Contents 1 Early life 2 Film career 3 Later film career 4 Death 5 Legacy 6 Film preservation 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links


Early life[edit] Griffith (c. 1907) Griffith was born on a farm in Oldham County, Kentucky, the son of Mary Perkins (née Oglesby) and Jacob Wark "Roaring Jake" Griffith.[7] Jacob was a Confederate Army colonel in the American Civil War and was elected as a Kentucky state legislator. Griffith was raised a Methodist.[8] He attended a one-room schoolhouse where he was taught by his older sister, Mattie. After his father died when he was ten, the family struggled with poverty. When Griffith was 14, his mother abandoned the farm and moved the family to Louisville, where she opened a boarding house. It failed shortly after. Griffith then left high school to help support the family, taking a job in a dry goods store and later in a bookstore. Griffith began his creative career as an actor in touring companies. Meanwhile, he was learning how to become a playwright, but had little success—only one of his plays was accepted for a performance.[9] Griffith then decided to become an actor, and appeared in many films as an extra.[10] Griffith began making short films in 1908, and released his first feature film, Judith of Bethulia, in 1914. A few years earlier, in 1907, Griffith, still struggling as a playwright, traveled to New York in an attempt to sell a script to Edison Studios producer Edwin Porter.[9] Porter rejected Griffith's script, but gave him an acting part in Rescued from an Eagle's Nest instead.[9] Finding this attractive, Griffith began exploring a career as a motion picture actor.


Film career[edit] Griffith on the set of Birth of a Nation (1915) with actor Henry Walthall and others In 1908, Griffith accepted a role as a stage extra in Professional Jealousy for the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, commonly known as Biograph, where he met his future, favorite cameraman, G. W. "Billy" Bitzer. At Biograph, Griffith's career in the film industry changed forever.[11] In 1908, Biograph's main director Wallace McCutcheon grew ill, and his son, Wallace McCutcheon, Jr., took his place.[12] McCutcheon, Jr. did not bring the studio success.[11] As a result, Biograph co-founder, Henry "Harry" Marvin, gave Griffith the position[11] and the young man made his first short movie for the company, The Adventures of Dollie. Griffith directed 48 shorts for the company that year. His short In Old California (1910) was the first film shot in Hollywood, California. Four years later he produced and directed his first feature film Judith of Bethulia (1914), one of the earliest to be produced in the US. At the time, Biograph believed that longer features were not viable. According to actress Lillian Gish, the company thought that "a movie that long would hurt [the audience's] eyes".[13] Left to right: Griffith, cameraman G. W. "Billy" Bitzer (behind Pathé camera), Dorothy Gish watching from behind Bitzer, Karl Brown keeping script, and Miriam Cooper in profile, in a production still for Intolerance (1916). Because of company resistance to his goals, and his cost overruns on the film (it cost $30,000 to produce), Griffith left Biograph. He took his company of actors with him and joined the Mutual Film Corporation. He formed a studio with the Majestic Studio manager Harry Aitken;[14] it became known as Reliance-Majestic Studios (and was later renamed Fine Arts Studio).[15] His new production company became an autonomous production unit partner in Triangle Film Corporation along with Thomas Ince and Keystone Studios' Mack Sennett; the Triangle Film Corporation was headed by Griffith's partner Harry Aitken, who was released from the Mutual Film Corporation,[14] and his brother Roy. Play media Birth of a Nation (1915), perhaps the most famous silent movie directed by Griffith and considered a landmark by film historians. Adapted for the screen by Griffith and Frank E. Woods, based on the novel and play The Clansman: An Historical Romance of the Ku Klux Klan by Thomas Dixon, Jr.. Through Reliance-Majestic Studios, Griffith directed and produced The Clansman (1915), which would later be known as The Birth of a Nation. Historically, The Birth of a Nation is considered important by film historians as one of the first feature length American films (most previous films were less than one hour), and it changed the industry's standard in a way influential today.