Contents 1 History 1.1 Products 2 Resurrection of the Armalite brand 3 See also 4 References 5 Sources 6 External links

History[edit] Armalite began as a small arms engineering concern founded by George Sullivan, the patent counsel for Lockheed Corporation, and funded by Fairchild Engine and Airplane Corporation.[4] After leasing a small machine shop[5] at 6567 Santa Monica Boulevard in Hollywood, California, Sullivan hired several employees and began work on a prototype for a lightweight survival rifle for use by downed aircrew.[4] On October 1, 1954, the company was incorporated as the Armalite Corporation, becoming a subdivision of Fairchild.[4] With its limited capital and tiny machine shop, Armalite was never intended to be an arms manufacturer.[4] Armalite was instead focused on producing small arms concepts and designs to be sold or licensed to other manufacturers.[4] While testing the prototype of Armalite's survival rifle design at a local shooting range, Sullivan met Eugene Stoner, a talented small arms inventor, whom Sullivan immediately hired to be Armalite's chief design engineer.[4] Stoner was a Marine in World War II and an expert with small arms. Since the early 1950s, he had been working at a variety of jobs while building gun prototypes in his spare time. At the time, Armalite Inc. was a very small organization (as late as 1956 it had only nine employees, including Stoner).[4] With Stoner as chief design engineer, Armalite quickly released a number of interesting rifle concepts.[6] The first Armalite concept to be adopted for production was the AR-5, a survival rifle chambered for the .22 Hornet cartridge. The AR-5 was adopted by the U.S. Air Force as the MA-1 Survival Rifle. A civilian survival weapon, the AR-7, was later introduced, chambered in .22 Long Rifle. The semi-automatic AR-7, like the AR-5, could be disassembled, and the components stored in the buttstock. Primarily made of alloys, the AR-7 would float, whether assembled or stored, due to the design of the buttstock, which was filled with plastic foam. The AR-7 and derivative models have been produced by several companies since introduction in the late 1950s, currently[when?] by Henry Repeating Arms, of Bayonne, New Jersey, and the rifle is still popular today.[when?] Most of Armalite's time and engineering effort in 1955 and 1956 was spent in developing the prototypes for what would become the ArmaLite AR-10. Based on Stoner's fourth prototype, two hand-built production AR-10s were tested by the Springfield Armory in late 1956 and again in 1957 as a possible replacement to the venerable yet outdated M1 Garand. The untested AR-10 faced competition from the two other major rifle designs, the Springfield Armory T-44, an updated M1 Garand design that became the M14, and the T-48, a version of the famous Belgian FN FAL rifle. Both the T-44 and the T-48 had a lead of several years over the AR-10 in development and trials testing; the T-44 had the additional advantage of being an in-house Springfield Armory design.[7] The Army eventually selected the T-44 over both the AR-10 and the T-48. Armalite continued to market the AR-10 based on a limited production of rifles at their Hollywood facility. These limited-production, virtually hand-built rifles are referred to today as the "Hollywood" model AR-10.[8] In 1957, Fairchild/Armalite sold a five-year manufacturing license for the AR-10 to the Dutch arms manufacturer 'Artillerie Inrichtingen (AI). Converting the AR-10 engineering drawings to metric, AI found the Hollywood version of the AR-10 deficient in a number of respects, and made a number of significant design and engineering changes in the AR-10 that continued throughout the production run in the Netherlands. Firearms historians[who?] have separated AR-10 production under the AI license into three identifiable versions of the AR-10: the "Sudanese" model, the "Transitional", and the "Portuguese" model AR-10.[citation needed] The Sudanese version derives its name from its sale to the Government of Sudan, which purchased approximately 2,500 AR-10 rifles, while the Transitional model incorporated additional design changes based on experience with the Sudanese model in the field. The final AI-produced AR-10, the Portuguese, was a product-improved variant sold to the Portuguese Air Force for use by paratroopers.[9] While AR-10 production at AI dwarfed that of Armalite's Hollywood shop, it was still limited, as sales to foreign armies proved elusive. Guatemala, Burma, Italy, Cuba, Sudan and Portugal all purchased AR-10 rifles for limited issue to their military forces,[9][10][11][12] resulting in a total production of less than 10,000 AR-10 rifles in four years. It appears that none of the design changes and product improvements made by AI were ever transmitted to or adopted by Armalite. Disappointed with AR-10 sales, Fairchild Armalite decided to terminate its association with Artillerie Inrichtingen and instead concentrated on producing a small-caliber version of the AR-10 to meet a requirement for the U.S. Air Force. Using the Hollywood-produced AR-10, the prototype was downsized in dimensions to accept the .223 Remington (5.56 mm) cartridge.[13] This resulted in the ArmaLite AR-15, designed by Eugene Stoner, Jim Sullivan, and Bob Fremont, and chambered in 5.56 mm caliber.