Contents 1 Terminology 2 Authority 3 Communes and cities 4 Former communes 5 Evolution of communes 6 See also 7 References


Terminology[edit] Luxembourg has three official languages: French, German, and the national language Luxembourgish. Some government websites also offer English versions[3][4] Language Type name (sg./pl.) Luxembourgish Gemeng/Gemengen [5][6] French commune/communes [7][8][9] German Gemeinde/Gemeinden [10][11][12]


Authority[edit] The communes have no legislative control over matters relating to the national interest, which reside solely with the Chamber of Deputies. Below this level, however, they have wide-ranging powers. The communes provide public education, maintain the local road network and other infrastructure, ensure basic public health, and provide most social security.[2] Communes also have discretionary powers for comprehensive health care (including maintenance of hospitals and clinics) within their borders, land-use planning, funds for culturral activities, provision of care to the elderly, and providing a sufficient supply of water, gas, and electricity.[2]


Communes and cities[edit] The cities of Luxembourg, colored in orange. Main articles: List of communes of Luxembourg and List of cities in Luxembourg There are currently 105 communes in the 12 cantons. The 12 communes with city status are Diekirch, Differdange, Dudelange, Echternach, Esch-sur-Alzette, Ettelbruck, Grevenmacher, Luxembourg, Remich, Rumelange, Vianden, and Wiltz.[13]


Former communes[edit] Since the country's creation in 1839, eight communes have changed their name and thirty-nine communes have been merged, resulting in the 102 communes that exist today. These defunct communes are listed in the table below. Name Year dissolved Reason Arsdorf 1979 merged to form Rambrouch Asselborn 1978 merged to form Wincrange Bascharage 2011 merged to form Käerjeng Bastendorf 2006 merged to form Tandel Bigonville 1979 merged to form Rambrouch Boevange 1978 merged to form Wincrange Boevange-sur-Attert 2018 merged to form Helperknapp Burmerange 2011 merged into Schengen Clemency 2011 merged to form Käerjeng Consthum 2011 merged to form Parc Hosingen Eich 1920 merged into Luxembourg City Ermsdorf 2011 merged to form Vallée de l'Ernz Eschweiler 2015 merged into Wiltz Folschette 1979 merged to form Rambrouch Fouhren 2006 merged to form Tandel Hachiville 1978 merged to form Wincrange Hamm 1920 merged into Luxembourg City Harlange 1979 merged to form Lac de la Haute-Sûre Heiderscheid 2011 merged into Esch-sur-Sûre Heinerscheid 2011 merged into Clervaux Hobscheid 2018 merged to form Habscht Hollerich 1920 merged into Luxembourg City Hoscheid 2011 merged to form Parc Hosingen Hosingen 2011 merged to form Parc Hosingen Kautenbach 2006 merged to form Kiischpelt Mompach 2018 merged to form Rosport-Mompach Mecher 1979 merged to form Lac de la Haute-Sûre Medernach 2011 merged to form Vallée de l'Ernz Munshausen 2011 merged into Clervaux Neunhausen 2011 merged into Esch-sur-Sûre Oberpallen 1846 merged into Beckerich Oberwampach 1978 merged to form Wincrange Perlé 1979 merged to form Rambrouch Rodenbourg 1979 merged into Junglinster Rollingergrund 1920 merged into Luxembourg City Rosport 2018 merged to form Rosport-Mompach Septfontaines 2018 merged to form Habscht Tuntange 2018 merged to form Helperknapp Wellenstein 2011 merged into Schengen Wilwerwiltz 2006 merged to form Kiischpelt[14]


Evolution of communes[edit] This chart shows the gradual expansion and contraction among the communes over time. The municipal system was created during the French occupation to mirror the systems employed in the rest of the French Republic. These were overhauled in 1823, but the system itself was retained until independence, which was granted under the 1839 Treaty of London.[1] The law regulating their creation and organisation dates to 24 February 1843,[15] which was later enshrined in the Luxembourgian constitution promulgated on 17 October 1868.[2] Upon independence, there were 120 communes. A series of mergers and partitions between 1849 and 1891 increased this number to 130. Most of these were brought about by asymmetrical population growth, as population growth in the south caused the balance of population in the country to shift. For instance, some of the communes born in that era include Rumelange, Schifflange, and Walferdange. In the pattern of Nordstad, Erpeldange and Schieren were also separated from Ettelbruck. Since the end of the First World War, during which Luxembourg was occupied by Germany, the number of communes has dropped steadily. In 1920, Luxembourg City was expanded, annexing four surrounding communes. Another wave of mergers took place in the 1970s when sparsely-populated areas in the north and west of the country were merged to form Lac de la Haute-Sûre, Rambrouch, and Wincrange.[14] 2006 saw the creation of Kiischpelt and Tandel from four smaller communes, further reducing them to just 116.[14] 2012 saw the creation of Käerjeng, Vallée de l'Ernz and Parc Hosingen from smaller communes, and the merger of Clervaux, Esch-sur-Sûre and Schengen into adjacent ones. With the 2015 expansion of Wiltz, there are now only 105 communes.[14]


