Contents 1 Early life 2 Career 2.1 In Brazil 2.2 In the U.S. 2.2.1 Brazilian criticism 2.3 Peak years 2.4 Decline 3 Personal life 4 Death 5 Image 6 Legacy 7 In popular culture 8 Filmography 9 Singles 9.1 Brazilian singles 9.2 American singles 10 See also 11 References 11.1 Works cited 12 Further reading 13 External links


Early life[edit] Travessa do Comércio in Rio de Janeiro; Miranda lived at number 13 when she was young.[15] Miranda was born Maria do Carmo Miranda da Cunha in Várzea da Ovelha e Aliviada, a village in the northern Portuguese municipality of Marco de Canaveses.[16] She was the second daughter of José Maria Pinto da Cunha (17 February 1887 – 21 June 1938) and Maria Emília Miranda (10 March 1886, Rio de Janeiro – 9 November 1971).[17] In 1909, when Miranda was ten months old, her father emigrated to Brazil[18] and settled in Rio de Janeiro, where he opened a barber shop. Her mother followed in 1910 with their daughters, Olinda (1907–1931) and Carmen. Although Carmen never returned to Portugal, she retained her Portuguese nationality. In Brazil, her parents had four more children: Amaro (born 1911), Cecília (1913–2011), Aurora (1915–2005) and Óscar (born 1916).[17] She was christened "Carmen" by her father because of his love for Bizet's operatic masterpiece. This passion for opera influenced his children, and Miranda's love for singing and dancing, at an early age.[18] She was educated at the Convent of Saint Therese of Lisieux. Her father did not approve of Miranda's plans to enter show business; her mother supported her, despite being beaten when her father discovered that his daughter had auditioned for a radio show (she had sung at parties and festivals in Rio). Miranda's older sister, Olinda, developed tuberculosis and was sent to Portugal for treatment; the singer worked in a tie shop at age 14 to help pay her sister's medical bills. She then worked in a boutique (where she learned to make hats), and opened a successful hat business.


Career[edit] In Brazil[edit] Chegou a hora da fogueira Carmen Miranda and Mário Reis, released in 1933 Alô... Alô? Carmen Miranda and Mário Reis, released in 1934 Problems playing these files? See media help. Miranda about 1930 Miranda was introduced to Josué de Barros, a composer and musician from Bahia, while she was working at her family’s inn. With help from de Barros and Brunswick Records, she recorded her first single (the samba "Não vá Simbora") in 1929. Miranda's second single, "Prá Você Gostar de Mim" (also known as "Taí", and released in 1930), was a collaboration with Brazilian composer Joubert de Carvalho and sold a record 35,000 copies that year. She signed a two-year contract with RCA Victor in 1930, giving them exclusive rights to her image.[19] In 1933 Miranda signed a two-year contract with Rádio Mayrink Veiga, the most popular Brazilian station of the 1930s, and was the first contract singer in Brazilian radio history; for a year, in 1937, she moved to Radio Tupi. She later signed a contract with Odeon Records,[20] making her the highest-paid radio singer in Brazil at the time.[21] Miranda's rise to stardom in Brazil was linked to the growing popularity of a native style of music: the samba. The samba and Miranda's popularity enhanced the revival of Brazilian nationalism during the regime of President Getúlio Vargas.[22] Her gracefulness and vitality in her recordings and live performances gave her the nickname "Cantora do It". The singer was later known as "Ditadora Risonha do Samba", and in 1933 radio announcer Cesar Ladeira christened her "A Pequena Notável". Her Brazilian film career was linked to a genre of musical films which drew on the nation's carnival traditions and the annual celebration and musical style of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil's capital at the time. Miranda performed a musical number in O Carnaval Cantado no Rio (1932, the first sound documentary on the subject) and three songs in A Voz do Carnaval (1933), which combined footage of street celebrations in Rio with a fictitious plot providing a pretext for musical numbers. Miranda's next screen performance was in the musical Hello, Hello Brazil! (1935), in which she performed its closing number: the marcha "Primavera no Rio", which she had recorded for Victor in August 1934. Several months after the film's release, according to Cinearte magazine, "Carmen Miranda is currently the most popular figure in Brazilian cinema, judging by the sizeable correspondence that she receives".[23] In her next film, Estudantes (1935), she had a speaking part for the first time. Miranda played Mimi, a young radio singer (who performs two numbers in the film) falls in love with a university student (played by singer Mário Reis). Poster for the 1936 Brazilian film, Hello, Hello, Carnival! She starred in the next co-production from the Waldow and Cinédia studios, the musical Hello, Hello, Carnival! (1936), which contained a roll call of popular-music and radio performers (including Miranda's sister, Aurora). A standard backstage plot permitted 23 musical numbers and, by contemporary Brazilian standards, the film was a major production. Its set reproduced the interior of Rio's plush Atlântico casino (where some scenes were filmed) and was a backdrop for some of its musical numbers.[24] Miranda's stardom is evident in a film poster with a full-length photograph of her and her name topping the cast list.[25] Although she became synonymous with colorful fruit hats during her later career, she began wearing them only in 1939. Miranda appeared in the film Banana-da-Terra that year in a glamorous version of the traditional dress of a poor black girl in Bahia: a flowing dress and a fruit-hat turban. She sang "O que é que a Baiana Tem?" ("What Does a Baiana Have?"), which intended to empower a social class which was usually disparaged.[26][27][28] Producer Lee Shubert offered Miranda an eight-week contract to perform in The Streets of Paris on Broadway after seeing her perform in 1939 at Rio’s Cassino da Urca.[29] Although she was interested in performing in New York, she refused to accept the deal unless Shubert agreed to also hire her band, the Bando da Lua. He refused, saying that there were many capable musicians in New York who could back her. Miranda remained steadfast, feeling that North American musicians would not be able to authenticate the sounds of Brazil. Shubert compromised, agreeing to hire the six band members but not paying for their transport to New York. President Getúlio Vargas, recognizing the value to Brazil of Miranda's tour, announced that the Brazilian government would pay for the band's transportation on the Moore-McCormack Lines between Rio and New York.[30] Vargas believed that Miranda would foster ties between the northern and southern hemispheres and act as a goodwill ambassador in the United States, increasing Brazil's share of the American coffee market. Miranda took the official sanction of her trip and her duty to represent Brazil to the outside world seriously. She left for New York on the SS Uruguay on May 4, 1939, a few months before World War II.[31] In the U.S.[edit] Bud Abbott (left) and Lou Costello with Miranda Miranda arrived in New York on 18 May.[32] She and the band had their first Broadway performance on 19 June 1939 in The Streets of Paris.[33] Although Miranda's part was small (she only spoke four words), she received good reviews and became a media sensation.[34] According to New York Times theater critic Brooks Atkinson, most of the musical numbers "ap[e] the tawdry dullness" of genuine Paris revues and "the chorus girls, skin-deep in atmosphere, strike what Broadway thinks a Paris pose ought to be". Atkinson added, however, that "South American contributes the [revue's] most magnetic personality" (Miranda). Singing "rapid-rhythmed songs to the accompaniment of a Brazilian band, she radiates heat that will tax the Broadhurst [theater] air-conditioning plant this Summer". Although Atkinson gave the revue a lukewarm review, he wrote that Miranda made the show.[35][36][37] Syndicated columnist Walter Winchell wrote for the Daily Mirror that a star had been born who would save Broadway from the slump in ticket sales caused by the 1939 New York World's Fair. Winchell's praise of Carmen and her Bando da Lua was repeated on his Blue Network radio show, which reached 55 million listeners daily.[38] The press called Miranda "the girl who saved Broadway from the World's Fair".[39] Her fame grew quickly, and she was formally presented to President Franklin D. Roosevelt at a White House banquet shortly after her arrival. According to a Life magazine reviewer: Partly because their unusual melody and heavy accented rhythms are unlike anything ever heard in a Manhattan revue before, partly because there is not a clue to their meaning except the gay rolling of Carmen Miranda's insinuating eyes, these songs, and Miranda herself, are the outstanding hit of the show.[40] When news of Broadway's latest star (known as the Brazilian Bombshell) reached Hollywood, Twentieth Century-Fox began to develop a film featuring Miranda. Its working title was The South American Way (the title of a song she had performed in New York), and the film was later entitled Down Argentine Way (1940). Although its production and cast were based in Los Angeles, Miranda's scenes were filmed in New York because of her club obligations. Fox could combine the footage from both cities because the singer had no dialogue with the other cast members.[41][42][43] Down Argentine Way was successful, grossing $2 million that year at the U.S. box office.[44] The Shuberts brought Miranda back to Broadway, teaming her with Olsen and Johnson, Ella Logan, and the Blackburn Twins in the musical revue Sons o' Fun on 1 December 1941.[45] The show was a hodgepodge of slapstick, songs, and skits; according to New York Herald Tribune theater critic Richard Watts, Jr., "In her eccentric and highly personalized fashion, Miss Miranda is by way of being an artist and her numbers give the show its one touch of distinction." On 1 June 1942, she left the production when her Shubert contract expired; meanwhile, she recorded for Decca Records.[46] Miranda was encouraged by the U.S. government as part of Roosevelt's Good Neighbor policy, designed to strengthen ties with Latin America. It was believed that performers like her would give the policy a favorable impression with the American public.[47] Miranda's contract with 20th Century Fox lasted from 1941 to 1946, shortly after the creation (in 1940) of the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs. The goal of the OCIAA, based in Rio de Janeiro, was to obtain support from Latin American society and its governments for the United States.[48] The Good Neighbor policy had been linked to U.S. interference in Latin America; Roosevelt sought better diplomatic relations with Brazil and other South American nations, and pledged to refrain from military intervention (which had occurred to protect U.S. business interests in industries such as mining or agriculture). Hollywood was asked to help, and Walt Disney Studios and 20th Century Fox participated. Miranda was considered a goodwill ambassador and a promoter of intercontinental culture.[49] Brazilian criticism[edit] Although Miranda's U.S. popularity continued to increase, she began to lose favor with some Brazilians. On 10 July 1940, she returned to Brazil and was welcomed by cheering fans. Soon after her arrival, however, the Brazilian press began criticizing Miranda for accommodating American commercialism and projecting a negative image of Brazil. Members of the upper class felt that her image was "too black", and she was criticized in a Brazilian newspaper for "singing bad-taste black sambas". Other Brazilians criticized Miranda for playing a stereotypical "Latina bimbo" in her first interview after her arrival in the U.S. In the New York World-Telegram interview, she played up her then-limited knowledge of English language: "I say money, money, money. I say twenty words in English. I say money, money, money and I say hot dog!"[50] On 15 July, Miranda appeared in a charity concert organized by Brazilian First Lady Darci Vargas and attended by members of Brazil's high society. She greeted the audience in English, and was met with silence. When Miranda began singing "The South American Way", a song from one of her club acts, the audience began to boo her. Although she tried to finish her act, she gave up and left the stage when the audience continued to boo. The incident deeply hurt Miranda, who wept in her dressing room. The following day, the Brazilian press criticized her as "too Americanized".[50] Weeks later, Miranda responded to the criticism with the Portuguese song "Disseram que Voltei Americanizada" ("They Say I've Come Back Americanized"). Another song, "Bananas Is My Business", was based on a line from one of her films and directly addressed her image. Upset by the criticism, Miranda did not return to Brazil for fourteen years. Shamrock Hotel program and menu featuring Miranda, 26 February 1952 Her films were scrutinized by Latin American audiences for characterizing Central and South America in a culturally-homogenous way. When Miranda's films reached Central and South American theaters, they were perceived as depicting Latin American cultures through the lens of American preconceptions. Some Latin Americans felt that their cultures were misrepresented, and felt that someone from their own region was misrepresenting them. Down Argentine Way was criticized, with Argentines saying that it failed to depict Argentine culture. Its lyrics were allegedly replete with non-Argentine themes, and its sets were a fusion of Mexican, Cuban, and Brazilian culture. The film was later banned in Argentina for "wrongfully portraying life in Buenos Aires".[51] Similar sentiments were voiced in Cuba after the debut of Miranda's Weekend in Havana (1941), with Cuban audiences offended by Miranda's portrayal of a Cuban woman. Reviewers noted that an import from Rio could not accurately portray a woman from Havana, and Miranda did not "dance anything Cuban".[citation needed] Her performances were arguably hybrids of Brazilian and other Latin cultures. Critics said that Miranda's other films misrepresented Latin locales, assuming that Brazilian culture was a representation of Latin America.[52] Peak years[edit] Miranda with Don Ameche in That Night in Rio (1941) During the war years, Miranda starred in eight of her fourteen films; although the studios called her the Brazilian Bombshell, the films blurred her Brazilian identity in favor of a Latin American image.[53] According to a Variety review of director Irving Cummings' That Night in Rio (1941, Miranda’s second Hollywood film), her character upstaged the leads: "[Don] Ameche is very capable in a dual role, and Miss [Alice] Faye is eye-appealing but it’s the tempestuous Miranda who really gets away to a flying start from the first sequence".[54] A New York Times article said, "Whenever one or the other Ameche character gets out of the way and lets her [Carmen Miranda] have the screen, the film sizzles and wickedly scorchers."[55] Years later, Clive Hirschhorn wrote: "'That Night in Rio' was the quintessential Fox war-time musical – an over-blown, over-dressed, over-produced and thoroughly irresistible cornucopia of escapist ingredients."[56] On 24 March 1941, Miranda was one of the first Latinas to imprint her hand- and footprints on the sidewalk of Grauman's Chinese Theatre. Her next film, Week-End in Havana, was directed by Walter Lang and produced by William LeBaron. The cast included Alice Faye, John Payne, and Cesar Romero. After the studio's third effort to activate the "Latin hot blood", Fox was called "Hollywood's best good neighbor" by Bosley Crowther.[57] During the week it was release, the film topped the box office (surpassing Citizen Kane, released a week earlier).[58] In 1942 20th Century-Fox paid $60,000 to Lee Shubert to terminate his contract with Miranda, who finished her Sons o' Fun tour and began filming Springtime in the Rockies.[59] The film, which grossed about $2 million, was one of the year's ten most-successful films at the box office.[60] According to a Chicago Tribune review, it was "senseless, but eye intriguing ... The basic plot is splashed over with songs and dances and the mouthings and eye and hand work of Carmen Miranda, who sure would be up a tree if she ever had to sing in the dark".[61] In 1941 Miranda was invited to leave her hand- and (high-heeled) footprints at Grauman's Chinese Theatre, the first Latin-American to do so. In 1943, she appeared in Busby Berkeley's The Gang's All Here. Berkeley's musicals were known for lavish production, and Miranda's role as Dorita featured "The Lady in the Tutti-Frutti Hat". A special effect made her fruit-bedecked hat appear larger than possible. By then she was typecast as an exotic songstress, and under her studio contract she was obligated to make public appearances in her ever-more-outlandish film costumes. One of her records, "I Make My Money With Bananas" seemed to pay ironic tribute to her typecasting. The Gang's All Here was one of 1943's 10 highest-grossing films and Fox's most expensive production of the year.[62] It received positive reviews, although the New York Times film critic wrote: "Mr. Berkeley has some sly notions under his busby. One or two of his dance spectacles seem to stem straight from Freud."[63] The following year Miranda made a cameo appearance in Four Jills in a Jeep, a film based on a true adventure of actresses Kay Francis, Carole Landis, Martha Raye, and Mitzi Mayfair; Alice Faye and Betty Grable also made brief appearances. In 1944 Miranda also starred with Don Ameche in Greenwich Village, a Fox musical with William Bendix and Vivian Blaine in supporting roles. The film was poorly received; according to the New York Times, "Technicolor is the picture's chief asset, but still worth a look for the presence of Carmen Miranda".[64] In her Miami News review, Peggy Simmonds wrote: "Fortunately for Greenwich Village, the picture is made in Technicolor and has Carmen Miranda. Unfortunately for Carmen Miranda, the production doesn't do her justice, the overall effect is disappointing, but still she sparkles the picture whenever she appears."[65] Greenwich Village was less successful at the box office than Fox and Miranda had expected. Miranda's third 1944 film was Something for the Boys, a musical comedy based on the Broadway musical with songs by Cole Porter and starring Ethel Merman. It was Miranda's first film without William LeBaron or Darryl F. Zanuck as producer. The producer was Irving Starr, who oversaw the studio's second-string films. According to Time magazine, the film "turns out to have nothing very notable for anyone".[66] By 1945 Miranda was Hollywood's highest-paid entertainer and the top woman taxpayer in the United States, earning more than $200,000 that year ($2.2 million in 2010, adjusted for inflation).[67] Decline[edit] Doll Face (1945), Miranda's first black-and-white film for Fox After World War II, Miranda's films at Fox were produced in black-and-white, indicative of Hollywood's diminishing interest in her and Latin Americans in general. A monochrome Carmen Miranda reduced the box-office appeal of the backstage musical, Doll Face (1945), in which she was fourth on the bill. Miranda played Chita Chula, billed in the show-within-the-film as "the little lady from Brazil"—a cheerful comic sidekick to leading lady Doll Face (Vivian Blaine) with one musical number and little dialogue.[68] A New York Herald Tribune review read, "Carmen Miranda does what she always does, only not well";[69] according to The Sydney Morning Herald, "Carmen Miranda appears in a straight part with only one singing number. The innovation is not a success, but the fault is the director's not Carmen's."[70] In If I'm Lucky (1946), her follow-up film for Fox when she was no longer under contract, Miranda was again fourth on the bill with her stock screen persona firmly in evidence: heavily-accented English, comic malapropisms, and bizarre hairstyles recreating her famous turbans.[71] When Miranda's contract with 20th Century Fox expired on January 1, 1946, she decided to pursue an acting career free of studio constraints. Miranda's ambition was to play a lead role showcasing her comic skills, which she set out to do in Copacabana (1947, an independent production for United Artists with Groucho Marx).[72] Although her films were modest hits, critics and the American public did not accept her new image.[71] Although Miranda's film career was faltering, her musical career remained solid and she was still a popular nightclub attraction.[73] From 1948 to 1950, she joined the Andrews Sisters in producing and recording three Decca singles. Their first collaboration was on radio in 1945, when Miranda appeared on ABC's The Andrews Sisters Show. Their first single, "Cuanto Le Gusta", was the most popular and reached number twelve on the Billboard chart. "The Wedding Samba", which reached number 23, followed in 1950.[74] Andy Russell and Miranda in Copacabana (1947) After Copacabana, Joe Pasternak invited Miranda to make two Technicolor musicals for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer: A Date with Judy (1948) and Nancy Goes to Rio (1950). In the first production MGM wanted to portray a different image, allowing her to remove her turban and reveal her own hair (styled by Sydney Guilaroff) and makeup (by Jack Dawn). Miranda's wardrobe for the film substituted elegant dresses and hats designed by Helen Rose for "baiana" outfits. She was again fourth on the bill as Rosita Cochellas, a rumba teacher who first appears about 40 minutes into the film and has little dialogue. Despite MGM's efforts to change Miranda's persona, her roles in both productions were peripheral, watered-down caricatures relying on fractured English and over-the-top musical and dance numbers.(Castro 2005, p. 444) In her final film, Scared Stiff (1953, a black-and-white Paramount production with Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis), Miranda's appeal was again muted. Returning full-circle to her first Hollywood film, Down Argentine Way, she had virtually no narrative function. Lewis parodies her, miming badly to "Mamãe Eu Quero" (which is playing on a scratched record) and eating a banana he plucks from his turban. Miranda played Carmelita Castilha, a Brazilian showgirl on a cruise ship, with her costumes and performances bordering on self-parody. In April 1953, she began a four-month European tour. While performing in Cincinnati in October, Miranda collapsed from exhaustion; she was rushed to LeRoy Sanitarium by her husband, Dave Sebastian, and canceled four following performances.[75] Miranda became depressed and underwent electroshock therapy; when that failed to cure her, her physician suggested a return visit to Brazil. According to Bananas Is My Business, Miranda's family blamed her troubled, abusive marriage for her nervous breakdown which forced her to return to Rio de Janeiro for four months to recuperate. She returned to the U.S. on 4 April 1955.


