Contents 1 Development of the classical style 1.1 Early narrative film (1895–1913) 1.2 Maturation of the silents (1913–1917) 1.3 Classical Hollywood cinema in the silent era (1917 – late 1920s) 1.4 Classical Hollywood cinema in the sound era (late 1920s – 1960s) 2 Style 2.1 Devices 2.2 Systems 2.2.1 Narrative logic 2.2.2 Cinematic time 2.2.3 Cinematic space 2.3 Relations of systems 3 List of important figures in the era 3.1 Directors 3.2 Producers 3.3 Actors 3.4 Actresses 3.5 Others 4 List of notable films 4.1 Silent era 4.2 Sound era 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links


Development of the classical style[edit] Early narrative film (1895–1913)[edit] For centuries, the only visual standard of narrative storytelling was the theatre. Since the first narrative films in the 1890s, filmmakers sought to capture the power of live theatre on the cinema screen. Most of these filmmakers started as directors on the late 19th century stage, and likewise most film actors had roots in vaudeville or theatrical melodramas. Visually, early narrative films had adapted little from the stage, and their narratives had adapted very little from vaudeville and melodrama. Before the visual style which would become known as "classical continuity", scenes were filmed in full shot and used carefully choreographed staging to portray plot and character relationships. Cutting was extremely limited, and mostly consisted of close-ups of writing on objects for their legibility.[3] Maturation of the silents (1913–1917)[edit] The Mothering Heart screenshot Though lacking the reality inherent to the stage, film (unlike stage) offers the freedom to manipulate apparent time and space, and thus to create the illusion of realism — that is temporal linearity and spatial continuity. By the early 1910s, filmmaking was beginning to fulfill its artistic potential. In Sweden and Denmark, this period would be known as a "Golden Age" of film;[4] in America, this artistic change is attributed to filmmakers like David W. Griffith finally breaking the grip of the Edison Trust to make films independent of the manufacturing monopoly. Films worldwide began to noticeably adopt visual and narrative elements which would be found in classical Hollywood cinema. 1913 was a particularly fruitful year for the medium, as pioneering directors from several countries produced masterpieces such as The Mothering Heart (D. W. Griffith), Ingeborg Holm (Victor Sjöström), and L’enfant de Paris (Léonce Perret) that set new standards for film as a form of storytelling.[3] It was also the year when Yevgeni Bauer (the first true film artist, according to Georges Sadoul[5]) started his short, but prolific, career.[6] In the world, generally and America specifically, the influence of Griffith on film-making was unmatched. Equally influential were his actors in adapting their performances to the new medium. Lillian Gish, the star of The Mothering Heart, is particularly noted for her influence on screen performance techniques. Griffith's 1915 epic The Birth of a Nation was groundbreaking for film as a means of storytelling — a masterpiece of literary narrative with numerous innovative visual techniques. The film initiated so many advances in American cinema that it was rendered obsolete within a few years.[7] Though 1913 was a global landmark for film-making, 1917 was primarily an American one. Classical Hollywood cinema in the silent era (1917 – late 1920s)[edit] This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (March 2017) Ben Hur theatrical release poster The era of "classical Hollywood cinema" is distinguished by a narrative and visual style which would begin to dominate the medium in America by 1917. Classical Hollywood cinema in the sound era (late 1920s – 1960s)[edit] Citizen Kane theatrical release poster The narrative and visual style of classical Hollywood style would further develop after the transition to sound-film production. The primary changes in American filmmaking came from the film industry itself, with the height of the studio system. This mode of production, with its reigning star system bankrolled by several key studios, had preceded sound by several years. By mid-1920, most of the prominent American directors and actors, who had worked independently since the early 10s, would have to become a part of the new studio system to continue to work. The beginning of the sound era itself is ambiguously defined. To some, it began with The Jazz Singer, which was released in 1927 and increased box-office profits for films as sound was introduced to feature films.[citation needed] To others, the era began in 1929, when the silent age had definitively ended.[citation needed] Most Hollywood pictures from the late 1920s to 1960s adhered closely to a genre—Western, slapstick comedy, musical, animated cartoon, and biopic (biographical picture)—and the same creative teams often worked on films made by the same studio. For instance, Cedric Gibbons and Herbert Stothart always worked on MGM films, Alfred Newman worked at Twentieth Century Fox for twenty years, Cecil B. DeMille's films were almost all made at Paramount Pictures, and director Henry King's films were mostly made for Twentieth Century Fox. Similarly, actors were mostly contract players. Film historians and critics note that it took about a decade for films to adapt to sound and return to the level of artistic quality of the silents, which it did in the late 1930s. Many great works of cinema that emerged from this period were of highly regimented filmmaking. One reason this was possible is that, with so many films being made, not every one had to be a big hit. A studio could gamble on a medium-budget feature with a good script and relatively unknown actors: Citizen Kane, directed by Orson Welles and regarded by some as the greatest film of all time, fits that description. In other cases, strong-willed directors like Howard Hawks, Alfred Hitchcock, and Frank Capra battled the studios in order to achieve their artistic visions. The apogee of the studio system may have been the year 1939, which saw the release of such classics as The Wizard of Oz, Gone with the Wind, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, Stagecoach, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, Destry Rides Again, Young Mr. Lincoln, Wuthering Heights, Only Angels Have Wings, Ninotchka, Beau Geste, Babes in Arms, Gunga Din, Goodbye, Mr. Chips, and The Roaring Twenties.


