Contents 1 History 1.1 Prehistoric sites 1.2 Historic trails or byways 1.3 1959 U-2 emergency landing 2 Geography 3 Economy 4 Climate 5 Demographics 6 Education 7 Transportation 8 Notable people 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] Entrance of Montezuma County Courthouse in Cortez. In 1886, the town was built to provide housing for the men working on the tunnels and irrigation ditches required to divert water out of the Dolores River and into Montezuma Valley.[6] The town was named for Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés.[7] It is a popular stop for tourists, who stay there because of its central location among surrounding attractions, such as Mesa Verde National Park, Monument Valley, and the Four Corners. Prehistoric sites[edit] There are many prehistoric sites in the Cortez area, listed on the Colorado State Register of Historic Properties or both the state register and the National Register of Historic Places: They include large parks or centers, such as Crow Canyon Archaeological Center, Hovenweep National Monument, and Mesa Verde National Park. There are also smaller or individuals sites, such as Cowboy Wash, Hawkins Pueblo and cliff dwellings, Lowry Ruin, Mitchell Springs Archeological Site, also known as the Mitchell Springs Ruin Group, Mud Springs Pueblo, and Yucca House National Monument. Within the McElmo Drainage Unit (AD 1075-1300) is Cannonball Ruins, Maxwell Community, Roy's Ruin, Sand Canyon Archaeological District, and Wallace Ruin.[8][9] See also: List of prehistoric sites in Colorado Historic trails or byways[edit] There following are trails or byways through the Cortez area: Old Spanish National Historic Trail San Juan Skyway National Scenic Byway Trail of the Ancients 1959 U-2 emergency landing[edit] A Lockheed U-2 reconnaissance aircraft made an emergency nighttime forced landing August 3, 1959, at the Cortez Municipal Airport.[10] Major H. Mike Hua (now retired as General)[11] was on a training flight originating at Laughlin AFB, Texas; the U-2 aircraft engine flamed out at 70,000 feet MSL. Maj. Hua established best glide and was able to navigate through a valley to a lighted airport that wasn't on his map nor did he know of its existence beforehand. The airport was the only one in the area with a lighted runway which was illuminated overnight.[10]

Geography[edit] Cortez is located at 37°20′57″N 108°34′45″W / 37.34917°N 108.57917°W / 37.34917; -108.57917 (37.349270, -108.579225).[12] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14 km2), of which 5.5 square miles (14 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.36%) is water. Cortez is located in the area of the southwest known as the "High Desert", as are most of northwestern, western, southwestern, and southern Colorado.

Economy[edit] View looking SE of Main Street in Cortez, with the cliff faces of the Mesa Verde visible in the distance. Cortez is a local commercial center, competing with Durango in the east, and Farmington, New Mexico in the south, and draws trade from southeastern Utah, the extreme northeastern corner of Arizona, the Shiprock area of Northwestern New Mexico, and San Miquel, Dolores, Montezuma, and parts of LaPlata County in Colorado. Its economy is based very heavily on tourism, both to nearby Mesa Verde National Park as well as to San Juan National Forest, Bureau of Land Management (BLM) lands in the area (including Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, as well as the Ute Mountain Ute Tribe and Navajo Indian Reservations). Mesa Verde National Park, featuring Ancient Pueblo cliff dwellings, is situated southeast of Cortez.

Climate[edit] Cortez has a cold and continental semi-arid climate with hot summer days and cold winter nights, the latter a result of its elevation. Climate data for Cortez, Colorado Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 63 (17) 78 (26) 80 (27) 88 (31) 95 (35) 100 (38) 102 (39) 99 (37) 96 (36) 86 (30) 72 (22) 65 (18) 102 (39) Average high °F (°C) 41 (5) 46 (8) 53 (12) 62 (17) 72 (22) 83 (28) 89 (32) 86 (30) 79 (26) 67 (19) 52 (11) 42 (6) 64 (18) Average low °F (°C) 12 (−11) 18 (−8) 25 (−4) 29 (−2) 37 (3) 46 (8) 53 (12) 51 (11) 44 (7) 33 (1) 22 (−6) 14 (−10) 32 (0) Record low °F (°C) −27 (−33) −31 (−35) −15 (−26) 6 (−14) 17 (−8) 27 (−3) 37 (3) 36 (2) 23 (−5) 12 (−11) −14 (−26) −22 (−30) −31 (−35) Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.01 (25.7) 0.95 (24.1) 1.37 (34.8) 0.90 (22.9) 1.01 (25.7) 0.43 (10.9) 1.23 (31.2) 1.37 (34.8) 1.31 (33.3) 1.55 (39.4) 1.18 (30) 0.90 (22.9) 13.21 (335.7) Average snowfall inches (cm) 17.8 (45.2) 13.5 (34.3) 13.2 (33.5) 3.8 (9.7) 0.5 (1.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1.2 (3) 5.9 (15) 17.6 (44.7) 73.5 (186.7) Source #1: [13] Source #2: [14]

