Contents 1 Career 2 Personal life and death 3 Legacy 4 Academy Awards 4.1 Awards for Art Direction 4.2 Nominations for Art Direction 5 See also 6 Bibliography 7 References 8 External links

Career[edit] In addition to his credits as set decorator and art director, Cedric Gibbons is credited for directing one feature film, Tarzan and His Mate (1934) Austin Cedric Gibbons was born in Dublin to architect Austin P. Gibbons and Veronica Fitzpatrick Simmons. He was privately tutored and studied at the Art Students League of New York. In 1911 he began working in his father's office as a junior draftsman. Art director at Edison Studios in New Jersey from 1915, he served in the US Navy during World War I. He then joined Goldwyn Studios, and began a long career with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1924, when the studio was founded.[2] Gibbons was one of the original 36 founding members of The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and oversaw the design of the Academy Awards statuette in 1928, a trophy for which he himself would be nominated 39 times, winning 11.[3] He retired in 1956 with about 1,500 films credited to him: however, his contract with MGM dictated that he receive credit as art director for every MGM film released in the United States, even though other designers may have done the bulk of the work. Even so, his actual hands-on art direction may have been about 150 films.

Personal life and death[edit] In 1930, Gibbons married actress Dolores del Río and co-designed their house in Santa Monica, an intricate Art Deco residence influenced by Rudolf Schindler. They divorced in 1941; three years later [4] he married actress Hazel Brooks, with whom he remained until his death. Gibbons' second cousin Frederick Gibbons, a musician, orchestra conductor, and entertainer who worked with him at MGM, was the father of Billy Gibbons of the rock band ZZ Top. On July 26, 1960, Gibbons died in Los Angeles at the age of 67. He is buried in the Calvary Cemetery, East Los Angeles.

Legacy[edit] Gibbons's set designs, particularly those in such films as Born to Dance (1936) and Rosalie (1937), heavily inspired motion picture theater architecture in the late 1930s through 1950s. The style is found very clearly in the theaters that were managed by the Skouras brothers, whose designer Carl G. Moeller used the sweeping scroll-like details in his creations. Among the more classic examples are the Loma Theater in San Diego, The Crest in Long Beach and Fresno, and the Culver Theater in Culver City, all of which are in California and some extant. The style is sometimes referred to as Art Deco and Art Moderne. The iconic Oscar statuettes that he designed, which were first awarded in 1929, are still being awarded to winners at Academy Award ceremonies each year.

Academy Awards[edit] Awards for Art Direction[edit] The Bridge of San Luis Rey (1929) The Merry Widow (1934) Pride and Prejudice (1940) Blossoms in the Dust (1941) Gaslight (1944) The Yearling (1946) Little Women (1949) An American in Paris (1951) The Bad and the Beautiful (1952) Julius Caesar (1953) Somebody Up There Likes Me (1957) Nominations for Art Direction[edit] When Ladies Meet (1933) Romeo and Juliet (1936) The Great Ziegfeld (1936) Conquest (1937) Marie Antoinette (1938) The Wizard of Oz (1939) Bitter Sweet (1940) When Ladies Meet (1941) Random Harvest (1942) Madame Curie (1943) Thousands Cheer (1943) Kismet (1944) National Velvet (1944) The Picture of Dorian Gray (1945) Madame Bovary (1949) The Red Danube (1949) Annie Get Your Gun (1950) Too Young to Kiss (1951) Quo Vadis (1951) The Merry Widow (1952) Lili (1953) The Story of Three Loves (1953) Young Bess (1953) Brigadoon (1954) Executive Suite (1954) I'll Cry Tomorrow (1955) Blackboard Jungle (1955) Lust for Life (1956)

See also[edit] Biography portal Art Directors Guild Hall of Fame

Bibliography[edit] "Cedric Gibbons Architect of Style", LA Modernism catalog, May 2006, pp. 16–17 by Jeffrey Head

References[edit] ^ "Nominee Facts - Most Nominations and Awards" Archived 2016-04-25 at WebCite, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; retrieved November 29, 2015. ^ "Cedric Gibbons, M-G-M Artist, 65". The New York Times. July 27, 1960. Retrieved 2017-12-02.  ^ "Cedric Gibbons Biography". Retrieved 2010-02-28.  ^ "Glamour Girls of the Silver Screen". Retrieved 2013-07-05. 