Style[edit] Classical Hollywood cinema possesses a style which is largely invisi nble and difficult for the average spectator to see. The narrative is delivered so effortlessly and efficiently to the audience that it appears to have no source. It comes magically off the screen. John Belton, film scholar, Rutgers University[8] The visual-narrative style of classical Hollywood cinema as elaborated by David Bordwell,[9] was heavily influenced by the ideas of the Renaissance and its resurgence of mankind as the focal point. It is distinguished at three general levels: devices, systems, and the relations of systems. Devices[edit] The devices most inherent to classical Hollywood cinema are those of continuity editing. This includes the 180-degree rule, one of the major visual-spatial elements of continuity editing. The 180-degree rule keeps with the "photographed play" style by creating an imaginary 180-degree axis between the viewer and the shot, allowing viewers to clearly orient themselves within the position and direction of action in a scene. According to the 30-degree rule, cuts in the angle that the scene is viewed from must be significant enough for the viewer to understand the purpose of a change in perspective. Cuts that do not adhere to the 30-degree rule, known as jump cuts, are disruptive to the illusion of temporal continuity between shots. The 180-degree and 30-degree rules are elementary guidelines in film-making that preceded the official start of the classical era by over a decade, as seen in the pioneering 1902 French film A Trip to the Moon. Cutting techniques in classical continuity editing serve to help establish or maintain continuity, as in the cross cut, which establishes the concurrence of action in different locations. Jump cuts are allowed in the form of the axial cut, which does not change the angle of shooting at all, but has the clear purpose of showing a perspective closer or farther from the subject and therefore does not interfere with temporal continuity. Systems[edit] Narrative logic[edit] Classical narration progresses always through psychological motivation, i.e. by the will of a human character and its struggle with obstacles towards a defined goal. This narrative element is commonly composed of a primary narrative (often a romance) intertwined with a secondary narrative, such as a business or a crime. This narrative is structured with an unmistakable beginning, middle and end, and generally there is a distinct resolution. Utilizing actors, events, causal effects, main points, and secondary points are basic characteristics of this type of narrative. The characters in Classical Hollywood Cinema have clearly definable traits, are active, and very goal oriented. They are causal agents motivated by psychological rather than social concerns.[2] The narrative is a chain of cause and effect with the characters being the causal agents — in classical style, events do not occur randomly. Cinematic time[edit] Time in classical Hollywood is continuous, linear, and uniform, since non-linearity calls attention to the illusory workings of the medium. The only permissible manipulation of time in this format is the flashback. It is mostly used to introduce a memory sequence of a character, e.g. Casablanca. Cinematic space[edit] The greatest rule of classical continuity regarding space is object permanence: the viewer must believe that the scene exists outside the shot of the cinematic frame to maintain the picture's realism. The treatment of space in classical Hollywood strives to overcome or conceal the two-dimensionality of film ("invisible style") and is strongly centered upon the human body. The majority of shots in a classical film focus on gestures or facial expressions (medium-long and medium shots). André Bazin once compared classical film to a photographed play in that the events seem to exist objectively and that cameras only give us the best view of the whole play.[10] This treatment of space consists of four main aspects: centering, balancing, frontality, and depth. Persons or objects of significance are mostly in the center part of the picture frame and never out of focus. Balancing refers to the visual composition, i.e. characters are evenly distributed throughout the frame. The action is subtly addressed towards the spectator (frontality) and set, lighting (mostly three-point lighting), and costumes are designed to separate foreground from the background (depth). Relations of systems[edit] The aspects of space and time are subordinated to the narrative element.


List of important figures in the era[edit] Many of the filmmakers listed below did multiple chores on various film productions through their careers. They are here listed by the category they are most readily recognized as. If they are recognized in more than one category on the same level, they are listed in all of them. Directors[edit] The following is a list of directors associated with classical Hollywood. Some of them either had careers in other countries (e.g., Hitchcock and Renoir) and some also had careers either before (e.g., Griffith) or after (e.g., Huston) the classical era. Robert Aldrich[11] Lewis Allen[12] Lloyd Bacon[11] William Beaudine Busby Berkeley[11] Frank Borzage[11] John Brahm Clarence Brown Tod Browning Frank Capra[11] Charlie Chaplin John Cromwell[11] George Cukor[11] Michael Curtiz[11] Cecil B. DeMille[11] Andre DeToth William Dieterle[11] Edward Dmytryk[11] Stanley Donen[11] John Farrow[13] Victor Fleming[11] John Ford[11] Chester Franklin Sidney Franklin[11] Samuel Fuller[11] Edmund Goulding D. W. Griffith[11] Howard Hawks[11] Stuart Heisler[14] Alfred Hitchcock[11] John Huston[11] Garson Kanin Elia Kazan[11] Henry King Stanley Kramer[11] Gregory La Cava[11] Fritz Lang[11] Mervyn LeRoy[11] Frank Lloyd[11] Ernst Lubitsch[11] Sidney Lumet[11] Ida Lupino Rouben Mamoulian[11] Joseph L. Mankiewicz[11] Anthony Mann[11] Leo McCarey[11] Andrew V. McLaglen[15] Lewis Milestone[11] Vincente Minnelli[11] Jean Negulesco Marshall Neilan Max Ophüls Otto Preminger[11] Irving Rapper[11] Nicholas Ray[11] Jean Renoir Wesley Ruggles[11] Mark Sandrich Victor Sjöström John M. Stahl George Stevens[11] John Sturges[11] Preston Sturges[11] Frank Tashlin W. S. Van Dyke[11] Charles Vidor[11] King Vidor[11] Josef von Sternberg[11] Raoul Walsh[11] Orson Welles[11] William A. Wellman[11] James Whale Billy Wilder[11] Sam Wood[11] William Wyler[11] Fred Zinnemann[11] Producers[edit] Pandro S. Berman Harry Cohn[11] Arthur Freed[11] Sam Goldwyn[11] Arthur Hornblow Jr.