Contents 1 Structure 1.1 Front matter 1.2 Body matter 1.3 Back matter (end matter) 2 Front cover, spine, and back cover of the dust-jacket 3 Binding 4 Other items 5 Page spread 5.1 Print space 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links


Structure[edit] Front matter[edit] Front matter, or preliminaries ("prelims", for short), is the first section of a book, and is usually the smallest section in terms of the number of pages. The pages are numbered in lower-case Roman numerals. Each page is counted, but no folio or page number is expressed, or printed, on either display pages or blank pages.[citation needed] Front matter generally only appears in the first volume in a multi-volume work, although some elements (such as a table of contents or index) may appear in each volume. The following table will help distinguish between some of the different types of front matter: Name Voice Purpose Half title Publisher Usually a single line in capital letters, precedes the title page, and only contains the title (as opposed to the author, publisher etc. found on the full title page) with a blank verso. Title page Publisher Repeats the title and author as printed on the cover or spine. Colophon Printer Technical information such as edition dates, copyrights, typefaces and the name and address of the printer. In modern books usually on the verso of the title page, but in some books placed at the end (see Back matter). Also known as the Edition notice or Copyright page. Frontispiece The author or publisher A decorative illustration on the verso facing the title page. It may be related to the book's subject, or be a portrait of the author. Dedication The author A dedication page is a page in a book that precedes the text, in which the author names the person or people for whom he/she has written the book. Epigraph The author A phrase, quotation, or poem. The epigraph may serve as a preface, as a summary, as a counter-example, or to link the work to a wider literary canon, either to invite comparison, or to enlist a conventional context. Contents Publisher This is a list of chapter headings, and nested subheadings, together with their respective page numbers. This includes all front-matter items listed below, together with chapters in the body matter and back matter. The number of levels of subheadings shown should be limited, so as to keep the contents list short, ideally one page, or possibly a double-page spread. Technical books may include a list of figures and a list of tables. Foreword Some concrete person, other than the author of the book. Often, a foreword will tell of some interaction between the writer of the foreword and the story or the writer of the story. A foreword to later editions of a work often explains in what respects that edition differs from previous ones. Preface The author A preface generally covers the story of how the book came into being, or how the idea for the book was developed. This is often followed by thanks and acknowledgments to people who were helpful to the author during the time of writing. Acknowledgment The author Often part of the Preface, rather than a separate section in its own right, it acknowledges those who contributed to the creation of the book. Introduction The author A beginning section which states the purpose and goals of the following writing. Prologue The narrator (or a character in the book) A prologue is an opening to a story that establishes the setting and gives background details, often some earlier story that ties into the main one, and other miscellaneous information. As such, it is generally considered part of the body in modern book organization (cf. Chicago Manual of Style). Body matter[edit] Initial on the opening page of a book printed by the Kelmscott Press The structure of a work (and especially of its body matter) is often described hierarchically. Volumes A volume is a set of leaves that are bound together. Thus each work is either a volume, or is divided into volumes. Books and parts (Single-volume works account for most of the non-academic consumer market in books.) A single volume may embody either a part of a book or the whole of a book; in some works, parts include multiple books, and in some others books include multiple parts. Chapters and sections A chapter or section may be contained within a part or a book. When both chapters and sections are used in the same work, the sections are more often contained within chapters than the reverse. Modules and units In some books the chapters are grouped into bigger parts, sometimes called modules. The numbering of the chapters can begin again at the start of every module. In educational books, especially, the chapters are often called units. The first page of the actual text of a book is the opening page, which often incorporates special design features, such as initials. The following are two instructive examples: The Lord of the Rings has three parts (either in one volume each, or in a single volume), with each part containing two books, each containing, in turn, multiple chapters. The Christian Bible (usually bound as a single volume) is divided into two "testaments" (which might more typically be described as "parts", and differ in length by a factor of three or four), each containing dozens of books, each in turn containing multiple chapters, which are most often divided (for purposes of citation) into "verses" each containing roughly one independent clause. Back matter (end matter)[edit] The back matter, also known as end matter, if used, normally consists of one or more of the following components: Name Voice Purpose Epilogue The narrator (or a character in the book) This piece of writing at the end of a work of literature or drama is usually used to bring closure to the work. Extro or Outro The conclusion to a piece of work; this is considered the opposite of the intro. These terms are more commonly used in music. Afterword The author, or some other real person An afterword generally covers the story of how the book came into being, or of how the idea for the book was developed. Conclusion The author Postscript Appendix or Addendum The author This supplemental addition to a given main work may correct errors, explain inconsistencies or otherwise detail or update the information found in the main work. Glossary The author The glossary consists of a set of definitions of words of importance to the work. They are normally alphabetized. The entries may consist of places and characters, which is common for longer works of fiction. Bibliography The author This cites other works consulted when writing the body. It is most common in non-fiction books or research papers. Index Publisher This list of terms used in the text contains references, often page numbers, to where the terms can be found in the text. Most common in non-fiction books. Colophon Publisher This brief description may be located at the end of a book or on the verso of the title page. It describes production notes relevant to the edition and may include a printer's mark or logotype. Postface


