Contents 1 India 1.1 Census 2011 1.2 Administration of CTs 1.2.1 Ministry of Urban Development Notification 2 Ireland 3 References 4 External links


India[edit] In India, a census town is one which is not statutorily notified and administered as a town, but nevertheless whose population has attained urban characteristics.[1] They are characterized by the following: Population exceeds 5,000 At least 75% of main working population is employed outside the agricultural sector Minimum population density of 400 persons per km2[2][3] Examples of Indian census towns include Greater Noida, in Uttar Pradesh; Begampur, Chandpara , Thakurnagar Population in 2011( 35569) and Chittaranjan in West Bengal; Chevella, in Telangana; Amini, in Lakshadweep, Ghatshila in Purbi Singhbhum District of Jharkhand; and BGR Township (Bongaigaon Refinery Township) in Bongaigaon Urban Agglomeration. Census 2011[edit] The number of census towns (CTs) in India grew from 1,362 in 2001 to 3,894 in 2011.[4] As per Pradhan (2013),[5] these CTs account for 30% of the urban growth in the last decade.[6] Pradhan also notes that the largest increase in the number of CTs was in the states of West Bengal and Kerala. Administration of CTs[edit] CTs are classified as urban areas by the Census of India if they satisfy the three conditions on population, density and workforce participation. However, CTs are still administratively rural, i.e. they are not recognized by the government as urban areas. Ministry of Urban Development Notification[edit] The Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, in May 2016 asked the 28 states in India to take action to start the process of recognizing CTs as urban areas.[7] The argument given for this conversion was that a statutory Urban Local Body (ULB) is required to ensure planned development of these areas. In this notification, Rajiv Gauba, Secretary (Urban Development) notes: The opportunity of planned urban development might get lost if unplanned construction and ad hoc provisioning of infrastructure is allowed to take place over a long time. Additionally, the Ministry, in the notification, has informed the states that they stand to gain from according statutory status to these towns. With a greater number of statutory towns, the states would be able to get more money from the Centre as per the 14th Finance Commission Report. Additionally, under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), 50% weightage is given to the number of statutory towns in the state/UT to determine the allocation of funds to these states/UTs. Following this notification, Maharashtra state government converted 19 CTs in the state to statutory ULBs.[8] These 19 CTs are in close proximity to the town of Pune and this conversion is expected to lessen the infrastructure and population pressures on the town.


Ireland[edit] Main article: List of census towns in the Republic of Ireland According to Ireland's Central Statistics Office, a census town by definition has a "cluster of fifty or more occupied dwellings, not having a legally defined boundary, in which within a distance of 800 metres there is a nucleus of either thirty occupied houses on both sides of the road or twenty occupied houses on one side of the Road". Census towns were distinct from municipal towns; the latter, which had legally defined boundaries and local government powers, were abolished by the Local Government Reform Act 2014.


References[edit] ^ Ramachhandran, M. (13 February 2012). "Rescuing cities from chaos". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 8 March 2012.  ^ "Census of India: Some terms and definitions" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 8 March 2012.  ^ "New Census Towns Showcase New India", Mint. ^ "Census of India 2011 - Paper 2" (PDF). Retrieved 28 September 2016.  ^ Pradhan (2013) ^ "Unacknowledged Urbanisation". Economic and Political Weekly. 48 (36). 2015-06-05.  ^ "States asked to convert 3,784 urban areas into statutory Urban Local Bodies". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-09-29.  ^ "19 new civic bodies to boost urbanization in Pune - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2016-09-29. 


External links[edit] "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Census_town&oldid=814727327" Categories: Types of towns


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TownIndiaPopulation DensityGreater NoidaUttar PradeshBegampur, IndiaChandparaChittaranjanWest BengalChevellaTelanganaAmini, IndiaLakshadweepGhatshilaPurbi Singhbhum DistrictBGR Township, IndiaBGR Township, IndiaBongaigaon DistrictFinance CommissionAtal Mission For Rejuvenation And Urban TransformationList Of Census Towns In The Republic Of IrelandRepublic Of IrelandCentral Statistics Office (Ireland)List Of Cities, Boroughs And Towns In The Republic Of IrelandLocal Government Reform Act 2014Help:CategoryCategory:Types Of TownsDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



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