Contents 1 History 1.1 The Coco Chanel era 1.2 The post-Coco era 2 Corporate identity 2.1 Logotype 3 Label 3.1 Trademarks 4 Products 4.1 Runways 4.1.1 Gallery 4.2 Fragrance 4.2.1 Perfumes 4.2.2 Colognes 4.3 Makeup and skincare 4.4 Fine jewellery 4.5 Watches 5 Shows 6 Stores 7 Gallery 8 Chanel models 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] The Coco Chanel era[edit] Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel in 1920 Establishment and recognition — 1909–1920s The actress Gabrielle Dorziat wearing a Chanel plumed hat (1912) The House of Chanel (Chanel S.A.) originated in 1909 when Gabrielle Chanel opened a millinery shop at 160 Boulevard Malesherbes, the ground floor of the Parisian flat of the socialite and textile businessman Étienne Balsan, of whom she was the mistress.[3] Because the Balsan flat also was a salon for the French hunting and sporting élite, Chanel had the opportunity to meet their demi-mondaine mistresses, who, as such, were women of fashion, upon whom the rich men displayed their wealth — as ornate clothes, jewelry, and hats. Coco Chanel thus could sell to them the hats she designed and made; she thus earned a living, independent of her financial sponsor, the socialite Balsan. In the course of those salons Coco Chanel befriended Arthur ‘Boy’ Capel, an English socialite and polo player friend of Étienne Balsan; per the upper class social custom, Chanel also became mistress to Boy Capel. Despite that social circumstance, Boy Capel perceived the businesswoman innate to Coco Chanel, and, in 1910, financed her first independent millinery shop, Chanel Modes, at 21 rue Cambon, Paris. Because that locale already housed a dress shop, the business-lease limited Chanel to selling only millinery products, not couture. Two years later, in 1913, the Deauville and Biarritz couture shops of Coco Chanel offered for sale prêt-à-porter sports clothes for women, the practical designs of which allowed the wearer to play sport.[3][6] The First World War (1914–18) affected European fashion through scarcity of materials, and the mobilisation of women. By that time, Chanel had opened a large dress shop at 31 rue Cambon, near the Hôtel Ritz, in Paris; among the clothes for sale were flannel blazers, straight-line skirts of linen, sailor blouses, long sweaters made of jersey fabric, and skirt-and-jacket suits. Coco Chanel used jersey cloth because of its physical properties as a garment, such as its drape — how it falls upon and falls from the body of the woman — and how well it adapted to a simple garment-design. Sartorially, some of Chanel’s designs derived from the military uniforms made prevalent by the War; and, by 1915, the designs and the clothes produced by the House of Chanel were known throughout France.[3] In 1915 and in 1917, Harper’s Bazaar magazine reported that the garments of the House of Chanel were "on the list of every buyer" for the clothing factories of Europe.[3] The Chanel dress shop at 31 rue Cambon presented day-wear dress-and-coat ensembles of simple design, and black evening dresses trimmed with lace; and tulle-fabric dresses decorated with jet, a minor gemstone material.[3] After the First World War, the House of Chanel, following the fashion trends of the 1920s, produced beaded dresses, made especially popular by the Flapper woman.[3] By 1920, Chanel had designed and presented a woman’s suit of clothes — composed either of two garments or of three garments — which allowed a woman to have a modern, feminine appearance, whilst being comfortable and practical to maintain; advocated as the "new uniform for afternoon and evening", it became known as the Chanel Suit. In 1921, to complement the suit of clothes, Coco Chanel commissioned the perfumer Ernest Beaux to create a perfume for the House of Chanel, his perfumes included the perfume No.5, named after the number of the sample Chanel liked best. Originally, a bottle of No. 5 de Chanel was a gift to clients of Chanel. The popularity of the perfume prompted the House of Chanel to offer it for retail sale in 1922. In 1923, to explain the success of her clothes, Coco Chanel told Harper’s Bazaar magazine that design "simplicity is the keynote of all true elegance."[3][9] Business partners — late 1920s The success of the No. 5 encouraged Coco Chanel to expand perfume sales beyond France and Europe and to develop other perfumes — for which she required investment capital, business acumen, and access to the North American market. To that end, the businessman Théophile Bader (founder of Galeries Lafayette) introduced the venture capitalist Pierre Wertheimer to Coco Chanel. Their business deal established the Parfums Chanel company, a parfumerie of which Wertheimer owned 70 per cent, Bader owned 20 per cent, and Chanel owned 10 per cent; commercial success of the joint enterprise was assured by the Chanel name, and by the cachet of la "Maison Chanel", which remained the sole business province of Coco Chanel.[8] Nonetheless, despite the success of the Chanel couture and parfumerie, the personal relations between Coco and her capitalist partner deteriorated, because, Coco said that Pierre Wertheimer was exploiting her talents as a fashion designer and as a businesswoman.[8] Wertheimer reminded Chanel that he had made her a very rich woman; and that his venture capital had funded Chanel’s productive expansion of the parfumerie which created the wealth they enjoyed, all from the success of No. 5 de Chanel. Nevertheless, unsatisfied, the businesswoman Gabrielle Chanel hired the attorney René de Chambrun to renegotiate the 10-per-cent partnership she entered, in 1924, with the Parfums Chanel company; the lawyer-to-lawyer negotiations failed, and the partnership-percentages remained as established in the original business deal among Wertheimer, Badel, and Chanel.[8] Elegance and the war — 1930s–1940s From the gamine fashions of the 1920s, Coco Chanel had progressed to womanly fashions in the 1930s: evening-dress designs were characterised by an elongated feminine style, and summer dresses featured contrasts such as silver eyelets, and shoulder straps decorated with rhinestones - drawing from Renaissance-time fashion stylings. In 1932, Chanel presented an exhibition of jewelry dedicated to the diamond as a fashion accessory; it featured the Comet and Fountain necklaces of diamonds, which were of such original design, that Chanel S.A. re-presented them in 1993. Moreover, by 1937, the House of Chanel had expanded the range of its clothes to more women and presented prêt-à-porter clothes designed and cut for the petite woman.[3] Among fashion designers, only the clothes created by Elsa Schiaparelli could compete with the clothes of Chanel.[3] Chanel’s spymaster: General Walter Schellenberg Chief of the Sicherheitsdienst. During the Second World War (1939–45), Coco Chanel closed shop at Maison Chanel — leaving only jewellry and parfumerie for sale — and moved to the Hôtel Ritz Paris, where she lived with her boyfriend, Hans Günther von Dincklage, a Nazi intelligence officer.[3][6][8] Upon conquering France in June 1940, the Nazis established a Parisian occupation-headquarters in the Hôtel Meurice, on the rue de la Rivoli, opposite the Louvre Museum, and just around the corner from the fashionable Maison Chanel S.A., at 31 rue Cambon.[3] Meanwhile, because of the Nazi occupation’s official anti-Semitism, Pierre Wertheimer and family, had fled France to the U.S., in mid-1940. Later, in 1941, Coco Chanel attempted to assume business control of Parfums Chanel but was thwarted by an administrative delegation that disallowed her sole disposition of the parfumerie. Having foreseen the Nazi occupation policy of the seizure-and-expropriation to Germany of Jewish business and assets in France, Pierre Wertheimer, the majority partner, had earlier, in May 1940, designated Felix Amiot, a Christian French industrialist, as the "Aryan" proxy whose legal control of the Parfums Chanel business proved politically acceptable to the Nazis, who then allowed the perfume company to continue as an operating business.[8][10] Occupied France abounded with rumours that Coco Chanel was a Nazi collaborator; her clandestine identity was secret agent 7124 of the Abwehr, code-named "Westminster".[11] As such, by order of General Walter Schellenberg, of the Sicherheitsdienst, Chanel was despatched to London on a mission to communicate to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill the particulars of a "separate peace" plan proposed by Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, who sought to avoid surrendering to the Red Army of the Soviet Russians. At War’s end, upon the Allied liberation of France, Chanel was arrested for having collaborated with the Nazis. In September 1944, the Free French Purge Committee, the épuration, summoned Chanel for interrogation about her collaborationism, yet, without documentary evidence of or witnesses to her collaboration with the Nazis, and because of Churchill’s secret intervention in her behalf, the épuration released Coco Chanel from arrest as a traitor to France.[8][12] Despite having been freed by the political grace of Churchill, the strength of the rumours of Chanel’s Nazi collaboration had made it not possible for her to remain in France; so Coco Chanel and her German lover, Hans Günther von Dincklage, went into an eight-year exile to Switzerland.[3][8] In the post–war period, during Coco Chanel’s Swiss exile from France, Pierre Wertheimer returned to Paris and regained formal administrative control of his family’s business holdings — including control of Parfums Chanel, the parfumerie established with his venture capital, and successful because of the Chanel name.[8] In Switzerland, the news revived Coco Chanel’s resentment at having been exploited by her business partner, for only ten per cent of the money. So she established a rival Swiss parfumerie to create, produce, and sell her "Chanel perfumes". In turn, Wertheimer, the majority capital stock owner of Parfums Chanel, saw his business interests threatened, and his commercial rights infringed because he did not possess legally exclusive rights to the Chanel name. Nonetheless, Wertheimer avoided a trademark infringement lawsuit against Coco Chanel, lest it damages the commercial reputation and the artistic credibility of his Chanel-brand parfumerie. Wisely, Pierre Wertheimer settled his business- and commercial-rights quarrel with Chanel, and, in May 1947, they renegotiated the 1924 contract that had established Parfums Chanel — she was paid $400,000 in cash (wartime profits from the sales of perfume No. 5 de Chanel); assigned a 2.0 per cent running royalty from the sales of No. 5 parfumerie; assigned limited commercial rights to sell her "Chanel perfumes" in Switzerland; and granted a perpetual monthly stipend that paid all of her expenses. In exchange, Gabrielle Chanel closed her Swiss parfumerie enterprise, and sold to Parfums Chanel the full rights to the name "Coco Chanel".[8][13] Resurgence — 1950s–1970s A classic Chanel suit, 1965 In 1953, upon returning to France from Switzerland, Coco Chanel found the fashion business enamoured of the "New Look" (1947), by Christian Dior; the signature shape featured a below-mid-calf-length, full-skirt, a narrow waist, and a large bust (stylistically absent since 1912). As a post–War fashion that used some 20 yards of fabric, the House of Dior couture renounced wartime rationing of fabric for clothes.[8] In 1947 — after the six-year austerities of the Second World War (1939–45) — the New Look was welcomed by the fashion business of Western Europe because sales of the pretty clothes would revive business and the economy.[3][3][14] To regain the business primacy of the House of Chanel, in the fashion fields of haute couture, prêt-à-porter, costume jewelry, and parfumerie, would be expensive; so Chanel approached Pierre Wertheimer for business advice and capital.[8] Having decided to do business with Coco Chanel, Wertheimer’s negotiations to fund the resurgence of the House of Chanel, granted him commercial rights to all Chanel-brand products.[8][8] In 1953, Chanel collaborated with jeweler Robert Goossens; he was to design jewelry (bijouterie and gemstone) to complement the fashions of the House of Chanel; notably, long-strand necklaces of black pearls and of white pearls, which high contrast softened the severe design of the knitted-wool Chanel Suit (skirt and cardigan jacket).[6] The House of Chanel also presented leather handbags with either gold-colour chains or metal-and-leather chains, which allowed carrying the handbag from the shoulder or in hand. The quilted-leather handbag was presented to the public in February 1955. In-house, the numeric version of the launching date "2.55" for that line of handbags became the internal "appellation" for that model of the quilted-leather handbag.[3] Throughout the 1950s, the sense of style of Chanel continued undeterred; the firm’s initial venture into masculine parfumerie, Pour Monsieur was a successful eau de toilette for men. Chanel and her spring collection received the Fashion Oscar at the 1957 Fashion Awards in Dallas. Pierre Wertheimer bought Bader's 20 per cent share of the Parfums Chanel, which increased the Wertheimer percentage to 90 per cent.[8] Later, in 1965, Pierre’s son, Jacques Wertheimer, assumed his father’s management of the parfumerie.[8] About the past business relationship, between Pierre Wertheimer and Coco Chanel, the Chanel attorney, Chambrun said that it had been "one based on a businessman’s passion, despite her misplaced feelings of exploitation . . . [thus] when Pierre returned to Paris, full of pride and excitement [after one of his horses won the 1956 English Derby]. He rushed to Coco, expecting congratulations and praise. But she refused to kiss him. She resented him, you see, all her life."[8][8] Coco Chanel died on 10 January 1971, at the age of 87.[3] She was still designing at the time of her death.[3] For example, in the (1966–1969) period, she designed the air hostess uniforms for Olympic Airways, the designer who followed her was Pierre Cardin. In that time, Olympic Airways was a luxury airline, owned by the transport magnate Aristotle Onassis. After her death, the leadership of the company was handed down to Yvonne Dudel, Jean Cazaubon and Philippe Guibourgé.[3] After a period of time, Jacques Wertheimer bought the controlling interest of the House of Chanel.[3][8] Critics stated that during his leadership, he never paid much attention to the company, as he was more interested in horse breeding.[8] In 1974, the House of Chanel launched Cristalle eau de toilette, which was designed when Coco Chanel was alive. 1978 saw the launch of the first non-couture, prêt-à-porter line and worldwide distribution of accessories. Alain Wertheimer, son of Jacques Wertheimer, assumed control of Chanel S.A. in 1974.[3][8] In the U.S., No. 5 de Chanel was not selling well.[8] Alain revamped Chanel No.5 sales by reducing the number of outlets carrying the fragrance from 18,000 to 12,000. He removed the perfume from drugstore shelves and invested millions of dollars in advertisement for Chanel cosmetics. This ensured a greater sense of scarcity and exclusivity for No.5, and sales rocketed back up as demand for the fragrance increased.[8] He used famous people to endorse the perfume — from Marilyn Monroe to Audrey Tautou. Looking for a designer who could bring the label to new heights, he persuaded Karl Lagerfeld to end his contract with fashion house Chloé. The post-Coco era[edit] Chanel couture by Lagerfeld: the Autumn–Winter 2011–2012 collection A Chanel store in North America In 1981, Chanel launched Antaeus, an eau de toilette for men. In 1983 Karl Lagerfeld took over as chief designer for Chanel. Like Chanel, he looked into the past as inspiration for his designs. He incorporated the Chanel fabrics and detailing such as tweed, gold accents, and chains. Lagerfeld kept what was signature for Chanel but also helped bring the brand into today. In later collections Lagerfeld chose to break away from the ladylike look of Chanel and began to experiment with fabrics and styles. During the 1980s, more than 40 Chanel boutiques opened worldwide. By the end of the 1980s, the boutiques sold goods ranging from US$200-per-ounce perfume, US$225 ballerina slippers to US$11,000 dresses and US$2,000 leather handbags. Chanel cosmetics and fragrances were distributed only by Chanel outlets. Chanel marketer Jean Hoehn explained the firm's approach, saying, "We introduce a new fragrance every 10 years, not every three minutes like many competitors. We don't confuse the consumer. With Chanel, people know what to expect. And they keep coming back to us, at all ages, as they enter and leave the market." The 1984 launch of a new fragrance, in honor of the founder, Coco, continued the label's success. In 1986, the House of Chanel struck a deal with watchmakers and in 1987, the first Chanel watch debuted. By the end of the decade, Alain moved the offices to New York City.[8] Maison de Chanel increased the Wertheimer family fortune to $5 billion USD. Sales were hurt by the recession of the early 1990s, but Chanel recovered by the mid-1990s with further boutique expansion.[8] In 1994, Chanel had a net profit equivalent to €67 million on the sale of €570 million in ready-to-wear clothes and was the most profitable French fashion house.[15] In 1996, Chanel bought gun-makers Holland & Holland, but failed in its attempt to revamp the firm.[8] It launched the perfumes Allure in 1996 and Allure Homme in 1998. The swimwear label Eres was purchased.[when?][citation needed] The House of Chanel launched its first skin care line, Précision, in 1999. That same year, Chanel launched a travel collection, and under a license contract with Luxottica, introduced a line of sunglasses and eyeglass frames. While Wertheimer remained chairman, Françoise Montenay became CEO and President. 2000 saw the launch of the first unisex watch by Chanel, the J12. In 2001, watchmaker Bell & Ross was acquired. The same year, Chanel boutiques offering only selections of accessories were opened in the United States. Chanel launched a small selection of menswear as a part of their runway shows. In 2002, Chanel launched the Chance perfume and Paraffection, a subsidiary company originally established in 1997[16] to support artisanal manufacturing, that gathered together Ateliers d’Art or workshops including Desrues for ornamentation and buttons, Lemarié for feathers, Lesage for embroidery, Massaro for shoemaking and Michel for millinery. A prêt-à-porter collection was designed by Karl Lagerfeld. In July 2002, a jewelry and watch outlet opened on Madison Avenue. Within months, a 1,000-square-foot (90 m2) shoe/handbag boutique opened next door. Chanel continued to expand in the United States and by December 2002, operated 25 U.S. boutiques.[8] Chanel introduced Coco Mademoiselle and an "In-Between Wear" in 2003, targeting younger women, opened a second shop on Rue Cambon, opened a 2,400 square feet (220 m2) boutique in Hong Kong and paid nearly $50 million USD for a building in Ginza, Tokyo.

Corporate identity[edit] Logotype[edit] The Chanel logotype comprises two interlocked, opposed letters-C, one faced left, one faced right. The logotype was given to Chanel by the Château de Crémat, Nice, and was not registered as a trademark until the first Chanel shops were established.[17][18] Along with other makers, Chanel is a target of counterfeiters.[19] China is prime supplier. An authentic classic Chanel handbag retails from around US$4,150, while a counterfeit usually costs around US$200. Beginning in the 1990s, all authentic Chanel handbags were numbered.

Label[edit] Logo - the House of Chanel is represented by two interlocked letters "C" for "Coco Chanel".This was first introduced in the late 1980s or early 1990s. Perfume label trademark: the "No. 5 de Chanel" trademark and font were introduced in 1926. Couture trademark: the small caps name and font were introduced in 1924. Pattern and logo used on some Chanel products Trademarks[edit] One timeline measurement for Chanel presence in the United States is via trademarks registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). On Tuesday, 18 November 1924, Chanel, Inc. filed trademark applications for the typeset mark Chanel and for the interlocking CC design plus word mark. At that time, the trademarks were registered only for the perfume, toiletry, and cosmetic products in the primary class of common metals and their alloys. Chanel provided the description of face powder, perfume, eau de cologne, toilet water, lip stick, and rouge, to the USPTO.[20] The Chanel and double-C trademarks were awarded on the same date of 24 February 1925 with respective Serial Numbers of 71205468 and 71205469. The first trademark application for the No. 5 perfume was on Thursday, 1 April 1926, described as perfume and toilet water. First use and commercial use was stated as 1 January 1921. Registration was granted on 20 July 1926 with Serial Number 71229497.

Products[edit] Runways[edit] Designer Season City Locale Presentation date Line Theme For sale Karl Lagerfeld Fall–Winter 2010 Paris Grand Palais 6 July 2010 Haute couture A lion On order Spring–Summer 2011 5 October 2010 Ready-to-wear An orchestra March 2011 Paris–Byzance 31 rue Cambon 7 December 2010 A Byzantine palace May 2011 Spring–Summer 2011 Pavillon Cambon–Capucines 25 January 2011 Haute couture Ballet [21][22] On order Fall–Winter 2011 Grand Palais 8 March 2011 Ready-to-wear A frozen garden September 2011 Cruise 2011 Antibes Hôtel du Cap 5 May 2011 Cruise collection Outdoors November 2011 Fall–Winter 2011 Paris Grand Palais 5 July 2011 Haute couture Night-time Place Vendôme[23][24] On order Spring–summer 2012 4 October 2011 Ready-to-wear Under the Sea and Florence March 2012 Paris–Bombay 6 December 2011 An Indian palace[25] May 2012 Spring–Summer 2012 24 January 2012 Haute couture An aeroplane in flight[26] On order Fall–Winter 2012–2013 6 March 2012 Ready-to-wear Quartz World September 2012 Cruise 2013 Versailles Palace of Versailles 13 May 2012 Cruise collection Gardens of Versailles November 2012 Fall–Winter 2012 Paris Grand Palais 3 July 2012 Haute couture New Vintage On order Spring–Summer 2013 2 October 2012 Ready-to-wear New energy March 2013 Paris-Edinburgh Linlithgow Linlithgow Palace 4 December 2012 Ready-to-wear Barbarian romance May 2013 Spring–Summer 2013 Paris Grand Palais 22 January 2013 Haute couture The Forest On order Fall-Winter 2013-2014 5 March 2013 Ready-to-wear Around the world September 2013 Cruise 2014 Singapore Dempsey Hill Army Barracks 9 May 2013 Cruise collection Vacation November 2013 Fall-Winter 2013-2014 Paris Grand Palais 2 July 2013 Haute couture The future[27] On order Spring-Summer 2014 1 October 2013 Ready-to-wear Art March 2014 Paris-Dallas Dallas Fair Park 11 December 2013 Ready-to-wear Texas/ Americana May 2014 Spring-Summer 2014 Paris Grand Palais 21 January 2014 Haute couture Sport[28] On order Fall-Winter 2014-2015 4 March 2014 Ready-to-wear The Chanel Shopping Center September 2014 Cruise 2015 Dubai The World 14 May 2014 Cruise collection Arabia November 2014 Fall-Winter 2014-2015 Paris Grand Palais 8 July 2014 Haute Couture Pied-à-terre On order Spring-Summer 2015 30 September 2014 Ready-to-wear Chanel Boulevard March 2015 Spring-Summer 2015 27 January 2015 Haute Couture Paper Flowers On order Fall-Winter 2015-2016 10 March 2015 Ready-to-wear Brasserie September 2015 Cruise 2016 Seoul Dongdaemun Design Plaza 4 May 2015 Cruise collection K-pop November 2015 Fall-Winter 2015-2016 Paris Grand Palais 7 July 2015 Haute Couture Casino On order Spring-Summer 2016 6 October 2015 Ready-to-wear Airport March 2016 Spring-Summer 2016 26 January 2016 Haute Couture Zen garden On order Fall-Winter 2016-2017 8 March 2016 Ready-to-wear No set September 2016 Cruise 2017 Havana Paseo del Prado, Havana 4 May 2016 Cruise collection Old Havana November 2016 Fall-Winter 2016-2017 Paris Grand Palais 5 July 2016 Haute Couture Atelier On order Spring-Summer 2017 4 October 2016 Ready-to-wear Mainframe March 2017 Spring-Summer 2017 24 January 2017 Haute Couture Mirrors On order Fall-Winter 2017-2018 7 March 2017 Ready-to-wear Space Exploration September 2017 Métiers d’art 2017-2018 Hamburg Elbphilharmonie in Hamburg 6 december 2017 Ready-to-wear [29][30] Spring-Summer 2018 Paris Grand Palais 23 January 2018 Haute Couture French Garden [31] On order Gallery[edit] Chanel classic handbag in quilted-leather, with adjustable double-chains, to wear it on the arm or at the shoulder. Chanel handbag with quilted-leather, the Belgian Queen Fabiola, and her husband, King Baudouin, visited the Nixon White House, in 1969. Le nez de Chanel: the perfumer Ernest Beaux (1881–1961) created No. 5 de Chanel in 1921. Chanel presented Perfume No. 5 to the market in 1922; Ernest Beaux created it in 1921. Fragrance[edit] In 1924, Pierre Wertheimer founded Parfums Chanel, to produce and sell perfumes and cosmetics; the parfumerie proved to be the most profitable business division of the Chanel S.A. corporation.[8][32] Since its establishment, parfumerie Chanel has employed four perfumers: Ernest Beaux (1920–1961) Henri Robert (1958–1978) Jacques Polge (1978–2015) Olivier Polge (2015–Present) Fragrance and Skincare counter at Australian department store MYER in Sydney Perfumes[edit] Allure EDP Allure EDT Allure Eau Sensuelle EDP Allure Eau Sensuelle EDT Chance Chance Chance Eau Vive Chance Eau Fraiche Chance Eau Tendre — Jacque Polge developed Chance Eau Tendre to feature floral and fruity and notes, among them grapefruit, quince, hyacinth, jasmine, amber, cedar, iris, and white musk. Coco Coco Mademoiselle — British actress Keira Knightley, spokeswoman for the Coco Mademoiselle fragrance, portrayed young Coco Chanel in a short film advert directed by Joe Wright. Coco Noir Cristalle Cristalle Eau Verte No. 5 — No. 5 The Film, is about Nicole Kidman, with whom an anonymous aspiring writer (Rodrigo Santoro) becomes enamoured; afterwards, a fragrant memory is all he retains of her.[33] In 2008, the French model and actress Audrey Tautou became the face of Perfume No. 5. 2012 marked the first year that a man — actor Brad Pitt — represented a female fragrance. The bottle's stopper, cut like a diamond, is said to have been inspired by the geometry of the Place Vendôme in Paris. No. 19 No. 19 Poudre Les Exclusifs 1932 28 La Pausa - Named for La Pausa, Chanel's villa on the French Riviera.[34] 31 Rue Cambon Beige Bel Respiro Bois des Iles Coromandel Eau de Cologne Gardénia Jersey No 18 No 22 Sycomore 1932 Jersey Cuir De Russie Misia Boy Chanel Colognes[edit] Allure pour Homme Allure pour Homme Sport Allure pour Homme Eau Extreme Allure pour Homme Cologne Sport Antaeus Bleu de Chanel Égoïste Platinum Égoïste Bleu De Chanel Eau de Toilette Bleu De Chanel Eau de Parfum Pour Monsieur Makeup Studio at MYER Sydney City Makeup and skincare[edit] Cosmetics are the most accessible Chanel product, with counters in department stores across the world, including Harrods, Galeries Lafayette, Bergdorf Goodman, Hudson's Bay, and David Jones, Wojooh, John Lewis as well as its own beauty boutiques. Products lines - Hydra Beauty - Le Blanc - Le Lift - Sublimage Fine jewellery[edit] Chanel 'High Jewellery' was founded in November 1932. Chanel debuted 'Bijoux de Diamants' at her Faubourg Saint-Honoré, Paris mansion.[35] In 2012, the company created a special collection to celebrate Diamants' 80th anniversary. Current collections include High Jewellery, Camelia, Comete, Baroque, 1932, Ultra, Bridal and Jewellery Watches.[36] The unisex design of the Chanel J12 wristwatches Watches[edit] The Chanel wristwatch division was established in 1987.[37] In 1995, division presented a second design, the Matelassé.[37] Although the Première and Matelassé wristwatches were successful products, the presentation, in 2000, of the Chanel J12 line of unisex style wristwatches, made of ceramic materials, established Chanel wristwatches as a Chanel marque.[37] The J12 line of wristwatches features models in four dial-face sizes: (i) 33mm., (ii) 38mm., (iii) 41mm., and (iv) 42mm.[37][38] In 2008, Chanel S.A. and Audemars Piguet developed the ceramic Chanel AP-3125 clockwork, exclusive to the House of Chanel.[39]

Shows[edit] At Paris Fashion Week, Chanel presented its Spring 2016 line on an airport themed runway.

