Contents 1 Biography 1.1 Family and early years 1.2 Early writing 1.3 1960s 1.4 Black Sparrow years 1.5 Death and legacy 2 Writing 3 In popular culture 4 Major works 4.1 Novels 4.2 Poetry collections 4.3 Short story chapbooks and collections 4.4 Nonfiction books 4.5 Recordings 4.6 Film and screenplays 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

Biography[edit] Family and early years[edit] Bukowski's birthplace at Aktienstrasse, Andernach Charles Bukowski was born as Heinrich Karl Bukowski [ˈhaɪ̯nʀɪç kaʁl buˈkɔf.skʲi] in Andernach, Germany,[10] to Heinrich (Henry) Bukowski, a German-American in the U.S. army of occupation after World War I who remained in Germany after his army service, and Katharina (née Fett). His paternal grandfather Leonard Bukowski had immigrated to America from the German Empire in the 1880s. In Cleveland, Leonard met Emilie Krause, an ethnic German, who had emigrated from Danzig, Germany (today Gdańsk, Poland). They married and settled in Pasadena. He worked as a successful carpenter. The couple had four children, including Heinrich (Henry), Charles Bukowski's father.[11][12] Katharina Bukowski was the daughter of Wilhelm Fett and Nannette Israel. Bukowski's parents met in Andernach in Germany following World War I. The poet's father was German-American and a sergeant in the United States Army serving in Germany following Germany's defeat in 1918.[11] He had an affair with Katharina, a German friend's sister, and she became pregnant. Charles Bukowski repeatedly claimed to be born out of wedlock, but Andernach marital records indicate that his parents married one month before his birth.[11][13] Afterwards, Henry Bukowski became a building contractor, set to make great financial gains in the aftermath of the war, and after two years moved the family to Pfaffendorf. However, given the crippling reparations being required of Germany, which led to a stagnant economy and high levels of inflation, Henry Bukowski was unable to make a living, so he decided to move the family to the United States. On April 23, 1923, they sailed from Bremerhaven to Baltimore, Maryland, where they settled. The family moved to South Central Los Angeles in 1930, the city where Charles Bukowski's father and grandfather had previously worked and lived.[11][13] Young Charles spoke English with a strong German accent and was taunted by his childhood playmates with the epithet "Heini", meaning German, in his early youth. In the 1930s the poet's father was often unemployed. In the autobiographical Ham on Rye Charles Bukowski says that, with his mother's acquiescence, his father was frequently abusive, both physically and mentally, beating his son for the smallest imagined offense.[14][15] During his youth, Bukowski was shy and socially withdrawn, a condition exacerbated during his teen years by an extreme case of acne.[15] Neighborhood children ridiculed his German accent and the clothing his parents made him wear. In Bukowski: Born Into This, a 2003 film, Bukowski states that his father beat him with a razor strap three times a week from the ages of six to eleven years. He says that it helped his writing, as he came to understand undeserved pain. The depression bolstered his rage as he grew, and gave him much of his voice and material for his writings.[16] In his early teen years, Bukowski had an epiphany when he was introduced to alcohol by his loyal friend William "Baldy" Mullinax, depicted as "Eli LaCrosse" in Ham on Rye, son of an alcoholic surgeon. "This [alcohol] is going to help me for a very long time", he later wrote, describing a method (drinking) he could use to come to more amicable terms with his own life.[14] After graduating from Los Angeles High School, Bukowski attended Los Angeles City College for two years, taking courses in art, journalism, and literature, before quitting at the start of World War II. He then moved to New York to begin a career as a vagrant blue-collar worker with dreams of becoming a writer.