Personal life[edit] Miranda and her husband, David Sebastian[76] Desiring creative freedom, Miranda decided to produce her own film in 1947 and played opposite Groucho Marx in Copacabana. The film's budget was divided into about ten investors' shares. A Texan investor who owned one of the shares sent his brother, David Sebastian (23 November 1907 – 11 September 1990), to keep an eye on Miranda and his interests on the set. Sebastian befriended her, and they began dating. Miranda and Sebastian married on 17 March 1947 at the Church of the Good Shepherd in Beverly Hills, with Patrick J. Concannon officiating.[76] In 1948 Miranda became pregnant, but miscarried after a show. Although the marriage was brief, Miranda (who was Catholic) did not want a divorce. Her sister, Aurora, said in the documentary Bananas is My Business: "He married her for selfish reasons; she got very sick after she married and lived with a lot of depression".[77] The couple announced their separation in September 1949, but reconciled several months later.[78] Miranda was discreet, and little is known about her private life. Before she left for the U.S., she had relationships with Mario Cunha, Carlos da Rocha Faria (son of a traditional family in Rio de Janeiro) and Aloysio de Oliveira, a member of the Bando da Lua. In the U.S., Miranda maintained relationships with John Payne, Arturo de Córdova, Dana Andrews, Harold Young, John Wayne, Donald Buka and Carlos Niemeyer.[79] During her later years, in addition to heavy smoking and alcohol consumption, she began taking amphetamines and barbiturates and they took a toll on her health.[80]


Death[edit] Miranda's grave in São João Batista Cemetery, Rio de Janeiro Miranda's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame Miranda performed at the New Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas in April 1955, and in Cuba three months later before returning to Los Angeles to recuperate from a recurrent bronchial ailment.[46] On 4 August, she was filming a segment for the NBC variety series The Jimmy Durante Show. According to Durante, Miranda had complained of feeling unwell before filming; he offered to find her a replacement, but she declined. After completing "Jackson, Miranda, and Gomez", a song-and-dance number with Durante, she fell to one knee. Durante later said, "I thought she had slipped. She got up and said she was outa [sic] breath. I told her I'll take her lines. But she goes ahead with 'em. We finished work about 11 o'clock and she seemed happy."[81][82] After the last take, Miranda and Durante gave an impromptu performance on the set for the cast and technicians. The singer took several cast members and some friends home with her for a small party. She went upstairs to bed at about 3 a.m. Miranda undressed, placed her platform shoes in a corner, lit a cigarette, placed it in an ashtray and went into her bathroom to remove her makeup. She apparently came from the bathroom with a small, round mirror in her hand; in the small hall which led to her bedroom, she collapsed with a fatal heart attack. Miranda was 46 years old.[81][83] Her body was found at about 10:30 a.m. lying in the hallway.[84] The Jimmy Durante Show episode in which Miranda appeared was aired two months after her death, on 15 October 1955,[85] and a clip of the episode was included in the A&E Network's Biography episode about the singer.[86][87] In accordance with her wishes, Miranda's body was flown back to Rio de Janeiro; the Brazilian government declared a period of national mourning.[88] About 60,000 people attended her memorial service at the Rio town hall,[18] and more than half a million Brazilians escorted her funeral cortège to the cemetery.[89][90] Miranda is buried in São João Batista Cemetery in Rio de Janeiro.[91][92] In 1956 her belongings were donated by her husband and family to the Carmen Miranda Museum, which opened in Rio on 5 August 1976. For her contributions to the television industry, Miranda has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at the south side of the 6262 block of Hollywood Boulevard.[93][94]


Image[edit] Miranda in a 1945 advertisement for a General Electric FM radio in The Saturday Evening Post Miranda's Hollywood image was that of a generic Latina, blurring distinctions between Brazil, Portugal, Argentina, and Mexico and samba, tango and habanera music. It was stylized and flamboyant; she often wore platform sandals and towering headdresses made of fruit, becoming known as "the lady in the tutti-frutti hat".[95] Her enormous, fruit-laden hats were iconic visuals recognized worldwide; Saks Fifth Avenue developed a line of Miranda-inspired turbans and jewelry in 1939, and Bonwit Teller created mannequins resembling the singer.[96] Her tutti-frutti hat from The Gang's All Here (1943) inspired the United Fruit Company's Chiquita Banana logo the following year. During the 1960s, tropicália filmmakers in Brazil were influenced by Miranda's Hollywood films.[97] In 2009 she was the subject of São Paulo Fashion Week and a short film, Tutti Frutti, by German photographer Ellen von Unwerth.[98][99] Two years later, Macy's wanted to use Miranda to promote a clothing line.[100] Other products influenced by her stardom are the Brazilian fashion brand Malwee's "Chica Boom Chic" collection for women,[101] and the Chica Boom Brasil company's high-end Carmen Miranda line, which includes Miranda-themed bags, wall clocks, crockery and placemats.


