Contents 1 Early life 2 Relationship with Prince William 2.1 Early relationship 2.2 Breakup and reconciliation 2.3 Engagement and marriage 2.4 Motherhood and children 3 Public life 3.1 Charity work 3.2 Public image and style 3.3 Privacy and the media 4 In popular culture 5 Titles, styles, honours and arms 5.1 Titles and styles 5.2 Honours 5.2.1 Honorary military appointments 5.2.2 Honorific eponym 5.3 Arms 6 Ancestry 7 References 8 Bibliography 9 External links

Early life[edit] Catherine Elizabeth Middleton was born at Royal Berkshire Hospital in Reading on 9 January 1982 to an upper-middle-class family.[11][12][13][14][15] She was christened at St Andrew's Bradfield, Berkshire, on 20 June 1982.[16][17][18] She is the eldest of three children born to Michael Middleton (b. 1949),[19] and his wife, Carole (née Goldsmith; b. 1955),[20] a former flight dispatcher and flight attendant, respectively, who in 1987 founded Party Pieces, a mail order private company that sells party supplies and decorations with an estimated worth of £30 million.[21][22][23] The family of her father Michael has ties to British aristocracy and benefited financially from trust funds which they had established over 100 years ago.[24][25][12][26][27][28] Her Middleton relatives were reported as having played host to British royalty "as long ago as 1926".[29][30] She has a younger sister, Pippa, and a younger brother, James.[31] The family lived in Amman, Jordan, from May 1984 to September 1986; her father worked for British Airways (BA), and Middleton went to an English-language nursery school.[32][33] Following her return to Berkshire in 1986, she was enrolled aged four at St Andrew's School, a private school near the village of Pangbourne in Berkshire. She boarded part-weekly at St Andrew's in her later years.[34] She then studied briefly at Downe House.[35] She was a boarder at Marlborough College, a co-educational independent boarding school in Wiltshire,[36][37] and graduated in 2005 from the University of St Andrews in Fife, Scotland, with an undergraduate MA (2:1 Hons) in the history of art.[38] In November 2006, Middleton accepted a position as an accessory buyer with the clothing chain Jigsaw,[39] where she worked part-time until November 2007. She also worked until January 2011 at Party Pieces; her role within the family business included catalogue design and production, marketing and photography.[16][40]

Relationship with Prince William[edit] Early relationship[edit] Middleton at Windsor Castle in 2008 In 2001, Middleton met Prince William while they were both students in residence at St Salvator's Hall at the University of St Andrews.[41] The couple began dating in 2003, although their relationship remained unconfirmed.[42] On 17 October 2005, Middleton complained through her lawyer about harassment from the media, stating that she had done nothing significant to warrant publicity.[43] Media attention increased around the time of her 25th birthday in January 2007, prompting warnings from both the Prince of Wales and Prince William and from Middleton's lawyers, who threatened legal action. Two newspaper groups, News International, which publishes The Times and The Sun; and the Guardian Media Group, publishers of The Guardian, decided to refrain from publishing paparazzi photographs of her.[44] Middleton attended Prince William's Passing Out Parade at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst on 15 December 2006.[45][46] On 17 May 2008, Middleton attended the wedding of Prince William's cousin Peter Phillips to Autumn Kelly, which the prince did not attend.[47] On 19 July 2008, she was a guest at the wedding of Lady Rose Windsor and George Gilman. Prince William was away on military operations in the Caribbean, serving aboard HMS Iron Duke.[48] In 2010, Middleton pursued an invasion of privacy claim against two agencies and photographer Niraj Tanna, who took photographs of her over Christmas 2009.[49] She obtained a public apology, £5,000 in damages, and legal costs.[50] Breakup and reconciliation[edit] In April 2007, Prince William and Middleton split up. The couple decided to break up during a holiday in the Swiss resort of Zermatt.[51] Newspapers speculated about the reasons for the split, although these reports relied on anonymous sources. Middleton and her family attended the Concert for Diana at Wembley Stadium, where she and Prince William sat two rows apart. The couple were subsequently seen together in public on a number of occasions and news sources stated that they had "rekindled their relationship".[52] Engagement and marriage[edit] Further information: Wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton and Wedding dress of Kate Middleton The newly married Duke and Duchess of Cambridge on the balcony of Buckingham Palace (2011) Prince William and Catherine Middleton became engaged in October 2010, in Kenya, during a 10-day trip to the Lewa Wildlife Conservancy to celebrate Prince William's passing his RAF helicopter search and rescue course.