Front cover, spine, and back cover of the dust-jacket[edit] The spine of the book is an important aspect in book design, especially in the cover design. When the books are stacked up or stored in a shelf, the details on the spine is the only visible surface that contains the information about the book. In a book store, it is often the details on the spine that attract the attention first. The front cover is the front of the book, and is marked appropriately, by text or graphics, in order to identify it as such, namely as the very beginning of the book. The front cover usually contains at least the title or author, with possibly an appropriate illustration. On the inside of the cover page, extending to the facing page is the front endpaper sometimes referred as FEP. The free half of the end paper is called a flyleaf. Traditionally, in hand-bound books, the endpaper was just a sheet of blank or ornamented paper physically masking and reinforcing the connection between the cover and the body of the book. In modern publishing it can be either plain, as in many text-oriented books, or variously ornamented and illustrated in books such as picture books, other children's literature, some arts and craft and hobbyist books, novelty/gift-market and coffee table books, and graphic novels. These books have an audience and traditions of their own where the graphic design and immediacy is especially important and publishing tradition and formality are less important. The spine is the vertical edge of a book as it normally stands on a bookshelf. It is customary for it to have printed text on it. In texts published or printed in the United States and the United Kingdom, the spine text, when vertical, runs from the top to the bottom, such that it is right side up when the book is lying flat with the front cover on top. In books from continental Europe, vertical spine text traditionally runs from the bottom up, though this convention has been changing lately.[3] The spine usually contains all, or some, of four elements (besides decoration, if any), and in the following order: (1) author, editor, or compiler; (2) title; (3) publisher; and (4) publisher logo. On the inside of the back cover page, extending from the facing page before it, is the endpaper. Its design matches the front endpaper and, in accordance with it, contains either plain paper or pattern, image etc. The back cover often contains biographical matter about the author or editor, and quotes from other sources praising the book. It may also contain a summary or description of the book


Binding[edit] Main article: Book binding Books are classified under two categories according to the physical nature of their binding. The designation hardcover (or hardback) refers to books with stiff covers, as opposed to flexible ones. The binding of a hardcover book usually includes boards (often made of paperboard) covered in cloth, leather, or other materials. The binding is usually sewn to the pages using string stitching. A less expensive binding method is that used for paperback books (sometimes called softback or softcover). Most paperbacks are bound with paper or light cardboard, though other materials (such as plastic) are used. The covers are flexible and usually bound to the pages using glue (perfect binding). Some small paperback books are sub-classified as pocketbooks. These paperbacks are smaller than usual - small enough to barely fit into a pocket (especially the back pocket of one's trousers). However, this capacity to fit into a pocket diminishes with increasing number of pages and increasing thickness of the book. Such a book may still be designated as a pocketbook.