Legacy[edit] Daffy Duck as Miranda in Yankee Doodle Daffy, 1943 Miranda's hand- and footprints at Grauman's Chinese Theatre The Museu da Imagem e do Som do Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro Museum of Image and Sound) on Copacabana Beach in June 2014. The building will house the Carmen Miranda Museum collection. Universo Tropical exhibit at the 2011 Fashion Rio Brazilian musician Caetano Veloso wrote about Miranda's legacy in a New York Times essay, "For generations of musicians who were adolescents in the second half of the 1950s and became adults at the height of the Brazilian military dictatorship and the international wave of counterculture - my generation - Carmen Miranda was first a cause of both pride and shame, and later, a symbol that inspired the merciless gaze we began to cast upon ourselves; Carmen conquered 'white' America as no other South American has done or ever would, in an era when it was enough to be 'recognizable Latin and Negroid' in style and aesthetics to attract attention." For Veloso and other musicians contemplating a career abroad, Miranda's pioneering experiences continue to loom as a point of reference. Miranda helped establish and transform the relationship between Brazilian musicians and American producers that now has created several remarkable transnational collaborations ... To think of her is to think about the complexity of this relationship".[102] Although she was more popular abroad than in Brazil at her death, Miranda contributed to Brazilian music and culture. She was accused of commercializing Brazilian music and dance, but Miranda can be credited with bringing its national music (the samba) to a global audience. She introduced the baiana, with wide skirts and turbans, as a Brazilian showgirl at home and abroad. The baiana became a central feature of Carnival for women and men.[103] Since her death, Miranda is remembered as an important Brazilian artist and one of the most influential in Hollywood. She was one of 500 stars nominated for the American Film Institute's 50 greatest screen legends.[104] On 25 September 1998, a square in Hollywood was named Carmen Miranda Square in a ceremony headed by honorary mayor of Hollywood Johnny Grant (one of Miranda's friends since World War II) and attended by Brazilian consul general Jorió Gama and the Bando da Lua. The square is located at the intersection of Hollywood Boulevard and Orange Drive, across from Grauman's Chinese Theatre, near where Miranda gave an impromptu performance on V-J Day.[105][106] To commemorate the 50th anniversary of Miranda's death, a Carmen Miranda Forever exhibit was displayed at the Museum of Modern Art in Rio de Janeiro in November 2005 and at the Latin America Memorial in São Paulo the following year.[107][108][109] In 2005, Ruy Castro published a 600-page biography of "the most famous Brazilian woman of the 20th century." Brazilians "tend to forget," Castro told Mac Margolis of Newsweek, that "no Brazilian woman has ever been as popular as Carmen Miranda – in Brazil or anywhere."[110] Dorival Caymmi's "O que é que a baiana tem?", recorded by Miranda in 1939, was selected for preservation in the Library of Congress in 2009. The recording helped introduce the samba rhythm and Miranda to American audiences. It was the first recording of a song by Caymmi.[111] Miranda, Selena, Celia Cruz, Carlos Gardel and Tito Puente appeared on a set of commemorative U.S. Postal Service Latin Music Legends stamps, painted by Rafael Lopez, in 2011. Marie Therese Dominguez, vice president of government relations and public policy for the postal service, said: "From this day forward, these colorful, vibrant images of our Latin music legends will travel on letters and packages to every single household in America. In this small way, we have created a lasting tribute to five extraordinary performers, and we are proud and honored to share their legacy with Americans everywhere through these beautiful stamps".[112][113] In 2014, Down Argentine Way and The Gang's All Here were named "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" by the Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry.[114] The 2016 Summer Olympics closing ceremony included a tribute to Miranda before the athletes' parade, with Roberta Sá playing the singer.[115] On 9 February 2017, Miranda was the subject of a Google Doodle commemorating the 108th anniversary of her birth.[116]


In popular culture[edit] In The House Across the Bay (1940, produced by Walter Wanger and released by United Artists), Joan Bennett performed the Mirandaesque "Chula Chihuahua."[117] Babes on Broadway's (1941) finale opens with "Bombshell from Brazil", where Mickey Rooney (dressed as Miranda) sings "Mamãe Eu Quero".[118] The finale of Time Out for Rhythm (1941) begins with the Three Stooges performing a rumba number; Curly Howard is dressed as Carmen Miranda.[119] The United Fruit Company created a banana-woman character in 1944, Chiquita, whose fruit hat resembled Miranda's.[120] In Mildred Pierce, Jo Ann Marlowe sings a Mirandaesque South American Way.[121] In "Be a Pal", a season-one episode of I Love Lucy, Lucille Ball imitates Miranda and lip-syncs to "Mamãe Eu Quero".[122] Caetano Veloso appeared dressed as Miranda in January 1972, in his first show after his return to Brazil from London.[123] Helena Solberg filmed a documentary, Carmen Miranda: Bananas is My Business, in 1995. Eduardo Dusek recorded a cover version of the song "Tá-Hi (Pra Você Gostar de Mim)", written by Joubert de Carvalho and recorded by Miranda in 1930, for the 2003 telenovela Chocolate com Pimenta.[124] In 2007, BBC Four produced Carmen Miranda – Beneath the Tutti Frutti Hat, a one-hour documentary which included interviews with biographer Ruy Castro, niece Carminha and Mickey Rooney.[125] That year, singer Ivete Sangalo recorded a cover version of the song "Chica Chica Boom Chic" for the DVD MTV ao Vivo.[126] For Miranda's centenary, Daniela Mercury recorded a "duet" with the singer on a cover of "O Que É Que A Baiana Tem?", which includes the original 1939 recording.[127] The 2017 film The Shape of Water features Miranda’s hit song “Chica Chica Boom Chic”.


Filmography[edit] Main article: Carmen Miranda filmography Year Title Role Notes 1933 A Voz do Carnaval Herself at Rádio Mayrink Veiga 1935 Hello, Hello Brazil! 1935 Estudantes Mimi 1936 Hello, Hello, Carnival! 1939 Banana da Terra 1940 Laranja da China 1940 Down Argentine Way Herself 1941 That Night in Rio Carmen 1941 Week-End in Havana Rosita Rivas 1941 Meet the Stars #5: Hollywood Meets the Navy Herself Short subject 1942 Springtime in the Rockies Rosita Murphy 1943 The Gang's All Here Dorita Alternative title: The Girls He Left Behind 1944 Greenwich Village Princess Querida 1944 Something for the Boys Chiquita Hart 1944 Four Jills in a Jeep Herself 1944 Sing With the Stars[128] Herself Short film 1945 The All-Star Bond Rally Herself (Pinup girl) 1945 Doll Face Chita Chula Alternative title: Come Back to Me 1946 If I'm Lucky Michelle O'Toole 1947 Copacabana Carmen Novarro/Mademoiselle Fifi 1947 "Slick Hare" Herself Voice 1948 A Date with Judy Rosita Cochellas 1949 The Ed Wynn Show Herself Episode #1.2 1949 to 1952 Texaco Star Theater Herself 4 episodes 1950 Nancy Goes to Rio Marina Rodrigues 1951 Don McNeill's TV Club Herself Episode #1.25 1951 What's My Line? Mystery Guest 18 November 1951 episode 1951 to 1952 The Colgate Comedy Hour Herself 3 episodes 1951 to 1953 All-Star Revue Herself 2 episodes 1953 Scared Stiff Carmelita Castinha 1953 Toast of the Town Herself Episode #7.1 1955 The Jimmy Durante Show Herself Episode #2.2 1995 Carmen Miranda: Bananas is My Business Herself Archive footage


Singles[edit] Brazilian singles[edit] 1935 "Anoiteceu" "Entre Outras Coisas" "Esqueci de Sorrir" "Foi Numa Noite Assim" "Fogueira Do Meu Coração" "Fruto Proibido" "Cor de Guiné" "Casaco de Tricô" "Dia de Natal" "Fala, Meu Pandeiro" "Deixa Esse Povo Falar" "Sonho de Papel" (recorded with Orchestra Odeon 10 May 1935) "E Bateu-Se a Chapa" (recorded 26 June 1935) "O Tique-Taque do Meu Coração" (recorded 7 August 1935) "Adeus, Batucada" (recorded with Odeon Orchestra 24 September 1935) "Querido Adão" (recorded with Odeon Orchestra 26 September 1935) 1936 "Alô, Alô, Carnaval" "Duvi-dê-ó-dó" "Dou-lhe Uma" "Capelinha do Coração" "Cuíca, Pandeiro, Tamborim ..." "Beijo Bamba" "Balancê" "Entra no cordão" "Como Eu Chorei" "As Cantoras do Rádio" (recorded with Aurora Miranda and Odeon Orchestra 18 March 1936) "No Tabuleiro da Baiana" (recorded with Louis Barbosa 29 September 1936) "Como Vai Você?" (recorded with Ary Barroso 2 October 1936) 1937 "Dance Rumba" "Em Tudo, Menos em Ti" "Canjiquinha Quente" "Cabaret No Morro" "Baiana Do Tabuleiro" "Dona Geisha" "Cachorro Vira-Lata" (recorded 4 May 1937) "Me Dá, Me Dá" (recorded 4 May 1937) "Camisa Amarela" (recorded with the Odeon Group 20 September 1937) "Eu Dei" (recorded 21 September 1937) 1938 "Endereço Errado" "Falar!" "Escrevi um Bilhetinho" "Batalhão do amor" "E a Festa, Maria?" "Cuidado Com a Gaita do Ary" "A Pensão Da Dona Stella" "A Vizinha Das Vantagens" "Samba Rasgado" (recorded with Odeon Group 7 March 1938) "E o Mundo Não Se Acabou" ("And the World Would Not End") (recorded 9 March 1938) "Boneca de Piche" (recorded with Odeon Orchestra 31 August 1938) "Na Baixa do Sapateiro" (recorded with Orchestra Odeon 17 October 1938) 1939 "A Preta Do Acarajé" "Deixa Comigo" "Candeeiro" "Amor Ideal" "Essa Cabrocha" "A Nossa Vida Hoje É Diferente" "Cozinheira Grã-fina" "O Que É Que a Bahiana Tem?" (recorded with Dorival Caymmi 27 February 1939) "Uva de Caminhão" (recorded 21 March 1939) "Camisa Listada" (recorded with Bando da Lua 28 August 1939) 1940 "Voltei pro Morro" (recorded 2 September 1940) "Ela Diz Que Tem" "Disso É Que Eu Gosto" "Disseram que Voltei Americanizada" (recorded with Odeon Set 2 September 1940) "Bruxinha de Pano" "O Dengo Que a Nêga Tem" "É Um Quê Que a Gente Tem" "Blaque-Blaque" "Recenseamento" (recorded 27 September 1940) "Ginga-Ginga" American singles[edit] 1939 "South American Way" (recorded with Bando da Lua 26 December 1939) "Touradas Em Madrid" "Marchinha do grande galo" "Mamãe Eu Quero" "Bambú, Bambú" 1941 "I, Yi, Yi, Yi, Yi (I Like You Very Much)" (recorded with Bando da Lua 5 January 1941) "Alô Alô" "Chica-Chica-Bum-Chic" (recorded with Bando da Lua 5 January 1941) "Bambalê" "Cai, Cai" (recorded with Bando da Lua 5 January 1941) "Arca de Noé" "A Weekend In Havana" "Diz Que Tem ..." "When I Love I Love" "Rebola, Bola" (recorded with Bando da Lua 9 October 1941) "The Man With the Lollipop Song" "Não Te Dou A Chupeta" "Manuelo" "Thank You, North America" 1942 "Chattanooga Choo Choo" (recorded with Bando da Lua 25 July 1942) "Tic-tac do Meu Coração" "O Passo Do Kanguru (Brazilly Willy)" "Boncea de Pixe" 1945 "Upa! Upa!" "Tico Tico" 1947 "The Matador (Touradas Em Madrid)" (recorded with the Andrews Sisters and Vic Schoen and his orchestra) "Cuanto La Gusta" (recorded with the Andrews Sisters and Vic Schoen and his orchestra) 1949 "Asi Asi (I See, I See)" (recorded with the Andrews Sisters and Vic Schoen and his orchestra) "The Wedding Samba" (recorded with the Andrews Sisters and Vic Schoen and his orchestra) 1950 "Baião Ca Room' Pa Pa" (recorded with the Andrews Sisters and Vic Schoen and his orchestra) "Ipse-A-I-O" (recorded with The Andrews Sisters and Vic Schoen and his orchestra)


