Contents 1 Geography 2 Characteristics 3 Culture 4 Notable spots in Capitol Hill 5 Urban Renewal 6 Crime 7 Gallery 8 References

Geography[edit] Capitol Hill highlighted on this map of Denver's neighborhoods. The neighborhood is located just southeast of Denver's Central Business District (CBD) in a well-established residential neighborhood, with commercial centers located along major traffic routes (such as Colfax Avenue and Broadway) and interior arterials (such as East 13th and 14th Avenues). The neighborhood is directly east of the Civic Center neighborhood and the Colorado State Capitol. Over 95% of this neighborhood is developed. The average year of construction for buildings is 1920, with some of the oldest single-family homes in the city. The characteristics of Capitol Hill are closely related to other east Denver neighborhoods, which include the hospital district and the North Capitol Hill neighborhood. Public transportation and city support services are readily available. Neighborhood Boundaries: North – Colfax Avenue South – Seventh Avenue East – Downing Street West – Broadway

Characteristics[edit] Capitol Hill is Denver's most densely populated neighborhood. It was once the home of Denver's elite and origination of Foursquare architecture in Denver. Today it consists of historic mansions, apartments and condo buildings. Because of the concentration of multi-family uses and the urban character of the neighborhood, parking is at a premium. The area is strongly influenced by the Colorado State Capitol and Downtown Denver which is adjacent to the northwest boundary of the neighborhood. Commercial uses are typically located on major arterials such as Colfax Avenue, East 8th Avenue, East 14th Avenue, East 13th Avenue, Lincoln Street and Broadway. A considerable number of mansion properties have been converted to office uses over the past several years due to zoning exemptions offered to historic structures which are zoned for residential uses. Office development in the neighborhood is primarily concentrated in the northwest portion of the neighborhood with small professional offices located throughout the neighborhood.

Culture[edit] The Capitol Hill neighborhood is influenced by its proximity to the Colorado State Capitol, Downtown and its northern boundary, East Colfax Avenue. Capitol Hill is one of the most cosmopolitan neighborhoods in Denver, well known as a haven for artists and bohemians. There are numerous restaurants, clubs, bars, stores, concert venues, and other cultural amenities in the community. East 13th Avenue is the center of Denver's punk community with various stores that cater to punks and hipsters. Colfax Avenue has a reputation for a wild nightlife with multiple concert venues (The Fillmore Auditorium, The Ogden Theater, The Bluebird Theater, 1Up Colfax), and numerous late-night bars, coffeeshops, restaurants, and stores on the street. During the day, lobbyists and politicians from the Colorado State Capitol can be seen making deals in the restaurants and bars of the neighborhood. The neighborhood also has a reputation for being a very gay and lesbian friendly area of Denver. Capitol Hill is next to two major Denver parks, Civic Center Park and Cheesman Park. Both of these are meeting centers for the community; they host many festivals, including the Capitol Hill United Neighborhoods-sponsored People's Fair in early June. Capitol Hill has had a long bohemian reputation with the Colburn Hotel on Grant Street being a onetime residence of Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg.

Notable spots in Capitol Hill[edit] Wax Trax! Records – record store opened in 1978 which spawned Wax Trax! Records in Chicago. Located at 13th and Washington Quizno's subs – the first[citation needed] of the chain – 13th and Grant since 1981 Molly Brown House – now a museum

Urban Renewal[edit] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Capitol Hill is one of many neighborhoods in central Denver in a gentrification phase. The neighborhood was originally the home of Denver's elite who constructed elaborate mansions. As the economy of Denver slumped after the Silver Crash of 1893, construction in Capitol Hill concentrated on apartments. Three buildings still in existence are examples of the architecture of this time: The Colonnade, Alta Court (currently an office building), and the Hamilton. This cultural and demographic shift, from single-family mansions toward boarding houses and rental property for the transient middle class, marked a shift toward the present multi-family dominance of the neighborhood. Capitol Hill remained a solid middle-class neighborhood until after World War II, when middle-class families left Capitol Hill. The demographics of people left behind were transients and renters. Another watershed in the history of Capitol hill was the completion of Interstate 70. No longer did incoming tourists drive down East Colfax Avenue on their way into downtown. The tourist dollar was effectively wiped out as a revenue source for East Colfax after this decade. So began another downward spiral. With no tourists to spend money along East Colfax the businesses suffered, as did the demand to go to Capitol Hill. The affordability, urban character and eclectic architecture made the area appealing to young bohemians, artists, musicians (Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg were former neighborhood residents) which has led to a gradual gentrification that reached its height during the 2000s. The rents in the neighborhood have increased significantly over the past decade, and many of the cheap apartments in the area have been converted into more expensive condominiums. Nonetheless the neighborhood has an older housing stock which lacks off-street parking, contributing to a relative affordability compared to other central neighborhoods. Currently many portions of East Colfax Avenue are undergoing redevelopment to make them denser and more pedestrian-friendly. Despite these redevelopment efforts, a brief stroll along Colfax Avenue through the Capitol Hill neighborhood will provide a glimpse of its history.

