Contents 1 California recall history 2 Background 2.1 California law 2.2 Political climate 3 Arguments about the recall drive 4 Recall election 4.1 Background 4.2 Notable candidates 4.2.1 Democratic 4.2.2 Green 4.2.3 Republican 4.3 Campaign 4.4 Election logistics 4.4.1 Concurrent alternatives 4.4.2 Availability of Spanish-speaking poll workers 4.4.3 Punch card ballots 4.5 Polling 4.6 Results 5 See also 6 References 7 External links 7.1 Recall information


California recall history[edit] The California recall process became law in 1911 as the result of Progressive Era reforms that spread across the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The ability to recall elected officials came along with the initiative and referendum processes. The movement in California was spearheaded by Republican then-Governor Hiram Johnson, a reformist, who called the recall process a "precautionary measure by which a recalcitrant official can be removed." No illegality has to be committed by politicians in order for them to be recalled. If an elected official commits a crime while in office, the state legislature can hold impeachment trials. For a recall, only the will of the people is necessary to remove an official.[3] Before the successful recall of Gray Davis, no California statewide official had ever been recalled, though there had been 117 previous attempts. Only seven of those even made it onto the ballot, all for state legislators. Every governor since Ronald Reagan in 1968 has been subject to a recall effort, but Gray Davis was the first governor whose opponents gathered the necessary signatures to qualify for a special election. Davis also faced a recall petition in 1999, but that effort failed to gain enough signatures to qualify for the ballot. The 1999 recall effort was prompted by several actions taken by Davis, including his preventing the enactment of Proposition 187 by keeping it from being appealed to the US Supreme Court and his signing of two new highly restrictive gun-control laws. As Davis's recall transpired before he had served half of his term as governor, he remains eligible to serve another term, should he win a future election for the California governor post. Nineteen states, along with the District of Columbia, allow the recall of state officials,[4] but Davis's recall was only the second in US history. The first governor recall occurred in 1921 when North Dakota's Lynn J. Frazier was recalled over a dispute about state-owned industries, and was replaced by Ragnvald A. Nestos.[5] The third recall occurred in Wisconsin in 2012.


Background[edit] California law[edit] California Secretary of State building on October 7, 2003. Under California law, any elected official may be the target of a recall campaign.[6] To trigger a recall election, proponents of the recall must gather a certain number of signatures from registered voters within a certain time period. The number of signatures statewide must equal 12% of the number of votes cast in the previous election for that office.[7] For the 2003 recall election, that meant a minimum of 897,156 signatures, based on the November 2002 statewide elections, but 1.2 million were needed to ensure that there were enough valid signatures.[8] The effort to recall Gray Davis began with Republicans Ted Costa, Mark Abernathy, and Howard Kaloogian, who filed their petition with the California Secretary of State and started gathering signatures. The effort was not taken seriously, until Rep. Darrell Issa, who hoped to run as a replacement candidate for governor, donated $2 million towards the effort. This infusion of money allowed Costa and Kaloogian to step up their efforts. Eventually, proponents gathered about 1.6 million signatures, of which 1,356,408 were certified as valid.[8] Under most circumstances in which a recall campaign against a statewide elected official has gathered the required number of signatures, the governor is required to schedule a special election for the recall vote.[9] If the recall campaign qualified less than 180 days prior to the next regularly scheduled election, then the recall becomes part of that regularly scheduled election.[10] In the case of a recall against the governor, the responsibility for scheduling a special election falls on the lieutenant governor,[11] who in 2003 was Cruz Bustamante.[12] Political climate[edit] The political climate was largely shaped by the then-recent and costly California electricity crisis of the early 2000s, in which many saw the cost of their monthly energy bills triple. The public, due to the complex nature of the energy crisis, held Davis partly responsible. General speculation regarding the factors influencing the recall's outcome continues to center on the idea that Californians simply voted for a "change" because Davis had mismanaged the events leading up to the energy crisis, e.g., Davis had not fought more vigorously for Californians against the energy fraud nor had he pushed for legislative or emergency executive action soon enough; because Davis had signed deals agreeing to pay energy companies fixed yet inflated prices for years to come based on those paid during the crisis; and/or because the fraudulent corporations had prevailed, and a corporate-friendly Republican governor could politically shield California from further corporate fraud. Others speculated that the corporations involved sought not only profit, but were acting in concert with Republican political allies to cause political damage to the nationally influential Democratic governor. Still others, such as Arianna Huffington, argued that Davis' persistent fundraising and campaign contributions from various companies, including energy companies, made him unable to confront his contributors. Davis accepted $2,000,000 from the California Correctional Peace Officers Association and used his political connections to pass an estimated $5,000,000,000 raise for them over the coming years. This led many people throughout California to believe Davis was guilty of corruption even if he did not meet the standard necessary for prosecution.[13]


Arguments about the recall drive[edit] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Backers of the recall effort cited Davis's alleged lack of leadership combined with California's weakened and hurt economy. According to the circulated petition: [Governor Davis' actions were a] gross mismanagement of California Finances by overspending taxpayers' money, threatening public safety by cutting funds to local governments, failing to account for the exorbitant cost of the energy, and failing in general to deal with the state's major problems until they get to the crisis stage. Opponents of the recall said the situation was more complicated, for several reasons. The entire United States and many of its economic trading partners had been in economic recession. California was hit harder than other states at the end of the speculative bubble known as the "dot-com bubble"—from 1996 to 2000—when Silicon Valley was the center of the internet economy. California state expenditures soared when the government was flush with revenues. Some Californians blamed Davis and the state legislature for continuing to spend heavily while revenues dried up, ultimately leading to record deficits. Also, the California electricity crisis of 2000–2001 caused great financial damage to the state of California. There is much consternation among the citizens of California regarding Davis's handling of the crisis; see that article for more. The legal issues still were not resolved in time to alleviate California's dire need for electricity, and the state instituted "rolling blackouts" and in some cases instituted penalties for excess energy use. In the recall campaign, Republicans and others opposed to Davis's governance sometimes charge that Davis did not "respond properly" to the crisis. In fact most economists disagree, believing that Davis could do little else—and anyone in the governor's office would have had to capitulate as Davis did, in the absence of Federal help. The Bush administration rejected requests for federal intervention, responding that it was California's problem to solve.[14] Still, subsequent revelations of corporate accounting scandals and market manipulation by some Texas-based energy companies did little to quiet the criticism of Davis's handling of the crisis. Furthermore, there is a high correlation between the success of the recall signature gathering effort and the inability for the California Legislature and the governor to agree on a new state budget.[citation needed] The new year's California budget was finally passed on August 1, 2003, several days after the recall drive qualified, and many[who?] believe the deadlock involved in the budget negotiations added fuel to the fire driving the recall effort. Some[who?] were further antagonized by the fact that the budget ultimately passed relied on loans and borrowing—which they[who?] said amounted to not fixing California's budget problems at all. Additionally, many Republicans[who?] believe that California's taxes are too high, discouraging investment and driving businesses out of the state. Many candidates[who?] also criticized Davis's immigration policy, and were particularly enraged by Davis's seeming support of the court ruling striking down most of Proposition 187 as unconstitutional and his more recent support for issuing driver's licenses to illegal immigrants. Many other California governors[who?] have faced recall attempts and many others[who?] have governed through tough economic circumstances, but none ever faced a special recall election until Davis. Some political experts believe a "perfect storm" of circumstances led to the success of the recall drive.[citation needed] Davis swept into the governor's office in 1998 in a landslide victory and a 60% approval rating as California's economy roared to new heights during the dot-com boom. Davis took his mandate from the voters and sought out a centrist political position, refusing some demands from labor unions and teachers' organizations on the left. The Democratic Davis, already opposed by Republicans, began losing favor among members of his own party. Nevertheless, Davis's approval ratings remained above 50%. When the California electricity crisis slammed the state in 2001, Davis was blasted for his slow and ineffective response. His approval rating dropped into the 30s and never recovered. When the energy crisis settled down, Davis's administration was hit with a fund-raising scandal. California had a $95 million contract with Oracle Corporation that was found to be unnecessary and overpriced by the state auditor. Three of Davis's aides were fired or resigned after it was revealed that the governor's technology adviser accepted a $25,000 campaign contribution shortly after the contract was signed. The money was returned, but the scandal fueled close scrutiny of Davis's fundraising for his 2002 re-election bid. In the 2002 primary election, Davis ran unopposed for the Democratic nomination. He spent his campaign funds on attack ads against California Secretary of State Bill Jones and Los Angeles mayor Richard Riordan, the two well known moderates in the Republican primary. The result was that his opponent in the general election was conservative Republican and political newcomer Bill Simon, who was popular within his own party but unknown by the majority of the state population. The intense criticism of both candidates caused Davis and Simon to run one of the most negative campaigns in recent state history.[citation needed] The attacks on both sides turned off voters and suppressed turnout; Davis ultimately won with 47% of the vote. The suppressed turnout had the effect of lowering the threshold for the 2003 recall petition to qualify. On December 18, 2002, just over a month after being reelected, Davis announced that California would face a record budget deficit possibly as high as $35 billion, a forecast $13.7 billion higher than one a month earlier. The number was finally estimated to be $38.2 billion, more than all 49 other states' deficits combined. Already suffering from low approval ratings, Davis's numbers hit historic lows in April 2003 with 24% approval and 65% disapproval, according to a California Field Poll. Davis was almost universally disliked by both Republicans and Democrats in the state and a recall push was high. A hot button issue that seemed to galvanize the public was the vehicle license fee increase Davis implemented under provisions of legislation passed by his predecessor which originally reduced the fees.[15] On June 20, 2003 the Davis administration reinstituted the full vehicle license fee, and to date the action has withstood legal challenge. The action was a key step in the plan to close the $38 billion shortfall in the 2003–2004 budget. The increase tripled the vehicle license fee for the average car owner, and began appearing in renewal notices starting August 1. The California state budget passed in late July 2003 included the projected $4 billion in increased vehicle license fee revenue. Proponents of the Governor's recall characterized the increase as a tax hike and used it as an issue in the recall campaign. In mid-August 2003, Davis floated a plan to reverse the increase, making up the revenue with taxes on high income earners, cigarettes, and alcoholic beverages. When Gray Davis was recalled and Arnold Schwarzenegger was elected governor in October 2003, Schwarzenegger vowed that his first act as governor would be to revoke the vehicle license fee increase. On November 17, just after his inauguration, Gov. Schwarzenegger signed Executive Order S-1-03, rescinding the vehicle license fee retroactive to October 1, 2003 when the fee increase went into effect. Analysts predicted that this would add more than $4 billion to the state deficit. Schwarzenegger did not indicate how cities and counties would be reimbursed for the lost revenue they receive from the license fee to support public safety and other local government activities.


Recall election[edit] Background[edit] On February 5, 2003, anti-tax activist Ted Costa announced a plan to start a petition drive to recall Davis. Several committees were formed to collect signatures, but Costa's Davis Recall Committee was the only one authorized by the state to submit signatures. One committee "Recall Gray Davis Committee", organized by Republican political consultant Sal Russo and former Republican assemblyman Howard Kaloogian played a supporting role in drumming up support. Kaloogian served as chairman, Russo as chief strategist of the committee.[16] After the recall both Kaloogian and Russo went on to found Move America Forward.[17][18] By law, the committee had to collect signatures from registered California voters amounting to 12% of the number of Californians who voted in the previous gubernatorial election (November 2002) for the special recall vote to take place. The organization was given the go-ahead to collect signatures on March 25, 2003. Organizers had 160 days to collect signatures. Specifically, they had to collect at least 897,158 valid signatures from registered voters by September 2, 2003. The recall movement began slowly, largely relying on talk radio, a website, cooperative e-mail, word-of-mouth, and grassroots campaigning to drive the signature gathering. Davis derided the effort as "partisan mischief" by "a handful of right-wing politicians" and called the proponents losers. Nevertheless, by mid-May recall proponents said they had gathered 300,000 signatures. They sought to gather the necessary signatures by July in order to get the special election in the fall of 2003 instead of March 2004 during the Democratic presidential primary election, when Democratic Party turnout would presumably be higher. The effort continued to gather signatures, but the recall was far from a sure thing and the proponents were short on cash to promote their cause. The movement took off when wealthy U.S. Representative Darrell Issa, a Republican representing San Diego, California, announced on May 6 that he would use his personal money to push the effort. All told, he contributed $1.7 million of his own money to finance advertisements and professional signature-gatherers. With the movement accelerated, the recall effort began to make national news and soon appeared to be almost a sure thing. The only question was whether signatures would be collected quickly enough to force the special election to take place in late 2003 rather than in March 2004. The Issa recall committee's e-mail claimed that California Secretary of State Kevin Shelley, belonging to the same party as the Governor, resisted certification of the recall signatures as long as possible. By mid-May, the recall organization was calling for funds to begin a lawsuit against Shelley, and publicly considered a separate recall effort for the Secretary of State (also an elected official in California). However, by July 23, 2003, recall advocates turned in over 110% of the required signatures, and the Secretary of State announced that the signatures had been certified and a recall election would take place. Proponents had set a goal of 1.2 million to provide a buffer in case of invalid signatures. In the end, there were 1,363,411 valid signatures out of 1,660,245 collected (897,156 required). The next day, Lieutenant Governor Cruz Bustamante announced that Davis would face a recall election on October 7. California's Constitution requires that a recall election be held within 80 days of the date the recall petition is certified, or within 180 days if a regularly scheduled statewide election comes within that time. Had the petition been certified at the deadline of September 2, the election would have been held in March 2004, the next scheduled statewide election. Instead, Bustamante chose a date 76 days from the date of certification, October 7. This was to be the second gubernatorial recall election in the United States history and the first in the history of California. Later that month, the committee's periodic e-mail said that state funds were being illegally used to fight the recall effort. In particular, four million dollars of California State University funds were said to have been funded to educate union members in "Workers Against Recall" or "WAR." Recall supporters organized an authorized (licensed by local police) march opposite a hotel hosting a WAR seminar on August 15, 2003. News video showed a dozen union members with WAR T-shirts crossing the street and assaulting marchers, sending one to a hospital.[citation needed] Notable candidates[edit] The October 7 recall election had many declared candidates, several of whom were prominent celebrities. In total, there were 135 candidates who qualified for the ballot in the election, including four candidates who obtained at least 1% of the vote: Democratic[edit] Cruz Bustamante, lieutenant governor[19] Green[edit] Peter Camejo, 2002 Green Party candidate for governor Republican[edit] Tom McClintock, State Senator[20] Arnold Schwarzenegger, Hollywood actor[21] Campaign[edit] Sample ballot; the recall question, along with the list of replacement candidates fills the first three columns. The order of the names on the ballot was determined by a randomization of the sequence of the alphabet, with the list being shifted in each of the state's 80 Assembly districts (hence, with 135 candidates in this race, some candidates were not able to be listed first in at least one district))[22] The ballot consisted of two questions; voters could vote on one or the other, or on both. The first question asked whether Gray Davis should be recalled. It was a simple yes/no question, and if a majority voted no, then the second question would become irrelevant and Gray Davis would remain California governor. If a majority voted yes, then Davis would be removed from office once the vote was certified, and the second question would determine his successor. Voters had to choose one candidate from a long list of 135 candidates. Voters who voted against recalling Gray Davis could still vote for a candidate to replace him in case the recall vote succeeded. The candidate receiving the most votes (a plurality) would then become the next governor of California. Certification by the Secretary of State of California would require completion within 39 days of the election, and history indicated that it could require that entire time frame to certify the statewide election results. Once the results were certified, a newly elected governor would have to be sworn into office within 10 days. Those Californians wishing to run for governor were given until August 9 to file. The requirements to run were relatively low and attracted a number of interesting and strange candidates. A California citizen needed only to gather 65 signatures from their own party and pay a nonrefundable $3,500 fee to become a candidate, or in lieu of the fee collect up to 10,000 signatures from any party, the fee being prorated by the fraction of 10,000 valid signatures the candidate filed. No candidate in fact collected more than a handful of signatures-in-lieu, so that all paid almost the entire fee. In addition, however, candidates from recognized third parties were allowed on the ballot with no fee if they could collect 150 signatures from their own party. The low requirements attracted many "average joes" with no political experience to file as well as several celebrity candidates. Many prominent potential candidates chose not to run. These included Democratic U.S. Senator Dianne Feinstein, widely regarded as the most popular statewide office-holding Democrat in California, who cited her own experience with a recall drive while she was mayor of San Francisco. Darrell Issa, who bankrolled the recall effort and said he would run for governor, abruptly dropped out of the race on August 7 among accusations that he had bankrolled the recall effort solely to get himself into office. Issa claimed that Schwarzenegger's decision to run did not affect his decision and he dropped out because he was assured that there were several strong candidates running in the recall.[23] The San Francisco Chronicle claimed that Davis's attacks on Issa's "checkered past" and polls showing strong Republican support for Schwarzenegger caused Issa to withdraw.[23] Former Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan and actor Arnold Schwarzenegger (a fellow Republican) agreed that only one of them would run; when Schwarzenegger announced on The Tonight Show that he would be a candidate, Riordan dropped out of the race. Riordan was surprised and those close to him say angered when he learned Schwarzenegger was running. Riordan did end up endorsing Schwarzenegger, but his endorsement was described as terse and matter-of-fact in contrast to his usually effusive way.[23] State Insurance Commissioner John Garamendi (a Democrat) announced on August 7 that he would be a candidate for governor. However, just two days later and only hours before the deadline to file, he announced "I will not engage in this election as a candidate", adding, "this recall election has become a circus." Garamendi had been under tremendous pressure to drop out from fellow Democrats who feared a split of the Democratic vote between him and Lt. Gov. Cruz Bustamante should the recall succeed. On September 3, five top candidates—independent Arianna Huffington, Democratic Lt. Gov. Cruz Bustamante, Green Party candidate Peter Camejo, Republican State Senator Tom McClintock, and former baseball commissioner Peter Ueberroth—participated in a live television debate. Noticeably absent was Arnold Schwarzenegger who opponents charged was not adequately prepared.[24] Schwarzenegger had repeatedly stated that he would not participate in such events until later in the election cycle. Prior to this first debate, Gov. Davis spent 30 minutes answering questions from a panel of journalists and voters. Due to the media attention focused on some candidates, GSN held a game show debate entitled Who Wants to Be Governor of California? – The Debating Game, a political game show featuring seven candidates unlikely to win the election, including former child star Gary Coleman and porn star Mary Carey. Several candidates who would still be listed on the ballot dropped out of the campaign before the October 7 election. On August 23, Republican Bill Simon (the 2002 party nominee) announced he was dropping out. He said, "There are too many Republicans in this race and the people of our state simply cannot risk a continuation of the Gray Davis legacy." Simon did not endorse any candidates at the time, but several weeks later he endorsed front-runner Arnold Schwarzenegger, as did Darrell Issa, who had not filed for the race. On September 9, former MLB commissioner and Los Angeles Olympic Committee President Peter Ueberroth withdrew his candidacy in the recall election. Newsvans at Schwarzenegger inauguration. On September 24, the remaining top five candidates (Schwarzenegger, Bustamante, Huffington, McClintock, and Camejo) gathered in the University Ballroom at California State University, Sacramento, for a live televised debate[25] that resembled the red-carpet premiere of a movie in Hollywood. Schwarzenegger's marquee name attracted large crowds, a carnival atmosphere, and an army of hundreds of credentialed media from around the world. While the candidate and his staff rode on buses named Running Man and Total Recall, the reporters' buses were named after Predator.[26] The aftermath of the debate was swift. On September 30, author Arianna Huffington withdrew her candidacy on the Larry King Live television program and announced that she was opposing the recall entirely in light of Arnold Schwarzenegger's surge in the polls. Apparently in response to her withdrawal, Cruz Bustamante endorsed her plan for public financing of election campaigns, an intended anti-corruption measure. On October 7, the recall election was held, and voters decisively voted to recall Davis and to elect Schwarzenegger as his replacement. At 10 p.m. local time, Davis conceded that he had lost to Schwarzenegger, saying, "We've had a lot of good nights over the last 20 years, but tonight the people did decide that it's time for someone else to serve, and I accept their judgment." About 40 minutes later, in his acceptance speech, Schwarzenegger said, "Today California has given me the greatest gift of all: You've given me your trust by voting for me. I will do everything I can to live up to that trust. I will not fail you." The result was officially certified on November 14 and Schwarzenegger was sworn in on November 17. 4,206,284 voters chose Schwarzenegger for governor, while 4,007,783 voted to keep Davis in office; thus, worries about a potentially anomalous result were assuaged. Election logistics[edit] Concurrent alternatives[edit] On July 29, 2003, federal judge Barry Moskowitz ruled section 11382 of the California election code unconstitutional. The provision required that only those voters who had voted in favor of the recall could cast a vote for a candidate for governor. The judge ruled that a voter could vote for or against the recall election and still vote for a replacement candidate. Secretary of State Kevin Shelley did not contest the ruling, thereby setting a legal precedent. Availability of Spanish-speaking poll workers[edit] In August, a federal judge in San Jose announced that he was considering issuing an order postponing the recall election. Activists in Monterey County had filed suit, claiming that Monterey County, and other counties of California affected by the Voting Rights Act were violating the act by announcing that, because of budgetary constraints, they were planning on hiring fewer Spanish-speaking poll watchers, and were going to cut back by almost half the number of polling places. On September 5, a three-member panel of federal judges ruled that the county's election plans did not constitute a violation of the federal Voting Rights Act. Punch card ballots[edit] A lawsuit filed in Los Angeles by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) claimed that the use of the "hanging chad" style punch-card ballots still in use in six California counties (Los Angeles, Mendocino, Sacramento, San Diego, Santa Clara, and Solano) were in violation of fair election laws. U.S. District Judge Stephen V. Wilson in Los Angeles ruled on August 20 that the election would not be delayed because of the punch-card ballots. The ruling was appealed, and heard by three judges in the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. On September 15 the judges issued a unanimous ruling postponing the recall election until March 2004 on the grounds that the existence of allegedly obsolete voting equipment in some counties violated equal protection, thus overruling the lower district court which had rejected this argument. Recall proponents questioned why punch-card ballots were adequate enough to elect Governor Davis, but were not good enough to recall him. Proponents planned to appeal the postponement to the U.S. Supreme Court. However, an 11-judge panel, also from the ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals quickly gathered to rehear the controversial case. On the morning of September 23, the panel reversed the three-judge ruling in a unanimous decision, arguing that the concerns about the punch-card ballots were outweighed by the harm that would be done by postponing the election. Further legal appeals were discussed but did not occur. The ACLU announced it would not make an appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court, and Davis was widely quoted in the press as saying "Let's just get it over with." Thus the election proceeded as planned on October 7. Polling[edit] Public opinion was divided on the recall, with many passionately-held positions on both sides of the recall election. Californians were fairly united in their disapproval of Governor Davis's handling of the state, with his approval numbers in the mid-20s. On the question of whether he should be recalled, Californians were more divided, but polls in the weeks leading up to the election consistently showed that a majority would vote to remove him. Polls also showed that the two leading candidates, Lt. Governor Cruz Bustamante, a Democrat, and Hollywood actor Arnold Schwarzenegger, a Republican, were neck and neck with about 25–35% of the vote each, and Bustamante with a slight lead in most polls[citation needed]. Republican State Senator Tom McClintock also polled in the double-digits. Remaining candidates polled in the low single digits. Polls in the final week leading up to the election showed support for Davis slipping and support for Schwarzenegger growing. Many observers outside California, and some members of the press, consistently called the recall chaos and madness as well as a media circus and nightmare. With the candidacies of a few celebrities and many regular Californians, the entire affair became a joke to some (there were tongue-in-cheek references to Schwarzenegger's role within the science fiction film Total Recall) as well as an "only-in-California" event. Nevertheless, most Californians took the recall seriously, with the future of the governor's office at stake. The election drew in many Californians who had never voted before[citation needed] and voter registration increased.[citation needed] Results[edit] The ballot had two questions. The first question was whether Davis, the sitting governor, should be recalled; those voting on it were 55.4% in favor of recall and 44.6% opposed. The second question was who would replace the governor in the event of a majority voted on the recall question. Among those voting on the potential replacement, Schwarzenegger received a plurality of 48.6%, by surpassing Lt. Gov. Cruz Bustamante's 31.5% – about a 3-to-2 ratio. Republican Tom McClintock received 13.5% of the vote – less than half the share of the candidate he trailed. Green Party candidate Peter Camejo polled 2.8%, trailing the third-place candidate almost 4-to-1. Each remaining candidate polled 0.6% or less. Schwarzenegger's votes exceeded those for the next five candidates combined, despite the presumed division of Republican voters between him and McClintock. There were also more votes for Schwarzenegger than votes against recalling Davis, avoiding the theoretical scenario of the replacement having less support than the recalled governor. Following the election, all 58 of California's counties had 28 days (until November 4, 2003) each to conduct a countywide canvass of their votes. Counties used this time to count any absentee ballots or provisional ballots not yet counted, to reconcile the number of signatures on the roster of registered voters with the number of ballots recorded on the ballot statement, to count any valid write-in votes, to reproduce any damaged ballots, if necessary, and to conduct a hand count of the ballots cast in 1% of the precincts, chosen at random by the elections official. Counties then had seven days from the conclusion of canvassing (November 11, 2003, 35 days after the election) to submit their final vote totals to the California Secretary of State's office. The Secretary of State had to certify the final statewide vote by 39 days (until November 15) after the election. The vote was officially certified on November 14, 2003. Once the vote was certified, governor-elect Schwarzenegger had to be sworn into office within ten days.