Contents 1 Alternative Names 2 Description 2.1 Varieties 3 Culinary uses 4 Traditional medicinal uses 4.1 Adverse effects 4.2 Pregnancy 5 Gallery 5.1 Plant 5.2 Dishes and other uses 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Alternative Names[edit] Bitter melon also has names in other languages which have entered English as loanwords, e.g. kǔguā (苦瓜) from Chinese, nigauri (苦瓜) from Japanese, gōyā (ゴーヤー)[3] from Okinawan, Karela (કારેલા) in Gujarati, Kaarla in Marathi, kaipakka/paavakka (കയ്പക്ക/പാവയ്ക്ക) in Malayalam, kakarakaya (కాకరకాయ) in Telugu, Hāgala (ಹಾಗಲ) in Kannada, pākal/paavakka (பாகல்) in Tamil and karela (करेला and كاريلا) or kareli (करेली and کریلی), in Sinhala, karavila (කරවිල), in Hindustani (Hindi and Urdu), kerela (কেৰেলা) in Assamese, coming from Sanskrit. In Bengali, it is also known as korolla. Those from the Caribbean island of Jamaica commonly refer to the plant as cerasee. In Brazil this plant is called Saint Cajetan's Melon (melão-de-são-caetano). In Guyana the plant is referred to as corilla. In the Philippines it is called ampalaya or amargoso. In Indonesia it is called paria, peria, or (most commonly) pare. And in the Republic of Suriname it is called "sopropo".

Description[edit] The female flower of bitter melon. Ripe fruit Leaf of bitter gourd This herbaceous, tendril-bearing vine grows up to 5 m (16 ft) in length. It bears simple, alternate leaves 4–12 cm (1.6–4.7 in) across, with three to seven deeply separated lobes. Each plant bears separate yellow male and female flowers. In the Northern Hemisphere, flowering occurs during June to July and fruiting during September to November. The fruit has a distinct warty exterior and an oblong shape. It is hollow in cross-section, with a relatively thin layer of flesh surrounding a central seed cavity filled with large, flat seeds and pith. The fruit is most often eaten green, or as it is beginning to turn yellow. At this stage, the fruit's flesh is crunchy and watery in texture, similar to cucumber, chayote or green bell pepper, but bitter. The skin is tender and edible. Seeds and pith appear white in unripe fruits; they are not intensely bitter and can be removed before cooking. Some sources claim the flesh (rind) becomes somewhat tougher and more bitter with age, but other sources claim that at least for the common Chinese variety the skin does not change and bitterness decreases with age. The Chinese variety are best harvested light green possibly with a slight yellow tinge or just before. The pith becomes sweet and intensely red; it can be eaten uncooked in this state, and is a popular ingredient in some Southeast Asian salads. When the fruit is fully ripe, it turns orange and mushy, and splits into segments which curl back dramatically to expose seeds covered in bright red pulp. Varieties[edit] Bitter melon comes in a variety of shapes and sizes. The cultivar common in China is 20–30 cm (7.9–11.8 in) long, oblong with bluntly tapering ends and pale green in color, with a gently undulating, warty surface. The bitter melon more typical of India has a narrower shape with pointed ends, and a surface covered with jagged, triangular "teeth" and ridges. It is green to white in color. Between these two extremes are any number of intermediate forms. Some bear miniature fruit of only 6–10 cm (2.4–3.9 in) in length, which may be served individually as stuffed vegetables. These miniature fruit are popular in Bangladesh, India (common name 'Karela'), Pakistan, Nepal and other countries in South Asia. The sub-continent variety is most popular in Bangladesh and India. Chinese variety Indian variety