See also[edit] Biography portal Portugal portal Brazil portal Carioca


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"‘Vulgar Negroid Sambas’: Issues of National Identity, Race, and Gender in That Night in Rio, with Carmen Miranda," p.14 ^ "G1 > Pop & Arte - NOTÍCIAS - São Paulo Fashion Week terá trio de musas da moda e Carmen Miranda".  ^ "Carmen Miranda, a pequena notável - Miss Owl". 28 February 2014.  ^ Cristina Tardáguila. "Família de Carmen Miranda profissionaliza gestão da marca". O Globo.  ^ "Chica Boom Chic - Música de Carmen Miranda dá nome à coleção Malwee".  ^ Darien J. Davis. To Be or Not to Br Brazilian? Carmen Miranda's Quest for Fame and "Authenticity" in the United States.  ^ Teresa A. Meade (27 March 2011). A Brief History of Brazil.  ^ "A compendium of the 500 stars nominated for top 50 "Greatest Screen Legends" status" (PDF). American Film Institute.  ^ Tobar, Hector; Trevino, Joseph (26 September 1998). "Some City Squares Bring Lives, and History, Full Circle". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 November 2012.  ^ "Intersection honors Carmen Miranda". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. 28 September 1998. Retrieved 21 November 2012.  ^ "Exposição 'Carmen Miranda para sempre' é prorrogada". O Globo. 6 April 2006. Retrieved 30 March 2017.  ^ Chu, Henry (25 December 2005). "Let's get ready to rumba". Los Angeles Times.  ^ "Mega exposição sobre Carmem Miranda estréia no MAM do Rio". Oba Oba. 2005.  ^ "Icon: We Still Have Bananas". Newsweek. 22 January 2006.  ^ "The Sounds of American Life and Legend Are Tapped for the Seventh Annual National Recording Registry". Library of Congress. 9 June 2009.  ^ "Latin Music Legends". U.S. Postal Service. 16 March 2011.  ^ "Selena, Tito Puente, Celia Cruz To Appear on U.S. Postage Stamps". Billboard. 9 March 2011.  ^ "'Big Lebowski', 'Willy Wonka' Among National Film Registry's 25 Selections". Variety. 18 December 2014.  ^ "Brazil Passes the Olympic Torch, Proud and Relieved". The Wall Street Journal. 22 August 2016.  ^ "Carmen Miranda is celebrated with a Google doodle – in pictures". The Guardian. 14 February 2017.  ^ Jeff Stafford. THE HOUSE ACROSS THE BAY.  ^ McGowan & Pessanha 1997. ^ Jean-Louis Ginibre; John Lithgow; Barbara Cady. Ladies Or Gentlemen: A Pictorial History of Male Cross-dressing in the Movies.  ^ Steve Striffler, Mark Moberg. Banana Wars: Power, Production, and History in the Americas.  ^ Global Soundtracks: Worlds of Film Music. Mark Slobin. 13 November 2014.  ^ "I Love Lucy: Season 1, Episode 2 Be a Pal". Internet Movie Database. 22 October 1951.  ^ "Brazilian Popular Music: Caetano Veloso and the Regeneration of Tradition". Lorraine Leu. Retrieved 13 December 2015.  ^ "Chocolate com pimenta: Trilha sonora". Memoria Globo. 21 March 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2014.  ^ "Carmen Miranda – Beneath the Tutti Frutti Hat". BBC. Retrieved 17 July 2014.  ^ "Ivete Sangalo – MTV ao Vivo". ISTOÉ Gente. 12 March 2004.  ^ "Renewing Carmen Miranda". GreenGoPost. 21 March 2010. Retrieved 17 December 2013.  ^ "Carmen Miranda performing in 'Sing With the Stars'". Getty Images. Retrieved 4 July 2015.  Works cited[edit] Bakish, David (2007). Jimmy Durante: his show business career, with an annotated filmography and discography. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-3022-2.  Brioux, Bill (2008). Truth and rumors: the reality behind TV's most famous myths. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger. ISBN 0-275-99247-0.  Castro, Ruy (2005). Carmen: Uma Biografia. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras. ISBN 978-8535907605.  Dennison, Stephanie; Shaw, Lisa (2004). Popular cinema in Brazil, 1930-2001. Manchester, Indiana, U.S.: Manchester University press. ISBN 0-7190-6499-6.  Hadley-Garcia, George (1990), Hispanic Hollywood : the Latins in motion pictures, New York, NY: Carol Publishing Group ed., ISBN 0-8065-1185-0  Hirschhorn, Clive (1981). The Hollywood musical. London: Octopus. ISBN 978-0706412802.  McGowan, Chris; Pessanha, Ricardo (1997). The Brazilian sound : Samba, bossa nova and the popular music of Brazil. USA: Temple University Press. ISBN 1-56639-545-3.  Parish, James Robert; Pitts, Michael R. (2003). Hollywood songsters : singers who act and actors who sing; a biographical dictionary (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-94333-7.  Ruíz, Vicki L.; Korrol, Virginia Sánchez, eds. (2005). Latina legacies : identity, biography, and community. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-515399-5.  Sforza, John (2000). Swing it!: the Andrews Sisters story. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-2136-1.  Tompkins, Cynthia; Foster, David William, eds. (2001). Notable Twentieth-century Latin American Women: A Biographical Dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0313311123. 


Further reading[edit] Cardoso, Abel. Carmen Miranda, a Cantora d Brasil. Sorocaba. 1978. (Portuguese) Gil-Montero, Martha. Brazilian Bombshell. Dutton Adult. 1988. 978-1556111280.


