Contents 1 Geology 2 Climate 2.1 Flooding 3 Ecology 4 History 5 Notable attractions and locations 6 In popular culture 7 References 8 External links

Geology[edit] Main article: Geology of the Death Valley area Death Valley, California, July 3, 2017, Sentinel-2 true color satellite image, scale 1:250,000. Map showing the system of once-interconnected Pleistocene lakes in eastern California (USGS) , Death Valley is an excellent example of a graben, or a downdropped block of land between two mountain ranges.[10] It lies at the southern end of a geological trough known as Walker Lane, which runs north to Oregon. The valley is bisected by a right lateral strike slip fault system, represented by the Death Valley Fault and the Furnace Creek Fault. The eastern end of the left lateral Garlock Fault intersects the Death Valley Fault. Furnace Creek and the Amargosa River flow through the valley but eventually disappear into the sands of the valley floor. Death Valley also contains salt pans. According to current geological consensus, at various times during the middle of the Pleistocene era, which ended roughly 10,000–12,000 years ago, an inland lake referred to as Lake Manly formed in Death Valley. Lake Manly was nearly 100 miles (160 km) long and 600 feet (180 m) deep, the end-basin in a chain of lakes that began with Mono Lake in the north and continued through multiple basins down the Owens River Valley through Searles and China Lakes and the Panamint Valley to the immediate west.[11] As the area turned to desert, the water evaporated, leaving the abundance of evaporitic salts such as common sodium salts and borax, which were later exploited during the modern history of the region, primarily 1883 to 1907.[12]

Climate[edit] Death Valley has a subtropical, hot desert climate (Köppen: BWh), with long, extremely hot summers and short, mild winters, as well as little rainfall. As a general rule, lower altitudes tend to have higher temperatures. When the sun heats the ground, that heat is then radiated upward, but the dense below-sea-level air absorbs some of this radiation and radiates some of it back towards the ground. In addition, the high valley walls trap rising hot air and recycle it back down to the valley floor, where it is heated by compression.[13] This process is especially important in Death Valley, as it provides its specific climate and geography. The valley is surrounded by mountains, while its surface is mostly flat and devoid of plants, so much of the sun's heat can reach the ground, absorbed by soil and rock. When air at ground level is heated, it begins to rise, moving up past steep, high mountain ranges, which then cools slightly, sinking back down towards the valley more compressed. This air is then reheated by the sun to a higher temperature, moving up the mountain again, whereby the air moves up and down in a circular motion in cycles, similar to how a convection oven works. This heated air increases ground temperature markedly, forming the hot wind currents that are trapped by atmospheric pressure and mountains, thus stays mostly within the valley. Such hot wind currents contribute to perpetual drought-like conditions in Death Valley and prevent much cloud formation from passing through the confines of the valley, where precipitation is often in the form of a virga.[14] Death Valley holds temperature records because it has an unusually high number of factors that lead to high atmospheric temperatures. The depth and shape of Death Valley influence its summer temperatures. The valley is a long, narrow basin 282 feet (86 m) below sea level, yet is walled by high, steep mountain ranges. The clear, dry air and sparse plant cover allow sunlight to heat the desert surface. Summer nights provide little relief, as overnight lows may only dip into the 82 to 98 °F (28 to 37 °C) range. Moving masses of super-heated air blow through the valley creating extremely high temperatures.