Culinary uses[edit] A small green bitter melon (front) and a scoop of Okinawan stir-fried gōyā chanpurū (back) Bitter gourd pods boiled, drained, no salt Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz) Energy 79 kJ (19 kcal) Carbohydrates 4.32 g Sugars 1.95 g Dietary fiber 2 g Fat 0.18 g Protein 0.84 g Vitamins Vitamin A equiv. beta-Carotene lutein zeaxanthin (1%) 6 μg (1%) 68 μg 1323 μg Thiamine (B1) (4%) 0.051 mg Riboflavin (B2) (4%) 0.053 mg Niacin (B3) (2%) 0.28 mg Pantothenic acid (B5) (4%) 0.193 mg Vitamin B6 (3%) 0.041 mg Folate (B9) (13%) 51 μg Vitamin C (40%) 33 mg Vitamin E (1%) 0.14 mg Vitamin K (5%) 4.8 μg Minerals Calcium (1%) 9 mg Iron (3%) 0.38 mg Magnesium (5%) 16 mg Manganese (4%) 0.086 mg Phosphorus (5%) 36 mg Potassium (7%) 319 mg Sodium (0%) 6 mg Zinc (8%) 0.77 mg Other constituents Water 93.95 g Link to USDA Database entry Units μg = micrograms • mg = milligrams IU = International units Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults. Source: USDA Nutrient Database Bitter melon is generally consumed cooked in the green or early yellowing stage. The young shoots and leaves of the bitter melon may also be eaten as greens. In Chinese cuisine, bitter melon (Chinese: 苦瓜, pinyin: kǔguā or kugua) is valued for its bitter flavor, typically in stir-fries (often with pork and douchi), soups, dim sum, and herbal teas (See Gohyah tea). It has also been used in place of hops as the bittering ingredient in some beers in China and Okinawa.[4] Bitter melon is very popular throughout India. In North Indian cuisine, it is often served with yogurt on the side to offset the bitterness, used in curry such as sabzi or stuffed with spices and then cooked in oil. In South Indian cuisine, it is used in the dishes thoran/thuvaran (mixed with grated coconut), mezhukkupuratti (stir fried with spices), theeyal (cooked with roasted coconut) and pachadi (which is considered a medicinal food for diabetics). Other popular recipes include preparations with curry, deep fried with peanuts or other ground nuts, and Pachi Pulusu, a soup with fried onions and other spices. In Karnataka, which is known as Hāgalakāyi (ಹಾಗಲಕಾಯಿ) in Kannada language similarly in Tamil Nadu, it is known as paagarkaai or pavakai (பாகற்காய்) in Tamil,[5] a special preparation called pagarkai pitla, a kind of sour koottu, variety is very popular. Also popular is kattu pagarkkai, a curry that involves stuffing with onions, cooked lentil and grated coconut mix, tied with thread and fried in oil. In the Konkan region of Maharashtra, salt is added to finely chopped bitter gourd, known as karle (कारले) in Marathi, and then it is squeezed, removing its bitter juice to some extent. After frying this with different spices, the less bitter and crispy preparation is served with grated coconut. It's known as Karate(Konkani:कारांतें) in Goa, it's valued for its health benefits and used widely in Goan cuisine. In northern India and Nepal, bitter melon, known as tite karela (तीते करेला) in Nepali, is prepared as a fresh pickle. For this, the vegetable is cut into cubes or slices, and sautéed with oil and a sprinkle of water. When it is softened and reduced, it is crushed in a mortar with a few cloves of garlic, salt and a red or green pepper. It is also eaten sautéed to golden-brown, stuffed, or as a curry on its own or with potatoes. In Sri Lanka, it is known as karavila (කරවිල) in Sinhala and is an ingredient in many different curry dishes (e.g., Karawila Curry and Karawila Sambol) which are served mainly with rice in a main meal. Sometimes large grated coconut pieces are added, which is more common in rural areas. Karawila juice is also sometimes served there. In Pakistan, known as karela (کریلا) in Urdu-speaking areas, and Bangladesh, known as korola (করলা|করলা) in Bengali, bitter melon is often cooked with onions, red chili powder, turmeric powder, salt, coriander