis city 3 3 Oinoe Hippothontis coast 2 2 Atene Antiochis coast 3 4 Thorai Antiochis coast 4 5 The later tribes[edit] Ptolemais[33] Deme Former phyle Trittys #[17] #[18] #[19] Kolonai Antigonis inland 2 2 2 Oinoe Demetrias coast 2 2 2 Themakos Erechteis city 1 1 1 Kydantidai Aigeis inland 1 (2) 1 (2) 1 Konthyle Pandionis inland 1 1 1 Hekale Leontis inland 1 1 1 Prospalta Akamantis inland 5 5 5 Boutadai Oineis city 1 1 1 Phlya Kekropis inland 6 9 9 Oion Dekeleikon Hippothontis inland 3 3 3 Aphidna Aiantis inland 16 16 16 Aigilia Antiochis coast 6 7 7 Berenikidai new 1 Attalis[34] Deme Former phyle Trittys #[17] #[18] #[19] Lower Agrile Erechteis city 3 3 3 Ikarion Aigeis inland 5 (4) 6 6 Probalinthos Pandionis coast 5 5 5 Sounion Leontis coast 4 6 6 Oion Dekailekon Ptolemais inlamd 3 3 3 Hagnous Akamantis inland 5 5 5 Tyrmeidai Oineis city 1(0) 1 1 Athmonon Kekropis inland 6 10 10 Korydallos Hippothontis city 3 3 3 Oinoe Aiantis coast 4 4 6 Atene Antiochis coast 3 4 4 Apollonieis new Hadrianis[35] Deme Former phyle Trittys #[17] #[18] #[19] Pambotadai Erechteis coast 1 (0) 1 (0) 2 Phegaia Aigeis coast 3 (4) 3 (4) 4 Oa Pandionis inland 4 4 4 Skambonidai Leontis city 3 4 4 Aphidna Ptolemais inlamd 16 16 16 Eitea Akamantis inland 2 2 2 Thria Oineis coast 7 8 8 Daidalidai Kekropis city 1 1 1 Elaious Hippothontis coast 1 1 1 Trikorynthos Aiantis coast 3 3 6 Besa Antiochis coast 2 2 2 Oinoe Attalis coast 4 4 6 Antinoeis new


The ten tribes of Thurii[edit] When the city was settled under the support of Pericles and the command of Lampon and Xenocritus the population was organized in ten tribes, following the Athenian organization: there were tribes for the population of 1. Arcadia, 2. Achaea, 3. Elis, 4. Boeotia, 5. Delphi, 6. Dorians, 7. Ionians, 8. population of Euboea, 9. the islands and 10. Athenians.[36]


Later usage[edit] The term "deme" (dēmos) survived into the Hellenistic and Roman eras. By the time of the Byzantine Empire, the term was used to refer to one of the four chariot racing factions, the Reds, the Blues, the Greens and the Whites. In modern Greece, the term dēmos is used to denote the municipalities.