[15] On July 22, 1944, with World War II ongoing, Bukowski was arrested by F.B.I. agents in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he lived at the time, on suspicion of draft evasion. His German birth was troubling at a time when the United States was at war with Germany and many Germans and German-Americans in the United States were suspected of disloyalty. He was held for seventeen days in Philadelphia's Moyamensing Prison. Sixteen days later, he failed a psychological examination that was part of his mandatory military entrance physical test and was given a Selective Service Classification of 4-F (unfit for military service). Early writing[edit] When Bukowski was twenty-three, his short story "Aftermath of a Lengthy Rejection Slip" was published in Story magazine. Two years later, another short story, "20 Tanks from Kasseldown", was published by the Black Sun Press in Issue III of Portfolio: An Intercontinental Quarterly, a limited-run, loose-leaf broadside collection printed in 1946 and edited by Caresse Crosby. Failing to break into the literary world, Bukowski grew disillusioned with the publication process and quit writing for almost a decade, a time that he referred to as a "ten-year drunk". These "lost years" formed the basis for his later semiautobiographical chronicles, and there are fictionalized versions of Bukowski's life through his highly stylized alter-ego, Henry Chinaski.[4] During part of this period he continued living in Los Angeles, working at a pickle factory for a short time but also spending some time roaming about the United States, working sporadically and staying in cheap rooming houses.[11] A panel is dedicated to Bukowski about his youth experiences in New Orleans' French Quarter in that city's International House Hotel on the 3rd floor. In the early 1950s, Bukowski took a job as a fill-in letter carrier with the U.S. Postal Service in Los Angeles but resigned just before he reached three years' service. In 1955 he was treated for a near-fatal bleeding ulcer. After leaving the hospital he began to write poetry.[11] In 1955 he agreed to marry small-town Texas poet Barbara Frye, sight unseen, but they divorced in 1958. According to Howard Sounes's Charles Bukowski: Locked in the Arms of a Crazy Life, she later died under mysterious circumstances in India. Following his divorce, Bukowski resumed drinking and continued writing poetry.[11] Several of his poems were published in the late 1950s in Gallows, a small poetry magazine published briefly (the magazine lasted for two issues) by Jon Griffith.[17] The small avant garde literary magazine Nomad, published by Anthony Linick and Donald Factor (the son of Max Factor, Jr.), offered a home to Bukowski's early work. Nomad's inaugural issue in 1959 featured two of his poems. A year later, Nomad published one of Bukowski's best known essays, Manifesto: A Call for Our Own Critics.[18] 1960s[edit] By 1960, Bukowski had returned to the post office in Los Angeles where he began work as a letter filing clerk, a position he held for more than a decade. In 1962, he was traumatized by the death of Jane Cooney Baker, the object of his first serious romantic attachment. Bukowski turned his inner devastation into a series of poems and stories lamenting her death. In 1964 a daughter, Marina Louise Bukowski, was born to Bukowski and his live-in girlfriend Frances Smith, whom he referred to as a "white-haired hippie", "shack-job", and "old snaggle-tooth".[19] E.V. Griffith, editor of Hearse Press, published Bukowski’s first separately printed publication, a broadside titled “His Wife, the Painter”, in June 1960. This was followed by Hearse Press's publication of “Flower, Fist and Bestial Wail”, Bukowski’s first chapbook of poems, in October, 1960. “His Wife, the Painter” and three other broadsides (“The Paper on the Floor”, “The Old Man on the Corner” and “Waste Basket”) formed the centerpiece of Hearse Press's “Coffin 1”, an innovative small-poetry publication consisting of a pocketed folder containing 42 broadsides and lithographs which was published in 1964. Hearse Press continued to publish poems by Bukowski through the 1960s, 1970s, and early 1980s.[20] Jon and Louise Webb, publishers of The Outsider literary magazine, featured some of Bukowski's poetry in its pages. Under the Loujon Press imprint, the Webbs published Bukowski's It Catches My Heart in Its Hands in 1963 and Crucifix in a Deathhand in 1965. Beginning in 1967, Bukowski wrote the column "Notes of a Dirty Old Man" for Los Angeles' Open City, an underground newspaper. When Open City was shut down in 1969, the column was picked up by the Los Angeles Free Press as well as the hippie underground paper NOLA Express in New Orleans. In 1969 Bukowski and Neeli Cherkovski launched their own short-lived mimeographed literary magazine, Laugh Literary and Man the Humping Guns. They produced three issues over the next two years. Black Sparrow years[edit] In 1969 Bukowski accepted an offer from legendary Black Sparrow Press publisher John Martin and quit his post office job to dedicate himself to full-time writing. He was then 49 years old. As he explained in a letter at the time, "I have one of two choices – stay in the post office and go crazy ... or stay out here and play at writer and starve. I have decided to starve."