powder, and a pinch of cumin seeds. Another dish in Pakistan calls for whole, unpeeled bitter melon to be boiled and then stuffed with cooked minced beef, served with either hot tandoori bread, naan, chappati, or with khichri (a mixture of lentils and rice). A soft drink made from bitter melon Bitter melon, known as gōyā (ゴーヤー) in Okinawan, and nigauri (苦瓜) in Japanese (although the Okinawan word gōyā is also used), is a significant ingredient in Okinawan cuisine, and is increasingly used in Japanese cuisine beyond that island. It is popularly credited with Okinawan life expectancies being higher than the already long Japanese ones.[citation needed] In Indonesian cuisine, bitter melon, known as pare in Javanese and Indonesian (also paria), is prepared in various dishes, such as gado-gado, and also stir fried, cooked in coconut milk, or steamed. In Christian areas in Eastern Indonesia it is cooked with pork and chile, the sweetness of the pork balancing against the bitterness of the vegetable. In Vietnamese cuisine, raw bitter melon slices known as mướp đắng or khổ qua in Vietnamese, eaten with dried meat floss and bitter melon soup with shrimp are popular dishes. Bitter melons stuffed with ground pork are served as a popular summer soup in the south. It is also used as the main ingredient of "stewed bitter melon". This dish is usually cooked for the Tết holiday, where its "bitter" name is taken as a reminder of the bitter living conditions experienced in the past. In Thai cuisine, the Chinese variety of green bitter melon, mara (มะระ) in Thai, is prepared stuffed with minced pork and garlic, in a clear broth. It is also served sliced, stir fried with garlic and fish sauce until just tender. In the cuisine of the Philippines, bitter melon, known as ampalaya in Tagalog, and parya in Ilokano, may be stir-fried with ground beef and oyster sauce, or with eggs and diced tomato. The dish pinakbet, popular in the Ilocos region of Luzon, consists mainly of bitter melons, eggplant, okra, string beans, tomatoes, lima beans, and other various regional vegetables all stewed together with a little bagoong-based stock. In Trinidad and Tobago, bitter melons, known as caraille or carilley, are usually sautéed with onion, garlic and scotch bonnet pepper until almost crisp. In Mauritius, bitter melons are known as 'margose' or 'margoze'. A close up view of an Indian bittergourd.

Traditional medicinal uses[edit] They have been in use for a very long time in Hindu medicine or Ayurveda[citation needed]. Bitter melon has been used in various Asian and African herbal medicine systems for a long time.[6][7][8] In Turkey, it has been used as a folk remedy for a variety of ailments, particularly stomach complaints.[9] In traditional medicine of India, different parts of the plant are used as claimed treatments for diabetes (particularly Polypeptide-p, an insulin analogue), and as a stomachic, laxative, antibilious, emetic, anthelmintic agent, for the treatment of cough, respiratory diseases, skin diseases, wounds, ulcer, gout, and rheumatism.[10] Momordica charantia has a number of purported uses including cancer prevention, treatment of diabetes, fever, HIV and AIDS, and infections.[11] While it has shown some potential clinical activity in laboratory experiments, "further studies are required to recommend its use".[11] In 2012, the germplasm and chemical constituents, such as momordicin within several varieties of the gourd, were being studied.[12] For fever reduction and relief of menstrual problems, there is no scientific research to back these claims.[11] For cancer prevention, HIV and AIDS, and treatment of infections, there is preliminary laboratory research, but no clinical studies in humans showing a benefit.