[27] His inauguration took place on November 17. Key: Withdrew prior to contest California gubernatorial recall election, 2003[28][29][30] Vote on recall Votes Percentage Yes 4,976,274 55.4% No 4,007,783 44.6% Invalid or blank votes 429,431 4.6% Totals 9,413,488 100.0% Voter turnout 61.2% Rank Party Candidate Votes Percentage 1 Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger 4,206,284 48.6% 2 Democratic Cruz Bustamante 2,724,874 31.5% 3 Republican Tom McClintock 1,161,287 13.4% 4 Green Peter Camejo 242,247 2.8% 5 Independent Arianna Huffington 47,505 0.5% All other listed and write-in candidates (see below for details) 275,719 3.2% Complete list of all other candidates Rank Party Candidate Votes Percentage 6 Republican Peter Ueberroth 25,134 0.3% 7 Democratic Larry Flynt 17,458 0.2% 8 Independent Gary Coleman 14,242 0.2% 9 Independent George B. Schwartzman 12,382 0.1% 10 Independent Mary Carey 11,179 0.1% 11 Democratic Bruce Margolin 9,188 0.1% 12 Republican Bill Simon 8,913 0.1% 13 Republican Van Vo 7,226 0.1% 14 Independent (actually Socialist Equality Party) John Christopher Burton 6,748 0.1% 15 Democratic David Laughing Horse Robinson 6,496 0.1% 16 Independent Leo Gallagher 5,466 0.1% 17 Republican Cheryl Bly-Chester 5,297 0.1% 18 Democratic Lawrence Strauss 5,245 0.1% 19 Democratic Ronald Palmieri 4,221 0.1% 20 Democratic Calvin Louie 3,906 0.1% 21 Independent Badi Badiozamani 3,404 <0.1% 22 Democratic Audie Bock 3,358 <0.0% 23 Democratic Ralph Hernandez 3,199 <0.1% 24 Democratic Edward Kennedy 3,007 <0.1% 25 Democratic Dan Feinstein 2,927 <0.1% 26 Independent Bob McClain 2,857 <0.1% 27 Democratic James Green 2,848 <0.1% 28 Democratic Garrett Gruener 2,562 <0.1% 29 Independent Angelyne 2,536 <0.1% 30 Democratic Paul Mariano 2,455 <0.1% 31 Green Ivan Hall 2,346 <0.1% 32 Democratic Jim Weir 2,328 <0.1% 33 Independent Jerome Kunzman 2,317 <0.1% 34 Libertarian Ned Roscoe 2,250 <0.1% 35 Democratic Georgina Russell 2,216 <0.1% 36 Democratic Jonathan Miller 2,214 <0.1% 37 Independent Jack Grisham 2,200 <0.1% 38 Democratic Christopher Sproul 2,039 <0.1% 39 Green Daniel Watts 2,021 <0.1% 40 Libertarian Ken Hamidi 1,948 <0.1% 41 Democratic Marc Valdez 1,840 <0.1% 42 Democratic Frank Macaluso 1,801 <0.1% 43 Democratic Daniel Ramirez 1,778 <0.1% 44 Republican Randall Sprague 1,771 <0.1% 45 Independent Brooke Adams 1,713 <0.1% 46 Independent Mohammad Arif 1,709 <0.1% 47 Independent Nathan Walton 1,697 <0.1% 48 Libertarian John Hickey 1,689 <0.1% 49 Democratic Mike Schmier 1,652 <0.1% 50 Peace and Freedom C.T. Weber 1,626 <0.1% 51 Democratic Diana Foss 1,577 <0.1% 52 Democratic Michael Wozniak 1,562 <0.1% 53 Independent B.E. Smith 1,545 <0.1% 54 Democratic Lingel Winters 1,466 <0.1% 55 Independent Richard Simmons 1,422 <0.1% 56 Democratic Joe Guzzardi 1,419 <0.1% 57 Independent Mike McCarthy 1,351 <0.1% 58 Democratic Art Brown 1,344 <0.1% 59 Independent Leonard Padilla 1,343 <0.1% 60 Natural Law Iris Adam 1,297 <0.1% 61 Green Maurice Walker 1,236 <0.1% 62 Independent Trek Kelly 1,210 <0.1% 63 Democratic Vikramjit Bajwa 1,168 <0.1% 64 Republican David Sams 1,166 <0.1% 65 Natural Law Darin Price 1,152 <0.1% 66 American Independent Charles Pineda 1,104 <0.1% 67 Democratic John Mortensen 1,078 <0.1% 68 Independent Sara Hanlon 1,077 <0.1% 69 American Independent Diane Templin 1,067 <0.1% 70 Democratic Dick Lane 1,065 <0.1% 71 Republican Jim Hoffmann 1,046 <0.1% 72 Democratic William Vaughn 1,028 <0.1% 73 Independent C. Stephen Henderson 989 <0.1% 74 Republican Robert Newman 987 <0.1% 75 Republican Jamie Safford 943 <0.1% 76 Democratic Robert Mannheim 914 <0.1% 77 Republican Dorene Musilli 907 <0.1% 78 Democratic Scott Mednick 903 <0.1% 79 Democratic A. Lavar Taylor 851 <0.1% 80 Independent Brian Tracy 842 <0.1% 81 Independent Kurt Rightmyer 837 <0.1% 82 Democratic Christopher Ranken 823 <0.1% 83 Independent Sharon Rushford 821 <0.1% 84 Democratic Darrin Scheidle 814 <0.1% 85 Independent Patricia Tilley 792 <0.1% 86 Independent Darryl Mobley 778 <0.1% 87 Republican Alex-St. James 771 <0.1% 88 Democratic Bob Edwards 758 <0.1% 89 Republican Douglas Anderson 754 <0.1% 90 Independent (actually Socialist Workers Party) Joel Britton 751 <0.1% 91 Republican Michael Jackson 746 <0.1% 92 Republican Ed Beyer 727 <0.1% 93 Democratic Paul Mailander 715 <0.1% 94 Republican John Beard 699 <0.1% 95 Democratic Paul Nave 679 <0.1% 96 Democratic Robert Cullenbine 632 <0.1% 97 Democratic Warren Farrell 626 <0.1% 98 Republican Chuck Walker 623 <0.1% 99 Republican William Chambers 610 <0.1% 100 Republican Vip Bhola 607 <0.1% 101 Democratic Gerold Lee Gorman 598 <0.1% 102 Republican Dennis McMahon 591 <0.1% 103 Republican James Vandeventer 588 <0.1% 104 Democratic Eric Korevaar 586 <0.1% 105 Democratic Kelly Kimball 582 <0.1% 106 Republican Mike McNeilly 581 <0.1% 107 Republican S. Issa 554 <0.1% 108 Republican Gino Martorana 532 <0.1% 109 Republican Richard Gosse 497 0.0% 110 Democratic Tim Sylvester 489 0.0% 111(t) Democratic Bill Prady 474 0.0% 111(t) Republican Bryan Quinn 474 0.0% 113 Republican Jeffrey Mock 455 0.0% 114 Republican Paul Vann 452 0.0% 115 Independent Michael Cheli 451 0.0% 116 Republican Heather Peters 444 0.0% 117 Independent Jeff Rainforth 425 0.0% 118 Independent Ronald Friedman 419 0.0% 119 Republican Todd Carson 386 0.0% 120 Independent Scott Davis[31][32] 384 0.0% 121 Republican Daniel Richards 383 0.0% 122 Republican Carl Mehr 376 0.0% 123 Democratic Lorraine Fontanes 365 0.0% 124 Democratic Gary Leonard 359 0.0% 125 Republican Gregory Pawlik 349 0.0% 126 Republican Jon Zellhoefer 346 0.0% 127 Republican Reva Renz 333 0.0% 128 Republican Kevin Richter 305 0.0% 129 Republican Stephen Knapp 298 0.0% 130 Republican William Tsangares 281 0.0% 131 Republican Logan Clements 274 0.0% 132 Republican Robert Dole 273 0.0% 133 Democratic David Kessinger 261 0.0% 134 Republican Gene Forte 235 0.0% 135 Independent Todd Lewis 192 0.0% 136 Independent Mathilda Spak (write-in) 16 0.0% 137(t) Republican Jason Gastrich (write-in) 11 0.0% 137(t) Democratic Monty Manibog (write-in) 11 0.0% 139(t) Independent Thomas Benigno (write-in) 7 0.0% 139(t) Independent R. Charlie Chadwick (write-in) 7 0.0% 141(t) Independent Shirley Coly (write-in) 5 0.0% 141(t) Democratic Jane Dawson (write-in) 5 0.0% 143(t) Democratic Pauline Cooper (write-in) 4 0.0% 143(t) Independent Paul Walton (write-in) 4 0.0% 145(t) Republican Jim Trenton (write-in) 3 0.0% 145(t) Democratic Wignes Warren (write-in) 3 0.0% 147(t) Independent Christy Cassel (write-in) 2 0.0% 147(t) Republican Jacques-André Istel (write-in) 2 0.0% 147(t) Democratic Christian Meister (write-in) 2 0.0% 147(t) Independent Vincent Pallaver (write-in) 2 0.0% 147(t) Democratic Lincoln Pickard (write-in) 2 0.0% 147(t) Democratic Lynda Toth (write-in) 2 0.0% 147(t) Republican Donald Wang (write-in) 2 0.0% 154(t) Democratic Robert Gibb (write-in) 1 0.0% 154(t) Independent Ronald Spangler (write-in) 1 0.0% 154(t) Independent Kyle Conover (write-in) 1 0.0% 154(t) Democratic Bill Thill (write-in) 1 0.0% 154(t) Democratic Jurlene White (write-in) 1 0.0% 154(t) Republican Joel Wirth (write-in) 1 0.0% Invalid or blank votes 755,575 8.0% Totals 9,413,490 100.0% Voter turnout 61.2% Republican gain from Democratic Note that San Bernardino County did not report write-in votes for individual candidates.[29]


See also[edit] North Dakota gubernatorial recall election


References[edit] ^ Baldassare, Mark; Katz, Cheryl (2008). The Coming Age of Direct Democracy: California's Recall and Beyond. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 11. ISBN 9780742538719. Retrieved 2012-05-20.  ^ Jennie Bowser. "Recall of State Officials". Ncsl.org. Retrieved 2012-10-02.  ^ Hiram Johnson. "Inaugural Address". Governors of California. Retrieved July 13, 2011.  ^ "Recall of State Officials". National Conference of State Legislatures. July 12, 2011. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved July 13, 2011.  ^ "2003 California Recall Election". University of California. Retrieved July 13, 2011.  ^ Constitution of California, Art. II, Sec. 13. The process is defined in Constitutional Article II, Sections 13–20 and California Elections Code Div. 11. ^ Cal. Const., Art. II, Sec. 14(b). ^ a b [1] Archived January 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Cal. Const. Art. II, Sec 15(a) ^ Cal. Const. Art. II, Sec 15(b) ^ Cal. Const. Art. II, Sec. 17 ^ "History of California Constitutional Officers" (PDF). sos.ca.gov. 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2011.  ^ O'Hehir, Andrew (2001-01-27). "Gov. Davis and the failure of power – California". Salon.com. Retrieved 2010-08-14.  ^ Harriet Chiang; Chronicle Legal Affairs Writer (2001-05-14). "Davis urges Bush to cap 'obscene' power prices". Sfgate.com. Retrieved 2010-08-14.  ^ "HOT TOPICS" – IGS Library/UC Berkeley ^ "California Gov. Davis Faces Recall Effort". CNN. 2003-06-17. Retrieved April 28, 2010.  ^ Marsetta, Diane (2004). "Moving America One Step Forward And Two Steps Back". PR Watch.com. Center for Media and Democracy. Retrieved 2008-02-28.  ^ "About Us". Move America Forward. Retrieved 2008-02-28.  ^ Bustamante, Cruz (2003). "Recall Information". sos.ca.gov. Retrieved July 13, 2011.  ^ LeDuff, Charlie (September 13, 2003). "G.O.P. Dealing With Split Over 2 Top Contenders". New York Times. Retrieved March 10, 2013.  ^ "Schwarzenegger announces bid for governor". CNN. August 7, 2003. Retrieved July 13, 2011.  ^ "Recall alphabet: Do you know your RWQs?". CNN. August 12, 2003.  ^ a b c Wildermuth, John (August 8, 2003). "Schwarzenegger's GOP rivals quitting / ISSA DROPS OUT: Lawmaker who led recall drive shocks supporters". The San Francisco Chronicle.  ^ "Top California recall candidates debate -- without Schwarzenegger". CNN. September 3, 2003. Retrieved April 28, 2010.  ^ "Arnold steals show in California debate". Washington Times. 2003-09-25. Retrieved 2010-08-14.  ^ Schultz, David Andrew (editor). Lights, camera, campaign!: media, politics, and political advertising. New York: Peter Lang Publishing. p. 261. ISBN 0-8204-6831-2. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Cal. Elections Code, § 11386. ^ "RECALL QUESTION: Statewide Summary" (PDF). California Secretary of State. 2004-03-11. Retrieved 2008-07-09.  ^ a b "GOVERNOR: Statewide Summary" (PDF). California Secretary of State. 2004-03-11. Retrieved 2008-07-09.  ^ "Report of Registration as of September 22, 2003" (PDF). California Secretary of State. 2003-11-20. Retrieved 2008-07-09.  ^ Gathright, Alan (August 24, 2003). "Governor's bid ends for slaying suspect / Silicon Valley man running in recall race linked to a '96 death". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved July 8, 2014.  ^ "Scott Davis Conviction Upheld". April 28, 2009. 