[21] Less than one month after leaving the postal service he finished his first novel, Post Office. As a measure of respect for Martin's financial support and faith in a relatively unknown writer, Bukowski published almost all of his subsequent major works with Black Sparrow Press, which became a highly successful enterprise owing to Martin's business acumen and editorial skills. An avid supporter of small independent presses, Bukowski continued to submit poems and short stories to innumerable small publications throughout his career.[15] Bukowski embarked on a series of love affairs and one-night trysts. One of these relationships was with Linda King, a poet and sculptress. Critic Robert Peters reported seeing the poet as actor in Linda King’s play Only a Tenant, in which she and Bukowski stage-read the first act at the Pasadena Museum of the Artist. This was a one-off performance of what was a shambolic work.[22] His other affairs were with a recording executive and a twenty-three-year-old redhead; he wrote a book of poetry as a tribute to his love for the latter, titled, "Scarlet" (Black Sparrow Press, 1976). His various affairs and relationships provided material for his stories and poems. Another important relationship was with "Tanya", pseudonym of "Amber O'Neil" (also a pseudonym), described in Bukowski's "Women" as a pen-pal that evolved into a week-end tryst at Bukowski's residence in Los Angeles in the 1970s. "Amber O'Neil" later self-published a chapbook about the affair entitled "Blowing My Hero".[23] In 1976, Bukowski met Linda Lee Beighle, a health food restaurant owner, rock-and-roll groupie, aspiring actress, heiress to a small Philadelphia "Main Line" fortune and devotee of Meher Baba. Two years later Bukowski moved from the East Hollywood area, where he had lived for most of his life, to the harborside community of San Pedro,[24] the southernmost district of the City of Los Angeles. Beighle followed him and they lived together intermittently over the next two years. They were eventually married by Manly Palmer Hall, a Canadian-born author, mystic, and spiritual teacher in 1985. Beighle is referred to as "Sara" in Bukowski's novels Women and Hollywood. In May, 1978, he returned to Germany and gave a live poetry reading of his work before an audience in Hamburg. This was released as a double 12" L.P. stereo record titled "CHARLES BUKOWSKI 'Hello. It's good to be back.' " His last international performance was in October 1979 in Vancouver, British Columbia. It was released on D.V.D. as There's Gonna Be a God Damn Riot in Here.[25] In March 1980 he gave his last reading at the Sweetwater club in Redondo Beach, which was released as Hostage on audio CD and The Last Straw on DVD.[26] In the 1980s he collaborated with illustrator Robert Crumb on a series of comic books, with Bukowski supplying the writing and Crumb providing the artwork. Death and legacy[edit] Bukowski died of leukemia on March 9, 1994, in San Pedro, aged 73, shortly after completing his last novel, Pulp. The funeral rites, orchestrated by his widow, were conducted by Buddhist monks. He is interred at Green Hills Memorial Park in Rancho Palos Verdes. An account of the proceedings can be found in Gerald Locklin's book Charles Bukowski: A Sure Bet. His gravestone reads: "Don't Try", a phrase which Bukowski uses in one of his poems, advising aspiring writers and poets about inspiration and creativity. Bukowski explained the phrase in a 1963 letter to John William Corrington: "Somebody at one of these places [...] asked me: 'What do you do? How do you write, create?' You don't, I told them. You don't try. That's very important: not to try, either for Cadillacs, creation or immortality. You wait, and if nothing happens, you wait some more. It's like a bug high on the wall. You wait for it to come to you. When it gets close enough you reach out, slap out and kill it. Or if you like its looks you make a pet out of it." Bukowski was an atheist.[27] In June 2006 Bukowski's literary archive was donated by his widow to the Huntington Library in San Marino, California. Copies of all editions of his work published by the Black Sparrow Press are held at Western Michigan University which purchased the archive of the publishing house after its closure in 2003. ECCO continues to release new collections of his poetry, culled from the thousands of works published in small literary magazines. According to ECCO, the 2007 release The People Look Like Flowers At Last will be his final posthumous release as now all his once-unpublished work has been made available.[28]

Writing[edit] Writers including John Fante,[29] Knut Hamsun,[29] Louis-Ferdinand Céline,[29] Ernest Hemingway,[30] Robinson Jeffers,[30] Henry Miller,[29] D. H. Lawrence,[30] Fyodor Dostoyevsky,[30] Du Fu,[30] Li Bai[30] are noted as influences on Bukowski's writing. Bukowski often spoke of Los Angeles as his favorite subject. In a 1974 interview he said, "You live in a town all your life, and you get to know every bitch on the street corner and half of them you have already messed around with. You've got the layout of the whole land. You have a picture of where you are.... Since I was raised in L.A., I've always had the geographical and spiritual feeling of being here. I've had time to learn this city. I can't see any other place than L.A."[21] Bukowski also performed live readings of his works, beginning in 1962 on radio station KPFK in Los Angeles and increasing in frequency through the 1970s. Drinking was often a featured part of the readings, along with a combative banter with the audience.[31] Bukowski could also be generous, for example, after a sold-out show at Amazingrace Coffeehouse in Evanston, Illinois on Nov. 18, 1975, he signed and illustrated over 100 copies of his poem "Winter," published by No Mountains Poetry Project. By the late 1970s Bukowski's income was sufficient to give up live readings. One critic has described Bukowski's fiction as a "detailed depiction of a certain taboo male fantasy: the uninhibited bachelor, slobby, anti-social, and utterly free", an image he tried to live up to with sometimes riotous public poetry readings and boorish party behavior.[32] A few critics and commentators, also, supported the idea that Bukowski was a cynic, as a man and a writer; yet he was a pure stoic, not a cynic. As Bukowski stated himself in an interview: "I've always been accused of being a cynic. I think cynicism is sour grapes. I think cynicism is a weakness."[33]. Actually this was a crucial misunderstanding, on the part of the critics, based on the confusion between the two terms: cynic and stoic. Therefore Bukowski's works, in terms of ethics, were stoic, and not cynic.

In popular culture[edit] French cineaste Jean-Luc Godard praised Bukowski for his work creating the English subtitles for his 1980 film Sauve qui peut la vie.[34] In 1981, the Italian director Marco Ferreri made a film, Storie di ordinaria follia aka Tales of Ordinary Madness, loosely based on the short stories of Bukowski; Ben Gazzara played the role of Bukowski's character. Barfly, released in 1987, is a semi-autobiographical film written by Bukowski and starring Mickey Rourke as Henry Chinaski, who represents Bukowski, and Faye Dunaway as his lover Wanda Wilcox. Sean Penn had offered to play the part of Chinaski for as little as a dollar as long as his friend Dennis Hopper would provide direction, but the European director Barbet Schroeder had invested many years and thousands of dollars in the project and Bukowski felt Schroeder deserved to make it. Bukowski wrote the screenplay for the film and appears as a bar patron in a brief cameo. In 2011, the actor James Franco publicly stated that he was in the process of making a film adaptation of Bukowski's novel Ham on Rye.[35] He wrote the script with his brother Dave, and explained that his reason for wanting to make the film is that "Ham on Rye is one of my favorite books of all time." The adaptation began shooting in Los Angeles on January 22, 2013 with Franco directing. The film is partially being shot in Oxford Square, a historic neighborhood of Los Angeles.[36] US band Red Hot Chili Peppers reference Bukowski and his works in several songs, including the line "pick up my book, I read Bukowski" in the song "Mellowship Slinky in B Major" from their 1991 album Blood Sugar Sex Magic, and the line "oh, here's your Ham on Rye" in "Long Progression", from their 2016 I'm with You Sessions. Singer Anthony Kiedis has stated that Bukowski is a big influence on his writing. The 2004 album Good News for People Who Love Bad News by alternative rock band Modest Mouse included song entitled "Bukowski." The song "Little Blue", from the album Blue Is the Colour by the English alternative rock band The Beautiful South has the line: "Well, Bukowski wrote a story from a barstool".

Major works[edit] Novels[edit] Post Office (1971), ISBN 978-0061177576 Factotum (1975), ISBN 978-0061131271 Women (1978), ISBN 978-0876853917 Ham on Rye (1982), ISBN 978-0876855591 Hollywood (1989), ISBN 978-0876857656 Pulp (1994), ISBN 978-0876859261 Poetry collections[edit] Flower, Fist, and Bestial Wail (1960) It Catches My Heart in Its Hands (1963) Crucifix in a Deathhand (1965) At Terror Street and Agony Way (1968) Poems Written Before Jumping Out of an 8 story Window (1968) A Bukowski Sampler (1969) The Days Run Away Like Wild Horses Over the Hills (1969) Fire Station (1970) Mockingbird Wish Me Luck (1972), ISBN 978-0876851395 Burning in Water, Drowning in Flame: Selected Poems 1955–1973 (1974) Scarlet (1976) Maybe Tomorrow (1977) Love Is a Dog from Hell (1977), ISBN 978-0876853634 Play the Piano Drunk Like a Percussion Instrument Until the Fingers Begin to Bleed a Bit (1979), ISBN 978-0876854389 Dangling in the Tournefortia (1981), ISBN 978-0876855263 War All the Time: Poems 1981–1984 (1984) You Get So Alone at Times That It Just Makes Sense (1986) The Roominghouse Madrigals (1988), 978-0876857335 Septuagenarian Stew: Stories & Poems (1990) People Poems (1991) The Last Night of the Earth Poems (1992), ISBN 978-0876858653 Betting on the Muse: Poems and Stories (1996), ISBN 978-1574230024 Bone Palace Ballet (book)|Bone Palace Ballet (1998) What Matters Most Is How Well You Walk Through the Fire. (1999) Open All Night (2000) The Night Torn Mad with Footsteps (2001) Sifting Through the Madness for the Word, the Line, the Way (2003), ISBN 978-0060527358 The Flash of the Lightning Behind the Mountain (2004) Slouching Toward Nirvana (2005) Come on In! (2006) The People Look Like Flowers at Last (2007) The Pleasures of the Damned: Selected Poems 1951–1993 (2007), ISBN 978-0061228438 The Continual Condition (2009) On Writing (2015) On Cats (2015) On Love (2016) Short story chapbooks and collections[edit] Confessions of a Man Insane Enough to Live with Beasts (1965) All the Assholes in the World and Mine (1966) Notes of a Dirty Old Man (1969) Erections, Ejaculations, Exhibitions, and General Tales of Ordinary Madness (1972) ISBN 978-0-87286-061-2 South of No North (1973), ISBN 978-0876851906 Hot Water Music (1983) Tales of Ordinary Madness (1983) The Most Beautiful Woman in Town (1983) Prying (with Jack Micheline and Catfish McDaris) (1997) ASIN: B000I92IS0 Portions from a Wine-stained Notebook: Short Stories and Essays (2008) ISBN 978-0-87286-492-4. Absence of the Hero (2010) More Notes of a Dirty Old Man (2011) The Bell Tolls For No One (CityLights, 2015 edition) Nonfiction books[edit] Shakespeare Never Did This (1979); expanded (1995) The Bukowski/Purdy Letters (1983) Screams from the Balcony: Selected Letters (1993) Living on Luck: Selected Letters, vol. 2 (1995) The Captain Is Out to Lunch and the Sailors Have Taken Over the Ship (1998), ISBN 978-1574230598 Reach for the Sun: Selected Letters, vol. 3 (1999) Beerspit Night and Cursing: The Correspondense of Charles Bukowski and Sheri Martinelli (2001) Sunlight here I am: Interviews and encounters, 1963–1993 (2003) On Writing Edited by Abel Debritto (2015), ISBN 978-0062417404 The Mathematics of the Breath and the Way: On Writers and Writing Edited by David Stephen Calonne (City Lights, 2018) ISBN 978-0872867598 Recordings[edit] At Terror Street and Agony Way, Open reel tape, 1968 Poetry – Charles Bukowski, Steven Richmond, LP, 1968 A Cold Turkey Press Special, LP, 1972 Totally Corrupt, The Dial-A-Poem Poets, LP, 1976 90 Minutes in Hell, LP, 1977 Hello. It's good to be back., LP, 1978 Bukowski Reads His Poetry, LP, 1980 Voices of the Angels, LP, 1982 English As A Second Language, LP, 1983 Neighborhood Rhythms, LP, 1984 Cassette Gazette, Cassette, 1985 Hostage, LP 1985 Movable Feast #3, Cassette, 1986 The Charles Bukowski Tapes, VHS, 1987 Bukowski at Bellevue, VHS, 1988 Beat Scene Magazine #12, Flexi-disc, 1991 Hostage, CD, 1994 King of Poets, CD, 1995 70 Minutes in Hell, CD, 1997 At Terror Street and Agony Way, CD, 1998 Run with the Hunted, Cassette, 1998 Charles Bukowski: Uncensored, CD, 2000 Born Into This, DVD, 2003 Bukowski at