[16] Although the film was a success it aroused much controversy due to its depiction of slavery, the Ku Klux Klan, and race relations in both the Civil War and the Reconstruction era. Like its source material, Thomas Dixon, Jr.'s 1905 novel The Clansman, it depicts Southern pre-Civil War slavery as benign, the enfranchisement of freedmen as a corrupt Republican plot, and the Klan as a band of heroes restoring the rightful order. This view of the era was popular at the time, and was endorsed by historians of the Dunning School for decades, although it met with strong criticism from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and other groups. The NAACP attempted to stop showings of the film. While they were successful in some cities, it was shown widely and became the most successful box office attraction of its time. Considered among the first "blockbuster" motion pictures, it broke virtually all box office records that had been established until then. "They lost track of the money it made", Lillian Gish once remarked in a Kevin Brownlow interview.[citation needed] Some[who?] have speculated that an adjustment of box office earnings for inflation would confirm it as the most profitable movie of all time. The first million dollar partners: Fairbanks, Pickford, Chaplin and Griffith. Among the people who profited by the film was Louis B. Mayer, who bought the rights to distribute The Birth of a Nation in New England. With the money he made, he was able to begin his career as a producer that culminated in the creation of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios. Play media Intolerance (1916), the second most famous silent movie directed by Griffith who co-wrote the screenplay with Frank E. Woods, Hettie Grey Baker, Tod Browning, Anita Loos and Mary H. O'Connor. After seeing the film, which was filled with action and violence, audiences in some major northern cities rioted over the film's racial content.[17] In his next film, Intolerance, Griffith believed he was responding to critics. He portrayed the effects of intolerance in four different historical periods: the Fall of Babylon; the Crucifixion of Jesus; the events surrounding the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre (during religious persecution of French Huguenots); and a modern story. During its release Intolerance was not a financial success. Although it had good box office turn-outs, the film did not bring in enough profits to cover the lavish road show that accompanied it.[18] Griffith put a huge budget into the film's production, which could not be recovered in its box office.[19] He mostly financed Intolerence, contributing to his financial ruin for the rest of his life.[20] Griffith's Intolerance When his production partnership was dissolved in 1917, Griffith went to Artcraft (part of Paramount), then to First National (1919–1920). At the same time he founded United Artists, together with Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks. At United Artists, Griffith continued to make films, but never achieved box office grosses as high as either The Birth of a Nation or Intolerance.[21] He was also a producer on the 1915 film Martyrs of the Alamo.


Later film career[edit] Though United Artists survived as a company, Griffith's association with it was short-lived. While some of his later films did well at the box office, commercial success often eluded him. Griffith features from this period include Broken Blossoms (1919), Way Down East (1920), Orphans of the Storm (1921), Dream Street (1921), One Exciting Night (1922) and America (1924). Of these, the first three were successes at the box office.[22] Griffith was forced to leave United Artists after Isn't Life Wonderful (1924) failed at the box office. United Artists founders, Griffith, Pickford, Chaplin, and Fairbanks sign their contract for the cameras (1919). He made a part-talkie, Lady of the Pavements (1929), and only two full-sound films, Abraham Lincoln (1930) and The Struggle (1931). Neither was successful, and after The Struggle he never made another film. In 1936, director Woody Van Dyke, who had worked as Griffith's apprentice on Intolerance, asked Griffith to help him shoot the famous earthquake sequence for San Francisco, but did not give him any film credit. Starring Clark Gable, Jeanette MacDonald and Spencer Tracy, it was the top-grossing film of the year.[23] In 1939, the producer Hal Roach hired Griffith to produce Of Mice and Men (1939) and One Million B.C. (1940). He wrote to Griffith: "I need help from the production side to select the proper writers, cast, etc. and to help me generally in the supervision of these pictures."[24] Although Griffith eventually disagreed with Roach over the production and parted, Roach later insisted that some of the scenes in the completed film were directed by Griffith. This would make the film the final production in which Griffith was actively involved. But, cast members' accounts recall Griffith directing only the screen tests and costume tests. When Roach advertised the film in late 1939 with Griffith listed as producer, Griffith asked that his name be removed.[25] Mostly forgotten by movie-goers of the time, Griffith was held in awe by many in the film industry. In the mid-1930s, he was given a special Oscar by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. In 1946, he made an impromptu visit to the film location of David O. Selznick's epic western Duel in the Sun, where some of his veteran actors, Lillian Gish, Lionel Barrymore and Harry Carey, were cast members. Gish and Barrymore found their old mentor's presence distracting and became self-conscious. While the two were filming their scenes, Griffith hid behind set scenery.[26]