Other items[edit] Some books such as Bibles or dictionaries may have a thumb index to help find material quickly. Gold leaf may also be applied to the edges of the pages, so that when closed, the side, top, and bottom of the book have a golden color. On some books, a design may be printed on the edges, or marbling or a simple colour applied. Some artist's books go even further, by using fore-edge painting. Pop-up elements and fold-out pages may be used to add dimensions to the page in different ways. Children's books commonly incorporate a wide array of design features built into the fabric of the book. Some books for preschoolers include textured fabric, plastic on other materials. Die-cut techniques in the work of Eric Carle are one example. Clear or reflective surfaces, flaps, textiles and scratch-and-sniff are other possible features.


Page spread[edit] See also: Page layout Page spread with J. A. van de Graaf's construction of classical text area (print space) and margin proportions.[4] A basic unit in book design is the page spread. The left page (called verso) and right page (called recto) are of the same size and aspect ratio, and are centered on the gutter where they are bound together at the spine. The design of each individual page, on the other hand, is governed by the canons of page construction. The possible layout of the sets of letters of the alphabet, or words, on a page is determined by the so-called print space, and is also an element in the design of the page of the book. Clearly, there must be sufficient space, at the spine of the book, if the text is to be visible. On the other hand, the other three margins of the page, which frame the book, are made of the appropriate size for both practical and aesthetic reasons. Print space[edit] The print space (German Satzspiegel) is a typographic term and determines the effective area on the paper of a book, journal or other press work. The print space is limited by the surrounding borders, or in other words the gutters outside the printed area. The German term comes originally from hot metal typesetting: above the desktop was a mirror (German: Spiegel) where the typesetter could read the inverted letters.


See also[edit] Galley proof Imprint Letterpress Page numbering Visual design Other types of books Interactive children's book Interactive fiction Pop-up book


References[edit] ^ Tschichold, Jan, The Form of the Book (1991), Hartley & Marks, ISBN 0-88179-116-4 ^ Hendel, Richard, On Book Design, Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-07570-7 ^ Petroski, Henry (1999). The Book on the Bookshelf. Alfred A. Knopf Inc. ISBN 0-375-40649-2.  ^ Van de Graaf, J. A.. Nieuwe berekening voor de vormgeving. (1946)


Further reading[edit] Hendel, Richard, On Book Design. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998. ISBN 0-300-07570-7. Hochuli, Jost, and Robin Kinross, Designing Books: Practice and Theory. London: Hyphen Press, 1996. ISBN 0-907259-08-1. Bruno, Michael H., Pocket Pal: The Handy Little Book of Graphic Arts Production. 19th Edition. Memphis, TN: International Paper, 2003. ISBN 0-88362-488-5. Lee, Marshal, Bookmaking: Editing, Design, Production. Third Edition. New York [etc.]: W. W. Norton and Company, 2004. ISBN 0-393-73018-2. Lommen, Mathieu, The Book of Books: 500 Years of Graphic Innovation. London: Thames & Hudson, 2012. ISBN 0-500-51591-3. University of Chicago Press,The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 2003. ISBN 0-226-10403-6 (hardcover): ISBN 0-226-10405-2 (hardcover with CD-ROM): ISBN 0-226-10404-4 (CD-ROM). University of Chicago Press, The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed., Online ed. (Chicago: Released September 29.)