Demographics[edit] Historical population Census Pop. %± 1890 332 — 1900 125 −62.3% 1910 565 352.0% 1920 541 −4.2% 1930 921 70.2% 1940 1,778 93.1% 1950 2,680 50.7% 1960 6,764 152.4% 1970 6,032 −10.8% 1980 7,095 17.6% 1990 7,284 2.7% 2000 7,977 9.5% 2010 8,482 6.3% Est. 2016 9,007 [4] 6.2% U.S. Decennial Census[15] As of the census[16] of 2010, there were 8,482 people, 3,590 households, and 2,234 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,449.9 people per square mile (560.0/km²). There were 3,885 housing units at an average density of 637.6 per square mile (246.3/km²). The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male (4,083) and 51.9% female (4,399). The racial makeup of the city was 79.2% White, 0.4% African American, 11.8% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 6.04% from other races, and 2.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.30% of the population. There were 3,590 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.92. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $28,776, and the median income for a family was $35,533. Males had a median income of $30,755 versus $20,280 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,040. About 14.8% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 17.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit] Cortez Public Schools are part of the Montezuma-Cortez School District RE-1. The district has one preschool, five elementary schools, one middle school and one high school. The educational system is currently suffering a loss of 1.6% according to the Transitional Colorado Assessment Program. Montezuma-Cortez RE-1 Pre-School, Kemper Elementary School, Lewis-Arriola Elementary School, Manaugh Elementary School, Mesa Elementary Schools, Pleasant View Elementary School, Cortez Middle School and Montezuma-Cortez High School are located in Cortez. The high school mascot is the Panthers. Alex Carter is the Superintendent of Schools.[17]

Transportation[edit] Cortez Municipal Airport serves Cortez.

Notable people[edit] Eli Tomac, motocross champion. Scott Tipton, U.S. House of Representatives - Colorado's 3rd District William B. Ebbert, popular rancher and politician, represented Cortez in the Colorado General Assembly in early 20th century. Michael Milenski, Cortez native who was founder and general director of Long Beach Opera.

See also[edit] Geography portal North America portal United States portal Colorado portal Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles Four Corners

References[edit] ^ "2014 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Places". United States Census Bureau. July 1, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2015.  ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. 2007-12-03. Archived from the original on 2010-11-23. Retrieved 2007-12-03.  ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 25, 2017.  ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.  ^ "History of Cortez". The City of Cortez. Archived from the original on 2012-05-14. Retrieved 2012-06-07.  ^ Dawson, John Frank. Place names in Colorado: why 700 communities were so named, 150 of Spanish or Indian origin. Denver, CO: The J. Frank Dawson Publishing Co. p. 15.  ^ National Register of Historic Places in Montezuma County, Colorado American Dreams, Inc. Retrieved 2011-10-7. ^ National & State Registers. Archived 2012-04-24 at the Wayback Machine. Colorado Historical Society, Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 10-7-2011. ^ a b "1959 "alien landing" was an ROC pilot in a spy plane 「外星人登陸」? U2機台灣駕駛啦!". Taipei Times. February 27, 2010. Retrieved June 12, 2013.  ^ "2009 Cortez Aviation Heritage Celebration". Cortez Aviation Heritage Society. Retrieved June 12, 2013.  ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ "Historic Averages for Cortez, Colorado". Retrieved 2017-07-04.  ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 4, 2013.  ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ "Montezuma-Cortez School District RE-1". Montezuma-Cortez School District RE-1. Archived from the original on 2012-07-24. Retrieved 2014-03-10. 

External links[edit] Cortez Fire Protection District City of Cortez website CDOT map of the City of Cortez v t e Municipalities and communities of Montezuma County, Colorado, United States County seat: Cortez City Cortez Towns Dolores Mancos CDP Lewis Towaoc Unincorporated communities Arriola Lebanon Pleasant View Stoner Yellow Jacket Indian reservation Southern Ute Indian Reservation v t e  State of Colorado Denver (capital) Topics Index Coloradans Elections Federal lands Geography Government Highways History Timeline Images Law Military Mountains Museums Public Defender Paleontology Rivers Symbols Transportation Tourist attractions Seal of Colorado Society Crime Culture Demographics Economy Education Politics Sports Regions Central Colorado Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area Eastern Plains Front Range Grand Valley High Plains High Rockies Mineral Belt Northern Colorado Northwestern Colorado Piedmont Plateau Roan Plateau Roaring Fork Valley San Luis Valley Sangre de Cristo Mountains South-Central Colorado Southwest Colorado Uinta Mountains Uintah Basin Western Slope Municipalities Akron Alamosa Arvada Aspen Aurora Boulder Breckenridge Brighton Broomfield Cañon City Castle Rock Centennial Colorado Springs Commerce City Cortez Craig Delta Denver Durango Englewood Erie Evans Fairplay Federal Heights Fort Collins Fort Morgan Fountain Golden Glenwood Springs Grand Junction Greeley Greenwood Village Gunnison La Junta Lafayette Lakewood Lamar Leadville Littleton Longmont Louisville Loveland Montrose Northglenn Parker Platteville Pueblo Salida Steamboat Springs Sterling Superior Thornton Trinidad Vail Westminster Wheat Ridge Windsor Counties Adams Alamosa Arapahoe Archuleta Baca Bent Boulder Broomfield Chaffee Cheyenne Clear Creek Conejos Costilla Crowley Custer Delta Denver Dolores Douglas Eagle El Paso Elbert Fremont Garfield Gilpin Grand Gunnison Hinsdale Huerfano Jackson Jefferson Kiowa Kit Carson La Plata Lake Larimer Las Animas Lincoln Logan Mesa Mineral Moffat Montezuma Montrose Morgan Otero Ouray Park Phillips Pitkin Prowers Pueblo Rio Blanco Rio Grande Routt Saguache San Juan San Miguel Sedgwick Summit Teller Washington Weld Yuma Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 127830555 LCCN: n79083598 GND: 4438403-8 Retrieved from ",_Colorado&oldid=826206738" Categories: Cities in Montezuma County, ColoradoCities in ColoradoCounty seats in ColoradoPopulated places established in 18861886 establishments in ColoradoHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksCoordinates on WikidataWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiers

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