Stores[edit] Worldwide, Chanel S.A. operates around 310 Chanel boutiques; 94 in Asia, 70 in Europe, 10 in the Middle East, 128 in North America, 1 in Central America, 2 in South America, and 6 in Oceania. The shops are located in wealthy communities, usually in department stores like Harrods and Selfridges, high streets, shopping districts, and inside airports.[8] The company recently paid $152 million, or more than $13,000 per square foot for 11,500 square feet at 400 North Rodeo Drive in Beverly Hills. This is the most expensive amount paid for retail space in Los Angeles since the record was set in 2012 at $10,400 per square foot in 2012.[40]

Gallery[edit] The Chanel shop at the Prince's Building, Hong Kong. Chanel Cambon, 31 Rue Cambon, 75001 Paris, France. The Chanel joaillerie, Place Vendôme, Paris, France. The Chanel shop, Rodeo Drive, Beverly Hills, United States. The Chanel shop in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Chanel models[edit] This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (July 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Model Nationality Naomi Campbell  United Kingdom Freja Beha Erichsen  Denmark Saskia de Brauw  Netherlands Ines de la Fressange  France Claudia Schiffer  Germany Liu Wen  China ShuPei Qin  China Mengyao Xi  China Abbey Lee Kershaw  Australia Sasha Pivovarova  Russia Heidi Mount  United States Micaela Cardenas  United States Lily Rose Depp  France Sigrid Agren  France Baptiste Giabiconi  France Magda Laguinge  Argentina Linda Evangelista  Canada Anja Rubik  Poland Kasia Struss  Poland Natasha Poly  Russia Bianca Balti  Italy Chiharu Okunugi  Japan Soo Joo Park  South Korea Toni Garrn  Germany Joan Smalls  Puerto Rico Kati Nescher  Germany Lindsay Ellingson  United States Vlada Roslyakova  Russia Coco Rocha  Canada Christy Turlington  United States Lindsey Wixson  United States Angela Lindvall  United States Gemma Ward  Australia Lara Stone  Netherlands Stella Tennant  United Kingdom Cara Delevingne  United Kingdom

See also[edit] Belle Époque Pink Chanel suit of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy

References[edit] ^ Chanel Annual Report 2016 ^ ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "Chanel". Fashion Model Directory. Retrieved 19 June 2008.  ^ Laube, Mindy (7 May 2008). "Chanel's new face: Audrey Tautou". The Age. Australia.  ^ "Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel (1883–1971) and the House of Chanel". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York.  ^ a b c d e Martin, Richard (1995). Contemporary fashion. London: St. James Press. p. 750. ISBN 1-55862-173-3.  ^ Costume", pg. 52, Eyewitness Books. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac "Chanel S.A". Funding Universe. Retrieved 19 June 2008.  ^ "BUSINESS ABROAD: King of Perfume". Time. 14 September 1953. Retrieved 28 April 2010.  ^ Mazzeo, Tilar J. The Secret of Chanel No. 5 HarperCollins 2010, p. 150. ^ McAuley, James (1 September 2011). "The Exchange: Coco Chanel and the Nazi Party". The New Yorker. Retrieved 4 September 2011.  ^ Vaughan, Hal. Sleeping with the Enemy: Coco Chanel’s Secret War Alfred A. Knopf. 2011 pp. 186–87 ^ Mazzeo, Tilar J. The Secret of Chanel No. 5, pp. 176–77. ^ ^ Chevalier, Michel; Gerald Mazzalovo (2012). "3". Luxury Brand Management (second ed.). Singapore: John Wiley & Sons. p. 58 (of 316). ISBN 978-1-118-17176-9.  ^ "Chanel". Voguepedia. Retrieved 28 September 2012.  ^ "Chanel Logo Design and History". Retrieved 10 June 2010.  ^ "Flash Back Friday: The Legend of the Chanel Logo's Double C". Retrieved 14 January 2013.  ^ "A message from Chanel". Chanel Inc. Retrieved 8 May 2009.  ^ "U.S. Trademark 71205468". Trademark Applications and Registrations Retrieval (TARR). United States Patent and Trademark Office. 18 November 1924. Retrieved 29 October 2011.  ^ Spring-Summer 2011 Haute Couture Video" Archived 12 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine., CHANEL ^ CHANEL Couture SS2011", Haute Couture News ^ Fall-Winter 2011 Haute Couture Video" Archived 9 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine., CHANEL ^ CHANEL Couture FW2011", Haute Couture News ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 December 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-21. , CHANEL ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-07. , CHANEL ^ "Sci-Fi Chanel". The Fashionide. 