History[edit] CTA's Governmental Affairs Office (Sacramento, CA) CTA was founded in 1863, during the Civil War, in response to a call in 1863 from the California Superintendent of Public Instruction, John Swett, for a "teachers' institute", about one hundred teachers gathered in San Francisco, resulting in the formation of the California Educational Society. In 1875, the organization changed its name to the California Teachers Association. CTA won its first major legislative victory in 1866 with a law providing free public schools to California children. A year later, public funding was secured for schools that educated nonwhite students. More early victories established bans on using public school funding for sectarian religious purposes (1878-79); free textbooks for all students in grades 1-8 (1911); the first teacher tenure and due process law (1912); and a statewide pension, the California State Teachers’ Retirement System (1913). CTA led efforts to outlaw child labor in the state and enact other protections for children (1915), and to strengthen the teacher due process law (1921). In the 1940s, the union was the only major organization in California to protest against the internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II. While the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 made collective bargaining a lawful, protected activity in the private sector, it did not include public workers or teachers. Wisconsin passed the nation's first public employee bargaining law (1959), and several large, urban affiliates of NEA or the American Federation of Teachers started winning bargaining rights (New York in 1961, Denver in 1962, Chicago in 1966). After a decade of school strikes and teacher organizing, California K-14 educators at last won the right to bargain collectively in 1975 when the CTA-sponsored Educational Employment Relations Act, also known as the Rodda Act, was signed into law by Gov. Jerry Brown. A turning point in CTA's history came in 1988. That was the year teachers fought to pass Proposition 98, the landmark state law guaranteeing about 40 percent of the state's general fund for schools and community colleges. In 2005, CTA ran numerous ads criticizing Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger for refusing to pay back $2 billion that the Governor had "borrowed" from the education budget. CTA strongly opposed propositions 74, 75, 76, which were advanced by Schwarzenegger. None of the initiatives were approved by voters. CTA also criticized Governor Schwarzenegger for spending nearly $80 million on the special election. CTA strongly opposed Proposition 8 and donated a total of $1.25 million to help fight the measure that would ban gay marriage, stating that the proposition would violate civil rights and that proponents' advertising made false claims about the effect the proposition would have on public school curricula.


References[edit] ^ "About CTA". California Teachers Association. Retrieved 2016-04-06.  ^ Skelton, George (June 27, 2016). "Assemblywoman Bonilla, a former teacher, takes on the powerful union". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 3, 2016.  ^ Editorial Board (June 30, 2016). "A modest teacher tenure bill meets a bipartisan death". The Sacramento Bee. Retrieved October 24, 2016. 


External links[edit] CTA.org - California Teachers Association homepage [1] Secretary of State Campaign Disclosure Organized labour portal Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=California_Teachers_Association&oldid=784157095" Categories: 1863 establishments in CaliforniaTrade unions in CaliforniaEducation in CaliforniaNational Education AssociationBurlingame, CaliforniaEducation trade unionsState wide trade unions in the United StatesTrade unions established in 1863Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from February 2013All articles needing additional referencesPages using deprecated image syntax


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Wikipedia:VerifiabilityHelp:Introduction To Referencing With Wiki Markup/1Help:Maintenance Template RemovalNational Education AssociationBurlingame, CaliforniaUnited StatesBurlingame, CaliforniaThe Sacramento BeeEnlargeJohn SwettSan Francisco, CaliforniaJerry BrownArnold SchwarzeneggerCalifornia Proposition 74 (2005)California Proposition 75 (2005)California Proposition 76 (2005)California Proposition 8 (2008)Portal:Organized LabourHelp:CategoryCategory:1863 Establishments In CaliforniaCategory:Trade Unions In CaliforniaCategory:Education In CaliforniaCategory:National Education AssociationCategory:Burlingame, CaliforniaCategory:Education Trade UnionsCategory:State Wide Trade Unions In The United StatesCategory:Trade Unions Established In 1863Category:Articles Needing Additional References From February 2013Category:All Articles Needing Additional ReferencesCategory:Pages Using Deprecated Image SyntaxDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer