Contents 1 Background 2 Book burning 3 In religion 4 Banned books 5 Challenged books 6 By country 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links


Background[edit] "Almost every country places some restrictions on what may be published, although the emphasis and the degree of control differ from country to country and at different periods."[1] There are a variety of reasons for which books may be banned. Materials are often suppressed due to the perceived notion of obscenity. This obscenity can apply to materials that are about sexuality, race, drugs, or social standing.[2] The censorship of literature on the charge of obscenity appears to have begun in the early 19th century.[3] The rise of the middle class, who had evangelical backgrounds, brought about this concern with obscenity.[3] Governments have also sought to ban certain books which they perceive to contain material that could threaten, embarrass, or criticize them.[4] Other leaders outside the government have banned books, including religious authorities.[5] Church leaders who prohibit members of their faith from reading the banned books may want to shelter them from perceived obscene, immoral, or profane ideas or situations or from ideas that may challenge the teaching of that religion.[6] But even religious materials have been subject to censorship. For example, various scriptures have been banned (and sometimes burned at several points in history). The Bible, and other religious scriptures have all been subjected to censorship and have been banned by various governments. Similarly, books based on the scriptures have also been banned, such as Leo Tolstoy's The Kingdom of God Is Within You, which was banned in the Russian Empire for being anti-establishment.[7] Banning of a book, ironically often has the effect of making people seek out the book.[8] The action of banning the book creates an interest in the book which has the opposite effect of making the work more popular.[8]


Book burning[edit] Book burning is the practice of destroying, often ceremonially, books or other written material. It is usually carried out in public, and is generally motivated by moral, religious, or political objections to the material, with a desire to censor it.


In religion[edit] See also: Censorship by religion


Banned books[edit] Main article: List of books banned by governments


Challenged books[edit] This graph shows the number of book challenges from 2000-2005 and the most popular reasons for the challenges Main article: List of most commonly challenged books in the United States


By country[edit] Main articles: Book censorship in Canada, Book censorship in China, Book censorship in Iran, Book censorship in the Republic of Ireland, and Book censorship in the United States


See also[edit] Burning of books and burying of scholars List of authors and works on the Index Librorum Prohibitorum Freedom of the press Nazi book burnings Bowdlerization


References[edit] ^ "CENSORSHIP OF BOOKS". teara.govt.nz.  ^ "About Banned & Challenged Books". ala.org.  ^ a b University of South Florida. "USF NetID Single-SignOn - University of South Florida". usf.edu.  ^ "Banned Books Online". upenn.edu.  ^ "Index Librorum Prohibitorum". Encyclopædia Britannica Online.  ^ University of South Florida. "USF NetID Single-SignOn - University of South Florida". usf.edu.  ^ http://sitemaker.umich.edu/globalnonviolence/files/tolstoy.pdf ^ a b "Could Banning Books Actually Encourage More Readers?". NPR.org. 20 September 2013. 


Further reading[edit] Haight, Anne (1970). Banned books informal notes on some books banned for various reasons at various times and in various places (3d ed.). New York: R.R. Bowker. ISBN 978-0-8352-0204-6.  Robert Darnton Censors at Work: How States Shaped Literature W. W. Norton & Company, 2014 ISBN 0393242293


External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Book censorship. v t e Media manipulation Context Bias Crowd psychology Deception Dumbing down False balance Half-truths Machiavellianism Media Obfuscation Orwellian Persuasion Psychological manipulation Activism Alternative media Boycott Civil disobedience Culture jamming Demonstrations Guerrilla communication Hacktivism Internet Media Occupations Petitions Protests Youth Advertising Billboards False Infomercials Mobiles Modeling Radio Sex Slogans Testimonials TV Criticism of advertising Censorship Regulation Books Broadcast law Burying of scholars Corporate Cover-ups Euphemism Films Historical negationism Internet Political Religious Self Hoaxing Alternative facts April Fools' Fake news website Fakelore Fictitious entries Forgery Gaslighting List Literary Racial Urban legend Virus Marketing Branding Loyalty Product Product placement Publicity Research Word of mouth News media Agenda-setting Broadcasting Circus Cycle False balance Infotainment Managing Narcotizing dysfunction Newspeak Pseudo-event Scrum Sensationalism Tabloid journalism Political campaigning Advertising Astroturfing Attack ad Canvassing Character assassination Charm offensive Dog-whistle politics Election promises Lawn signs Manifestos Name recognition Negative Push polling Smear campaign Wedge issue Propaganda Bandwagon Crowd manipulation Disinformation Fearmongering Framing Indoctrination Loaded language Lying press National mythology Techniques Psychological warfare Airborne leaflets False flag Fifth column Information (IT) Lawfare Political Public diplomacy Sedition Subversion Public relations Cult of personality Doublespeak Non-apology apology Reputation management Slogans Sound bites Spin Transfer Understatement Weasel words Sales Cold calling Door-to-door Pricing Product demonstrations Promotion Promotional merchandise Telemarketing v t e Censorship Media regulation Books books banned Films banned films Internet circumvention Music Post Press Radio Speech and expression Thought Video games banned video games Methods Bleeping Book burning Broadcast delay Burying of scholars Censor bars Chilling effect Concision Conspiracy of silence Content-control software Euphemism Minced oath Expurgation Fogging Gag order Heckling Heckler's veto Internet police Memory hole National intranet Newspaper theft Pixelization Prior restraint Propaganda Purge Revisionism Sanitization Self-censorship Speech code Strategic lawsuit Surveillance computer & network mass Whitewashing Word filtering Damnatio memoriae Contexts Criminal Corporate Hate speech Ideological Media bias Moralistic fallacy Naturalistic fallacy Politics Propaganda model Religious (Islamic) Suppression of dissent Systemic bias By country Censorship Freedom of speech Internet censorship v t e Books Production Authors Binding By date Decade Year Covers Jackets Design Editing Illustration Literature Printing History Incunabula Publishing By country Typesetting Consumption Awards Bestsellers Bibliography Bibliophilia Bibliotherapy Bookmarks Bookselling Blurbs Book towns Shops Censorship Clubs Collecting Digitizing Fairs Furniture Bookcases Bookends Libraries Legislation Lists Print culture Reading Literacy Reviews Other By country Brazil France Germany Italy Pakistan UK US Formats Audiobooks E-books Genres Children's Fictional History of books Historians Intellectual property ISBN Outline Terminology Types Category Commons Portal WikiProject Authority control NDL: 00565875 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Book_censorship&oldid=819910835" Categories: Book censorshipTextual scholarship


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