[13] Armalite also re-introduced the AR-10, this time using a design derived from the original Hollywood prototypes of 1956, and designated the AR-10A. Unable to produce either rifle in quantity, Armalite was forced to license both designs to Colt in early 1959. That same year, Armalite moved its corporate offices and engineering and production shop to new premises at 118 East 16th Street in Costa Mesa, California.[14] Frustrated by what it perceived as unnecessary production delays at AI, and poor AR-10 sales, Fairchild decided not to renew Artillerie Inrichtingen's license to produce the AR-10. In 1962, disappointed with Armalite's meagre profits, largely derived from licensing fees, Fairchild dissolved its association with Armalite.[14] With the AR-10 and AR-15 designs sold to Colt, Armalite was left without a viable major infantry arm to market to potential manufacturers and end users. Armalite next developed a series of less expensive new rifle designs in 7.62 mm and 5.56 mm. The 7.62 mm NATO rifle was designated the AR-16. The AR-16 and the other newly designed Armalites utilized a more traditional gas piston design along with stamped and welded steel construction in place of aluminum forgings. Due to the success of the FN FAL, H&K G3, and the US M14, the 7.62 mm AR-16 (not to be confused with the M16) was produced only in prototype quantities. Another Armalite project was the AR-17, a two-shot autoloading shotgun based on the short-recoil principle and featuring a weight of only 5.5 pounds thanks to its aluminum and plastic construction; only about 1,200 were ever produced.[15] In 1963, development began on the AR-18 rifle, a "downsized" 5.56mm AR-16 with a new gas system utilizing a short stroke gas piston instead of the Stoner direct gas impingement system used on the AR-10 and AR-15. Designed by Art Miller, the AR-18 was accompanied by a semi-automatic version, the AR-180.[2] However, the sales success of the AR-15 worldwide to the U.S. military and other nations proved the undoing of the AR-18, and the latter failed to garner substantial orders. In response to criticism of the rifle's performance in trials by the military in the United States and Great Britain, a few minor improvements were made to the original design, but little else was done. Armalite manufactured some AR-18 and AR-180 rifles at its Costa Mesa facility and later licensed production to Howa Machinery Co. in Japan. However, Japan was prohibited under its laws from selling military-style arms to combative nations, and with the United States involved in the Vietnam war, production at the Howa plant was limited. Armalite then licensed production to Sterling Armaments in Dagenham, Great Britain. Sales remained modest.[clarification needed] Today, the AR-180 is best known for its use by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in Ireland, who received small quantities of the rifle from black market sources. The AR-18 gas system and rotating bolt mechanism did serve as the basis for the current British small arms family, the SA80, which came from the XL65 which is essentially an AR-18 in bullpup configuration.[citation needed] Other designs, such as the Singapore SAR-80 and German G36, are based upon the AR-18.[citation needed] A derivative of the AR-18 was the AR-100 series. It came in four variants: the closed-bolt AR-101 assault rifle and AR-102 carbine, and the open-bolt fired AR-103 carbine and AR-104 light machine gun with ejecting magazines. The weapon was intended to increase firepower of a squad as well as mobility. It was never adopted; however, it led to the Ultimax 100. By the 1970s, Armalite had essentially stopped all new rifle development, and the company effectively ceased operations.[2] In 1983 Armalite was sold to Elisco Tool Manufacturing Company, of the Philippines. The AR-18 tooling at the Costa Mesa shop went to the Philippines, while some of the remaining Armalite employees acquired the remaining inventory of parts for the AR-17 and AR-18.[2] Products[edit] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) (1954 – 1983) AR-1 "Parasniper", bolt-action rifle (1954) AR-3, 7.62×51mm NATO semi-auto rifle AR-5, .22 Hornet bolt-action survival rifle (1954–55) AR-7 "Explorer", .22 LR semi-auto survival rifle (1959–60) AR-9, semi-auto 12-gauge shotgun AR-10, 7.62×51mm NATO battle rifle (1955–56) AR-11, .222 Remington semi-auto rifle[16] AR-12, 7.62×51mm NATO battle rifle[17] AR-13, hyper-velocity anti-aircraft machine gun AR-14, .243 Winchester or 7.62×51mm NATO semi-auto rifle AR-15, .223 Remington assault rifle (1956 – 59) AR-16, 7.62×51mm NATO battle rifle (1959 – 60) AR-17, semi-auto 12-gauge shotgun[18][19] (1956 – 62) AR-18, .223 Remington assault rifle (1963 – 65) AR-180, .223 Remington semi-auto rifle (1996–Present) AR-10B, .308 Win semi-auto rifle (1994 – Present) AR-10A, .308 Win semi-auto rifle (2006 – Present) (re-designed AR-10 - most parts are not compatible with AR-10B) AR-10 SuperSASS, .308 Win semi-auto sniper system (2006 – Present) AR-20, .50 BMG single shot rifle (1998 – 1999) AR-22, blank firing device for the Mk 19 40mm grenade launcher (1998 – 2008) AR-23, sub-calibre training device for the Mk 19 40mm grenade launcher (1998 – 2008) AR-24, 9 mm pistol (2006–2012) AR-30, .308 Win, .338 Lapua Magnum, .300 WIN MAG bolt-action rifle (1999 – 2012) AR-30A1, .300 WIN MAG, .338 Lapua Magnum bolt-action rifle (2013–present) (re-designed AR-30; most parts are not compatible with AR-30) AR-31, .308 Win bolt-action rifle (2013–present) AR-50, .50 BMG single-shot rifle (1998 – present) AR-180B, 5.56mm semi-auto rifle (2001 – 2009) M-15, 5.56mm semi-auto rifle (1994 – present)

Resurrection of the Armalite brand[edit] Armalite AR-10B After passing through a series of owners, the Armalite brand name and rampant lion logo was sold in 1996 to Mark Westrom, a former U.S. Army Ordnance officer and inventor of a 7.62 NATO sniper rifle based on the design concepts of Eugene Stoner. The company resumed business as Armalite Inc. Today, Armalite produces a number of AR-15 and AR-10-based rifles, as well as .50 BMG rifles (the AR-50), and a modified AR-180 named the AR-180B (discontinued in 2009). In the mid-2000s, Armalite had also announced that they are introducing a handgun line including the AR-24 and AR-26 (both pistols also discontinued). In 2013, Westrom sold Armalite, Inc. to Strategic Armory Corps, who also owns AWC Silencers, Surgeon Rifles, Nexus Ammo, and McMillan Firearms. Strategic Armory Corps was formed with the goal of acquiring and combining market-leading companies within the firearms industry.[3]

See also[edit] Armalite Rifle AR-platform firearm List of modern armament manufacturers Armalite and ballot box strategy

References[edit] ^ a b "History - Armalite". Retrieved October 15, 2016.  ^ a b c d Pikula, Sam (Major), The Armalite AR-10, p. 92 ^ a b "Strategic Armory Corps". Strategic Armory Corps. SAC Firearms. Retrieved 10 November 2015.  ^ a b c d e f g Pikula, Sam (Major), The Armalite AR-10, pp. 23–26 ^ Pikula, p. 25: The workshop on Santa Monica occupied only 1000 square feet, and was referred to as 'George's backyard garage' by employees. ^ Pikula, Sam (Major), The Armalite AR-10, pp. 30-36 ^ Pikula, Sam (Major), The Armalite AR-10, pp. 39-40 ^ Pikula, Sam (Major), The Armalite AR-10, pp. 29, 31 ^ a b Pikula, Sam (Major), The Armalite AR-10, p. 78 ^ Pikula, Sam (Major), The Armalite AR-10, p. 45 ^ Pikula, Sam (Major), The Armalite AR-10, p. 72,73 ^ Pikula, Sam (Major), The Armalite AR-10, p. 75 ^ a b Pikula, Sam (Major), The Armalite AR-10, p. 88 ^ a b Pikula, Sam (Major), The Armalite AR-10, p. 90 ^ Hahn, Nick, The 'Other' Autoloaders, Gun Digest 2011, 65th ed., F+W Media (2010), p. 69 ^ "springfield armory".  ^ "".  ^ "ArmaLite AR-17 Shotgun". Retrieved 2016-07-12.  ^ "Armalite AR-17: A Shotgun from the World of Tomorrow!". Retrieved 2018-01-27. 