External links[edit] Cedric Gibbons on IMDb Cedric Gibbons at Find a Grave v t e Academy Award for Best Production Design 1927–1939 Interior Decoration 1927/1928: William Cameron Menzies 1929/1929: Cedric Gibbons 1929/1930: Herman Rosse 1930/1931: Max Rée 1931/1932: Gordon Wiles 1932/1933: William S. Darling 1934: Cedric Gibbons, Fredric Hope 1935: Richard Day 1936: Richard Day 1937: Stephen Goosson 1938: Carl Jules Weyl 1939: Lyle R. Wheeler 1940–1946 Black & White / Color separate 1940 (bw): Cedric Gibbons, Paul Groesse / (c): Vincent Korda 1941 (bw): Richard Day, Nathan H. Juran, Thomas Little / (c): Cedric Gibbons, Urie McCleary, Edwin B. Willis 1942 (bw): Richard Day, Joseph C. Wright, Thomas Little / (c): Richard Day, Joseph C. Wright, Thomas Little 1943 (bw): James Basevi, William S. Darling, Thomas Little / (c): Alexander Golitzen, John B. Goodman, Russell A. Gausman, Ira S. Webb 1944 (bw): Cedric Gibbons, William Ferrari, Paul Huldschinsky, Edwin B. Willis / (c): Wiard Ihnen, Thomas Little 1945 (bw): Wiard Ihnen, A. Roland Fields / (c): Hans Dreier, Ernst Fegté, Samuel M. Comer 1946 (bw): William S. Darling, Lyle R. Wheeler, Thomas Little, Frank E. Hughes / (c): Cedric Gibbons, Paul Groesse, Edwin B. Willis 1947–1956 renamed Art Direction - Set Decoration Black & White / Color separate 1947 (bw): John Bryan, Wilfred Shingleton / (c): Alfred Junge 1948 (bw): Roger K. Furse, Carmen Dillon / (c): Hein Heckroth, Arthur Lawson 1949 (bw): Harry Horner, John Meehan, Emile Kuri / (c): Cedric Gibbons, Paul Groesse, Edwin B. Willis, Jack D. Moore 1950 (bw): Hans Dreier, John Meehan, Samuel M. Comer, Ray Moyer / (c): Hans Dreier, Walter Tyler, Samuel M. Comer, Ray Moyer 1951 (bw): Richard Day, George James Hopkins / (c): Cedric Gibbons, E. Preston Ames, Edwin B. Willis, F. Keogh Gleason 1952 (bw): Cedric Gibbons, Edward Carfagno, Edwin B. Willis, F. Keogh Gleason /(c): Paul Sheriff, Marcel Vertès 1953 (bw): Cedric Gibbons, Edward Carfagno, Edwin B. Willis, Hugh Hunt / (c): Lyle R. Wheeler, George Davis, Walter M. Scott, Paul S. Fox 1954 (bw): Richard Day / (c): John Meehan, Emile Kuri 1955 (bw): Hal Pereira, Tambi Larsen, Samuel M. Comer, Arthur Krams / (c): William Flannery, Jo Mielziner, Robert Priestley 1956 (bw): Cedric Gibbons, Malcolm F. Brown, Edwin B. Willis, F. Keogh Gleason / (c): Lyle R. Wheeler, John DeCuir, Walter M. Scott, Paul S. Fox 1957–1958 1957: Ted Haworth, Robert Priestley 1958: William A. Horning, E. Preston Ames, Henry Grace, F. Keogh Gleason 1959–1966 Black & White / Color separate 1959 (bw): Lyle R. Wheeler, George Davis, Walter M. Scott, Stuart A. Reiss / (c): William A. Horning (posthumous award), Edward Carfagno, Hugh Hunt 1960 (bw): Alexandre Trauner, Edward G. Boyle /(c): Alexander Golitzen, Eric Orbom (posthumous award), Russell A. Gausman, Julia Heron 1961 (bw): Harry Horner, Gene Callahan / (c): Boris Leven, Victor A. Gangelin 1962 (bw): Alexander Golitzen, Henry Bumstead, Oliver Emert /(c): John Box, John Stoll, Dario Simoni 1963 (bw): Gene Callahan / (c): John DeCuir, Jack Martin Smith, Hilyard M. Brown, Herman A. Blumenthal, Elven Webb, Maurice Pelling, Boris Juraga, Walter M. Scott, Paul S. Fox, Ray Moyer 1964 (bw): Vassilis Photopoulos /(c): Gene Allen, Cecil Beaton, George James Hopkins 1965 (bw): Robert Clatworthy, Joseph Kish /(c): John Box, Terence Marsh, Dario Simoni 1966 (bw): Richard Sylbert, George James Hopkins / (c): Jack Martin Smith, Dale Hennesy, Walter M. Scott, Stuart A. Reiss 1967–1980 1967: John Truscott, Edward