[15] Sand dunes at Mesquite Flats The hottest air temperature ever recorded in Death Valley was 134 °F (56.7 °C) on July 10, 1913, at Furnace Creek,[16] which is the hottest atmospheric temperature ever recorded on earth.[5] During the heat wave that peaked with that record, five consecutive days reached 129 °F (54 °C) or above. Some meteorologists dispute the accuracy of the 1913 temperature measurement.[17] The hottest surface temperature ever recorded in Death Valley was 201.0 °F (93.9 °C) on July 15, 1972, at Furnace Creek, which is the hottest ground surface temperature ever recorded on earth, as well as the only recorded surface temperature of above 200 °F (93.3 °C).[18] The greatest number of consecutive days with a maximum temperature of 100 °F (38 °C) or above was 154 days in the summer of 2001. The summer of 1996 had 40 days over 120 °F (49 °C), and 105 days over 110 °F (43 °C). The summer of 1917 had 52 days where the temperature reached 120 °F (49 °C) or above with 43 of them consecutive. Four major mountain ranges lie between Death Valley and the ocean, each one adding to an increasingly drier rain shadow effect, and in 1929, 1953, and 1989, no rain was recorded for the whole year.[15] The period from 1931 to 1934 was the driest stretch on record with only 0.64 inches (16 mm) of rain over a 40-month period.[14] On June 30, 2013, during the 2013 extreme heat wave, the mercury reached 129 °F (54 °C) at Furnace Creek station, which is the all-time hottest air temperature recorded for June. The mean annual temperature for Death Valley (Furnace Creek Weather Station) is 77.2 °F (25.1 °C) with an average high of 65.2 °F (18 °C) in December, 66.9 °F (19 °C) in January, and 116.5 °F (47 °C) in July.[19] From 1934 to 1961, the weather station at Cow Creek recorded a mean annual temperature of 77.2 °F (25.1 °C).[20] The longest number of consecutive days where temperatures reached 90 °F (32 °C) or more was 205 from April to October 1992.[21] On average, 192 days per year in Death Valley have temperatures that reach 90 °F or more.[22] Before being moved to Furnace Creek, the weather station at Greenland Ranch averaged 194.4 days annually where temperatures reached 90 °F or more.[23] View from Badwater Basin The lowest temperature recorded at Greenland Ranch was 15 °F (−9 °C) in January 1913.[24] The period from July 17–19, 1959, was the longest string of consecutive days where nighttime low temperatures did not drop below 100 °F (38 °C).[25] The highest overnight or low temperature recorded in Death Valley is 110 °F (43 °C), recorded on July 5, 1918, and the current world record for hottest overnight low.[26] As recently as July 12, 2012, the low temperature at Death Valley dropped to just 107 °F (42 °C) after a high of 128 °F (53 °C) on the previous day. The only other location which matches Death Valley's overnight low temperature of 107 °F in recent years is Khasab Airport in Oman, which also recorded a low of 107 °F (42 °C) on June 27, 2012.[27] Also on July 12, 2012 the mean 24-hour temperature recorded at Death Valley was 117.5 °F (47.5 °C), which makes it the world's warmest 24-hour temperature on record.[28] The average annual precipitation in Death Valley is 2.36 inches (60 mm), while the Greenland Ranch station averaged 1.58 in (40 mm).[29] The wettest month on record is January 1995, when 2.59 inches (66 mm) fell on Death Valley.[14] The wettest period on record was mid-2004 to mid-2005, in which nearly 6 inches (150 mm) of rain fell in total, leading to ephemeral lakes in the valley and the region and tremendous wildflower blooms.