Death[edit] On the morning of July 23, 1948, Griffith was discovered unconscious in the lobby at the Knickerbocker Hotel in Los Angeles, California, where he had been living alone. He died of a cerebral hemorrhage at 3:42 PM on the way to a Hollywood hospital.[2] A large public service was held in his honor at the Hollywood Masonic Temple, but few stars came to pay their last respects. He is buried at Mount Tabor Methodist Church Graveyard in Centerfield, Kentucky.[27] In 1950, The Directors Guild of America provided a stone and bronze monument for his gravesite.[28]


Legacy[edit] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Stamp issued by the United States Postal Service commemorating D. W. Griffith Performer and director Charlie Chaplin called Griffith "The Teacher of us All". Filmmakers such as John Ford, Alfred Hitchcock,[29] Orson Welles, Lev Kuleshov,[30] Jean Renoir,[31] Cecil B. DeMille,[32] King Vidor,[33] Victor Fleming,[34] Raoul Walsh,[35] Carl Theodor Dreyer,[36] Sergei Eisenstein,[37] and Stanley Kubrick have spoken of their respect for the director of Intolerance. Welles said "I have never really hated Hollywood except for its treatment of D. W. Griffith. No town, no industry, no profession, no art form owes so much to a single man."[38] Griffith's Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6535 Hollywood Blvd. Griffith seems to have been the first to understand how certain film techniques could be used to create an expressive language; it gained popular recognition with the release of his The Birth of a Nation (1915). His early shorts—such as Biograph's The Musketeers of Pig Alley (1912), the first "gangster film"—show that Griffith's attention to camera placement and lighting heightened mood and tension. In making Intolerance, the director opened up new possibilities for the medium, creating a form that seems to owe more to music than to traditional narrative. In the 1951 Philco Television Playhouse episode "The Birth of the Movies", events from Griffith's film career were depicted. Griffith was played by John Newland. In 1953, the Directors Guild of America (DGA) instituted the D. W. Griffith Award, its highest honor. On December 15, 1999, DGA President Jack Shea and the DGA National Board announced that the award would be renamed as the "DGA Lifetime Achievement Award". They stated that, although Griffith was extremely talented, they felt his film The Birth of a Nation had "helped foster intolerable racial stereotypes", and that it was thus better not to have the top award in his name. In 1975, Griffith was honored on a ten-cent postage stamp by the United States. D.W. Griffith Middle School in Los Angeles is named after Griffith.[39] Because of the association of Griffith and the racist nature of The Birth of a Nation, attempts have been made to rename the 100% minority-enrolled school.[40] In 2008 the Hollywood Heritage Museum hosted a screening of Griffith's earliest films, to commemorate the centennial of his start in film.[41] On January 22, 2009 the Oldham History Center in La Grange, Kentucky opened a 15-seat theatre in Griffith's honor. The theatre features a library of available Griffith films.


Film preservation[edit] Griffith has five films preserved in the United States National Film Registry deemed as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant." These are Lady Helen's Escapade (1909), A Corner in Wheat (1909), The Birth of a Nation (1915), Intolerance: Love's Struggle Throughout the Ages (1916), and Broken Blossoms (1919).


See also[edit] Biography portal Film in the United States portal D. W. Griffith filmography D. W. Griffith House List of Freemasons List of people from the Louisville metropolitan area


References[edit] ^ a b c "D.W. Griffith". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved March 30, 2015.  ^ a b c "David W. Griffith, Film Pioneer, Dies; Producer Of 'Birth Of Nation,' 'Intolerance' And 'America' Made Nearly 500 Pictures Set, Screen Standards Co-Founder Of United Artists Gave Mary Pickford And Fairbanks Their Starts". The New York Times. July 24, 1948.  ^ "'The Birth of a Nation': When Hollywood Glorified the KKK | HistoryNet". HistoryNet. Retrieved February 27, 2016.  ^ Brooks, Xan (July 29, 2013). "The Birth of a Nation: a gripping masterpiece … and a stain on history". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved February 27, 2016.  ^ "D.W. Griffith". Senses of Cinema. Retrieved February 27, 2016.  ^ "History of the Close Up in film".  ^ "D. W. Griffith (1875-1948)". Retrieved December 3, 2016.  ^ Blizek, William L. (2009). The Continuum Companion to Religion and Film. A&C Black. p. 126. ISBN 0-826-49991-0.  ^ a b c "D. W. Griffith". Spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved June 5, 2011.  ^ "American Experience | Mary Pickford". PBS. Retrieved June 5, 2011.  ^ a b c "D.W. Griffith Biography". Starpulse.com. July 23, 1948. Retrieved June 5, 2011.  ^ "Who's Who of Victorian Cinema". Victorian-cinema.net. Retrieved June 5, 2011.  ^ Kirsner, Scott (2008). Inventing the movies : Hollywood's epic battle between innovation and the status quo, from Thomas Edison to Steve Jobs (1st ed.). [s.l.]: CinemaTech Books. p. 13. ISBN 1438209991.  ^ a b "D. W. Griffith: Hollywood Independent". Cobbles.com. June 26, 1917. Retrieved June 5, 2011.  ^ "Fine Arts Studio". Employees.oxy.edu. June 9, 1917. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved June 5, 2011.  ^ MJ Movie Reviews – Birth of a Nation, The (1915) by Dan DeVore Archived July 7, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow . Jim Crow Stories . The Birth of a Nation". PBS. March 21, 1915. Retrieved June 5, 2011.  ^ ""Griffith's 20 Year Record", ''Variety'' (September 25, 1928), as edited by David Pierce for ''The Silent Film Bookshelf,'' on line". Cinemaweb.com. September 5, 1928. Archived from the original on July 12, 2011. Retrieved June 5, 2011.  ^ "Intolerance Movie Review". Contactmusic.com. May 29, 2011. Retrieved June 5, 2011.  ^ Georges Sadoul (1972 [1965]). Dictionary of Films, P. Morris, ed. & trans., p. 158. University of California Press. ^ "American Masters . D.W. Griffith". PBS. December 29, 1998. Retrieved June 5, 2011.  ^ "Last Dissolve". Time Magazine. August 2, 1948. Retrieved August 14, 2008.  ^ "Biggest Box Office Hits of 1936". Ultimate movie rankings. Retrieved 14 November 2017.  ^ Richard Lewis Ward, A History of the Hal Roach Studios, p. 109-110. Southern Illinois University, 2005. ISBN 0-8093-2637-X. In his Biograph days, Griffith had directed two films with prehistoric settings: Man's Genesis (1912) and Brute Force (1914). ^ Ward, p. 110. ^ Green, Paul (2011). Jennifer Jones: The Life and Films. McFarland. p. 69. ISBN 0-786-48583-3.  ^ Schickel, Richard (1996). D.W. Griffith: An American Life. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 31. ISBN 0-879-10080-X.  ^ Schickel 1996 p. 605 ^ Leitch, Thomas; Poague, Leland (2011). A Companion to Alfred Hitchcock. John Wiley & Sons. p. 50. ISBN 1-444-39731-1.  ^ "Landmarks of Early Soviet Film". Archived from the original on April 23, 2012. Retrieved October 18, 2012.  ^ "Jean Renoir Biography". biography.yourdictionary.com. Retrieved October 18, 2012.  ^ "Movie Review: Restored 'Intolerance' Launches Festival of Preservation". latimes.com. Retrieved October 18, 2012.  ^ "Overview for King Vidor". tcm.com. Retrieved October 18, 2012.  ^ "Victor Fleming: An American Movie Master". Archived from the original on September 14, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2013.  ^ Moss, Marilyn (2011). Raoul Walsh: The True Adventures of Hollywood's Legendary Director. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 181, 242. ISBN 0-813-13394-7.  ^ "Matinee Classics - Carl Dreyer Biography & Filmography". matineeclassics.com. Archived from the original on December 15, 2013. Retrieved October 9, 2012.  ^ "Sergei Eisenstein - Biography". leninimports.com. Retrieved October 9, 2012.  ^ "MintyTees @ Amazon.com: vintage/celebrities/directors/dw_griffith/details/". Archived from the original on December 15, 2013.  ^ "Griffith Middle School: Home Page". Retrieved December 3, 2016.  ^ "Petition calls for Griffith Middle School name change over racism - LA School Report". Retrieved December 3, 2016.  ^ "Hollywood Heritage". Hollywood Heritage. Retrieved June 5, 2011. 


Further reading[edit] Lillian Gish, The Movies, Mr. Griffith and Me (Englewood, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1969) Karl Brown, Adventures with D. W. Griffith (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1973) Richard Schickel, D. W. Griffith: An American Life (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1984) Robert M. Henderson, D. W. Griffith: His Life and Work (New York: Oxford University Press, 1972) William M. Drew, D. W. Griffith's "Intolerance:" Its Genesis and Its Vision (Jefferson, New Jersey: McFarland & Company, 1986) Kevin Brownlow, The Parade's Gone By (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1968) Seymour Stern, An Index to the Creative Work of D. W. Griffith, (London: The British Film Institute, 1944–47) David Robinson, Hollywood in the Twenties (New York: A. S. Barnes & Co, Inc., 1968) Edward Wagenknecht and Anthony Slide, The Films of D. W. Griffith (New York: Crown, 1975) William K. Everson, American Silent Film (New York: Oxford University Press, 1978) Smith, Matthew (April 2008). "American Valkyries: Richard Wagner, D. W. Griffith, and the Birth of Classical Cinema". Modernism/modernity. 15 (2): 221–42. Retrieved September 14, 2014.  Iris Barry and Eileen Bowser, D. W. Griffith: American Film Master (Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1965) Drew, William M. "D.W. Griffith (1875–1948)". Retrieved July 31, 2007. 


