Contents 1 History 2 See also 2.1 Colleges and Universities 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] In 1920, the California State Legislature's Special Legislative Committee on Education conducted a comprehensive investigation of California's educational system. The Committee's final report, drafted by Ellwood Patterson Cubberley, explained that the system's chaotic ad hoc development had resulted in the division of jurisdiction over education at the state level between 23 separate boards and commissions, with a total of about 160 members. The report recommended the consolidation and centralization of all these entities under the jurisdiction of a single California Department of Education, and also to clarify the exact relationship between the existing State Board of Education and the State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Therefore, on May 31, 1921, the legislature enacted a bill creating such a department, to be headed by a Director of Education, and which also concurrently made the State Superintendent of Public Instruction the ex officio director of the new department. Among the various entities thus integrated were the State Normal Schools, which lost their boards of trustees, were made subordinate to the department's deputy director for the Division of Normal and Special Schools, and were renamed State Teachers Colleges. This created a rather bizarre administrative situation from 1921 to 1960. On the one hand, the Department's actual supervision of the presidents of the State Teachers Colleges was rather minimal, which translated into substantial autonomy when it came to day-to-day operations.[2] On the other hand, the State Teachers Colleges were treated under state law as ordinary state agencies, which meant their budgets were subject to the same stifling bureaucratic financial controls as all other state agencies (except the University of California).[2] At least one president would depart his state college because of his express frustration over that issue (J. Paul Leonard, president of San Francisco State, in 1957).[2] The State Teachers Colleges were renamed State Colleges in 1935, but retained the same legal status. They finally regained full administrative autonomy after the recommendations of the California Master Plan for Higher Education were signed into law as the Donahoe Higher Education Act of 1960, which created the California State Colleges (now the California State University) and authorized the appointment of a Board of Trustees and systemwide Chancellor who would be independent of the Department. In 1967, the state's junior colleges (which had largely developed as extensions of existing high school districts at the local level) were renamed community colleges and organized into the California Community College System, and that system was in turn authorized to have its own Board of Governors and systemwide Chancellor who would also be independent of the Department. Since then, the Department has been focused on regulating and supporting local school districts which directly provide the bulk of K-12 primary and secondary education throughout the state, as well as operating the state's three special schools and three diagnostic centers in support of special education.

See also[edit] California portal Education portal California State Superintendent of Public Instruction California State Board of Education California Commission on Teacher Credentialing School accreditation List of school districts in California List of school districts in California by county Colleges and Universities[edit] California Community Colleges System California State University System University of California System List of colleges and universities in California

References[edit] ^ "Home." California Department of Education. Retrieved on December 21, 2011. "California Department of Education 1430 N Street Sacramento, CA 95814" ^ a b c Gerth, Donald R. (2010). The People's University: A History of the California State University. Berkeley: Berkeley Public Policy Press. p. xxi. ISBN 9780877724353. 

External links[edit] Official website California Department of Education in the California Code of Regulations California teacher's credentials database California Department of Education Statistics and Schools v t e Executive State Agencies and Departments of California Cabinet-level superagencies Business, Consumer Services and Housing Government Operations Environmental Protection Health and Human Services Labor and Workforce Development Natural Resources Transportation Cabinet-level departments Corrections and Rehabilitation Education Finance Food and Agriculture Insurance Justice Military This California school-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e Retrieved from "" Categories: Education in CaliforniaState agencies of CaliforniaState departments of education of the United StatesSchool accreditorsCalifornia school stubsHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from February 2018All stub articles

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US$Wikipedia:Citation NeededTom TorlaksonCalifornia State Superintendent Of Public InstructionGovernment Of CaliforniaPublic School (government Funded)Sacramento, CaliforniaCalifornia State Board Of EducationCalifornia State Superintendent Of Public InstructionTom TorlaksonEx OfficioCalifornia State LegislatureEllwood Patterson CubberleyCalifornia Master Plan For Higher EducationCalifornia State UniversityCalifornia Community College SystemK-12Special EducationPortal:CaliforniaPortal:EducationCalifornia State Superintendent Of Public InstructionCalifornia State Board Of EducationCalifornia Commission On Teacher CredentialingSchool AccreditationList Of School Districts In CaliforniaList Of School Districts In California By CountyCalifornia Community Colleges SystemCalifornia State UniversityUniversity Of CaliforniaList Of Colleges And Universities In CaliforniaInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9780877724353California Code Of RegulationsTemplate:California State AgenciesTemplate Talk:California State AgenciesList Of California State AgenciesCalifornia Business, Consumer Services And Housing AgencyCalifornia Government Operations AgencyCalifornia Environmental Protection AgencyCalifornia Health And Human Services AgencyCalifornia Labor And Workforce Development AgencyCalifornia Natural Resources AgencyCalifornia State Transportation AgencyCalifornia Department Of Corrections And RehabilitationCalifornia Department Of FinanceCalifornia Department Of Food And AgricultureCalifornia Department Of InsuranceCalifornia Department Of JusticeCalifornia Military DepartmentWikipedia:StubTemplate:California-school-stubTemplate Talk:California-school-stubHelp:CategoryCategory:Education In CaliforniaCategory:State Agencies Of CaliforniaCategory:State Departments Of Education Of The United StatesCategory:School AccreditorsCategory:California School StubsCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From February 2018Category:All Stub ArticlesDiscussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

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