Contents 1 Name 2 History 2.1 Early growth 2.2 Automobiles 2.3 Mobile phone components 3 Corporate affairs 4 Innovation 5 Subsidiaries 5.1 BYD (H.K.) Co Ltd 5.2 Shenzhen BYD Electronic Parts Co Ltd 5.3 Shenzhen BYD Microelectronics Co Ltd 5.4 Shenzhen BYD Daimler New Technology Company 5.5 BYD Electronic Co Ltd 5.6 BYD Electronic Hungary Kft 5.7 Foshan Jinhui Hi-tech Optoelectronic Material Co Ltd 6 Production bases and facilities 7 Legal disputes 8 In the media 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Name[edit] The name BYD is an acronym derived from the phrase "Build Your Dreams".[6]

History[edit] BYD US Headquarter in Los Angeles Founded in February 1995[3] and listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange on 31 July,[7] 2002,[8] BYD Co Ltd began as a rechargeable-battery factory competing in the Chinese market against Japanese imports.[4] Early growth[edit] BYD grew quickly within ten years capturing more than half the world's mobile-phone battery market[9] and becoming the largest Chinese manufacturer (and in the top four worldwide) of all types of rechargeable batteries.[4] Replacing work done by machines with cheap, local labor lowered costs,[9] and the company began expanding beyond batteries adding automobiles and mobile phone components. Automobiles[edit] Main article: BYD Automobile A year after the 2002 acquisition of Tsinchuan Automobile Co Ltd, BYD Automobile Co Ltd was born.[7] One of many Chinese automakers, in 2010 it was the sixth largest in terms of sales volume.[10] Seeking to utilize BYD battery production resources, it sells electric cars in addition to gasoline-powered models. In late 2017, the premier of the government of Ontario, Canada announced that BYD would open a factory in the province to manufacture electric vehicles. Other sources indicated that the plant could open as early as 2018.[11] BYD already had a small Canadian office in Windsor, Ontario at the time.[12] Mobile phone components[edit] Main article: BYD Electronic Mobile phone components were added to the BYD product line in the early 2000s. But this business, BYD Electronic, was spun off in 2007.[13]

Corporate affairs[edit] The company has its corporate headquarters in the Pingshan New Area in Longgang District, Shenzhen, Guangdong province. Its North American headquarters are in Downtown Los Angeles, and BYD has sales offices in various countries.[14]

Innovation[edit] The company has been recognized for innovation; for example it has developed technologies that allow mobile phone batteries to be made at room temperature rather than in expensive, heated dry rooms.[15] In 2010, BusinessWeek ranked BYD the eighth most innovative company in the world [16] and that same year saw Fast Company ranking BYD as the 16th most innovative.[17]

Subsidiaries[edit] The company has a number of subsidiaries, including BYD Auto. The following is an incomplete list.[2] BYD (H.K.) Co Ltd[edit] Trading in NiCd, NiMH and Li-ion batteries and related products,[2] it is a wholly owned subsidiary of BYD Co Ltd that in turn wholly owns Golden Link Worldwide Limited.[13] Golden Link Worldwide Ltd is an investment holding company incorporated in the British Virgin Islands.[2] A wholly owned subsidiary of BYD (H.K.) Co Ltd,[18] itself a wholly owned subsidiary of BYD Co Ltd,[13] as of 2007 Golden Link held nearly 70% issued share capital of BYD Electronic (International) Co Ltd.[13] Shenzhen BYD Electronic Parts Co Ltd[edit] Production and sale of NiMH and NiCD batteries, hardware products, instruments and flexible printed circuit boards are performed by this subsidiary.[2] Shenzhen BYD Microelectronics Co Ltd[edit] Established in 2002,[19] it is responsible for the design, production and sale of ICs for use in the mobile phone industry.[20] It is registered as a sino-foreign joint venture.[2] Shenzhen BYD Daimler New Technology Company[edit] Main article: Denza A joint venture with German Daimler AG, Denza focuses on producing electric vehicles that eschew the BYD brand name. BYD Electronic Co Ltd[edit] An investment holding company incorporated in the Cayman Islands.[2] BYD Electronic Hungary Kft[edit] Originally Mirae Hungary Industrial Manufacturer Ltd, and responsible for the manufacture and sale of mobile handset components, BYD Electronic Hungary Kft was purchased from Mirae Industry Co Ltd on 12 February 2008.[2] Prior to the purchase, it manufactured handset housings for Nokia.[2] Foshan Jinhui Hi-tech Optoelectronic Material Co Ltd[edit] A joint venture with Foshan Plastic Group Co Ltd and BYD (H.K) Co Ltd,[21] it manufactures material ion exchange membranes.[2]

