Contents 1 Local ingredients 2 Sandwiches, burgers, and fast food 3 Latino influences 4 Shellfish and seafood 5 Asian and Oceanian influences 6 Fusion cuisine 7 California-style pizza 8 Barbecue 9 Gourmet food products 10 In the media 11 References 12 External links

Local ingredients[edit] A varied range of micro-climates, dominated by a mild Mediterranean climate, and health-conscious diets and lifestyles in California, promote the production, use and consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables and meats, many of them organic. In Northern California, with wine country nearby, French, Italian, and Mediterranean inspired food is prominent, as well as Asian-inspired fare. Many of the restaurants, cafes, bistros, and grills use ingredients sourced from local growers and farmers' markets.[1][2] The California coast, especially the North Coast and Central Coast regions, is a source of seafood, which is a staple in the California diet. Battered and fried foods are not as common in California as they are in other regions, but there are several exceptions, such as fish tacos, tempura and french fries. The agricultural diversity of California's Central Valley provides fresh produce in the state. On less than 1 percent of the total farmland in the US, the Central Valley produces 8 percent of the nation's agricultural output by value.[3] Sunset, a magazine of the West published in California, has featured recipes that have influenced the cuisine of California, including the promotion of outdoor eating.

Sandwiches, burgers, and fast food[edit] Further information: Drive-in and Drive-through An In-N-Out "Double-Double" cheeseburger with french fries in a cardboard box for consumption in a car Southern California's car culture and the population's reliance on automobiles for transportation throughout California's vast cities, has widely contributed to the popularity of the classic drive-in and modern drive-thru restaurants. Restaurant chains such as McDonald's,[4] Jack in the Box,[5] In-N-Out Burger,[6] Carl's Jr.,[7] Wienerschnitzel,[8] Del Taco,[9] Taco Bell,[10] Panda Express,[11] Original Tommy's,[12] Fatburger,[13] and Big Boy[14] were all established in Southern California . Regional fast food menus differ, generally depending on the ethnic composition of an area. In Southern California, smaller chains like The Hat feature hamburgers, Mexican food, chili fries, and pastrami. While gastropubs are not unique in California, the concept of the gourmet burger is very popular.

Latino influences[edit] Because of California's mostly colonial Spanish roots, Mexican territorial history, and its original population consisting of Meso-Americans, Spanish colonizers and Mexican ranchers, Mexican and Spanish-origin cuisine is very influential and popular in California, particularly Southern California.[15] Commercial taquería-style Mexican fast food, consisting of offerings such as burritos, refried beans, tortas, tacos, nachos, quesadillas is widely popular. Taquerías can be found throughout California. Traditional Mexican food, while not as common as commercial food, is still widely prepared and abundant in the ethnic Mexican American border communities of San Diego, the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the San Francisco Bay Area, and in Mexican-American enclaves throughout California. Examples of these foods include tamales, tortillas, tostadas, mole, menudo, pozole, sopes, chile relleno and enchiladas. In addition to Mexican food, California restaurants serve up nearly every variation of Central American food there is. For example, pupuserías are common in areas with a large population of Salvadorans (pupusas are stuffed tortillas from El Salvador).[16] More recently, "Fresh Mex" or "Baja-style" Mexican food, which places an emphasis on fresh ingredients and sometimes seafood, inspired by Baja California fare, is highly popular. El Pollo Loco, a fast food chain that originated in Northern Mexico, is a common sight. Rubio's Fresh Mexican Grill, Baja Fresh, Wahoo's Fish Taco, Chronic Tacos, Chipotle, Qdoba and La Salsa are examples of the Baja-style Mexican American food trend.

Shellfish and seafood[edit] Dungeness crab ready to eat at Fisherman's Wharf in San Francisco In Northern California and the Central Coastal region, Dungeness crab is abundant. Sardines and Salmon were formerly major industries, before declines in fish stocks.[17][18]

Asian and Oceanian influences[edit] As one of the U.S. states nearest Asia and Oceania, and with long-standing Asian American and Oceanian American populations, the state tends to adopt foods from those national styles.[19] The American sushi craze undoubtedly began in California; the term 'California roll' is used to describe sushi with avocado as a primary ingredient. These days, items like mochi ice cream and boba are popular.