[11] In 2017, the University of Peradeniya researchers revealed that bitter gourd seeds can be potentially used to destroy cancer cells and they were successfully administered to patients in Kandy General Hospital[13][better source needed] Cancer Unit. With regard to the use of Momordica charantia for diabetes, several animal studies and small-scale human studies have demonstrated a hypoglycemic effect of concentrated bitter melon extracts.[14][15][16] In addition, a 2014 review shows evidence that Momordica charantia, when consumed in raw or juice form, can be efficacious in lowering blood glucose levels.[17] However, multiple reviews have found that Momordica charantia does not significantly decrease fasting blood glucose levels or A1c, indicators of blood glucose control, when taken in capsule or tablet form.[17][18] Momordica charantia may be beneficial in diabetes; however, the effects seem to depend on how it is consumed.[17] More studies need to be performed in order to verify this effect.[17] The Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center concludes that bitter melon "cannot be recommended as a replacement therapy for insulin or hypoglycemic drugs".[11] Adverse effects[edit] Reported side effects include diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, hypoglycemia, urinary incontinence, and chest pain. Symptoms are generally mild, do not require treatment, and resolve with rest.[18] Pregnancy[edit] Bitter melon is contraindicated in pregnant women because it can induce bleeding, contractions, and miscarriage.[11][unreliable source]

Gallery[edit] Plant[edit] Plant Leafbud Leaves and Flower Flowers Female flower Male flower 2 days old fruit with flower 3 days old fruit 10 days old fruit Immature fruit Immature fruit Unripe fruits Seeds Bitter melon plant growing in a container. Commercial crop of bitter melon is grown on trellises made out of plastic netting. Dishes and other uses[edit] Aloo karela bhaaji, bitter gourd and potato dish, from India. Bitter gourd dish with sauce Bitter gourd cleaned and sliced for cooking Bitter gourds being fried in Kaohsiung, Taiwan An Indonesian-style bitter gourd dish, cooked with sambal, onion, and red bird's-eye chili peppers Filipino ampalaya con carne with egg, La Familia of Baliuag, Bulacan Bitter gourd food supplement capsules Okinawan style goya chanpuru (ゴーヤーチャンプルー), a stir-fried dish Bitter gourd fry with potato

See also[edit] Momordica cochinchinensis (gac) Momordica cymbalaria Momordica foetida

References[edit] ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.  ^ Bagchi, Indrani (11 April 2005). "Food for thought: Green 'karela' for Red China". Times of India.  ^ Tritten, Travis J. (March 9, 2011). "State Dept. official in Japan fired over alleged derogatory remarks". Stars and Stripes. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved September 12, 2012.  ^ For example, Goya Dry by Helios brewery of Okinawa ^ Lim, T. K. (2013). Edible medicinal and non-medicinal plants. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 331–332. ISBN 9789400717640.  ^ Grover, J. K.; Yadav, S. P. (2004). "Pharmacological actions and potential uses of Momordica charantia: A review". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 93 (1): 123–132. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2004.03.035. PMID 15182917.  ^ Beloin, N.; Gbeassor, M.; Akpagana, K.; Hudson, J.; De Soussa, K.; Koumaglo, K.; Arnason, J. T. (2005). "Ethnomedicinal uses of Momordica charantia (Cucurbitaceae) in Togo and relation to its phytochemistry and biological activity". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 96 (1–2): 49–55. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2004.08.009. PMID 15588650.  ^ Ananya Paul and Sarmistha Sen Raychaudhuri (2010). "Medicinal uses and molecular identification of two Momordica charantia varieties – a review" (PDF). Electronic Journal of Biology. 6 (2): 43–51.  ^ "Kudret Narı Faydaları". Beslenme Desteği. Retrieved 2011-10-03.  ^ Wang, Limei; Waltenberger, Birgit; Pferschy-Wenzig, Eva-Maria; Blunder, Martina; Liu, Xin; Malainer, Clemens; Blazevic, Tina; Schwaiger, Stefan; Rollinger, Judith M.; Heiss, Elke H.; Schuster, Daniela; Kopp, Brigitte; Bauer, Rudolf; Stuppner, Hermann; Dirsch, Verena M.; Atanasov, Atanas G. (2014). "Natural product agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ): a review". Biochemical Pharmacology. 92 (1): 73–89. doi:10.1016/j.bcp.2014.07.018. PMC 4212005 . PMID 25083916.  ^ a b c d e f "Bitter Melon". Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. Retrieved 17 October 2013.  ^ MURALI KRISHNA YELCHURI, BALA (22 January 2012). "India-Tanzania-Thailand Scientists to Study 'Bitter Gourd' for anti-diabetes". Retrieved 30 May 2017.  ^ "Bitter gourd seeds cure cancer: Research". dailymirror. Retrieved 20 March 2017.  ^ Wang, B. L.; Zhang, W. J.; Zhao, J; Wang, F. J.; Fan, L. Q.; Wu, Y. X.; Hu, Z. B. (2011). "Gene cloning and expression of a novel hypoglycaemic peptide from Momordica charantia". Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 91 (13): 2443–8. doi:10.1002/jsfa.4485. PMID 21626510.  ^ Lo, H. Y.; Ho, T. Y.; Lin, C; Li, C. C.; Hsiang, C. Y. (2013). "Momordica charantia and its novel polypeptide regulate glucose homeostasis in mice via binding to insulin receptor". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 61 (10): 2461–8. doi:10.1021/jf3042402. PMID 23414136.  ^ Chen, Q; Chan, L. L.; Li, E. T. (2003). "Bitter melon (Momordica charantia) reduces adiposity, lowers serum insulin and normalizes glucose tolerance in rats fed a high fat diet". The Journal of Nutrition. 133 (4): 1088–93. PMID 12672924.  ^ a b c d Bachok, M. F.; Yusof, B. N.; Ismail, A; Hamid, A. A. (2014). "Effectiveness of traditional Malaysian vegetables (ulam) in modulating blood glucose levels". Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition. 23 (3): 369–76. doi:10.6133/apjcn.2014.23.3.01 (inactive 2017-01-20). PMID 25164446.  ^ a b Ooi, C. P.; Yassin, Z; Hamid, T. A. (2012). "Momordica charantia for type 2 diabetes mellitus". The Cochrane Library. 8 (8): CD007845. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007845.pub3. PMID 22895968. 

External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Momordica charantia. Momordica charantia in West African plants – A Photo Guide. v t e Melon Benincasa Species B. hispida (Winter melon) Citrullus Species C. lanatus Watermelon Citron melon C. colocynthis (egusi) C. ecirrhosus (Namib Tsamma) Products and dishes Egusi Watermelon rind preserves Watermelon seed oil Watermelon steak Cucumis Species C. melo (muskmelon) Barattiere Cantaloupe Carosello Galia Korean C. melo Inodorus Group Canary Honeydew Persian Santa Claus C. metuliferus (horned/jelly melon) C. myriocarpus (paddy melon) Cultivars Bailan Charentais Crane Hami Montreal Sprite Sugar Yubari King Products and dishes Melon ball Midori Other species Cucumeropsis mannii See also List of melon dishes Category Commons Retrieved from "" Categories: Asian vegetablesFlora of PakistanFlora of the MaldivesFruit vegetablesMedicinal plants of AsiaMelonsMomordicaOkinawan cuisinePlants described in 1753Plants used in traditional African medicinePhilippine cuisineHidden categories: Pages with DOIs inactive since 2017Articles to be merged from March 2017All articles to be mergedArticles with 'species' microformatsArticles containing Chinese-language textAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from April 2016Articles with unsourced statements from August 2016All articles lacking reliable referencesArticles lacking reliable references from March 2017Articles lacking reliable references from October 2017