24 July 2013. Archived from the original on 4 September 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2014.  ^ "Boyish Attitude". The Fashionide. 11 March 2014. Archived from the original on 18 March 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014.  ^ ^ ^ ^ Burr, Chandler (2008). The Perfect Scent: A Year Inside the Perfume Industry in Paris and New York. Henry Holt and Co. ISBN 0-8050-8037-6.  ^ "Nicole Kidman's latest Hollywood blockbuster" ^ Elaine, Sciolino (7 June 2013). "Letter from Paris: The House that Coco Built". The New York Times.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 January 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2012.  ^ ^ a b c d Roulet, Christophe. The Chanel J12, from here to eternity, The Watch Avenue, 22 June 2009. Accessed 9 April 2012 ^ Maillard, Pierre. Chanel, watchmaking legitimacy, Europa Star, 5 January 2009. Accessed 9 April 2011 ^ World of Chanel Watches ^ Pleven, Liam. "Chanel Pays Record Price for Retail Space". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chanel. Chanel homepage v t e Chanel Owners Alain Wertheimer Gérard Wertheimer Jacques Wertheimer Pierre Wertheimer Designers Coco Chanel Karl Lagerfeld Garments Little black dress Jacqueline Kennedy's pink Chanel suit Perfumes Bois des Îles Chanel No. 5 Chanel No. 19 Chanel No. 22 Coco Coco Mademoiselle Cuir de Russie Égoïste Perfumers Ernest Beaux Jacques Polge Henri Robert Other products Chanel 2.55 handbag Chanel J12 watch Promotional models Marie-Hélène Arnaud Carole Bouquet Gisele Bündchen Cara Delevingne Catherine Deneuve Lily-Rose Depp Inès de La Fressange Nicole Kidman Keira Knightley Marilyn Monroe Kate Moss Anna Mouglalis Vanessa Paradis Suzy Parker Jean Shrimpton Audrey Tautou Gaspard Ulliel Films Chanel Solitaire Coco Before Chanel Coco Chanel Coco Chanel & Igor Stravinsky Musical Coco Book The Allure of Chanel v t e Members of the Chambre syndicale de la haute couture Members Adeline André Anne Valérie Hash Carlota Alfaro Chanel Christian Dior Dominique Sirop Franck Sorbier Givenchy Jean Paul Gaultier Maurizio Galante Stéphane Rolland Yiqing Yin Invited, foreign and guest members See: List of grands couturiers v t e Designer labels Etienne Aigner Ace Marks Akris Armani Max Azria Badgley Mischka Victoria Beckham Laura Biagiotti Manolo Blahnik Ozwald Boateng Tory Burch Ally Capellino Cavalli Jimmy Choo Kenneth Cole Brunello Cucinelli S. T. Dupont Dolce & Gabbana Adolfo Domínguez Dean and Dan Caten Escada Etro Fendi Fiorucci Tom Ford Diane von Fürstenberg Jean Paul Gaultier Gucci Daniel Hechter Herrera Tommy Hilfiger Marc Jacobs Donna Karan Kenzo Calvin Klein Michael Kors Lacroix Lacoste Karl Lagerfeld Helmut Lang Lardini Guy Laroche Levi's Ralph Lauren Judith Leiber Nanette Lepore Monique Lhuillier Phillip Lim Dan Liu Christian Louboutin Léo Marciano Maison Margiela Lana Marks Stella McCartney Carlos Miele Issey Miyake Missoni Moschino Mouawad Thierry Mugler Mulberry Maria Pinto Zac Posen Prada Emilio Pucci Paco Rabanne Billy Reid Sonia Rykiel Elie Saab SabyaSachi Proenza Schouler Paul Smith Kate Spade Anna Sui Elie Tahari Valentino Giambattista Valli Kris Van Assche John Varvatos Versace Viktor & Rolf Alexander Wang Vera Wang Vivienne Westwood Jason Wu Wooyoungmi Giuseppe Zanotti Ermenegildo Zegna Rachel Zoe Retrieved from "" Categories: ChanelClothing brands of FranceClothing companies of FranceClothing retailers of FranceFashion accessory brandsHaute coutureHigh fashion brandsCosmetics brandsCosmetics companies of FranceEyewear brands of FranceJewellery retailers of FranceLuxury brandsPerfume housesWatch brandsWatch manufacturing companies of FranceCompanies based in ParisManufacturing companies based in ParisClothing companies established in 1909Design companies established in 19091909 establishments in FrancePrivately held companies of FranceComité Colbert membersFrench brandsHidden categories: CS1: Julian–Gregorian uncertaintyWebarchive template wayback linksUse dmy dates from April 2012Pages using deprecated image syntaxAll articles with vague or ambiguous timeVague or ambiguous time from July 2013All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from July 2013Articles lacking in-text citations from July 2012All articles lacking in-text citationsOfficial website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia

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