Contents 1 Introduction 2 FCC ruling 3 Current status 4 Related technologies 4.1 Radio broadcast flag and RIAA 4.2 European Broadcast Flag 4.3 ISDB 4.4 DVB-CPCM 4.5 Pay-per-view use of broadcast flag 5 See also 5.1 Related intellectual property subjects 6 References 7 External links

Introduction[edit] In the United States, new television receivers using the ATSC standard were supposed to incorporate this functionality by July 1, 2005.[citation needed]

FCC ruling[edit] Officially called "Digital Broadcast Television Redistribution Control," the FCC's rule is in 47 CFR 73.9002(b) and the following sections, stating in part: "No party shall sell or distribute in interstate commerce a Covered Demodulator Product that does not comply with the Demodulator Compliance Requirements and Demodulator Robustness Requirements." According to the rule, hardware must "actively thwart" piracy. The rule's Demodulator Compliance Requirements insists that all HDTV demodulators must "listen" for the flag (or assume it to be present in all signals). Flagged content must be output only to "protected outputs" (such as DVI and HDMI ports with HDCP encryption), or in degraded form through analog outputs or digital outputs with visual resolution of 720x480 pixels (EDTV) or less. Flagged content may be recorded only by "authorized" methods, which may include tethering of recordings to a single device. Since broadcast flags could be activated at any time, a viewer who often records a program might suddenly find that it is no longer possible to save their favorite show. This and other reasons lead many to see the flags as a direct affront to consumer rights. Particularly troubling to open source developers are the Demodulator Robustness Requirements. Devices must be "robust" against user access or modifications so that someone could not easily alter it to ignore the broadcast flags that permit access to the full digital stream. Since open-source device drivers are by design user-modifiable, a PC TV tuner card with open-source drivers would not be "robust". It is unclear whether binary-only drivers would qualify. In theory it would likely be illegal for open-source projects such as the MythTV project, which creates personal video recorder (PVR) software, to interface with digital television demodulators. Some companies currently manufacturing devices, such as the pcHDTV devices intended for the Linux market, would likely be forced to halt production. This portion of the rule also effectively prevents individuals from building their own high-definition television sets and receiving devices. (It may seem far-fetched to a layman, but there have been many instances in the past where engineers have built their own analog TVs, and it follows that some people would wish to continue such pursuits in the digital age. The technologies used will most likely be centered around software-defined radio, fast ADCs and FPGA chips - tools which are so generic in their use that their availability cannot be effectively restricted.) The GNU Radio project already successfully demonstrated that purely software-based demodulators can exist and the hardware rule is not fully enforceable.

Current status[edit] In American Library Association v. FCC, 406 F.3d 689 (D.C. Cir. 2005),[1] the United States Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit ruled that the FCC had exceeded its authority in creating this rule. The court stated that the Commission could not prohibit the manufacture of computer or video hardware without copy protection technology because the FCC only has authority to regulate transmissions, not devices that receive communications. While it is always possible that the Supreme Court could overturn this holding, the more likely reemergence of the broadcast flag is in legislation of the United States Congress granting such authority to the FCC. On May 1, 2006, Sen. Ted Stevens inserted a version of the Broadcast Flag into the Communications, Consumer’s Choice, and Broadband Deployment Act of 2006.[2] On June 22, 2006 Sen. John E. Sununu offered an amendment to strike the broadcast and radio flag,[3] but this failed and the broadcast-flag amendment was approved by the Commerce committee. Nonetheless, the overall bill was never passed, and thus died upon adjournment of the 109th Congress in December 2006. On May 18, 2008, reported that Microsoft had confirmed that current versions of Windows Media Center shipping with the Windows family of operating systems adhered to the use of the broadcast flag, following reports of users being blocked from taping specific airings of NBC programs, mainly American Gladiators and Medium. A Microsoft spokesperson said that Windows Media Center adheres to the "rules set forth by the FCC", even though no legislation actually requires following such rules.[4] On August 22, 2011, the FCC officially eliminated the broadcast flag regulations.[5]