External links[edit] Special Statewide Election - Statement of Vote, October 7, 2003 from the California Secretary of State Davis Recall – Costa's Group Rescue California – Issa's Group Recall Gray Davis Committee – Kaloogian's Group 2003 California Recall Election Web archive at the California Digital Library Recall information[edit] Gov. Davis Is Recalled; Schwarzenegger Wins Recall foes put tactics online. Petition workers complain of intimidation Recall Drive Halts Collections. Organizers Say They Have Enough Signatures to Force Vote on Davis Davis Recall Qualifies for Fall Ballot Davis' Reelection Team Regroups to Fight Recall Newspaper article with recall history Article 2 of the California state constitution governs initiatives, referenda, and recall California Elections Code, ss. 11381–11386 govern the conduct of recall elections v t e Elections in California General 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2005 2006 2008 (Feb, Jun, Nov) 2009 2010 (Jun, Nov) 2012 (Jun, Nov) 2014 2016 (Jun, Nov) Governor 1849 1851 1853 1855 1857 1859 1861 1863 1867 1871 1875 1879 1882 1886 1890 1894 1898 1902 1906 1910 1914 1918 1922 1926 1930 1934 1938 1942 1946 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2003 recall 2006 2010 2014 2018 Mayoral Los Angeles 1896 1898 1900 1902 1904 1906 1909 (M) 1909 (N) 1911 1913 1915 1917 1919 1921 1925 1929 1933 1937 1941 1945 1949 1953 1957 1961 1965 1969 1973 1977 1981 1985 1989 1993 1997 2001 2005 2009 2013 2017 San Diego 1889 1891 1893 1895 1897 1899 1901 1903 1905 1907 1909 1911 1913 1915 1917 1919 1921 1923 1925 1927 1929 1931 1932 1935 1939 1943 1947 1951 1955 1959 1963 1967 1971 1975 1979 1983* 1984 1986* 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2005* 2008 2012 2013-2014* 2016 San Francisco 1943 1947 1951 1955 1959 1963 1967 1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007 2011 2015 2018 State Senate At-Large 1864 1866 1868 1870 1872 1874 1876 1878 1880 1882 1884 1886 1888 1890 1892 1894 1896 1898 1900 1902 1904 1906 1908 1910 1912 1914 1916 1918 1920 1922 1924 1926 1928 1930 1932 1934 1936 1938 1940 1942 1944 1946 1948 1950 1952 1954 1956 1958 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 Special State Assembly At-Large 1864 1866 1868 1870 1872 1874 1876 1878 1880 1882 1884 1886 1888 1890 1892 1894 1896 1898 1900 1902 1904 1906 1908 1910 1912 1914 1916 1918 1920 1922 1924 1926 1928 1930 1932 1934 1936 1938 1940 1942 1944 1946 1948 1950 1952 1954 1956 1958 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 Special U.S. President 1852 1856 1860 1864 1868 1872 1876 1880 1884 1888 1892 1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1916 1920 1924 1928 1932 1936 1940 1944 1948 1952 1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016 U.S. Senate Class 1: 1849 1850 1852* 1856 1860* 1862 1868 1873* 1874 1880 1886* 1886 1890* 1892 1900* 1904 1910 1916 1922 1928 1934 1940 1946* 1946 1952 1958 1964 1970 1976 1982 1988 1992* 1994 2000 2006 2012 2018 Class 3: 1849 1854 1857* 1860 1866 1872 1878 1884 1890 1896 1902 1908 1914 1920 1926 1932 1938 1944 1950 1954* 1956 1962 1968 1974 1980 1986 1992 1998 2004 2010 2016 U.S. House 1849 1851 1854 1856 1859 1861 1863 1864 1867 1868 1871 1872 1875 1876 1879 1880 1882 1884 1886 1888 1890 1892 1894 1896 1898 1900 1902 1904 1906 1908 1910 1912 1914 1916 1918 1920 1922 1924 1926 1928 1930 1932 1934 1936 1938 1940 1942 1944 1946 (12th) 1948 1950 1952 1954 1956 1958 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 (9th* 23rd* 44th*) 2000 2002 2004 2005 (5th*, 48th*) 2006 (4th, 11th, 50th*) 2007 (37th*) 2008 (12th*) 2009 (10th*, 32nd*) 2010 2011 (36th*) 2012 2014 2016 2018 Special *Special election v t e (2002 ←) 2003 United States elections (→ 2004) U.S. House Hawaii 2nd Texas 19th Governors California Kentucky Louisiana Mississippi States and Territories Kentucky Louisiana Mississippi New Jersey Virginia Northern Mariana Islands Mayors Baltimore, MD Charlotte, NC Houston, TX Indianapolis, IN Jacksonville, FL Knoxville, TN Memphis, TN Montgomery, AL Nashville, TN Philadelphia, PA Phoenix, AZ Raleigh, NC San Francisco, CA v t e Arnold Schwarzenegger Bodybuilding career Mr. Olympia Acting career Filmography Awards Political career California gubernatorial recall election California gubernatorial election, 2006 Tenure as Governor of California Girlie men Business career Planet Hollywood Family Gustav Schwarzenegger (father) Maria Shriver (wife) Katherine Schwarzenegger (daughter) Patrick Schwarzenegger (son) See also: Arnold Classic Arnold Sports Festival Agra schwarzeneggeri Richardson v Schwarzenegger Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=California_gubernatorial_recall_election&oldid=806978856" Categories: California elections, 2003California gubernatorial electionsUnited States gubernatorial elections, 2003Recall elections in the United StatesOctober 2003 eventsHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksCS1 maint: Extra text: authors listPages using deprecated image syntaxArticles needing additional references from October 2012All articles needing additional referencesAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from July 2010All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrasesArticles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2010Articles with unsourced statements from January 2009Articles with unsourced statements from January 2008Articles with unsourced statements from August 2008Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007


Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages EspañolItalianoPortuguês Edit links This page was last edited on 25 October 2017, at 06:08. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.808","walltime":"0.952","ppvisitednodes":{"value":6840,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":462718,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":13696,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":13,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":15,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 604.262 1 -total"," 31.17% 188.337 1 Template:Reflist"," 26.57% 160.578 1 Template:Infobox_election"," 22.81% 137.857 1 Template:Infobox"," 17.77% 107.399 14 Template:Fix"," 11.44% 69.149 3 Template:Infobox_election/row"," 11.13% 67.258 7 Template:Citation_needed"," 10.92% 65.990 14 Template:Delink"," 9.07% 54.828 13 Template:Cite_web"," 9.01% 54.470 7 Template:Who"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.290","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":6225094,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1333","timestamp":"20180218105046","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":72,"wgHostname":"mw1324"});});


California_recall_election,_2003 - Photos and All Basic Informations

California_recall_election,_2003 More Links

CaliforniaCalifornia Gubernatorial Election, 2002California Gubernatorial Election, 2006Arnold SchwarzeneggerCruz BustamanteTom McClintockRepublican Party (United States)Democratic Party (United States)Republican Party (United States)Gray DavisCalifornia Democratic PartyArnold SchwarzeneggerCalifornia Republican PartyElections In CaliforniaFederal Government Of The United StatesUnited States Presidential ElectionUnited States Presidential Election In California, 1852United States Presidential Election In California, 1856United States Presidential Election In California, 1860United States Presidential Election In California, 1864United States Presidential Election In California, 1868United States Presidential Election In California, 1872United States Presidential Election In California, 1876United States Presidential Election In California, 1880United States Presidential Election In California, 1884United States Presidential Election In California, 1888United States Presidential Election In California, 1892United States Presidential Election In California, 1896United States Presidential Election In California, 1900United States Presidential Election In California, 1904United States Presidential Election In California, 1908United States Presidential Election In California, 1912United States Presidential Election In California, 1916United States Presidential Election In California, 1920United States Presidential Election In California, 1924United States Presidential Election In California, 1928United States Presidential Election In California, 1932United States Presidential Election In California, 1936United States Presidential Election In California, 1940United States Presidential Election In California, 1944United States Presidential Election In California, 1948United States Presidential Election In California, 1952United States Presidential Election In California, 1956United States Presidential Election In California, 1960United States Presidential Election In California, 1964United States Presidential Election In California, 1968United States Presidential Election In California, 1972United States Presidential Election In California, 1976United States Presidential Election In California, 1980United States Presidential Election In California, 1984United States Presidential Election In California, 1988United States Presidential Election In California, 1992United States Presidential Election In California, 1996United States Presidential Election In California, 2000United States Presidential Election In California, 2004United States Presidential Election In California, 2008United States Presidential Election In California, 2012United States Presidential Election In California, 2016Democratic Party Presidential PrimariesCalifornia Democratic Primary, 2000California Democratic Primary, 2004California Democratic Primary, 2008California Democratic Primary, 2016Republican Party Presidential PrimariesCalifornia Republican Primary, 2000California Republican Primary, 2004California Republican Primary, 2008California Republican Primary, 2012California Republican Primary, 2016Template:California ElectionsUnited States Senate Election In California, 1950United States Senate Election In California, 1980United States Senate Election In California, 1982United States Senate Election In California, 1986United States Senate Election In California, 1988United States Senate Election In California, 1992United States Senate Special Election In California, 1992United States Senate Election In California, 1994United States Senate Election In California, 1998United States Senate Election In California, 2000United States Senate Election In California, 2004United States Senate Election In California, 2006United States Senate Election In California, 2010United States Senate Election In California, 2012United States Senate Election In California, 2016United States Senate Election In California, 2018Template:California ElectionsCalifornia's At-large Congressional District ElectionsUnited States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1864United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1866United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1868United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1870United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1872United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1874United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1876United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1878United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1880United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1882United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1884United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1886United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1888United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1890United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1892United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1894United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1896United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1898United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1900United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1902United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1904United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1906United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1908United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1910United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1912United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1914United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1916United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1918United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1920United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1922United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1924United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1926United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1928United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1930United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1932United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1934United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1936United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1938United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1940United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1942United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1944United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1946California's 12th Congressional District Election, 1946United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1948United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1950United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1952United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1954United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1956United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1958United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1960United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1962United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1964United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1966United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1968United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1970United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1972United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1974United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1976United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1978United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1980United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1982United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1984United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1986United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1988United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1990United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1992United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1994United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1996United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1998United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2000United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2002United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2004United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2006California's 11th Congressional District Election, 2006United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2008United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2010United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2012United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2014United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2016United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2018List