External links[edit] Walter Hamady and the Perishable Press Limited Designing The Painted Bird Alcuin Society Book Design Awards Elbert Hubbard, Dard Hunter and Book Design at Roycroft Press Five Simple Steps to Designing Grid Systems How to Choose the Best Fonts for Printing Dutch Art Nouveau and Art Deco Book Design Merle Armitage: Impresario of Book Design A Tribute to Richard Eckersley: An Exemplary Book Designer Binding design and paper conservation of antique books, albums and documents The Rollo Books by Jacob Abbott: an example of first edition designs "Signs - Books - Networks" virtual exhibition of the German Museum of Books and Writing, i.a. with a thematic module on book design Catalog Design Handbook – Marketing principles so as typography, printing industry standards and glossary applied to catalog design v t e Book design General page layout and typography choices Fonts Front and back covers Buckram Leather Anthropodermic bibliopegy Treasure binding Endpapers Marbled Front matter Half title bastard title Frontispiece Title page Edition notice Dedication Epigraph Table of contents List of figures List of tables Foreword Preface Acknowledgments Introduction Prologue Printer's mark Body matter, which may include: Body text Chapters Parts Sections Tipped-in pages Back matter Afterword Conclusion Epilogue Outro Postscript Appendix/Addendum Glossary Bibliography Index Errata Colophon Postface Other elements Bookplate or ex-librīs Catchword Die cutting Fore-edge painting Pop-ups Thumb index v t e The book publishing process Copy preparation Submission author or literary agent Publisher's reader Contract negotiation intellectual property rights royalty rates, format, etc Editing Prepress Literary editor  • Commissioning editor  • Developmental editor  • Authors' editor  • Book editor Design Typesetting Proof-reading List of Proofreader's Marks Book production Printing Folding Binding Trimming v t e Typography terminology Page Canons of page construction Column Even working Margin Page numbering Pagination Pull quote Recto and verso Paragraph Alignment Justification Leading River Sentence spacing Widows and orphans Character Typeface anatomy Counter Diacritics Dingbat Glyph Initial Kerning Letter-spacing Ligature Subscript and superscript Swash Text figures Tittle Capitalization ALL CAPS Camel case Letter case Petite caps Small caps Visual distinction Italics Oblique Bold Color Underline 𝔹𝕝𝕒𝕔𝕜𝕓𝕠𝕒𝕣𝕕 𝕓𝕠𝕝𝕕 𝕭𝖑𝖆𝖈𝖐𝖑𝖊𝖙𝖙𝖊𝖗 Infɑnt Vertical aspects Ascender Baseline Cap height Descender Median Overshoot x-height Classifications Roman type Antiqua (old style) Didone (modern) Sans-serif Script Serif Slab serif Transitional Reverse-contrast Blackletter type Fraktur Rotunda Schwabacher Textualis Gaelic type Insular Uncial Specialist Record type Punctuation Dashes Hanging punctuation Hyphen-minus Hyphenation Prime mark Quotation mark Typesetting Calligraphy etaoin shrdlu Font computer monospaced Font catalog Letterpress Lorem ipsum Microtypography Movable type Pangram Phototypesetting Punchcutting Type color Type design Typeface Microprint list Typographic units Agate Cicero Em En Figure space Measure Paren space Pica Point traditional point-size names Thin space Digital typography Character encoding Font formats Hinting Rasterization Typesetting software Typographic features Web typography Related Intentionally blank page Style guide Type foundry Category Commons Portal v t e Design Outline Portal Designer Disciplines Communication design Advertising Book design Corporate design Exhibit design Film title design Graphic design Motion Postage stamp design Print design Illustration Information design Instructional design News design Photography Retail design Signage / Traffic sign design Typography / Type design Video design Visual merchandising Environmental design Architecture Architectural lighting design Building design Passive solar Ecological design Environmental impact design Garden design Computer-aided Healthy community design Hotel design Interior architecture Interior design EID Keyline design Landscape architecture Sustainable Landscape design Spatial design Urban design Industrial design Automotive design Automotive suspension design CMF design Corrugated box design Electric guitar design Furniture design Sustainable Hardware interface design Motorcycle design Packaging and labeling Photographic lens design Product design Production design Sensory design Service design Interaction design Experience design EED Game design Level design Video game design Hardware interface design Icon design Immersive design Information design Sonic interaction design User experience design User interface design Web design Other applied arts Public art design Ceramic / glass design Fashion design Costume design Jewelry design Floral design Game art design Property design Scenic design Sound design Stage/set lighting design Textile design Other design & engineering Algorithm design Boiler design Conceptual design Database design Drug design Electrical system design Experimental design Filter design Job design Integrated circuit design Circuit design Physical design Power network design Mechanism design Nuclear weapon design Nucleic acid design Organization design Process design Processor design Protein design Research design Social design Software design Spacecraft design Strategic design Systems design Approaches Activity-centered Adaptive web Affective Brainstorming By committee By contract C-K theory Closure Co-design Concept-oriented Configuration Contextual Continuous Cradle-to-cradle Creative problem-solving Creativity techniques Critical Design fiction Defensive Design–bid–build Design–build architect-led Domain-driven Ecodesign Energy neutral Engineering design process Probabilistic design Error-tolerant Fault-tolerant Framework-oriented For assembly For behaviour change For manufacturability For Six Sigma For testing For X Functional Generative Geodesign High-level Integrated Integrated topside Intelligence-based Iterative KISS principle Low-level Metadesign Mind mapping Modular New Wave Object-oriented Open Parametric Participatory Platform-based Policy-based Process-centered Public interest Rational Regenerative Reliability engineering Research-based Responsibility-driven RWD Safe-life Sustainable Systemic SOD Tableless web Theory of constraints Top-down and bottom-up Transformation Transgenerational TRIZ Universal Design for All Usage-centered Use-centered User-centered Empathic User innovation Value-driven Value sensitive Privacy by Design choice computing controls flow leadership management marker methods pattern research science strategy theory thinking Tools Intellectual property Organizations Awards Tools AAD Architectural model Blueprint Comprehensive layout CAD CAID Virtual home design software CAutoD Design quality indicator Electronic design automation Flowchart Mockup Product design specification Prototype Sketch Storyboard Technical drawing Web design program Website wireframe Intellectual property Community design Design around Design patent Fashion design copyright Geschmacksmuster Industrial design rights European Union Organizations AIGA Chartered Society of Designers Design and Industries Association Design Council International Forum Design The Design Society Design Research Society Awards European Design Award German Design Award Good Design Award (Chicago) Good Design Award (Japan) Graphex IF product design award James Dyson Award Prince Philip Designers Prize Related topics Aesthetics Agile Concept art Creative industries Cultural icon .design Enterprise architecture Futures studies Innovation Management Intelligent design Lean Startup New product development OODA Loop Philosophy of design Process simulation Slow design STEAM fields Unintelligent design Visualization Wicked problem Design brief change classic director education elements and principles engineer firm history knowledge language life load museum paradigm rationale review specification studio technology Commons Wikibooks Wikinews Wikiquote Wikisource Wiktionary Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Book_design&oldid=821143743" Categories: Book designBook publishingHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from May 2009


