Contents 1 Overview 2 Goals 3 Scope 4 Model and Features 4.1 Model 4.2 Features 5 Protocols 6 Implementations 7 See also 8 References


Overview[edit] The CIMI standard is defined and published by the Distributed Management Task Force (DMTF). It includes the Cloud Infrastructure Management Interface (CIMI) Model and RESTful HTTP-based Protocol specification,[2] the CIMI XML Schema, the CIMI Primer and the CIMI Uses Cases whitepaper:[3] Cloud Infrastructure Management Interface (CIMI) Model and RESTful HTTP-based Protocol The Cloud Infrastructure Management Interface (CIMI) Model and RESTful HTTP-based Protocol Specification defines the architecture and concepts of CIMI. CIMI XML Schema The CIMI XML Schema defines the XML representation of the CIMI model. CIMI Primer The CIMI Primer explains how clients can use the CIMI API for some common use cases, such as listing Machine Images and Configurations, creating a Machine from a Template and then retrieving details about it. CIMI Use Cases The CIMI Use Cases whitepaper collects a number of use cases that typify the next generation of issues facing IaaS providers and that are being considered to be addressed in the next version of the CIMI specification, such as Business Continuity/Disaster Recovery, Service Level Objective Management, Log / Metadata Management and Multicloud Management.


Goals[edit] CIMI aims to provide a single set of interfaces that a cloud consumer can use to provision and manage their cloud infrastructure in multiple clouds, so client code does not need to be adapted to each of the proprietary interfaces from these multiple vendors. CIMI has been described as a de jure standard that is under change control of a standards body, contrasting it to a de facto standard where typically one vendor has change control over the interface, and everyone else has to reverse engineer the inner workings of it.[4] It is expecting vendors to embrace a dual strategy of delivering two offerings – one a CIMI compliant offering and the second a more proprietary offering that allows for more proprietary functionality.[5]


Scope[edit] CIMI is scoped to the core IaaS functionality such as deploying and managing Machines, Volumes, Networks, Monitoring, and Systems that group them. It includes a feature discovery mechanism to find out what functions the cloud provider supports, including the metadata describing capabilities and resource constraints.[6]


Model and Features[edit] Model[edit] The CIMI model describes in detail all the resources that are accessible by the Cloud Consumer and that are maintained by the Cloud Provider, and their relationships. The main entry point for the CIMI Consumer is the IaaS Provider's Cloud Entry Point. All other data is discovered, iteratively:[7] Pointers to Machines, Volumes, Networks, Systems (a grouping of resources managed as a single unit), Machine Images, Credentials, ... Templates to provision new resources such as Machines, Volumes, Networks and Systems Monitoring resources such as Meters, Events & Event Logs (for notifications from the Provider, with time, type (error, warning, ...), severity, etc.) Jobs (one or more processes or actions directed to accomplish a specific goal, performed by the Provider) Metadata describing capabilities and resources constraints Optional provider extensions The model is self-describing and allows for querying its own metadata, e.g., to discover which extensions have been implemented. The model is also extensible by the Consumer and the Provider.[3] The model also defines serializations both in XML and JSON for each resource. Features[edit] CIMI addresses the management of the lifecycle of infrastructure provided by an IaaS Provider, such as the creation, deletion, viewing and alteration of virtual machines, networks and storage, and start and stop operations. It also defines resource operations such as creating machine images or snapshots of machines for backup & restore, or for creation of additional identical virtual machines. CIMI allows the import of an OVF package to create a System with Machines and other CIMI resources, as well as the export of a CIMI System of resources to an OVF package.[8] The actual import and export of OVF packages is handled by the underlying hypervisor under the management of the CIMI implementation.


Protocols[edit] CIMI currently supports the REST architectural style using HTTP for all interactions between the Consumer and the Providers. Mappings to SOAP and WS-MAN are also considered.[3] This protocol binding follows REST principles and describes the mapping of HTTP protocol verbs to operations on the model: Each request is sent by using an HTTP verb such as GET, POST, PUT and DELETE, and includes a message body in either JSON or XML format. Each response uses a standard HTTP status code, whose semantics are interpreted in the context of the particular request that was made.


Implementations[edit] Several adapters have been developed that expose a CIMI API endpoint for client applications to consume and translate API calls to the proprietary API calls of supported target cloud provider(s). The following is a list of CIMI implementations: Apache Deltacloud[9] OW2 Sirocco Project StratusLab Project CIMI interface for OpenStack[10] The CIMI Working Group has announced plug-fests for improved interoperability between CIMI implementations.[11]


See also[edit] Distributed Management Task Force (DMTF) Infrastructure as Code Open Virtualisation Format (OVF)