Of Special Elections To The United States House Of Representatives In CaliforniaCalifornia's 5th Congressional District Special Election, 2005California's 48th Congressional District Special Election, 2005California's 37th Congressional District Special Election, 2007California's 12th Congressional District Special Election, 2008California's 10th Congressional District Special Election, 2009California's 32nd Congressional District Special Election, 2009California's 36th Congressional District Special Election, 2011California's 34th Congressional District Special Election, 2017California Executive BranchTemplate:California ElectionsCalifornia Gubernatorial Election, 1849California Gubernatorial Election, 1851California Gubernatorial Election, 1853California Gubernatorial Election, 1855California Gubernatorial Election, 1857California Gubernatorial Election, 1855California Gubernatorial Election, 1861California Gubernatorial Election, 1863California Gubernatorial Election, 1867California Gubernatorial Election, 1871California Gubernatorial Election, 1875California Gubernatorial Election, 1879California Gubernatorial Election, 1882California Gubernatorial Election, 1886California Gubernatorial Election, 1890California Gubernatorial Election, 1894California Gubernatorial Election, 1898California Gubernatorial Election, 1902California Gubernatorial Election, 1906California Gubernatorial Election, 1910California Gubernatorial Election, 1914California Gubernatorial Election, 1918California Gubernatorial Election, 1922California Gubernatorial Election, 1926California Gubernatorial Election, 1930California Gubernatorial Election, 1934California Gubernatorial Election, 1938California Gubernatorial Election, 1942California Gubernatorial Election, 1946California Gubernatorial Election, 1950California Gubernatorial Election, 1954California Gubernatorial Election, 1958California Gubernatorial Election, 1962California Gubernatorial Election, 1966California Gubernatorial Election, 1970California Gubernatorial Election, 1974California Gubernatorial Election, 1978California Gubernatorial Election, 1982California Gubernatorial Election, 1986California Gubernatorial Election, 1990California Gubernatorial Election, 1994California Gubernatorial Election, 1998California Gubernatorial Election, 2002California Gubernatorial Election, 2006California Gubernatorial Election, 2010California Gubernatorial Election, 2014California Gubernatorial Election, 2018Lieutenant Governor Of CaliforniaCalifornia Lieutenant Gubernatorial Election, 1994California Lieutenant Gubernatorial Election, 1998California Lieutenant Gubernatorial Election, 2002California Lieutenant Gubernatorial Election, 2006California Lieutenant Gubernatorial Election, 2010California Lieutenant Gubernatorial Election, 2014California Lieutenant Gubernatorial Election, 2018California Attorney GeneralCalifornia Attorney General Election, 1994California Attorney General Election, 1998California Attorney General Election, 2002California Attorney General Election, 2006California Attorney General Election, 2010California Attorney General Election, 2014California Attorney General Election, 2018Secretary Of State Of CaliforniaCalifornia Secretary Of State Election, 1994California Secretary Of State Election, 1998California Secretary Of State Election, 2002California Secretary Of State Election, 2006California Secretary Of State Election, 2010California Secretary Of State Election, 2014California State TreasurerCalifornia State Treasurer Election, 1994California State Treasurer Election, 1998California State Treasurer Election, 2002California State Treasurer Election, 2006California State Treasurer Election, 2010California State Treasurer Election, 2014California State Treasurer Election, 2018California State ControllerCalifornia State Controller Election, 1994California State Controller Election, 1998California State Controller Election, 2002California State Controller Election, 2006California State Controller Election, 2010California State Controller Election, 2014California State Controller Election, 2018California Insurance CommissionerCalifornia Insurance Commissioner Election, 1994California Insurance Commissioner Election, 1998California Insurance Commissioner Election, 2002California Insurance Commissioner Election, 2006California Insurance Commissioner Election, 2010California Insurance Commissioner Election, 2014California Insurance Commissioner Election, 2018California Department Of EducationCalifornia Superintendent Of Public Instruction Election, 1994California Superintendent Of Public Instruction Election, 1998California Superintendent Of Public Instruction Election, 2002California Superintendent Of Public Instruction Election, 2006California Superintendent Of Public Instruction Election, 2010California Superintendent Of Public Instruction Election, 2014California Superintendent Of Public Instruction Election, 2018California State LegislatureCalifornia State SenateCalifornia State Senate Election, 1990California State Senate Election, 1992California State Senate Election, 1994California State Senate Election, 1996California State Senate Election, 1998California State Senate Election, 2000California State Senate Election, 2002California State Senate Election, 2004California State Senate Election, 2006California State Senate Election, 2008California State Senate Election, 2010California State Senate Election, 2012California State Senate Election, 2014California State Senate Election, 2016California State Senate Election, 2018List Of Special Elections To The California State SenateCalifornia State AssemblyCalifornia State Assembly Election, 1992California State Assembly Election, 1994California State Assembly Election, 1996California State Assembly Election, 1998California State Assembly Election, 2000California State Assembly Election, 2002California State Assembly Election, 2004California State Assembly Election, 2006California State Assembly Election, 2008California State Assembly Election, 2010California State Assembly Election, 2012California State Assembly Election, 2014California State Assembly Election, 2016California State Assembly Election, 2018List Of Special Elections To The California State AssemblyGovernment Of CaliforniaCalifornia Court Of AppealsCalifornia Courts Of Appeal Election, 1994California Courts Of Appeal Election, 1998California Courts Of Appeal Election, 2002California Courts Of Appeal Election, 2006California Ballot PropositionCalifornia Proposition 4 (1911)California Proposition 7 (1911)California Proposition 8 (1911)California Proposition 14 (1964)List Of California Ballot Propositions 1970–79California Proposition 11 (1972)California Proposition 17 (1972)California Proposition 8 (November 1978)California Proposition 13 (1978)Briggs InitiativeList Of California Ballot Propositions 1980–89California Proposition 8 (1982)California Proposition 64 (1986)California Proposition 65 (1986)California Proposition 98 (1988)California Proposition 99 (1988)List Of California Ballot Propositions 1990–99California Proposition 187California Proposition 196 (1996)California Proposition 209California Proposition 215 (1996)California Proposition 218 (1996)California Proposition 6 (1998)California Proposition 10 (1998)California Proposition 227 (1998)List Of California Ballot Propositions 2000–09California Proposition 21 (2000)California Proposition 22 (2000)California Proposition 36 (2000)California Proposition 39 (2000)California Proposition 53 (2003)California Proposition 54 (2003)California Proposition 1A (2004)California Proposition 55 (2004)California Proposition 56 (2004)California Proposition 57 (2004)California Proposition 58 (2004)California Proposition 59 (2004)California Proposition 60 (2004)California Proposition 60A (2004)California Proposition 61 (2004)California Proposition 62 (2004)California Proposition 63 (2004)California Proposition 64 (2004)California Proposition 65 (2004)California Proposition 66 (2004)California Proposition 69 (2004)California Proposition 71 (2004)California Proposition 73 (2005)California Proposition 74 (2005)California Proposition 75 (2005)California Proposition 76 (2005)California Proposition 77 (2005)California Proposition 78 (2005)California Proposition 79 (2005)California Proposition 80 (2005)California Proposition 81 (2006)California Proposition 82 (2006)California Proposition 83 (2006)California Proposition 85 (2006)California Proposition 87 (2006)California Proposition 89 (2006)California Proposition 90 (2006)California Proposition 91 (2008)California Proposition 92 (2008)California Proposition 93 (2008)California Propositions 94, 95, 96, And 97 (2008)California Propositions 98 And 99 (2008)California Proposition 1A (2008)California Proposition 2 (2008)California Proposition 3 (2008)California Proposition 4 (2008)California Proposition 5 (2008)California Proposition 6 (2008)California Proposition 7 (2008)California Proposition 8 (2008)California Proposition 9 (2008)California Proposition 10 (2008)California Proposition 11 (2008)California Proposition 12 (2008)California Proposition 1A (2009)California Proposition 1B (2009)California Proposition 1C (2009)California Proposition 1D (2009)California Proposition 1E (2009)California Proposition 1F (2009)List Of California Ballot Propositions 2010–19California Proposition 13 (2010)California Proposition 14 (2010)California Proposition 15 (2010)California Proposition 16 (2010)California Proposition 17 (2010)California Proposition 19 (2010)California Proposition 20 (2010)California Proposition 21 (2010)California Proposition 22 (2010)California Proposition 23 (2010)California Proposition 24 (2010)California Proposition 25 (2010)California Proposition 26 (2010)California Proposition 27 (2010)California Proposition 29, 2012California Proposition 30, 2012California Proposition 32, 2012California Proposition 34, 2012California Proposition 37, 2012California Proposition 38, 2012California Proposition 39, 2012California Proposition 51 (2016)California Proposition 52 (2016)California Proposition 53 (2016)California Proposition 54 (2016)California Proposition 55 (2016)California Proposition 56 (2016)California Proposition 57 (2016)California Proposition 58 (2016)California Proposition 59 (2016)California Proposition 60 (2016)California Proposition 61 (2016)California Proposition 62 (2016)California Proposition 63 (2016)Adult Use Of Marijuana ActCalifornia Proposition 65 (2016)California Proposition 66 (2016)California Proposition 67 (2016)List Of California Ballot PropositionsCalifornia Elections, 1992California Elections, 1994California Elections, 1996California Elections, 1998California Elections, 2000California Elections, 2002California Elections, 2004California Special Election, 2005California Elections, 2006California Elections, February 2008California Elections, June 2008California Elections, November 2008California Elections, 2009California Elections, June 2010California Elections, November 2010California Elections, June 2012California Elections, November 2012California Elections, 2014California Elections, June 2016Los AngelesMayor Of Los AngelesLos Angeles Mayoral Election, 1896Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1898Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1900Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1902Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1904Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1906Los Angeles Mayoral Election, March 1909Los Angeles Mayoral Election, November 1909Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1911Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1913Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1915Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1917Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1919Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1921Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1923Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1925Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1929Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1933Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1937Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1938Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1941Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1945Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1949Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1953Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1957Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1961Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1965Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1969Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1973Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1977Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1981Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1985Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1989Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1993Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1997Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 2001Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 2005Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 2009Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 2013Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 2017List Of Los Angeles Municipal Election ReturnsLos Angeles Election, 2009Los Angeles Election, 2011Los Angeles City AttorneyLos Angeles City Attorney Election, 2009Los Angeles County Board Of SupervisorsLos Angeles County Board Of Supervisors Election, 1980Los Angeles County Board Of Supervisors Election, 1996Los Angeles County Board Of Supervisors Election, 2006Los Angeles County Board Of Supervisors Election, 2008Los Angeles County Board Of Supervisors Election, 2010Los Angeles County Board Of Supervisors Election, 2012San DiegoMayor Of San DiegoSan Diego Mayoral Election, 1887San Diego Mayoral Election, 1889San Diego Mayoral Election, 1891San Diego Mayoral Election, 1893San Diego Mayoral Election, 1895San Diego Mayoral Election, 1897San Diego Mayoral Election, 1899San Diego Mayoral Election, 1901San Diego Mayoral Election, 1903San Diego Mayoral Election, 1905San Diego Mayoral Election, 1907San Diego Mayoral Election, 1909San Diego Mayoral Election, 1911San Diego Mayoral Election, 1913San Diego Mayoral Election, 1915San Diego Mayoral Election, 1917San Diego Mayoral Election, 1919San Diego Mayoral Election, 1921San Diego Mayoral Election, 1923San Diego Mayoral Election, 1925San Diego Mayoral Election, 1927San Diego Mayoral Election, 1929San Diego Mayoral Election, 1931San Diego Mayoral Election, 1932San Diego Mayoral Election, 1935San Diego Mayoral Election, 1939San Diego Mayoral Election, 1943San Diego Mayoral Election, 1947San Diego Mayoral Election, 1951San Diego Mayoral Election, 1955San Diego Mayoral Election, 1959San Diego Mayoral Election, 1963San Diego Mayoral Election, 1967San Diego Mayoral Election, 1971San Diego Mayoral Election, 1975San Diego Mayoral Election, 1979San Diego Mayoral Special Election, 1983San Diego Mayoral Election, 1984San Diego Mayoral Special Election, 1986San Diego Mayoral Election, 1988San Diego Mayoral Election, 1992San Diego Mayoral Election, 1996San Diego Mayoral Election, 2000San Diego Mayoral Election, 2004San Diego Mayoral Special Election, 2005San Diego Mayoral Election, 2008San Diego Mayoral Election, 2012San Diego Mayoral Special Election, 2013–2014San Diego Mayoral Election, 2016San Diego City CouncilSan Diego City Council Election, 2002San