[53][54] Clarence House announced the engagement on 16 November 2010.[53][55] Prince William gave Middleton the engagement ring that had belonged to his mother, Diana, Princess of Wales. The couple married in Westminster Abbey on 29 April 2011[56] (St. Catherine's Day), with the day declared a bank holiday in the United Kingdom. Estimates of the global audience for the wedding ranged around 300 million or more, whilst 26 million watched the event live in Britain alone.[57][58][59] On the morning of the wedding day, Prince William was created Duke of Cambridge, Earl of Strathearn and Baron Carrickfergus, with Catherine assuming the feminine forms of the titles.[60] In October, several months after the wedding, Commonwealth leaders pledged that they would implement changes in British royal succession law to adopt absolute primogeniture, meaning that the first child of the Duke and Duchess, whether boy or girl, would be next in line to the throne after their father.[61] Motherhood and children[edit] William and Catherine with their son the day after his birth (2013) On 3 December 2012, St James's Palace announced that the Duchess was pregnant with her first child. The announcement was made earlier in the pregnancy than is usual as she had been admitted to King Edward VII's Hospital suffering from hyperemesis gravidarum, a severe form of morning sickness. She stayed in hospital for three days.[62][63] On 14 January 2013, St James's Palace announced that the child was due to be born in July 2013, and that the condition of the Duchess was improving.[64] The Duchess was admitted to St Mary's Hospital in London in the early stages of labour on the morning of 22 July 2013 and gave birth to Prince George later that day.[4][5] The Duchess's second pregnancy was announced on 8 September 2014.[65] As with her first pregnancy, the Duchess suffered from hyperemesis gravidarum and was required to cancel official engagements.[66] On 2 May 2015, the Duchess gave birth to Princess Charlotte.[6][67] The Duchess's third pregnancy was announced on 4 September 2017. She was again forced to cancel engagements due to hyperemesis gravidarum.[68] The child is due in April 2018.[69]

Public life[edit] Catherine and William celebrating Canada Day in Ottawa (2011) Middleton was formally introduced to public life on 24 February 2011, two months before the wedding, when she and Prince William attended a lifeboat-naming ceremony in Trearddur, Anglesey, in North Wales.[70] A day later they appeared in St Andrews to launch the university's 600th anniversary celebrations.[71] On 16 February 2011, Clarence House announced that the couple's first royal tour of Canada would take place in July 2011.[72] In May 2011, shortly after the wedding, Clarence House announced that the Duke and Duchess would extend their tour to visit California. This was to be the Duchess's first visit to the United States.[73] Catherine and William meet the Obamas at Buckingham Palace two weeks after their wedding (2011) The Duchess's first official engagement after the wedding came in May, when she and her husband met Barack Obama, the President of the United States, and First Lady Michelle Obama.[74] In June 2011, the Duke and Duchess presented medals to members of the Irish Guards.[75] On 26 October 2011, she undertook her first solo event for In Kind Direct, stepping in for the Prince of Wales, who was in Saudi Arabia.[76] On 2 November, the Duke and Duchess visited the UNICEF Supply Division Centre for supplying food to malnourished African children in Copenhagen, Denmark.[77][78] On St. Patrick's Day, 17 March 2012, the Duchess carried out the traditional awarding of shamrocks to the Irish Guards at their base in Aldershot; this was her first solo military engagement.[79] On 19 March, she gave her first speaking engagement for the opening of the Treehouse, a new children's hospice opened by East Anglia's Children's Hospices (EACH), a charity of which she is a patron.[80] In June 2012, The Foundation of Prince William and Prince Harry was renamed The Royal Foundation of The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry, to reflect Catherine's contribution to the charity.[81] The Duke and Duchess were announced as ambassadors for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, alongside Prince Harry.[82] As part of her role, the Duchess attended numerous sporting events throughout the games.[83] In September 2012, the Duke and Duchess embarked on a tour of Singapore, Malaysia, Tuvalu, and the Solomon Islands as part of the Queen's Diamond Jubilee celebrations.[84] During this overseas visit, she made her first official speech abroad, while visiting a hospice in Malaysia, drawing on her experience as patron of East Anglia's Children's Hospices.[85][86] After the birth of Prince George, the Duchess carried out her first engagement in late August when she accompanied the duke to meet runners preparing for an ultra-marathon on the isle of Anglesey, where they have a residence.