[11] Howard Hughes[11] Stanley Kramer[11] Louis B. Mayer[11] David O. Selznick[11] Sam Spiegel Irving Thalberg[11] Hal B. Wallis[11] Jack L. Warner Darryl F. Zanuck[11] Adolph Zukor Actors[edit] Brian Aherne Don Ameche Dana Andrews[11] Fred Astaire[11] Lew Ayres Martin Balsam John Barrymore[11] Lionel Barrymore[11] Warner Baxter Wallace Beery[11] Ralph Bellamy[11] William Bendix Humphrey Bogart[11] Ward Bond[11] Ernest Borgnine[11] Charles Boyer Marlon Brando[11] Walter Brennan[11] James Cagney[11] John Carradine[11] Lon Chaney Charlie Chaplin[11] Maurice Chevalier Montgomery Clift[11] Lee J. Cobb[11] Lew Cody Ronald Colman[11] Gary Cooper[11] Joseph Cotten[11] Broderick Crawford[11] Hume Cronyn Bing Crosby[11] Tony Curtis[11] James Dean[11] Richard Dix Kirk Douglas[11] Melvyn Douglas Jimmy Durante Dan Duryea[11] Douglas Fairbanks Sr.[11] Douglas Fairbanks Jr.[11] José Ferrer Errol Flynn[11] Henry Fonda[11] Glenn Ford[11] Clark Gable[11] John Garfield John Gilbert[11] Farley Granger Stewart Granger Cary Grant[11] Sydney Greenstreet[11] Edmund Gwenn Alan Hale, Sr Rex Harrison Sessue Hayakawa Gabby Hayes[11] Paul Henreid[11] Charlton Heston William Holden[11] Bob Hope[11] Edward Everett Horton[11] Leslie Howard[11] Rock Hudson[11] John Huston[11] Boris Karloff Danny Kaye Gene Kelly[11] Alan Ladd[11] Burt Lancaster[11] Charles Laughton[11] Laurel and Hardy[11] Peter Lawford Jack Lemmon[11] Oscar Levant[11] Peter Lorre Bela Lugosi Fred MacMurray[11] Karl Malden[11] Fredric March[11] Herbert Marshall James Mason[11] Raymond Massey[11] Victor Mature Joel McCrea[11] Victor McLaglen Adolphe Menjou Ray Milland[11] Thomas Mitchell[11] Robert Mitchum[11] Robert Montgomery Frank Morgan Chester Morris Paul Muni[11] Paul Newman[11] David Niven[11] Ramon Novarro Pat O'Brien[11] Laurence Olivier[11] Gregory Peck[11] Anthony Perkins Walter Pidgeon[11] Sidney Poitier[11] Dick Powell[11] William Powell[11] Tyrone Power[11] George Raft Claude Rains[11] Wallace Reid Basil Rathbone Ronald Reagan Edward G. Robinson[11] Will Rogers Cesar Romero[11] Mickey Rooney[11] George Sanders[11] Randolph Scott[11] Frank Sinatra[11] Red Skelton James Stewart[11] Dean Stockwell Lewis Stone Barry Sullivan Lyle Talbot Robert Taylor[11] Franchot Tone[11] Spencer Tracy[11] Rudolph Valentino Erich von Stroheim John Wayne[11] Johnny Weissmuller[11] Orson Welles Richard Widmark[11] Warren William Roland Young Actresses[edit] June Allyson[11] Judith Anderson[11] Eve Arden[11] Jean Arthur[11] Mary Astor[11] Lauren Bacall[11] Lucille Ball[11] Tallulah Bankhead Ethel Barrymore[11] Anne Baxter[11] Constance Bennett Joan Bennett[11] Ingrid Bergman[11] Joan Blondell[11] Beulah Bondi[11] Billie Burke Cyd Charisse Claudette Colbert[11] Jeanne Crain Joan Crawford[11] Dorothy Dandridge[11] Bebe Daniels[11] Linda Darnell Jane Darwell[11] Bette Davis[11] Doris Day[11] Laraine Day Priscilla Dean Olivia de Havilland[11] Dolores del Río[11] Marlene Dietrich[11] Billie Dove Marie Dressler Irene Dunne[11] Glenda Farrell Geraldine Fitzgerald Joan Fontaine[11] Pauline Frederick Greta Garbo[11] Ava Gardner[11] Judy Garland[11] Greer Garson[11] Janet Gaynor Lillian Gish[11] Paulette Goddard[11] Betty Grable[11] Gloria Grahame[11] Kathryn Grayson[11] Ann Harding Jean Harlow[11] Julie Harris Helen Hayes Susan Hayward[11] Rita Hayworth[11] Audrey Hepburn[11] Katharine Hepburn[11] Judy Holliday[11] Celeste Holm[11] Miriam Hopkins Lena Horne Jennifer Jones[11] Ruby Keeler[11] Grace Kelly[11] Deborah Kerr[11] Veronica Lake[11] Hedy Lamarr[11] Dorothy Lamour Priscilla Lane Angela Lansbury Janet Leigh[11] Vivien Leigh[11] Joan Leslie[11] Carole Lombard[11] Myrna Loy[11] Ida Lupino[11] Jeanette MacDonald Virginia Mayo[11] Mercedes McCambridge[11] Hattie McDaniel[11] Una Merkel[11] Ann Miller[11] Marilyn Monroe[11] Agnes Moorehead[11] Mae Murray Patricia Neal Merle Oberon Maureen O'Hara[11] Maureen O'Sullivan[11] Eleanor Parker[11] Jean Peters[11] Mary Pickford[11] Eleanor Powell[11] Donna Reed[11] Lee Remick Debbie Reynolds Thelma Ritter[11] Ginger Rogers[11] Jane Russell[11] Rosalind Russell[11] Norma Shearer[11] Ann Sheridan[11] Jean Simmons[11] Ann Sothern Barbara Stanwyck[11] Margaret Sullavan[11] Gloria Swanson[11] Blanche Sweet Constance Talmadge Norma Talmadge Elizabeth Taylor[11] Shirley Temple Gene Tierney[11] Claire Trevor[11] Lana Turner Mae West[11] Esther Williams[11] Shelley Winters Anna May Wong Fay Wray[11] Teresa Wright[11] Jane Wyman[11] Loretta Young[11] Others[edit] Adrian (costume designer) Nacio Herb Brown (songwriter) Julius J. Epstein (screenwriter) Arthur Freed (lyricist, producer) Cedric Gibbons (art director) Ruth Gordon (screenwriter) Edith Head[11] (costume designer) Ben Hecht (screenwriter) Bernard Herrmann (composer) Garson Kanin (screenwriter, director) Erich Wolfgang Korngold (composer) Anita Loos (screenwriter) Charles MacArthur (screenwriter) Herman J. Mankiewicz (screenwriter) Alfred Newman (composer) Orry-Kelly (costume designer) Hermes Pan (choreographer) Walter Plunkett (costume designer) Sol Polito (cinematographer) Robert Riskin (screenwriter) Miklós Rózsa (composer) Morrie Ryskind (screenwriter) Budd Schulberg (screenwriter) Irene Sharaff (costume designer) Max Steiner[11] (composer) Herbert Stothart (composer) Preston Sturges (screenwriter) Jo Swerling (screenwriter) Dimitri Tiomkin (composer) Gregg Toland (cinematographer) Dalton Trumbo (screenwriter) Franz Waxman (composer)


List of notable films[edit] The following is a chronological list of notable films that were made during the Hollywood Golden Age. Silent era[edit] The Birth of a Nation (1915) Intolerance (1916) Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm (1917) The Immigrant (1917) The Poor Little Rich Girl (1917) Wild and Woolly (1917) Broken Blossoms (1919) Pollyanna (1920) The Last of the Mohicans (1920) Within Our Gates (1920) Way Down East (1920) Orphans of the Storm (1921) The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921) The Kid (1921) A Woman of Paris (1921) The Covered Wagon (1923) Safety Last! (1923) Greed (1924) Sherlock Jr. (1924) The Thief of Bagdad (1924) Ben-Hur (1925) Little Annie Rooney (1925) The Big Parade (1925) The Gold Rush (1925) Flesh and the Devil (1926) Sparrows (1926) The Black Pirate (1926) The Canadian (1926) The General (1926) 7th Heaven (1927) It (1927) The Circus (1928) The Unknown (1927) The Wind (1928) City Lights (1931) Tabu (1931) Sound era[edit] The Jazz Singer (1927) A Free Soul (1930) All Quiet on the Western Front (1930) Anna Christie (1930) Morocco (1930) Romance (1930) The Divorcee (1930) Bad Girl (1931) Blonde Crazy (1931) Dracula (1931) Platinum Blonde (1931) The Public Enemy (1931) A Farewell to Arms (1932) Forbidden (1932) Freaks (1932) Grand Hotel (1932) Red Dust (1932) Scarface (1932) The Animal Kingdom (1932) Trouble in Paradise (1932) 42nd Street (1933) Baby Face (1933) Design for Living (1933) Dinner at Eight (1933) Flying Down to Rio (1933) Footlight Parade (1933) King Kong (1933) Lady for a Day (1933) Man's Castle (1933) Queen Christina (1933) Broadway Bill (1934) Imitation of Life (1934) It Happened One Night (1934) Manhattan Melodrama (1934) No Greater Glory (1934) Of Human Bondage (1934) The Gay Divorcee (1934) The Old Fashioned Way (1934) The Thin Man (1934) Twentieth Century (1934) Wonder Bar (1934) A Night at the Opera (1935) A Tale of Two Cities (1935) Anna Karenina (1935) Gold Diggers of 1935 (1935) Sylvia Scarlett (1935) Top Hat (1935) Follow the Fleet (1936) Libeled Lady (1936) Modern Times (1936) Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936) San Francisco (1936) Swing Time (1936) Theodora Goes Wild (1936) Captains Courageous (1937) Easy Living (1937) Gold Diggers of 1937 (1937) Lost Horizon (1937) Make Way for Tomorrow (1937) Marked Woman (1937) My Man Godfrey (1936) Nothing Sacred (1937) The Awful Truth (1937) The Prisoner of Zenda (1937) Shall We Dance (1937) Stage Door (1937) Stella Dallas (1937) True Confession (1937) Varsity Show (1937) Algiers (1938) Angels with Dirty Faces (1938) Bringing Up Baby (1938) Holiday (1938) Jezebel (1938) The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) You Can't Take It with You (1938) 5th Avenue Girl (1939) Babes in Arms (1939) Beau Geste (1939) Dark Victory (1939) Destry Rides Again (1939) Gone with the Wind (1939) Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1939) Gunga Din (1939) Love Affair (1939) Midnight (1939) Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939) Ninotchka (1939) Only Angels Have Wings (1939) Stagecoach (1939) The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1939) The Oklahoma Kid (1939) The Roaring Twenties (1939) The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle (1939) The Wizard of Oz (1939) The Women (1939) Wuthering Heights (1939) Young Mr. Lincoln (1939) Broadway Melody of 1940 (1940) His Girl Friday (1940) My Favorite Wife (1940) Rebecca (1940) Kitty Foyle (1940) Pride and Prejudice (1940) Primrose Path (1940) The Grapes of Wrath (1940) The Great Dictator (1940) The Letter (1940) The Mortal Storm (1940) The Philadelphia Story (1940) The Shop Around the Corner (1940) Ball of Fire (1941) Citizen Kane (1941) High Sierra (1941) Meet John Doe (1941) Mr. and Mrs. Smith (1941) Penny Serenade (1941) Sergeant York (1941) Suspicion (1941) The Bride Came C.O.D. (1941) The Lady Eve (1941) The Maltese Falcon (1941) You'll Never Get Rich (1941) Casablanca (1942) Holiday Inn (1942) Mrs. Miniver (1942) Random Harvest (1942) The Magnificent Ambersons (1942) The Man Who Came to Dinner (1942) The Palm Beach Story (1942) The Talk of the Town (1942) Tortilla Flat (1942) Woman of the Year (1942) Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942) You Were Never Lovelier (1942) For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943) Journey into Fear (1943) Shadow of a Doubt (1943) Stormy Weather (1943) The Human Comedy (1943) The Ox-Bow Incident (1943) Arsenic and Old Lace (1944) Cover Girl (1944) Double Indemnity (1944) Gaslight (1944) Going My Way (1944) Laura (1944) Meet Me in St. Louis (1944) National Velvet (1944) Since You Went Away (1944) The Lodger (1944) The Miracle of Morgan's Creek (1944) To Have and Have Not (1944) Anchors Aweigh (1945) Hangover Square (1945) Mildred Pierce (1945) The Bells of St. Mary's (1945) The Lost Weekend (1945) Anna and the King of Siam (1946) Gilda (1946) Notorious (1946) It's a Wonderful Life (1946) Duel in the Sun (1946) Miracle on 34th Street (1947) Monsieur Verdoux (1947) The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948) State of the Union (1948) Key Largo (1948) All the King's Men (1949) The Heiress (1949) All About Eve (1950) Annie Get Your Gun (1950) Rio Grande (1950) Summer Stock (1950) Sunset Boulevard (1950) A Streetcar Named Desire (1951) An American in Paris (1951) A Place in the Sun (1951) The African Queen (1951) High Noon (1952) Limelight (1952) Monkey Business (1952) Singin' in the Rain (1952) The Bad and the Beautiful (1952) The Miracle of Our Lady of Fatima (1952) The Prisoner of Zenda (1952) From Here to Eternity (1953) Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953) How to Marry a Millionaire (1953) Mogambo (1953) Roman Holiday (1953) Shane (1953) The Band Wagon (1953) The Big Heat (1953) On the Waterfront (1954) Rear Window (1954) Vera Cruz (1954) Kiss Me Deadly (1955) Rebel Without a Cause (1955) Autumn Leaves (1956) The Searchers (1956) A King in New York (1957) Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958) Gigi (1958) Vertigo (1958) Ben-Hur (1959) North by Northwest (1959) Some Like It Hot (1959) Suddenly, Last Summer (1959) Psycho (1960) Pocketful of Miracles (1961) Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961) The Children's Hour (1961) Lawrence of Arabia (1962) To Kill a Mockingbird (1962) What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? (1962)


References[edit] ^ The Classic Hollywood Narrative Style at University of San Diego History Dept ^ a b Goldburg, Michael. "Classical Hollywood Cinema (Internet Archive)". Archived from the original on 31 May 2007. Retrieved 31 May 2007.  ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-17.  ^ "The "golden age" of silent film – Sweden – bio, actress, children, wife, cinema, role, story".  ^ Georges Sadoul. Всеобщая история кино. — Moscow, Iskustvo, 1958. — Т. 3. — page 178 ^ http://www.gildasattic.com/bauer.html ^ Brownlow, Kevin (1968). The Parade's Gone By.... University of California Press. p. 78. ISBN 0-520-03068-0. ^ Classical Hollywood Narrative ^ Bordwell, David; Staiger, Janet; Thompson, Kristin (1985): The Classical Hollywood Cinema. Film Style & Mode of Production to 1960. New York: Columbia University Press. 1-59 ^ Bordwell: 24 ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz http://www.hollywoodsgoldenage.com/moguls/the_moguls.html ^ Bordwell: p.1897 ^ McGilligan: p.: 21, 54, 200, 269, 293 ^ Davis: p.209 ^ Dixon (2013), p. 179


Further reading[edit] Bordwell, David; Staiger, Janet; Thompson, Kristin (1985). The Classical Hollywood Cinema. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-06055-6.  Davis, Blair (2012). The Battle for the Bs: 1950s Hollywood and the Rebirth of Low-Budget Cinema. New Jersey: Rutgers University Press. ISBN 978-0813552538.  Fawell, John. (2008) The Hidden Art of Hollywood. Westport Conn.: Praeger Press. McGilligan, Patrick (1985). Backstory 1: Interviews with Screenwriters of Hollywood's Golden Age (No. 1). University of California Press. ISBN 978-0520056893.  Salt, Barry. Film Style and Technology: History and Analysis.  Dixon, Wheeler Winston (2013). Cinema at the Margins. Anthem Press. ISBN 978-0-85728-186-9. 