Fusion cuisine[edit] See also: California cuisine Fusion cuisine is quite popular in California.[20] The emphasis of California Cuisine is on the use of fresh, local ingredients which are often acquired daily at farmers markets. Menus are changed to accommodate the availability of ingredients in season. Some restaurants create a new menu daily. California chef Wolfgang Puck is known as one of the pioneers of fusion cuisine, popularizing such dishes as Chinese chicken salad at the restaurant Ma Maison in Los Angeles. His restaurant "Chinois" in Santa Monica was named after the term attributed to Richard Wing, who in the 1960s combined French and Chinese cooking at the former Imperial Dynasty restaurant in Hanford, California.[21]

California-style pizza[edit] Pizza topped with egg from the Chez Panisse cafe California-style pizza focuses on non-traditional pizza ingredients, such as fresh produce and barbecued meats. First popularized by Wolfgang Puck's Spago restaurants, it was later brought to the masses by restaurants such as California Pizza Kitchen.[22]

Barbecue[edit] Main article: Santa Maria-style barbecue Barbecue has been a part of California cuisine since the Mexicans cooked beef in pit barbecues on ranches in the 1840s. Santa Maria is famous for the Tri-tip, a special kind of beef cut that can be grilled, baked, braised, or roasted.[23] California's barbecue style is also influenced by the regional Southwestern American styles of Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Oklahoma, brought on by thousands of Dust-Bowl migrants. Chicken, beef ribs, sausages, and steaks are also routinely grilled or smoked in a pit. The barbecue sauce used in this state is tomato-based,[24] as with all other western states. Santa Maria barbecue, however, uses no sauce, relying instead on the flavor of the tri-tip and the slow live oak fire over which it is cooked. Pork baby back ribs are popular for barbecue in the Western region in comparison to the popular use of spare ribs in the Southern United States.

Gourmet food products[edit] Many gourmet food products and companies had their start in California, including Peet's Coffee & Tea, one of the first purveyors of arabica coffee beans in the United States.[25]

In the media[edit] The Migrant Kitchen[26][27] is a five-part documentary series highlighting the ethnic cuisines and immigrants that have shaped—and continue to shape—the city of Los Angeles. Created in 2016, the series won a 2017 Emmy,[28] and was nominated for a 2017 Webby Award[29] and a 2017 James Beard Award.[30] says that The Migrant Kitchen "explores Los Angeles' sprawling culinary landscape from a never-before-seen perspective -- immigrants."[31] Adriana Maestas of Paste magazine says that "From fine dining to casual eateries, viewers [of The Migrant Kitchen] get to learn firsthand how the migrant experience has shaped one of the largest dining meccas in the world."[32] San Francisco PBS affiliate KQED (TV), in a press release, identified this series on "migrant chefs" as "celebrating California" and "[reflecting] the diverse perspectives of our communities."[33]