Related technologies[edit] Radio broadcast flag and RIAA[edit] With the coming of digital radio, the recording industry is attempting to change the ground rules for copyright of songs played on radio. Currently, over the air (i.e. broadcast but not Internet) radio stations may play songs freely but RIAA wants Congress to insert a radio broadcast flag. On April 26, 2006, Congress held a hearing over the radio broadcast flag. Among the witnesses were musicians Anita Baker and Todd Rundgren. European Broadcast Flag[edit] At present no equivalent signal is typically used in European DVB transmissions, although DVB-CPCM would provide such a set of signal as defined by DVB-SI, usable on clear-to-air television broadcasts. How adherence to such a system would be enforced in a receiver is not yet clear. In the UK, the BBC introduced content protection restrictions in 2010 on Free to Air content by licensing data necessary to receive the service information for the Freeview HD broadcasts.[citation needed] However the BBC have stated the highest protection applied will be to allow only one copy to be made.[citation needed] ISDB[edit] ISDB broadcasts are protected as to allow the broadcast to be digitally recorded once, but to not allow digital copies of the recording to be made. Analog recordings can be copied freely. It is possible to disallow the use of analog outputs, although this has yet to be implemented. The protection can be circumvented with the correct hardware and software. DVB-CPCM[edit] The Digital Video Broadcasting organization is developing DVB-CPCM which allows broadcasters (especially PayTV broadcaster) far more control over the use of content on (and beyond) home networks. The DVB standards are commonly used in Europe and around the world (for satellite, terrestrial, and cable distribution), but are also employed in the United States by Dish Network. In Europe, some entertainment companies are lobbying to legally mandate the use of DVB-CPCM in the next level of the controversial EU Copyright directive. Opponents fear that mandating DVB-CPCM will kill independent receiver manufacturers that use open source operating systems (e.g., Linux-based set-top boxes.) Should the US broadcast flag return, CPCM would be a candidate for addition to the Table A list of approved technologies for enforcement in the US. Pay-per-view use of broadcast flag[edit] In the USA, since April 15, 2008, pay-per-view movies on cable and satellite television now are flagged to prevent a recording off a pay-per-view channel to a digital video recorders or other related devices from being retained after 24 hours from the ordered time of the film. This is the standard film industry practice, including for digital rentals from the iTunes Store and Google Play. Movies recorded before that point would still be available without flagging and could be copied freely, though as of 2015 those pre-2008 DVR units are well out-of-date or probably non-functional, and the pay-per-view concern is moot for all but special events, as nearly all satellite providers and cable providers have moved to more easily restricted video on demand platforms; pay-per-view films have been drawn down to non-notable content.[citation needed]

See also[edit] Copy Control Information Related intellectual property subjects[edit] Digital Millennium Copyright Act Digital Transition Content Security Act Family Entertainment and Copyright Act Digital Rights Management

References[edit] ^ "USCA-DC Opinions - Search - 04-1037b.pdf" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-01-12.  ^ Stevens, Ted (2006-05-01). "Communications, Consumer's Choice, and Broadband Deployment Act of 2006" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-07-07.  ^ "Sen.John E. Sununu amendment". Archived from the original on 2006-07-01. Retrieved 2012-01-12.  ^ Sandoval, Greg (2008-05-18). "Microsoft confirms Windows adheres to broadcast flag". Retrieved 2012-01-12.  ^ "FCC eliminated rules". Retrieved 2012-01-12.  "Digital Broadcast Television Redistribution Control" (PDF). Federal Communications Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-04-05. , October 1, 2005.