Footnotes[edit] ^ Traill 1975, p. 76 ^ J.V. Fine, The Ancient Greeks: A Critical History ^ David Whitehead, "Deme" from the Oxford Classical Dictionary, Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth, ed. ^ Urban/asty or astu (ἄστυ), coastal/paralia (παραλία) and inland mesogaia (μεσογαία). ^ Traill 1975, p. 56 ^ Traill 1975, p. 59 ^ Traill 1975, p. 62 ^ Traill 1975, p. 61 ^ Graes, Phegaia, Kaletea (III); Rhakidai, Kyrteidai (V); Phyle B, Perrihidai (VI); Kikynna B, Trinemeia B, Sypalettos B (VII); Agriadai, Pol(--), Anakaia B, Amymone, Sphendale (VIII); Kykala, Perrhidai, Thyrgonidai, Titakidai, Petalidai, Psaphis (IX); Atene B, De(--), Lekkon, Leukopyra, Ergadeis, Phyrrhinesioi, Malainai, Pentele (X). ^ Traill 1975, pp. 81–96 ^ Anakaia B, Phegaieis B, Graes, Pol(--) ^ Agriadai ^ De(--), Salamis, Kaletea, Kikynna B, Atene B, Ikaroin, Amphitrope B, Phyle B, Sypalettos B, Trinemeia B, Coastal Lamptrai, Chastieis, Chelidonia, Echelidai, Gephyreis, Lekkon, Oisia, Rhakidai, Sporgilos. ^ Hyporeia,Thirgonidai, Titakidai, Perrhidai, Petalidai, Eunostidai, Klopidai, Melainai, Sphendale, Pentale, Psaphis, Akyaia, Amymone, Ergadeis, Kykala, Kyrteidai, Leukopyra, Phy(r)rhinesioi, Semachidai B, ^ Traill 1975, pp. 123-8 ^ Traill 1975, Table I ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Quota in the first period ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Quota in the second period ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Quota in the third period ^ Traill 1975, Table II ^ Traill 1975, Table III ^ Traill 1975, Table IV ^ Traill, 1975 & pg.133 ^ Traill 1975, Table V ^ Traill 1975, Table VI ^ Traill 1975, Table VII ^ Meritt, 1961, pp.227-230 suggests that Sypalettos could be temporarily belonged to XIV.Attalis in 145; the argument would justify the conflicting facts that the current archon, Epikrates, was from Sypalettos and that archonship, in the secretary-cycle, should be assigned to Attalis; in connection he pointed that the son of the epynom, Attalos II, was of the deme Sypalettos and that a similar reletionship between phylai and members of the family of the epynom is proved by Ptolemy V Epiphanes, grandson of Ptolemy III and member of XIII.Ptolemais and by Hadrian which was accepted into the deme of Besa. ^ Traill 1975, Table V ^ Traill 1975, Table IX ^ Traill 1975, Table X ^ Traill 1975, Table XI ^ Traill 1975, Table XII ^ Traill 1975, Table XIII ^ Traill 1975, Table XIV ^ Traill 1975, Table XV ^ Fritz Schachermeyr, Perikles, Kohlhammer, Stuttgart–Berlin–Köln–Mainz 1969