Crime[edit] Capitol Hill is also well known for its crime, particularly the sale and common use of drugs in the neighborhood. Recently drug sales have decreased in the neighborhood as policing initiatives brought down the crime rate and hastened the ongoing gentrification. The crime rate in 2014 in the Capitol Hill neighborhood was 8.63 incidents per 1,000 residents, one of the worst violent crime rates in Denver.[2]

Gallery[edit] Grant and 7th, near Gov's Park in Capitol Hill 13th and Pearl, in the heart of Capitol Hill Wax Trax, 13th and Washington Capitol Building, East edge

References[edit] ^ "Official Neighborhood Boundaries" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-05-16. Retrieved 2009-05-19.  ^ "Denver Crimes". Retrieved 15 November 2015.  Coordinates: 39°44′N 104°59′W / 39.733°N 104.983°W / 39.733; -104.983 v t e Gay villages in the United States Atlanta (Midtown, Piedmont Avenue) Austin Baltimore Boston (Jamaica Plain, South End) Buffalo Charlotte Chicago (Boystown, Edgewater) Cincinnati Columbus (The Short North, Victorian Village) Dallas Detroit Denver Eugene Fire Island (Fire Island Pines, Cherry Grove) Fort Lauderdale Guerneville, California Houston (Hyde Park, Montrose) Hudson Valley (Albany, Hudson) Jersey Shore (Asbury Park, Ocean Grove) Los Angeles (Broadway Corridor, Sunset Junction, Silver Lake, West Hollywood) Miami (South Beach, Wilton Manors) New Hope, Pennsylvania New York City (Chelsea, Christopher Street, Greenwich Village) Ogunquit, Maine Oklahoma City Palm Springs Philadelphia (Gayborhood, East Passyunk Crossing) Phoenix (Alhambra, Encanto) Portland Provincetown Rehoboth Beach, Delaware Sacramento Saint Petersburg, Florida San Diego San Francisco (Castro District, SoMa) San Jose Saugatuck, Michigan Seattle Shreveport Stonewall Nation Syracuse Trenton Western Massachusetts (Northampton, Springfield) Washington, D.C. (Dupont Circle, Logan Circle, U Street) v t e Neighborhoods of the City and County of Denver, Colorado Central Baker Capitol Hill Central Business District Cheesman Park City Park Congress Park City Park West Civic Center Country Club Lincoln Park North Capitol Hill Speer Union Station North Clayton Cole Elyria-Swansea Five Points Globeville North Park Hill South Park Hill Skyland Whittier Northeast Green Valley Ranch Montbello Northeast Park Hill Park Hill Stapleton Northwest Auraria Berkeley Chaffee Park East Highlands Highland Jefferson Park Regis Sloan Lake Sunnyside West Highlands South College View Hampden South Overland Platte Park Rosedale Southmoor Park South Platte University Hills University Park Washington Park Washington Park West Wellshire Southeast Goldsmith Hampden Hampden South Kennedy East Belcaro Cherry Creek Cory-Merrill East Colfax Hale Indian Creek Lowry Montclair Virginia Village Washington Virginia Vale Windsor West Athmar Park Barnum Barnum West Harvey Park Mar Lee Ruby Hill Sun Valley Valverde Villa Park West Colfax Westwood Other Alamo Placita Burns Brentwood Byers Chinatown Crestmoor Curtis Park Denver International Airport Gateway Golden Triangle Hampden Heights Hilltop LoDo Mayfair Parkfield University List Category Retrieved from "" Categories: Gay villages in the United StatesNeighborhoods in DenverEntertainment districts in the United StatesRestaurant districts and streets in the United StatesHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from August 2010Articles needing additional references from March 2010All articles needing additional referencesCoordinates on Wikidata

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