Bellevue, DVD, 2004 Bukowski Reads His Poetry, CD, 2004 Bukowski Reads His Poetry, CD, 2004 Poems and Insults, CD, 2004 Solid Citizen, CD, 2004 12 Great Americans, CD, 2006 The Charles Bukowski Tapes, DVD, 2006 Bukowski at Baudelaire's, mp3, 2007 (not commercially released) Underwater Poetry Festival, CD, 2007 Hello. It's good to be back., CD, 2008 Poetry of Charles Bukowski, CDR, 2008 There's Gonna Be a God Damn Riot in Here, DVD, 2008 The Last Straw, DVD, 2008 One Tough Mother, Disc 1: There's Gonna Be a God Damn Riot in Here, DVD, 2010 One Tough Mother, Disc 2: The Last Straw, DVD, 2010 Bukowski at the San Francisco Museum of Art, Cassette, 2010 Bukowski at the San Francisco Museum of Art, VHS tape 2010 Thomas Schmitt film, 1978 Hamburg reading, mp4, 2015 (not commercially released)[37] Film and screenplays[edit] Bukowski at Bellevue 1970 (1995)  – Poetry Reading[38] Bukowski 1973 – Californian KCET TV Documentary Supervan 1977 – Feature Film (Not based on Bukowski's work but Bukowski had cameo appearance as Wet T-shirt Contest Water Boy) There's Gonna Be a God Damn Riot in Here – Filmed: 1979; DVD Release: 2008 – Poetry Reading The Last Straw – Filmed: 1980; DVD Release: 2008 – Poetry Reading Tales of Ordinary Madness – Feature Film Poetry in Motion (film), a documentary film (1982) Barfly 1987 – Feature Film Crazy Love 1987 – Feature Film (Belgium) The Ordinary Madness of Charles Bukowski (1995), (BBC documentary).[39][40] Bukowski: Born Into This 2002 – Biographical Documentary Factotum 2005 – Feature Film The Suicide 2006 – Short film One Tough Mother 2010 Released on DVD – Poetry Reading Mermaid of Venice 2011 – Short film Charles Bukowski's Nirvana 2013 – Short film[41] Sitting on a Fire Escape Eating Eggs 2015 – Short film[42][43]

See also[edit] Charles Bukowski's influence on popular culture Bukowski (1973 film) Bukowski (2017 film) [44]

References[edit] ^ Dobozy, Tamas (2001). "In the Country of Contradiction the Hypocrite is King: Defining Dirty Realism in Charles Bukowski's Factotum". Modern Fiction Studies. 47: 43–68. doi:10.1353/mfs.2001.0002.  ^ "Charles Bukowski (criticism)". Retrieved 2014-07-17.  ^ Donnelly, Ben. "The Review of Contemporary Fiction: Charles Bukowski: Locked in the Arms of a Crazy Life by Howard Sounces". Dalkey Archive Press at the University of Illinois. Archived from the original on 2008-10-11.  ^ a b "Bukowski, Charles". Columbia University Press.  Missing or empty |url= (help) ^ "Charles Bukowski FBI files".  ^ Keeler, Emily (September 9, 2013). "The FBI kept its own notes on 'dirty old man' Charles Bukowski". Los Angeles Times.  ^ "Charles Bukowski, King of the Underground From Obscurity to Literary Icon". Palgrave Macmillan.  ^ Iyer, Pico (June 16, 1986). "Celebrities Who Travel Well". Time. Retrieved April 28, 2010.  ^ Kirsch, Adam (14 March 2005). "Smashed". The New Yorker.  ^ According to the Czech Wikipedia page, his Czech translator Robert Hýsek stated in a radio interview, with no factual evidence whatsoever, that it is possible that Bukowski was actually born in the village of Pazderna, near Frýdek-Místek, in the current-day Czech Republic; at that time in the Silesian part of Czechoslovakia, where Polish is still spoken to this day. cs:Charles Bukowski#cite note-2 ^ a b c d e f g Charles Bukowski (2009) Barry Miles. Random House, 2009, ISBN 978-0-7535-2159-5[page needed] ^ Neeli Cherkovski: Das Leben des Charles Bukowski. München 1993, p. 18-20. ^ a b Sounes, Howard. Charles Bukowski: Locked in the Arms of a Crazy Life, p. 8 ^ a b Bukowski, Charles (1982). Ham on Rye. Ecco. ISBN 0-06-117758-X.  ^ a b c d Young, Molly. "Poetry Foundation of America. Bukowski Profile". Retrieved 2014-07-17.  ^ "Charles Bukowski 1920–94". Routlage.  Missing or empty |url= (help) ^ "Sheaf, Hearse, Coffin, Poetry NOW" by E.V. Griffith (Hearse Press, 1996), pp. 23 ^ Debritto (2013), p.90. ^ Bukowski, Charles Run with the hunted: a Charles Bukowski reader, Edited by John Martin (Ecco, 2003), pp. 363-365 ^ "Sheaf, Hearse, Coffin, Poetry NOW" by E.V. Griffith (Hearse Press, 1996), pp. 30, 32 ^ a b "''Introduction to Charles Bukowski'' by Jay Dougherty". 