Contents 1 Background 2 Installation 3 Capacity 4 Risks 5 See also 6 References


Background[edit] A Great River Fire Department Engine demonstrating its deluge gun. The Boston fireboat Firefighter shows off its fire monitors. The term monitor may be derived from the class of warships known by the same name, that were armed with disproportionately large guns.[citation needed]


Installation[edit] Deluge guns are often fitted to fire boats, tug boats, and on top of large fire trucks for use in manual firefighting efforts, where they can be aimed and operated by one firefighter and are used to deliver water or foam from outside the immediate area of the fire. Deluge guns are sometimes installed in fixed fire protection systems to protect high hazards, such as aviation hangars and helicopter landing pads. Similarly, facilities with highly flammable material such as oil refineries may have permanently installed deluge guns. Most apparatus-mounted deluge guns can be directed by a single firefighter, compared to a standard fire hose which normally requires several. Deluge guns can be automatically positioned for fixed systems, or may have portable designs. The latter option enables a firefighter to set up the gun to apply water to a blaze, before leaving it in place to attend to other tasks.


Capacity[edit] This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. Please help improve it to make it understandable to non-experts, without removing the technical details. (August 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) A deluge gun can discharge 2,000 US gallons (7,600 liters) per minute, or more. A master stream is a fire service term for a water stream of 350 US gallons (1,300 liters) per minute or greater. It is delivered by a master stream device, such as a deck gun, deluge gun, or fire monitor. Master streams are often found at the end of aerial ladders, tele-squirt nozzles, or monitor nozzles. The high pressure that they require renders them unsuitable for handline use.


Risks[edit] A master stream brings with it many risks when used in an urban setting. A master stream should never be fired into a building with people inside, as the force could knock down a supporting wall in a structure and crush victims. Also, the steam resulting from the high volume of water delivered could cause a blowout or displace oxygen from an enclosed area, creating a risk of asphyxiation.


See also[edit] Standpipe (firefighting) Water cannon Water gun


References[edit] Hall, Richard (1998). Adams, Barbara, ed. Essentials of Fire Fighting (4th ed.). Stillwater, OK: Fire Protection Publication. ISBN 0-87939-149-9.  US Patent for improved mobile fire apparatus ABS Rules for Steel Vessels 2007 5C.9.11/3 Specific Vessel Types- Chemical Carriers, Fire Protection and Fire Extinction v t e Firefighting Personnel Fire captain Fire chief Fire marshal Fire police Handcrew Station officer Volunteer fire department Women in firefighting Facilities Fire department List of fire departments Fire lookout tower Fire station Apparatus Airport crash tender Fire bike Fire chief's vehicle Fire engine Firefighting apparatus HazMat Heavy rescue Light and air Quint Tender Wildland tender Wildland engine Equipment Bunker gear Escape chair Fire extinguisher Fire hose Fire hydrant Fire retardant Fire shelter Fireman's pole Fireman's switch Flame retardant Fog nozzle Halligan bar Hard suction hose Hazmat suit Heat detector Nomex PASS Proximity suit SCBA Siren Smoke detector Thermal imaging camera Terminology Dead man zone Deluge gun Draft Fire classes Fire control Fire safety Fire triangle Fireman's carry Firewall Flash fire Forcible entry Gaseous fire suppression Stop, drop and roll Structure fire Two-in, two-out Ventilation Miscellaneous Fire camp Fire engine red Fire photography Fire protection engineering Foam Geography of firefighting History of firefighting International Association of Fire Fighters International Firefighters' Day List of firefighting films Muster Saint Florian World Firefighters Games World Police and Fire Games Wildland firefighting Equipment and tactics Aerial firefighting Controlled burn Driptorch Fire hose Fire lookout tower Fire retardant Fire retardant gel Fire trail Firebreak Firefighting apparatus Firefighting foam Helicopter bucket Hose pack MAFFS Pulaski Wildland fire engine Wildland water tender Wildfire suppression equipment and personnel Personnel Engine crew Handcrew Helitack Hotshots Lookout Smokejumper By location Australia United States (California, Washington) Lists Glossary of wildfire terms List of wildfires Category Commons Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Deluge_gun&oldid=762515863" Categories: Fire protectionFirefighting equipmentHidden categories: Articles lacking in-text citations from January 2017All articles lacking in-text citationsAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from December 2016Wikipedia articles that are too technical from August 2016All articles that are too technicalArticles needing expert attention from August 2016All articles needing expert attention


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