External links[edit] Related to legal or technological status of the Broadcast flag Copyright Protection of Digital Television: The “Broadcast Flag” Electronic Frontier Foundation's Broadcast Flag page The Broadcast Flag and "Plug & Play": The FCC's Lockdown of Digital Television U.S. District Court shoots down broadcast flag (CNET) Broadcast Flag: Media Industry May Try to Steal the Law - June 2005 MP3 Newswire article Circuit Court ruling striking down (PDF format) v t e Broadcast encryption and digital rights management Conditional access CableCARD Conditional access system Renewable security DVB Common Interface CSA Conditional-access module DVB-CPCM FTV Syndication Smart cards and encryption ABV BISS Cisco Videoscape Conax Cryptoworks Digicipher HDCP KeyFly Nagravision Panaccess PowerVu RAS SECA Mediaguard Viaccess VideoGuard Digital video disc Content Scramble System (CSS) Advanced Access Content System (AACS) BD+ DRM Authorized domain B-CAS Broadcast flag Hardware restriction Data security Card sharing FTA Pirate decryption Analogue broadcast encoding EuroCrypt Videocipher VideoCrypt See also free-to-view and pay television v t e Digital television in North America Terrestrial Digital broadcasting ATSC tuners Digital subchannels Virtual channels Distributed transmission system Datacasting Guide Plus National Datacast UpdateLogic Metropolitan Television Alliance Grand Alliance Digital switchover All-Channel Receiver Act SAFER Act Digital channel election Set-top boxes Digital television adapter U.S. Converter Box Coupon Program legislation Analog passthrough DVD recorders Digital video recorders Digital standards ATSC Standards ATSC ATSC-M/H 8VSB A-VSB E-VSB PSIP PMCP full list Standard-definition TV 480i 576i Enhanced-definition TV 480p 576p High-definition TV 720p 1080i 1080p Ultra high-definition TV 2160p Serial digital interface Smart antennas CEA-909 Digital networks see Template:American broadcast television Template:Canadian television networks National deployment List by country Canada Mexico United States HDTV transition wireless spectrum auction Cable Digital cable Digital-cable-ready TV QAM tuners Interactive-digital-cable-ready TV OpenCable Application Platform Encryption Must-carry Subscription TV AllVid CableCARD Downloadable Conditional Access System Tru2way Satellite TV DVB-S Dish Network GlobeCast World TV Free-to-air receiver Bell TV/Telus Satellite TV Dish México DigiCipher 2 4DTV Shaw Direct Digital Satellite Service/DVB-S2 DirecTV IPTV AT&T U-verse Bell Fibe TV FibreOP Telus Optik TV Technical issues 14:9 Active Format Description Broadcast flag Channel protection ratios HDTV blur Hierarchical modulation Pirate decryption Standards conversion Video on demand v t e Broadcast video formats Television Analog 525 lines System M NTSC NTSC-J PAL-M 625 lines PAL System B System D System G System H System I System K PAL-N PALplus SECAM System B System D System G System K System L (SECAM-L) Audio BTSC (MTS) EIAJ NICAM SAP Sound-in-Syncs Zweikanalton (A2/IGR) Hidden signals Captioning CGMS-A EPG GCR PDC Teletext VBI VEIL VIT VITC WSS XDS Historical Pre-1940 Mechanical television 180-line 405-line System A 441-line 819-line MAC MUSE Digital Interlaced SDTV 480i 576i HDTV 1080i Progressive LDTV 1seg 240p 288p EDTV 480p 576p HDTV 720p 1080p UHDTV 2160p 4320p MPEG-2 standards ATSC DVB ISDB DTMB DVB 3D-TV MPEG-4 AVC standards ATSC A/72 DMB DTMB DVB SBTVD 1seg HEVC standards ATSC 3.0 Audio AC-3 (5.1) DTS MPEG-1 Audio Layer II MPEG Multichannel PCM LPCM AAC HE-AAC Hidden signals AFD Broadcast flag Captioning CPCM EPG Teletext Technical issues 14:9 compromise Broadcast-safe Digital cinema (DCI) Display motion blur Moving image formats MPEG transport stream Reverse Standards Conversion Standards conversion Television transmitter Video on demand Video processing Widescreen signaling Templates (Analogue TV Topics) Retrieved from "" Categories: ATSCDigital televisionHigh-definition televisionDigital rights management standardsFederal Communications CommissionTelevision terminologyHistory of televisionHidden categories: Articles that may contain original research from October 2009All articles that may contain original researchAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from January 2018Articles with unsourced statements from December 2015Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version Languages DeutschEspañolItaliano日本語 Edit links This page was last edited on 22 January 2018, at 00:45. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.288","walltime":"0.349","ppvisitednodes":{"value":1593,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":133529,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":9226,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":11,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":4,"limit":500},"entityaccesscount":{"value":0,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 266.068 1 -total"," 23.54% 62.643 1 Template:Original_research"," 21.99% 58.496 6 Template:Cite_web"," 20.76% 55.237 4 Template:Fix"," 16.13% 42.918 7 Template:Navbox"," 16.02% 42.626 1 Template:Video_formats"," 14.71% 39.130 1 Template:Navbox_with_collapsible_groups"," 14.28% 38.002 1 Template:Ambox"," 14.20% 37.782 2 Template:Citation_needed"," 10.69% 28.449 4 Template:Delink"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.136","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":3542589,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1273","timestamp":"20180228122514","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":85,"wgHostname":"mw1275"});});