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to David Wark Griffith. Bibliography of books and articles about Griffith via UC Berkeley Media Resources Center Works by or about D. W. Griffith at Internet Archive Works by D. W. Griffith at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks) D. W. Griffith on IMDb "The Box in the Screen" Griffith and television Photo of Griffith as a young man in the 1890s v t e Films directed by D. W. Griffith Only films from 1913 onwards included below. See complete D. W. Griffith filmography Three Friends (1913) The Telephone Girl and the Lady (1913) An Adventure in the Autumn Woods (1913) A Misappropriated Turkey (1913) Brothers (1913) Oil and Water (1913) A Chance Deception (1913) Love in an Apartment Hotel (1913) Broken Ways (1913) A Girl's Stratagem (1913) The Unwelcome Guest (1913) Near to Earth (1913) Fate (1913) The Sheriff's Baby (1913) The Hero of Little Italy (1913) A Misunderstood Boy (1913) The Left-Handed Man (1913) The Lady and the Mouse (1913) If We Only Knew (1913) The Wanderer (1913) The Stolen Loaf (1913) The House of Darkness (1913) Just Gold (1913) The Ranchero's Revenge (1913) A Timely Interception (1913) Death's Marathon (1913) The Mothering Heart (1913) The Sorrowful Shore (1913) The Enemy's Baby (1913) The Mistake (1913) Two Men of the Desert (1913) Madonna of the Storm (1913) The Battle at Elderbush Gulch (1913) The Conscience of Hassan Bey (1913) The Massacre (1914) Judith of Bethulia (1914) Battle of the Sexes (1914, lost) Brute Force (1914) Home, Sweet Home (1914) The Escape (1914, lost) The Avenging Conscience: or 'Thou Shalt Not Kill' (1914) The Birth of a Nation (1915) Intolerance: Love's Struggle Throughout the Ages (1916) Hearts of the World (1918) The Great Love (1918, lost) Lillian Gish in a Liberty Loan Appeal (1918, lost) The Greatest Thing in Life (1919, lost) A Romance of Happy Valley (1919) The Girl Who Stayed at Home (1919) Broken Blossoms (1919) True Heart Susie (1919) Scarlet Days (1919) The Greatest Question (1919) The Idol Dancer (1920) Remodeling Her Husband (1920) The Love Flower (1920) Way Down East (1920) Dream Street (1921) Orphans of the Storm (1921) One Exciting Night (1922) The White Rose (1923) America (1924) Isn't Life Wonderful (1924) Sally of the Sawdust (1925) That Royle Girl (1925) The Sorrows of Satan (1926) Drums of Love (1928) The Battle of the Sexes (1928) Lady of the Pavements (1929) Abraham Lincoln (1930) The Struggle (1931) v t e Academy Honorary Award 1928–1950 Warner Bros. / Charlie Chaplin (1928) Walt Disney (1932) Shirley Temple (1934) D. W. Griffith (1935) The March of Time / W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen / W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art Film Library / Mack Sennett (1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney / Deanna Durbin and Mickey Rooney / Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner (1938) Douglas Fairbanks / Judy Garland / William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939) Bob Hope / Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer / Noël Coward / Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (1942) George Pal (1943) Bob Hope / Margaret O'Brien (1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger / The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell / Laurence Olivier / Ernst Lubitsch / Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett / Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor / Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger / Monsieur Vincent / Sid Grauman / Adolph Zukor (1948) Jean Hersholt / Fred Astaire / Cecil B. DeMille / The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer / George Murphy / The Walls of Malapaga (1950) 1951–1975 Gene Kelly / Rashomon (1951) Merian C. Cooper / Bob Hope / Harold Lloyd / George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games (1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye / Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley / Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor (1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers / Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier (1958) Buster Keaton / Lee de Forest (1959) Gary Cooper / Stan Laurel / Hayley Mills (1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins (1961) William J. Tuttle (1964) Bob Hope (1965) Yakima Canutt / Y. Frank Freeman (1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant (1969) Lillian Gish / Orson Welles (1970) Charlie