[87][88] At the beginning of March 2014, details were announced of the half-month-long tour to New Zealand and Australia that the couple and son would be taking from 16 to 25 April.[89] The tour was Catherine's first visit to the area and Prince George's first major public appearance since his christening in October 2013.[90] The tour began in New Zealand where they visited Wellington, Blenheim, Auckland, Dunedin, Queenstown and Christchurch. It ended in Australia where they visited Sydney, the Blue Mountains, Brisbane, Uluru, Adelaide, and Canberra.[91] On 21 July 2014, it was announced that the Duchess would be making her first solo trip, visiting the island of Malta on 20–21 September 2014, when the island was celebrating its 50th independence anniversary.[92] Her trip was cancelled, with the Duke taking her place, after the announcement of her second pregnancy in early September.[93] In April 2016, the Duchess and her husband undertook a tour to India and Bhutan.[94] In January 2018, the couple visited Sweden and Norway.[95] Charity work[edit] In March 2011, the Duke and Duchess set up a gift fund held by The Foundation of Prince William and Prince Harry to allow well-wishers who want to give them a wedding gift to donate money to charities they care about instead.[96] The gift fund supported 26 charities of the couple's choice, incorporating the armed forces, children, the elderly, art, sport and conservation. These causes are close to their hearts and reflect the experiences, passions and values of their lives so far.[97][98] The Duchess of Cambridge at the National Portrait Gallery in 2014 The Duchess has a number of patronages: The Art Room, National Portrait Gallery, East Anglia's Children's Hospice, Action on Addiction, Place2Be, Natural History Museum, Anna Freud Centre, Sportsaid, and The 1851 Trust.[99][100][101] The Duchess is joint Patron of 100 Women in Hedge Fund's Philanthropic Initiatives, along with Prince William and Prince Harry.[102] In 2017, she became patron of The Lawn Tennis Association,[103] All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club[104] and Action for Children.[105] She is also a local volunteer leader with the Scout Association in north Wales.[106] In October 2012, the Duchess gave her royal patronage to the M-PACT programme (Moving Parents and Children Together), one of the only UK programmes to focus specifically on the impact of drug addiction on families as a whole.[107] In December, 2015, she assumed the patronage of the RAF Cadets[108] for youths 12-19 years of age. The Duke of Edinburgh, who had been patron of the RAF Cadets for 63 years, formally passed the torch to her during an audience at Buckingham Palace.[109] Public image and style[edit] See also: Engagement announcement dress of Catherine Middleton Middleton became prominent for her fashion style and has been placed on numerous "best dressed" lists.[110][111] She was selected by The Daily Telegraph as the "Most Promising Newcomer" in its 2006 list of style winners and losers.[112] Tatler placed her at number 8 on its yearly listing of the top ten style icons in 2007.[113] She was featured in People magazine's 2007 and 2010 best-dressed lists.[114] Middleton was named as one of Richard Blackwell's ten "Fabulous Fashion Independents" of 2007.[115] In June 2008, selected Middleton as their monthly beauty icon.[116] In July 2008, Middleton was included in Vanity Fair's international best-dressed list.[117] In February 2011, she was named the Top Fashion Buzzword of the 2011 season by the Global Language Monitor.[118] In January 2012, she was voted 'Headwear Person of the Year.'[119] Middleton was number one on Vanity Fair's annual best dressed lists in 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013; she also appeared as the cover star in 2012.[120][121] In June 2016, she took part in her first magazine shoot for Vogue's centenary issue appearing on the cover of the magazine.[122] While Catherine wears many new designers, she has also worn dresses by Catherine Walker, who designed many of Diana's favourite evening gowns and day suits.[123] Privacy and the media[edit] In 1997, William's mother, Diana, Princess of Wales, died in a road accident in Paris while being chased by paparazzi.[124] This incident has influenced the Duke's attitude towards media attention.[125] Both the Duchess and her husband have asked that, when off-duty, their privacy should be respected,[125] yet the media has not always gone along with the couple's wishes. In 2009, before her engagement to William, Middleton was awarded £10,000 damages and an apology from the photographic press agency Rex Features Ltd after she was photographed playing tennis on Christmas Eve when on holiday in Cornwall.