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Word ProcessorDesignBookJan TschicholdEnlargeTreasure BindingHans Holbein The YoungerWikipedia:Citation NeededHalf TitleVersoTitle PageColophon (publishing)Edition NoticeCopyright PageBook FrontispieceDedication (publishing)Epigraph (literature)Canon (fiction)Table Of ContentsForewordPrefaceAcknowledgment (creative Arts)Introduction (essay)PrologueChicago Manual Of StyleEnlargeInitialKelmscott PressInitialThe Lord Of The RingsChristianityBibleCitationChapters And Verses Of The BibleIndependent ClauseEpilogueAfterwordPostscriptAddendumGlossaryBibliographyIndex (publishing)Colophon (publishing)PostfaceEnlargeSpine (bookbinding)Front CoverTitleAuthorIllustrationEndpaperPublishingPicture BookHandicraftCoffee Table BookGraphic NovelGraphic DesignSpine (bookbinding)BookshelfBook BindingHardcoverStiffnessFlexibilityPaperboardPaperbackThumb IndexArtist's BookFore-edge PaintingPop-up BookEric CarleScratch-and-sniffPage LayoutEnlargeCanons Of Page ConstructionVersoRectoBookbindingCanons Of Page ConstructionSpine (bookbinding)Margin (typography)AestheticHot Metal TypesettingGalley ProofImprint (trade Name)LetterpressPage NumberingVisual DesignInteractive Children's BookInteractive FictionPop-up BookJan TschicholdInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-88179-116-4International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-300-07570-7International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-375-40649-2International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-300-07570-7Hyphen PressInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-907259-08-1International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-88362-488-5International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-393-73018-2International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-500-51591-3International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-226-10403-6International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-226-10405-2International Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/0-226-10404-4The Chicago Manual Of 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