External links[edit] David Bordwell and Kristin Thompson, "Happy Birthday, classical cinema!", December 28, 2007. 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Bruceploitation Chopsocky Gun fu Kung fu Wuxia Mecha Mexploitation Monster Giant monster Jiangshi Kaiju Vampire Werewolf Zombie Mountain Mouth of Garbage Muslim social Nature Environmental issues Opera Outlaw biker Ozploitation Partisan film Pirate Prison Women Race Rape and revenge Road Rubble Rumberas Samurai Sexploitation Bavarian porn Commedia sexy all'italiana Mexican sex comedy Nazi exploitation Pornochanchada Nunsploitation Sex report Shomin-geki Slavery Slice of life Snuff Crush South Seas Sports Spy Eurospy Superhero Surfing Swashbuckler Sword-and-sandal Sword and sorcery Travel Trial Vigilante War Anti-war Euro War Submarine Western Acid Florida Meat pie Northern Ostern revisionist Space Spaghetti Weird Zombie Zombie comedy By movement or period Absolute Australian New Wave Auteur films Berlin School Bourekas Brighton School British New Wave Kitchen sink realism Budapest school Cannibal boom Cinéma du look Cinema Novo Cinema of Transgression Cinéma pur Commedia all'italiana 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Rebellion Lettrist Mumblecore Neorealist New French Extremity New German New Generation New Hollywood New Nollywood New Queer No wave Nuevo Cine Mexicano Parallel cinema Persian Film Poetic realist Polish Film School Poliziotteschi Praška filmska škola Prussian film Pure Film Movement Remodernist Romanian New Wave Spaghetti Western Socialist realist Social realist Kitchen sink realism Soviet Parallel Structural Surrealist Sword-and-sandal Telefoni Bianchi Third Cinema Yugoslav Black Wave By audience Adult Chick flick Children's Family Guy-cry Stag Teen Woman's By format, technique, approach, or production 3D Actuality Animation anime cartoon computer stop-motion traditional Anthology Art B movie Black-and-white Blockbuster Bollywood Cinéma vérité Classical Hollywood cinema Collage Color Compilation Composite Cult midnight movie Database cinema Docufiction Ethnofiction Experimental Abstract Feature Featurette Film à clef Film noir Film-poem Found footage Grindhouse Hyperlink cinema Independent Guerrilla filmmaking Interstitial art Live action animation Low-budget Major studio Making-of Masala Message picture Meta-film Mockbuster Musical short Mythopoeia Neorealist No budget Paracinema Participatory Poetry Postmodernist Sceneggiata Semidocumentary Serial Shinpa Short Silent Socialist realist Sound Underground Video nasty Z movie Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Classical_Hollywood_cinema&oldid=825074717" Categories: Cinema of the United StatesFilm stylesHollywood history and culture20th century in American cinemaHidden categories: Articles to be expanded from March 2017All articles to be expandedArticles using small message boxesAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from March 2017


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D. W. GriffithJohn FordOrson WellesAlfred HitchcockHoward HawksBilly WilderCharlie ChaplinMary PickfordHumphrey BogartRenaissanceTheatrical RealismFilm CriticismCinema Of The United StatesEnlargeD.W. Griffith1913 In FilmThe Mothering HeartIngeborg HolmVictor SjöströmLéonce PerretYevgeni BauerGeorges SadoulLillian Gish1915 In FilmThe Birth Of A NationEnlargeEnlargeStudio SystemThe Jazz SingerWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Citation NeededSlapstickBiographical FilmCedric GibbonsHerbert StothartMGM FilmsAlfred Newman (composer)Twentieth Century FoxCecil B. DeMilleParamount PicturesHenry King (director)Citizen KaneOrson WellesHoward HawksAlfred HitchcockFrank CapraThe Wizard Of Oz (1939 Film)Gone With The Wind (film)The Hunchback Of Notre Dame (1939 Film)Stagecoach (1939 Film)Mr. Smith Goes To WashingtonDestry Rides AgainYoung Mr. LincolnWuthering Heights (1939 Film)Only Angels Have WingsNinotchkaBeau Geste (1939 Film)Babes In Arms (film)Gunga Din (film)Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1939 Film)The Roaring TwentiesDavid BordwellRenaissanceContinuity Editing180-degree Rule30-degree RuleJump Cut1902 In FilmA Trip To The MoonCross CuttingAxial CutNonlinear NarrativeFlashback (narrative)Casablanca (film)GestureFacial ExpressionMedium ShotAndré BazinFilm FrameSet ConstructionThree-point LightingRobert AldrichLewis Allen (director)Lloyd BaconWilliam BeaudineBusby BerkeleyFrank BorzageJohn BrahmClarence BrownTod BrowningFrank CapraCharlie ChaplinJohn Cromwell (director)George CukorMichael CurtizCecil B. DeMilleAndre DeTothWilliam DieterleEdward DmytrykStanley DonenJohn FarrowVictor FlemingJohn FordChester FranklinSidney Franklin (director)Samuel FullerEdmund GouldingD. W. GriffithHoward HawksStuart HeislerAlfred HitchcockJohn HustonGarson KaninElia KazanHenry King (director)Stanley KramerGregory La CavaFritz LangMervyn LeRoyFrank LloydErnst LubitschSidney LumetIda LupinoRouben MamoulianJoseph L. MankiewiczAnthony MannLeo McCareyAndrew V. McLaglenLewis MilestoneVincente MinnelliJean NegulescoMarshall NeilanMax OphülsOtto PremingerIrving RapperNicholas RayJean RenoirWesley RugglesMark SandrichVictor SjöströmJohn M. StahlGeorge StevensJohn SturgesPreston SturgesFrank TashlinW. S. Van DykeCharles VidorKing VidorJosef Von SternbergRaoul WalshOrson WellesWilliam A. WellmanJames WhaleBilly WilderSam WoodWilliam WylerFred ZinnemannPandro S. BermanHarry CohnArthur FreedSam GoldwynArthur Hornblow Jr.Howard HughesStanley KramerLouis B. MayerDavid O. SelznickSam SpiegelIrving ThalbergHal B. WallisJack L. WarnerDarryl F. ZanuckAdolph ZukorBrian AherneDon AmecheDana AndrewsFred AstaireLew AyresMartin BalsamJohn BarrymoreLionel BarrymoreWarner BaxterWallace BeeryRalph BellamyWilliam BendixHumphrey BogartWard BondErnest BorgnineCharles BoyerMarlon BrandoWalter BrennanJames CagneyJohn CarradineLon ChaneyCharlie ChaplinMaurice ChevalierMontgomery CliftLee J. CobbLew CodyRonald ColmanGary CooperJoseph CottenBroderick CrawfordHume CronynBing CrosbyTony CurtisJames DeanRichard DixKirk DouglasMelvyn DouglasJimmy DuranteDan DuryeaDouglas Fairbanks Sr.Douglas Fairbanks Jr.José FerrerErrol FlynnHenry FondaGlenn FordClark GableJohn GarfieldJohn Gilbert (actor)Farley GrangerStewart GrangerCary GrantSydney GreenstreetEdmund GwennAlan Hale, SrRex HarrisonSessue HayakawaGabby HayesPaul HenreidCharlton HestonWilliam HoldenBob HopeEdward Everett HortonLeslie Howard (actor)Rock HudsonJohn HustonBoris KarloffDanny KayeGene KellyAlan LaddBurt LancasterCharles LaughtonLaurel And HardyPeter LawfordJack LemmonOscar LevantPeter LorreBela LugosiFred MacMurrayKarl MaldenFredric MarchHerbert MarshallJames MasonRaymond MasseyVictor MatureJoel McCreaVictor McLaglenAdolphe MenjouRay MillandThomas Mitchell (actor)Robert MitchumRobert Montgomery (actor)Frank MorganChester MorrisPaul MuniPaul NewmanDavid NivenRamon NovarroPat O'Brien (actor)Laurence OlivierGregory PeckAnthony PerkinsWalter PidgeonSidney PoitierDick PowellWilliam PowellTyrone PowerGeorge RaftClaude RainsWallace ReidBasil RathboneRonald Reagan FilmographyEdward G. RobinsonWill RogersCesar RomeroMickey RooneyGeorge SandersRandolph ScottFrank SinatraRed SkeltonJames StewartDean StockwellLewis StoneBarry Sullivan (actor)Lyle TalbotRobert Taylor (actor)Franchot ToneSpencer TracyRudolph ValentinoErich Von StroheimJohn WayneJohnny WeissmullerOrson WellesRichard WidmarkWarren WilliamRoland YoungJune AllysonJudith AndersonEve ArdenJean ArthurMary AstorLauren BacallLucille BallTallulah BankheadEthel BarrymoreAnne BaxterConstance BennettJoan BennettIngrid BergmanJoan BlondellBeulah BondiBillie BurkeCyd CharisseClaudette ColbertJeanne CrainJoan CrawfordDorothy DandridgeBebe DanielsLinda DarnellJane DarwellBette DavisDoris DayLaraine DayPriscilla DeanOlivia De HavillandDolores Del RíoMarlene DietrichBillie DoveMarie DresslerIrene DunneGlenda FarrellGeraldine FitzgeraldJoan FontainePauline FrederickGreta GarboAva GardnerJudy GarlandGreer GarsonJanet GaynorLillian GishPaulette GoddardBetty GrableGloria GrahameKathryn GraysonAnn HardingJean HarlowJulie Harris (actress)Helen HayesSusan HaywardRita HayworthAudrey HepburnKatharine HepburnJudy HollidayCeleste HolmMiriam HopkinsLena HorneJennifer JonesRuby KeelerGrace KellyDeborah KerrVeronica LakeHedy LamarrDorothy LamourPriscilla LaneAngela LansburyJanet LeighVivien LeighJoan LeslieCarole LombardMyrna LoyIda LupinoJeanette MacDonaldVirginia MayoMercedes McCambridgeHattie McDanielUna MerkelAnn MillerMarilyn MonroeAgnes MooreheadMae MurrayPatricia NealMerle OberonMaureen O'HaraMaureen O'SullivanEleanor ParkerJean PetersMary PickfordEleanor PowellDonna ReedLee RemickDebbie ReynoldsThelma RitterGinger RogersJane RussellRosalind RussellNorma ShearerAnn SheridanJean SimmonsAnn SothernBarbara StanwyckMargaret SullavanGloria SwansonBlanche SweetConstance TalmadgeNorma TalmadgeElizabeth TaylorShirley TempleGene TierneyClaire TrevorLana TurnerMae WestEsther WilliamsShelley WintersAnna May WongFay WrayTeresa WrightJane WymanLoretta YoungAdrian (costume Designer)Nacio Herb BrownJulius J. EpsteinArthur FreedCedric GibbonsRuth GordonEdith HeadBen HechtBernard HerrmannGarson KaninErich Wolfgang KorngoldAnita LoosCharles MacArthurHerman J. MankiewiczAlfred Newman (composer)Orry-KellyHermes PanWalter PlunkettSol PolitoRobert RiskinMiklós RózsaMorrie RyskindBudd SchulbergIrene SharaffMax SteinerHerbert StothartPreston SturgesJo SwerlingDimitri TiomkinGregg TolandDalton TrumboFranz WaxmanThe Birth Of A NationIntolerance (film)Rebecca Of Sunnybrook Farm (1917 Film)The Immigrant (1917 Film)The Poor Little Rich GirlWild And WoollyBroken BlossomsPollyanna (1920 Film)The Last Of The Mohicans (1920 American Film)Within Our GatesWay Down EastOrphans Of The StormThe Four Horsemen Of The Apocalypse (film)The Kid (1921 Film)A Woman Of ParisThe Covered WagonSafety Last!Greed (film)Sherlock Jr.The Thief Of Bagdad (1924 Film)Ben-Hur (1925 Film)Little Annie Rooney (1925 Film)The Big ParadeThe Gold RushFlesh And The DevilSparrows (1926 Film)The Black PirateThe Canadian (film)The General (1926 Film)7th Heaven (1927 Film)It (1927 Film)The Circus (film)The Unknown (1927 Film)The Wind (1928 Film)City LightsTabu: A Story Of The South SeasThe Jazz SingerA Free SoulAll Quiet On The Western Front (1930 Film)Anna Christie (1930 English-language Film)Morocco (film)Romance (1930 Film)The DivorceeBad Girl (1931 Film)Blonde CrazyDracula (1931 English-language Film)Platinum Blonde (film)The Public EnemyA Farewell To Arms (1932 Film)Forbidden (1932 Film)FreaksGrand Hotel (1932 Film)Red Dust (1932 Film)Scarface (1932 Film)The Animal KingdomTrouble In Paradise (film)42nd Street (film)Baby Face (film)Design For Living (film)Dinner At Eight (film)Flying Down To RioFootlight ParadeKing Kong (1933 Film)Lady For A DayMan's CastleQueen Christina (film)Broadway BillImitation Of Life (1934 Film)It Happened One NightManhattan MelodramaNo Greater GloryOf Human Bondage (1934 Film)The Gay DivorceeThe Old Fashioned Way (film)The Thin Man (film)Twentieth Century (film)Wonder BarA Night At The Opera (film)A Tale Of Two Cities (1935 Film)Anna Karenina (1935 Film)Gold Diggers Of 1935Sylvia ScarlettTop HatFollow The FleetLibeled LadyModern