References[edit] ^ Vileisis, Ann (2008). Kitchen Literacy: How We Lost Knowledge of Where Food Comes from and Why We Need to Get It Back. Island Press. ISBN 9781597263733. Waters forged relationships between farmers and other chefs throughout northern California to create a regional supply network.  ^ Weir, Joanne (2008-08-01). Wine Country Cooking. Ten Speed Press. p. 5. ISBN 9781580089388. It's taking an extra moment to really savor ... a lunch based on luscious fresh vegetables from your own garden or bought at your local farmer's market.  ^ "California's Central Valley". USGS California Water Science Center. United States Geological Survey. 2017-03-20. Retrieved 2017-06-13. Using fewer than 1% of U.S. farmland, the Central Valley supplies 8% of U.S. agricultural output (by value) and produces 1/4 of the Nation's food, including 40% of the Nation's fruits, nuts, and other table foods.  ^ "TODAY IN HISTORY: Original McDonald's opened in San Bernardino in 1940". The Press-Enterprise. 2016-05-15. Retrieved 2017-06-13.  ^ "Our Company". Jack in the Box. Retrieved 2017-06-13. In 1951, a businessman named Robert O. Peterson opened the first Jack in the Box restaurant in San Diego  ^ "Replica of the First In-N-Out Burger". Retrieved 2017-06-13. In-N-Out Burger was started in Baldwin Park [California] in 1948 by Harry and Esther Snyder.  ^ "CKE Restaurants - History". CKE Restaurants. Retrieved 2017-06-13. In 1956, Carl expanded his business by opening the first two Carl's Jr. restaurants in Anaheim and nearby Brea.  ^ "1938-2013: John Galardi, founder of Wienerschnitzel, opened first stand in Wilmington". Daily Breeze. Associated Press. 2013-04-15. Retrieved 2017-06-13. John Galardi, who opened his first Wienerschnitzel hot dog stand in Wilmington [California] in 1961  ^ "Del Taco - History". Del Taco. Retrieved 2017-06-13. Ed Hackbarth and David Jameson opened the first Del Taco in Yermo, CA in 1964.  ^ Luna, Nancy (2015-11-18). "Saved from the wrecking ball: Taco Bell to relocate original 1962 Downey food stand to Irvine". Orange County Register. Retrieved 2017-06-13. Glen Bell opened the first Taco Bell March 21, 1962 at 7126 Firestone Blvd. in Downey [California].  ^ Greenfeld, Karl Taro (18 November 2010). "General Tso, Meet Steven Covey". Bloomberg Businessweek. Bloomberg, L.P. Retrieved 2017-06-13. In 1983 he opened the first Panda Express in the Glendale Galleria mall.  ^ Kallas, Anne (2011-12-15). "Original Tommy's opens in Ventura". Ventura County Star. Retrieved 2017-06-14. Original Tommy's was founded in 1946 by Tom Koulax, and the first stand opened at Beverly and Rampart boulevards in Los Angeles.  ^ "Founder of Fatburger has died". KABC-TV. 2008-02-02. Retrieved 2017-06-14. Lovie Yancey, who started Fatburger in South Los Angeles in 1947  ^ Slavin, Barbara (1978-08-10). "Drive-ins and carhops are things of the past". The Day. New London, Connecticut. New York Times News Service. p. 5. Retrieved 2017-06-13. the California-based chain Bob's Big Boy -- a chain whose founder, the late Bob Wian, is generally credited with opening the first drive-in restaurant on Aug. 6, 1936, in Glendale  ^ Oden, Barrett (2016-11-21). "Fry Bread, Casinos and Mexican Cuisine: Native American Food in California". LA Weekly (Interview). Interview with Katherine Spiers. Retrieved 2017-06-13.  ^ Villanueva, Ivan (2014-08-12). "A View From Within: Salvadorans in America". Retrieved 2017-06-13. Consequently, there are more Salvadorans in Los Angeles than any other place in the world outside of El Salvador  ^ Tucker, Abigail (October 2008). "On California's Coast, Farewell to the King Salmon". Smithsonian.  ^ Kinney, Aaron (April 15, 2015). "California salmon outlook is good for 2015, ominous in the long run". Santa Cruz Sentinel.  ^ Wang, Oliver (2015-11-11). "We Are What We Eat: Asian Americans and Food". PBS. Retrieved 2017-06-13.  ^ Bowers, Sharon. "California Fusion". Archived from the original on 2001-04-07.  ^ Khokha, Sasha (2005-07-15). "In Rural California, an Imperial Dynasty Ends". National Public Radio.  ^ Lauriston, Robert (2007-09-26). "Pizza Smackdown: SoCal chain goes head to head with hometown favorite". SF Weekly. Archived from the original on 2007-12-25. Retrieved 2017-06-13.  ^ Morris, Jim (July–August 2007). "Legendary barbecue". California Country magazine. Sacramento, California: California Farm Bureau Federation. Retrieved 2017-06-13.  ^ Westerman, Kim (2015-08-14). "Bay Area Bites Guide to the 10 Best American-Style Barbecue Joints in the East Bay". KQED. Retrieved 2017-06-13. The homemade sauces, hot and mild, are tomato based.  ^ Marshall, Carolyn (2007-09-03). "Alfred H. Peet, 87, Dies; Leader of a Coffee Revolution". The New York Times. Mr. Peet, often called the 'grandfather of specialty coffee,' started his business in Berkeley, Calif., in 1966  ^ "The Migrant Kitchen". KCET. Archived from the original on 2017-06-19. Retrieved 2017-06-12.  ^ "The Migrant Kitchen: Documentary: TV Series (2016- )". IMDb. Archived from the original on 2017-02-13. Retrieved 2017-06-12.  ^ Goodell, Stephanie (2017-07-22). "Winners of the 69th Los Angeles Area Emmy Awards Announced" (PDF) (Press release). NoHo Arts District, Los Angeles: Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-08-01. Retrieved 2017-08-01.  ^ "The Migrant Kitchen". The Webby Awards. 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-06-13. Retrieved 2017-06-12.  ^ "James Beard Award Nominees". James Beard Foundation. 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-06-13. Retrieved 2017-06-12.  ^ "Must Watch: 'The Migrant Kitchen'". 2016-10-04. Archived from the original on 2017-06-13. Retrieved 2017-06-12.  ^ Maestas, Adriana (2016-10-24). "'The Migrant Kitchen' Shows the Real Life of Immigrants in L.A. Kitchens". Paste. Archived from the original on 2017-06-13. Retrieved 2017-06-12.  ^ "KQED's Truly CA Announces 12th Season of Films Celebrating California". KQED (TV). 2017-05-18. Archived from the original on 2017-06-13. Retrieved 2017-06-12. 