[126] On 13 September 2012, it was reported that the French edition of "la presse people" magazine Closer and the Italian gossip magazine Chi, had both published photographs of the Duchess sun-bathing topless while on holiday at the Château d'Autet[125] (a private château on a 260-ha estate 71 km[127] north of Aix-en-Provence). Analysts from The Times believed that the photograph was taken from the D22 (Vaucluse) road half a kilometre from the pool – a distance that would require an 800-mm or a 1000-mm lens.[128] On 17 September 2012, the Duke and Duchess filed a criminal complaint with the French prosecution department and launched a claim for civil damages at the Tribunal de Grande Instance de Nanterre;[129] the following day the courts granted an injunction against Closer prohibiting further publication of the pictures and also announced that a criminal investigation would be initiated.[130] Under French law, punitive damages cannot be awarded[131] but such intrusions of privacy are a criminal offence carrying a maximum jail sentence of one year and a fine of up to €45,000 for individuals and €225,000 for companies.[132][133] In September 2017, Closer was fined €100,000 and its editor Laurence Pieau and owner Ernesto Mauri were each fined €45,000.[134] In December 2012, two Australian radio hosts, Michael Christian and Mel Greig, called King Edward VII's Hospital Sister Agnes where the Duchess was an in-patient for hyperemesis gravidarum. Pretending to be the Queen and the Prince of Wales, Greig and Christian telephoned the hospital and spoke to a nurse on the Duchess's ward, enquiring about her condition. Following a hospital inquiry and a public backlash against the hoax, the nurse who put the call through to the ward, Jacintha Saldanha, committed suicide.[135] The radio hosts subsequently apologised for their actions.[136] In February 2013, Chi published the first photos of Catherine's exposed baby bump, taken during her vacation on the private island of Mustique. The British press refused to publish the paparazzi shots.[137] While the Duchess was visiting the Blue Mountains in Sydney a picture was taken of her bare bottom as her dress blew up. Many newspapers outside the UK published the picture.[138] On 14 August 2015, Kensington Palace published a letter detailing what they stated were the dangerous and invasive efforts of the media to get paparazzi pictures of Prince George and Princess Charlotte. The letter was written by Jason Knauf, communications secretary to the Cambridges, and sent to media standards organisations in various countries.[139]

In popular culture[edit] Following international attention regarding the wedding, Lifetime aired a TV film entitled William & Kate on 18 April 2011, in the US.[140] The film premiered in the UK on 24 April 2011.[141] Middleton was played by Camilla Luddington[142] and Prince William by Nico Evers-Swindell.[143] TV programmes were also shown in the UK prior to the wedding which provided deeper insights into the couple's relationship and backgrounds, including When Kate Met William[144] and Channel 4's Meet the Middletons.[145] Another TV film covering similar ground to William & Kate, titled William & Catherine: A Royal Romance and filmed in Bucharest,[146] starred Alice St. Clair and Dan Amboyer as the title characters. Jane Alexander appeared as the Queen and Victor Garber as the Prince of Wales. The film aired on 27 August 2011, in the US on the Hallmark Channel.[147] In 2014, she was already being regarded as a British cultural icon, with young adults from abroad naming her among a group of people that they most associated with UK culture, which included William Shakespeare, Queen Elizabeth II, David Beckham, J. K. Rowling, The Beatles, Charlie Chaplin, Elton John and Adele.[148][149]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit] Titles and styles[edit] Royal monogram Upon her marriage in 2011, Catherine Middleton became known as "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge". A fuller version of her title and style is "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge, Countess of Strathearn and Lady Carrickfergus".[150][60][151][152][153] In Scotland, she is also styled as "Her Royal Highness The Countess of Strathearn".[154][155] Honours[edit] See also: List of honours of the British Royal Family by country Medals 6 February 2012: Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal Commonwealth honours 1 October 2016: Tuvalu Order of Merit[156] Honorary military appointments[edit] Canada 5 July 2011 – present: Canadian Ranger United Kingdom 16 December 2015 – present: Honorary Air Commandant of the Air Training Corps[157][158] Honorific eponym[edit] Awards  Ontario: Their Royal Highnesses The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge Award, University of Waterloo, Waterloo[159][160] Arms[edit] In September 2013, the Queen granted a conjugal coat of arms to the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, consisting of their individual arms displayed side by side, beneath a helm and coronet denoting the duke's status as grandson of the sovereign.