1920-08-16. Retrieved 2014-07-17.  ^ "Charles Bukowski – Criticism". BookRags.  ^ Sounes, Howard. Charles Bukowski: Locked in the Arms of a Crazy Life. Grove Press, 1998. 275. ^ Ciotti, Paul. (March 22, 1987) Los Angeles Times Bukowski: He's written more than 40 books, and in Europe he's treated like a rock star. He has dined with Norman Mailer and goes to the race track with Sean Penn. Mickey Rourke and Faye Dunaway are starring in a movie based on his life. At 66, poet Charles Bukowski is suddenly in vogue. Section: Los Angeles Times Magazine; p12. ^ "Charles Bukowski: There's Gonna Be a God Damn Riot in Here! Live in Vancouver (1979) – Trailers, Reviews, Synopsis, Showtimes and Cast". AllMovie. Retrieved 2014-07-17.  ^ "Charles Bukowski: The Last Straw (1980) – Trailers, Reviews, Synopsis, Showtimes and Cast". AllMovie. Retrieved 2014-07-17.  ^ "For those who believe in God, most of the big questions are answered. But for those of us who can't readily accept the God formula, the big answers don't remain stone-written. We adjust to new conditions and discoveries. We are pliable. Love need not be a command or faith a dictum. I am my own God. We are here to unlearn the teachings of the church, state and our education system. We are here to drink beer. We are here to kill war. We are here to laugh at the odds and live our lives so well that Death will tremble to take us."--Charles Bukowski, Life (magazine), December 1988, quoted from James A. Haught, ed, 2000 Years of Disbelief. ^ "''The People Look Like Flowers At Last: New Poems''". 1994-03-09. Retrieved 2014-07-17.  ^ a b c d Hemmingson, Michael (October 9, 2008). The Dirty Realism Duo: Charles Bukowski & Raymond Carver. Borgo Press. pp. 70, 71. ISBN 1-4344-0257-6.  ^ a b c d e f Charlson, David (July 6, 2006). Charles Bukowski: Autobiographer, Gender Critic, Iconoclast. Trafford Publishing. p. 30. ISBN 1-4120-5966-6.  ^ "Excerpt from letter from Bukowski to Carl Weissner – included in ""Living on Luck Selected Letters 1960s – 1970s Volume 2"", page 276". Retrieved 2014-07-17.  ^ Boston Review Archived February 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ ON CYNICISM: ^ Jean-Luc Godard pt. 1 on YouTube (24 min in) on The Dick Cavett Show ^ "Oscar's press release. ''Ham on rye''" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-09-30. Retrieved 2014-07-17.  ^ Richard Verrier (2013-02-13). "'Bukowski' plays role in modest rise for local film production". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-07-17.  ^ ^ TheExpatriate700 (5 November 2010). "Bukowski at Bellevue (1995)". IMDb.  ^ "The ordinary madness of Charles Bukowski".  ^ "Bookmark".  ^ "Charles Bukowski's Nirvana (2013)". IMDb. 1 January 2013.  ^ Sitting on a Fire Escape Eating Eggs (Charles Bukowski Short Film). Vimeo.  ^ "Sitting on a Fire Escape Eating Eggs (2015)". IMDb. 10 May 2015.  ^ Genius Retrieved 5 February 2018.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

Further reading[edit] Brewer, Gay (1997). Charles Bukowski: Twayne's United States Authors Series. ISBN 0-8057-4558-0. Charlson, David (2005). Charles Bukowski: Autobiographer, Gender Critic, Iconoclast. Trafford Press. ISBN 978-1-41205-966-4. Cherkovski, Neeli (1991). Hank: The Life of Charles Bukowski. ISBN 3-87512-235-6. Dorbin, Sanford (1969). A Bibliography of Charles Bukowski, Black Sparrow Press. Duval Jean-François (2002). Bukowski and the Beats followed by An Evening At Buk's Place: an Interview with Charles Bukowski. Sun Dog Press. ISBN 0-941543-30-7. Fogel, Al (2000). Charles Bukowski: A Comprehensive Price Guide & Checklist, 1944–1999. Fox, Hugh (1969). Charles Bukowski: A Critical and Bibliographical Study. Harrison, Russell (1994). Against The American Dream: Essays on Charles Bukowski. ISBN 0876859597. Krumhansl, Aaron (1999). A Descriptive Bibliography of the Primary Publications of Charles Bukowski. Black Sparrow Press. ISBN 1-57423-104-9. Pleasants, Ben (2004). Visceral Bukowski. Sounes, Howard (1998). Charles Bukowski: Locked in the Arms of a Crazy Life. ISBN 0-8021-1645-0. Wood, Pamela (2010). Charles Bukowski's Scarlet. Sun Dog Press. ISBN 978-0-941543-58-3.