Broadcast_flag - Photos and All Basic Informations

Broadcast_flag More Links

Wikipedia:No Original ResearchWikipedia:VerifiabilityWikipedia:Citing SourcesHelp:Maintenance Template RemovalBitFlag (computing)Digital TelevisionHard DiskHigh-definition TelevisionStandard-definition TelevisionAdvertisementUnited StatesATSC TunerATSC StandardWikipedia:Citation NeededDemodulatorDigital Visual InterfaceHigh-Definition Multimedia InterfaceHigh-bandwidth Digital Content ProtectionAnalog (signal)Digital DataEnhanced-definition TelevisionConsumer RightsOpen SourceDevice DriverTV Tuner CardMythTVPersonal Video RecorderLinuxSoftware-defined RadioAnalog-to-digital ConverterField-programmable Gate ArrayGNU RadioUnited States Court Of AppealsUnited States Court Of Appeals For The District Of Columbia CircuitComputerUnited States CongressTed StevensJohn E. SununuUnited States Senate Committee On Commerce, Science And TransportationNews.comMicrosoftWindows Media CenterMicrosoft WindowsNBCAmerican Gladiators (2008 TV Series)Medium (TV Series)RIAAAnita BakerTodd RundgrenDigital Video BroadcastingDVB-CPCMBBCWikipedia:Citation NeededWikipedia:Citation NeededISDBDVB-CPCMDish NetworkEU Copyright DirectivePay-per-viewMovieCable TelevisionSatellite TelevisionDigital Video RecorderITunes StoreGoogle PlayVideo On DemandWikipedia:Citation NeededCopy Control InformationDigital Millennium Copyright ActDigital Transition Content Security ActFamily Entertainment And Copyright ActDigital Rights ManagementTed StevensMP3 NewswireTemplate:Broadcast EncryptionTemplate Talk:Broadcast EncryptionTelevision EncryptionDigital Rights ManagementConditional AccessCableCARDConditional AccessRenewable SecurityDigital Video BroadcastingCommon InterfaceCommon Scrambling AlgorithmConditional-access ModuleDVB-CPCMFree-to-viewBroadcast SyndicationSmart CardEncryptionBasic Interoperable Scrambling SystemCisco VideoscapeConaxCryptoworksDigiCipher 2High-bandwidth Digital Content ProtectionKeyFlyNagravisionPowerVuReusable Asset SpecificationNagra FranceMediaguardViaccessVideoGuardContent Scramble SystemAdvanced Access Content SystemBD+Digital Rights ManagementAuthorized DomainB-CASHardware RestrictionData SecurityCard SharingFTA ReceiverPirate DecryptionAnalog TelevisionEuroCryptVideocipherVideoCryptFree-to-viewPay TelevisionTemplate:North American DTVTemplate Talk:North American DTVDigital TelevisionDigital Terrestrial TelevisionDigital BroadcastingATSC TunerDigital SubchannelVirtual ChannelDistributed Transmission SystemDatacastingGuide PlusNational DatacastUpdateLogicMetropolitan Television AllianceGrand Alliance (HDTV)Digital Television TransitionAll-Channel Receiver ActShort-term Analog Flash And Emergency Readiness ActDigital Channel ElectionSet-top BoxDigital Television AdapterCoupon-eligible Converter BoxDigital Transition And Public Safety Act Of 2005Analog PassthroughDVD RecorderDigital Video RecorderAdvanced Television Systems Committee StandardsAdvanced Television Systems CommitteeATSC-M/H8VSBA-VSBE-VSBProgram And System Information ProtocolProgramming Metadata Communication ProtocolList Of ATSC StandardsStandard-definition Television480i576iEnhanced-definition Television480p576pHigh-definition Television720p1080i1080pUltra High-definition2160pSerial Digital InterfaceSmart AntennaCEA-909Template:American Broadcast TelevisionTemplate:Canadian Television NetworksList Of Digital Television Deployments