Contents 1 History 2 Overview 3 Population 3.1 Counties by population 4 Travel 5 See also 6 References 7 External links


History[edit] The Central Coast area was originally inhabited by Chumash and other Native American people since at least 10,000 BC. Many of these settlements were coastal, where the people exploited marine resources and dwelt near freshwater inflows to the Pacific Ocean. For example, there were significant settlements near the mouth of Morro Creek and Los Osos Creek.[4] Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo visited the Central Coast, landing in Santa Barbara County in 1542, having sailed from the south.[5]


Overview[edit] Central Californian Coastline, Big Sur The region is known primarily for agriculture and tourism. Major crops include wine grapes, lettuce, strawberries, and artichokes. The Salinas Valley is one of the most fertile farming regions in the United States. Tourist attractions include Cannery Row in Monterey, the Monterey Bay Aquarium, the theatres, galleries and white sand beaches of Carmel-by-the-Sea, the golf courses of Pebble Beach and the Monterey Peninsula, the rugged coastline of Big Sur and Hearst Castle in San Simeon. Further south is Morro Rock and the port city of Morro Bay, which is adjacent to college town San Luis Obispo. The Santa Ynez Valley has become a hotbed for wine tasting, with towns such as Buellton, Los Olivos, and Santa Ynez growing in popularity in recent years. The area is not densely populated. The largest city in the region is Oxnard in Ventura County, with a population estimated at 203,007 in 2013.[6] University of California campuses are found in Santa Barbara and Santa Cruz, near the south and north edges of the region respectively. California State University, Monterey Bay, founded in 1994, uses facilities donated when Fort Ord was converted from military to civilian uses. California Polytechnic State University, in San Luis Obispo, was founded in 1901.


Population[edit] The six counties that make up the Central Coast region had an estimated population of 2,327,344 in 2014,[7] about 5% more than the population of New Mexico. Counties by population[edit] County FIPS code[8] County seat[9] Established[9] Formed from Etymology[10] Population[7] Area[9] Map Ventura County 111 Ventura 1872 Santa Barbara The city of Ventura, itself an abbreviation of San Buenaventura, Spanish for St. Bonaventure. 7005846178000000000♠846,178 7003184600000000000♠1,846 sq mi (7003478100000000000♠4,781 km2) Santa Barbara County 083 Santa Barbara 1850 Original The city of Santa Barbara, itself Spanish for Saint Barbara. 7005440668000000000♠440,668 7003273800000000000♠2,738 sq mi (7003709100000000000♠7,091 km2) Monterey County 053 Salinas 1850 Original Monterey Bay, itself a Spanish portmanteau of monte ("hill") and rey ("king"). 7005431344000000000♠431,344 7003332200000000000♠3,322 sq mi (7003860400000000000♠8,604 km2) San Luis Obispo County 079 San Luis Obispo 1850 Original The city of San Luis Obispo, itself Spanish for Saint Louis, the Bishop. 7005282887000000000♠282,887 7003330400000000000♠3,304 sq mi (7003855700000000000♠8,557 km2) Santa Cruz County 087 Santa Cruz 1850 Original The city of Santa Cruz, itself Spanish for holy cross 7005271804000000000♠271,804 7002446000000000000♠446 sq mi (7003115500000000000♠1,155 km2) San Benito County 069 Hollister 1874 Monterey Saint Benedict (San Benedicto in Spanish; Benito is the diminutive of Benedicto). 7004582670000000000♠58,267 7003138900000000000♠1,389 sq mi (7003359700000000000♠3,597 km2)


Travel[edit] Travel is almost entirely by private automobile. Because of its position roughly halfway between the major cities of Los Angeles and San Francisco, San Luis Obispo is home to America's first motel. The major highway is U.S. Route 101, which runs north-south from Los Angeles, through most of the major communities of the Central Coast, to San Francisco. State Route 1, a smaller but much more scenic route, connects the coastal communities, running through San Simeon, Morro Bay, and Big Sur. Amtrak maintains train service with the Coast Starlight and Pacific Surfliner routes along the Union Pacific Railroad Coast Line that also transports freight. There are no major airports, although Monterey, Santa Barbara, Santa Maria and San Luis Obispo have regional airports with commuter service. Greyhound buses serve most of the region. Monterey-Salinas Transit (MST) operates bus services throughout Monterey County as far south as Big Sur on the coast and King City in the Salinas Valley. MST also offers connection service to San Jose Diridon Station, downtown Santa Cruz, and Paso Robles and Templeton in Northern San Luis Obispo County via regional routes. Santa Cruz Metro Offers services within Santa Cruz County, including connections to San Jose and San Jose State and connection to MST service in Watsonville, heading south to Salinas.