Sources[edit] McElrath, Daniel T. (December 10, 2004). "Golden Days At ArmaLite". American Rifleman. National Rifle Association of America. Retrieved 2006-10-20.  Pikula, Sam (Major), The ArmaLite AR-10, Regnum Fund Press (1998), ISBN 9986-494-38-9 Walter, John (2006). Rifles of the World. Krause Publications. pp. 34–37. ISBN 978-0-89689-241-5. 

External links[edit] Official website ArmaLite AR-10 derivatives Battle rifles Standard ArmaLite AR-10 Heckler & Koch HK417 MPT-76 Sniper rifles M110 Semi-Automatic Sniper System Marine Scout Sniper Rifle Mk 12 Special Purpose Rifle SEAL Recon Rifle SR-25 United States Marine Corps Squad Advanced Marksman Rifle United States Army Squad Designated Marksman Rifle Assault rifles Standard ArmaLite AR-15 M16 rifle variants Colt Advanced Piston Carbine Colt ACR Colt Canada C7 Adcor A-556 Barrett REC7 Barrett M468 Heckler & Koch HK416 KH-2002 Knight's Armament Company SR-47 LR-300 LWRC M6 Norinco CQ PVAR Remington GPC Safir T-series SOCIMI AR-831 T65 T86 T91 Carbines CAR-15 M4 carbine Bushmaster M4-type Carbine Close Quarters Battle Receiver CMMG Mk45 G13 carbine Olympic Arms OA-93 SIG516 Special Operations Assault Rifle Submachine guns Colt 9mm SMG CAR-15 Submachine Gun La France M16K Personal defense weapons Colt MARS AR-57 AAC Honey Badger PDW GA Personal Defense Weapon Machine guns Colt Automatic Rifle Ares Shrike 5.56 M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle Semi-automatic rifles Centerfire Colt AR-15 variants AR-15 style rifle Bushmaster XM-15 Heckler & Koch MR223 Heckler & Koch MR308 Ruger SR-556 SIG MCX SIG Sauer SIG516 SIG Sauer SIGM400 Smith & Wesson M&P10 Smith & Wesson M&P15 CMMG Mk47 Mutant Rimfire Armi Jager AP-74 Smith & Wesson M&P15-22 Shotguns Intrepid RAS-12 Safir T-series UTAS XTR-12 Pistols Carbon 15 Olympic Arms OA-93 Other developments M231 Firing Port Weapon CM901 Daewoo K2 v t e Armalite AR-16 derivatives Battle rifles ArmaLite AR-16 Assault rifles ArmaLite AR-18 Howa Type 89 SAR-80 SR-88 T2 MK5 Bullpup rifles SA80 Sterling SAR-87 Semi-automatic rifles ArmaLite AR-180 Vulcan V18 Retrieved from "" Categories: Assault riflesBattle riflesBullpup firearmsFirearm manufacturers of the United StatesCompanies based in Henry County, IllinoisHidden categories: Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2016All articles with vague or ambiguous timeVague or ambiguous time from October 2016All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrasesArticles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from October 2016All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from December 2016Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016Articles needing additional references from August 2016All articles needing additional referencesOfficial website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia

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List Of Business EntitiesGeneseo, IllinoisParent CompanyStrategic Armory CorpsSmall ArmsHollywood, CaliforniaFairchild (aircraft Manufacturer)FibreglassArmalite AR-5Armalite AR-7AR-10ArmaLite AR-15Colt's Manufacturing CompanyUnited States Air ForceVietnamWikipedia:Please ClarifyWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Dates And NumbersNATOArmaLite AR-18Geneseo, IllinoisLockheed CorporationFairchild (aircraft Manufacturer)Eugene StonerUnited States Marine CorpsWorld War IIAR-5.22 HornetU.S. Air ForceMA-1 Survival Rifle.22 Long RifleWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Dates And NumbersHenry Repeating ArmsWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Dates And NumbersArmaLite AR-10Springfield ArmoryM1 Garand RifleSpringfield ArmoryT44 RifleM14 RifleBelgiumFN FALNetherlandsWikipedia:Manual Of Style/Words To WatchWikipedia:Citation NeededMilitary Of GuatemalaMyanmarMilitary Of ItalyMilitary Of CubaMilitary Of SudanPortuguese ArmyArmaLite AR-15L. 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