By CountryDigital Television In CanadaTelevision In MexicoDigital Television In The United StatesHigh-definition Television In The United StatesDigital Television Transition In The United StatesUnited States 2008 Wireless Spectrum AuctionCable TelevisionDigital CableCable-readyQAM (television)Cable-readyOpenCable Application PlatformTelevision EncryptionMust-carryPay TelevisionAllVidCableCARDDownloadable Conditional Access SystemTru2waySatellite TelevisionDVB-SDish NetworkGlobeCast World TVFree-to-airFTA ReceiverBell TVTelus TVDish MéxicoDigiCipher 24DTVShaw DirectDigital Satellite ServiceDVB-S2DirecTVIPTVAT&T U-verseBell Fibe TVFibe (Bell Aliant)Telus TV14:9Active Format DescriptionDigital TelevisionDisplay Motion BlurHierarchical ModulationPirate DecryptionTelevision Standards ConversionVideo On DemandTemplate:Video FormatsTemplate Talk:Video FormatsVideoAnalog TelevisionVideoCCIR System MNTSCNTSC-JPAL-MPALCCIR System BCCIR System GCCIR System HCCIR System IPAL-NPALplusSECAMCCIR System BCCIR System GAudio SignalMultichannel Television SoundEIAJ MTSNICAMSecond Audio ProgramSound-in-SyncsZweikanaltonClosed CaptioningCGMS-AElectronic Program GuideGhost-canceling ReferenceProgramme Delivery ControlTeletextVertical Blanking IntervalVideo Encoded Invisible LightVIT SignalsVertical Interval TimecodeWidescreen SignalingExtended Data ServicesTelevision Systems Before 1940Mechanical Television180-line Television System405-line Television SystemCCIR System A441-line Television SystemAnalog High-definition Television SystemMultiplexed Analogue ComponentsMultiple Sub-Nyquist Sampling EncodingDigital TelevisionInterlaced VideoStandard-definition Television480i576iHigh-definition Television1080iProgressive ScanLow-definition Television1segLow-definition TelevisionLow-definition TelevisionEnhanced-definition Television480p576pHigh-definition Television720p1080pUltra-high-definition Television2160p4320pMPEG-2ATSC StandardsDigital Video BroadcastingISDBDigital Terrestrial Multimedia BroadcastDVB 3D-TVH.264/MPEG-4 AVCATSC StandardsDigital Multimedia BroadcastingDigital Terrestrial Multimedia BroadcastDigital Video BroadcastingISDB-T International1segHigh Efficiency Video CodingATSC 3.0Surround SoundDolby DigitalSurround SoundDTS (sound System)MPEG-1 Audio Layer IIMPEG MultichannelPulse-code ModulationLinear Pulse-code ModulationAdvanced Audio CodingHigh-Efficiency Advanced Audio CodingActive Format DescriptionClosed CaptioningDVB-CPCMElectronic Program GuideTeletext14:9Broadcast-safeDigital CinemaDigital Cinema InitiativeDisplay Motion BlurMoving Image FormatsMPEG Transport StreamReverse Standards ConversionTelevision Standards ConversionTelevision TransmitterVideo On DemandVideo ProcessingWidescreen SignalingTemplate:Analogue TV Transmitter TopicsHelp:CategoryCategory:ATSCCategory:Digital TelevisionCategory:High-definition TelevisionCategory:Digital Rights Management StandardsCategory:Federal Communications CommissionCategory:Television TerminologyCategory:History Of TelevisionCategory:Articles That May Contain Original Research From October 2009Category:All Articles That May Contain Original ResearchCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From January 2018Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From December 2015Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From February 2017Discussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link