[30] Snow with accumulation has only been recorded in January 1922, while scattered flakes have been recorded on other occasions. Climate data for Death Valley (Furnace Creek Station) Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 87 (31) 97 (36) 102 (39) 113 (45) 122 (50) 129 (54) 134 (57) 127 (53) 123 (51) 113 (45) 98 (37) 89 (32) 134 (57) Mean maximum °F (°C) 77.0 (25) 83.9 (28.8) 93.4 (34.1) 103.4 (39.7) 112.1 (44.5) 120.4 (49.1) 123.7 (50.9) 121.9 (49.9) 116.0 (46.7) 104.2 (40.1) 88.8 (31.6) 77.0 (25) 124.5 (51.4) Average high °F (°C) 66.9 (19.4) 73.3 (22.9) 82.1 (27.8) 90.5 (32.5) 100.5 (38.1) 109.9 (43.3) 116.5 (46.9) 114.7 (45.9) 106.5 (41.4) 92.8 (33.8) 77.1 (25.1) 65.2 (18.4) 91.4 (33) Daily mean °F (°C) 53.4 (11.9) 59.8 (15.4) 68.4 (20.2) 76.3 (24.6) 86.6 (30.3) 95.5 (35.3) 102.2 (39) 100.2 (37.9) 91.1 (32.8) 77.1 (25.1) 62.6 (17) 51.7 (10.9) 77.2 (25.1) Average low °F (°C) 40.0 (4.4) 46.3 (7.9) 54.8 (12.7) 62.1 (16.7) 72.7 (22.6) 81.2 (27.3) 88.0 (31.1) 85.7 (29.8) 75.6 (24.2) 61.5 (16.4) 48.1 (8.9) 38.3 (3.5) 62.9 (17.2) Mean minimum °F (°C) 28.4 (−2) 34.4 (1.3) 41.4 (5.2) 48.7 (9.3) 56.6 (13.7) 65.4 (18.6) 75.7 (24.3) 73.5 (23.1) 62.7 (17.1) 48.8 (9.3) 35.5 (1.9) 28.8 (−1.8) 26.3 (−3.2) Record low °F (°C) 15 (−9) 20 (−7) 26 (−3) 35 (2) 42 (6) 49 (9) 62 (17) 65 (18) 41 (5) 32 (0) 24 (−4) 19 (−7) 15 (−9) Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.39 (9.9) 0.51 (13) 0.30 (7.6) 0.12 (3) 0.03 (0.8) 0.05 (1.3) 0.07 (1.8) 0.13 (3.3) 0.21 (5.3) 0.07 (1.8) 0.18 (4.6) 0.30 (7.6) 2.36 (59.9) Mean monthly sunshine hours 217 226 279 330 372 390 403 372 330 310 210 186 3,625 Source #1: NOAA 1981–2010 US Climate Normals[31] Source #2:[32] Climate data for Death Valley (Cow Creek Station) Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 84 (29) 89 (32) 100 (38) 110 (43) 120 (49) 125 (52) 126 (52) 125 (52) 123 (51) 111 (44) 95 (35) 84 (29) 126 (52) Average high °F (°C) 64.4 (18) 71.6 (22) 80.6 (27) 90.9 (32.7) 100.0 (37.8) 109.3 (42.9) 116.0 (46.7) 113.8 (45.4) 106.9 (41.6) 92.1 (33.4) 75.4 (24.1) 65.9 (18.8) 90.6 (32.6) Daily mean °F (°C) 52.5 (11.4) 59.1 (15.1) 67.4 (19.7) 77.5 (25.3) 86.4 (30.2) 95.3 (35.2) 102.1 (38.9) 99.9 (37.7) 92.1 (33.4) 78.1 (25.6) 62.3 (16.8) 54.1 (12.3) 77.2 (25.1) Average low °F (°C) 40.6 (4.8) 46.6 (8.1) 54.3 (12.4) 64.1 (17.8) 72.7 (22.6) 81.2 (27.3) 88.4 (31.3) 86.0 (30) 77.4 (25.2) 64.0 (17.8) 49.3 (9.6) 42.4 (5.8) 63.9 (17.7) Record low °F (°C) 19 (−7) 30 (−1) 33 (1) 45 (7) 52 (11) 54 (12) 69 (21) 69 (21) 57 (14) 40 (4) 32 (0) 27 (−3) 19 (−7) Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.24 (6.1) 0.32 (8.1) 0.20 (5.1) 0.20 (5.1) 0.10 (2.5) 0.02 (0.5) 0.10 (2.5) 0.11 (2.8) 0.12 (3) 0.11 (2.8) 0.20 (5.1) 0.29 (7.4) 2.00 (50.8) Source:[33] Flooding[edit] A Landsat 5 satellite photo of Lake Badwater on February 9, 2005 A Landsat 5 satellite photo of Badwater Basin dry lake on February 15, 2007 In 2005, Death Valley received four times its average annual rainfall of 1.5 inches (38 mm). As it has done before for hundreds of years, the lowest spot in the valley filled with a wide, shallow lake, but the extreme heat and aridity immediately began evaporating the ephemeral lake. The pair of images (seen at right) from NASA's Landsat 5 satellite documents the short history of Death Valley's Lake Badwater: formed in February 2005 (top) and evaporated by February 2007 (bottom). In 2005, a big pool of greenish water stretched most of the way across the valley floor. By May 2005 the valley floor had resumed its more familiar role as Badwater Basin, a salt-coated salt flats. In time, this freshly dissolved and recrystallized salt will darken. The western margin of Death Valley is traced by alluvial fans. During flash floods, rainfall from the steep mountains to the west pours through narrow canyons, picking up everything from fine clay to large rocks. When these torrents reach the mouths of the canyons, they widen and slow, branching out into braided streams. The paler the fans, the younger they are.

Ecology[edit] Death Valley in 2005 springtime bloom In spite of the overwhelming heat and sparse rainfall, Death Valley exhibits considerable biodiversity. Wildflowers, watered by snowmelt, carpet the desert floor each spring, continuing into June.[30] Bighorn sheep, red-tailed hawks, and wild burros may be seen. Death Valley has over 600 springs and ponds. Salt Creek, a mile-long shallow depression in the center of the valley, supports pupfish.[34] These isolated pupfish populations are remnants of the wetter Pleistocene climate.[34] Darwin Falls, on the western edge of Death Valley Monument, falls 100 feet (30 m) into a large pond surrounded by willows and cottonwood trees. Over 80 species of birds have been spotted around the pond.[35]

History[edit] Death Valley is home to the Timbisha tribe of Native Americans, formerly known as the Panamint Shoshone, who have inhabited the valley for at least the past millennium. The Timbisha name for the valley, tümpisa, means "rock paint" and refers to the red ochre paint that can be made from a type of clay found in the valley. Some families still live in the valley at Furnace Creek. Another village was in Grapevine Canyon near the present site of Scotty's Castle. It was called in the Timbisha language maahunu, whose meaning is uncertain, although it is known that hunu means "canyon". Badlands at Zabriskie Point in Death Valley The valley received its English name in 1849 during the California Gold Rush. It was called Death Valley by prospectors[36] and others who sought to cross the valley on their way to the gold fields, after 13 pioneers perished from one early expedition of wagon trains.[37][38] During the 1850s, gold and silver were extracted in the valley. In the 1880s, borax was discovered and extracted by mule-drawn wagons. On the afternoon of July 10, 1913, the United States Weather Bureau recorded a high temperature of 134 °F (56.7 °C) at Greenland Ranch (now Furnace Creek) in Death Valley.[5] This temperature stands as the highest ambient air temperature ever recorded at the surface of the Earth. (A report of a temperature of 58 °C (136.4 °F) recorded in Libya in 1922 was later determined to be inaccurate.)[16] Death Valley National Monument was proclaimed on February 11, 1933, by President Herbert Hoover, placing the area under federal protection. In 1994, the monument was redesignated as Death Valley National Park, as well as being substantially expanded to include Saline and Eureka Valleys.

Notable attractions and locations[edit] Flash flood near Panamint Butte, Death Valley Main article: Places of interest in the Death Valley area Badwater Basin China Ranch Dante's View Darwin Falls Devils Hole Father Crowley Viewpoint Furnace Creek Harmony Borax Works Hells Gate Hog Ranch Mountains Myers Ranch Oasis at Death Valley Russell Camp New Ryan Upper and Lower Noonday Camp Racetrack Playa, a large dry lakebed within the Valley Sailing stones, famous moving stones of Death Valley Shoreline Butte Stovepipe Wells Tecopa Tecopa Hot Springs West Side Borax Camp Wilson Ranch Wildrose Ranger Station

In popular culture[edit] Films A number of movies have been filmed in Death Valley, such as:[39] 3 Godfathers (1948) Cattle Drive (1951) Chimmie Fadden Out West (1915) Danger Valley (1937) Death Valley (1946 film), starring Robert Lowery Death Valley (1982 film), starring Paul Le Mat Escape from Fort Bravo (1953) Fair Warning (1931) One-Eyed Jacks (1961) Star Wars (1977) Surrender (1950 film) The Border Patrolman (1936) The Gunfighter (1950) The Law and Jake Wade (1958) The Legend of God's Gun (2007) The Professionals (1960 film) The Reward (1965) The Walking Hills (1949) Twenty Mule Team (1940 film) Tumbleweed (1953 film) Westward the Women (1951) War Paint (1953 film) Yellow Sky (1948) Zabriskie Point (1970) Music Death Valley Suite (1949), a symphonic suite by Ferde Grofe, inspired by the history and geography of Death Valley Television Death Valley (TV series), a 2011 MTV horror comedy series[40] Death Valley Days (1930-1945 radio series; 1952–1970 TV series), an American radio and television anthology series featuring true stories of the old American West, particularly the Death Valley area