External links[edit] Cuisine of California at Wikibook Cookbooks Media related to Cuisine of California at Wikimedia Commons California portal Food portal v t e Cuisine of the United States Historical Cuisine of the Thirteen Colonies Thanksgiving dinner Regional List of regional dishes of the United States Allentown, Pennsylvania Appalachia California Cincinnati Kentucky Hawaii Mid-Atlantic Midwestern Chicago New England New Jersey New Mexico New Orleans New York City Omaha Pacific Northwest Philadelphia Puerto Rico Southern St. Louis Cajun Creole Lowcountry Texas Barbecue in Texas Tex-Mex Floribbean Southwest Western Ethnic American Chinese Greek American Soul food Native American Pennsylvania Dutch Asian Indian American Italian American Tlingit List articles American foods American breads American cheeses American desserts American regional and fusion cuisines American sandwiches Foods of the Southern United States Soul foods and dishes Miscellaneous Barbecue Christmas food Fast food Retrieved from "" Categories: Food and drink in CaliforniaCalifornia cultureCuisine of the Western United StatesHidden categories: Wikipedia introduction cleanup from October 2015All pages needing cleanupArticles covered by WikiProject Wikify from October 2015All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages Português Edit links This page was last edited on 24 December 2017, at 21:44. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.392","walltime":"0.486","ppvisitednodes":{"value":1850,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":100183,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":577,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":11,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":2,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 395.838 1 -total"," 51.34% 203.216 1 Template:Reflist"," 13.22% 52.330 14 Template:Cite_news"," 11.82% 46.779 1 Template:Lead_too_short"," 11.34% 44.890 2 Template:Cite_book"," 11.31% 44.770 12 Template:Cite_web"," 10.12% 40.063 1 Template:Ambox"," 7.78% 30.778 1 Template:American_cuisine"," 7.31% 28.936 1 Template:About"," 7.00% 27.719 1 Template:Sidebar_with_collapsible_lists"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.192","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":5443551,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1320","timestamp":"20180219031044","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":596,"wgHostname":"mw1320"});});