Diego City Council Election, 2004San Diego City Council Election, 2006San Diego City Council Election, 2008San Diego City Council Election, 2010San Diego City Council Election, 2012San Diego City Council Election, 2014San Diego City Council Election, 2016San Diego City AttorneySan Diego City Attorney Election, 2004San Diego City Attorney Election, 2008San Diego City Attorney Election, 2016San Diego Primary Election, 2010San Diego General Election, 2010San Diego Primary Election, 2012San Diego General Election, 2012San Diego Primary Election, 2014San Diego General Election, 2014San Diego Primary Election, 2016San Diego General Election, 2016Government Of San FranciscoMayor Of San FranciscoSan Francisco Mayoral Election, 1975San Francisco Mayoral Election, 1979San Francisco Mayoral Election, 1983San Francisco Mayoral Election, 1987San Francisco Mayoral Election, 1991San Francisco Mayoral Election, 1995San Francisco Mayoral Election, 1999San Francisco Mayoral Election, 2003San Francisco Mayoral Election, 2007San Francisco Mayoral Election, 2011San Francisco Mayoral Election, 2015San Francisco Mayoral Election, 2018San Francisco Board Of SupervisorsSan Francisco Board Of Supervisors Election, 1977San Francisco Board Of Supervisors Election, 1996San Francisco Board Of Supervisors Election, 1998San Francisco Board Of Supervisors Election, 2000San Francisco Board Of Supervisors Election, 2002San Francisco Board Of Supervisors Election, 2004San Francisco Board Of Supervisors Election, 2006San Francisco Board Of Supervisors Election, 2008San Francisco Board Of Supervisors Election, 2010San Francisco Board Of Supervisors Election, 2012San Francisco Board Of Supervisors Election, 2014San Francisco Board Of Supervisors Election, 2016San Francisco Board Of Supervisors Election, 2018San Francisco General Election, March 2004San Francisco General Election, November 2004San Francisco General Election, November 2005San Francisco General Election, June 2006San Francisco General Election, November 2006San Francisco General Election, November 2007San Francisco General Election, February 2008San Francisco General Election, June 2008San Francisco General Election, November 2008San Francisco General Election, November 2009San Francisco General Election, June 2010San Francisco General Election, November 2010San Francisco General Election, November 2011San Francisco General Election, June 2012San Francisco General Election, November 2012San Francisco General Election, November 2013San Jose, CaliforniaList Of Mayors Of San Jose, CaliforniaSan Jose Mayoral Election, 2014Template:Elections In CaliforniaTemplate Talk:Elections In CaliforniaElectionCalifornia State LawDemocratic Party (United States)Governor Of CaliforniaGray DavisRepublican Party (United States)Arnold SchwarzeneggerTerm Limits In The United StatesPat BrownRonald ReaganJerry BrownPete WilsonRecall ElectionNorth Dakota Recall Election, 1921Lynn FrazierArizonaEvan MechamImpeachmentWisconsin Gubernatorial Recall ElectionProgressive EraInitiativeReferendumHiram JohnsonImpeachmentRonald ReaganGray DavisCalifornia Proposition 187 (1994)North DakotaLynn Frazier1921 North Dakota RecallRagnvald A. NestosEnlargeCalifornia Secretary Of StateGray DavisHoward KaloogianDarrell IssaLieutenant Governor Of CaliforniaCruz BustamanteCalifornia Electricity CrisisArianna HuffingtonCampaign ContributionWikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Maintenance Template RemovalEconomic BubbleDot-com BubbleSilicon ValleyInternet EconomyCalifornia Electricity CrisisRolling BlackoutRepublican Party (United States)EconomistsGeorge W. BushAccounting ScandalsTexasBudgetWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Words To WatchWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Words To WatchWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Words To WatchWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Words To WatchTaxWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Words To WatchImmigrationCalifornia Proposition 187 (1994)Illegal ImmigrantWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Words To WatchWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Words To WatchPerfect StormWikipedia:Citation NeededLandslide VictoryCalifornia Electricity CrisisOracle CorporationCalifornia Secretary Of StateBill Jones (California Politician)Los Angeles, CaliforniaRichard RiordanBill Simon (politician)Wikipedia:Citation NeededField PollPetitionSal RussoHoward KaloogianMove America ForwardU.S. Democratic Party Presidential Primary, 2004Darrell IssaSan Diego, CaliforniaCalifornia Secretary Of StateKevin ShelleyHistory Of CaliforniaCalifornia State UniversityWikipedia:Citation NeededCelebrityCruz BustamantePeter CamejoGreen Party Of CaliforniaTom McClintockCalifornia State SenateArnold SchwarzeneggerHollywoodEnlargeCalifornia State AssemblyYes-no QuestionPlurality (voting)Secretary Of State Of CaliforniaUnited States SenateDianne FeinsteinMayorMayor Of San FranciscoSan Francisco ChronicleMayorRichard RiordanThe Tonight ShowJohn GaramendiPeter CamejoPeter UeberrothGame Show NetworkGary ColemanMary Carey (actress)Bill Simon (politician)Major League BaseballLos Angeles, CaliforniaOlympic CommitteePeter UeberrothEnlargeCalifornia State University, SacramentoHollywoodThe Running Man (1987 Film)Total Recall (1990 Film)Predator (film)Larry King LiveJudgeConstitution Of The United StatesKevin ShelleySan Jose, CaliforniaMonterey County, CaliforniaCounty (United States)Voting Rights ActLos Angeles, CaliforniaAmerican Civil Liberties UnionHanging ChadLos Angeles County, CaliforniaMendocino County, CaliforniaSacramento County, CaliforniaSan Diego County, CaliforniaSanta Clara County, CaliforniaSolano County, CaliforniaUnited States Court Of Appeals For The Ninth CircuitEqual ProtectionSupreme Court Of The United StatesNinth U.S. Circuit Court Of AppealsWikipedia:Citation NeededMedia CircusTotal Recall (1990 Film)Wikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Citation NeededBallotGray DavisRecall ElectionPlurality (voting)Green Party Of CaliforniaPeter CamejoList Of California CountiesCanvassAbsentee BallotCalifornia Republican PartyArnold SchwarzeneggerCalifornia Democratic PartyCruz BustamanteCalifornia Republican PartyTom McClintockGreen Party Of CaliforniaPeter CamejoIndependent PoliticianArianna HuffingtonWrite-inCalifornia Republican PartyPeter UeberrothCalifornia Democratic PartyLarry FlyntIndependent PoliticianGary ColemanIndependent PoliticianIndependent PoliticianMary Carey (actress)California Democratic PartyBruce MargolinCalifornia Republican PartyBill Simon (politician)California Republican PartyVan VoIndependent PoliticianSocialist Equality Party (United States)California Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianGallagher (comedian)California Republican PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Democratic PartyAudie BockCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyGarrett GruenerIndependent PoliticianAngelyneCalifornia Democratic PartyGreen Party Of CaliforniaCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianLibertarian Party Of CaliforniaCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianJack GrishamCalifornia Democratic PartyGreen Party Of CaliforniaLibertarian Party Of CaliforniaCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Republican PartyIndependent PoliticianIndependent PoliticianIndependent PoliticianLibertarian Party Of CaliforniaCalifornia Democratic PartyPeace And Freedom PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianLeonard PadillaNatural Law Party (United States)Green Party Of CaliforniaIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Republican PartyNatural Law Party (United States)American Independent PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianAmerican Independent PartyDiane Beall TemplinCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Republican PartyIndependent PoliticianSocialist Workers Party (United States)California Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyRobert CullenbineCalifornia Democratic PartyWarren FarrellCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyBill PradyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Republican PartyIndependent PoliticianIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Republican PartyIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyLogan ClementsCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Republican PartyIndependent PoliticianIndependent PoliticianWrite-in CandidateCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianIndependent PoliticianIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Republican PartyJim TrentonCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Republican PartyJacques-André IstelCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyIndependent PoliticianIndependent PoliticianCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Democratic PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Republican PartyCalifornia Democratic PartySan Bernardino County, CaliforniaNorth Dakota Gubernatorial Recall ElectionRowman & LittlefieldInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780742538719National Conference Of State LegislaturesUniversity Of CaliforniaConstitution Of CaliforniaCalifornia Elections CodeWayback MachineNew York TimesCNNInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-8204-6831-2Category:CS1 Maint: Extra Text: Authors ListCalifornia Secretary Of StateCalifornia Secretary Of StateCalifornia Secretary Of StateSan Francisco ChronicleTemplate:California ElectionsTemplate Talk:California ElectionsElections In CaliforniaCalifornia Elections, 1992California Elections, 1994California Elections, 1996California Elections, 1998California Elections, 2000California Elections, 2002California Elections, 2004California Special Election, 2005California Elections, 2006California Elections, February 2008California Elections, June 2008California Elections, November 2008California Elections, 2009California Elections, June 2010California Elections, November 2010California Elections, June 2012California Elections, November 2012California Elections, 2014California Elections, June 2016Governor Of CaliforniaCalifornia Gubernatorial Election, 1849California Gubernatorial Election, 1851California Gubernatorial Election, 1853California Gubernatorial Election, 1855California Gubernatorial Election, 1857California Gubernatorial Election, 1859California Gubernatorial Election, 1861California Gubernatorial Election, 1863California Gubernatorial Election, 1867California Gubernatorial Election, 1871California Gubernatorial Election, 1875California Gubernatorial Election, 1879California Gubernatorial Election, 1882California Gubernatorial Election, 1886California Gubernatorial Election, 1890California Gubernatorial Election, 1894California Gubernatorial Election, 1898California Gubernatorial Election, 1902California Gubernatorial Election, 1906California Gubernatorial Election, 1910California Gubernatorial Election, 1914California Gubernatorial Election, 1918California Gubernatorial Election, 1922California Gubernatorial Election, 1926California Gubernatorial Election, 1930California Gubernatorial Election, 1934California Gubernatorial Election, 1938California Gubernatorial Election, 1942California Gubernatorial Election, 1946California Gubernatorial Election, 1950California Gubernatorial Election, 1954California Gubernatorial Election, 1958California Gubernatorial Election, 1962California Gubernatorial Election, 1966California Gubernatorial Election, 1970California Gubernatorial Election, 1974California Gubernatorial Election, 1978California Gubernatorial Election, 1982California Gubernatorial Election, 1986California Gubernatorial Election, 1990California Gubernatorial Election, 1994California Gubernatorial Election, 1998California Gubernatorial Election, 2002California Gubernatorial Election, 2006California Gubernatorial Election, 2010California Gubernatorial Election, 2014California Gubernatorial Election, 2018Mayor Of Los AngelesLos Angeles Mayoral Election, 1896Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1898Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1900Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1902Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1904Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1906Los Angeles Mayoral Election, March 1909Los Angeles Mayoral Election, November 1909Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1911Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1913Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1915Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1917Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1919Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1921Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1925Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1929Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1933Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1937Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1941Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1945Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1949Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1953Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1957Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1961Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1965Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1969Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1973Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1977Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1981Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1985Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1989Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1993Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 1997Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 2001Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 2005Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 2009Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 2013Los Angeles Mayoral Election, 2017Mayor Of San DiegoSan Diego Mayoral Election, 1889San Diego Mayoral Election, 1891San Diego Mayoral Election, 1893San Diego Mayoral Election, 1895San Diego Mayoral Election, 1897San Diego Mayoral Election, 1899San Diego Mayoral Election, 1901San Diego Mayoral Election, 1903San Diego Mayoral Election, 1905San Diego Mayoral Election, 1907San Diego Mayoral Election, 1909San Diego Mayoral Election, 1911San Diego Mayoral Election, 1913San Diego Mayoral Election, 1915San Diego Mayoral Election, 1917San Diego Mayoral Election, 1919San Diego Mayoral Election, 1921San Diego Mayoral Election, 1923San Diego Mayoral Election, 1925San Diego Mayoral Election, 1927San Diego Mayoral Election, 1929San Diego Mayoral Election, 1931San Diego Mayoral Election, 1932San Diego Mayoral Election, 1935San Diego Mayoral Election, 1939San Diego Mayoral Election, 1943San Diego Mayoral Election, 1947San Diego Mayoral Election, 1951San Diego Mayoral Election, 1955San Diego Mayoral Election, 1959San Diego Mayoral Election, 1963San Diego Mayoral Election, 1967San Diego Mayoral Election, 1971San Diego Mayoral Election, 1975San Diego Mayoral Election, 1979San Diego Mayoral Special Election, 1983San Diego Mayoral Election, 1984San Diego Mayoral Special Election, 1986San Diego Mayoral Election, 1988San Diego Mayoral Election, 1992San Diego Mayoral Election, 1996San Diego Mayoral Election, 2000San Diego Mayoral Election, 2004San Diego Mayoral Election, 2005San Diego Mayoral Election, 2008San Diego Mayoral Election, 2012San Diego Mayoral Special Election, 2013–2014San Diego Mayoral