Times (film)Mr. Deeds Goes To TownSan Francisco (1936 Film)Swing Time (film)Theodora Goes WildCaptains Courageous (1937 Film)Easy Living (1937 Film)Gold Diggers Of 1937Lost Horizon (1937 Film)Make Way For TomorrowMarked WomanMy Man GodfreyNothing Sacred (film)The Awful TruthThe Prisoner Of Zenda (1937 Film)Shall We Dance (1937 Film)Stage DoorStella Dallas (1937 Film)True ConfessionVarsity Show (film)Algiers (film)Angels With Dirty FacesBringing Up BabyHoliday (1938 Film)Jezebel (film)The Adventures Of Robin HoodYou Can't Take It With You (film)5th Avenue GirlBabes In Arms (film)Beau Geste (1939 Film)Dark VictoryDestry Rides AgainGone With The Wind (film)Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1939 Film)Gunga Din (film)Love Affair (1939 Film)Midnight (1939 Film)Mr. Smith Goes To WashingtonNinotchkaOnly Angels Have WingsStagecoach (1939 Film)The Hunchback Of Notre Dame (1939 Film)The Oklahoma KidThe Roaring TwentiesThe Story Of Vernon And Irene CastleThe Wizard Of Oz (1939 Film)The Women (1939 Film)Wuthering Heights (1939 Film)Young Mr. LincolnBroadway Melody Of 1940His Girl FridayMy Favorite WifeRebecca (1940 Film)Kitty Foyle (film)Pride And Prejudice (1940 Film)Primrose Path (film)The Grapes Of Wrath (film)The Great DictatorThe Letter (1940 Film)The Mortal StormThe Philadelphia Story (film)The Shop Around The CornerBall Of FireCitizen KaneHigh Sierra (film)Meet John DoeMr. And Mrs. Smith (1941 Film)Penny SerenadeSergeant York (film)Suspicion (1941 Film)The Bride Came C.O.D.The Lady EveThe Maltese Falcon (1941 Film)You'll Never Get RichCasablanca (film)Holiday Inn (film)Mrs. MiniverRandom Harvest (film)The Magnificent Ambersons (film)The Man Who Came To Dinner (film)The Palm Beach StoryThe Talk Of The Town (1942 Film)Tortilla Flat (film)Woman Of The YearYankee Doodle DandyYou Were Never LovelierFor Whom The Bell Tolls (film)Journey Into Fear (1943 Film)Shadow Of A DoubtStormy Weather (1943 Film)The Human Comedy (film)The Ox-Bow IncidentArsenic And Old Lace (film)Cover Girl (film)Double Indemnity (film)Gaslight (1944 Film)Going My WayLaura (1944 Film)Meet Me In St. LouisNational Velvet (film)Since You Went AwayThe Lodger (1944 Film)The Miracle Of Morgan's CreekTo Have And Have Not (film)Anchors Aweigh (film)Hangover Square (film)Mildred Pierce (film)The Bells Of St. Mary'sThe Lost Weekend (film)Anna And The King Of Siam (film)GildaNotorious (1946 Film)It's A Wonderful LifeDuel In The Sun (film)Miracle On 34th StreetMonsieur VerdouxThe Treasure Of The Sierra Madre (film)State Of The Union (film)Key Largo (film)All The King's Men (1949 Film)The HeiressAll About EveAnnie Get Your Gun (film)Rio Grande (film)Summer StockSunset Boulevard (film)A Streetcar Named Desire (1951 Film)An American In Paris (film)A Place In The Sun (film)The African Queen (film)High NoonLimelight (1952 Film)Monkey Business (1952 Film)Singin' In The RainThe Bad And The BeautifulThe Miracle Of Our Lady Of FatimaThe Prisoner Of Zenda (1952 Film)From Here To EternityGentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953 Film)How To Marry A MillionaireMogamboRoman HolidayShane (film)The Band WagonThe Big HeatOn The WaterfrontRear WindowVera Cruz (film)Kiss Me DeadlyRebel Without A CauseAutumn Leaves (film)The SearchersA King In New YorkCat On A Hot Tin Roof (1958 Film)Gigi (1958 Film)Vertigo (film)Ben-Hur (1959 Film)North By NorthwestSome Like It HotSuddenly, Last Summer (film)Psycho (1960 Film)Pocketful Of MiraclesBreakfast At Tiffany's (film)The Children's Hour (film)Lawrence Of Arabia (film)To Kill A Mockingbird (film)What Ever Happened To Baby Jane? (1962 Film)University Of San DiegoInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-520-03068-0David BordwellJanet StaigerKristin ThompsonInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-231-06055-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0813552538Patrick McGilligan (biographer)International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0520056893Barry SaltWheeler Winston DixonInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0-85728-186-9Template:Cinema Of The United StatesTemplate Talk:Cinema Of The United StatesCinema Of The United StatesLists Of American FilmsNational Board Of Review Awards 1929Academy AwardsNew York Film Critics CircleGolden Globe AwardNational Society Of Film CriticsLos Angeles Film Critics AssociationGolden Raspberry AwardsIndependent Spirit Awards2016 American Society Of Cinematographers AwardsCritics' Choice Movie AwardsHollywood Film AwardsDirectors Guild Of America AwardWriters Guild Of America AwardProducers Guild Of America AwardCinema Audio Society AwardsScreen Actors Guild AwardADG Excellence In Production Design AwardsCostume Designers GuildLocation Managers Guild AwardsList Of Movie Theaters And Cinema ChainsFilm Industry In AlaskaList Of Films Shot In ArizonaFilm Industry In ConnecticutFilm Industry In FloridaFilm Industry In Georgia (U.S. State)Film And Television In HawaiiFilm Industry In LouisianaFilm Industry In MichiganNew Hampshire Film And Television OfficeTelevision And Film In New JerseyFilm Industry In New MexicoNorth Carolina Film OfficeEconomy Of OhioList Of Films Shot In OregonFilm Industry In PennsylvaniaCinema Of Puerto RicoVirginia Film OfficeEconomy Of AtlantaList Of Films Shot In BaltimoreChicago Film IndustryGreater Cleveland Film CommissionHistory Of Jacksonville, FloridaFilm In Kansas CityList Of Films Shot In Las VegasList Of Films Shot In Lone PineList Of Films Shot On Long IslandHollywoodList Of Appearances Of Monument Valley In The MediaMedia In New York CityList Of Films Shot In HarlemList