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carmen Miranda. Official website Museu Carmen Miranda In the city of Rio de Janeiro. Carmen Miranda at the Internet Broadway Database Carmen Miranda on IMDb Carmen Miranda at the TCM Movie Database Carmen Miranda at Brightlightsfilm.com International Jose Guillermo Carrillo Foundation (in Portuguese) Carmen Miranda – Brazil on YouTube Carmen Miranda on The Jimmy Durante Show – Her last performance, 1955 on YouTube At about the 24 minute mark, doing a fast dance with Durante, she falls to her knees, he helps her up, and she says she is all out of breath. Carmen Miranda at Find a Grave v t e Order of Cultural Merit (Brazil) 1995 Antônio Carlos Magalhães Celso Furtado Fernanda Montenegro Joãosinho Trinta Jorge Amado José Mindlin José Sarney Nascimento Brito Nise da Silveira Pietro Maria Bardi Ricardo Gribel Roberto Marinho 1996 Athos Bulcão Bibi Ferreira Carybé Carlos Eduardo Moreira Ferreira Edemar Cid Ferreira Francisco Brennand Franco Montoro Jens Olesen Joel Mendes Rennó Max Justo Guedes Mestre Didi Nélida Piñon Olavo Setúbal Padre Vaz Sérgio Motta Walter Salles 1997 Adélia Prado Antônio Poteiro Antônio Salgado Braguinha David Assayag Diogo Pacheco Dona Lenoca Fayga Ostrower Gilberto Chateaubriand Gilberto Ferrez Helena Severo Hilda Hilst Jorge da Cunha Lima Jorge Gerdau José Ermírio de Moraes José Safra Lúcio Costa Luís Carlos Barreto Mãe Olga do Alaketu Marcos Vilaça Maria Clara Machado Robert Broughton Ubiratan Aguiar Wladimir Murtinho 1998 Abram Szajman Altamiro Carrilho Antônio Britto Ariano Suassuna Cacá Diegues Décio de Almeida Prado Franz Weissmann João Carlos Martins José Hugo Celidônio Lily Marinho Mãe Cleusa Millet Milu Villela Miguel Jorge Dona Neuma Octavio Frias Olavo Monteiro de Carvalho Paulo Autran Paulo César Ximenes Roseana Sarney Ruth Rocha Ruy Mesquita Sebastião Salgado Walter Hugo Khouri Zenildo Gonzaga Zoroastro de Lucena 1999 Abraham Koogan Almir Gabriel Aloysio Faria Ana Maria Diniz Angel Vianna Antônio Houaiss Beatriz Pimenta Camargo Ecyla Brandão Enrique Iglesias Esther Bertoletti Hélio Jaguaribe Hermínio Bello de Carvalho J. Borges João Antunes Mãe Stella de Oxóssi Maria Cecília Geyer Maria Delith Balaban Mário Covas Paixão Côrtes Paulo Fontainha Geyer Romero Magalhães Washington Novaes 2000 Ana Maria Machado Angela Gutierrez Dom Geraldo Dalal Achcar Edino Krieger Elizabeth D'Angelo Serra Firmino Ferreira Sampaio Neto Siron Franco Gianfrancesco Guarnieri Gilberto Gil José Alves Antunes Filho Luiz Henrique da Silveira Luiz Sponchiato Maria João Bustorff Mário Miguel Nicola Garófalo Martinho da Vila Nelson José Pinto Freire Paulo Tarso Flecha de Lima Plínio Pacheco Rodrigo Pederneiras Barbosa Ruth Escobar Sabine Lovatelli Sérgio Paulo Rouanet Sérgio Amaral Thomaz Farkas Tizuka Yamasaki Zezé Motta 2001 Arthur Moreira Lima Catherine Tasca Célia Procópio de Araújo Carvalho Euclides Menezes Ferreira Dona Zica Fernando Faro G.R.E.S. Império Serrano G.R.E.S. Portela G.R.E.S. Vila Isabel G.R.E.S. Mangueira Haroldo Costa Hermínio Bello de Carvalho Henri Philippe Reichstul Hildmar Diniz Ivo Abrahão Nesralla Jamelão João Câmara Filho Luciana Stegagno Picchio Luís Antônio Viana Lygia Fagundes Telles Manuel Salustiano Soares Milton Gonçalves Milton Nascimento Paulinho da Viola Pilar del Castillo Purificación Carpinteyro Calderón Sari Bermúdez Sheila Copps Synésio Scofano Fernandes Thiago de Mello Yvonne Lara da Costa 2002 Alberto Alves da Silva Ana Botafogo Candace Slater Carlos Roberto Faccina Centro Cultural Pró-Música Dalva Lazaroni Dominguinhos Dona Lucinha EDUSP Eduardo Baptista Vianna Frances Marinho George Savalla Gomes Guillermo O'Donnell G.R.E.S. Camisa Verde e Branco G.R.E.S. Vai Vai Henry Sobel Jack Leon Terpins João Filgueiras Jon M. Tolman Júlio Neves Julio Landmann Kabengele Munanga Lima Duarte Maria Della Costa Marlui Miranda Mestre Juca Niède Guidon Paulo Evaristo Arns Renato Borghetti Roberto Carlos Roberto DaMatta Sergio Kobayashi Silvio Barbato SBB Tania Mariza Kuchenbecker Rösing Vitae – Apoio à Cultura, Educação e Promoção Social 2003 Afro Reggae Agostinho da Silva Aloísio Magalhães Antônio Nóbrega Ary Barroso ABC-SERRA Bené Fonteles Benedito Nunes Boi Caprichoso Boi Garantido Candido Portinari Carmen Costa Casseta & Planeta Chico Buarque de Holanda Coral dos Guarani Dorival Caymmi Eduardo Bueno Gilberto Mendes Grupo Ponto de Partida e o coro Meninos de Araçuaí Haroldo de Campos Herbert Vianna João Pequeno Jongo da Serrinha Jorge Mautner Maria Judith Zuzarte Cortesão Luiz Costa Lima Mangueira do Amanhã Manoel de Barros Marília Pêra Milton Santos Moacyr Scliar Nelson Pereira dos Santos Projeto Axé Projeto Guri Rita Lee Roberto Farias Rogério Sganzerla Rubinho do Vale Velha Guarda da Portela Zezé Di Camargo & Luciano 2004 Alberto da Costa e Silva Angeli Arnaldo Carrilho Caetano Veloso Candombe do Açude Companhia Barrica Cordão da Bola Preta Danilo Miranda Fernando Sabino Frans Krajcberg Franco Fontana Fundação Casa Grande Geraldo Sarno Inezita Barroso João Donato José Júlio Pereira Cordeiro Blanco Lia de Itamaracá Liz Calder Márcia Haydée Mauricio de Sousa Movimento Arte contra a Barbárie Odete Lara Olga Praguer Coelho Orlando Villas-Bôas Ozualdo Candeias Paulo José Paulo Mendes da Rocha Pelé Povo Panará, Mato Grosso e Pará Pracatum Projeto Dança Comunidade Pulsar Companhia de Dança Rachel de Queiroz Renato Russo As Ceguinhas de Campina Grande Teatro Oficina Violeta Arraes Vó Maria Walter Firmo Waly Salomão 2005 Alfredo Bosi Ana das Carrancas Antonio Jerônimo de Meneses Neto Antonio Manuel Lima Dias Augusto Boal Augusto Carlos da Silva Teles Pinduca Ballet Stagium Carlos Lopes CUCA/UNE Cleyde Yáconis Clóvis Moura Darcy Ribeiro Eduardo Coutinho Egberto Gismonti Eliane Lage Grupo Bandolins de Oeiras Henri Salvador Isabel Mendes da Cunha João Gilberto José Antônio de Almeida Prado José Mojica Marins Lino Rojas Manuel dos Reis Machado Maria Bethânia Mario Augusto de Berredo Carneiro Maurice Capovilla Dona Militana Movimento Manguebeat Museu Casa do Pontal Nei Lopes Nino Fernandes Olivério Ferreira Paulo Linhares Roger Avanzi Ruth de Souza Silviano Santiago Vicente Joaquim Ferreira Pastinha Ziraldo 2006 Amir Haddad Banda de Pífanos de Caruaru Berthold Zilly Casa de Cultura Tainã CEASM Conselho Internacional de Museus Cora Coralina Curt Meyer-Clason Daniel Munduruku Dino Garcia Carrera Dona Teté Cacuriá Emmanuel Nassar Escola de Museologia da UniRio Feira do Livro de Porto Alegre Fernando Birri Grupo Corpo Henry Thorau Intrépida Trupe Johannes Odenthal José Mindlin Josué de Castro Júlio Bressane Laura Cardoso Lauro César Muniz Lygia Martins Costa Luiz Phelipe de Carvalho Castro Andrés Mário Cravo Neto Mário de Andrade Mário Pedrosa Mestre Eugênio Mestre Verequete Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte Moacir Santos MAX Paulo César Saraceni Pompeu Christovam de Pina Racionais MC's Ray-Güde Mertin Rodrigo Melo Franco Sábato Magaldi Santos Dumont Sivuca Tânia Andrade Lima Teodoro Freire Tomie Ohtake Vladimir Carvalho 2007 Abdias Nascimento Álvaro Siza Vieira Antônio Carlos Jobim Associação Cultural Cachuera Banda Cabaçal dos Irmãos Aniceto Bárbara Heliodora Cacique Raoni Cartola Celine Imbert Cildo Meireles Castelo Rá-Tim-Bum Claude Lévi-Strauss Clube do Choro de Brasília Dodô e Osmar Escola de Circo Picolino Glauber Rocha Grande Otelo Grupo Nós do Morro Hermilo Borba Filho Lina Bo Bardi Lia Robatto Luiz Gonzaga Luiz Otavio Souza Santos Luiz Mott José Aparecido de Oliveira Jean-Claude Bernardet Jorge Benjor Judith Malina Kanuá Kamayurá Marcelo Grassmann Moniz Bandeira Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi Orides Fontela Oscar Niemeyer Ronaldo Fraga Selma do Coco Sérgio Britto Solano Trindade Tônia Carrero Tostão Vânia Toledo Walter Smetak 2008 Ailton Krenak Altemar Dutra Anselmo Duarte Athos Bulcão Benedito Ruy Barbosa Bule-Bule Carlos Lyra Claudia Andujar Dulcina de Moraes Edu Lobo Efigênia Ramos Rolim Eva Todor Goiandira do Couto Guimarães Rosa Hans-Joachim Koellreutter João Candido Portinari Johnny Alf Leonardo Villar Maria Bonomi Marlene Mercedes Sosa Milton Hatoum Nelson Triunfo Marcantônio Vilaça Otávio Afonso Orlando Miranda Paulo Emílio Sales Gomes Paulo Moura Pixinguinha Roberto Corrêa Ruy Guerra Sérgio Ricardo Tatiana Belinky Teresa Aguiar Vicente Salles Zabé da Loca Apiwtxa ABGLT ABI Associação Comunidade Yuba Centro Cultural Piollin Coletivo Nacional de Cultura do MST Giramundo Teatro de Bonecos Instituto Baccarelli Mestres da Guitarrada Música no Museu Quasar Cia de Dança 2009 Aderbal Freire Filho Afoxé Filhos de Gandhy Alexandre Wollner Ângela Maria Ataulfo Alves Balé Popular do Recife Beatriz Sarlo Bispo do Rosário Boaventura de Sousa Santos Carlos Manga Carmen Miranda Chico Anysio Deborah Colker Davi Kopenawa Yanomami Elifas Andreato Fernanda Abreu Fernando Peixoto Fundação Iberê Camargo Gerson King Combo Gilvan Samico Heleny Guariba Instituto Olga Kos de Inclusão Cultural Ivaldo Bertazzo José Eduardo Agualusa José Miguel Wisnik Laerte Coutinho Luiz Olimecha Lydia Hortélio Mamulengo Só-Riso Manoel de Oliveira Maria Lúcia Godoy Maracatu Estrela de Ouro de Aliança Mestre Vitalino Mia Couto Miguel Rio Branco Nathália Timberg Ney Matogrosso Noca da Portela Os Gêmeos Patativa do Assaré Paulo Vanzolini Paulo Bruscky Raul Seixas Roberto Burle Marx Sérgio Rodrigues Teatro Vila Velha ONG Video nas Aldeias Walmor Chagas Zeca Pagodinho v t e Carmen Miranda Films Carmen Miranda: Bananas is My Business The Carmen Miranda Collection Books Brazilian Bombshell: The Biography of Carmen Miranda Carmen - A Biography Related Carmen Miranda Museum Category Quote v t e Songs recorded by Carmen Miranda Singles "Aquarela do Brasil" "Baião Ca-Room' Pa Pa" "Bambú, Bambú" "Chattanooga Choo Choo" "Chica Chica Boom Chic" "Delicado" "Disseram que Voltei Americanizada" "I, Yi, Yi, Yi, Yi (I Like You Very Much)" "Mamãe Eu Quero" "No Tabuleiro da Baiana" "Na Baixa do Sapateiro" "O que é que a Baiana tem?" "Paducah" "Rebola, Bola" "South American Way" "Tic-tac do Meu Coração" "Tico-Tico no Fubá" "The Wedding Samba" "When I Love I Love" "Yipsee-I-O" Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 309804448 LCCN: n84132449 ISNI: 0000 0003 6840 9665 GND: 118899252 SUDOC: 129398411 BNF: cb13897557v (data) BIBSYS: 4044711 MusicBrainz: 8aee107e-f22b-40cf-95cb-67fce8fa5fbd BNE: XX1012689 SNAC: w6p680dh Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Carmen_Miranda&oldid=826118240" Categories: Carmen Miranda1909 births1955 deathsPortuguese emigrants to BrazilMusicians from Rio de Janeiro (city)Brazilian people of Portuguese descentBrazilian film actressesBrazilian female singersBrazilian contraltosBrazilian female dancersBrazilian stage actressesBrazilian television actressesBrazilian Roman CatholicsSamba musiciansWorld music musiciansBrazilian expatriates in the United StatesRCA Records artists20th Century Fox contract players20th-century singers20th-century American actresses20th-century women singersHidden categories: CS1 Portuguese-language sources (pt)All articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from August 2017Find a Grave template with ID same as WikidataUse dmy dates from October 2011Articles with hCardsBiography with signatureArticles with hAudio microformatsPages using multiple image with manual scaled imagesAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from August 2017Articles with IBDb linksArticles with Portuguese-language external linksWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with ISNI identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiersWikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiersWikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers


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Carmen_Miranda - Photos and All Basic Informations

Carmen_Miranda More Links

Portuguese NameSurnameA Smiling Carmen Miranda Against A Bamboo WallNew York Daily NewsMarco De CanavesesKingdom Of PortugalBeverly Hills, CaliforniaHeart AttackCemitério São João BatistaRio De JaneiroBrazilAurora MirandaCecilia Miranda De CarvalhoSambaRadio Corporation Of AmericaBrunswick RecordsDecca RecordsPolygramMiranda's Signature In InkOrder Of Prince HenryOrdem Do Mérito CulturalHelp:IPA/PortugueseSamba (music)Fruit HatSambaCinema Of BrazilHello, Hello Brazil!Hello, Hello, Carnival!Banana Da TerraBahiaBroadway (Manhattan)Lee ShubertThe Streets Of ParisRio De JaneiroDown Argentine WayDon AmecheBetty GrableFranklin D. RooseveltBusby BerkeleyThe Gang's All Here (1943 Film)Fruit HatWorld War IITCL Chinese TheatreHollywood Walk Of FameTropicalismoCarmen Miranda MuseumRio De JaneiroCarmen Miranda: Bananas Is My BusinessEnlargePortugalMarco De Canaveses MunicipalityRio De JaneiroPortugalAurora MirandaChristian NameBizetCarmenSaint Therese Of LisieuxTuberculosisFile:Carmen Miranda E Mário Reis - Chegou A Hora Da Fogueira.oggMário ReisFile:Carmen Miranda E Mário Reis - Alo... Alo....oggMário ReisWikipedia:Media HelpEnlargeBrunswick RecordsRCA VictorRádio Mayrink VeigaOdeon RecordsSambaGetúlio VargasRio De JaneiroHello, Hello Brazil!CinearteEstudantesMário ReisEnlargeHello, Hello, Carnival!Aurora MirandaBahiaLee ShubertThe Streets Of ParisGetúlio VargasMoore-McCormackGoodwill AmbassadorSS California (1928)World War IIEnlargeBud AbbottLou CostelloThe Streets Of ParisThe New York TimesBrooks AtkinsonWalter WinchellNew York Daily Mirror1939 New York World's FairBlue NetworkFranklin D. RooseveltWhite HouseLife (magazine)ManhattanHollywoodTwentieth Century-FoxDown Argentine WayShubert FamilyBroadway TheatreOlsen And JohnsonElla LoganSons O' FunNew York Herald TribuneDecca RecordsGood Neighbor Policy20th Century FoxOffice Of The Coordinator Of Inter-American AffairsRio De JaneiroSouth AmericaHollywoodThe Walt Disney Studios (division)New York World-TelegramFirst LadyDarci VargasHigh Society (group)Disseram Que Voltei AmericanizadaShamrock HotelWeekend In HavanaWikipedia:Citation NeededEnlargeDon AmecheThat Night In RioVariety (magazine)Irving CummingsThat Night In RioClive HirschhornGrauman's Chinese TheatreWeek-End In HavanaWalter LangWilliam LeBaronAlice FayeJohn Payne (actor)Cesar RomeroBosley CrowtherCitizen Kane20th Century-FoxLee ShubertSons O' FunSpringtime In The RockiesChicago TribuneEnlargeGrauman's Chinese TheatreBusby BerkeleyThe Gang's All Here (1943 Film)Typecasting (acting)Four Jills In A JeepKay FrancisCarole LandisMartha RayeMitzi MayfairAlice FayeBetty GrableDon AmecheGreenwich Village (film)William BendixVivian BlaineThe Miami NewsSomething For The Boys (film)Something For The BoysCole PorterEthel MermanWilliam LeBaronDarryl F. ZanuckTime (magazine)HollywoodEnlargeDoll FaceWorld War IIDoll FaceVivian BlaineNew York Herald TribuneThe Sydney Morning HeraldIf I'm Lucky (film)MalapropismCopacabana (1947 Film)United ArtistsGroucho MarxThe Andrews SistersDecca RecordsBillboard (magazine)The Wedding SambaEnlargeAndy Russell (singer)Joe PasternakMetro-Goldwyn-MayerA Date With Judy (film)Nancy Goes To RioSydney GuilaroffJack DawnHelen RoseScared Stiff (1953 Film)Paramount PicturesDean MartinJerry LewisDown Argentine WayMamãe Eu QueroCincinnatiLeRoy SanitariumCarmen Miranda: Bananas Is My BusinessEnlargeGroucho MarxCopacabana (1947 Film)Church Of The Good Shepherd (Beverly Hills, California)Beverly HillsAurora MirandaCarmen Miranda: Bananas Is My BusinessAloysio De OliveiraJohn Payne (actor)Arturo De CórdovaDana AndrewsHarold Young (director)John WayneDonald BukaAmphetaminesBarbituratesEnlargeEnlargeNew Frontier HotelLas VegasCubaNBCThe Jimmy Durante ShowA&E NetworkBiography (TV Series)Rio De JaneiroCemitério São João BatistaCarmen Miranda MuseumHollywood Walk Of FameHollywood BoulevardEnlargeGeneral ElectricThe Saturday Evening PostTango MusicHabanera (music)Fruit HatSaks Fifth AvenueBonwit TellerFruit HatThe Gang's All Here (1943 Film)United Fruit CompanyChiquita BananaTropicáliaSão Paulo Fashion WeekEllen Von UnwerthMacy'sEnlargeDaffy DuckYankee Doodle DaffyEnlargeEnlargeMuseu Da Imagem E Do Som Do Rio De JaneiroCopacabana, Rio De JaneiroCarmen Miranda MuseumEnlargeFashion RioCaetano VelosoCulture Of BrazilMusic Of BrazilSambaBahiaShowgirlBrazilian CarnivalAmerican Film InstituteJohnny Grant (radio Personality)Hollywood BoulevardGrauman's Chinese TheatreV-J DayMuseum Of Modern Art, Rio De JaneiroLatin America MemorialSão PauloRuy CastroNewsweekDorival CaymmiLibrary Of CongressSelenaCelia CruzCarlos GardelTito PuenteUnited States Postal ServiceDown Argentine WayThe Gang's All Here (1943 Film)Library Of CongressNational Film Registry2016 Summer Olympics Closing CeremonyRoberta SáGoogle DoodleThe House Across The BayWalter WangerUnited ArtistsJoan BennettBabes On BroadwayMickey RooneyTime Out For RhythmThe Three StoogesCurly HowardUnited Fruit CompanyChiquita Brands InternationalMildred Pierce (film)South American WayI Love LucyLucille BallMamãe Eu QueroCaetano VelosoLondonHelena SolbergCarmen Miranda: Bananas Is My BusinessChocolate Com PimentaBBC FourMickey RooneyIvete SangaloCover VersionDaniela MercuryThe Shape Of Water (film)Carmen Miranda FilmographyA Voz Do CarnavalHello, Hello Brazil!EstudantesHello, Hello, Carnival!Banana Da TerraLaranja Da ChinaDown Argentine WayThat Night In RioWeek-End In HavanaSpringtime In The RockiesThe Gang's All Here (1943 Film)Greenwich Village (film)Something For The Boys (film)Four Jills In A JeepDoll FaceIf I'm Lucky (film)Copacabana (1947 Film)Slick HareA Date With Judy (film)Texaco Star TheaterNancy Goes To RioDon McNeill's Breakfast ClubWhat's My Line?The Colgate Comedy HourScared Stiff (1953 Film)The Ed Sullivan ShowThe Jimmy Durante ShowCarmen Miranda: Bananas Is My BusinessAurora MirandaDisseram Que Voltei AmericanizadaSouth American WayMamãe Eu QueroI, Yi, Yi, Yi, Yi (I Like You Very Much)That Night In RioNancy Goes To RioWeekend In HavanaChattanooga Choo ChooTico-Tico No FubáThe Andrews SistersVic SchoenThe Wedding SambaPortal:BiographyPortal:PortugalPortal:BrazilCariocaO Estado De S. PauloThe New York TimesEvening IndependentEdmonton JournalPittsburgh Post-GazetteTampa Bay TimesAllMusicChicago TribuneThe Los Angeles TimesFolha De S.PauloInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-1-78320-009-2International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8223-8563-5Deseret NewsReutersUniverso OnlineTerra NetworksFolha De S.PauloLife (magazine)Los Angeles TimesFrank D. McCannUniversity Of New HampshireVariety (magazine)The New York TimesThe New York TimesThe Miami NewsTime (magazine)The AgeEarl Wilson (columnist)Wikipedia:Link RotPittsburgh Post-GazetteThe Free Lance–StarLos Angeles TimesReading EagleLudington Daily NewsThe Washington PostFind A GraveLos Angeles TimesThe GuardianO GloboAmerican Film InstituteSarasota Herald-TribuneO GloboLos Angeles TimesNewsweekLibrary Of CongressUnited States Postal ServiceBillboard (magazine)Variety (magazine)The Wall Street JournalThe GuardianInternet Movie DatabaseBBCGetty ImagesInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7864-3022-2International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-275-99247-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-8535907605International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-7190-6499-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8065-1185-0International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0706412802International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/1-56639-545-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-415-94333-7International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-19-515399-5International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8131-2136-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/978-0313311123Internet Broadway DatabaseIMDbTurner Classic MoviesBright Lights Film JournalYouTubeYouTubeFind A GraveTemplate:Order Of Cultural MeritTemplate Talk:Order Of Cultural MeritOrdem Do Mérito CulturalAntônio Carlos MagalhãesCelso FurtadoFernanda MontenegroJoãosinho TrintaJorge AmadoJosé MindlinJosé SarneyNise Da SilveiraPietro Maria BardiRoberto MarinhoAthos BulcãoBibi FerreiraCarybéEdemar Cid FerreiraFrancisco BrennandAndré Franco MontoroNélida PiñonOlavo SetúbalWalter SallesAdélia PradoBraguinha (composer)Fayga OstrowerHilda HilstLúcio CostaMaria Clara MachadoAltamiro CarrilhoAntônio BrittoAriano SuassunaCacá DieguesFranz WeissmannJoão Carlos MartinsLily MarinhoCleusa Da Conceição Nazaré De OliveiraPaulo AutranPaulo César XimenesRoseana SarneyRuth RochaSebastião SalgadoWalter Hugo KhouriAloysio De Andrade FariaAntônio HouaissEnrique IglesiasHermínio Bello De CarvalhoJosé Francisco BorgesJoão AntunesMário CovasAna Maria MachadoDalal AchcarGianfrancesco GuarnieriGilberto GilLuiz Henrique Da SilveiraMaria João BustorffMartinho Da VilaPaulo Tarso Flecha De LimaRuth EscobarSérgio Paulo RouanetTizuka YamasakiZezé MottaArthur Moreira LimaCatherine TascaImpério SerranoPortela (samba School)Unidos De Vila IsabelEstação Primeira De MangueiraHermínio Bello De CarvalhoJamelãoLygia Fagundes TellesMilton GonçalvesMilton NascimentoPaulinho Da ViolaPilar Del CastilloPurificación Carpinteyro CalderónSheila CoppsDona Ivone LaraAna BotafogoUniversidade Federal De Juiz De ForaDominguinhosGeorge Savalla GomesGuillermo O'DonnellCamisa Verde E BrancoVai-VaiHenry SobelLima DuarteMaria Della CostaNiède GuidonPaulo Evaristo ArnsRenato BorghettiRoberto Carlos (singer)Roberto DaMattaSilvio BarbatoFAPESPAfro ReggaeAgostinho Da SilvaAry BarrosoBenedito NunesCandido PortinariCarmen CostaCasseta & PlanetaChico Buarque De HolandaDorival CaymmiGilberto MendesHaroldo De CamposHerbert ViannaJoão PequenoJorge MautnerManoel De BarrosMarília PêraMilton SantosMoacyr ScliarNelson Pereira Dos SantosRita LeeRoberto FariasRogério SganzerlaZezé Di Camargo & LucianoAlberto Da Costa E SilvaCaetano VelosoFernando SabinoFrans KrajcbergFranco FontanaInezita BarrosoJoão DonatoLiz CalderMauricio De SousaOdete LaraPaulo JoséPaulo Mendes Da RochaPeléRachel De QueirozRenato RussoTeatro OficinaWaly SalomãoAlfredo BosiAugusto BoalCarlos LopesUnião Nacional Dos EstudantesCleyde YáconisDarcy RibeiroEduardo CoutinhoEgberto GismontiHenri SalvadorJoão GilbertoAlmeida PradoJosé Mojica MarinsManuel Dos Reis MachadoMaria BethâniaManguebeatNei LopesRuth De SouzaSilviano SantiagoMestre PastinhaZiraldoAmir HaddadInternational Council Of MuseumsCora CoralinaCurt Meyer-ClasonDaniel MundurukuUniversidade Federal 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