Chaplin (1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson (1972) Henri Langlois / Groucho Marx (1973) Howard Hawks / Jean Renoir (1974) Mary Pickford (1975) 1976–2000 Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz / Laurence Olivier / King Vidor / Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness (1979) Henry Fonda (1980) Barbara Stanwyck (1981) Mickey Rooney (1982) Hal Roach (1983) James Stewart / National Endowment for the Arts (1984) Paul Newman / Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy (1986) Eastman Kodak Company / National Film Board of Canada (1988) Akira Kurosawa (1989) Sophia Loren / Myrna Loy (1990) Satyajit Ray (1991) Federico Fellini (1992) Deborah Kerr (1993) Michelangelo Antonioni (1994) Kirk Douglas / Chuck Jones (1995) Michael Kidd (1996) Stanley Donen (1997) Elia Kazan (1998) Andrzej Wajda (1999) Jack Cardiff / Ernest Lehman (2000) 2001–present Sidney Poitier / Robert Redford (2001) Peter O'Toole (2002) Blake Edwards (2003) Sidney Lumet (2004) Robert Altman (2005) Ennio Morricone (2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall / Roger Corman / Gordon Willis (2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard / Eli Wallach (2010) James Earl Jones / Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker / Hal Needham / George Stevens Jr. (2012) Angela Lansbury / Steve Martin / Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière / Hayao Miyazaki / Maureen O'Hara (2014) Spike Lee / Gena Rowlands (2015) Jackie Chan / Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland / Agnès Varda (2017) Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 59091371 LCCN: n79083582 ISNI: 0000 0001 2101 6472 GND: 118718851 SELIBR: 238796 SUDOC: 027753603 BNF: cb11972874j (data) NLA: 35151368 NDL: 00620765 NKC: xx0057549 BNE: XX1008229 IATH: w69s2cnc PIC: 284403 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=D._W._Griffith&oldid=810840244" Categories: D. W. Griffith1875 births1948 deathsAmerican film directorsAmerican film producersCinema pioneersAcademy Honorary Award recipientsAmerican film production company foundersHollywood history and cultureSilent film directorsWestern (genre) film directorsArtists from Los AngelesArtists from Louisville, KentuckyAmerican MethodistsBurials in KentuckyNeurological disease deaths in the United StatesPeople from Oldham County, KentuckyUnited ArtistsHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksUse mdy dates from December 2016Articles with hCardsAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from May 2012All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrasesArticles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2017Articles needing additional references from December 2016All articles needing additional referencesArticles with Internet Archive linksArticles with LibriVox linksWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with NLA identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiersWikipedia articles with PIC identifiersArticles containing video clips


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Oldham County, KentuckyHollywood, CaliforniaCerebral HemorrhageCenterfield, KentuckyLinda ArvidsonCinematic TechniquesThe Birth Of A NationIntolerance (film)Racism In The United StatesAfrican AmericansKu Klux KlanRacistNAACPBroken BlossomsWay Down EastOrphans Of The StormRoadshow Theatrical ReleaseThe Struggle (film)Academy Of Motion Picture Arts And SciencesHistory Of FilmClose-upEnlargeOldham County, KentuckyConfederate States ArmyAmerican Civil WarMethodistLouisville, KentuckyJudith Of BethuliaEdison StudiosEdwin PorterRescued From An Eagle's NestEnlargeHenry B. WalthallBiograph CompanyBilly BitzerWallace McCutcheon, Sr.The Adventures Of DollieIn Old California (1910 Film)Judith Of BethuliaLillian GishEnlargeBilly BitzerPathéDorothy GishKarl Brown (cinematographer)Miriam CooperIntolerance (film)Mutual Film CorporationReliance-Majestic StudiosTriangle Film CorporationThomas H. InceKeystone StudiosMack SennettEnlargeBirth Of A NationFrank E. WoodsThe Clansman: An Historical Romance Of The Ku Klux KlanThomas Dixon, Jr.The Birth Of A NationThe Birth Of A NationFeature LengthSlavery In The United StatesKu Klux KlanRace RelationsAmerican Civil WarReconstruction Era Of The United StatesThomas Dixon, Jr.The ClansmanFreedmenRepublican Party (United States)Dunning SchoolNational Association For The Advancement Of Colored PeopleLillian GishKevin BrownlowWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Words To