Of Films Shot In Palm Springs, CaliforniaList Of Films Shot In PittsburghList Of Films Shot In Riverside, CaliforniaSan Diego Film CommissionList Of Films Shot In SeattleList Of Films Shot In Sonora, CaliforniaList Of Films Shot In Stamford, ConnecticutList Of Productions Using The Vasquez Rocks As A Filming LocationAcademy Of Motion Picture Arts And SciencesAlliance Of Motion Picture And Television ProducersAmerican Society Of CinematographersHollywood Foreign Press AssociationMotion Picture Association Of AmericaUnited States Box Office RecordsAFI 100 Years... SeriesNational Film RegistryPre-Code HollywoodNew HollywoodList Of Living Actors From The Golden Age Of HollywoodList Of Surviving Silent Film ActorsTemplate:Film GenresTemplate Talk:Film GenresFilm GenreAction FilmArthouse Action FilmHeroic BloodshedHong Kong Action CinemaAdventure FilmSurvival FilmArt FilmBiographical FilmChristian Film IndustryComedy FilmBlack ComedyCommedia All'italianaCommedia Sexy All'italianaBromantic ComedyComedy-dramaGross OutComedy HorrorParody FilmMo Lei TauComedy ThrillerComedy Of RemarriageRomantic Comedy FilmSex ComedyScrewball Comedy FilmSilent ComedySlapstick FilmDocumentary FilmAnimated DocumentaryDocudramaMockumentaryMondo FilmPseudo-documentarySemidocumentaryTravel DocumentaryDrama (film And Television)Comedy-dramaHistorical Period DramaLegal DramaMelodramaKorean MelodramaSex In FilmCommedia Sexy All'italianaPink FilmSexploitation FilmErotic ThrillerEducational FilmSocial Guidance FilmEpic FilmPeplum (film Genre)Experimental FilmExploitation FilmTemplate:Exploitation FilmFantasy FilmComic FantasyContemporary FantasyDark FantasyFairy TaleFantastiqueHigh FantasyHistorical FantasyMagic RealismScience FantasyFilm NoirBad Girl MoviesNeo-noirOccult Detective FictionPulp NoirTech NoirGothic FilmGothic Romance FilmSouthern GothicGothic Science FictionSuburban GothicUrban GothicHorror FilmList Of Body Horror MediaCannibal FilmComedy HorrorList Of Eco-horror FilmsFantastiqueFound Footage (film Technique)German Underground HorrorList Of Ghost FilmsGialloHoliday HorrorJapanese HorrorKorean HorrorLovecraftian HorrorMumblecoreList Of Natural Horror FilmsNew French ExtremityOccult Detective FictionPsycho-biddyPsychological HorrorCategory:Religious Horror FilmsList Of Science Fiction Horror FilmsSlasher FilmSplatter FilmSatanic FilmMumblecoreMumblecoreMusical FilmBackstage MusicalJukebox MusicalMusicarelloOperetta FilmSceneggiataMystery FilmGialloOccult Detective FictionPornographic FilmHardcore PornographySoftcore PornographyPropaganda FilmReality FilmRomance FilmRomantic Comedy FilmBromantic ComedyRomantic FantasyGothic Romance FilmParanormal RomanceRomantic ThrillerScience Fiction FilmComic Science FictionCyberpunkFantastiqueScience FantasyGothic Science FictionList Of Science Fiction Horror FilmsMilitary Science FictionMundane Science FictionNew Wave Science FictionParallel Universe (fiction)Planetary RomanceSpace OperaSteampunkSpace WesternThriller FilmComedy ThrillerConspiracy FictionErotic ThrillerFinancial ThrillerGialloLegal ThrillerNew French ExtremityPolitical ThrillerPsychological ThrillerRomantic ThrillerTechno-thrillerTransgressive ArtCinema Of TransgressionNew French ExtremityTrick FilmList Of Films About AnimalsBeach Party FilmBlaxploitationBody SwapBourekas FilmBuddy FilmBuddy Cop FilmFemale Buddy FilmCannibal FilmChicano FilmsColonial CinemaComing-of-age StoryConcert FilmCrime FilmGentleman ThiefGong'an FictionHeist FilmHood FilmGangster FilmMafia FilmMafia ComedyPoliziotteschiYakuza FilmGokudōDance 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RebellionLettrismMumblecoreNeorealism (art)New French ExtremityNew German CinemaNew Generation (Malayalam Film Movement)New HollywoodNew Nigerian CinemaNew Queer CinemaNo Wave CinemaNuevo Cine MexicanoParallel CinemaPersian FilmPoetic RealismPolish Film SchoolPoliziotteschiPraška Filmska školaPrussian FilmPure Film MovementRemodernist FilmRomanian New WaveSpaghetti WesternSocialist RealismSocial RealismKitchen Sink RealismSoviet Parallel CinemaStructural FilmSurrealist CinemaPeplum (film Genre)Telefoni BianchiThird CinemaYugoslav Black WavePornographic FilmChick FlickChildren's FilmChildren's FilmGuy-cry FilmStag FilmTeen FilmWoman's Film3D FilmActuality FilmAnimationAnimeAnimated CartoonComputer AnimationStop MotionTraditional AnimationAnthology FilmArt FilmB MovieBlack And WhiteBlockbuster (entertainment)BollywoodCinéma VéritéCollage FilmColor Motion Picture FilmCompilation FilmComposite FilmCult FilmMidnight MovieDatabase CinemaDocufictionEthnofictionExperimental FilmAbstract AnimationFeature FilmFeaturetteFilm à ClefFilm NoirFilm-poemFound Footage (film Technique)GrindhouseHyperlink CinemaIndependent FilmGuerrilla FilmmakingInterstitial ArtLive ActionList Of Films With Live Action And AnimationLow-budget FilmMajor Film StudioMaking-ofMasala FilmMessage PictureMetacinemaMockbusterMusical ShortMythopoeiaNeorealism (art)No Budget FilmParacinemaParticipatory CinemaPoetry FilmPostmodernist FilmSceneggiataSemidocumentarySerial FilmShinpaShort FilmSilent FilmSocialist RealismSound FilmUnderground FilmVideo NastyZ MovieHelp:CategoryCategory:Cinema Of The United StatesCategory:Film StylesCategory:Hollywood History And CultureCategory:20th Century In American CinemaCategory:Articles To Be Expanded From March 2017Category:All Articles To Be ExpandedCategory:Articles Using Small Message BoxesCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From March 2017Discussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



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