[161] Below is shown the earlier grant of the duchess's personal arms, impaled with those of her husband. Coat of arms of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge Notes The duchess bears the arms of her husband impaled with those of her father. The coat of arms was granted to her father by the College of Arms on 19 April 2011. Thomas Woodcock, Garter King of Arms, the senior officer of the College of Arms, helped the family with the design.[162] The Duchess of Cambridge's coat of arms denotes that Catherine is the daughter of Michael Middleton and the wife of the Duke of Cambridge.[163] Adopted 19 April 2011 Coronet Coronet of a child of the Heir Apparent Escutcheon Quarterly 1st and 4th Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langed Azure (England), 2nd Or a lion rampant Gules armed and langued Azure within a double tressure flory counterflory of the second (Scotland), 3rd Azure a harp Or stringed Argent (Ireland), the whole differenced with a label of three points Argent with the central point charged with an escallop Gules (Prince William); Impaled with a shield per pale Azure and Gules, a chevron Or, cotised Argent, between three acorns slipped and leaved Or (Middleton).[162] Supporters To the dexter the Lion as borne and used as a Supporter by "Our Dearly Beloved Grandson His Royal Highness Prince William of Wales Duke of Cambridge" and to the sinister a Hind Argent unguled and gorged with "a Coronet of Our Dearly Beloved Grandson's degree Or". The hind is white (argent) and is hooved, unguled and has about its neck (is gorged with) the Duke of Cambridge's coronet. Both the hooves and coronet are gold (Or).[164] Symbolism The dividing line (between two colours) down the centre is a canting of the name 'Middle-ton'. The acorns (from the oak tree) are a traditional symbol of England and a feature of west Berkshire, where the family have lived for 30 years. The three acorns also denote the family's three children. The gold chevron in the centre of the arms is an allusion to Carole Middleton's maiden name of Goldsmith. The two white chevronels (narrow chevrons above and below the gold chevron) symbolise peaks and mountains, and the family's love of the Lake District and skiing.[162] Previous versions Catherine's previous coat of arms depicted the shield from her father Michael Middleton's coat of arms shaped into a lozenge hanging from a blue ribbon symbolising her unmarried state. Her sister Pippa also used the same lozenge-shaped coat of arms prior to her 2017 marriage. Her brother, James, will in due course inherit his father's coat of arms.[162]

Ancestry[edit] See also: Family of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge Potternewton Hall Estate - home of Olive Middleton (née Lupton) and her cousin, Baroness von Schunck (née Kate Lupton). Middleton's father, Michael, and her paternal ancestors were from Leeds, Yorkshire. Her paternal great-grandmother, Olive, was a member of the Lupton family, who are described in the City of Leeds Archives as "landed gentry, a political and business dynasty"; previously unpublished pictures revealed in March 2015 that Olive Middleton had grown up on her family's Potternewton Hall Estate alongside her cousin, Baroness von Schunck (née Kate Lupton).[31][165][166][167][168] Middleton's paternal ancestors also include her great-great-grandfather, politician Francis Martineau Lupton (1848–1921), whose first cousin, Sir Thomas Martineau, was reported in June 2014 as being the uncle of World War II Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain.[169] Middleton's maternal ancestors, the Harrisons, were working-class labourers and miners from Sunderland and County Durham.[170] Ancestors through her maternal line include Sir Thomas Conyers, 9th Baronet (1731–1810), who was a descendant of King Edward IV through his illegitimate daughter Elizabeth Plantagenet.[171] Other ancestors are Sir Thomas Fairfax (1475–1520), whose wife Anne Gascoigne was a descendant of King Edward III.[172][173]

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The Daily Telegraph.  ^ "Royals made ambassadors of London 2012 Olympic Games". The Guardian. 1 December 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2012.  ^ "The Royal Family and the Paralympics". Archived from the original on 10 September 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2015.  ^ Singh, Anita (15 December 2011). "Jubilee: royal trip to paradise for Duke and Duchess". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 October 2015.  ^ "Duchess of Cambridge's first speech outside of the UK reaffirms support for global hospice movement". Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.  ^ "Duchess of Cambridge gives first speech abroad". BBC News. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2015.  ^ "Duchess of Cambridge attends Anglesey ultra marathon". BBC News. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2015.  ^ "Kate Middleton, Duchess of Cambridge Accompanies Prince William To Anglesey Marathon". The Huffington Post. 30 August 2013. 