See also[edit] Category:Lists of communes of Luxembourg


References[edit] ^ a b Statec (2003), p. 9&10 ^ a b c d "Devolution in Luxembourg" (PDF). Committee of the Regions. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-08-22. Retrieved 2006-07-18.  ^ http://www.luxembourg.public.lu/en/index.html ^ http://www.statistiques.public.lu/en/index.html ^ http://www.schifflange.lu/ ^ http://map.geoportail.lu/communes/?lang=lb ^ http://www.statistiques.public.lu/fr/support/recherche/index.php?q=commune&go=OK ^ http://www.statistiques.public.lu/stat/TableViewer/document.aspx?ReportId=12704&IF_Language=eng&MainTheme=1&FldrName=1 ^ http://map.geoportail.lu/communes/?lang=fr ^ http://www.luxembourg.public.lu/de/le-grand-duche-se-presente/systeme-politique/territoire/communes/index.html ^ http://www.wiltz.lu/de ^ http://map.geoportail.lu/communes/?lang=de ^ Carte des communes. luxembourg.public.lu ^ a b c d "Evolution of the number of municipalities 1839 - 2015". STATEC. Retrieved 2015-02-24.  ^ (in French)/(in German) "Mémorial A, 1843, No. 17" (PDF). Service central de législation. Retrieved 2006-07-21.  Statec (2003). Recueil de statistiques par commune 2003 (PDF) (in French). Luxembourg City: Statec. ISBN 2-87988-053-X. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-10. Retrieved 2006-07-18.  (in French)/(in German) "Archives of Mémorial A". Service central de législation. Archived from the original on 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2006-07-18.  v t e Luxembourg articles History Celtic Luxembourg House of Luxembourg Forêts First Treaty of London Luxembourg Crisis Second Treaty of London First World War Second World War Occupation Holocaust Partitions Military occupations Orders, decorations, and medals of Luxembourg Jewish history more... Geography Administrative divisions Districts Cantons Communes Cities Luxembourg City quarters Extreme points Gutland Little Switzerland Luxembourg plateau Moselle Valley Red Lands Valley of the Seven Castles Oesling Rivers more... Politics Chamber of Deputies Legislative circonscriptions Presidents Council of State Presidents Diplomatic missions Elections Foreign relations Grand Duke Grand Ducal Family LGBT history LGBT rights Military Police Political parties Prime Minister more... Economy Accountancy ArcelorMittal Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union Benelux Electricity sector Euro coins Franc (former currency) Livre (until 1795) RTL Group Stock Exchange Telecommunications more... Transport Air Luxair Luxembourg-Findel Airport Motorways Rail stations Luxembourg railway station more... Society Demographics Education Language Luxembourgish Multilingualism more... People list Portuguese Luxembourger Social class Social welfare more... Culture Art Boy Scouts Cinema films Cuisine wine Music National symbols anthem coat of arms flag national holiday Newspapers Tageblatt Luxemburger Wort Radio Luxembourg RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg Sport football rugby union Olympic Games Tour de Luxembourg sportspeople more... Religion Islam Judaism Protestantism Roman Catholicism Archbishop of Luxembourg Notre-Dame Cathedral Abbey of Echternach more... Outline Category Portal v t e Elections and referendums in Luxembourg General elections 1848 (Apr) 1848 (Sep) 1915 1918 1919 1922* 1925 1928* 1931* 1934* 1937* 1945 1948* 1951* 1954 1959 1964 1968 1974 1979 1984 1989 1994 1999 2004 2009 2013 2018 Communal elections 1981 1987 1993 1999 2005 2011 2017 European elections 1979 1984 1989 1994 1999 2004 2009 2014 Referendums 1919 1937 2005 2015 * Partial elections. v t e Articles on third-level administrative divisions of countries Bangladesh Belgium Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Burkina Faso Cambodia Cameroon Chile China Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Ethiopia Finland France Germany Greece Guinea Haiti India Indonesia distrik kecamatan Iran Iraq Israel mo'atzot mekomio iriyot mo'atzot azoriot Italy Ivory Coast Japan Kenya Liberia Lebanon Lithuania Luxembourg Mali Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Nepal Niger Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Portugal Russia Senegal Sierra Leone Slovakia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Switzerland Taiwan Tajikistan Thailand Togo Ukraine United States Vietnam Zimbabwe List of administrative divisions by country Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Communes_of_Luxembourg&oldid=823015337" Categories: Communes of LuxembourgSubdivisions of LuxembourgCountry subdivisions in EuropeThird-level administrative country subdivisionsHidden categories: Articles with French-language external linksArticles with German-language external linksArticles containing Luxembourgish-language textArticles containing German-language textAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from April 2017CS1 French-language sources (fr)


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