Carrere, John W. Brown 1968: John Box, Terence Marsh, Vernon Dixon, Ken Muggleston 1969: John DeCuir, Jack Martin Smith, Herman A. Blumenthal, Walter M. Scott, George James Hopkins, Raphaël Bretton 1970: Urie McCleary, Gil Parrondo, Antonio Mateos, Pierre-Louis Thévenet 1971: John Box, Ernest Archer, Jack Maxsted, Gil Parrondo, Vernon Dixon 1972: Rolf Zehetbauer, Jurgen Kiebach, Herbert Strabel 1973: Henry Bumstead, James W. Payne 1974: Dean Tavoularis, Angelo P. Graham, George R. Nelson 1975: Ken Adam, Roy Walker, Vernon Dixon 1976: George C. Jenkins, George Gaines 1977: John Barry, Norman Reynolds, Leslie Dilley, Roger Christian 1978: Paul Sylbert, Edwin O'Donovan, George Gaines 1979: Philip Rosenberg, Tony Walton, Edward Stewart, Gary J. Brink 1980: Pierre Guffroy, Jack Stephens 1981–2000 1981: Norman Reynolds, Leslie Dilley; Michael D. Ford (set) 1982: Stuart Craig, Robert W. Laing; Michael Seirton (set) 1983: Anna Asp, Susanne Lingheim 1984: Patrizia von Brandenstein; Karel Černý (set) 1985: Stephen B. Grimes; Josie MacAvin (set) 1986: Gianni Quaranta, Brian Ackland-Snow; Brian Savegar, Elio Altramura (set) 1987: Ferdinando Scarfiotti; Bruno Cesari, Osvaldo Desideri (set) 1988: Stuart Craig; Gérard James (set) 1989: Anton Furst; Peter Young (set) 1990: Richard Sylbert (art); Rick Simpson (set) 1991: Dennis Gassner (art); Nancy Haigh (set) 1992: Luciana Arrighi (art); Ian Whittaker (set) 1993: Allan Starski (art); Ewa Braun (set) 1994: Ken Adam (art); Carolyn Scott (set) 1995: Eugenio Zanetti (art) 1996: Stuart Craig (art); Stephenie McMillan (set) 1997: Peter Lamont (art); Michael D. Ford (set) 1998: Martin Childs (art); Jill Quertier (set) 1999: Rick Heinrichs (art); Peter Young (set) 2000: Timmy Yip (art) 2001–present 2001: Catherine Martin (art); Brigitte Broch (set) 2002: John Myhre (art); Gordon Sim (set) 2003: Grant Major (art); Dan Hennah and Alan Lee (set) 2004: Dante Ferretti (art); Francesca Lo Schiavo (set) 2005: John Myhre (art); Gretchen Rau (set; posthumous award) 2006: Eugenio Caballero (art); Pilar Revuelta (set) 2007: Dante Ferretti (art); Francesca Lo Schiavo (set) 2008: Donald Graham Burt (art) and Victor J. Zolfo (set) 2009: Rick Carter and Robert Stromberg (art), Kim Sinclair (set) 2010: Robert Stromberg (art) and Karen O'Hara (set) 2011: Dante Ferretti (art) and Francesca Lo Schiavo (set) 2012: Rick Carter (art) and Jim Erickson (set) 2013: Catherine Martin (art) and Beverley Dunn (set) 2014: Anna Pinnock (art) and Adam Stockhausen (set) 2015: Colin Gibson (art) and Lisa Thompson (set) 2016: David Wasco (art) and Sandy Reynolds-Wasco (set) Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 42042359 LCCN: n85342791 ISNI: 0000 0001 1628 7649 GND: 140127038 SUDOC: 183006828 BNF: cb14048602t (data) BIBSYS: 11044211 ULAN: 500222913 NKC: xx0170770 BNE: XX5211155 SNAC: w6f8499w Retrieved from "" Categories: American art directorsAmerican set designers1893 births1960 deathsAcademy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences foundersBest Art Direction Academy Award winnersCalifornia people in designArt Students League of New York alumniBurials at Calvary Cemetery, East Los AngelesHollywood history and cultureHidden categories: Webarchive template webcite linksArticles with hCardsPages using div col without cols and colwidth parametersFind a Grave template with ID same as WikidataWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiersWikipedia articles with ULAN identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers

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Los AngelesCaliforniaCalvary Cemetery, East Los AngelesDolores Del RioHazel BrooksArt DirectorProduction DesignerAcademy AwardAcademy Award For Best Production DesignEnlargeTarzan And His MateArt Students League Of New YorkDrafterEdison StudiosSamuel GoldwynMetro-Goldwyn-MayerAcademy Of Motion Picture Arts And SciencesAcademy AwardsDolores Del RíoArt DecoRudolph Schindler (architect)Hazel BrooksBilly GibbonsZZ TopLos AngelesCalvary Cemetery, East Los AngelesBorn To DanceRosalie (film)Charles SkourasSan DiegoCulver CityArt DecoArt ModerneAcademy AwardThe Bridge Of San Luis Rey (1929 Film)The Merry Widow (1934 Film)Pride And Prejudice (1940 Film)Blossoms In The DustGaslight (1944 Film)The Yearling (film)Little Women (1949 Film)An American In Paris (film)The Bad And The BeautifulJulius Caesar (1953 Film)Somebody Up There Likes Me (1956 Film)When Ladies Meet (1933 Film)Romeo And Juliet (1936 Film)The Great ZiegfeldConquest (1937 Film)Marie Antoinette (1938 Film)The Wizard Of Oz (1939 Film)Bitter Sweet (1940 Film)When Ladies Meet (1941 Film)Random Harvest (film)Madame Curie (film)Thousands CheerKismet (1944 Film)National Velvet (film)The Picture Of Dorian Gray (1945 Film)Madame Bovary (1949 Film)The Red DanubeAnnie Get Your Gun (film)Too Young To KissQuo Vadis (1951 Film)The Merry Widow (1952 Film)LiliThe Story Of Three LovesYoung BessBrigadoon (film)Executive SuiteI'll Cry TomorrowBlackboard JungleLust For Life (film)Portal:BiographyArt Directors Guild Hall Of FameWebCiteThe New York TimesIMDbFind A GraveTemplate:Academy Award Best Production DesignTemplate Talk:Academy Award Best Production DesignAcademy Award For Best Production DesignWilliam Cameron MenziesHerman RosseMax RéeGordon WilesWilliam S. DarlingFredric HopeRichard Day (art Director)Richard Day (art Director)Stephen GoossonCarl Jules WeylLyle R. WheelerPaul GroesseVincent KordaRichard Day (art Director)Nathan H. JuranThomas LittleUrie McClearyEdwin B. WillisRichard Day (art Director)Joseph C. WrightThomas LittleRichard Day (art Director)Joseph C. WrightThomas LittleJames BaseviWilliam S. DarlingThomas LittleAlexander GolitzenJohn B. Goodman (art Director)Russell A. GausmanIra S. WebbWilliam FerrariPaul HuldschinskyEdwin B. WillisWiard IhnenThomas LittleWiard IhnenA. Roland FieldsHans DreierErnst FegtéSamuel M. ComerWilliam S. DarlingLyle R. WheelerThomas LittleFrank E. HughesPaul GroesseEdwin B. WillisJohn Bryan (art Director)Wilfred ShingletonAlfred JungeRoger K. FurseCarmen DillonHein HeckrothArthur Lawson (designer)Harry HornerJohn Meehan (art Director)Emile KuriPaul GroesseEdwin B. WillisJack D. MooreHans DreierJohn Meehan (art Director)Samuel M. ComerRay MoyerHans DreierWalter H. TylerSamuel M. ComerRay MoyerRichard Day (art Director)George James