Election, 2016Mayor Of San FranciscoSan Francisco Mayoral Election, 1975San Francisco Mayoral Election, 1979San Francisco Mayoral Election, 1983San Francisco Mayoral Election, 1987San Francisco Mayoral Election, 1991San Francisco Mayoral Election, 1995San Francisco Mayoral Election, 1999San Francisco Mayoral Election, 2003San Francisco Mayoral Election, 2007San Francisco Mayoral Election, 2011San Francisco Mayoral Election, 2015San Francisco Mayoral Special Election, 2018California State SenateCalifornia State Senate Election, 1988California State Senate Election, 1990California State Senate Election, 1992California State Senate Election, 1994California State Senate Election, 1996California State Senate Election, 1998California State Senate Election, 2000California State Senate Election, 2002California State Senate Election, 2004California State Senate Election, 2006California State Senate Election, 2008California State Senate Election, 2010California State Senate Election, 2012California State Senate Election, 2014California State Senate Election, 2016California State Senate Election, 2018List Of Special Elections To The California State SenateCalifornia State AssemblyCalifornia State Assembly Election, 1992California State Assembly Election, 1994California State Assembly Election, 1996California State Assembly Election, 1998California State Assembly Election, 2000California State Assembly Election, 2002California State Assembly Election, 2004California State Assembly Election, 2006California State Assembly Election, 2008California State Assembly Election, 2010California State Assembly Election, 2012California State Assembly Election, 2014California State Assembly Election, 2016California State Assembly Election, 2018List Of Special Elections To The California State AssemblyPresident Of The United StatesUnited States Presidential Election In California, 1852United States Presidential Election In California, 1856United States Presidential Election In California, 1860United States Presidential Election In California, 1864United States Presidential Election In California, 1868United States Presidential Election In California, 1872United States Presidential Election In California, 1876United States Presidential Election In California, 1880United States Presidential Election In California, 1884United States Presidential Election In California, 1888United States Presidential Election In California, 1892United States Presidential Election In California, 1896United States Presidential Election In California, 1900United States Presidential Election In California, 1904United States Presidential Election In California, 1908United States Presidential Election In California, 1912United States Presidential Election In California, 1916United States Presidential Election In California, 1920United States Presidential Election In California, 1924United States Presidential Election In California, 1928United States Presidential Election In California, 1932United States Presidential Election In California, 1936United States Presidential Election In California, 1940United States Presidential Election In California, 1944United States Presidential Election In California, 1948United States Presidential Election In California, 1952United States Presidential Election In California, 1956United States Presidential Election In California, 1960United States Presidential Election In California, 1964United States Presidential Election In California, 1968United States Presidential Election In California, 1972United States Presidential Election In California, 1976United States Presidential Election In California, 1980United States Presidential Election In California, 1984United States Presidential Election In California, 1988United States Presidential Election In California, 1992United States Presidential Election In California, 1996United States Presidential Election In California, 2000United States Presidential Election In California, 2004United States Presidential Election In California, 2008United States Presidential Election In California, 2012United States Presidential Election In California, 2016List Of United States Senators From CaliforniaUnited States Senate Elections In California, 1849United States Senate Special Election In California, 1852United States Senate Election In California, 1856United States Senate Special Election In California, 1860United States Senate Election In California, 1868United States Senate Special Election In California, 1873United States Senate Election In California, 1874United States Senate Election In California, 1880United States Senate Special Election In California, 1886United States Senate Special Election In California, 1900United States Senate Election In California, 1916United States Senate Election In California, 1922United States Senate Election In California, 1928United States Senate Election In California, 1934United States Senate Election In California, 1940United States Senate Special Election In California, 1946United States Senate Election In California, 1946United States Senate Election In California, 1952United States Senate Election In California, 1958United States Senate Election In California, 1964United States Senate Election In California, 1970United States Senate Election In California, 1976United States Senate Election In California, 1982United States Senate Election In California, 1988United States Senate Special Election In California, 1992United States Senate Election In California, 1994United States Senate Election In California, 2000United States Senate Election In California, 2006United States Senate Election In California, 2012United States Senate Election In California, 2018United States Senate Elections In California, 1849United States Senate Special Election In California, 1857United States Senate Election In California, 1860United States Senate Election In California, 1872United States Senate Election In California, 1878United States Senate Election In California, 1890United States Senate Election In California, 1914United States Senate Election In California, 1920United States Senate Election In California, 1926United States Senate Election In California, 1932United States Senate Election In California, 1938United States Senate Election In California, 1944United States Senate Election In California, 1950United States Senate Special Election In California, 1954United States Senate Election In California, 1956United States Senate Election In California, 1962United States Senate Election In California, 1968United States Senate Election In California, 1974United States Senate Election In California, 1980United States Senate Election In California, 1986United States Senate Election In California, 1992United States Senate Election In California, 1998United States Senate Election In California, 2004United States Senate Election In California, 2010United States Senate Election In California, 2016United States House Of Representatives Elections In CaliforniaUnited States House Of Representatives Election In California, 1849United States House Of Representatives Election In California, 1851United States House Of Representatives Election In California, 1854United States House Of Representatives Election In California, 1856United States House Of Representatives Election In California, 1859United States House Of Representatives Election In California, 1861United States House Of Representatives Election In California, 1863United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1864United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1867United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1868United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1871United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1872United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1875United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1876United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1879United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1880United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1882United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1884United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1886United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1888United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1890United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1892United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1894United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1896United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1898United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1900United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1902United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1904United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1906United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1908United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1910United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1912United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1914United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1916United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1918United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1920United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1922United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1924United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1926United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1928United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1930United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1932United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1934United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1936United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1938United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1940United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1942United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1944United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1946California's 12th Congressional District Election, 1946United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1948United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1950United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1952United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1954United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1956United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1958United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1960United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1962United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1964United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1966United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1968United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1970United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1972United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1974United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1976United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1978United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1980United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1982United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1984United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1986United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1988United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1990United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1992United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1994United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1996United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 1998California's 9th Congressional District Special Election, 1998California's 23rd Congressional District Special Election, 1998California's 44th Congressional District Special Election, 1998United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2000United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2002United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2004California's 5th Congressional District Special Election, 2005California's 48th Congressional District Special Election, 2005United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2006California's 4th Congressional District Election, 2006California's 11th Congressional District Election, 2006California's 50th Congressional District Special Election, 2006California's 37th Congressional District Special Election, 2007United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2008California's 12th Congressional District Special Election, 2008California's 10th Congressional District Special Election, 2009California's 32nd Congressional District Special Election, 2009United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2010California's 36th Congressional District Special Election, 2011United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2012United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2014United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2016United States House Of Representatives Elections In California, 2018List Of Special Elections In California To The United States House Of RepresentativesTemplate:United States Elections, 2003Template Talk:United States Elections, 2003United States Elections, 2002United States Elections, 2003United States Elections, 2004United States House Of Representatives Special Elections, 2003Hawaii's 2nd Congressional District Special Elections, 2002-2003Texas's 19th Congressional District Special Election, 2003United States Gubernatorial Elections, 2003California Gubernatorial Recall Election, 2003Kentucky Gubernatorial Election, 2003Louisiana Gubernatorial Election, 2003Mississippi Gubernatorial Election, 2003Mississippi General Election, 2003Virginia State Elections, 2003Charlotte Mayoral Election, 2003Houston Mayoral Election, 2003Jacksonville Mayoral Election, 2003Philadelphia Mayoral Election, 2003Raleigh Mayoral Election, 2003San Francisco Mayoral Election, 2003Template:Arnold SchwarzeneggerTemplate Talk:Arnold SchwarzeneggerArnold SchwarzeneggerBodybuilding Competitions Featuring Arnold SchwarzeneggerMr. OlympiaArnold Schwarzenegger FilmographyList Of Awards And Nominations Received By Arnold SchwarzeneggerPolitical Career Of Arnold SchwarzeneggerCalifornia Gubernatorial Election, 2006Arnold SchwarzeneggerGirlie MenPlanet HollywoodGustav SchwarzeneggerMaria ShriverKatherine SchwarzeneggerPatrick SchwarzeneggerArnold ClassicArnold Sports FestivalAgra SchwarzeneggeriRichardson V SchwarzeneggerHelp:CategoryCategory:California Elections, 2003Category:California Gubernatorial ElectionsCategory:United States Gubernatorial Elections, 2003Category:Recall Elections In The United StatesCategory:October 2003 EventsCategory:Webarchive Template Wayback LinksCategory:CS1 Maint: Extra Text: Authors ListCategory:Pages Using Deprecated Image SyntaxCategory:Articles Needing Additional References From October 2012Category:All Articles Needing Additional ReferencesCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From July 2010Category:All Articles With Specifically Marked Weasel-worded PhrasesCategory:Articles With Specifically Marked Weasel-worded Phrases From July 2010Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From January 2009Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From January 2008Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From August 2008Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From February 2007Discussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer



view link view link view link view link view link