References[edit] ^ "ISO/IEC 19831 - Cloud Infrastructure Management Interface (CIMI) Model and RESTful HTTP-based Protocol". ISO Standards Catalogue. Retrieved 2015-01-06.  ^ Yasin, Rutrell (2012-08-29). "DMTF spec simplifies cloud management". GCN. Retrieved 2014-11-02.  ^ a b c Waschke, Marvin (2013-10-17). Cloud Standards: Agreements That Hold Together Clouds. Apress. pp. 291–303. ISBN 9781430241102.  ^ Carlson, Mark (2012-08-29). "Cloud Infrastructure has a new standard". Retrieved 2014-10-30.  ^ Kepes, Ben (2012-09-07). "DMTF's Cloud Infrastructure Standard". Retrieved 2014-10-30.  ^ Norfolk, David (2012-09-20). "The DMTF's Cloud Infrastructure Management Interface (CIMI), a new cloud infrastructure management standard". Bloor. Retrieved 2014-10-30.  ^ "Cloud Infrastructure Management Interface (CIMI) and Open Cloud Computing Interface (OCCI)". The Cloud Standards Observatory. 2013. Retrieved 2014-11-02.  ^ Bumpus, Winston (2013-02-01). "The Open Cloud: Management Standards Achieve Interoperability". HPC Wire. Retrieved 2014-11-07.  ^ Bist, M.; Wariya, M.; Agarwal, A. (2013). Comparing delta, open stack and Xen Cloud Platforms: A survey on open source IaaS. Advance Computing Conference (IACC), 2013 IEEE 3rd International. Ghaziabad: IEEE. pp. 96–100. doi:10.1109/IAdCC.2013.6514201. ISBN 978-1-4673-4527-9.  ^ "Infrastructure as a service cloud development". 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2014-10-30.  ^ Chawki, Jamil (2012-11-05). "la nouvelle norme de gestion IaaS : CIMI" [the new IaaS management standard: CIMI] (in French). Retrieved 2014-10-30.  v t e Standards of DMTF DMTF standards ASF CDM CIM CIMI DASH DMI NC-SI SMASH SMBIOS WBEM WS-Management Related standards CMPI JSR-48 OVF SMI-S Implementations WMI OMI WQL v t e ISO standards by standard number List of ISO standards / ISO romanizations / IEC standards 1–9999 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 16 31 -0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 128 216 217 226 228 233 259 269 302 306 428 518 519 639 -1 -2 -3 -5 -6 646 690 732 764 843 898 965 1000 1004 1007 1073-1 1413 1538 1745 1989 2014 2015 2022 2047 2108 2145 2146 2240 2281 2709 2711 2788 2848 2852 3029 3103 3166 -1 -2 -3 3297 3307 3602 3864 3901 3977 4031 4157 4217 4909 5218 5428 5775 5776 5800 5964 6166 6344 6346 6385 6425 6429 6438 6523 6709 7001 7002 7098 7185 7200 7498 7736 7810 7811 7812 7813 7816 8000 8178 8217 8571 8583 8601 8632 8652 8691 8807 8820-5 8859 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -8-I -9 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15 -16 8879 9000/9001 9075 9126 9293 9241 9362 9407 9506 9529 9564 9594 9660 9897 9899 9945 9984 9985 9995 10000–19999 10005 10006 10007 10116 10118-3 10160 10161 10165 10179 10206 10218 10303 -11 -21 -22 -28 -238 10383 10487 10585 10589 10646 10664 10746 10861 10957 10962 10967 11073 11170 11179 11404 11544 11783 11784 11785 11801 11898 11940 (-2) 11941 11941 (TR) 11992 12006 12182 12207 12234-2 13211 -1 -2 13216 13250 13399 13406-2 13450 13485 13490 13567 13568 13584 13616 14000 14031 14224 14289 14396 14443 14496 -2 -3 -6 -10 -11 -12 -14 -17 -20 14644 14649 14651 14698 14750 14764 14882 14971 15022 15189 15288 15291 15292 15398 15408 15444 -3 15445 15438 15504 15511 15686 15693 15706 -2 15707 15897 15919 15924 15926 15926 WIP 15930 16023 16262 16612-2 16750 16949 (TS) 17024 17025 17100 17203 17369 17442 17799 18000 18004 18014 18245 18629 18916 19005 19011 19092 (-1 -2) 19114 19115 19125 19136 19439 19500 19501 19502 19503 19505 19506 19507 19508 19509 19510 19600:2014 19752 19757 19770 19775-1 19794-5 19831 20000+ 20000 20022 20121 20400 21000 21047 21500 21827:2002 22000 23270 23271 23360 24517 24613 24617 24707 25178 25964 26000 26300 26324 27000 series 27000 27001 27002 27006 27729 28000 29110 29148 29199-2 29500 30170 31000 32000 38500 40500 42010 55000 80000 -1 -2 -3 Category Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cloud_Infrastructure_Management_Interface&oldid=712604338" Categories: Cloud computingApplication programming interfacesDMTF standardsCloud standardsOpen standardsISO/IEC standardsHidden categories: CS1 French-language sources (fr)


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