WatchEnlargeLouis B. MayerThe Birth Of A NationNew EnglandMetro-Goldwyn-MayerEnlargeIntolerance (film)Frank E. WoodsTod BrowningAnita LoosIntolerance (film)Battle Of OpisCrucifixion Of JesusSt. Bartholomew's Day MassacreHuguenotEnlargeArtcraftParamount PicturesFirst National PicturesUnited ArtistsCharlie ChaplinMary PickfordDouglas FairbanksMartyrs Of The AlamoUnited ArtistsBroken BlossomsWay Down EastOrphans Of The StormDream Street (film)One Exciting NightAmerica (1924 Film)Isn't Life WonderfulEnlargeUnited ArtistsMary PickfordCharles ChaplinDouglas FairbanksLady Of The PavementsAbraham Lincoln (1930 Film)The Struggle (film)Woody Van DykeIntolerance (film)San Francisco (1936 Film)Clark GableJeanette MacDonaldSpencer TracyHal RoachOf Mice And Men (1939 Film)One Million B.C.Screen TestDavid O. SelznickDuel In The Sun (film)Lionel BarrymoreHarry Carey (actor)Knickerbocker Hotel (Los Angeles)Los Angeles, CaliforniaCerebral HemorrhageHollywoodHollywood Masonic TempleCenterfield, KentuckyDirectors Guild Of AmericaWikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Maintenance Template RemovalEnlargeUnited States Postal ServiceCharlie ChaplinJohn FordAlfred HitchcockOrson WellesLev KuleshovJean RenoirCecil B. DeMilleKing VidorVictor FlemingRaoul WalshCarl Theodor DreyerSergei EisensteinStanley KubrickIntolerance (film)EnlargeHollywood Walk Of FameThe Birth Of A NationThe Musketeers Of Pig AlleyThe Philco Television PlayhouseJohn NewlandDirectors Guild Of AmericaJack Shea (director)Hollywood Heritage MuseumLa Grange, KentuckyNational Film RegistryLady Helen's EscapadeA Corner In WheatThe Birth Of A NationIntolerance (film)Broken BlossomsPortal:BiographyPortal:Film In The United StatesD. W. Griffith FilmographyD. W. Griffith HouseList Of FreemasonsList Of People From The Louisville Metropolitan AreaThe New York TimesInternational Standard Serial NumberInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-826-49991-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1438209991Wayback MachineInternational Standard Book Number (identifier)Special:BookSources/0-8093-2637-XBiograph CompanyBrute Force (1914 Film)International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-786-48583-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-879-10080-XInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-444-39731-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-813-13394-7A. S. BarnesModernism/modernityInternet ArchiveLibriVoxIMDbTemplate:D. W. GriffithTemplate Talk:D. W. GriffithD. W. Griffith FilmographyThree Friends (film)The Telephone Girl And The LadyAn Adventure In The Autumn WoodsA Misappropriated TurkeyBrothers (1913 Film)Oil And Water (film)A Chance DeceptionLove In An Apartment HotelBroken WaysA Girl's StratagemThe Unwelcome GuestNear To EarthFate (1913 Film)The Sheriff's BabyThe Hero Of Little ItalyA Misunderstood BoyThe Left-Handed ManThe Lady And The MouseIf We Only KnewThe Wanderer (1913 Film)The Stolen LoafThe House Of DarknessJust GoldThe Ranchero's RevengeA Timely InterceptionDeath's MarathonThe Mothering HeartThe Sorrowful ShoreThe Enemy's BabyThe Mistake (film)Two Men Of The DesertMadonna Of The StormThe Battle At Elderbush GulchThe Conscience Of Hassan BeyThe Massacre (film)Judith Of BethuliaThe Battle Of The Sexes (1914 Film)Brute Force (1914 Film)Home, Sweet Home (1914 Film)The Escape (1914 Film)The Avenging ConscienceThe Birth Of A NationIntolerance (film)Hearts Of The WorldThe Great Love (1918 Film)Lillian Gish In A Liberty Loan AppealThe Greatest Thing In LifeA Romance Of Happy ValleyThe Girl Who Stayed At HomeBroken BlossomsTrue Heart SusieScarlet DaysThe Greatest QuestionThe Idol DancerRemodeling Her HusbandThe Love FlowerWay Down EastDream Street (film)Orphans Of The StormOne Exciting NightThe White Rose (1923 Film)America (1924 Film)Isn't Life WonderfulSally Of The SawdustThat Royle GirlThe Sorrows Of Satan (film)Drums Of LoveThe Battle Of The Sexes (1928 Film)Lady Of The PavementsAbraham Lincoln (1930 Film)The Struggle (film)Template:Academy Honorary AwardTemplate Talk:Academy Honorary AwardAcademy Honorary AwardWarner Bros.Charlie ChaplinWalt DisneyShirley TempleThe March Of TimeW. Howard GreeneHarold RossonEdgar BergenW. Howard GreeneMuseum Of Modern Art Department Of FilmMack SennettWalt DisneyDeanna DurbinMickey RooneyGordon JenningsJan DomelaFarciot EdouartLoyal GriggsLoren L. RyderLouis MesenkopOliver T. MarshHarry WarnerDouglas FairbanksJudy GarlandWilliam Cameron MenziesMotion Picture & Television FundJean HersholtRalph