External links[edit] Wikiquote has quotations related to: Charles Bukowski Works by or about Charles Bukowski in libraries (WorldCat catalog) Charles Bukowski on IMDb Works by Charles Bukowski, cataloged by WorldCat Timeline of Bukowski's life and publications at "the world's premiere Charles Bukowski website and discussion forum" Profile, Bibliography, and poems at Poetry Foundation Profile and poems at "Hanging with Bukowski at the Gotlieb Center". BU Today. Boston University 26 March 2009 Guide to the Charles Bukowski Manuscript. Special Collections and Archives, The UC Irvine Libraries, Irvine, California. "Bukowski Comes to Wormwood", The Wormwood Review 1985 "Mickey Rourke plays a tough barfly". Interview with Bukowski 10 February 1987. Chicago Sun Times 13 August 2000 Bukowski profile (audio, 11 mins) NPR. "Smashed:The pulp poetry of Charles Bukowski" by Adam Kirsch at The New Yorker 14-03-2005 HarperCollins profile, timeline and resources 77 Thought-Provoking Charles Bukowski Quotes v t e Charles Bukowski Novels Post Office (1971) Factotum (1975) Ham on Rye (1978) Women (1982) Hollywood (1989) Pulp (1994) Collections Notes of a Dirty Old Man (1969) Erections, Ejaculations, Exhibitions, and General Tales of Ordinary Madness (1972) South of No North (1973) Hot Water Music (1983) Tales of Ordinary Madness (1983) The Most Beautiful Woman in Town (1983) The Captain Is Out to Lunch and the Sailors Have Taken Over the Ship (1998) Portions from a Wine-stained Notebook: Short Stories and Essays (2008) More Notes of a Dirty Old Man (2011) Related Bukowski (1973 film) Bukowski (upcoming film) Charles Bukowski: Locked in the Arms of a Crazy Life (1998 biography) Henry Chinaski Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 64002815 LCCN: n79091866 ISNI: 0000 0001 1405 9853 GND: 11851735X SELIBR: 174402 SUDOC: 026758725 BNF: cb11894503x (data) MusicBrainz: 1ad1c7db-cf3f-46c8-96e9-24be0a29e027 NLA: 36355649 NDL: 00463977 NKC: jn20000720038 ICCU: IT\ICCU\CFIV\004032 BNE: XX1156455 SNAC: w6sx8g8p Retrieved from "" Categories: Charles Bukowski1920 births1994 deaths20th-century American novelists20th-century American poetsAmerican atheistsAmerican erotica writersAmerican male novelistsAmerican male poetsGerman emigrants to the United StatesDeaths from cancer in CaliforniaDeaths from leukemiaObscenity controversies in literatureOutlaw poetsPeople from the Rhine ProvinceWriters from Los AngelesHidden categories: Pages using web citations with no URLWikipedia articles needing page number citations from June 2013CS1: Julian–Gregorian uncertaintyWebarchive template wayback linksPages with citations lacking titlesPages with citations having bare URLsArticles with hCardsAC with 14 elementsWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiersWikipedia articles with NLA identifiersWikipedia articles with SBN identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers

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