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia CommonsWikispecies Languages العربيةঅসমীয়াAsturianuAzərbaycancaتۆرکجهবাংলাBahasa BanjarBân-lâm-gúभोजपुरीBikol Centralབོད་ཡིགCatalàCebuanoDanskDeutschEestiEspañolEsperantoEuskaraفارسیFiji HindiFrançaisગુજરાતી客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî한국어हिन्दीIlokanoBahasa IndonesiaItalianoעבריתBasa Jawaಕನ್ನಡKapampanganKreyòl ayisyenKurdîКыргызчаLatviešuLietuviųMagyarമലയാളംमराठीBahasa MelayuMìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄မြန်မာဘာသာNederlandsनेपाली日本語ਪੰਜਾਬੀپنجابیPolskiRomânăРусскийसंस्कृतम्سنڌيСрпски / srpskiBasa SundaSuomiSvenskaTagalogதமிழ்తెలుగుไทยತುಳುTürkçeУкраїнськаاردوVahcuenghTiếng ViệtWinaray粵語中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 17 March 2018, at 14:04. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view (window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgPageParseReport":{"limitreport":{"cputime":"0.736","walltime":"1.017","ppvisitednodes":{"value":6568,"limit":1000000},"ppgeneratednodes":{"value":0,"limit":1500000},"postexpandincludesize":{"value":140529,"limit":2097152},"templateargumentsize":{"value":8267,"limit":2097152},"expansiondepth":{"value":24,"limit":40},"expensivefunctioncount":{"value":6,"limit":500},"unstrip-depth":{"value":0,"limit":20},"unstrip-size":{"value":44205,"limit":5000000},"entityaccesscount":{"value":1,"limit":400},"timingprofile":["100.00% 917.415 1 -total"," 25.30% 232.075 7 Template:Infobox"," 17.47% 160.239 1 Template:Reflist"," 16.68% 153.009 1 Template:Taxobox"," 15.72% 144.263 1 Template:Nutritionalvalue"," 15.21% 139.566 1 Template:Taxobox/core"," 12.73% 116.805 1 Template:Commons_category"," 10.70% 98.199 18 Template:Delink"," 7.58% 69.508 14 Template:Taxobox_colour"," 6.12% 56.107 4 Template:Fix"]},"scribunto":{"limitreport-timeusage":{"value":"0.339","limit":"10.000"},"limitreport-memusage":{"value":9298893,"limit":52428800}},"cachereport":{"origin":"mw1258","timestamp":"20180317200722","ttl":1900800,"transientcontent":false}}});});(window.RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.config.set({"wgBackendResponseTime":105,"wgHostname":"mw1265"});});

Bitter_melon - Photos and All Basic Informations

Bitter_melon More Links

Citrullus LanatusKeralaBitter Melon TeaWikipedia:MergingTalk:Momordica CharantiaTaxonomy (biology)PlantAngiospermsEudicotsRosidsCucurbitalesCucurbitaceaeMomordicaBinomial NomenclatureCarl LinnaeusTropicalSubtropicalVineCucurbitaceaeFruitVariety (botany)IndiaChinaLoanwordChinese LanguageJapanese LanguageOkinawan LanguageGujarati LanguageMalayalam LanguageTelugu LanguageKannada LanguageTamil LanguageHindustani LanguageHindiUrduAssamese LanguageSanskritBengali LanguageCaribbeanJamaicaBrazilPhilippinesIndonesiaEnlargeEnlargeEnlargeHerbaceousTendrilPhyllotaxisPlant Reproductive MorphologyCucumberChayoteBell PepperSaladCultivarEdit Section: Culinary UsesEnlargeChanpurūFood EnergyCarbohydrateSugarDietary FiberFatProtein (nutrient)VitaminVitamin ABeta-CaroteneLuteinZeaxanthinThiamineRiboflavinNiacinPantothenic AcidVitamin B6FolateVitamin CVitamin EVitamin KMineral (nutrient)Calcium In BiologyHuman Iron MetabolismMagnesium In BiologyManganesePhosphorusPotassium In BiologySodium In BiologyZincMicrogramMilligramInternational UnitDietary Reference IntakeLeaf VegetableChinese CuisineChinese LanguagePinyinStir FryDouchiHerbal TeaGohyah TeaHopsBeer In ChinaNorth Indian CuisineCurrySouth Indian CuisineThoranMezhukkupurattiTheeyalPachadiDiabetesPachi PulusuTamil LanguageMarathi LanguageKonkani LanguageGoaGoan CuisineNepali LanguageMortar