Contents 1 Statistics 2 Notable women in filmmaking 2.1 Alice Guy-Blaché 2.2 Kathryn Bigelow 2.3 Jane Campion 2.4 Geena Davis 2.5 Catherine Hardwicke 2.6 Amy Heckerling 2.7 Amy Pascal 3 Advocacy and awareness raising 3.1 Women in Film 3.2 Women in Film and Television International 3.3 Women's International Film and Arts Festival 3.4 WITASWAN and International SWAN Day 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Statistics[edit] The 2013 Celluloid Ceiling Report conducted by the Center for the Study of Women in Television and Film at San Diego State University collected a list of statistics gathered from "2,813 individuals employed by the 250 top domestic grossing films of 2012."[1] Women accounted for... "18% of all directors, executive producers, producers, writers, cinematographers, and editors. This reflected no change from 2011 and only a 1% increase from 1998."[1] "9% of all directors."[1] "15% of writers."[1] "25% of all producers."[1] "20% of all editors."[1] "2% of all cinematographers."[1] "38% of films employed 0 or 1 woman in the roles considered, 23% employed 2 women, 28% employed 3 to 5 women, and 10% employed 6 to 9 women."[1] In a New York Times article it was announced that a recent study found that only 15% of the top films in 2013 had women for a lead acting role.[2] The author of the study noted that, "The percentage of female speaking roles has not increased much since the 1940s, when they hovered around 25 percent to 28 percent."

Notable women in filmmaking[edit] According to Dr. Martha Lauzen, the executive director of the Center for the Study of Women in Television and Film, "If (white) men are directing the vast majority of our films, the majority of those films will be about (white) males from a (white) male point of view."[3] The female presence in filmmaking is more significant than just employment, it contributes to a greater cultural issue. Even though there is a huge gender disparity in filmmaking, there are notable exceptions, women who have figuratively broken through the celluloid ceiling and become pioneers in their field. Leni Riefenstahl, Kathryn Bigelow, Jane Campion, Gina Prince-Bythewood, Claire Denis, Sofia Coppola, Catherine Hardwick, Amy Heckerling, Julie Taymor, and Nora Ephron are some significant female names in filmmaking today and in history.[4] Alice Guy-Blaché[edit] Alice Guy-Blaché is considered to be the first ever female film director, as well as the first director of a fiction film. Blaché directed her first film in 1896, La Fée aux Choux and founded Solax Studios in 1910. Over her lifetime, "she directed between 40 to 50 films and supervised nearly 300 other productions".[5] Kathryn Bigelow[edit] Kathryn Bigelow is an American film director, producer, screenwriter, and television director. She became the first woman to win an Academy Award for Best Director for The Hurt Locker, the Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing, the BAFTA Award for Best Direction, and the Critics' Choice Award for Best Director as well as the Saturn Award for Best Director.[6] Jane Campion[edit] Jane Campion is a New Zealand film director, screenwriter, and producer. She is the second of four women directors to ever be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Director, and was the first female director to win the Palme d'Or, the most prestigious award at the Cannes Film Festival.[7] Geena Davis[edit] Geena Davis is an American actress, film producer, writer, voice actress, former fashion model, and former archer.[8] In 2007, Davis started the Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media, which seeks to eliminate the celluloid ceiling. Catherine Hardwicke[edit] Catherine Hardwicke is best known as the director of the film Twilight, with the highest grossing opening weekend of $69.6 million, the highest-ever opening for a female director.[4] Amy Heckerling[edit] Amy Heckerling is best known for the films Fast Times at Ridgemont High, European Vacation and Clueless. She has been awarded the Franklin J. Schaffner Medal from the American Film Institute as well as the Crystal Award from Women in Film (WIF).[4] Amy Pascal[edit] Amy Pascal is the Sony studio chief and is the only female head of a major studio.[9] In 1988, Pascal joined Columbia Pictures; she left in 1994 and went to work for Turner Pictures as the president of the company. In her first years at Columbia she worked on films such as Groundhog Day, Little Women, and A League of Their Own. When Pascal first started her career she was the Vice President of production at 20th Century Fox in 1986-1987. Before Pascal joined Fox, she was a secretary for Tony Garnett who was an independent producer with Warner Bros..[10]

Advocacy and awareness raising[edit] Women in Film[edit] Women in Film (WIF) is "a non-profit organization dedicated to helping women achieve their highest potential within the global entertainment, communications and media industries and to preserving the legacy of women within those industries. Founded in 1973, Women In Film and its Women In Film Foundation provide for members an extensive network of contacts, educational programs, scholarships, film finishing funds and grants, access to employment opportunities, mentorships and numerous practical services in support of this mission."[11] WIF is a huge organization, offering bi-monthly networking breakfasts for women in the industry, internships, classes, competitions, a PSA production program, scholarships, and much more.[12] Women in Film and Television International[edit] Women in Film and Television International (WIFTI) is a "global network comprised of over forty Women In Film chapters worldwide with over 10,000 members, dedicated to advancing professional development and achievement for women working in all areas of film, video and digital media."[13] The organization was founded in 1973 in Los Angeles by Tichi Wilkerson Kassel and grew quickly worldwide, hosting their first Women in Film and Television International World Summit in New York City in September 1997.[14] Women's International Film and Arts Festival[edit] The Women's International Film & Arts Festival (WIFF) is a "unique, cultural event featuring films, visual and performance arts and other artistic expressions by women." "Designed to promote women in the film industry and celebrate women’s accomplishments, the festival consists of panel discussions, workshops, and symposia. WIFF’s goals include empowering women of all ages to see themselves in a broader context."[15] WITASWAN and International SWAN Day[edit] In 2002, Jan Lisa Huttner began an organization known as WITASWAN - Women in the Audience Supporting Women Artists Now, a grassroots movement to eliminate the celluloid ceiling. Combining efforts with the WomenArts Network, WITASWAN hosts and promotes International SWAN (Supporting Women Artists Now) Day annually, beginning in 2008. Over 700 celebrations worldwide take place on the last Saturday of March, bringing people together to celebrate women artists and filmmakers. The event is designed to promote awareness of women in film and the ways that people can support them by being educated film consumers.[16]