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B96 Chicago. 13 February 2013.  ^ "Australian paper publishes Kate Middleton's controversial picture". Deccan Chronicle.  ^ "A letter from Kensington Palace". Retrieved 2016-03-26.  ^ Gallery: Lifetime's 'William & Kate' movie Digital Spy, 17 April 2011 ^ Wills and Kate movie 'guilty pleasure' TV, 26 April 2011 Archived 30 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Kate Middleton actress home for royal wedding BBC News, 27 April 2011 ^ Sun, Feifei (21 March 2011). "Drama Queen: Lifetime's 'William & Kate' Trailer Serves Up the Sap". Time NewsFeed. Retrieved 26 March 2011.  ^ Rewind TV: When Kate Met William; Kate and William: Romance and the Royals; The Suspicions of Mr Whicher; The Crimson Petal and the White The Observer, 1 May 2011 ^ TV review: Meet the Middletons; Help! My House is Infested; The Reckoning The Guardian, 18 April 2011 ^ "Hallmark Channel to film 'William & Catherine: A Royal Romance' – Lifeline Live". USA Today. 5 May 2011. 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(Accessed 24 July 2013) ^ Prince of Wales – Dumfries House (Section: 5 April Official Opening of the Tamar Manoukian Outdoor Centre) "...Their Royal Highnesses The Prince Charles, Duke of Rothesay and the Earl and Countess of Strathearn..." (Accessed 24 July 2013) ^ Palmer, Richard (30 March 2017). "William and Kate to receive highest Tuvalu award... for just VISITING the nation". Express.  ^ "The Duke of Edinburgh Hands Air Cadet Patronage to The Duchess of Cambridge, 16 December 2015". Royal Air Force.  ^ Tominey, Camilla (14 February 2016). "Truth behind Prince George's love of aviation". Daily Express. Retrieved 19 February 2015.  ^ The Canadian Press (26 July 2011). "UW award honours Duke and Duchess of Cambridge". CTV. Retrieved 26 July 2011.  ^ "University of Waterloo offers Their Royal Highnesses The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge Award". Canada News Wire. 26 July 2011. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2011.  ^ Rayner, Gordon (27 September 2013). "Duke and Duchess of Cambridge get a joint coat of arms". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 October 2015.  Includes full-color image of the conjugal arms and supporters. ^ a b c d "The arms of Miss Catherine Middleton". College of Arms. 1 May 2011.  ^ Brooke-Little, J.P. (1978) [1950]. "XII – Marshalling". Boutell's Heraldry. London: Frederick Warne. ISBN 0-7232-2096-4.  ^ "Coat of Arms of Duchess of Cambridge". 14 November 2012. Archived from the original on 6 November 2012.  ^ Laycock, Mike. "Duchess of Cambridge's links with stately home near York revealed". The Press (York) – 17 March 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015. ....he discovered previously unpublished pictures in the depths of the Leeds archives showing the Potternewton Hall Estate where Olive ...(and) her blood cousin Baroness von Schunck...grew up.  ^ A Photographic Archive of Leeds, Leodis. "Headingley Castle". Leeds Library and Information Service, Leeds City Council. Retrieved 15 February 2015. The Luptons of Leeds were landed gentry; a political and business dynasty  ^ Rayner, Gordon (13 September 2013). "'Middle-class' Duchess of Cambridge's relative wore crown and attended George V's coronation". Daily Telegraph. p. 7. Retrieved 15 February 2015. The (Lupton) relatives who spoke to me said their ancestors were very much landed gentry, and as we now know some of them were titled.  ^ "The Leeds connection ..." Yorkshire Evening Post. 11 September 2006.  ^ Wharton, Jane. "Kate Middleton is a Brummie and related to a former Prime Minister". UK Daily Express, Page 3, 3 June 2014. Retrieved 8 November 2014.  ^ "The Middletons – finding common ground with the royal family". The Guardian. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2014.  ^ Child, Christopher C. (Fall 2011). "A Gratifying Discovery: Connecting Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, to Sir Thomas Conyers, 9th Bt. of Horden, Durham" (PDF). American Ancestors. New England Historic Genealogical Society. pp. 35–36. Retrieved 10 November 2013.  ^ Adolph, Anthony. "Princess Catherine". Retrieved 5 October 2013.  ^ Rayner, Gordon (13 September 2013). "Duchess of Cambridge's relative wore crown and attended coronation of George V". Michael Middleton's descent from Edward III. UK Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 25 January 2014. Michael Middleton is a direct descendant of Edward III 

Bibliography[edit] Jobson, Robert (2010). William & Kate: The Love Story. London: John Blake Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84454-736-4.  Nicholl, Katie (2015). Kate: The Future Queen. Hachette Books. ISBN 978-1602862609.  Southerland, Benjamin (2017). Kate Middleton: A Biography of the Duchess of Cambridge. ISBN 978-1520927732. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. 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