And PestleGarlicSautéingSinhalese LanguageUrduChili PowderTurmericCorianderCuminTandooriNaanChappatiKhichriEnlargeOkinawan LanguageJapanese LanguageOkinawan CuisineJapanese CuisineWikipedia:Citation NeededIndonesian CuisineJavanese LanguageIndonesian LanguageGado-gadoVietnamese CuisineVietnamese LanguageDried MeatShrimpTếtThai CuisineThai LanguageCuisine Of The PhilippinesTagalog LanguageIlokano LanguageOyster SaucePinakbetIlocosLuzonBagoongTrinidad And TobagoScotch Bonnet PepperMauritiusEnlargeAyurvedaWikipedia:Citation NeededHerbal MedicineTraditional MedicineDiabetesPolypeptide-pInsulinStomachicLaxativeEmeticAnthelminticCoughUlcerGoutRheumatismGermplasmMomordicinUniversity Of PeradeniyaKandy General HospitalWikipedia:NOTRSHypoglycemicGlucoseGlucoseGlycated HemoglobinGlucoseCapsule (pharmacy)Tablet (pharmacy)Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterDiarrheaAbdominal PainFeverHypoglycemiaUrinary IncontinenceChest PainWikipedia:Identifying Reliable SourcesHorticulture Netting Or Vegetable Support NetKaohsiungTaiwanSambalBulacanGoya ChanpuruEdit Section: See AlsoMomordica CochinchinensisMomordica CymbalariaMomordica FoetidaInternational Standard Book NumberSpecial:BookSources/9789400717640Digital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierPubMed CentralPubMed IdentifierMemorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer CenterDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierPubMed IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierDigital Object IdentifierPubMed IdentifierTemplate:MelonsTemplate Talk:MelonsMelonWinter MelonWinter MelonCantaloupe Cross-sectionCitrullusWatermelonWatermelonCitron MelonCitrullus ColocynthisCitrullus EcirrhosusEgusiWatermelon Rind PreservesWatermelon Seed OilWatermelon SteakCucumisMuskmelonBarattiereCantaloupeCarosello (melon)Galia MelonKorean MelonCanary MelonHoneydew (melon)Persian MelonSanta Claus MelonCucumis MetuliferusCucumis MyriocarpusBailan MelonCharentais MelonCrane MelonHami MelonMontreal MelonSprite MelonSugar MelonYubari KingMelon BallMidori (liqueur)Cucumeropsis ManniiList Of Melon DishesCategory:MelonsHelp:CategoryCategory:Asian VegetablesCategory:Flora Of PakistanCategory:Flora Of The MaldivesCategory:Fruit VegetablesCategory:Medicinal Plants Of AsiaCategory:MelonsCategory:MomordicaCategory:Okinawan CuisineCategory:Plants Described In 1753Category:Plants Used In Traditional African MedicineCategory:Philippine CuisineCategory:Pages With DOIs Inactive Since 2017Category:Articles To Be Merged From March 2017Category:All Articles To Be MergedCategory:Articles With 'species' MicroformatsCategory:Articles Containing Chinese-language TextCategory:All Articles With Unsourced StatementsCategory:Articles With Unsourced Statements From April 2016Category:Articles With Unsourced Statements From August 2016Category:All Articles Lacking Reliable ReferencesCategory:Articles Lacking Reliable References From March 2017Category:Articles Lacking Reliable References From October 2017Discussion About Edits From This IP Address [n]A List Of Edits Made From This IP Address [y]View The Content Page [c]Discussion About The Content Page [t]Edit This Page [e]Visit The Main Page [z]Guides To Browsing WikipediaFeatured Content – The Best Of WikipediaFind Background Information On Current EventsLoad A Random Article [x]Guidance On How To Use And Edit WikipediaFind Out About WikipediaAbout The Project, What You Can Do, Where To Find ThingsA List Of Recent Changes In The Wiki [r]List Of All English Wikipedia Pages Containing Links To This Page [j]Recent Changes In Pages Linked From This Page [k]Upload Files [u]A List Of All Special Pages [q]Wikipedia:AboutWikipedia:General Disclaimer

view link view link view link view link view link