References[edit] ^ a b "USGS National Elevation Dataset (NED) 1 meter Downloadable Data Collection from The National Map 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) - National Geospatial Data Asset (NGDA) National Elevation Data Set (NED)". United States Geological Survey. September 21, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.  ^ "Feature Detail Report for: Death Valley". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.  ^ "World Heat Record Overturned – A Personal Account". WunderBlog. Retrieved 24 October 2016. Consequently, the WMO assessment is that the official highest recorded surface temperature of 56.7°C (134°F) was measured on 10 July 1913 at Greenland Ranch (Death Valley) CA  ^ "Find Distance and Azimuths Between 2 Sets of Coordinates". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved 13 August 2010. Entered coordinates for Badwater 36-15-01-N, 116-49-33-W; and Mount Whitney 36-34-43-N, 118-17-31-W  ^ a b c "World Meteorological Organization World Weather / Climate Extremes Archive". Archived from the original on 4 January 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2017.  ^ Wagner, David. "Doubts Cloud Death Valley's 100-Year Heat Record".  ^ Death Valley National Monument: Proposed Natural and Cultural Resources Management Plan and Draft Environmental Impact Statement. U.S. Department of the Interior. 1981. p. 72.  ^ Wright, JW, ed. (2006). The New York Times Almanac (2007 ed.). New York, New York: Penguin Books. p. 456. ISBN 0-14-303820-6.  ^ Cunningham, Bill; Cunningham, Polly (2016). Hiking Death Valley National Park. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 209.  ^ Sharp, RP; Glazner, AF (1997). Geology Underfoot in Death Valley and Owens Valley. Mountain Press Publishing. p. 195.  ^ "Image of the Day: Lake Badwater, Death Valley". Earth Observing System. NASA. 18 March 2009. Retrieved 16 April 2009.  ^ Celeste Cosby; Jeanette Hawkins; Jani Kushla; Molly Robinson (2009). "Boron Minerals of Death Valley". Clark Science Center, Smith College. Archived from the original on 17 March 2008.  ^ "Weather and Climate Death Valley National Park" (PDF). U.S. National Park Service. July 2007. Retrieved 16 April 2009.  ^ a b c "Weather and Climate". Death Valley National Park. U.S. National Park Service. 23 May 2008. Retrieved 16 April 2009.  ^ a b National Park Service. "Weather and Climate" (PDF). Death Valley. Retrieved 29 May 2009.  ^ a b El Fadli, KI; et al. (September 2012). "World Meteorological Organization Assessment of the Purported World Record 58°C Temperature Extreme at El Azizia, Libya (13 September 1922)". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 94 (2): 199. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00093.1.  ^ Masters, Jeff. "Historic Heat Wave Reponsible(sic) for Death Valley's 129°F Gradually Weakening". WunderBlog. Wunderground. Archived from the original on 2013-11-05.  ^ Kubecka, Paul (2001). "A possible world record maximum natural ground surface temperature". Weather. 56 (7): 218–221. Bibcode:2001Wthr...56..218K. doi:10.1002/j.1477-8696.2001.tb06577.x.  ^ WRCC. "Western U.S. Climate Historical Summaries Weather". Desert Research Institute. Retrieved 29 May 2009.  ^ WRCC. "Western U.S. Climate Historical Summaries Weather". Desert Research Institute. Retrieved 17 September 2010.  ^ WRCC. "State Extremes". Desert Research Institute. Retrieved 8 June 2009.  ^ WRCC. "Temperature". General Climate Summary. Desert Research Institute. Retrieved 8 June 2009.  ^ WRCC. "Temperature". General Climate Summary. Desert Research Institute. Retrieved 6 March 2014.  ^ WRCC. "Period of Record General Climate Summary - Temperature". Greenland Ranch, California. Desert Research Institute. Retrieved 17 June 2011.  ^ Parzybok, TW (2005). Weather Extremes of the West. Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press Publishing Company. p. 103. ISBN 978-0878424733.  ^ "July Daily Normals And Records" (PDF). The Death Valley Climate Book. National Weather Service. Retrieved 2017-03-26.  ^ Masters, Jeff (16 July 2013). "Death Valley records a low of 107°F (41.7°C): a world record". Weather Underground. Archived from the original on 7 May 2013.  ^ Jeff Masters. "Death Valley records a low of 107°F (41.7°C): a world record". Blog. Weather Underground. Retrieved 19 September 2012.  ^ WRCC. "Monthly Climate Summary". Desert Research Institute. Retrieved 8 June 2009.  ^ a b "Wet Winter Brings Life to Death Valley".  ^ NOAA. "1981–2010 US Climate Normals". NOAA. Retrieved 25 July 2011.  ^ "Weather2travel Death Valley Climate". Retrieved 16 June 2011.  ^ WRCC. "Western U.S. Climate Historical Summaries Weather". Desert Research Institute. Retrieved 3 June 2009.  ^ a b Lema, Sean (2008). "Phenotypic Plasticity of Death Valley's Pupfish". American Scientist.  ^ Kettmann, Matt; Grondahl, Paul; Watrous, Monica; Chase, Nan (May 2008). "Not So Dead". Smithsonian Magazine. p. 30.  ^ Lingenfelter, Richard E.; Dwyer, Richard A. (1988). Death Valley Lore, Classic Tales of Fantasy, Adventure and Mystery. Reno: University of Nevada Press. ISBN 0-87417-136-9.  ^ Manly, William Lewis (1894). "Death Valley in '49". Project Gutenberg. The Pacific Tree and Vine Co.  ^ Reynolds, Jerry. "Paradise Found". Santa Clarita Valley Historical Society. Retrieved 2017-10-07.  ^ Schneider, Jerry L. (2016). Western Filming Locations California, Book 6. CP Entertainment Books. pp. 132–133. ISBN 9780692722947.  ^ Hart, Hugh (August 29, 2011). "Cops Chase Zombies in MTV's Goofy Death Valley". Wired. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Death Valley (category) Death Valley travel guide from Wikivoyage National Park Service: Official Death Valley National Park website Historical photographs of Death Valley (1926), The Bancroft Library UNESCO Biosphere Preserve: Mojave and Colorado Deserts Strange moving rocks of the valley The Phenotypic Plasticity of Death Valley's Pupfishes an American Scientist article by Sean Lema Death Valley Area Interactive Map Surficial Geologic Map of the Death Valley Junction 30' x 60' Quadrangle, California and Nevada United States Geological Survey Death Valley Weather U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Death Valley Death Valley Nonprofit Support Organization Death Valley on National Geographic Strauss, Brandon (January 18, 2018). "Rare Photos From The Wild West You Wouldn't Believe Existed: Death Valley". Eternal Lifestyle.  v t e Death Valley and Death Valley National Park Fauna, flora and minerals Amargosa springsnail Borax Chuckwalla Death Valley monkeyflower Death Valley pupfish Death Valley June beetle Devils Hole pupfish Saratoga Springs pupfish History Amargosa Opera House and Hotel Badwater Death Valley Railroad Greenwater Harmony Borax Works Lake Manly (Badwater Basin) Skidoo Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad Twenty-mule team Places Amargosa Range / River / Valley Ash Meadows NWR Badwater Basin Ballarat Beatty Black Mountains Chloride City Cottonwood Mountains Dante's View Darwin Falls Death Valley Junction Devil's Golf Course Eureka Valley / Dunes Funeral Mountains Furnace Creek Panamint City / Panamint Range / Panamint Springs / Panamint Valley Rainbow Canyon Racetrack Playa Rhyolite Saline Valley Saratoga Springs Scotty's Castle Stovepipe Wells Telescope Peak Trona Ubehebe Crater Zabriskie Point Transportation California: SR 127 SR 178 SR 190 Trona Railway Nevada: US 95 SR 267 SR 373 SR 374 v t e  State of California Sacramento (capital) Topics Culture Food Music Myth Sports Demographics Earthquakes Economy Education Environment Geography Climate Ecology Flora Fauna Government Capitol Districts Governor Legislature Supreme Court Healthcare History Law National Historic Landmarks National Natural Landmarks NRHP listings Politics Congressional delegations Elections People Protected areas State Parks State Historic Landmarks Symbols Transportation Water Index of articles Regions Antelope Valley Big Sur California Coast Ranges Cascade Range Central California Central Coast Central Valley Channel Islands Coachella Valley Coastal California Conejo Valley Cucamonga Valley Death Valley East Bay (SF Bay Area) East County (SD) Eastern California Emerald Triangle Gold Country Great Basin Greater San Bernardino Inland Empire Klamath Basin Lake Tahoe Greater Los Angeles Los Angeles Basin Lost Coast Mojave Desert Mountain Empire North Bay (SF) North Coast North Coast (SD) Northern California Owens Valley Oxnard Plain Peninsular Ranges Pomona Valley Sacramento Valley Salinas Valley San Fernando Valley San Francisco Bay Area San Francisco Peninsula San Gabriel Valley San Joaquin Valley Santa Clara