See also[edit] Coastal California Big Sur Salinas Valley Monterey Peninsula Monterey county attractions Mission County (proposed) Hearst Castle Avila Beach Carmel-by-the-Sea California State Route 1


References[edit] ^ California Central Coast Tourism. Centralcoast-tourism.com. Retrieved on 2013-10-01. ^ [1][dead link] ^ Brent, Jon (13 May 2014). "Covered California enrollment beats projections by wide margin on Central Coast". Kionrightnow.com. Retrieved 7 November 2017.  ^ Map, The Megalithic Portal and Megalith. "Morro Creek". The Megalithic Portal. Retrieved 7 November 2017.  ^ Kathleen Thompson Hill and Gerald Hill (2004) Santa Barbara and the Central Coast: California's Riviera, Globe Pequot, pages ISBN 0-7627-2810-8 ^ "Oxnard (city) Quick Facts". United States Census Bureau. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 7 August 2015.  ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for the United States, States, and Counties: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2015.  ^ "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". EPA.gov. Retrieved February 23, 2008.  ^ a b c National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Retrieved April 30, 2008.  ^ Sanchez, Nellie Van de Grift (1914). Spanish and Indian Place Names of California: Their Meaning and Their Romance. San Francisco: A. M. Robertson. OCLC 4268886. 


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to California Coast. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Central Coast (California). Central California Coast Guide with Photos A comprehensive guide to California's Central Coast Central Coast California : wine, food & culture news & updates Coordinates: 35°36′N 121°06′W / 35.6°N 121.1°W / 35.6; -121.1 v t e California Central Coast Counties Monterey San Benito San Luis Obispo Santa Barbara Santa Cruz Ventura Cities and towns 100k-250k Oxnard Salinas Santa Maria Ventura Cities and towns 25k-100k Atascadero Camarillo Goleta Hollister Lompoc Monterey Orcutt Paso Robles San Luis Obispo Santa Barbara Santa Cruz Seaside Soledad Watsonville Cities and towns 10k-25k Arroyo Grande Capitola Carpinteria Greenfield Grover Beach Isla Vista King City Live Oak Los Osos Marina Montecito Morro Bay Nipomo Pacific Grove Port Hueneme Prunedale Scotts Valley Sub-regions Big Sur Channel Islands of California Monterey Bay Oxnard Plain Salinas Valley Santa Maria Valley Santa Ynez Valley Counties in italics sometimes included in the definition of the Central Coast v t e  State of California Sacramento (capital) Topics Culture Food Music Myth Sports Demographics Earthquakes Economy Education Environment Geography Climate Ecology Flora Fauna Government Capitol Districts Governor Legislature Supreme Court Healthcare History Law National Historic Landmarks National Natural Landmarks NRHP listings Politics Congressional delegations Elections People Protected areas State Parks State Historic Landmarks Symbols Transportation Water Index of articles Regions Antelope Valley Big Sur California Coast Ranges Cascade Range Central California Central Coast Central Valley Channel Islands Coachella Valley Coastal California Conejo Valley Cucamonga Valley Death Valley East Bay (SF Bay Area) East County (SD) Eastern California Emerald Triangle Gold Country Great Basin Greater San Bernardino Inland Empire Klamath Basin Lake Tahoe Greater Los Angeles Los Angeles Basin Lost Coast Mojave Desert Mountain Empire North Bay (SF) North Coast North Coast (SD) Northern California Owens Valley Oxnard Plain Peninsular Ranges Pomona Valley Sacramento Valley Salinas Valley San Fernando Valley San Francisco Bay Area San Francisco Peninsula San Gabriel Valley San Joaquin Valley Santa Clara Valley Santa Clara River Valley Santa Clarita Valley Santa Ynez Valley Shasta Cascade Sierra Nevada Silicon Valley South Bay (LA) South Bay (SD) South Bay (SF) South Coast Southern Border Region Southern California Transverse Ranges Tri-Valley Victor Valley Wine Country Metro regions Metropolitan Fresno Los Angeles metropolitan area Greater Sacramento San Bernardino-Riverside metropolitan area San Francisco metropolitan area San Diego–Tijuana Counties Alameda Alpine Amador Butte Calaveras Colusa Contra Costa Del Norte El Dorado Fresno Glenn Humboldt Imperial Inyo Kern Kings Lake Lassen Los Angeles Madera Marin Mariposa Mendocino Merced Modoc Mono Monterey Napa Nevada Orange Placer Plumas Riverside Sacramento San Benito San Bernardino San Diego San Francisco San Joaquin San Luis Obispo San Mateo Santa Barbara Santa Clara Santa Cruz Shasta Sierra Siskiyou Solano Sonoma Stanislaus Sutter Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba Most populous cities Los Angeles San Diego San Jose San Francisco Fresno Sacramento Long Beach Oakland Bakersfield Anaheim Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Central_Coast_(California)&oldid=815680396" Categories: Regions of CaliforniaWest Coast of the United StatesGeography of CaliforniaNorthern CaliforniaSouthern CaliforniaTourism regions of CaliforniaHidden categories: All articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from November 2017Coordinates on Wikidata


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