Production bases and facilities[edit] BYD has many production bases, including three locations in Shenzhen[22] (one of which is on the self-titled 'BYD Road' (simplified Chinese: 比亚迪路; traditional Chinese: 比亞迪路; pinyin: Bǐyàdí Lù) in Pingshan New District, Longgang District, Shenzhen),[22] as well as sites in Huizhou,[22] Shanxi,[3] and Shanghai.[3] Auto production bases include an automobile assembly line in Xi'an, a K9 electric bus manufacturing plant in Dalian,[23] a module manufacturing plant in Beijing, an R&D center and nascent automobile assembly line in Shenzhen, and an R&D center in Shanghai.[7] US operations can be found in Elk Grove Village, Illinois, and San Francisco, California.[4] BYD also acquired a site for a future North American headquarters in downtown Los Angeles, and has built and operates a manufacturing plant in Lancaster, California, near Los Angeles.[24]

Legal disputes[edit] BYD was unsuccessfully sued by Sony and Sanyo for patent infringement.[4] Foxconn has also brought a suit against the company for the same reason.[25]

In the media[edit] In September 2008, MidAmerican Energy Holdings, a subsidiary of Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway Inc., invested about US$230 million for a 10% (or 9.89%[26]) share of BYD @ HK$8/share.[25]

See also[edit] BYD Auto BYD Electronic BYD Forklift BYD Truck Lithium iron phosphate battery

References[edit] ^ a b c "BYD Company". Retrieved 27 October 2016.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j "BYD Co Ltd 2008 Annual Report" (PDF). Retrieved 12 October 2010.  ^ a b c d Company Profile BYD Official Site ^ a b c d e Marc Gunther (13 April 2009). "Why Warren Buffett is investing in electric car company BYD". Fortune. Archived from the original on 27 April 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2009.  ^ "The Tech 100". BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on 24 May 2010. Retrieved 26 May 2010.  ^ A Small Showing, but With Big Dreams NICK BUNKLEY Published: 12 January 2009 ^ a b c Company Profile Archived 26 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine. BYD Auto Official Site ^ to BYD Company Introduction, BYD Official Site ^ a b China, Inc. By Ted Fishman Google Books, page 215 ^ China Car Market 101: Who Makes All Those 18 Million Cars?, 19 January 2011 ^ ^ ^ a b c d "BYD Electronic (International) Company Limited Annual Report 2007" (PDF). 2007. Retrieved 12 October 2010. "BYD Electronic"... was spun off from BYD Company Limited and listed on the Main Board of the Stock Exchange Hong Kong Limited on 20 December 2007. It is a world-leading vertically integrated provider of handset components and modules manufacturing as well as assembly services. The Company provides services to brand name vendors of handsets as original equipment manufacturers...  ^ "Contact Us Archived 22 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine.." BYD Company. Retrieved on 17 June 2015. "BYD COMPANY LIMITED Headquarters Add.: No.3009, BYD Road, Pingshan, Shenzhen, 518118, P.R.China " - Chinese address: "比亚迪股份有限公司 总部 地址:深圳市坪山新区比亚迪路3009号 邮编:518118 " - "BYD North America Headquarters Add.:1800 S. Figueroa Street, Los Angeles, CA90015, USA" ^ break all the rules: A special report on innovation in emerging markets; The charms of frugal innovation, 15 April 2010 ^ "The 50 Most Innovative Companies 2010". BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on 18 April 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2010.  ^ "The World's Most Innovative Companies 2010". Fast Company. Archived from the original on 19 April 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2010.  ^ "Further Reorganisation of the Be Group for the Proposed Spin-Off And Adjournment of Egms in Respect of the Proposed Spin-Off" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2010.  ^ BYD Acquires SinoMOS Wed. 8 October 2008 ^ BYD Said to Buy Wafer Assets Wed. 8 October 2008 ^ Foshan Plastic Group starts special cell production.(NEWSDESK: Cooperation)(Foshan Jinhui High-Tech Photoelectric Material Co. Ltd.) China Chemical Reporter, 26 February 2006 ^ a b c BYD Co Ltd Company Brochure BYD Auto Official Site ^ "港媒:比亚迪纯电动巴士大连下线 电池项目已正式启动". 凤凰财经 (in Chinese). Retrieved 29 December 2014.  ^ For Illinois location, see "Chinese Auto Maker BYD Locating its North American Headquarters Downtown on Figueroa". blogdowntown. 30 April 2010. Archived from the original on 4 May 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2010.  For California location, see "Chinese auto, solar firm BYD chooses LA as its US headquarters". Contra Costa Times. 30 April 2010. Archived from the original on 3 May 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2010.  ^ a b Joanne Chiu and Alison Leung (29 September 2008). "Buffett's BYD endorsement sends shares soaring". Reuters. Retrieved 3 May 2009.  ^ Car Designer Sees China’s Wheels Electric-powered BYD Press Release, 12 May 2009

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