Valley Santa Clara River Valley Santa Clarita Valley Santa Ynez Valley Shasta Cascade Sierra Nevada Silicon Valley South Bay (LA) South Bay (SD) South Bay (SF) South Coast Southern Border Region Southern California Transverse Ranges Tri-Valley Victor Valley Wine Country Metro regions Metropolitan Fresno Los Angeles metropolitan area Greater Sacramento San Bernardino-Riverside metropolitan area San Francisco metropolitan area San Diego–Tijuana Counties Alameda Alpine Amador Butte Calaveras Colusa Contra Costa Del Norte El Dorado Fresno Glenn Humboldt Imperial Inyo Kern Kings Lake Lassen Los Angeles Madera Marin Mariposa Mendocino Merced Modoc Mono Monterey Napa Nevada Orange Placer Plumas Riverside Sacramento San Benito San Bernardino San Diego San Francisco San Joaquin San Luis Obispo San Mateo Santa Barbara Santa Clara Santa Cruz Shasta Sierra Siskiyou Solano Sonoma Stanislaus Sutter Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba Most populous cities Los Angeles San Diego San Jose San Francisco Fresno Sacramento Long Beach Oakland Bakersfield Anaheim Retrieved from "" Categories: Death ValleyTorridnessDeath Valley National ParkValleys of the Mojave DesertValleys of Inyo County, CaliforniaValleys of San Bernardino County, CaliforniaExtreme points of EarthLowest points of U.S. statesRifts and grabensRegions of CaliforniaWeather extremes of EarthValleys of CaliforniaSprings of CaliforniaBodies of water of Inyo County, CaliforniaBodies of water of San Bernardino County, California

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Death Valley National ParkDeath Valley (disambiguation)Death Valley Is Located In CaliforniaGeographic Coordinate SystemEastern CaliforniaMojave DesertGreat Basin DesertHighest Temperature Recorded On EarthMiddle EastBadwater BasinMount WhitneyContiguous United StatesFurnace Creek, CaliforniaGreat BasinSierra Nevada (U.S.)Death Valley National ParkMojave And Colorado Deserts Biosphere ReserveInyo County, CaliforniaAmargosa RangePanamint RangeGrapevine MountainsOwlshead MountainsTelescope PeakGeology Of The Death Valley AreaEnlargeSentinel-2Satellite ImageEnlargeGrabenTrough (geology)Walker LaneFault (geology)Death Valley FaultFurnace Creek FaultGarlock FaultAmargosa RiverSalt Pan (geology)PleistoceneLake ManlyBoraxSubtropicalHot Desert ClimateKöppen Climate ClassificationGreenhouse EffectConvection OvenVirgaEnlargeFurnace Creek, CaliforniaFurnace Creek, CaliforniaRain Shadow2013 Southwestern United States Heat WaveEnlargeBadwater BasinKhasab AirportOmanEphemeral LakePrecipitationSunshine DurationPrecipitationEnlargeLandsat 5EnlargeBadwater BasinDry LakeEphemeral LakeLandsat 5Lake BadwaterBadwater BasinSalt Pan (geology)Alluvial FanFlash FloodBraided StreamEnlargeDarwin FallsTimbishaNative Americans In The United StatesRed OchreClayScotty's CastleTimbisha LanguageBadlands At Zabriskie Point In Death ValleyFile:Zbriskie Point South Panorama 2012.jpgBadlandsZabriskie PointCalifornia Gold RushBoraxTwenty Mule TeamNational Weather ServiceFurnace Creek, CaliforniaFurnace Creek, CaliforniaHerbert HooverDeath Valley National ParkEnlargePlaces Of Interest In The Death Valley AreaBadwater BasinDante's ViewDarwin FallsDevils HoleFurnace Creek, CaliforniaHarmony Borax WorksHells Gate (California)Hog Ranch MountainsOasis At Death ValleyRyan, CaliforniaNoonday Camp, CaliforniaRacetrack PlayaSailing StoneStovepipe Wells, CaliforniaTecopa, California3 GodfathersCattle DriveChimmie Fadden Out WestDanger ValleyDeath Valley (1946 Film)Robert Lowery (actor)Death Valley (1982 Film)Paul Le MatEscape From Fort BravoFair Warning (film)One-Eyed JacksStar Wars (film)Surrender (1950 Film)The Border PatrolmanThe GunfighterThe Law And Jake WadeThe Legend Of God's GunThe Professionals (1966 Film)The RewardThe Walking HillsTwenty Mule Team (1940 Film)Tumbleweed (1953 Film)Westward The WomenWar Paint (1953 Film)Yellow SkyZabriskie Point (film)Death Valley SuiteFerde GrofeDeath Valley (TV Series)Death Valley DaysUnited States Geological SurveyGeographic Names Information SystemUnited States Geological SurveyInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-14-303820-6Digital Object IdentifierBibcodeDigital Object IdentifierInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0878424733National Weather ServiceWeather UndergroundInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-87417-136-9International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780692722947Wikimedia CommonsVoy:Death ValleyThe Bancroft LibraryUnited States Geological SurveyNational Geographic (magazine)Template:Death ValleyTemplate Talk:Death ValleyDeath Valley National ParkFaunaFloraMineralAmargosa SpringsnailBoraxChuckwallaDiplacus RupicolaDeath Valley PupfishDeath Valley June BeetleDevils Hole PupfishSaratoga Springs PupfishAmargosa Opera House And HotelBadwater, CaliforniaDeath Valley RailroadGreenwater, CaliforniaHarmony Borax WorksLake ManlyBadwater BasinSkidoo, CaliforniaTonopah And Tidewater RailroadTwenty-mule TeamPlaces Of Interest In The Death Valley AreaAmargosa RangeAmargosa RiverAmargosa Valley, NevadaAsh Meadows National Wildlife RefugeBadwater BasinBallarat, CaliforniaBeatty, NevadaBlack Mountains (California)Chloride City, CaliforniaCottonwood Mountains (Inyo County)Dante's ViewDarwin FallsDeath Valley Junction, CaliforniaDevil's Golf CourseEureka Valley (Inyo County)Eureka Valley Sand DunesFuneral MountainsFurnace Creek, CaliforniaPanamint City, CaliforniaPanamint RangePanamint Springs, CaliforniaPanamint ValleyRainbow Canyon (California)Racetrack PlayaRhyolite, NevadaSaline Valley, CaliforniaSaratoga Springs (Death Valley)Scotty's CastleStovepipe Wells, CaliforniaTelescope PeakTrona, San Bernardino County, CaliforniaUbehebe CraterZabriskie PointCalifornia State Route 127California State Route 178California State Route 190Trona RailwayU.S. Route 95 In NevadaNevada State Route 267Nevada State Route 373Nevada State Route 374Template:CaliforniaTemplate Talk:CaliforniaU.S. StateCaliforniaSacramento, CaliforniaOutline Of CaliforniaCulture Of CaliforniaCuisine Of CaliforniaMusic Of CaliforniaCalifornia SoundSports In CaliforniaDemographics Of CaliforniaList Of Earthquakes In CaliforniaEconomy Of CaliforniaEducation In CaliforniaEnvironment Of CaliforniaGeography Of CaliforniaClimate Of CaliforniaEcology Of CaliforniaCalifornia Floristic ProvinceFauna Of CaliforniaGovernment Of CaliforniaCalifornia State CapitolDistricts In CaliforniaGovernor Of CaliforniaCalifornia State LegislatureSupreme Court Of 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CaliforniaButte County, CaliforniaCalaveras County, CaliforniaColusa County, CaliforniaContra Costa County, CaliforniaDel Norte County, CaliforniaEl Dorado County, CaliforniaFresno County, CaliforniaGlenn County, CaliforniaHumboldt County, CaliforniaImperial County, CaliforniaInyo County, CaliforniaKern County, CaliforniaKings County, CaliforniaLake County, CaliforniaLassen County, CaliforniaLos Angeles County, CaliforniaMadera County, CaliforniaMarin County, CaliforniaMariposa County, CaliforniaMendocino County, CaliforniaMerced County, CaliforniaModoc County, CaliforniaMono County, CaliforniaMonterey County, CaliforniaNapa County, CaliforniaNevada County, CaliforniaOrange County, CaliforniaPlacer County, CaliforniaPlumas County, CaliforniaRiverside County, CaliforniaSacramento County, CaliforniaSan Benito County, CaliforniaSan Bernardino County, CaliforniaSan Diego County, CaliforniaSan FranciscoSan Joaquin County, CaliforniaSan Luis Obispo County, CaliforniaSan Mateo County, CaliforniaSanta Barbara County, CaliforniaSanta Clara County, CaliforniaSanta Cruz County, CaliforniaShasta County, CaliforniaSierra County, CaliforniaSiskiyou County, CaliforniaSolano County, CaliforniaSonoma County, CaliforniaStanislaus County, CaliforniaSutter County, CaliforniaTehama County, CaliforniaTrinity County, CaliforniaTulare County, CaliforniaTuolumne County, CaliforniaVentura County, CaliforniaYolo County, CaliforniaYuba County, CaliforniaList Of Cities And Towns In CaliforniaLos AngelesSan DiegoSan Jose, CaliforniaSan FranciscoFresno, CaliforniaSacramento, CaliforniaLong Beach, CaliforniaOakland, CaliforniaBakersfield, CaliforniaAnaheim, CaliforniaHelp:CategoryCategory:Death ValleyCategory:TorridnessCategory:Death Valley National ParkCategory:Valleys Of The Mojave DesertCategory:Valleys Of Inyo County, CaliforniaCategory:Valleys Of San Bernardino County, CaliforniaCategory:Extreme Points Of EarthCategory:Lowest Points Of U.S. StatesCategory:Rifts And 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