MorganRalph BlockConrad NagelTechnicolor SABob HopeNathan LevinsonWalt DisneyWilliam GarityRCALeopold StokowskiMinistry Of Information (United Kingdom)Charles BoyerNoël CowardMetro-Goldwyn-MayerGeorge PalBob HopeMargaret O'BrienDaniel J. BloombergWalter WangerThe House I Live In (1945 Film)Peggy Ann GarnerHarold RussellLaurence OlivierErnst LubitschClaude Jarman Jr.James BaskettThomas ArmatWilliam Nicholas SeligAlbert E. Smith (producer)George Kirke SpoorBill And CooShoeshine (film)Walter WangerMonsieur VincentSid GraumanAdolph ZukorJean HersholtFred AstaireCecil B. DeMilleBicycle ThievesLouis B. MayerGeorge MurphyThe Walls Of MalapagaGene KellyRashomonMerian C. CooperBob HopeHarold LloydJoseph M. SchenckForbidden Games20th Century FoxBell & HowellJoseph BreenPete Smith (film Producer)Bausch & LombDanny KayeGreta GarboJon WhiteleyVincent WinterGate Of Hell (film)Samurai I: Musashi MiyamotoEddie CantorSociety Of Motion Picture And Television EngineersBroncho Billy AndersonCharles BrackettB. B. KahaneMaurice ChevalierBuster KeatonLee De ForestGary CooperStan LaurelHayley MillsWilliam L. HendricksJerome RobbinsWilliam J. TuttleBob HopeYakima CanuttY. Frank FreemanArthur FreedJohn Chambers (make-up Artist)Onna WhiteCary GrantLillian GishOrson WellesCharlie ChaplinEdward G. RobinsonHenri LangloisGroucho MarxHoward HawksJean RenoirMary PickfordMargaret BoothWalter LantzLaurence OlivierKing VidorMuseum Of Modern ArtAlec GuinnessHenry FondaBarbara StanwyckMickey RooneyHal RoachJames StewartNational Endowment For The ArtsPaul NewmanAlex NorthRalph BellamyKodakNational Film Board Of CanadaAkira KurosawaSophia LorenMyrna LoySatyajit RayFederico FelliniDeborah KerrMichelangelo AntonioniKirk DouglasChuck JonesMichael KiddStanley DonenElia KazanAndrzej WajdaJack CardiffErnest LehmanSidney PoitierRobert RedfordPeter O'TooleBlake EdwardsSidney LumetRobert AltmanEnnio MorriconeRobert F. BoyleLauren BacallRoger CormanGordon WillisKevin BrownlowJean-Luc GodardEli WallachJames Earl JonesDick Smith (make-up Artist)D. A. PennebakerHal NeedhamGeorge Stevens Jr.Angela LansburySteve MartinPiero TosiJean-Claude CarrièreHayao MiyazakiMaureen O'HaraSpike LeeGena RowlandsJackie ChanLynn StalmasterAnne V. CoatesFrederick WisemanCharles Burnett (director)Owen RoizmanDonald SutherlandAgnès VardaHelp:Authority ControlVirtual International Authority FileLibrary Of Congress Control NumberInternational Standard Name IdentifierIntegrated Authority FileLIBRISSystème Universitaire De DocumentationBibliothèque Nationale De FranceNational Library Of AustraliaNational Diet LibraryNational Library Of The Czech RepublicBiblioteca Nacional De EspañaInstitute For Advanced Technology In The HumanitiesHelp:CategoryCategory:D. W. GriffithCategory:1875 BirthsCategory:1948 DeathsCategory:American Film DirectorsCategory:American Film ProducersCategory:Cinema PioneersCategory:Academy Honorary Award RecipientsCategory:American Film Production Company FoundersCategory:Hollywood History And CultureCategory:Silent Film DirectorsCategory:Western (genre) Film DirectorsCategory:Artists From Los AngelesCategory:Artists From Louisville, KentuckyCategory:American MethodistsCategory:Burials In KentuckyCategory:Neurological Disease Deaths In The United StatesCategory:People From Oldham County, KentuckyCategory:United ArtistsCategory:Webarchive Template Wayback LinksCategory:Use Mdy Dates From December 2016Category:Articles With HCardsCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From May 2012Category:All Articles With Specifically Marked Weasel-worded PhrasesCategory:Articles With Specifically Marked Weasel-worded Phrases From January 2017Category:Articles Needing Additional References From December 2016Category:All Articles Needing Additional ReferencesCategory:Articles With Internet Archive LinksCategory:Articles With LibriVox LinksCategory:Wikipedia Articles With VIAF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With LCCN IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With ISNI IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With GND IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With SELIBR IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With BNF IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With NLA IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With SNAC-ID IdentifiersCategory:Wikipedia Articles With PIC IdentifiersCategory:Articles Containing Video ClipsDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



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