HopkinsE. Preston AmesEdwin B. WillisF. Keogh GleasonEdward CarfagnoEdwin B. WillisF. Keogh GleasonPaul SheriffMarcel VertèsEdward CarfagnoEdwin B. WillisHugh HuntLyle R. WheelerGeorge Davis (art Director)Walter M. ScottPaul S. FoxRichard Day (art Director)John Meehan (art Director)Emile KuriHal PereiraTambi LarsenSamuel M. ComerArthur KramsWilliam FlanneryJo MielzinerRobert PriestleyMalcolm Brown (art Director)Edwin B. WillisF. Keogh GleasonLyle R. WheelerJohn DeCuirWalter M. ScottPaul S. FoxTed HaworthRobert PriestleyWilliam A. HorningE. Preston AmesHenry GraceF. Keogh GleasonLyle R. WheelerGeorge Davis (art Director)Walter M. ScottStuart A. ReissWilliam A. HorningList Of Posthumous Academy Award Winners And NomineesEdward CarfagnoHugh HuntAlexandre TraunerEdward G. BoyleAlexander GolitzenEric OrbomList Of Posthumous Academy Award Winners And NomineesRussell A. GausmanJulia HeronHarry HornerGene CallahanBoris LevenVictor A. GangelinAlexander GolitzenHenry BumsteadOliver EmertJohn BoxJohn StollDario SimoniGene CallahanJohn DeCuirJack Martin SmithHilyard M. BrownHerman A. BlumenthalElven WebbMaurice PellingBoris JuragaWalter M. ScottPaul S. FoxRay MoyerVassilis PhotopoulosGene Allen (art Director)Cecil BeatonGeorge James HopkinsRobert Clatworthy (art Director)Joseph KishJohn BoxTerence MarshDario SimoniRichard SylbertGeorge James HopkinsJack Martin SmithDale HennesyWalter M. ScottStuart A. ReissJohn TruscottEdward CarrereJohn W. Brown (set Decorator)John BoxTerence MarshVernon DixonKen MugglestonJohn DeCuirJack Martin SmithHerman A. BlumenthalWalter M. ScottGeorge James HopkinsRaphaël BrettonUrie McClearyGil ParrondoAntonio MateosPierre-Louis ThévenetJohn BoxErnest ArcherJack MaxstedGil ParrondoVernon DixonRolf ZehetbauerHans Jürgen KiebachHerbert StrabelHenry BumsteadJames W. PayneDean TavoularisAngelo P. GrahamGeorge R. NelsonKen AdamRoy Walker (production Designer)Vernon DixonGeorge C. JenkinsGeorge Gaines (set Decorator)John Barry (set Designer)Norman ReynoldsLeslie DilleyRoger Christian (filmmaker)Paul SylbertEdwin O'DonovanGeorge Gaines (set Decorator)Philip RosenbergTony WaltonEdward Stewart (set Decorator)Gary J. BrinkPierre GuffroyJack Stephens (set Decorator)Norman ReynoldsLeslie DilleyMichael D. FordStuart CraigRobert W. LaingMichael SeirtonAnna AspSusanne LingheimPatrizia Von BrandensteinKarel Černý (art Director)Stephen B. GrimesJosie MacAvinGianni QuarantaBrian Ackland-SnowBrian SavegarElio AltramuraFerdinando ScarfiottiBruno CesariOsvaldo DesideriStuart CraigGérard JamesAnton FurstPeter Young (set Decorator)Richard SylbertRick SimpsonDennis GassnerNancy HaighLuciana ArrighiIan WhittakerAllan StarskiEwa BraunKen AdamCarolyn ScottEugenio ZanettiStuart CraigStephenie McMillanPeter LamontMichael D. 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