See also[edit] Celluloid Closet Glass ceiling Jane Campion Catherine Hardwicke Bechdel test Women in Film and Television International Miss Representation Androcentrism Jan Lisa Huttner

References[edit] ^ a b c d e f g h Lauzen, Martha. "The Celluloid Ceiling: Behind-the-Scenes Employment of Women on the Top 250 Films of 012" (PDF). The Center for the Study of Women in Television and Film. San Diego State University. Retrieved 2013-05-20.  ^ Buckley, Cara. "Only 15 Percent of Top Films in 2013 Put Women in Lead Roles, Study Finds". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-03-12.  ^ "Women Face Celluloid Ceiling in U.S. Film Industry, Study Finds". The Chicago Tribune. 23 January 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2013.  ^ a b c Seldon, Laura. "10 Top Female Directors". Huff Post Women. The Huffington Post. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ "Alice Guy-Blaché". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. Retrieved 30 May 2013.  ^ "Kathryn Bigelow". The Internet Movie Database. Inc. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ "Jane Campion". The Internet Movie Database. Inc. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ "OLYMPICS; Geena Davis Zeros In With Bow and Arrows". NY Times. 6 August 1999. Archived from the original on June 12, 2015. Retrieved December 24, 2015.  ^ Silverstein, Melissa. "Sony Head Amy Pascal on Women Directors: The Whole System is Geared for Them To Fail". Women in Hollywood. A SnagFilms Co. Retrieved 30 May 2013.  ^ "Amy Pascal| Senior Management Team". Sony Pictures. Sony Pictures Digital Production. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2013.  ^ "Mission Statement". Women in Film. Women in Film. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ "Women in Film Programs". Women in Film Los Angeles. Women in Film. Retrieved 30 May 2013.  ^ "Mission". Women in Film and Television International. Women in Film and Television International. Retrieved 27 May 2013.  ^ "Overview". Women in Film and Television International. Women in Film and Television International. Retrieved 30 May 2013.  ^ "Our Mission". The Women's International Film and Arts Festival. Women's International Film and Arts Festival 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2013.  ^ "Join Us for the Seventh International Support Women Artists Now Day!". WomenArts. WomenArts. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 

External links[edit] Lauzen Interview Movies by Women Guerilla Girls Celluloid Ceiling: Behind-the-Scenes Employment of Women on the Top 250 Films of 2006 at Movies by Women Women film directors: a scandalous rarity Bringing more women film-makers into the frame "Unchain the women directors" - Salon Tough broads: Women directors and the Oscars - Feb. 26, 2004 "Works of 11 Female Artists Are Oscar Nominees", Women's eNews, 2004 Where are the female directors? - Salon Trumpet of the SWAN Women in Film v t e Women in media Tropes Final girl Hawksian woman Seriality Jouissance Celluloid ceiling Psycho-biddy Misogyny in horror films Scream queen Women in film Women's cinema Chick flick Woman's film Female buddy film Feminist art theory Art criticism Film theory Male gaze Female gaze Bechdel test Literary criticism Retrieved from "" Categories: Feminism and the artsFeminism and social classWomen in film

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MetaphorHollywoodCelluloidFilm StockGlass CeilingSan Diego State UniversityLeni RiefenstahlKathryn BigelowJane CampionGina Prince-BythewoodClaire DenisSofia CoppolaCatherine HardwickAmy HeckerlingJulie TaymorNora EphronAlice Guy-BlachéLa Fée Aux ChouxSolax StudiosKathryn BigelowFilm DirectorFilm ProducerScreenwriterTelevision DirectorThe Hurt LockerDirectors Guild Of AmericaBAFTA Award For Best DirectionCritics' Choice Movie AwardsSaturn Award For Best DirectorJane CampionFilm DirectorScreenwriterFilm ProducerAcademy Award For Best DirectorPalme D'OrCannes Film FestivalGeena DavisArcheryGeena Davis Institute On Gender In MediaCatherine HardwickeFilm DirectorTwilight (2008 Film)Amy HeckerlingFast Times At Ridgemont HighEuropean VacationClueless (film)Franklin J. SchaffnerAmerican Film InstituteAmy PascalColumbia PicturesTurner PicturesGroundhog Day (film)Little Women (1994 Film)A League Of Their Own20th Century FoxTony GarnettWarner Bros.Women In Film And Television InternationalTichi Wilkerson KasselWomen In Film And Television InternationalNew York CityJan Lisa HuttnerCelluloid ClosetGlass CeilingJane CampionCatherine HardwickeBechdel TestWomen In Film And Television InternationalMiss RepresentationAndrocentrismJan Lisa HuttnerWomen's ENewsTemplate:Women In MediaFinal GirlHawksian WomanSeriality (gender Studies)JouissancePsycho-biddyMisogyny In Horror FilmsScream QueenWomen In FilmWomen's CinemaChick FlickWoman's FilmFemale Buddy FilmFeminist ArtFeminist Art CriticismFeminist Film TheoryMale GazeFemale GazeBechdel TestFeminist Literary CriticismHelp:CategoryCategory:Feminism And The ArtsCategory:Feminism And Social ClassCategory:Women In FilmDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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