References[edit] Traill, John S. (1975). The Political Organization of Attica. Amsterdam: American School of Classical Studies at Athens (ASCSA). ISBN 978-0-87661-514-0. JSTOR 1353928.  Fine, John V. A. The Ancient Greeks: A critical history (Harvard University Press, 1983). ISBN 0-674-03314-0. Hornblower, Simon, and Anthony Spawforth, ed., The Oxford Classical Dictionary (Oxford University Press, 2003). ISBN 0-19-866172-X. Meritt, B. D. The Athenian Year. Berkeley, 1961. Suzanne, Bernard (1998). plato-dialogues.org, "Attic Tribes and Demes". Accessed August 1, 2006. Whitehead, David. The Demes of Attica 508/7–ca. 250 BC: A Political and Social Study (Princeton University Press, 1986). v t e Greek terms for country subdivisions Modern apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis§ / diamerisma§ / periphereia nomos§ / periphereiaki enotita demos / eparchia§ / koinotita§ Historical archontia/archontaton bandon demos despotaton dioikesis doukaton droungos eparchia exarchaton katepanikion kephalatikion kleisoura meris naukrareia satrapeia strategis thema toparchia tourma § signifies a defunct institution v t e Designations for types of administrative territorial entities English terms Common English terms1 Area Insular area Local government area Protected area Special area Statistical area Combined statistical area Metropolitan statistical area Micropolitan statistical area Urban area Canton Half-canton Borough County borough Metropolitan borough Capital Federal capital Imperial capital City City state Autonomous city Charter city Independent city Incorporated city Imperial city Free imperial city Royal free city Community Autonomous community Residential community County Administrative county Autonomous county Consolidated city-county Metropolitan county Non-metropolitan Viscountcy Country Overseas country Department Overseas department District Capital district City district Congressional district Electoral district Federal district Indian government district Land district Metropolitan district Non-metropolitan district Military district Municipal district Police district Regional district Rural district Sanitary district Subdistrict Urban district Special district Division Census division Police division Subdivision Municipality County municipality Norway Nova Scotia Regional county municipality Direct-controlled municipality District municipality Mountain resort municipality Neutral municipality Regional municipality Resort municipality Rural municipality Specialized municipality Prefecture Autonomous prefecture Subprefecture Super-prefecture Praetorian prefecture Province Autonomous province Overseas province Roman province Region Administrative region Autonomous region Capital region Development region Economic region Mesoregion Microregion Overseas region Planning region Special administrative region Statistical region Subregion Reserve Biosphere reserve Ecological reserve Game reserve Indian reserve Nature reserve State Federal state Free state Sovereign state Territory Capital territory Federal capital territory Dependent territory Federal territory Military territory Organized incorporated territory Overseas territory Union territory Unorganized territory Town Census town Market town Township Charter township Civil township Paper township Survey township Urban township Unit Autonomous territorial unit Local administrative unit Municipal unit Regional unit Zone Economic zone Exclusive economic zone Free economic zone Special economic zone Free-trade zone Neutral zone Self-administered zone Other English terms Current Alpine resort Bailiwick Banner Autonomous Block Cadastre Circle Circuit Colony Commune Condominium Constituency Duchy Eldership Emirate Federal dependency Governorate Hamlet Ilkhanate Indian reservation Manor Royal Muftiate Neighbourhood Parish Periphery Precinct Principality Protectorate Quarter Regency Autonomous republic Riding Sector Autonomous Shire Sultanate Suzerainty Townland Village Administrative Summer Ward Historical Agency Barony Burgh Exarchate Hide Hundred Imperial Circle March Monthon Presidency Residency Roman diocese Seat Tenth Tithing Non-English or loanwords Current Amt Bakhsh Barangay Bezirk Regierungsbezirk Comune Frazione Fu Gemeinde Județ Kunta / kommun Finland Sweden Län Località Megye Muban Oblast Autonomous Okrug Ostān Poblacion Purok Shahrestān Sum Sýsla Tehsil Vingtaine Historical Commote Gau Heerlijkheid Köping Maalaiskunta Nome Egypt Greece Pagus Pargana Plasă Satrapy Socken Subah Syssel Zhou v t e Arabic terms for country subdivisions First-level Muhafazah (محافظة governorate) Wilayah (ولاية province) Mintaqah (منطقة region) Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate) Imarah (إمارة emirate) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate") Second / third-level Mintaqah (منطقة region) Qadaa (قضاء district) Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict) Markaz (مركز district) Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation") Daerah/Daïra (دائرة circle) Liwa (لواء banner / sanjak) City / township-level Amanah (أمانة municipality) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter) Mahallah (محلة) Qarya (قرية) Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision") English translations given are those most commonly used. v t e French terms for country subdivisions arrondissement département préfecture subprefectures v t e Greek terms for country subdivisions Modern apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis§ / diamerisma§ / periphereia nomos§ / periphereiaki enotita demos / eparchia§ / koinotita§ Historical archontia/archontaton bandon demos despotaton dioikesis doukaton droungos eparchia exarchaton katepanikion kephalatikion kleisoura meris naukrareia satrapeia strategis thema toparchia tourma § signifies a defunct institution v t e Portuguese terms for country subdivisions Regional subdivisions Estado Distrito federal Província Região Distrito Comarca Capitania Local subdivisions Município Concelho Freguesia Comuna Circunscrição Settlements Cidade Vila Aldeia Bairro Lugar Historical subdivisions in italics. v t e Slavic terms for country subdivisions Current dzielnica gmina krai kraj krajina / pokrajina městys obec oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast' okręg okres okrug opština / općina / občina / obshtina osiedle powiat / povit raion selsoviet / silrada sołectwo voivodeship / vojvodina županija Historical darugha gromada guberniya / gubernia jurydyka khutor obshchina okolia opole pogost prowincja sorok srez starostwo / starostva uyezd volost ziemia župa v t e Spanish terms for country subdivisions National, Federal Comunidad autónoma Departamento Distrito federal Estado Provincia Región Regional, Metropolitan Cantón Comarca Comuna Corregimiento Delegación Distrito Mancomunidad Merindad Municipalidad Municipio Parroquia Ecuador Spain Urban, Rural Aldea Alquería Anteiglesia Asentamiento Asentamiento informal Pueblos jóvenes Barrio Campamento Caserío Ciudad Ciudad autónoma Colonia Lugar Masía Pedanía Población Ranchería Sitio Vereda Villa Village (Pueblito/Pueblo) Historical subdivisions in italics. v t e Turkish terms for country subdivisions Modern il (province) ilçe (district) şehir (city) kasaba (town) belediye (municipality) belde (community) köy (village) mahalle (neighbourhood/quarter) Historical ağalık (feudal district) bucak (subdistrict) beylerbeylik (province) kadılık (subprovince) kaza (sub-province) hidivlik (viceroyalty) mutasarrıflık (subprovince) nahiye (nahiyah) paşalık (province) reya (Romanian principalities) sancak (prefecture) vilayet (province) voyvodalık (Romanian provinces) 1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical derivations in italics. See also: Census division, Electoral district, Political division, and List of administrative divisions by country Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Deme&oldid=808067237" Categories: DemoiGeography of ancient AtticaAncient AthensAncient Greek governmentHidden categories: Articles containing Greek-language text


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