Cuisine_of_California - Photos and All Basic Informations

Cuisine_of_California More Links

California CuisineWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Lead SectionWikipedia:Summary StyleWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Lead SectionTalk:Cuisine Of CaliforniaEnlargeShrimpTostada (tortilla)Oakland, CaliforniaCuisine Of The United StatesCuisine Of New EnglandCuisine Of New JerseyCuisine Of New York CityCuisine Of PhiladelphiaCuisine Of The Midwestern United StatesCuisine Of ChicagoCuisine Of North DakotaCuisine Of OmahaSt. Louis CuisineCuisine Of The Mid-Atlantic StatesCulture Of BaltimoreCuisine Of PittsburghCuisine Of The Southern United StatesList Of Foods Of The Southern United StatesCajun CuisineFloribbean CuisineCuisine Of KentuckyLouisiana Creole CuisineLowcountry CuisineCuisine Of New OrleansSoul FoodList Of Soul Foods And DishesTexan CuisineTex-MexCuisine Of The Western United StatesCalifornia CuisinePacific Northwest CuisineRocky Mountain CuisineCuisine Of The Southwestern United StatesNew Mexican CuisineCuisine Of HawaiiUnited States Military RationPuerto Rican CuisineRoadkill CuisineTailgate PartyCuisine Of The Thirteen ColoniesCuisine Of Antebellum AmericaChuckwagonCulinary RevolutionList Of American FoodsNorthern Highbush BlueberryMaizeOkraPecanPotatoPumpkinSunflower SeedBarbecue In The United StatesKansas City-style BarbecueMemphis-style BarbecueBarbecue In North CarolinaBarbecue In OklahomaSanta Maria-style BarbecueSt. Louis-style BarbecueBarbecue In TexasFast FoodFusion CuisineNew American CuisinePizza In The United StatesAmerican Chinese CuisineGreek-American CuisineItalian-American CuisineAnglo-Indian CuisineJewish CuisineNative American CuisineCuisine Of The Pennsylvania DutchTlingit CuisineScandinavian CuisineList Of Christmas DishesThanksgiving DinnerPortal:United StatesPortal:FoodTemplate:American CuisineTemplate Talk:American CuisineCaliforniaMediterranean ClimateOrganic FoodsWine Country (California)French CuisineItalian CuisineMediterranean CuisineCalifornia CoastCalifornia North CoastCalifornia Central CoastFish TacoTempuraFrench FriesCentral Valley (California)Sunset (magazine)Drive-inDrive-throughEnlargeIn N Out BurgerSouthern CaliforniaCar CultureDrive-inDrive-thruMcDonald'sJack In The Box (restaurant)In-N-Out BurgerCarl's Jr.WienerschnitzelDel TacoTaco BellPanda ExpressOriginal Tommy'sFatburgerBig Boy (restaurant)The HatPastramiGastropubSpanish Missions In CaliforniaAlta CaliforniaAmerindiansSpanish Colonization Of The AmericasCalifornioTaqueríaBurritoRefried BeansTortaTacoNachosQuesadillaTaqueríaMexican CuisineMexican AmericanSan Diego – Tijuana Metropolitan AreaSan DiegoLos AngelesSan Francisco Bay AreaTamaleTortillaTostada (tortilla)Mole (sauce)Menudo (soup)PozoleSopesChile RellenoEnchiladaPupusaTortillaEl SalvadorBaja CaliforniaEl Pollo LocoRubio's Fresh Mexican GrillBaja FreshWahoo's Fish TacoChipotle Mexican GrillQdobaLa SalsaEnlargeFisherman's Wharf, San Francisco, CaliforniaSan Francisco, CaliforniaNorthern CaliforniaCentral Coast Of CaliforniaDungeness CrabSardineSalmonU.S. StateAsiaOceaniaAsian AmericanPacific Islander AmericanSushiCalifornia RollMochi Ice CreamBubble TeaCalifornia CuisineFusion CuisineChefWolfgang PuckMa MaisonImperial Dynasty RestaurantHanford, CaliforniaEnlargePizzaCalifornia-style PizzaCalifornia Pizza KitchenSanta Maria-style BarbecueBarbecueRanchSanta Maria, CaliforniaTri-tipBeefBarbecuePit BarbecueBarbecue SauceBaby Back RibsSpare RibsSouthern United StatesPeet's Coffee & TeaArabica CoffeeEmmy AwardWebby AwardJames Beard Foundation AwardMartha StewartPaste (magazine)San FranciscoPBSKQED (TV)Island PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781597263733Ten Speed PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9781580089388United States Geological SurveyThe Press-EnterpriseJack In The BoxRoadsideAmerica.comCKE RestaurantsDaily BreezeAssociated PressDel TacoOrange County RegisterBloomberg BusinessweekVentura County StarKABC-TVThe Day (New London)New London, ConnecticutLA WeeklyRoss DouthatSmithsonian (magazine)PBSNational Public RadioSF WeeklySacramento, CaliforniaKQEDThe New York TimesKCETIMDbNoHo Arts District, Los AngelesAcademy Of Television Arts & SciencesWebby AwardJames Beard FoundationMartha StewartPaste (magazine)KQED (TV)Wikibooks:Cookbook:Cuisine Of CaliforniaCommons:Category:Cuisine Of CaliforniaPortal:CaliforniaPortal:FoodTemplate:Cuisine Of The United StatesTemplate Talk:Cuisine Of The United StatesCuisine Of The United StatesCuisine Of The Thirteen ColoniesThanksgiving DinnerList Of Regional Dishes Of The United StatesCuisine Of Allentown, PennsylvaniaCuisine Of The Southern United StatesCincinnati ChiliCuisine Of KentuckyCuisine Of HawaiiCuisine Of The Mid-Atlantic StatesCuisine Of The Midwestern United StatesCulture Of ChicagoCuisine Of New EnglandCuisine Of New JerseyNew Mexican CuisineCuisine Of New OrleansCuisine Of New York CityCuisine Of OmahaPacific Northwest CuisineCuisine Of PhiladelphiaPuerto Rican CuisineCuisine Of The Southern United StatesSt. Louis CuisineCajun CuisineLouisiana Creole CuisineLowcountry CuisineTexan CuisineBarbecue In TexasTex-MexFloribbean CuisineCuisine Of The Southwestern United StatesCuisine Of The Western United StatesAmerican Chinese CuisineGreek-American CuisineSoul FoodNative American CuisineCuisine Of The Pennsylvania DutchAnglo-Indian CuisineItalian-American CuisineTlingit CuisineList Of American FoodsList Of American BreadsList Of American CheesesList Of American DessertsList Of American Regional And Fusion CuisinesList Of American SandwichesList Of Foods Of The Southern United StatesList Of Soul Foods And DishesBarbecueList Of Christmas DishesFast FoodHelp:CategoryCategory:Food And Drink In CaliforniaCategory:California CultureCategory:Cuisine Of The Western United StatesCategory:Wikipedia Introduction Cleanup From October 2015Category:All Pages Needing CleanupCategory:Articles Covered By WikiProject Wikify From October 2015Category:All Articles Covered By WikiProject WikifyDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link